MCID: SBS004
MIFTS: 49

Substance Dependence malady

Summaries for Substance Dependence

Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 64Wikipedia, 33MalaCards
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Disease Ontology:8 A substance-related disorder that involves the continued use of alcohol or other drugs despite despite problems related to use of the substance.

MalaCards: Substance Dependence is related to alcohol dependence and bipolar disorder. An important gene associated with Substance Dependence is DRD5 (dopamine receptor D5), and among its related pathways are Presynaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and Dopamine receptors. The compounds (+)-butaclamol and piperazine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, and related mouse phenotypes are taste/olfaction and adipose tissue.

Wikipedia:64 Substance dependence, commonly called drug addiction, is a compulsive need to use drugs in order to... more...

Aliases & Classifications for Substance Dependence

Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 10DISEASES, 45Novoseek, 61UMLS, 57SNOMED-CT, 40NCIt
See all sources

Aliases & Descriptions:

substance dependence 8 10 45 61


External Ids:

Disease Ontology8 DOID:9973
NCIt40 C35458

Related Diseases for Substance Dependence

Sources:
17GeneCards, 18GeneDecks
See all sources

Diseases related to Substance Dependence via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 82)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1alcohol dependence30.9HTR1B, DRD2, ADH7, ADH4, ADH1A, SLC6A4
2bipolar disorder30.8DRD2, SLC6A4
3antisocial personality disorder30.6SLC6A4, HTR1B, DRD2, SLC6A3
4substance abuse30.6DRD3, DRD2, DRD4, OPRM1, CNR1, SLC6A3
5conduct disorder30.6DRD2, DRD4, DRD5, SLC6A3, SLC6A4
6borderline personality disorder30.5SLC6A4, TPH1, HTR1B
7attention deficit hyperactivity disorder30.4SLC6A3, DRD4
8cocaine dependence30.4SLC6A4, SLC6A3, MANEA, CHRNA5, CHRNB4, OPRM1
9heroin dependence30.3DRD4, DRD2
10anxiety disorder30.3SLC6A3, DRD2, CNR1, TPH1, SLC6A4
11nicotine dependence30.3SLC6A4, CHRNA5, CHRNB4, DRD4, DRD2
12bulimia nervosa30.2SLC6A4, HTR1B
13panic disorder29.9DRD4, TPH1, SLC6A4
14morphine dependence29.9OPRK1, OPRD1
15withdrawal disorder29.9CNR1, OPRM1
16pathological gambling29.9DRD2, DRD4, DRD3, SLC6A3
17drug addiction29.9DRD2, DRD3, OPRK1, OPRM1, SLC6A3, OPRD1
18alzheimer's disease29.9DRD3, OPRK1, SLC6A3, DRD2, CNR1, TPH1
19dependent personality disorder10.4
20alexithymia10.4
21bipolar i disorder10.2
22sleep disorder10.1
23chronic pain10.1
24restless legs syndrome10.0DRD2
25neuroblastoma10.0OPRM1
26hypertension10.0SLC6A4
27opiate dependence10.0OPRM1
28myoclonus-dystonia10.0DRD2
29premature ejaculation10.0SLC6A4
30fibromyalgia10.0SLC6A4
31obsessive-compulsive personality disorder10.0SLC6A4
32alcoholic psychosis10.0SLC6A4
33delusional disorder10.0DRD2, DRD4
34multiple system atrophy10.0SLC6A3, DRD2
35narcolepsy10.0DRD2
36cannabis dependence10.0CNR1
37essential tremor10.0DRD3, SLC6A3
38endogenous depression10.0SLC6A4, DRD3
39social phobia10.0SLC6A4, DRD2
40striatonigral degeneration10.0SLC6A3, DRD2
41focal dystonia10.0DRD5, DRD2
42seasonal affective disorder10.0TPH1, DRD4, SLC6A4
43wilson disease10.0DRD2, SLC6A3
44movement disease10.0SLC6A3, DRD2, DRD3
45eating disorder10.0SLC6A4, CNR1, SLC6A3
46anorexia nervosa10.0CNR1, SLC6A4, TPH1, DRD4
47parkinson's disease10.0SLC6A3, CNR1, DRD3, DRD2
48central nervous system disease10.0SLC6A3, CNR1, SLC6A4
49dementia10.0OPRK1, OPRM1, SLC6A3
50schizoaffective disorder10.0DRD3, DRD4, DRD2, SLC6A4

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Substance Dependence:



Diseases related to substance dependence

Clinical Features for Substance Dependence

Drugs & Therapeutics for Substance Dependence

Sources:
5CenterWatch, 42NIH Clinical Center, 6ClinicalTrials, 61UMLS, 41NDF-RT
See all sources

Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Substance Dependence

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Substance Dependence

Search NIH Clinical Center for Substance Dependence

Search CenterWatch for Substance Dependence

Genetic Tests for Substance Dependence

Anatomical Context for Substance Dependence

Sources:
33MalaCards
See all sources

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Substance Dependence:

33
Brain

Animal Models for Substance Dependence or affiliated genes

Sources:
37MGI, 28inGenious Targeting Laboratory
See all sources

Publications for Substance Dependence

Sources:
51PubMed
See all sources

Articles related to Substance Dependence:

(show top 50)    (show all 337)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Concurrent substance abuse is associated with sexual risk behavior among adults seeking treatment for prescription opioid dependence. (24313238)
2014
2
TRICARE; removal of the prohibition to use addictive drugs in the maintenance treatment of substance dependence in TRICARE beneficiaries. Final rule. (24156132)
2013
3
Impact of Physical Health on Treatment for Co-occurring Depression and Substance Dependence. (24223036)
2013
4
A family history of substance dependence obscures the group differences in brain function associated with HIV-1 and ART. (22749564)
2013
5
Measuring historical trauma in an American Indian community sample: contributions of substance dependence, affective disorder, conduct disorder and PTSD. (23791028)
2013
6
Cortical and subcortical volumes in adolescents with alcohol dependence but without substance or psychiatric comorbidities. (23916536)
2013
7
EEG-Neurofeedback in psychodynamic treatment of substance dependence. (24098295)
2013
8
Association of COL25A1 with comorbid antisocial personality disorder and substance dependence. (22297151)
2012
9
Genome-wide association studies of alcohol dependence and substance use disorders. (21253885)
2011
10
Disaggregating the burden of substance dependence in the United States. (22132830)
2011
11
The nuclear transcription factor PKNOX2 is a candidate gene for substance dependence in European-origin women. (21298047)
2011
12
Remission from substance dependence in U.S. Whites, African Americans, and Latinos. (21161807)
2010
13
Posttraumatic stress disorder's role in integrated substance dependence and depression treatment outcomes. (20363091)
2010
14
Adverse childhood events as risk factors for substance dependence: partial mediation by mood and anxiety disorders. (19720467)
2010
15
The relative roles of bipolar disorder and psychomotor agitation in substance dependence. (20565163)
2010
16
Symptoms of substance dependence and risky sexual behavior in a probability sample of HIV-negative men who have sex with men in Chicago. (20219291)
2010
17
A test of the relations between avoidance of panic-related situations and substance use, substance dependence, and depression among subclinical panickers. (19857860)
2010
18
A "community-friendly" version of integrated group therapy for patients with bipolar disorder and substance dependence: a randomized controlled trial. (19573999)
2009
19
The media, substance dependence, and misinformation. (19999863)
2009
20
Trauma, dissociation, and substance dependence in an adolescent male. (19205967)
2009
21
Comorbidity of alcohol and substance dependence with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (18326548)
2008
22
Linkage scan for quantitative traits identifies new regions of interest for substance dependence in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA) sample. (17942244)
2008
23
RE: Patient satisfaction in an inpatient dual psychiatric and substance dependence treatment program. (18309919)
2007
24
Psychological trauma and PTSD symptoms as predictors of substance dependence treatment outcomes. (17531193)
2007
25
Immigration-associated variables and substance dependence. (15830909)
2005
26
Genetic susceptibility to substance dependence. (15583701)
2005
27
From basic research to public health policy: WHO report on the neuroscience of substance dependence. (15345278)
2004
28
WHO report calls for new approach to substance dependence. (15031236)
2004
29
A comparison of personality characteristics of patients with posttraumatic stress disorders and substance dependence: preliminary findings. (14504572)
2003
30
A genome-wide search for quantitative trait loci influencing substance dependence vulnerability in adolescence. (12757967)
2003
31
Comorbidity of alcohol dependence with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: differences in phenotype with increased severity of the substance disorder, but not in genotype (serotonin transporter and 5-hydroxytryptamine-2c receptor). (14574222)
2003
32
Depression and familial risk for substance dependence: a P300 study of young women. (14511795)
2003
33
Future directions in substance dependence research. (12830931)
2003
34
Choice, rationality, and substance dependence. (12189083)
2002
35
The D3 dopamine receptor and substance dependence. (11681590)
2001
36
Substance Dependence Severity Scale: reliability and validity for ICD-10 substance use disorders. (11456080)
2001
37
Antisociality, substance dependence, and the DRD5 gene: a preliminary study. (11054773)
2000
38
Endorsement and concordance of icd-10 versus dsm-iv criteria for substance dependence : Indian perspective. (21407974)
2000
39
The experience of acupuncture for treatment of substance dependence. (12462821)
2000
40
The impact of minor stressful life events and social support on cravings: a study of inpatients receiving treatment for substance dependence. (10972445)
2000
41
Individual differences in electrodermal responsivity to predictable aversive stimuli and substance dependence. (10194966)
1999
42
Achieving effective treatment of patients with chronic psychotic illness and comorbid substance dependence. (10553741)
1999
43
A randomized trial of buprenorphine maintenance for heroin dependence in a primary care clinic for substance users versus a methadone clinic. (9727815)
1998
44
Laboratory measurement of adaptive behavior change in humans with a history of substance dependence. (9787997)
1998
45
Substance dependence. (9713241)
1998
46
Deliberate self-harm and substance dependence: the management of patients seen in the general hospital. (10172623)
1996
47
Reliability of individual diagnostic criterion items for psychoactive substance dependence and the impact on diagnosis. (7475029)
1995
48
A preliminary investigation of alexithymia in men with psychoactive substance dependence. (2386256)
1990
49
An evaluation of the psychoactive substance dependence syndrome in its application to opiate users. (2354277)
1990
50
An ego/self theory of substance dependence: a contemporary psychoanalytic perspective. (6779190)
1980

Genetic Variations for Substance Dependence

Expression for genes affiliated with Substance Dependence

Sources:
1BioGPS, 15Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
See all sources
Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Substance Dependence

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Substance Dependence.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Substance Dependence

Sources:
54Reactome, 52QIAGEN, 30KEGG, 38NCBI BioSystems Database, 12EMD Millipore, 50PharmGKB
See all sources

Pathways related to Substance Dependence according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 15)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1
Hide members
10.1CHRNA5, CHRNB4
210.0DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5
3
Hide members
10.0DRD5, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
410.0DRD5, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
5
Hide members
10.0ADH1A, ADH4, ADH7
6
Hide members
10.0ADH1A, ADH4, ADH7
7
Hide members
10.0ADH1A, ADH4, ADH7
8
Hide members
10.0ADH7, ADH4, ADH1A
9
Hide members
10.0ADH7, ADH4, ADH1A
10
Hide members
9.9DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, CHRNA5
11
Hide members
9.8PICK1, CHRNB4, CHRNA5, SLC6A3
12
Hide members
9.7HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5, SLC6A4
13
Hide members
9.2SLC6A4, HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5
14
Hide members
9.0HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5, OPRK1
15
Hide members
8.9HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5, OPRK1

Compounds for genes affiliated with Substance Dependence

Sources:
29IUPHAR, 45Novoseek, 11DrugBank, 50PharmGKB, 24HMDB, 60Tocris Bioscience, 2BitterDB
See all sources

Compounds related to Substance Dependence according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show top 50)    (show all 263)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1(+)-butaclamol29 4511.3DRD2, DRD5, DRD4, DRD3
2piperazine45 1111.2DRD2, DRD3, SLC6A3, OPRM1, DRD4
3rotigotine45 29 1112.2DRD5, DRD3, DRD4, DRD2
4raclopride45 2911.2DRD4, DRD3, DRD2, SLC6A3
5methylphenidate45 50 1112.2DRD4, SLC6A3, SLC6A4, DRD5, DRD2
6ropinirole45 1111.2HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5
7lisuride29 45 1112.2DRD3, DRD5, HTR1B, DRD4, DRD2
8quinpirole45 2911.2DRD2, SLC6A3, CNR1, DRD4, DRD3
9pergolide29 45 1112.2HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5
10cabergoline29 45 1112.2HTR1B, DRD5, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
11aripiprazole29 50 45 11 2414.2HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5
12roxindole29 4511.2HTR1B, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
13pramipexole45 50 29 1113.1DRD2, HTR1B, SLC6A3, DRD5, DRD4, DRD3
14ziprasidone50 29 45 1113.1DRD5, DRD4, DRD2, DRD3, HTR1B
15bupropion45 50 11 2413.1CNR1, SLC6A3, DRD3, SLC6A4, DRD2
16spiperone29 4511.1DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5
17phencyclidine45 29 1112.1DRD2, DRD4, SLC6A3, OPRM1, OPRD1
18quetiapine45 50 29 11 2414.1SLC6A3, DRD5, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2, HTR1B
19terguride29 4511.1HTR1B, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
20maoa4510.1HTR1B, SLC6A3, SLC6A4, TPH1, DRD2, DRD4
21paroxetine45 50 29 1113.1HTR1B, DRD3, DRD4, SLC6A3, SLC6A4, TPH1
22bromocriptine29 45 1112.1HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, SLC6A3, DRD5
23olanzapine50 45 29 11 2414.1DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5, SLC6A3, HTR1B
24risperidone29 45 50 60 11 2415.1DRD2, DRD4, SLC6A3, HTR1B, DRD3, SLC6A4
25Tapentadol1110.1OPRK1, SLC6A4, OPRM1, OPRD1
26fluoxetine50 45 29 1113.0SLC6A4, DRD2, CNR1, SLC6A3, HTR1B, TPH1
27apomorphine45 29 1112.0CNR1, DRD4, DRD5, DRD3, DRD2, HTR1B
28tramadol45 50 1112.0OPRD1, OPRK1, SLC6A4, OPRM1
29haloperidol45 29 2 50 1114.0OPRM1, DRD2, SLC6A4, SLC6A3, DRD5, DRD4
30nmda45 2911.0SLC6A3, PICK1, OPRK1, OPRD1, OPRM1, CNR1
31beta funaltrexamine4510.0OPRK1, OPRD1, OPRM1
32amphetamine45 1111.0DRD2, SLC6A3, OPRK1, CNR1, DRD4, SLC6A4
336-hydroxydopamine459.9SLC6A3, OPRM1, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
34baclofen45 1110.9CNR1, OPRM1, SLC6A3, OPRD1
35sulpiride45 29 1111.9SLC6A3, DRD4, DRD2, DRD3
36opiate459.9SLC6A3, DRD3, OPRM1, OPRK1, OPRD1, SLC6A4
37morphine45 50 29 1112.9OPRM1, OPRK1, CNR1, DRD2, OPRD1, SLC6A3
38methamphetamine45 50 1111.7PICK1, TPH1, SLC6A4, SLC6A3, OPRM1, OPRD1
395-hydroxytryptamine459.7SLC6A3, SLC6A4, TPH1, CNR1, OPRM1, OPRD1
40heroin45 50 1111.7OPRM1, CNR1, SLC6A3, SLC6A4, DRD3, OPRK1
41gaba459.6TPH1, SLC6A4, SLC6A3, CNR1, OPRM1, DRD4
42levodopa45 1110.6OPRK1, TPH1, SLC6A3, CNR1, OPRM1, DRD5
43cyclic amp45 2410.5OPRK1, DRD5, DRD4, DRD3, HTR1B, CNR1
44cocaine45 1110.5DRD2, HTR1B, DRD3, DRD4, SLC6A4, SLC6A3
45clozapine45 29 50 1112.5DRD3, OPRD1, NQO2, SLC6A3, SLC6A4, DRD4
46norepinephrine45 11 2411.4DRD3, DRD2, DRD4, DRD5, TPH1, SLC6A4
47glutamate459.3SLC6A3, TPH1, DRD3, CNR1, PICK1, OPRD1
48nicotine45 50 29 1112.2OPRD1, CNR1, TPH1, SLC6A4, SLC6A3, DRD2
49acetylcholine45 50 29 11 2413.2SLC6A3, CNR1, OPRM1, TPH1, OPRK1, OPRD1
50dopamine45 29 11 2412.1OPRK1, CNR1, SLC6A3, SLC6A4, TPH1, DRD5

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Substance Dependence

Sources:
16Gene Ontology
See all sources

Cellular components related to Substance Dependence according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1acetylcholine-gated channel complexGO:00589210.1CHRNA5, CHRNB4
2integral to plasma membraneGO:0058878.7SLC6A4, HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5
3plasma membraneGO:0058868.1OPRK1, DRD5, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2, HTR1B

Biological processes related to Substance Dependence according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show top 50)    (show all 56)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1negative regulation of voltage-gated calcium channel activityGO:190138610.6DRD2, DRD4
2negative regulation of dopamine receptor signaling pathwayGO:06016010.6DRD2, DRD3
3positive regulation of dopamine uptake involved in synaptic transmissionGO:05158610.6DRD2, DRD4
4response to histamineGO:03477610.6DRD2, DRD3, DRD4
5regulation of dopamine uptake involved in synaptic transmissionGO:05158410.6DRD2, DRD3
6adenylate cyclase-inhibiting dopamine receptor signaling pathwayGO:00719510.5DRD2, DRD3, DRD4
7adenylate cyclase-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathwayGO:00719110.5DRD3, DRD5, OPRM1
8dopamine metabolic processGO:04241710.5DRD2, DRD3, DRD4
9behavioral response to ethanolGO:04814910.5OPRM1, DRD4, DRD2
10behavioral response to cocaineGO:04814810.5DRD3, DRD2, DRD4
11regulation of cAMP metabolic processGO:03081410.5DRD3, DRD2
12negative regulation of protein secretionGO:05070910.5DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
13arachidonic acid secretionGO:05048210.5DRD2, DRD3, DRD4
14response to morphineGO:04327810.5CNR1, DRD3, DRD2
15prepulse inhibitionGO:06013410.5SLC6A3, DRD3, DRD2
16regulation of dopamine secretionGO:01405910.5HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3
17monoamine transportGO:01584410.5SLC6A4, SLC6A3, PICK1
18reduction of cytosolic calcium ion concentrationGO:05148110.5DRD2, OPRM1
19social behaviorGO:03517610.5DRD3, DRD4, SLC6A4
20G-protein coupled receptor internalizationGO:00203110.5DRD3, DRD2, HTR1B
21response to nicotineGO:03509410.5DRD2, CNR1, SLC6A3
22synaptic transmission, dopaminergicGO:00196310.5DRD5, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
23response to amphetamineGO:00197510.4DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, DRD5
24negative regulation of blood pressureGO:04577610.4CNR1, DRD5, DRD3, DRD2
25phospholipase C-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathwayGO:06015810.4DRD2, DRD5
26negative regulation of adenylate cyclase activityGO:00719410.4OPRM1, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
27adenohypophysis developmentGO:02198410.4DRD2, SLC6A3
28behaviorGO:00761010.4CNR1, OPRM1, OPRK1
29regulation of dopamine metabolic processGO:04205310.4DRD4, SLC6A3
30alcohol metabolic processGO:00606610.4ADH1A, ADH4
31opioid receptor signaling pathwayGO:03800310.4OPRK1, OPRD1
32cellular calcium ion homeostasisGO:00687410.4DRD5, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
33regulation of synaptic transmission, GABAergicGO:03222810.4DRD2, CNR1
34ethanol oxidationGO:00606910.4ADH1A, ADH7, ADH4
35memoryGO:00761310.4SLC6A4, NQO2, CNR1
36behavioral response to nicotineGO:03509510.4CHRNB4, CHRNA5
37sensory perception of painGO:01923310.4OPRK1, OPRM1, CNR1
38phospholipase C-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathwayGO:00720010.3OPRK1, OPRD1, OPRM1
39adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathwayGO:00719310.3OPRM1, OPRD1, OPRK1
40G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway, coupled to cyclic nucleotide second messengerGO:00718710.3HTR1B, OPRD1, OPRM1, CNR1
41negative regulation of synaptic transmission, glutamatergicGO:05196710.3DRD2, HTR1B
42negative regulation of cAMP biosynthetic processGO:03081810.3HTR1B, DRD4
43response to ethanolGO:04547110.2HTR1B, DRD3, CNR1, SLC6A3, ADH7
44sensory perceptionGO:00760010.2OPRK1, OPRM1
45response to cocaineGO:04222010.2SLC6A3, CNR1, DRD5, DRD3, DRD2, HTR1B
46regulation of behaviorGO:05079510.1HTR1B, OPRM1
47locomotory behaviorGO:00762610.1DRD2, DRD3, OPRK1, OPRM1, CHRNB4, SLC6A3
48response to drugGO:04249310.0SLC6A4, SLC6A3, DRD3, DRD2
49response to iron ionGO:0100399.9DRD2, SLC6A3
50synaptic transmissionGO:0072689.8HTR1B, DRD5, OPRK1, PICK1, CHRNB4, CHRNA5

Molecular functions related to Substance Dependence according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 12)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1dopamine neurotransmitter receptor activityGO:00495210.4DRD5, DRD4
2dopamine neurotransmitter receptor activity, coupled via Gi/GoGO:00159110.3DRD2, DRD3, DRD4
3monoamine transmembrane transporter activityGO:00850410.3SLC6A4, SLC6A3
4ligand-gated ion channel activityGO:01527610.2CHRNA5, CHRNB4
5retinol bindingGO:01984110.2ADH4, ADH7
6alcohol dehydrogenase activity, zinc-dependentGO:00402410.2ADH7, ADH4, ADH1A
7alcohol dehydrogenase (NAD) activityGO:00402210.2ADH1A, ADH4, ADH7
8dopamine bindingGO:03524010.1SLC6A3, DRD5, DRD4, DRD3, DRD2
9acetylcholine-activated cation-selective channel activityGO:00488910.1CHRNA5, CHRNB4
10acetylcholine receptor activityGO:01546410.0CHRNA5, CHRNB4
11drug bindingGO:0081449.9HTR1B, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, CNR1, SLC6A3
12retinol dehydrogenase activityGO:0047459.9ADH7, ADH4

Products for genes affiliated with Substance Dependence

  • Antibodies
  • Proteins
  • Lysates
  • Antibodies

Sources for Substance Dependence

3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
29IUPHAR
30KEGG
35MeSH
36MESH via Orphanet
37MGI
40NCIt
41NDF-RT
44NINDS
45Novoseek
47OMIM
48OMIM via Orphanet
51PubMed
52QIAGEN
58SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
61UMLS
62UMLS via Orphanet