MCID: VNS003
MIFTS: 54

Venous Insufficiency malady

Cardiovascular diseases category

Summaries for Venous Insufficiency

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63Wikipedia, 32MalaCards
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Wikipedia:63 Venous insufficiency can refer to: more...

MalaCards: Venous Insufficiency, also known as peripheral venous insufficiency, is related to multiple sclerosis and skin disease. An important gene associated with Venous Insufficiency is ITGA4 (integrin, alpha 4 (antigen CD49D, alpha 4 subunit of VLA-4 receptor)), and among its related pathways are Malaria and Rheumatoid arthritis. The drugs gotu kola extract and gotu kola liquid and the compounds indomethacin and butyrate have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include skin, endothelial and brain, and related mouse phenotypes are integument and cardiovascular system.

Aliases & Classifications for Venous Insufficiency

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Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 10DISEASES, 60UMLS, 34MeSH, 56SNOMED-CT, 27ICD9CM, 25ICD10
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Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Anatomical: Cardiovascular diseases


Aliases & Descriptions:

venous insufficiency 8 10 60
peripheral venous insufficiency 8


External Ids:

Disease Ontology8 DOID:10128
MeSH34 D014689
SNOMED-CT56 20696009
ICD9CM27 459.81
ICD1025 I87.2

Related Diseases for Venous Insufficiency

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Sources:
17GeneCards, 18GeneDecks
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Diseases related to Venous Insufficiency via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 152)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1multiple sclerosis31.3VCAM1, ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGA4
2skin disease30.1ITGB2, ITGAL, KRT14, KRT10, SELL
3arteriosclerosis29.9VCAM1
4arteriosclerosis obliterans29.9VCAM1
5dermatitis29.9ITGB2, VCAM1
6sarcoma29.9PDGFRB, ITGA4
7vascular disease29.9ITGAM, PLAU, SELL
8tuberculosis29.9ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, SELL
9diabetes mellitus29.9SELL, VCAM1, ITGB2, ITGAM
10systemic lupus erythematosus29.9ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, VCAM1
11vasculitis29.9ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAX, VCAM1, SELL
12breast cancer29.9TGFB3, KRT14, PLAU, CLDN1, CLDN3
13chronic venous leg ulcers10.5
14necrobiosis lipoidica10.3
15cerebritis10.3
16hypertension10.3
17obesity10.2
18arteriovenous fistula10.1
19klippel-trenaunay syndrome10.1
20type i ehlers-danlos syndrome10.1
21cervicitis10.1
22elephantiasis10.1
23essential hypertension10.1
24crohn's disease10.0ITGA4
25peritonitis10.0ITGB2
26sarcoidosis10.0ITGAM
27rhinitis10.0VCAM1
28barrett's esophagus10.0GLTP
29lung cancer10.0PLAU
30multiple myeloma10.0ITGA4
31leukopenia10.0ITGAM
32hepatitis10.0SELL
33encephalomyelitis10.0VCAM1, ITGA4
34ischemia10.0ITGAL, ITGB2
35diabetic retinopathy10.0VCAM1, SELL
36sjogren's syndrome10.0ITGAL
37proteinuria10.0ITGB2
38gastrointestinal system disease10.0CLDN1
39neurofibroma10.0PDGFRB
40shwartzman phenomenon10.0ITGAM, VCAM1
41malignant mesothelioma10.0PDGFRB
42angiosarcoma10.0KRT14
43allergic rhinitis10.0VCAM1
44bronchopulmonary dysplasia10.0SELL, ITGAM
45chordoma10.0PDGFRB, KRT14
46leukocyte adhesion deficiency10.0SELL, ITGB2
47blindness10.0NDP
48mycosis fungoides10.0ITGA4, ITGB2, ITGAL
49pneumonia10.0SELL, ITGAM, ITGA4
50arthritis10.0ITGB2, ITGAM, ITGA4

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Venous Insufficiency:



Diseases related to venous insufficiency

Clinical Features for Venous Insufficiency

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Venous Insufficiency

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Sources:
5CenterWatch, 41NIH Clinical Center, 6ClinicalTrials, 60UMLS, 40NDF-RT
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Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Venous Insufficiency

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Venous Insufficiency

Search NIH Clinical Center for Venous Insufficiency

Search CenterWatch for Venous Insufficiency

Inferred drug relations via UMLS60/NDF-RT40:

Genetic Tests for Venous Insufficiency

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Anatomical Context for Venous Insufficiency

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32MalaCards
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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Venous Insufficiency:

32
Skin, Endothelial, Brain, Heart, Breast, Testes, Monocytes

Animal Models for Venous Insufficiency or affiliated genes

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Sources:
36MGI
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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Venous Insufficiency:

36
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00107719.6PDGFRB, ITGB2, CLDN1, KRT14, KRT10, SELL
2MP:00053859.2NDP, PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGB2, CLDN5, PLAU
3MP:00053979.0ITGB2, ITGAM, ITGA4, PDGFRB, ITGAL, ITGAX
4MP:00053878.9SELL, PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL
5MP:00053848.9ITGB2, ITGAM, ITGA4, PDGFRB, ITGAL, ITGAX
6MP:00053768.6PDGFRB, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, CLDN1, P2RY1

Publications for Venous Insufficiency

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Sources:
50PubMed
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Articles related to Venous Insufficiency:

(show top 50)    (show all 519)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Superficial venous insufficiency from the infernal to the endothermal. (24417822)
2014
2
A randomized controlled trial of a mixed Kinesio taping-compression technique on venous symptoms, pain, peripheral venous flow, clinical severity and overall health status in postmenopausal women with chronic venous insufficiency. (23426563)
2014
3
Effects of kinesio taping on venous symptoms, bioelectrical activity of the gastrocnemius muscle, range of ankle motion, and quality of life in postmenopausal women with chronic venous insufficiency: a randomized controlled trial. (23769763)
2013
4
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in patients with MAcniA"re's disease. (24318422)
2013
5
Treatment of severe chronic venous insufficiency with ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy: A two-year series in a single center in Brazil. (24335090)
2013
6
A systematic review of circulating markers in primary chronic venous insufficiency. (23928282)
2013
7
Intradermal therapy (mesotherapy) with lymdiaral in chronic venous insufficiency and associated fibrosclerotic edema damage: a pilot study. (23621392)
2013
8
Neck duplex Doppler ultrasound evaluation for assessing chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis patients. (22357458)
2013
9
Early clinical improvement in chronic venous insufficiency symptoms after laser ablation of saphenous veins. (22767250)
2012
10
Multiple sclerosis, an unlikely cause of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency: retrospective analysis of catheter venography. (23301144)
2012
11
Catheter venography and endovascular treatment of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency. (22640501)
2012
12
Higher soluble P-selectin is associated with chronic venous insufficiency: the San Diego Population Study. (22892384)
2012
13
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and multiple sclerosis: history and background. (22640498)
2012
14
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and venous stenoses in multiple sclerosis. (22530753)
2012
15
Oral doxycycline with topical tacrolimus for treatment of stasis dermatitis due to chronic venous insufficiency: A pilot study. (22345882)
2012
16
Insufficient and incomplete shaving in chronic venous leg ulcers leads to a poor prognosis of the skin graft: a histomorphological analysis. (21893960)
2011
17
Comment on "no evidence of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency at multiple sclerosis onset". (21681801)
2011
18
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis: diagnostic, pathogenetic, clinical and treatment perspectives. (21864074)
2011
19
VenorutonAr: post thrombotic syndrome. Clinical improvement in venous insufficiency (signs and symptoms) with VenorutonAr. A five-year, open-registry, efficacy study. (22108472)
2011
20
An endovascular treatment of Chronic Cerebro-Spinal Venous Insufficiency in multiple sclerosis patients - 6 month follow-up results. (21876515)
2011
21
Association between chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and multiple sclerosis: a meta-analysis. (21969411)
2011
22
A new cyclodextrin-grafted viscose loaded with aescin formulations for a cosmeto-textile approach to chronic venous insufficiency. (21805331)
2011
23
Multi-disciplinary quality improvement guidelines for the treatment of lower extremity superficial venous insufficiency with ambulatory phlebectomy from the Society of Interventional Radiology, Cardiovascular Interventional Radiological Society of Europe, American College of Phlebology and Canadian Interventional Radiology Association. (19959374)
2010
24
Clinical improvement in chronic venous insufficiency signs and symptoms with VenorutonAr (HR): an 8-month, open-registry, cost-efficacy study. (20657534)
2010
25
The role of perforators in chronic venous insufficiency. (20118341)
2010
26
Endovascular treatment for chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency: is the procedure safe? (21107001)
2010
27
Stents for chronic venous insufficiency: why, where, how and when--a review. (19297912)
2008
28
Mixed arterio-venous insufficiency in random skin flaps in the rat: is the application of medicinal leeches beneficial? (18599082)
2008
29
The nature of skin pigmentations in chronic venous insufficiency: a preliminary report. (17920308)
2008
30
Endovenous laser ablation: venous outcomes and thrombotic complications are independent of the presence of deep venous insufficiency. (18829223)
2008
31
Prevalence and management of ovarian venous insufficiency in the presence of leg venous insufficiency. (18265551)
2007
32
Chronic venous insufficiency - a potential trigger for localized scleroderma. (16405619)
2006
33
Reduction in deep vein reflux after concomitant subfascial endoscopic perforating vein surgery and superficial vein ablation in advanced primary chronic venous insufficiency. (16520170)
2006
34
Service comparison between vascular and general surgery in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency with special reference to preoperative Doppler techniques. (16579255)
2006
35
Venous hypertension induces increased platelet reactivity and accumulation in patients with chronic venous insufficiency. (16703192)
2006
36
Chronic venous insufficiency: clinical assessment and patient selection. (21326690)
2005
37
Effects of elastic stocking on quality of life of patients with chronic venous insufficiency. An Italian pilot study on Triveneto Region. (16355088)
2005
38
Prevalence of chronic venous insufficiency in the Saudi adult population. (15770295)
2005
39
Phlebotonics for venous insufficiency. (16034893)
2005
40
Single nucleotide polymorphisms of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 gene in patients with chronic venous insufficiency with leg ulcer. (15854058)
2005
41
Ask the doctor. After having had vague leg pain for a few months, I finally went to the doctor. She said I have venous insufficiency. What does that mean and what can I do about it? (15273053)
2004
42
The StethoDop: a Doppler stethoscope attachment for investigation of arterial and venous insufficiency of the lower extremities. (15127831)
2004
43
Regarding "Treatment of superficial and perforator venous incompetence without deep venous insufficiency: is routine perforator ligation necessary?". (15134087)
2004
44
Chronic venous insufficiency: the effects of health-care reforms on the cost of treatment and hospitalisation--an Italian perspective. (14687448)
2003
45
Duplex ultrasound evaluation of lower extremity venous insufficiency. (14551269)
2003
46
Micronised purified flavonoid fraction: a review of its use in chronic venous insufficiency, venous ulcers and haemorrhoids. (12487623)
2003
47
Epidemiology of venous insufficiency in an occupational population. (12865883)
2003
48
The efficacy and safety of a coumarin-/troxerutin-combination (SB-LOT) in patients with chronic venous insufficiency: a double blind placebo-controlled randomised study. (12236023)
2002
49
Pharmaco-epidemiology of the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency in general medicine. (12515975)
2002
50
Fluctuating monoplegia due to venous insufficiency by spinal arachnoiditis ossificans. (11018709)
2000

Genetic Variations for Venous Insufficiency

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Expression for genes affiliated with Venous Insufficiency

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Sources:
1BioGPS, 15Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
See all sources
Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Venous Insufficiency

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Venous Insufficiency.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Venous Insufficiency

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Sources:
29KEGG, 4Cell Signaling Technology, 53Reactome, 37NCBI BioSystems Database, 12EMD Millipore, 51QIAGEN
See all sources

Pathways related to Venous Insufficiency according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 39)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
110.3ITGAL
210.2ITGB2, ITGAL
310.2VCAM1, CLDN1, ITGA4
4
Hide members
10.1ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGA4
510.1TGFB3, ITGB2, ITGAM
610.0PLAU, ITGB2, ITGAM
7
Immune response Lectin induced complement pathway
Hide members
10.0ITGAX, ITGB2, ITGAM
810.0CLDN1, CLDN3, CLDN5
910.0ITGAM, ITGAL, ITGAX
10
Hide members
10.0ITGA4, ITGB2, ITGAL, VCAM1
11
Hide members
10.0ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, TGFB3
129.9KRT10, ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGAM
13
Hide members
9.9TGFB3, SELL, PLAU, P2RY1
149.9TGFB3, ITGAX, ITGB2, ITGAM
15
Hide members
9.9CLDN5, CLDN3, CLDN1, KRT14
169.8ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, VCAM1
179.8PDGFRB, ITGB2, ITGAL, VCAM1, TGFB3
18
Hide members
9.7ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
19
Hide members
9.7ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
20
Hide members
9.7ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
21
Hide members
9.7ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
229.7ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
239.7ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
249.6ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX, SELL
25
Hide members
9.6PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
26
Hide members
9.6PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
27
Hide members
9.6PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
28
Hide members
9.6PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
29
Hide members
9.5ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX, VCAM1
30
Hide members
9.5PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
31
Hide members
9.5PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
32
Hide members
9.5PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
339.4ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, CLDN5, CLDN3
34
Hide members
9.3PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
35
Hide members
9.3PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
36
Hide members
9.3PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
37
Hide members
9.3ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX, CLDN5
389.2SELL, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, CLDN5
39
Hide members
9.0ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX, CLDN5

Compounds for genes affiliated with Venous Insufficiency

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Sources:
44Novoseek, 59Tocris Bioscience, 28IUPHAR, 11DrugBank, 24HMDB, 49PharmGKB, 2BitterDB
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Compounds related to Venous Insufficiency according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show top 50)    (show all 92)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1indomethacin44 59 28 1113.5PLAU
2butyrate4410.5ITGAX, ITGAL
3slea4410.4SELL, ITGAL, ITGA4
4polyacrylonitrile4410.4ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGAM
5polysulfone4410.3ITGAM, ITGB2, SELL, VCAM1
6cycloheximide4410.3ITGAX, ITGAM, SELL
7serine4410.3ITGA4, KRT14, ITGB2, ITGAM
8pentoxifylline44 1111.3ITGA4, VCAM1, SELL, ITGB2, ITGAM
9cuprophan4410.2VCAM1, ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGAM, SELL
10rantes4410.2ITGA4, SELL, ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGAM
11prednisolone44 28 1112.2SELL, VCAM1, ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGAM
12slex4410.1ITGAM, SELL, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGA4, VCAM1
13n-formylmethionyl-leucylphenylalanine4410.1ITGAM, ITGAL, ITGAX, SELL, ITGB2
14leukotriene b444 59 2412.1ITGB2, ITGAX, SELL, ITGAL, ITGAM
15simvastatin44 49 59 28 11 2415.1ITGB2, SELL, VCAM1, ITGAL, ITGAM
16endotoxin4410.1ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAM, VCAM1, SELL
17isoproterenol44 1111.1ITGAM, SELL, VCAM1, ITGB2, ITGAL
18cytochalasin d44 5911.1VCAM1, SELL, ITGAX, ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGA4
19sphingosine44 11 2412.1VCAM1, PDGFRB, ITGAL, GLTP, PLAU
20retinoid4410.0ITGB2, PLAU, ITGAM, KRT14, KRT10, SELL
21lovastatin44 49 59 28 1114.0PDGFRB, ITGAL, ITGAM, ITGB2
22oxygen44 2411.0ITGA4, ITGAL, ITGAX, ITGAM, SELL, TGFB3
23phorbol-12-myristate4410.0SELL, ITGAM, ITGAX, ITGB2, PLAU, ITGAL
24calcitriol44 59 11 2413.0KRT10, PLAU, ITGAM, ITGAL, PDGFRB
25phorbol4410.0ITGB2, SELL, ITGAL, ITGAM, PLAU, ITGAX
26heparin44 28 11 2413.0SELL, VCAM1, ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGAM, ITGA4
27paraffin4410.0SELL, KRT10, KRT14, PLAU, PDGFRB, TGFB3
28aspirin44 49 28 2413.0PLAU, P2RY1, ITGAM, SELL, ITGAL
29genistein44 28 59 2 11 2414.9SELL, VCAM1, PLAU, PDGFRB, ITGB2, ITGA4
30fmlp449.9VCAM1, ITGAL, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGAX, ITGB2
31sb 20358044 5910.9ITGB2, PLAU, ITGAM, VCAM1, SELL
32polysaccharide449.9ITGAM, ITGB2, SELL, VCAM1, PLAU
33atorvastatin44 49 28 11 2413.8PLAU, SELL, VCAM1, ITGAM
34superoxide44 2410.8ITGAX, ITGB2, SELL, ITGAM, ITGAL, VCAM1
35dexamethasone44 49 28 1112.8ITGAM, ITGB2, KRT10, SELL, ITGAL, VCAM1
36wortmannin449.8ITGAL, PLAU, VCAM1, ITGAM, P2RY1, ITGA4
37vitamin d449.8ITGAM, PDGFRB, ITGB2, KRT14, KRT10
38fibrinogen449.8PLAU, ITGB2, P2RY1, ITGA4, ITGAX, ITGAM
39phosphatidylinositol449.7VCAM1, PDGFRB, P2RY1, ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGAM
40vegf449.7PLAU, ITGAM, VCAM1, CLDN3, ITGB2, PDGFRB
41nitric oxide44 11 2411.7P2RY1, VCAM1, ITGAX, ITGB2, ITGAM, ITGA4
42alanine449.7SELL, ITGB2, VCAM1, KRT14, PDGFRB, PLAU
43cholesterol44 28 11 2412.7PDGFRB, ITGAL, VCAM1, KRT14, CLDN3, GLTP
44cysteine449.7NDP, PLAU, PDGFRB, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL
45h2o2449.6ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, SELL, PLAU, PDGFRB
46histamine44 28 2411.5PLAU, ITGAM, SELL, ITGB2, VCAM1
47lipid449.5P2RY1, KRT14, VCAM1, ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGAM
48tyrosine449.3SELL, ITGAM, VCAM1, KRT10, TGFB3, KRT14
49retinoic acid44 2410.3ITGAM, PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGB2, ITGAL, VCAM1
50calcium44 49 11 2412.2P2RY1, ITGAL, PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Venous Insufficiency

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Sources:
16Gene Ontology
See all sources

Cellular components related to Venous Insufficiency according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1tight junctionGO:00592310.0CLDN1, CLDN3, CLDN5
2integrin complexGO:0083059.8ITGAX, ITGAL, ITGB2, ITGAM, ITGA4
3external side of plasma membraneGO:0098979.6ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGAL, ITGAX, VCAM1, SELL
4cell surfaceGO:0099869.6NDP, ITGA4, PLAU, VCAM1, TGFB3
5plasma membraneGO:0058868.6PDGFRB, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX

Biological processes related to Venous Insufficiency according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 14)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1chorio-allantoic fusionGO:06071010.3VCAM1, ITGA4
2heterophilic cell-cell adhesionGO:00715710.3VCAM1, ITGAL, ITGA4
3calcium-independent cell-cell adhesionGO:01633810.2CLDN5, CLDN3, CLDN1
4activated T cell proliferationGO:05079810.2ITGAL, ITGAM
5leukocyte cell-cell adhesionGO:00715910.1ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, VCAM1
6agingGO:00756810.1TGFB3, VCAM1, P2RY1
7regulation of receptor activityGO:01046910.1P2RY1, PLAU
8regulation of immune responseGO:05077610.1ITGA4, ITGB2, ITGAL, VCAM1, SELL
9response to hypoxiaGO:00166610.0CLDN3, PLAU, VCAM1, TGFB3
10integrin-mediated signaling pathwayGO:00722910.0ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX
11regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylationGO:0507309.9ITGB2, PDGFRB
12leukocyte migrationGO:0509009.9ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX, SELL
13cell adhesionGO:0071559.7ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX, CLDN1, VCAM1
14blood coagulationGO:0075969.4TGFB3, ITGA4, ITGAM, ITGB2, ITGAL, ITGAX

Molecular functions related to Venous Insufficiency according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cell adhesion molecule bindingGO:05083910.1SELL, VCAM1, ITGAL

Products for genes affiliated with Venous Insufficiency

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  • Antibodies
  • Proteins
  • Lysates
  • Antibodies

Sources for Venous Insufficiency

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3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
34MeSH
35MESH via Orphanet
36MGI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
50PubMed
51QIAGEN
57SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
60UMLS
61UMLS via Orphanet