MCID: VRL007
MIFTS: 53

Viral Encephalitis

Categories: Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases, Infectious diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Viral Encephalitis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Viral Encephalitis:

Name: Viral Encephalitis 12 14 69
Epidemic Encephalitis 12 72
Encephalitis, Arbovirus 41
Arbovirus Encephalitis 69
Encephalitis Viral 51

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:646
MeSH 41 D004671
NCIt 46 C34576

Summaries for Viral Encephalitis

Disease Ontology : 12 An encephalitis that involves inflammation of the brain caused by viral infection.

MalaCards based summary : Viral Encephalitis, also known as epidemic encephalitis, is related to cerebral palsy and japanese encephalitis. An important gene associated with Viral Encephalitis is VCAM1 (Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and ERK Signaling. The drugs Vaccines and Ribavirin have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, t cells and monocytes, and related phenotypes are hematopoietic system and immune system

Wikipedia : 72 Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. Severity is variable. Symptoms may include headache, fever,... more...

Related Diseases for Viral Encephalitis

Diseases in the Encephalitis family:

Viral Encephalitis Autoimmune Encephalitis

Diseases related to Viral Encephalitis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 345)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cerebral palsy 31.6 IL1B IL6 TNF
2 japanese encephalitis 31.1 CCL5 CXCL10 TNF
3 encephalitis 31.1 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B
4 rabies 30.1 CCL5 CXCL10 MX1
5 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 29.7 IL10 IL6 TNF
6 myelitis 29.6 IL6 MBP TNF
7 panencephalitis, subacute sclerosing 29.5 MBP MX1
8 mouth disease 29.0 IL10 IL1B IL6 MX1 TNF
9 meningitis 28.6 CCL2 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
10 viral meningitis 28.4 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL6
11 demyelinating disease 27.7 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B MBP
12 multiple sclerosis 27.0 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
13 malaria 27.0 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
14 eastern equine encephalitis 11.3
15 tick-borne encephalitis 10.5
16 autoimmune myocarditis 10.5 TNF VCAM1
17 angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia 10.4 IL6 TNF
18 critical limb ischemia 10.4 IL6 TNF
19 encephalitozoonosis 10.4 MX1 TNF
20 null-cell leukemia 10.4 IL6 TNF
21 periodontitis, chronic 10.4 IL1B IL6
22 purulent labyrinthitis 10.4 CCL2 IL1B
23 polyposis, gastric 10.4 IL1B TNF
24 anthracosis 10.4 CCL2 TNF
25 retinitis pigmentosa 55 10.4 IL6 TNF
26 systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis 10.4 IL1B TNF
27 eye lymphoma 10.4 IL10 IL6
28 staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome 10.4 IL1B TNF
29 punctate inner choroidopathy 10.4 IL10 TNF
30 von economo's disease 10.4
31 retinitis pigmentosa 73 10.3 CCL2 IL1B
32 tropical endomyocardial fibrosis 10.3 IL10 TNF
33 glossitis 10.3 IL6 TNF
34 kashin-beck disease 10.3 IL1B TNF
35 scleritis 10.3 CCL2 TNF
36 multiple symmetrical lipomatosis 10.3 IL6 VCAM1
37 obesity-hypoventilation syndrome 10.3 CCL5 IL6
38 uremic pruritus 10.3 IL1B IL6
39 pericoronitis 10.3 IL1B VCAM1
40 peripheral artery disease 10.3 CCL2 IL6 VCAM1
41 vulvar vestibulitis syndrome 10.3 IL1B TNF
42 microscopic polyangiitis 10.3 IL10 TNF
43 multifocal choroiditis 10.3 IL10 TNF
44 immune suppression 10.3 IL10 IL6
45 euthyroid sick syndrome 10.3 IL1B IL6
46 endomyocardial fibrosis 10.3 IL10 TNF
47 transient hypogammaglobulinemia 10.3 IL10 TNF
48 encephalopathy, acute, infection-induced 4 10.3
49 allergic encephalomyelitis 10.3 CXCL10 MBP
50 anterior uveitis 10.3 IL6 TNF

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Viral Encephalitis:



Diseases related to Viral Encephalitis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Viral Encephalitis

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Viral Encephalitis:

43
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 9.61 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6 MBP
2 immune system MP:0005387 9.32 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6

Drugs & Therapeutics for Viral Encephalitis

Drugs for Viral Encephalitis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 13)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Vaccines Phase 3
2
Ribavirin Approved Phase 2 36791-04-5 37542
3 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 2
4 Antimetabolites Phase 2
5 Antiviral Agents Phase 2
6 Rho(D) Immune Globulin Phase 2
7 gamma-Globulins Phase 2
8 Immunoglobulins Phase 2
9 Immunoglobulins, Intravenous Phase 2
10 Antibodies Phase 2
11
Maraviroc Approved, Investigational 376348-65-1 3002977
12 Anti-HIV Agents
13 Anti-Retroviral Agents

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 11)

# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Kaiser Permanente HIV Cohort Study Completed NCT01339403 Phase 4
2 Immunogenicity and Safety of Inactivated Vero Cell Derived Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine in Thai Children Completed NCT01408537 Phase 3
3 Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine Coadministered With Measles Vaccine in Infants 9 Months of Age Completed NCT00463684 Phase 3
4 Boosterability of Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine in Children Who Have Previously Received Inactivated JE Vaccine Completed NCT00463476 Phase 3
5 Determining Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine When Given With Measles Vaccine Completed NCT00412516 Phase 3
6 Determining Safety and Efficacy of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine When Given With Measles Vaccine Completed NCT00249769 Phase 3
7 Treatment of Japanese Encephalitis Unknown status NCT00216268 Phase 2 Ribavirin
8 Safety and Efficacy Study of Intravenous Immunoglobulin to Treat Japanese Encephalitis Completed NCT01856205 Phase 2 Intravenous immunoglobulin [ImmunoRelâ„¢ (batch 20081217)]
9 Rijavithi Viral and Mycobacterium PCR Arrays in CNS Infection Study Completed NCT00807378
10 HIV Cohort Study At Johns Hopkins University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Vanderbilt University Completed NCT01339416
11 Prospective Observational Epidemiologic Study of Maraviroc's Safety Active, not recruiting NCT00665561 Maraviroc along with an optimized background antiretroviral drug regimen;Optimized background antiretroviral drug regimen without maraviroc

Search NIH Clinical Center for Viral Encephalitis

Cochrane evidence based reviews: encephalitis, arbovirus

Genetic Tests for Viral Encephalitis

Anatomical Context for Viral Encephalitis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Viral Encephalitis:

38
Brain, T Cells, Monocytes, Thalamus, Neutrophil, Endothelial, B Cells

Publications for Viral Encephalitis

Articles related to Viral Encephalitis:

(show top 50) (show all 333)
# Title Authors Year
1
Macrophage depletion by liposome-encapsulated clodronate suppresses seizures but not hippocampal damage after acute viral encephalitis. ( 29208406 )
2018
2
IFNI^ inhibits G-CSF induced neutrophil expansion and invasion of the CNS to prevent viral encephalitis. ( 29352287 )
2018
3
Viral encephalitis after haplo-identical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Causative viral spectrum, characteristics, and risk factors. ( 28129450 )
2017
4
Viral Encephalitis of Unknown Cause: Current Perspective and Recent Advances. ( 28587310 )
2017
5
The PD-1: PD-L1 pathway promotes development of brain-resident memory T cells following acute viral encephalitis. ( 28407741 )
2017
6
Herpes simplex virus-1 evasion of CD8+ T cell accumulation contributes to viral encephalitis. ( 28891812 )
2017
7
Review of Viral Encephalitis Cases Seen at a Tertiary Care Center in Turkey: Focus on Herpes Simplex Type 1. ( 29033632 )
2017
8
Antiepileptic drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of seizures in viral encephalitis. ( 29210534 )
2017
9
Etiology and prognosis of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in Chinese children: a multicentre prospective study. ( 28705180 )
2017
10
Increased serum vascular endothelial growth factor is associated with acute viral encephalitis in Bangladeshi children. ( 29170534 )
2017
11
Seasonality of Viral Encephalitis and Associated Environmental Risk Factors in Son La and Thai Binh Provinces in Vietnam from 2004 to 2013. ( 27799646 )
2017
12
Epidemiological Profile of Acute Viral Encephalitis. ( 29076102 )
2017
13
Molecular mechanisms of neuroinflammation and injury during acute viral encephalitis. ( 28291542 )
2017
14
The role and mechanism of NF-I_B in viral encephalitis of children. ( 28587430 )
2017
15
Clinical analysis of 59 children with hand foot and mouth diseases due to enterovirus EV71 and concomitant viral encephalitis. ( 29165766 )
2017
16
MicroRNA-125b in peripheral blood: a potential biomarker for severity and prognosis of children with viral encephalitis. ( 28502057 )
2017
17
A Rare and Fatal Case of Viral Encephalitis in an Immunocompetent Host. ( 28183425 )
2017
18
An Increase of Cerebrospinal Fluid B-cell Activating Factor Level in Pediatric Patients With Acute Viral Encephalitis. ( 28259511 )
2017
19
Progressive hippocampal sclerosis after viral encephalitis: Potential role of NMDA receptor antibodies. ( 28750305 )
2017
20
Early and late seizures associated to NiccolA^ Paganini's viral encephalitis. ( 29111003 )
2017
21
Fulminant bilateral acute retinal necrosis syndrome associated with viral encephalitis: A case report. ( 27698716 )
2016
22
Mitochondrial p53 Contributes to Reovirus-Induced Neuronal Apoptosis and Central Nervous System Injury in a Mouse Model of Viral Encephalitis. ( 27307572 )
2016
23
A clinico-radiological study on viral encephalitis patients- A hospital based study. ( 27727853 )
2016
24
Perspectives in Diagnosis and Treatment of Rabies Viral Encephalitis: Insights from Pathogenesis. ( 27324391 )
2016
25
Neuroprotection mediated by inhibition of calpain during acute viral encephalitis. ( 27345730 )
2016
26
Antiepileptic drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of seizures in viral encephalitis. ( 27209627 )
2016
27
Post-malaria neurological syndrome or viral encephalitis? ( 26744539 )
2016
28
Microglia retard dengue virus-induced acute viral encephalitis. ( 27279150 )
2016
29
Epidemiological surveillance of herpes viral encephalitis in Cordoba, Colombia. ( 28453063 )
2016
30
The development of an intervention to promote adherence to national guidelines for suspected viral encephalitis. ( 25889994 )
2015
31
Influence of malnutrition on adverse outcome in children with confirmed or probable viral encephalitis: a prospective observational study. ( 25695076 )
2015
32
Epidemiological features of viral encephalitis in Cangzhou of China with use of multiplex RT-PCR for five RNA viruses. ( 26118966 )
2015
33
The evaluation of a tailored intervention to improve the management of suspected viral encephalitis: protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial. ( 25623603 )
2015
34
Viral encephalitis in travellers. ( 25650207 )
2015
35
Herpes Simplex Viral Encephalitis Masquerading as a Classic Left MCA Stroke. ( 26770849 )
2015
36
Clinical characteristics and outcome of clinically diagnosed viral encephalitis in southwest China. ( 26205533 )
2015
37
Differential Diagnosis of Restricted Diffusion of the Thalamus-Focus on Viral Encephalitis. ( 26425255 )
2015
38
Probable toxic cause for suspected lychee-linked viral encephalitis. ( 25897979 )
2015
39
Viral encephalitis complicated by acute retinal necrosis syndrome: A case report. ( 26622338 )
2015
40
Early microlesion of viral encephalitis confirmed by galectin-3 expression after a virus inoculation. ( 25736950 )
2015
41
Gliomatosis cerebri mimicking viral encephalitis in a 4-year-old child. ( 24717581 )
2014
42
Acute psychosis followed by fever--malignant neuroleptic syndrome or viral encephalitis? ( 25039118 )
2014
43
Antiepileptic drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of seizures in viral encephalitis. ( 25300175 )
2014
44
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 is upregulated in activated microglia in mice cerebellum during acute viral encephalitis. ( 24530381 )
2014
45
Clinical approach to the syndromes of viral encephalitis, myelitis, and meningitis. ( 25015482 )
2014
46
Defining the chemokine basis for leukocyte recruitment during viral encephalitis. ( 24899190 )
2014
47
Immune system's role in viral encephalitis. ( 25189678 )
2014
48
Clinical presentation of severe viral encephalitis with known causative agents in children: a retrospective study on 16 patients hospitalized in a pediatric intensive care unit (2008-2011). ( 24464514 )
2014
49
Secondary viral encephalitis in a patient with pyogenic liver abscess. ( 24967776 )
2014
50
Acute viral encephalitis co-existing with fulminant hepatitis caused by Epstein-Barr virus. ( 25041777 )
2014

Variations for Viral Encephalitis

Expression for Viral Encephalitis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Viral Encephalitis.

Pathways for Viral Encephalitis

Pathways related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 64)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.99 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
2
Show member pathways
13.79 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
3
Show member pathways
13.64 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
4
Show member pathways
13.5 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6
5
Show member pathways
13.41 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
6
Show member pathways
13.33 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
7
Show member pathways
13.3 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
8
Show member pathways
12.98 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
9
Show member pathways
12.85 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
10
Show member pathways
12.83 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL1B IL6
11
Show member pathways
12.76 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
12
Show member pathways
12.62 CCL2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
13
Show member pathways
12.57 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
14 12.57 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B PTGS1
15
Show member pathways
12.52 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
16
Show member pathways
12.43 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
17
Show member pathways
12.42 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B IL6 PTGS1 TNF
18
Show member pathways
12.41 CCL2 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
19
Show member pathways
12.3 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
20 12.26 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
21
Show member pathways
12.25 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
22 12.24 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
23
Show member pathways
12.23 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 MX1 TNF
24
Show member pathways
12.21 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 VCAM1
25 12.14 CCL2 IL1B TNF VCAM1
26
Show member pathways
12.04 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8
27
Show member pathways
11.99 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
28 11.99 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
29 11.99 CCL2 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 MBP
30 11.97 IL10 IL6 TNF
31 11.97 CCL2 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1
32 11.94 CXCL8 IL1B TNF VCAM1
33 11.93 CXCL8 IL1B IL6
34 11.92 CCL2 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
35 11.91 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
36 11.89 IL1B IL6 TNF
37 11.87 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
38 11.83 CXCL8 IL1B IL6
39 11.83 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
40 11.83 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
41 11.8 IL10 IL1B TNF
42 11.77 IL10 IL6 TNF VCAM1
43
Show member pathways
11.77 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1
44 11.68 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
45 11.68 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
46 11.57 CCL2 IL1B TNF
47 11.53 IL1B IL6 TNF
48 11.47 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
49 11.45 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1
50 11.42 CCL5 IL1B IL6

GO Terms for Viral Encephalitis

Cellular components related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.56 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
2 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.28 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B

Biological processes related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 61)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cell-cell signaling GO:0007267 9.98 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B
2 response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0032496 9.93 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B VCAM1
3 MAPK cascade GO:0000165 9.92 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B MBP TNF
4 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0019221 9.9 CCL2 IL1B IL6
5 positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity GO:0051092 9.89 IL1B IL6 TNF
6 chemotaxis GO:0006935 9.88 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8
7 defense response GO:0006952 9.88 CXCL10 CXCL8 MX1 TNF
8 cellular response to tumor necrosis factor GO:0071356 9.86 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 VCAM1
9 response to virus GO:0009615 9.85 CCL5 CXCL10 MX1 TNF
10 cellular response to interleukin-1 GO:0071347 9.84 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8
11 positive regulation of DNA binding transcription factor activity GO:0051091 9.84 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
12 regulation of insulin secretion GO:0050796 9.83 CCL5 IL1B TNF
13 response to glucocorticoid GO:0051384 9.83 IL10 IL6 TNF
14 positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation GO:0048661 9.82 CCL5 IL6 TNF
15 humoral immune response GO:0006959 9.81 CCL2 IL6 TNF
16 cellular response to organic cyclic compound GO:0071407 9.81 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
17 chemokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0070098 9.8 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8
18 positive regulation of interleukin-6 production GO:0032755 9.79 IL1B IL6 TNF
19 monocyte chemotaxis GO:0002548 9.79 CCL2 CCL5 IL6
20 negative regulation of viral genome replication GO:0045071 9.78 CCL5 MX1 TNF
21 cell chemotaxis GO:0060326 9.78 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 VCAM1
22 regulation of receptor activity GO:0010469 9.76 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
23 cellular response to fibroblast growth factor stimulus GO:0044344 9.74 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8
24 negative regulation of myoblast differentiation GO:0045662 9.73 CXCL10 TNF
25 positive regulation of NF-kappaB import into nucleus GO:0042346 9.73 IL1B TNF
26 positive regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation GO:1904707 9.73 IL10 TNF
27 neutrophil chemotaxis GO:0030593 9.73 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 IL1B
28 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0071222 9.73 CCL2 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL6 TNF
29 positive regulation of interleukin-6 secretion GO:2000778 9.72 IL1B MBP
30 positive regulation of chemokine production GO:0032722 9.72 IL6 TNF
31 positive regulation of JAK-STAT cascade GO:0046427 9.71 CCL5 IL6
32 embryonic digestive tract development GO:0048566 9.71 CXCL8 TNF
33 negative regulation of lipid catabolic process GO:0050995 9.71 IL1B TNF
34 positive regulation of monocyte chemotaxis GO:0090026 9.71 CCL5 CXCL10
35 leukocyte tethering or rolling GO:0050901 9.71 TNF VCAM1
36 positive regulation of T cell proliferation GO:0042102 9.71 CCL5 IL1B IL6 VCAM1
37 positive regulation of membrane protein ectodomain proteolysis GO:0051044 9.7 IL1B TNF
38 negative regulation of growth of symbiont in host GO:0044130 9.7 IL10 TNF
39 regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling GO:0043122 9.7 IL1B TNF
40 positive regulation of T cell migration GO:2000406 9.7 CCL5 CXCL10
41 macrophage chemotaxis GO:0048246 9.69 CCL2 CCL5
42 response to molecule of bacterial origin GO:0002237 9.69 CXCL8 IL10
43 PERK-mediated unfolded protein response GO:0036499 9.69 CCL2 CXCL8
44 negative regulation of G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway GO:0045744 9.68 CCL5 CXCL8
45 neutrophil activation GO:0042119 9.68 CCL5 CXCL8
46 negative regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion GO:0034115 9.68 IL10 MBP
47 negative regulation of lipid storage GO:0010888 9.67 IL6 TNF
48 positive regulation of chemokine biosynthetic process GO:0045080 9.67 IL1B TNF
49 endothelial cell apoptotic process GO:0072577 9.67 IL10 TNF
50 protein kinase B signaling GO:0043491 9.67 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF

Molecular functions related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 chemokine activity GO:0008009 9.26 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8
2 cytokine activity GO:0005125 9.23 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B

Sources for Viral Encephalitis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
27 GO
28 GTR
29 HGMD
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 MedGen
41 MeSH
42 MESH via Orphanet
43 MGI
45 NCI
46 NCIt
47 NDF-RT
50 NINDS
51 Novoseek
53 OMIM
54 OMIM via Orphanet
58 PubMed
60 QIAGEN
65 SNOMED-CT via HPO
66 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67 TGDB
68 Tocris
69 UMLS
70 UMLS via Orphanet
Content
Loading form....