Aliases & Classifications for Quadriplegia

Aliases & Descriptions for Quadriplegia:

Name: Quadriplegia 12 14 69
Tetraplegia 12 29 14
Tetraplegias 52

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:12835
ICD10 33 G82.5 G82.50
ICD9CM 35 344.00
MeSH 42 D011782
NCIt 47 C50721
SNOMED-CT 64 11538006 155030003
UMLS 69 C0034372

Summaries for Quadriplegia

MalaCards based summary : Quadriplegia, also known as tetraplegia, is related to cardiac arrest and spastic quadriplegia, and has symptoms including hemiplegia, ophthalmoplegia and muscle weakness. An important gene associated with Quadriplegia is ALDH3A2 (Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 3 Family Member A2), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Carbon metabolism and Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption. The drugs Baclofen and Benzocaine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include spinal cord, bone and lung, and related phenotypes are homeostasis/metabolism and mortality/aging

Wikipedia : 71 Tetraplegia, also known as quadriplegia, is paralysis caused by illness or injury that results in the... more...

Related Diseases for Quadriplegia

Diseases related to Quadriplegia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 149)
id Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cardiac arrest 29.3 SDHA SDHD
2 spastic quadriplegia 12.2
3 ichthyosis, spastic quadriplegia, and mental retardation 12.1
4 spastic tetraplegia, thin corpus callosum, and progressive microcephaly 12.1
5 spastic quadriplegia, retinitis pigmentosa, and mental retardation 11.8
6 microcephaly with spastic quadriplegia 11.8
7 congenital ichthyosis, microcephalus, quadriplegia 11.7
8 paraplegia 11.1
9 spinal cord injury 11.1
10 pelizaeus-merzbacher disease 11.0
11 locked-in syndrome 10.9
12 alternating hemiplegia of childhood 10.8
13 alternating hemiplegia of childhood 2 10.8
14 absent eyebrows and eyelashes with mental retardation 10.7
15 congenital ichthyosis-microcephalus-tetraplegia syndrome 10.7
16 inherited congenital spastic tetraplegia 10.7
17 spastic tetraplegia-thin corpus callosum-progressive postnatal microcephaly syndrome 10.7
18 ichthyosis, spastic qudraplegia and mental retardation 10.7
19 porphyria variegata 10.7
20 argininemia 10.7
21 immunodeficiency 49 10.7
22 cerebral palsy, spastic quadriplegic, 2 10.7
23 encephalopathy, progressive, early-onset, with brain atrophy and thin corpus callosum 10.7
24 epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 5 10.7
25 mitochondrial complex ii deficiency 10.7
26 spastic cerebral palsy 10.7
27 allan-herndon-dudley syndrome 10.7
28 stxbp1 encephalopathy with epilepsy 10.7
29 cervicitis 10.4
30 spasticity 10.3
31 penttinen-aula syndrome 10.1 PLP1 SLC16A2
32 neuropathy, congenital, with arthrogryposis multiplex 10.1 SDHA SDHD
33 mohr-tranebjaerg syndrome 10.1 PLP1 SLC16A2
34 amaurosis congenita, cone-rod type, with congenital hypertrichosis 10.1 SDHA SDHD
35 glycogen storage disease ic 9.9 SDHA SDHAF1 SDHD
36 cowden syndrome 3 9.9 SDHA SDHD
37 cerebritis 9.9
38 mixed cerebral palsy 9.9 ALDH3A2 PLP1
39 epidural abscess 9.9
40 arthritis 9.8
41 cerebral palsy 9.8
42 meningitis 9.8
43 spinal stenosis 9.8
44 scoliosis 9.8
45 myopathy 9.8
46 hypokalemia 9.8
47 rheumatoid arthritis 9.8
48 hyperostosis 9.7
49 klippel-feil syndrome 9.7
50 pneumococcal meningitis 9.7

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Quadriplegia:



Diseases related to Quadriplegia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Quadriplegia

UMLS symptoms related to Quadriplegia:


hemiplegia, ophthalmoplegia, muscle weakness, quadriparesis, other quadriplegia, flaccid quadriplegia

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Quadriplegia:

44
id Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 9.85 SDHD SLC16A2 ALDH3A2 ARG1 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
2 mortality/aging MP:0010768 9.61 ARG1 ATP1A2 ATP1A3 ELOVL4 PIK3C2A PLP1
3 nervous system MP:0003631 9.32 ALDH3A2 ARG1 ATP1A2 ATP1A3 ELOVL4 PIK3C2A

Drugs & Therapeutics for Quadriplegia

Drugs for Quadriplegia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 87)
id Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Baclofen Approved Phase 4 1134-47-0 2284
2
Benzocaine Approved Phase 4 1994-09-7, 94-09-7 2337
3
Midodrine Approved Phase 4,Phase 2 133163-28-7, 42794-76-3 4195
4
Acetylcholine Approved Phase 4 51-84-3 187
5
Tadalafil Approved, Investigational Phase 4 171596-29-5 110635
6 tannic acid Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4
7
Melatonin Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 1 73-31-4 896
8 Adrenergic Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 1
9 Adrenergic Agonists Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 1
10 Adrenergic alpha-Agonists Phase 4,Phase 2
11 Autonomic Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1
12 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1
13 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1
14 Vasoconstrictor Agents Phase 4,Phase 2
15 Antioxidants Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1
16 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4,Phase 1,Phase 2
17 Protective Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1
18 abobotulinumtoxinA Phase 4
19 Botulinum Toxins Phase 4
20 Botulinum Toxins, Type A Phase 4
21 Cholinergic Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 1
22 incobotulinumtoxinA Phase 4
23 Neuromuscular Agents Phase 4
24 onabotulinumtoxinA Phase 4
25 Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors Phase 4
26 Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors Phase 4
27 Vasodilator Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3
28 Anesthetics Phase 4,Phase 1
29 Anesthetics, General Phase 4
30 Omega 3 Fatty Acid Nutraceutical Phase 4
31
Nitric Oxide Approved Phase 2, Phase 3, Phase 1 10102-43-9 145068
32
Menthol Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 2216-51-5 16666
33 Anti-Asthmatic Agents Phase 2, Phase 3, Phase 1
34 Bronchodilator Agents Phase 2, Phase 3, Phase 1
35 Endothelium-Dependent Relaxing Factors Phase 2, Phase 3
36 NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester Phase 2, Phase 3
37 Respiratory System Agents Phase 2, Phase 3, Phase 1
38 Fibrin Tissue Adhesive Phase 2, Phase 3,Phase 1
39 Hemostatics Phase 2, Phase 3,Phase 1
40 arginine Nutraceutical Phase 2, Phase 3
41
Buspirone Approved, Investigational Phase 1, Phase 2 36505-84-7 2477
42
Carbidopa Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 28860-95-9 34359 38101
43
Dopamine Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 51-61-6, 62-31-7 681
44
Levodopa Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 59-92-7 6047
45
Nitroarginine Experimental Phase 2 2149-70-4
46 Anti-Anxiety Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
47 Antiparkinson Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
48 Carbidopa, levodopa drug combination Phase 1, Phase 2
49 Dopamine Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
50 Psychotropic Drugs Phase 1, Phase 2

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 117)
id Name Status NCT ID Phase
1 Eyegaze Systems for Spinal Cord Injury: A Feasibility Study Unknown status NCT01943656 Phase 4
2 Does Oral Baclofen Improve Care and Comfort in Spastic Children in Nursing Homes? Unknown status NCT00752934 Phase 4
3 Body Temperature in Persons With Tetraplegia When Exposed to Cold Completed NCT01822535 Phase 4
4 Omega-3 Supplementation for Tetraplegics With Poor Cholesterol Levels Completed NCT01896037 Phase 4
5 Functional Melatonin Replacement for Sleep Disruptions in Individuals With Tetraplegia Completed NCT00507546 Phase 4
6 Diaphragmatic Reinnervation of Tetraplegic Patients With Respiratory Insufficiency Completed NCT01350297 Phase 4
7 Investigating Botulinum Toxin A to Treat Acute Neck/Upper Shoulder Pain Following a New Spinal Cord Injury. Completed NCT00320281 Phase 4
8 Effect of Tadalafil (Cialis) on the Cardiovascular System of Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Males Completed NCT01067391 Phase 4
9 Thermoregulation and Cognition During Cool Ambient Exposure in Tetraplegia Recruiting NCT02379156 Phase 4
10 Effect of Heat Exposure on Cognition in Persons With Tetraplegia Recruiting NCT02488824 Phase 4
11 Nerve Transfer Reconstruction in the Tetraplegic Upper Extremity Recruiting NCT01579604 Phase 4
12 SCIPA (Spinal Cord Injury and Physical Activity) Hands-On: Early Intensive Hand Rehabilitation After Spinal Cord Injury Unknown status NCT01086930 Phase 3
13 Retraining Walking After Spinal Cord Injury Unknown status NCT00059553 Phase 2, Phase 3
14 Exhaled Levels of Nitric Oxide Completed NCT00753948 Phase 2, Phase 3
15 Prevention of Low Blood Pressure in Persons With Tetraplegia Completed NCT00237770 Phase 2, Phase 3
16 MEOPA to Improve Physical Therapy Results After Multilevel Surgery Completed NCT00632528 Phase 3
17 In-home Telerehabilitation for Quadriplegic Hand Function Completed NCT00656149 Phase 2, Phase 3
18 Restoration of Upper Limb Function in Individuals With Sub-Acute Spinal Cord Injury Active, not recruiting NCT01292811 Phase 3
19 Study of the Impact of the Use of a Corset on the Respiratory Function of Patients With Spinal Cord Injury Withdrawn NCT01569360 Phase 3
20 Cethrin in Acute Cervical Spinal Cord Injury Withdrawn NCT02053883 Phase 2, Phase 3
21 Rehabilitation of the Upper Extremity With Enhanced Proprioceptive Feedback Following Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury Unknown status NCT00833105 Phase 1, Phase 2
22 Surgical Management of Spinal Cord Injuries In Neck Unknown status NCT00475748 Phase 2
23 Safety and Efficacy of L-NAME and Midodrine to Increase MAP Completed NCT00835224 Phase 2
24 Spinal Cord Injury Leg Rehabilitation Completed NCT01498991 Phase 1, Phase 2
25 FES Therapy:Restoring Voluntary Grasping Function in Chronic SCI Completed NCT01208688 Phase 2
26 A Safety Study for Cethrin (BA-210) in the Treatment of Acute Thoracic and Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries Completed NCT00500812 Phase 1, Phase 2
27 The Effects of Passive Gait Training in Complete Motor Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Completed NCT01349478 Phase 1, Phase 2
28 Study to Assess Safety, Tolerability and MTD of a Central Pattern Generator-activating Tritherapy (SPINALON) in Patients With Chronic Spinal Cord Injury Completed NCT01484184 Phase 1, Phase 2
29 Spinal Cord Neuromodulation for SCI Recruiting NCT02313194 Phase 1, Phase 2
30 Dose Escalation Study of AST-OPC1 in Spinal Cord Injury Recruiting NCT02302157 Phase 1, Phase 2
31 Hand Function for Tetraplegia Active, not recruiting NCT00890916 Phase 1, Phase 2
32 24hr Effects of Tiotropium Bromide in Tetraplegia Active, not recruiting NCT02586649 Phase 2
33 Autologous Incubated Macrophages for Patients With Complete Spinal Cord Injuries Suspended NCT00073853 Phase 2
34 Effect of Air-stacking on Peak Cough Flow in Patients With Acute Cervical or High Thoracic Spinal Cord Injury Withdrawn NCT01046175 Phase 2
35 The Role of Melatonin in the Regulation of Blood Coagulation Completed NCT01741389 Phase 1
36 Evaluation of a Tongue Operated Assistive Technology for Individuals With Severe Paralysis Completed NCT01124292 Phase 1
37 Use of Interactive Gaming for Enhanced Function After Spinal Cord Injury Completed NCT01537978 Phase 1
38 Neural Adaptation After Tendon Transfer and Training in Tetraplegia Recruiting NCT02768103 Phase 1
39 Brain Computer Interface: Neuroprosthetic Control of a Motorized Exoskeleton Recruiting NCT02550522 Phase 1
40 The Safety of ahSC in Chronic SCI With Rehabilitation Recruiting NCT02354625 Phase 1
41 Effects of Anticholinergic or Long-Acting Beta 2 Agonist on FeNO and Pulmonary Function in SCI Active, not recruiting NCT01355991 Phase 1
42 Improving Ambulatory Community Access After Paralysis Active, not recruiting NCT01570816 Phase 1
43 Acute and Chronic Effects of Inhaled Steroids on Pulmonary Function in Persons With Spinal Cord Injury Active, not recruiting NCT01353599 Phase 1
44 Abdominal Functional Electrical Stimulation in Tetraplegia Unknown status NCT00202631
45 Electrical Activation of The Diaphragm for Ventilatory Assist Unknown status NCT00010374
46 Abdominal Functional Electrical Stimulation Training and Its Effect on Mechanical Insufflation-Exsufflation Unknown status NCT01800409
47 Multicenter National Randomized Controlled Open Label Study Assessing Interest of Non Invasive Ventilation in out-of Hospital Setting During Acute Respiratory Failure in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients. VeNIS BPCO Unknown status NCT01626937
48 Body Composition Assessment in Spinal Cord Injury Unknown status NCT00957762
49 BCI and FES for Hand Therapy in Spinal Cord Injury Unknown status NCT01852279
50 Evaluation of Breathing Pattern and Dyspnea in Subjects With Tetraplegia Completed NCT00904436

Search NIH Clinical Center for Quadriplegia

Genetic Tests for Quadriplegia

Genetic tests related to Quadriplegia:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Tetraplegia 29

Anatomical Context for Quadriplegia

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Quadriplegia:

39
Spinal Cord, Bone, Lung, Heart, Prostate, Testes, Skin

Publications for Quadriplegia

Articles related to Quadriplegia:

(show top 50) (show all 543)
id Title Authors Year
1
Quadriplegia caused by an epidural abscess occurring at the same level of cervical destructive spondyloarthropathy: a case report. ( 28068970 )
2017
2
Aspiration, quadriplegia, incontinence. ( 26607791 )
2016
3
Skeletal Maturation and Mineralisation of Children with Moderate to Severe Spastic Quadriplegia. ( 27504366 )
2016
4
Permanent Quadriplegia Following Replacement of Voice Prosthesis. ( 28005804 )
2016
5
The benefits of a comprehensive rehabilitation program in patients diagnosed with spastic quadriplegia. ( 27974931 )
2016
6
Restoring cortical control of functional movement in a human with quadriplegia. ( 27074513 )
2016
7
Acute Traumatic Quadriplegia in Adults: Predictors of Acute in-Hospital Mortality. ( 27651339 )
2016
8
Intraspinal hypotension syndrome presents as transient quadriplegia. ( 27766904 )
2016
9
Permanent Quadriplegia Following Replacement of Voice Prosthesis. ( 27617810 )
2016
10
Correlations between risk factors and functional evolution in patients with spastic quadriplegia. ( 27453749 )
2016
11
Living Brain to Hand: Bypassing Spinal Cord Quadriplegia Using a Novel Neuroprosthesis. ( 27428636 )
2016
12
Decrease of spasticity after hybrid assistive limb(Ar) training for a patient with C4 quadriplegia due to chronic SCI. ( 27762171 )
2016
13
Self-catheterization activity in women with quadriplegia: occupational therapy and achievement of independence. ( 27271231 )
2016
14
Poster 472 8-Year-Old Male with Flaccid Quadriplegia After Bone Marrow Transplant: A Case Report. ( 27673216 )
2016
15
Rapidly Progressive Quadriplegia and Encephalopathy. ( 27598246 )
2016
16
Orthodontic treatment and follow-up of a patient with cerebral palsy and spastic quadriplegia. ( 27692425 )
2016
17
Using an Artificial Neural Bypass to Restore Cortical Control of Rhythmic Movements in a Human with Quadriplegia. ( 27658585 )
2016
18
Neural repair and rehabilitation: Man with quadriplegia uses brainwaves to control his forearm muscles. ( 27125635 )
2016
19
Quadriplegia Following Epileptic Seizure : Things to Keep in Mind. ( 27226869 )
2016
20
Development of stroke-induced quadriplegia after endovascular repair of blunt aortic injury pseudoaneurysm. ( 25630782 )
2015
21
A slow progressor HIV-infected boy developing quadriplegia with evidence of Epstein-Barr virus associated smooth muscle tumour of the cervical spinal cord. ( 26123466 )
2015
22
Transient Cardiomyopathy and Quadriplegia Induced by Ephedrine Decongestant. ( 26664316 )
2015
23
Onset of reversible flaccid quadriplegia during treatment of thyrotoxic crisis. ( 25748960 )
2015
24
Delayed transient post-traumatic quadriplegia. ( 25960840 )
2015
25
Management of a 3-year-old with an unstable C6-C7 diastasis without quadriplegia. ( 26077099 )
2015
26
Acute flaccid quadriplegia in rheumatoid arthritis. ( 25955377 )
2015
27
Progressive quadriplegia resulting from septic facet joint arthritis. ( 26223077 )
2015
28
Acute quadriplegia caused by necrotizing myopathy in a renal transplant recipient with severe pneumonia: acute onset and complete recovery. ( 25649241 )
2015
29
Paraplegia-quadriplegia Independently Increases All Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Complications: A Comparative Study Using the Modified Clavien System. ( 25770730 )
2015
30
Re: Paraplegia-Quadriplegia Independently Increases all Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Complications: A Comparative Study Using the Modified Clavien System. ( 26382790 )
2015
31
Post-operative quadriplegia as the initial manifestation of tumefactive multiple sclerosis. ( 26195864 )
2015
32
Plasma Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-I+) Levels Correlate with Disease Severity in Spastic Diplegia, Triplegia, and Quadriplegia in Children with Cerebral Palsy. ( 26656070 )
2015
33
Thematic analysis of the experience of group music therapy for people with chronic quadriplegia. ( 25484569 )
2014
34
Respecting autonomy in the setting of acute traumatic quadriplegia. ( 24579092 )
2014
35
Surgical correction of scoliosis in children with spastic quadriplegia: benefits, adverse effects, and patient selection. ( 24715871 )
2014
36
Neuroplasticity of prehensile neural networks after quadriplegia. ( 24857709 )
2014
37
Pesticide-induced quadriplegia in a 55-year-old woman. ( 25354225 )
2014
38
Complications corner: Quadriplegia after a minor hyperextension injury with severe OPLL teaching case and illustrative images. ( 25289162 )
2014
39
Does a Syrinx Matter for Return to Play in Contact Sports? A Case Report and Evidence-Based Review of Return-to-Play Criteria After Transient Quadriplegia. ( 25177422 )
2014
40
The effect of singing training on voice quality for people with quadriplegia. ( 24291444 )
2014
41
Case 1: Transient quadriplegia in a teenager. ( 25414576 )
2014
42
Mechanical ventilation for a child with quadriplegia. ( 25136041 )
2014
43
Concomitant phrenic nerve pacing and lobectomy in a patient with quadriplegia. ( 24607376 )
2014
44
Medicolegal corner: Quadriplegia following chiropractic manipulation. ( 23878767 )
2013
45
Quadriplegia in a child following adenotonsillectomy. ( 23316777 )
2013
46
Infarction of the cervical spinal cord in a 20-year-old healthy man resulting in complete quadriplegia. ( 23605842 )
2013
47
Effect of singing on respiratory function, voice, and mood after quadriplegia: a randomized controlled trial. ( 23103430 )
2013
48
Hypokalemia-induced pseudoischemic electrocardiographic changes and quadriplegia. ( 24176583 )
2013
49
Kinematic characteristics of tenodesis grasp in C6 quadriplegia. ( 22945744 )
2013
50
Quadriplegia after interscalene block for shoulder surgery in sitting position. ( 24108735 )
2013

Variations for Quadriplegia

Expression for Quadriplegia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Quadriplegia.

Pathways for Quadriplegia

GO Terms for Quadriplegia

Cellular components related to Quadriplegia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular vesicle GO:1903561 9.33 ATP1A2 ATP1A3 SPTAN1
2 sodium:potassium-exchanging ATPase complex GO:0005890 9.26 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
3 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex II, succinate dehydrogenase complex (ubiquinone) GO:0005749 8.96 SDHA SDHD
4 myelin sheath GO:0043209 8.92 ATP1A2 ATP1A3 PLP1 SDHA
5 membrane GO:0016020 10.06 ALDH3A2 ATP1A2 ATP1A3 ELOVL4 KANK1 PIK3C2A

Biological processes related to Quadriplegia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 13)
id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cardiac muscle contraction GO:0060048 9.52 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
2 visual learning GO:0008542 9.51 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
3 tricarboxylic acid cycle GO:0006099 9.49 SDHA SDHD
4 potassium ion import GO:0010107 9.48 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
5 cellular sodium ion homeostasis GO:0006883 9.46 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
6 cell communication by electrical coupling involved in cardiac conduction GO:0086064 9.43 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
7 establishment or maintenance of transmembrane electrochemical gradient GO:0010248 9.4 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
8 cellular response to steroid hormone stimulus GO:0071383 9.37 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
9 cellular potassium ion homeostasis GO:0030007 9.32 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
10 ATP hydrolysis coupled transmembrane transport GO:0090662 9.26 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
11 sodium ion export from cell GO:0036376 9.16 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
12 response to glycoside GO:1903416 8.96 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
13 mitochondrial electron transport, succinate to ubiquinone GO:0006121 8.62 SDHA SDHD

Molecular functions related to Quadriplegia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 sodium:potassium-exchanging ATPase activity GO:0005391 9.26 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
2 steroid hormone binding GO:1990239 9.16 ATP1A2 ATP1A3
3 succinate dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) activity GO:0008177 8.96 SDHA SDHD
4 succinate dehydrogenase activity GO:0000104 8.62 SDHA SDHD

Sources for Quadriplegia

3 CDC
7 CNVD
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10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
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42 MeSH
43 MESH via Orphanet
44 MGI
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48 NDF-RT
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54 OMIM
55 OMIM via Orphanet
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60 QIAGEN
65 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67 TGDB
68 Tocris
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70 UMLS via Orphanet
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