MCID: ACL001
MIFTS: 38

Acalculous Cholecystitis

Categories: Gastrointestinal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Acalculous Cholecystitis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Acalculous Cholecystitis:

Name: Acalculous Cholecystitis 12 44 15 73
Acute Cholecystitis Without Calculus 12 73
Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis 12
Cholecystitis Without Calculus 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:2828
MeSH 44 D042101
NCIt 50 C35578
SNOMED-CT 68 19968009
ICD10 33 K81.9

Summaries for Acalculous Cholecystitis

MalaCards based summary : Acalculous Cholecystitis, also known as acute cholecystitis without calculus, is related to leptospirosis and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. An important gene associated with Acalculous Cholecystitis is CCK (Cholecystokinin). The drugs Amoxicillin and Ketamine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include liver, bone and bone marrow, and related phenotype is renal/urinary system.

Related Diseases for Acalculous Cholecystitis

Diseases related to Acalculous Cholecystitis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 149)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 leptospirosis 30.5 CD40LG CRP
2 hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome 30.1 CD40LG CRP
3 intussusception 30.1 CD40LG CRP
4 scrub typhus 30.0 CD40LG CRP
5 cholangitis 30.0 CD40LG CRP
6 purpura 30.0 CD40LG CRP
7 acute pancreatitis 30.0 CCK CRP
8 mononeuritis multiplex 29.9 CD40LG CRP
9 brucellosis 29.7 CD40LG CRP
10 vasculitis 29.7 CD40LG CRP
11 pancreatitis 29.6 CCK CRP
12 meningitis 29.5 CD40LG CRP
13 pneumonia 29.4 CD40LG CRP
14 cholecystitis 11.9
15 hepatitis 10.5
16 systemic lupus erythematosus 10.4
17 lupus erythematosus 10.4
18 bacteremia 2 10.3 CRP GUSB
19 dengue virus 10.3
20 pancreas disease 10.3 CCK CRP
21 hepatitis a 10.3
22 burns 10.3
23 dengue disease 10.3
24 typhoid fever 10.3
25 necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis 10.2 CD40LG GUSB
26 malaria 10.2
27 hemorrhagic fever 10.2
28 bronchopneumonia 10.2 CD40LG GUSB
29 renal cell carcinoma, nonpapillary 10.1
30 leukemia 10.1
31 endocarditis 10.1
32 morbid obesity 10.1 CCK CRP
33 acute maxillary sinusitis 10.1 CD40LG CRP
34 japanese spotted fever 10.1 CD40LG CRP
35 suppurative otitis media 10.1 CD40LG CRP
36 epididymitis 10.1 CD40LG CRP
37 dressler's syndrome 10.1 CD40LG CRP
38 hypersensitivity vasculitis 10.1 CD40LG CRP
39 central nervous system vasculitis 10.1 CD40LG CRP
40 q fever 10.1
41 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 10.1
42 appendicitis 10.1
43 cytomegalovirus infection 10.1
44 hypersensitivity reaction type iii disease 10.1 CD40LG CRP
45 pyelitis 10.1 CD40LG CRP
46 streptococcal meningitis 10.1 CD40LG CRP
47 endocardium disease 10.1 CD40LG CRP
48 granulomatous hepatitis 10.1 CD40LG CRP
49 dirofilariasis 10.1 CD40LG CRP
50 multiple cranial nerve palsy 10.1 CD40LG CRP

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Acalculous Cholecystitis:



Diseases related to Acalculous Cholecystitis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Acalculous Cholecystitis

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Acalculous Cholecystitis:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 renal/urinary system MP:0005367 8.92 CCK CD40LG GUSB POR

Drugs & Therapeutics for Acalculous Cholecystitis

Drugs for Acalculous Cholecystitis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 187)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Amoxicillin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3 26787-78-0 33613
2
Ketamine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Not Applicable 6740-88-1 3821
3 Nefopam Approved, Investigational Phase 4 13669-70-0
4
Remifentanil Approved Phase 4,Not Applicable 132875-61-7 60815
5
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Not Applicable 137-58-6 3676
6
Dexmedetomidine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 113775-47-6 68602 5311068
7
Fentanyl Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 437-38-7 3345
8
Propofol Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4,Not Applicable 2078-54-8 4943
9
Metronidazole Approved Phase 4 443-48-1 4173
10
Etoricoxib Approved, Investigational Phase 4 202409-33-4 123619
11
Ceftriaxone Approved Phase 4,Phase 2 73384-59-5 5479530 5361919
12
Minocycline Approved, Investigational Phase 4 10118-90-8 5281021
13
Tigecycline Approved Phase 4 220620-09-7 5282044
14
Ursodeoxycholic acid Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Not Applicable 128-13-2 31401
15
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Not Applicable 1994-09-7, 94-09-7 2337
16
Rocuronium Approved Phase 4 119302-91-9, 143558-00-3 441290
17
Vitamin C Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4,Not Applicable 50-81-7 5785 54670067
18 tannic acid Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4,Not Applicable
19 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
20 Antibiotics, Antitubercular Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
21 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
22 Coagulants Phase 4
23 Hemostatics Phase 4
24 Analgesics Phase 4,Phase 2,Not Applicable
25 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 4,Phase 2
26 Anesthetics Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Not Applicable
27 Anesthetics, Dissociative Phase 4,Not Applicable
28 Anesthetics, General Phase 4,Not Applicable
29 Anesthetics, Intravenous Phase 4,Not Applicable
30 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4,Not Applicable
31 Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists Phase 4,Not Applicable
32 Excitatory Amino Acids Phase 4,Not Applicable
33 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Not Applicable
34 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Not Applicable
35 Anesthetics, Local Phase 4,Not Applicable
36 Anti-Arrhythmia Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
37 Diuretics, Potassium Sparing Phase 4,Not Applicable
38 Sodium Channel Blockers Phase 4,Not Applicable
39 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Not Applicable
40 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Not Applicable
41 Adrenergic Agents Phase 4,Phase 2
42 Adrenergic Agonists Phase 4
43 Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists Phase 4
44 Adrenergic alpha-Agonists Phase 4
45 Analgesics, Opioid Phase 4,Not Applicable
46 Hypnotics and Sedatives Phase 4,Not Applicable
47 Narcotics Phase 4,Not Applicable
48 Antiparasitic Agents Phase 4
49 Antiprotozoal Agents Phase 4
50 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 4,Phase 2

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 129)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Extended Antibiotic Therapy in Postoperative of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Acute Cholecystitis Unknown status NCT02057679 Phase 4 Amoxicillin clavulanic;Placebo
2 Efficacy and Safety of Floseal for the Haemostasis During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Acute Cholecystitis (GLA) Unknown status NCT01126281 Phase 4
3 Effect of Intraoperative Nefopam on Acute Pain After Remifentanil Based Anesthesia Unknown status NCT02493231 Phase 4 Nefopam;Ketamine;Saline
4 Uncovered Self-expandable Metal Stent Versus Double Layer Plastic Stent for Malignant Hilar Stricture Unknown status NCT01125865 Phase 4
5 Anesthesia With Propofol, Dexmedetomidine and Lidocaine Infusions for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Completed NCT01833819 Phase 4 Dexmedetomidine and lidocaine;Remifentanil
6 DGT Versus TPS in Patients With Initial PD Cannulation by Chance; Prospective Multi-center Study Completed NCT01744847 Phase 4
7 Pain Post Abdominal Laparoscopy Prevention With Arcoxia Completed NCT00565682 Phase 4 etoricoxib 120 mg
8 Vitamin C Efficacy in Reducing Post Operative Pain Completed NCT01322061 Phase 4 Ascorbic Acid
9 Study Comparing Tigecycline Versus Ceftriaxone Sodium Plus Metronidazole in Complicated Intra-abdominal Infection Completed NCT00195351 Phase 4 tigecycline;ceftriaxone sodium + metronidazole
10 Biliary Metal Stent Study: Metal Stents for Management of Distal Malignant Biliary Obstruction Completed NCT00280709 Phase 4
11 UDCA for Symptomatic Gallstone Disease Completed NCT00161083 Phase 4 ursodeoxycholic acid
12 Study Comparing Tigecycline Versus Ceftriaxone Sodium Plus Metronidazole in Complicated Intra-abdominal Infection (cIAI) Completed NCT00230971 Phase 4 tigecycline;ceftriaxone plus metronidazole
13 Covered vs. Uncovered SEMS for Occluded Biliary Metal Stents Completed NCT01315522 Phase 4
14 Deep Versus Moderate Neuromuscular Blockade During Laparoscopic Surgery Enrolling by invitation NCT02812186 Phase 4 Rocuronium
15 Outcome of IV Acetaminophen Use in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomies in Patients at Risk of OSA Withdrawn NCT02056678 Phase 4 acetaminophen, IV preparation
16 Drainage is Not Necessary Procedure After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Due to Severe Acute Cholecystitis Unknown status NCT01625247 Phase 3
17 Single Port Access (SPA) Cholecystectomy Versus Standard Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Unknown status NCT00904865 Phase 2, Phase 3
18 Piperacllin Versus Placebo in Patients Undergoing Surgery for Acute Cholecystitis Completed NCT02619149 Phase 3 Piperacillin-tazobactam combination product;Saline solution
19 Acute Cholecystitis - Early Laparoscopic Surgery Versus Antibiotic Therapy and Delayed Elective Cholecystectomy Completed NCT00447304 Phase 3 moxifloxacin
20 Place of Antibiotics in the Postoperative Acute Lithiasic Cholecystitis Completed NCT01015417 Phase 3 Amoxicillin clavulanic acid
21 Doripenem in the Treatment of Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections Completed NCT00229060 Phase 3 doripenem
22 Doripenem in the Treatment of Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections Completed NCT00210938 Phase 3 Doripenem
23 Small-incision Open Cholecystectomy or Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Gallbladder Disease Completed NCT00370344 Phase 2, Phase 3
24 Early Antiretroviral Treatment and/or Early Isoniazid Prophylaxis Against Tuberculosis in HIV-infected Adults (ANRS 12136 TEMPRANO) Completed NCT00495651 Phase 3 Antiretroviral medications;Antiretroviral medications+Isoniazid prophylaxis;Antiretroviral medications;Antiretroviral medications+Isoniazid prophylaxis
25 Surgery Or Lifestyle Intervention for Type 2 Diabetes (SOLID) Completed NCT01040468 Phase 3
26 A Prospective Validation Study of Albumin Kinetics With Tracer 123 I-HSA Completed NCT01686776 Phase 3
27 Comparison of Endoscopic Sphincterotomy Plus Large-balloon Dilatation and Conventional Treatment for Large CBD Stones Completed NCT02592811 Phase 3
28 A Clinical Trial to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of MK-0653C in Japanese Participants With Hypercholesterolemia (MK-0653C-383) Completed NCT02550288 Phase 3 Ezetimibe 10 mg;Atorvastatin 10 mg;Placebo for Ezetimibe 10 mg tablet;Placebo for Atorvastatin 10 mg capsule
29 A Clinical Trial to Assess the Long Term Safety and Tolerability of MK-0653C in Japanese Participants With Hypercholesterolemia (MK-0653C-384) Completed NCT02460159 Phase 3 EZ 10 mg/Atorva 20 mg FDC;EZ 10 mg/Atorva 10 mg FDC
30 A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of MK-0653H in Japanese Participants With Hypercholesterolemia (MK-0653H-832) Completed NCT02741245 Phase 3 Ezetimibe 10 mg;Rosuvastatin 2.5 mg;Placebo for Ezetimibe;Placebo for Rosuvastatin
31 BDD With UDCA Therapy After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Recruiting NCT03578055 Phase 3 BDD with UDCA;Placebo
32 A Randomized Controlled Trial on EGBD vs PC for Acute Cholecystitis. Active, not recruiting NCT02212717 Phase 2, Phase 3
33 Natural Orifice Transgastric Endoscopic Surgical Removal of the Gallbladder Unknown status NCT01174069 Phase 1, Phase 2
34 Does it Make Sense to Give Postoperative Antibiotics to Patients With an Uncomplicated Acute Cholecystitis Completed NCT00323648 Phase 2 Whether or not giving postoperatively antibiotics to patients with an uncomplicated acute cholecystitis
35 Comparisons of Intravenous Ceftriaxone With Intravenous Moxifloxacin in ERCP Completed NCT02098486 Phase 2 Moxifloxacin;ceftriaxone
36 Yttrium-90 Radioembolization With Glass Microspheres (TheraSphere) for Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Terminated NCT01290523 Phase 2
37 Safety and Tolerability of Rituxan With Methotrexate and Etanercept or Methotrexate and Adalimumab in Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis Terminated NCT00298272 Phase 2 Placebo;Methotrexate;Etanercept;Adalimumab;Methylprednisolone
38 Near Infrared Fluorescence Cholangiography (NIRF-C) During Cholecystectomy -- Use in Acute Cholecystitis Sub-Study Completed NCT02070627 Phase 1 Indocyanine Green (ICG)
39 Transvaginal Cholecystectomy Using Endoscopic Assistance Withdrawn NCT00815438 Phase 1
40 Acute Cholecystitis: Early Versus Delayed Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy; Randomized Prospective Study Unknown status NCT02130245 Not Applicable
41 Transient ECG Changes in Patients With Acute Biliary Disease Unknown status NCT01706068
42 Comparison of Effect on Quality of Recovery Outcome Between Systemic Lidocaine and Dexamethasone in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Unknown status NCT02224170 Not Applicable Lidocaine;Dexamethasone
43 Role of the Right Portal Pedicle and Rouviere's Sulcus as an Anatomic Landmark in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Unknown status NCT02133027 Not Applicable
44 Efficacy of Proficiency-based Versus Free Laparoscopic Training in Cholecystectomy on a Virtual Reality Simulator Unknown status NCT01615549 Not Applicable
45 Prospective Validation of "Cholecystectomy First" Strategy for Gallstone Migration Unknown status NCT02461147
46 Functional MRC With Eovist for Acute Cholecystitis Completed NCT02100358
47 Correlation Between Power Doppler and Intraoperative Findings of Chronic and Acute Cholecystitis Completed NCT02156947
48 The Real World of Acute Cholecystitis Completed NCT02796443
49 FDG-PET/CT in the Evaluation of Patients With Suspected Cholecystitis Completed NCT00590395 Not Applicable 18FDG (an FDA-approved radiopharmaceutical)
50 Harmonic in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis Completed NCT00746850 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Acalculous Cholecystitis

Cochrane evidence based reviews: acalculous cholecystitis

Genetic Tests for Acalculous Cholecystitis

Anatomical Context for Acalculous Cholecystitis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Acalculous Cholecystitis:

41
Liver, Bone, Bone Marrow, Colon, Breast, Smooth Muscle, Spinal Cord

Publications for Acalculous Cholecystitis

Articles related to Acalculous Cholecystitis:

(show top 50) (show all 520)
# Title Authors Year
1
Acute acalculous cholecystitis of an intrahepatic gallbladder causing Mirizzi's syndrome. ( 29654105 )
2018
2
Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis in Hospitalized Patients With Hematologic Malignancies and Prognostic Importance of Gallbladder Ultrasound Findings. ( 29708270 )
2018
3
Conservative Management of Acalculous Cholecystitis in a Seven-year-old Child. ( 29564197 )
2018
4
Acute acalculous cholecystitis: A new safety risk for patients with MS treated with alemtuzumab. ( 29602912 )
2018
5
An acute acalculous cholecystitis in a returned travel couple. ( 29518083 )
2018
6
Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis in the Setting of Negative Ultrasound and Computed Tomography Scan of the Abdomen. ( 29719745 )
2018
7
Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis in Burns: A Review. ( 29931066 )
2018
8
Infectious mononucleosis - not always a benign condition: a case report of infectious mononucleosis-associated acute acalculous cholecystitis. ( 29490709 )
2018
9
Riddle Me This: Acalculous Cholecystitis as an Unusual Complication of Immunoglobulin M Negative Mononucleosis. ( 29930883 )
2018
10
Leptospirosis presenting as acute acalculous cholecystitis. ( 29152269 )
2017
11
Hepatitis A with Superadded Salmonella paratyphi A Infection Presenting with Exudative Pleural Effusion and Acalculous Cholecystitis. ( 28667735 )
2017
12
Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis Caused by Giardia lamblia. ( 28674353 )
2017
13
Acalculous Cholecystitis: Is an Elective Interval Cholecystectomy Necessary? ( 28704814 )
2017
14
Successful treatment using corticosteroid combined antibiotic for acute acalculous cholecystitis patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. ( 28682919 )
2017
15
Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis: A Rare Presentation of Primary Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Adults-Case Report and Review of the Literature. ( 28194287 )
2017
16
Acute acalculous cholecystitis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: A unique form of disease flare. ( 28355987 )
2017
17
Acalculous Cholecystitis in a Pediatric Patient with Plasmodium falciparum Infection: A Case Report and Literature Review. ( 28787387 )
2017
18
Risk factors for poor outcomes of children with acute acalculous cholecystitis. ( 28499592 )
2017
19
Neutropenic acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) in a 12-year-old boy with T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia successfully managed with conservative treatment. ( 28085529 )
2017
20
Acalculous cholecystitis in a female with cardiac device-related infective endocarditis. ( 28987045 )
2017
21
Role of percutaneous cholecystostomy for acute acalculous cholecystitis: clinical outcomes of 271 patients. ( 29116391 )
2017
22
Acute acalculous cholecystitis during Zika virus infection in an immunocompromised patient. ( 29171859 )
2017
23
Allopurinol-Induced Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms Syndrome: A Cause of Acalculous Cholecystitis? ( 29057181 )
2017
24
Is cholecystectomy the treatment of choice for acute acalculous cholecystitis? A systematic review of the literature. ( 28776380 )
2017
25
Severe Murine Typhus Presenting with Acalculous Cholecystitis: A Case Report and Literature Review. ( 28473857 )
2017
26
Acalculous Cholecystitis in Burn Patients: Is There a Role for Percutaneous Cholecystostomy? ( 28576245 )
2017
27
Acute acalculous cholecystitis in systemic lupus erythematosus: a rare initial manifestation. ( 27037657 )
2016
28
Acute acalculous cholecystitis caused by Hepatitis C: A rare case report. ( 26722714 )
2016
29
A Complicated Course of Acute Viral Induced Pharyngitis, Icteric Hepatitis, Acalculous Cholecystitis, and Skin Rash. ( 27847520 )
2016
30
Another Report of Acalculous Cholecystitis in a Greek Patient with Infectious Mononucleosis: A Matter of Luck or Genetic Predisposition? ( 26885417 )
2016
31
Disseminated visceral varicella zoster virus presenting with the constellation of colonic pseudo-obstruction, acalculous cholecystitis and syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion. ( 26899893 )
2016
32
Genotype 1 hepatitis E virus infection with acute acalculous cholecystitis as an extrahepatic symptom: a case report. ( 27433137 )
2016
33
A case of acalculous cholecystitis in the course of dengue fever in a traveller returned from Brazil. ( 27029928 )
2016
34
Acute acalculous cholecystitis due to breast cancer metastasis to the cystic duct. ( 27730536 )
2016
35
Acute acalculous cholecystitis in systemic lupus erythematosus: a rare initial manifestation. ( 27267533 )
2016
36
Acute acalculous cholecystitis as a rare manifestation of chronic mesenteric ischemia. A case report. ( 27394394 )
2016
37
Acute acalculous cholecystitis in a Lebanese girl with primary Epstein-Barr viral infection. ( 27090538 )
2016
38
Axitinib-induced Pneumatosis Intestinalis and Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis in a Patient With Renal Cell Carcinoma. ( 28039049 )
2016
39
Parasitic Infection of the Gallbladder: Cystoisospora belli Infection as a Cause of Chronic Abdominal Pain and Acalculous Cholecystitis. ( 27526491 )
2016
40
So-called Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis in Macrophage Activation Syndrome. ( 27746447 )
2016
41
Acute acalculous cholecystitis in systemic lupus erythematosus. ( 27131230 )
2016
42
Henoch-SchAPnlein purpura complicated by acalculous cholecystitis and intussusception, and following recurrence with appendicitis. ( 27077617 )
2016
43
Acute acalculous cholecystitis as initial manifestation in dengue fever. ( 27728380 )
2016
44
Cystoisosporiasis-related human acalculous cholecystitis: the need for increased awareness. ( 28155976 )
2016
45
Acalculous cholecystitis associated with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome: a case report. ( 25982259 )
2015
46
Acute acalculous cholecystitis complicating chemotherapy for acute myeloblastic leukemia. ( 26266093 )
2015
47
Percutaneous Cholecystostomy is an Effective Definitive Treatment Option for Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis. ( 25567854 )
2015
48
Acute acalculous cholecystitis in a patient with primary Epstein-Barr virus infection: a case report and literature review. ( 25887813 )
2015
49
Acalculous cholecystitis and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. ( 26139306 )
2015
50
Asystole complicating acalculous cholecystitis, the "Cope's sign" revisited. ( 25601766 )
2015

Variations for Acalculous Cholecystitis

Expression for Acalculous Cholecystitis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Acalculous Cholecystitis.

Pathways for Acalculous Cholecystitis

GO Terms for Acalculous Cholecystitis

Cellular components related to Acalculous Cholecystitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular space GO:0005615 8.92 CCK CD40LG CRP GUSB

Sources for Acalculous Cholecystitis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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