MCID: ACT004
MIFTS: 40

Acute Diarrhea

Categories: Gastrointestinal diseases, Genetic diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Acute Diarrhea

MalaCards integrated aliases for Acute Diarrhea:

Name: Acute Diarrhea 12 15 73

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0050140
UMLS 73 C0740441

Summaries for Acute Diarrhea

Disease Ontology : 12 A diarrhea that is of rapid onset and course characterized by frequent loose or liquid bowel movements. Acute diarrhea is a common cause of death in developing countries and the second most common cause of infant deaths worldwide.

MalaCards based summary : Acute Diarrhea is related to shigellosis and diarrhea, and has symptoms including diarrhea An important gene associated with Acute Diarrhea is PITX1 (Paired Like Homeodomain 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways is HIF Repressor Pathways. The drugs Zinc and Zinc sulfate have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include small intestine, bone and prostate, and related phenotype is nervous system.

Wikipedia : 76 Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract -- the... more...

Related Diseases for Acute Diarrhea

Diseases in the Diarrhea family:

Diarrhea 6 Diarrhea 7
Chronic Diarrhea Due to Guanylate Cyclase 2c Overactivity Inflammatory Diarrhea
Acute Diarrhea Congenital Diarrhea

Diseases related to Acute Diarrhea via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 49)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 shigellosis 29.6 CD79A LTF
2 diarrhea 11.6
3 precursor t-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia 10.4 CD79A MME
4 encapsulated thymoma 10.4 CD79A MME
5 precursor lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia 10.3 CD79A MME
6 root caries 10.3 CD79A LTF
7 chronic orbital inflammation 10.3 CD79A MME
8 parotitis 10.3 CD79A LTF
9 persistent generalized lymphadenopathy 10.2 CD79A EPAS1
10 chickenpox 10.2 CD79A LTF
11 dysentery 10.1 CD79A LTF
12 mature b-cell neoplasm 10.1 CD79A MME
13 keratoconjunctivitis sicca 10.1 CD79A LTF
14 aging 10.1
15 primary amebic meningoencephalitis 10.1 BAG6 CD79A
16 primary sjögren syndrome 10.0 CD79A LTF
17 intussusception 10.0 AIF1 CD79A
18 cholera 10.0
19 dental caries 9.9 CD79A LTF
20 cryptosporidiosis 9.8
21 gastroenteritis 9.8
22 gingivitis 9.8 CD79A LTF
23 hepatitis 9.7
24 metabolic acidosis 9.7
25 salmonellosis 9.7
26 influenza 9.7
27 lymphoma, mucosa-associated lymphoid type 9.6 CD79A MME
28 osteogenesis imperfecta, type xv 9.6 ST8SIA2 STX1A
29 biliary cirrhosis, primary, 1 9.6
30 enterocolitis 9.6
31 malaria 9.6
32 autoimmune hepatitis 9.6
33 cerebral palsy 9.6
34 primary biliary cirrhosis 9.6
35 inflammatory bowel disease 9.6
36 protein-energy malnutrition 9.6
37 cryptococcosis 9.6
38 hepatitis a 9.6
39 disease of mental health 9.6
40 iron metabolism disease 9.6
41 cerebritis 9.6
42 hypokalemia 9.6
43 pneumonia 9.6
44 acute urate nephropathy 9.6
45 appendicitis 9.6
46 hypoglycemia 9.6
47 type i 9.6
48 primary biliary cholangitis 9.6
49 gastrointestinal system disease 9.2 AIF1 BAG6 CD79A LTF

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Acute Diarrhea:



Diseases related to Acute Diarrhea

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Acute Diarrhea

UMLS symptoms related to Acute Diarrhea:


diarrhea

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Acute Diarrhea:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 nervous system MP:0003631 9.17 AIF1 BAG6 CD79A EPAS1 PITX1 ST8SIA2

Drugs & Therapeutics for Acute Diarrhea

Drugs for Acute Diarrhea (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 85)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Zinc Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable 7440-66-6 23994
2
Zinc sulfate Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Not Applicable 7733-02-0
3
Loperamide Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1,Phase 2 53179-11-6 3955
4
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 1994-09-7, 94-09-7 2337
5
Simethicone Approved Phase 4,Phase 3 8050-81-5
6
Azithromycin Approved Phase 4,Phase 3 83905-01-5 55185 447043
7 tannic acid Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4
8
Glycine Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 56-40-6 750
9 Racecadotril Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable 81110-73-8
10 Thiorphan Experimental Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1 76721-89-6
11 Astringents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Not Applicable
12 Dermatologic Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
13 Micronutrients Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
14 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
15 Trace Elements Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
16 Antidiarrheals Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1,Phase 2
17 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
18 Chelating Agents Phase 4
19 HIV Protease Inhibitors Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1
20
protease inhibitors Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1
21 Vaccines Phase 4
22 Emollients Phase 4,Phase 3
23 Polyethylene glycol 3350 Phase 4
24 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Not Applicable
25 Antibiotics, Antitubercular Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Not Applicable
26 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
27 Acidophilus Nutraceutical Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
28 glutamine Nutraceutical Phase 4,Phase 3
29 Cola Nutraceutical Phase 4
30
Sulfasalazine Approved Phase 3 599-79-1 5353980 5359476
31
Octreotide Approved, Investigational Phase 3 83150-76-9 383414 6400441
32
Trimebutine Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 39133-31-8
33
Rifaximin Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 80621-81-4 6436173
34 Analgesics Phase 3
35 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 3
36 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 3
37 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 3
38 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 3
39 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 3,Phase 2
40 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 3
41 Anticoagulants Phase 3
42 Blood Substitutes Phase 3
43 Dextrans Phase 3
44 Plasma Substitutes Phase 3
45 Autonomic Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
46 Parasympatholytics Phase 2, Phase 3
47 Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors Phase 2, Phase 3
48 rifamycin SV Phase 2, Phase 3
49 Rifamycins Phase 2, Phase 3
50 Antitubercular Agents Phase 3,Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 82)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Oral Administration of Tannins and Flavonoids in Children With Acute Diarrhea Completed NCT03356327 Phase 4 Actitan F;Standard Oral Rehydration
2 Efficacy of Use of Zinc in the Treatment of Acute Diarrhea in Infants Completed NCT01571856 Phase 4 Zinc Sulfate
3 Use of Probiotic Yogurt in the Treatment of Acute Diarrhea in Children Completed NCT01564290 Phase 4 Placebo probiotic
4 Effects of Probiotics and/or Prebiotics on the Duration of Diarrhea and Hospitalization in Children Completed NCT01927094 Phase 4
5 Study to Evaluate Smecta® vs Placebo on the Time to Recovery Following an Acute Diarrhoea Episode in Adults Completed NCT00276328 Phase 4 Diosmectite (Smecta®)
6 Evaluation Of Bacillus Clausii In Treatment Of Acute Diarrhea In Latin American Children Completed NCT02169817 Phase 4 Bacillus clausii;Oral Rehydration Therapy
7 Zinc Sulphate vs. Zinc Amino Acid Chelate Completed NCT01791608 Phase 4
8 Efficacy of Racecadotril in Acute Watery Diarrhea in Children Completed NCT01577043 Phase 4 Racecadotril
9 Introduction of an Oral Live Human Rotavirus (Rotarix) Vaccine in Matlab Completed NCT00737503 Phase 4
10 A Comparison of Three Medications to Treat Diarrhea in Adults. Completed NCT00807326 Phase 4 Loperamide/simeticone 2 mg/125 mg caplets;Loperamide/simeticone 2 mg/125 mg chewable tablets;Probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii 250 mg capsules
11 Prevention of Acute Radiation Enteritis With Glutamine Completed NCT00828399 Phase 4
12 The Treatment Effect of Bio-Three on Children With Enteritis Completed NCT01480947 Phase 4 Bio-three
13 Mode of Action of Moviprep Completed NCT01622972 Phase 4 Polyethyleneglycol
14 Azithromycin, With or Without Loperamide, to Treat Travelers' Diarrhea Completed NCT00359970 Phase 4 Azithromycin 500 mg;Azithromycin 1000 mg;Loperamide
15 Efficacy of Diosmectite (Smecta®) in the Symptomatic Treatment of Acute Diarrhoea in Adults Recruiting NCT02704091 Phase 4 Smecta;Smecta placebo
16 Optimising Rotavirus Vaccine in Aboriginal Children Recruiting NCT02941107 Phase 4 Rotarix (RV1);Placebo
17 Efficacy of Two Probiotic Preparations in Children With Acute Diarrhoea Unknown status NCT02080130 Phase 3
18 Effectiveness of Oral Rehydration Therapy Supplemented With Zinc in the Management of Diarrhea Acute Unknown status NCT02601742 Phase 3
19 Randomized Controlled Field Trial of a Probiotics to Assess Its Role in Preventig Diarrhoea Unknown status NCT00534170 Phase 3
20 Oral Rehydration Solution With Zinc and Prebiotics in Acute Diarrhea Completed NCT01025583 Phase 2, Phase 3
21 Safety, Efficacy and Cost-effectiveness of Racecadotril in Children With Acute Diarrhea in Mexico Completed NCT01153854 Phase 3 Racecadotril;Placebo groups
22 Efficacy of Zinc Therapy in Acute Diarrhoea in Young Children Completed NCT00325247 Phase 3 ZINC
23 Efficacy and Safety Study of Loperamide Hydrochloride/Simethicone Chewable Tablet in Treatment of Acute Diarrhea With Abdominal Discomfort and Flatulence Completed NCT02340481 Phase 3 Loperamide hydrochloride + simethicone chewable tablet;Loperamide hydrochloride;Loperamide hydrochloride + simethicone chewable placebo tablet;Loperamide hydrochloride placebo capsule
24 Glutamine in Preventing Acute Diarrhea in Patients With Pelvic Cancer Completed NCT00003170 Phase 3
25 Sulfasalazine in Preventing Acute Diarrhea in Patients With Cancer Who Are Undergoing Pelvic Radiation Therapy Completed NCT01198145 Phase 3 sulfasalazine
26 TEDDY: Spores of Bacillus Clausii in Acute Diarrhoea in Children Completed NCT00265369 Phase 3 Spores of Bacillus Clausii Probiotic Strain
27 Zinc-ORS in Severe and Complicated Acute Diarrhea Completed NCT00370968 Phase 2, Phase 3 Zinc sulphate
28 Impact of Home Zinc Treatment for Acute Diarrhea in Children Completed NCT00530829 Phase 3 zinc
29 Effectiveness of Smecta in the Treatment of Acute Diarrhoea in Children Completed NCT00352716 Phase 3 Smecta (Diosmectite), duration of treatment - 7 days
30 ENterogermina® (Bacillus Clausii) In the manaGeMent of diarrheA in Children Completed NCT00457353 Phase 3 Bacillus Clausii
31 Octreotide in Preventing Diarrhea in Patients Who Are Undergoing Radiation Therapy to the Pelvis Completed NCT00033605 Phase 3 octreotide acetate
32 Effectiveness of Smecta in Combination With Oral Rehydration in the Treatment of Acute Watery Diarrhoea in Infants and Children Completed NCT00352989 Phase 3 Smecta (Diosmectite), duration of treatment - 7 days
33 Gelatin Tannate as Treatment for Acute Childhood Gastroenteritis Completed NCT02644200 Phase 3
34 Impact of Bacillus Clausii Administration on Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patients Completed NCT03359499 Phase 2, Phase 3 Bacillus clausii;Trimebutine
35 Immunological and Clinical Responses to Zinc in Children With Diarrhoea Completed NCT00408356 Phase 3 Zinc
36 L Reuteri for the Prevention of Nosocomial Diarrhea Completed NCT01046656 Phase 3
37 Zinc Supplementation in Cholera Patients Completed NCT00226616 Phase 3 Zinc
38 Efficacy of Rifaximin in Preventing Campylobacteriosis Completed NCT02280044 Phase 2, Phase 3
39 Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Racecadotril in Infants, Children and Adolescents With Acute Diarrhea Recruiting NCT03463512 Phase 3 Racecadotril plus ORS;ORS
40 Antibiotics for Children With Severe Diarrhoea Recruiting NCT03130114 Phase 3 Azithromycin
41 Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Racecadotril in Children Aged 3 to 60 Months Suffering From Acute Diarrhea Not yet recruiting NCT03473561 Phase 3 Racecadotril plus ORS;ORS
42 Comparing the Efficacy of Two Oral Rehydration Solutions, With or Without the Probiotic Lactobacillus Reuteri DSM 17938 and Zinc, on the Duration and Severity of Acute Gastroenteritis in 6 - 36 Months Old Children in Out-patient Care Terminated NCT01737086 Phase 2, Phase 3
43 Efficacy of Zinc Sulfate With Probiotics for the Treatment of Acute Diarrhea in Children Unknown status NCT01140074 Phase 2 Zinc Sulfate
44 Influence of Carob and Probiotics on Acute Diarrhea in Children Unknown status NCT01501305 Phase 1, Phase 2
45 Early Administration of Lactose-free Milk in Children Presenting With Acute Diarrhea Completed NCT01269892 Phase 2
46 Isoleucine Added ORS in Children With Diarrhoea Completed NCT01034228 Phase 2
47 Modified ORS Solution for Severely Malnourished Children Completed NCT01821586 Phase 2
48 Acceptability and Effectiveness of Household Water Treatment in Reducing Diarrhea Among Under Five Children Completed NCT01376440 Phase 1
49 Study to Compare the Pharmacokinetics Profiles of Four Racecadotril Products Completed NCT01476683 Phase 1 Racecadotril;Racecadotril;Racecadotril;Racecadotril
50 Bioequivalence Between a Racecadotril Capsule and Film-Coated Tablet (FCT) to Treat Diarrhea in Adults Completed NCT01302093 Phase 1 Racecadotril Film-Coated Tablet (FCT);Racecadotril Capsule

Search NIH Clinical Center for Acute Diarrhea

Genetic Tests for Acute Diarrhea

Anatomical Context for Acute Diarrhea

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Acute Diarrhea:

41
Small Intestine, Bone, Prostate, Breast, Testes, Appendix, T Cells

Publications for Acute Diarrhea

Articles related to Acute Diarrhea:

(show top 50) (show all 612)
# Title Authors Year
1
Acute Diarrhea in an Immunocompromised 55-year-old Man. ( 29549045 )
2018
2
Therapeutic Efficacy of Bumped Kinase Inhibitor 1369 in a Pig Model of Acute Diarrhea Caused by Cryptosporidium hominis. ( 29661877 )
2018
3
Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of human parechovirus in individuals with acute diarrhea and healthy controls in Guangzhou, China. ( 29738080 )
2018
4
Universal recommendations for the management of acute diarrhea in non-malnourished children. ( 29901556 )
2018
5
Incidence of Acute Diarrhea-Associated Death among Children < 5 Years of Age in Bangladesh, 2010-12. ( 29141756 )
2018
6
Epidemiology of acute diarrhea caused by rotavirus in sentinel surveillance sites of Vietnam, 2012-2015. ( 29784467 )
2018
7
Cost utility, budget impact, and scenario analysis of racecadotril in addition to oral rehydration for acute diarrhea in children in Malaysia. ( 29588606 )
2018
8
Racecadotril in the treatment of acute diarrhea in children: a systematic, comprehensive review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. ( 29614995 )
2018
9
Development of a real time reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification method (RT-LAMP) for detection of a novel swine acute diarrhea syndrome Coronavirus (SADS-CoV). ( 29936095 )
2018
10
Characteristics of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli among children under 5 years of age with acute diarrhea: a hospital based study. ( 29390982 )
2018
11
Bangladeshi children with acute diarrhea show fecal microbiomes with increased Streptococcus abundance, irrespective of diarrhea etiology. ( 29786169 )
2018
12
Diagnosis and Treatment of Undifferentiated and Infectious Acute Diarrhea in the Adult Horse. ( 29426709 )
2018
13
Oral administration of tannins and flavonoids in children with acute diarrhea: a pilot, randomized, control-case study. ( 29866147 )
2018
14
Evaluation of Gelatin Tannate Against Symptoms of Acute Diarrhea in Pediatric Patients. ( 28448477 )
2017
15
Prospective study on the overuse of blood test-guided antibiotics on patients with acute diarrhea in primary hospitals of China. ( 28352160 )
2017
16
Etiology of acute diarrhea in the elderly in China: A six-year observational study. ( 28323855 )
2017
17
Discovery and characterization of an escherichia coli ST206 strain producing NDM-5 and MCR-1 from a patient with acute diarrhea. ( 28919194 )
2017
18
Correlates of multi-drug non-susceptibility in enteric bacteria isolated from Kenyan children with acute diarrhea. ( 28968393 )
2017
19
Serum Zinc Levels as a Predictor of Severity of Acute Diarrhea. ( 29152688 )
2017
20
Detection and Molecular Characterization of Human Adenovirus Infections among Hospitalized Children with Acute Diarrhea in Shanghai, China, 2006-2011. ( 29445406 )
2017
21
High prevalence of GII norovirus in hospitalized children with acute diarrhea, in Beijing. ( 28662103 )
2017
22
The Most Important Recommended Times of Hand Washing with Soap and Water in Preventing the Occurrence of Acute Diarrhea Among Children Under Five Years of Age in Slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ( 29138957 )
2017
23
Rapid Clearance and Frequent Reinfection With Enteric Pathogens Among Children With Acute Diarrhea in Zanzibar. ( 29017253 )
2017
24
A cross-sectional study of acute diarrhea in Pudong, Shanghai, China: prevalence, risk factors, and healthcare-seeking practices. ( 28830575 )
2017
25
Evaluation of water and electrolytes disorders in severe acute diarrhea patients treated by WHO protocol in eight large hospitals in Tehran; a nephrology viewpoint. ( 28497085 )
2017
26
Molecular Analysis of the Enteric Protozoa Associated with Acute Diarrhea in Hospitalized Children. ( 28824878 )
2017
27
Prevalence and determinants of acute diarrhea among children younger than five years old in Jabithennan District, Northwest Ethiopia, 2014. ( 28103908 )
2017
28
Utilization of health facilities and predictors of health-seeking behavior for under-five children with acute diarrhea in slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study. ( 28376916 )
2017
29
Implementation and Evaluation of Deployment Health Guidelines on Acute Diarrhea Management: A Medical Call to Arms. ( 28885923 )
2017
30
Pre-vaccine circulating group a rotavirus strains in under 5 years children with acute diarrhea during 1999-2013 in Cameroon. ( 29051924 )
2017
31
Piped water supply interruptions and acute diarrhea among under-five children in Addis Ababa slums, Ethiopia: A matched case-control study. ( 28723927 )
2017
32
A Surprising Case of Acute Diarrhea in the South of France. ( 27893974 )
2017
33
Sanitation facilities, hygienic conditions, and prevalence of acute diarrhea among under-five children in slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Baseline survey of a longitudinal study. ( 28854200 )
2017
34
Impact of Childhood Nutritional Status on Pathogen Prevalence and Severity of Acute Diarrhea. ( 29140236 )
2017
35
The cost utility and budget impact of adjuvant racecadotril for acute diarrhea in children in Thailand. ( 28761363 )
2017
36
Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli and Shigella with High Rate of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Production: Two Predominant Etiological Agents of Acute Diarrhea in Shiraz, Iran. ( 29106325 )
2017
37
Dose Volume Effect of Acute Diarrhea in Post-Operative Radiation for Gynecologic Cancer. ( 29265117 )
2017
38
Prevalence and factors associated with different pathogens of acute diarrhea in adults in Beijing, China. ( 27886032 )
2016
39
Help Desk Answers: Are IV fluids better than oral rehydration for children with acute diarrhea and vomiting? ( 27262252 )
2016
40
Viral and Bacterial Etiology of Acute Diarrhea among Children under 5 Years of Age in Wuhan, China. ( 27503019 )
2016
41
The Effect of G-ORS Along With Rice Soup in the Treatment of Acute Diarrhea in Children: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. ( 27556051 )
2016
42
The epidemiology of rotavirus disease in under-five-year-old children hospitalized with acute diarrhea in central Uganda, 2012-2013. ( 26724820 )
2016
43
Impact of co-infections with enteric pathogens on children suffering from acute diarrhea in southwest China. ( 27349521 )
2016
44
Do alcohol-based hand rubs reduce the incidence of acute diarrhea during military deployments? A prospective randomized trial. ( 27890664 )
2016
45
Time series investigation of changes in seasonality of acute diarrhea hospitalizations before and after rotavirus vaccine in Southern Brazil. ( 27783754 )
2016
46
The Effect of a Yeast Probiotic on Acute Diarrhea in Children. ( 27530282 )
2016
47
Hospital Based Prospective Observational Study to Audit the Prescription Practices and Outcomes of Paediatric Patients (6 months to 5 years age group) Presenting with Acute Diarrhea. ( 27437317 )
2016
48
Oral Administration of Astrovirus Capsid Protein Is Sufficient To Induce Acute Diarrhea In Vivo. ( 27803180 )
2016
49
Oral zinc provision in acute diarrhea. ( 26963581 )
2016
50
Characteristics of bacterial acute diarrhea among women. ( 26674319 )
2016

Variations for Acute Diarrhea

Expression for Acute Diarrhea

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Acute Diarrhea.

Pathways for Acute Diarrhea

Pathways related to Acute Diarrhea according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
10.18 EPAS1 PKM

GO Terms for Acute Diarrhea

Biological processes related to Acute Diarrhea according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 iron ion homeostasis GO:0055072 9.16 EPAS1 LTF
2 response to gravity GO:0009629 8.96 PKM STX1A
3 myoblast fate commitment GO:0048625 8.62 EPAS1 PITX1

Sources for Acute Diarrhea

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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