MCID: TXC002
MIFTS: 49

Toxic Encephalopathy malady

Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases categories
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Summaries for Toxic Encephalopathy

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NINDS:43 Neurotoxicity occurs when the exposure to natural or manmade toxic substances (neurotoxicants) alters the normal activity of the nervous system. This can eventually disrupt or even kill neurons, key cells that transmit and process signals in the brain and other parts of the nervous system. Neurotoxicity can result from exposure to substances used in chemotherapy, radiation treatment, drug therapies, and organ transplants, as well as exposure to heavy metals such as lead and mercury, certain foods and food additives, pesticides, industrial and/or cleaning solvents, cosmetics, and some naturally occurring substances. Symptoms may appear immediately after exposure or be delayed. They may include limb weakness or numbness; loss of memory, vision, and/or intellect; headache; cognitive and behavioral problems; and sexual dysfunction. Individuals with certain disorders may be especially vulnerable to neurotoxicants.

MalaCards based summary: Toxic Encephalopathy, also known as neurotoxicity, is related to neuropathy and alzheimer's disease. An important gene associated with Toxic Encephalopathy is GSTA3 (glutathione S-transferase alpha 3), and among its related pathways are Cytoplasmic microtubules and Nicotine addiction. The compounds ethacrynic acid and busulfan have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, testes and eye, and related mouse phenotypes are nervous system and behavior/neurological.

Wikipedia:65 Chronic solvent encephalopathy is a degenerative neurologic disorder caused by exposure to toxic... more...

Aliases & Classifications for Toxic Encephalopathy

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Toxic Encephalopathy, Aliases & Descriptions:

Name: Toxic Encephalopathy 8 42 10
Neurotoxicity 8 43
 
Neurotoxicity Syndromes 42
Neurotoxicity Syndrome 8


Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Rare diseases
Anatomical: Neuronal diseases


External Ids:

Disease Ontology8 DOID:3602
MeSH34 D020258
SNOMED-CT57 19466003
NCIt39 C27961
ICD1025 G92

Related Diseases for Toxic Encephalopathy

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Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Toxic Encephalopathy:



Diseases related to toxic encephalopathy

Symptoms for Toxic Encephalopathy

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Toxic Encephalopathy

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Toxic Encephalopathy

Search NIH Clinical Center for Toxic Encephalopathy

Genetic Tests for Toxic Encephalopathy

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Anatomical Context for Toxic Encephalopathy

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Toxic Encephalopathy:

32
Brain, Testes, Eye, Cerebellum

Animal Models for Toxic Encephalopathy or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Toxic Encephalopathy:

36
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00036318.2GRIN2C, CHRNA4, NEFM, NEFH, GPX4
2MP:00053867.6GRIN2C, GPX4, NEFH, NEFM, CHRNA4, GSTA3

Publications for Toxic Encephalopathy

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Articles related to Toxic Encephalopathy:

(show top 50)    (show all 121)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Neem oil poisoning as a cause of toxic encephalopathy in an infant. (24522945)
2014
2
Subacute reversible toxic encephalopathy related to treatment with capecitabine: a case report with literature review and discussion of pathophysiology. (24631316)
2014
3
Ethylene glycol toxic encephalopathy. (24347968)
2013
4
Toxic encephalopathy. (22362126)
2012
5
Toxic encephalopathy in elderly patients during treatment with capecitabine: literature review and a case report. (20926454)
2011
6
Toxic encephalopathy caused by occupational exposure to 1, 2-Dichloroethane. (20163807)
2010
7
Toxic encephalopathy after taking dried seeds of Datura stramonium in two elderly subjects. (19702945)
2009
8
High imipenem blood concentrations associated with toxic encephalopathy in a patient with mild renal dysfunction. (19596561)
2009
9
Toxic encephalopathy and delayed MTX clearance after high-dose methotrexate therapy in a child homozygous for the MTHFR C677T polymorphism. (19031955)
2008
10
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome due to amisulpride in a patient with solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy. (17762322)
2007
11
Visual search and eye movements in patients with chronic solvent-induced toxic encephalopathy. (16765447)
2006
12
Methadone intoxication in a child: toxic encephalopathy? (16970857)
2006
13
Solvent-related chronic toxic encephalopathy as a target in the worker's mental health research. (15558155)
2004
14
Psychological treatment of patients with chronic toxic encephalopathy: lessons from studies of chronic fatigue and whiplash. (12920327)
2003
15
Interaction between smoking and glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms in solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy. (14992466)
2002
16
Toxic encephalopathy associated with use of DEET insect repellents: a case analysis of its toxicity in children. (11339626)
2001
17
Organic solvent induced chronic toxic encephalopathy: extent of recovery, and associated factors, following cessation of exposure. (11130269)
2000
18
Stress management in men with solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy. (10874661)
2000
19
Psychological test performance during experimental challenge to toluene and n-butyl acetate in cases of solvent-induced toxic encephalopathy. (10901114)
2000
20
Criteria for solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy: a systematic review. (11007338)
2000
21
Chronic toxic encephalopathy in a painter exposed to mixed solvents. (10210698)
1999
22
Absence of polyneuropathy among workers previously diagnosed with solvent-induced toxic encephalopathy. (10390702)
1999
23
Possible toxic encephalopathy following high-dose intravenous haloperidol. (9184715)
1997
24
Neuropsychological deficits in patients diagnosed with chronic toxic encephalopathy: which tests are most discriminative? (16318505)
1996
25
Glutathione S-transferase M1 null genotype as a risk modifier for solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy. (8923609)
1996
26
Toxic encephalopathy due to 1,1,1-trichloroethane exposure. (7605490)
1995
27
Toxic encephalopathy due to 1,1,1-trichloroethane. (8331433)
1993
28
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), neurobehavioral testing, and toxic encephalopathy: two cases. (8472665)
1993
29
Toxic encephalopathy. (1348902)
1992
30
Magnetic resonance imaging in toxic encephalopathy due to podophyllin poisoning. (1922761)
1991
31
Chronic toxic encephalopathy investigated using dynamic posturography. (1858979)
1991
32
Cerebrospinal fluid proteins and free amino acids in patients with solvent induced chronic toxic encephalopathy and healthy controls. (2337535)
1990
33
Margosa oil poisoning as a cause of toxic encephalopathy. (2259944)
1990
34
Chronic toxic encephalopathy among house painters with disability pension. (2528611)
1989
35
Computed tomography in patients with dementia probably due to toxic encephalopathy. (3408614)
1988
36
Prospective clinical and psychometric investigation of patients with chronic toxic encephalopathy induced by solvents. (3353695)
1988
37
Computed tomography and psychometric test performances in patients with solvent induced chronic toxic encephalopathy and healthy controls. (3828243)
1987
38
Toxic encephalopathy caused by topically applied diphenhydramine. (3712143)
1986
39
Toxic encephalopathy in a child after brief exposure to insect repellents. (3965068)
1985
40
Acute toxic encephalopathy with symmetrical low density areas in the thalami and the cerebellum. (3872716)
1985
41
Acute fulminant toxic encephalopathy associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. (4022808)
1985
42
Isoniazid-induced acute toxic encephalopathy. (6538670)
1984
43
Prognosis in chronic toxic encephalopathy. A two-year follow-up study in 26 house painters with occupational encephalopathy. (7315195)
1981
44
Toxic encephalopathy with hyperammonaemia during high-dose salicylate therapy. (7395459)
1980
45
Toxic encephalopathy from chlorobenzilate poisoning: report of a case. (737852)
1978
46
Toxic encephalopathy and acute brain-swelling in children. (1102371)
1975
47
Proceedings: Toxic encephalopathy with seizures secondary to ingestion of an explosive material: Composition C-4. A clinical and electroencephalographic study. (4680342)
1972
48
Toxic encephalopathy apparently related to the use of an insect repellent. (13709286)
1961
49
Toxic encephalopathy occurring during topical treatment for tinea capitis. (13109603)
1953
50
Toxic encephalopathy occurring during topical therapy with asterol; report of two cases. (12990336)
1952

Variations for Toxic Encephalopathy

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Expression for genes affiliated with Toxic Encephalopathy

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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Toxic Encephalopathy

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Toxic Encephalopathy.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Toxic Encephalopathy

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Pathways related to Toxic Encephalopathy according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 12)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
Cytoskeleton remodeling Neurofilaments60
9.6NEFH, NEFM
29.6GRIN2C, CHRNA4
39.6GRIN2C, CHRNA4
4
Show member pathways
AhR pathway37
9.5GSTA1, GSTA2
5
Show member pathways
One Carbon Metabolism37
dTMP de novo biosynthesis (mitochondrial)37
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate37
Trans-sulfuration and one carbon metabolism37
methionine salvage37
Methionine metabolism60
9.5GSTA2, GSTA1
6
Show member pathways
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)37
9.3NEFM, NEFH, GRIN2C
79.2GSTA1, GSTA2, GSTA3
88.7GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA1
9
Show member pathways
8.3GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1
10
Show member pathways
7.8GPX4, GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1
11
Show member pathways
7.8GSTA3, GSTA1, GSTT1, GPX4, GSTA2
12
Show member pathways
glutathione-mediated detoxification I37
glutathione redox reactions I37
glutathione redox reactions II37
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification37
Glutathione metabolism60
Glutathione metabolism37
7.8GSTA2, GPX4, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1

Compounds for genes affiliated with Toxic Encephalopathy

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Sources:
44Novoseek, 11DrugBank, 50PharmGKB, 28IUPHAR, 24HMDB, 2BitterDB
See all sources

Compounds related to Toxic Encephalopathy according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 24)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1ethacrynic acid44 1110.7GSTA1, GSTA2
2busulfan44 50 1111.7GSTA2, GSTA1
3cumene hydroperoxide449.4GSTT1, GPX4
4phenobarbital44 28 50 1112.3GSTA1, CHRNA4
5manganese superoxide449.2GSTT1, GPX4
6superoxide44 2410.2NEFM, NEFH, GPX4
7aflatoxin b144 2410.2GSTA1, GSTT1
8malondialdehyde449.2GPX4, GSTT1
9azathioprine44 2 50 1112.2GSTA2, GSTA1
10vitamin-e449.0GSTT1, GPX4
11gsts448.9GSTA1, GSTT1, GSTA2
12Estrone-2,3-quinone248.7GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1
134-Hydroxyestrone-2-S-glutathione248.7GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1
14Estrone-3,4-quinone248.7GSTA1, GSTA3, GSTT1, GSTA2
15oligonucleotide448.7GSTT1, NEFM, GPX4
16S-(PGJ2)-glutathione248.7GSTA1, GSTA3, GSTT1, GSTA2
17noradrenochrome44 249.7GSTA1, GSTA3, GSTT1, GSTA2
182-Hydroxyestrone-1-S-glutathione248.7GSTA1, GSTA3, GSTT1, GSTA2
192-Hydroxyestrone-4-S-glutathione248.6GSTA1, GSTA3, GSTT1, GSTA2
20hydrochloric acid44 249.6GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1
21adrenochrome44 249.6GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1
22sulfate44 249.6GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1
23Glutathione24 119.2GSTA1, GSTA3, GSTT1, GSTA2, GPX4
24Water248.1GPX4, GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Toxic Encephalopathy

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Cellular components related to Toxic Encephalopathy according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neurofibrillary tangleGO:0974189.5NEFM, NEFH
2neurofilamentGO:0058839.3NEFM, NEFH
3cytosolGO:0058297.8GSTA1, GSTA3, GSTT1, GSTA2, GPX4

Biological processes related to Toxic Encephalopathy according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 7)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neurofilament bundle assemblyGO:0336939.6NEFM, NEFH
2epithelial cell differentiationGO:0308559.5GSTA1, GSTA2
3microtubule cytoskeleton organizationGO:0002269.3NEFM, NEFH
4glutathione derivative biosynthetic processGO:19016878.4GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1
5xenobiotic metabolic processGO:0068058.4GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1
6glutathione metabolic processGO:0067498.0GSTA1, GSTA3, GSTT1, GSTA2, GPX4
7small molecule metabolic processGO:0442817.7GPX4, GSTA2, GSTT1, GSTA3, GSTA1

Molecular functions related to Toxic Encephalopathy according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1structural constituent of cytoskeletonGO:0052009.6NEFM, NEFH
2glutathione peroxidase activityGO:0046028.8GSTT1, GPX4
3glutathione transferase activityGO:0043648.2GSTA1, GSTA3, GSTT1, GSTA2

Products for genes affiliated with Toxic Encephalopathy

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Sources for Toxic Encephalopathy

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3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
34MeSH
35MESH via Orphanet
36MGI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
51PubMed
52QIAGEN
58SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
62UMLS
63UMLS via Orphanet