A-THAL
MCID: ALP101
MIFTS: 62

Alpha-Thalassemia (A-THAL)

Categories: Blood diseases, Endocrine diseases, Genetic diseases, Immune diseases, Nephrological diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Alpha-Thalassemia

MalaCards integrated aliases for Alpha-Thalassemia:

Name: Alpha-Thalassemia 56 12 74 24 52 25 58 73 54 43 71
Alpha Thalassemia 12 52 25 29 6 15
Thalassemia, Alpha- 56 13
Alpha Thalassaemia 12 32
Alpha Plus Thalassemia 6
Thalassemias, Alpha- 56
Alpha^+^ Thalassemia 71
Thalassemia, Alpha 39
a-Thalassemia 52
Α-Thalassemia 25
Thalassemia 71
a-Thal 73

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

58
alpha-thalassemia
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Age of onset: All ages; Age of death: normal life expectancy;

Classifications:

Orphanet: 58  
Rare haematological diseases


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:1099
OMIM 56 604131
ICD9CM 34 282.43
MeSH 43 D017085
NCIt 49 C34368
SNOMED-CT 67 68913001
ICD10 32 D56.0
MESH via Orphanet 44 D017085
ICD10 via Orphanet 33 D56.0
UMLS via Orphanet 72 C0002312 C1456873
Orphanet 58 ORPHA846
MedGen 41 C0002312
UMLS 71 C0002312 C0039730 C1456873

Summaries for Alpha-Thalassemia

Genetics Home Reference : 25 Alpha thalassemia is a blood disorder that reduces the production of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to cells throughout the body. In people with the characteristic features of alpha thalassemia, a reduction in the amount of hemoglobin prevents enough oxygen from reaching the body's tissues. Affected individuals also have a shortage of red blood cells (anemia), which can cause pale skin, weakness, fatigue, and more serious complications. Two types of alpha thalassemia can cause health problems. The more severe type is known as hemoglobin Bart hydrops fetalis syndrome, which is also called Hb Bart syndrome or alpha thalassemia major. The milder form is called HbH disease. Hb Bart syndrome is characterized by hydrops fetalis, a condition in which excess fluid builds up in the body before birth. Additional signs and symptoms can include severe anemia, an enlarged liver and spleen (hepatosplenomegaly), heart defects, and abnormalities of the urinary system or genitalia. As a result of these serious health problems, most babies with this condition are stillborn or die soon after birth. Hb Bart syndrome can also cause serious complications for women during pregnancy, including dangerously high blood pressure with swelling (preeclampsia), premature delivery, and abnormal bleeding. HbH disease causes mild to moderate anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, and yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice). Some affected individuals also have bone changes such as overgrowth of the upper jaw and an unusually prominent forehead. The features of HbH disease usually appear in early childhood, and affected individuals typically live into adulthood.

MalaCards based summary : Alpha-Thalassemia, also known as alpha thalassemia, is related to alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome, chromosome 16-related and alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome, x-linked, and has symptoms including angina pectoris, edema and chest pain. An important gene associated with Alpha-Thalassemia is HBA2 (Hemoglobin Subunit Alpha 2), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Glucose / Energy Metabolism and Malaria. The drugs Pyrimethamine and Sulfadoxine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include bone, liver and heart, and related phenotypes are microcytic anemia and abnormal hemoglobin

Disease Ontology : 12 Alpha thalassemia is a thalassemia involving the genes HBA1and HBA2 hemoglobin genes.

NIH Rare Diseases : 52 Alpha-thalassemia is a blood disorder that reduces the body's production of hemoglobin . Affected people have anemia , which can cause pale skin, weakness, fatigue, and more serious complications. Two types of alpha-thalassemia can cause health problems: the more severe type is known as Hb Bart syndrome ; the milder form is called HbH disease. Hb Bart syndrome may be characterized by hydrops fetalis ; severe anemia; hepatosplenomegaly ; heart defects; and abnormalities of the urinary system or genitalia. Most babies with this condition are stillborn or die soon after birth. HbH disease may cause mild to moderate anemia; hepatosplenomegaly; jaundice ; or bone changes. Alpha-thalassemia typically results from deletions involving the HBA1 and HBA2 genes . The inheritance is complex, and can be read about here . No treatment is effective for Hb Bart syndrome. For HbH disease, occasional red blood cell transfusions may be needed.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 73 Alpha-thalassemia: A form of thalassemia. Thalassemias are common monogenic diseases occurring mostly in Mediterranean and Southeast Asian populations. The hallmark of alpha-thalassemia is an imbalance in globin-chain production in the adult HbA molecule. The level of alpha chain production can range from none to very nearly normal levels. Deletion of both copies of each of the two alpha-globin genes causes alpha(0)- thalassemia, also known as homozygous alpha thalassemia. Due to the complete absence of alpha chains, the predominant fetal hemoglobin is a tetramer of gamma-chains (Bart hemoglobin) that has essentially no oxygen carrying capacity. This causes oxygen starvation in the fetal tissues leading to prenatal lethality or early neonatal death. The loss of two alpha genes results in mild alpha-thalassemia, also known as heterozygous alpha-thalassemia. Affected individuals have small red cells and a mild anemia (microcytosis). If three of the four alpha- globin genes are functional, individuals are completely asymptomatic. Some rare forms of alpha-thalassemia are due to point mutations (non- deletional alpha-thalassemia).

Wikipedia : 74 Alpha-thalassemia (?-thalassemia, ?-thalassaemia) is a form of thalassemia involving the genes HBA1 and... more...

More information from OMIM: 604131
GeneReviews: NBK1435

Related Diseases for Alpha-Thalassemia

Diseases in the Thalassemia family:

Alpha-Thalassemia Beta-Thalassemia
Beta-Thalassemia and Related Diseases Alpha-Thalassemia and Related Diseases

Diseases related to Alpha-Thalassemia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 229)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome, chromosome 16-related 35.4 HBA2 HBA1
2 alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome, x-linked 35.4 HELLS DAXX ATRX
3 alpha thalassemia-intellectual disability syndrome type 1 35.1 SOX8 HBA2 HBA1 DAXX ATRX
4 alpha thalassemia-x-linked intellectual disability syndrome 35.0 DAXX ATRX
5 hydrops fetalis, nonimmune 33.9 HBB HBA2 HBA1
6 hemoglobin h disease 33.9 TFRC LOC106804613 LOC106804612 HBZ HBG2 HBB
7 thalassemia 32.2 UGT1A1 TFRC LOC106804613 LOC106804612 KLF1 HP
8 hypochromic microcytic anemia 31.5 HBB HBA2 HBA1
9 iron metabolism disease 31.5 TFRC HBB HBA2 EPO
10 sickle cell disease 31.4 HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 G6PD EPO
11 sickle cell anemia 31.3 UGT1A1 HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 HBA1
12 microcytic anemia 31.1 TFRC HBB HBA2 HBA1 G6PD EPO
13 beta-thalassemia 31.1 UGT1A1 TFRC KLF1 HBG2 HBG1 HBB
14 iron deficiency anemia 31.0 TFRC HBA1 G6PD EPO
15 cholelithiasis 31.0 UGT1A1 HP HBB
16 hemoglobinopathy 30.9 UGT1A1 TFRC KLF1 HP HBG1 HBB
17 plasmodium falciparum malaria 30.9 HP HBB G6PD
18 bilirubin metabolic disorder 30.9 UGT1A1 HP HBG2 G6PD
19 glucosephosphate dehydrogenase deficiency 30.9 UGT1A1 HP HBG2 HBB G6PD
20 erythroleukemia, familial 30.8 KLF1 HBG1 HBB EPO
21 hemoglobin zurich 30.7 LOC106804612 HBB HBA2
22 deficiency anemia 30.7 TFRC KLF1 HP HBG2 HBG1 HBB
23 gilbert syndrome 30.7 UGT1A1 HP G6PD
24 malaria 30.7 TFRC HP HBB HBA2 HBA1 G6PD
25 splenomegaly 30.6 HBA2 EPO
26 splenic sequestration 30.6 HP HBB EPO
27 fetal hemoglobin quantitative trait locus 1 30.6 HBG2 HBG1 HBB
28 methemoglobinemia 30.5 HP HBG2 HBB G6PD
29 hemolytic anemia 30.4 UGT1A1 TFRC KLF1 HP HBG2 HBG1
30 blood group incompatibility 30.4 G6PD EPO
31 myelodysplastic syndrome 30.4 TFRC NSD1 EPO ATRX ARHGAP26
32 congenital dyserythropoietic anemia 30.4 TFRC KLF1 EPO
33 hereditary spherocytosis 30.2 UGT1A1 TFRC KLF1 HP HBG2 HBG1
34 alpha-thalassemia myelodysplasia syndrome 12.9
35 alpha-thalassemia-abnormal morphogenesis 12.6
36 alpha-thalassemia and related diseases 12.5
37 mental retardation-hypotonic facies syndrome, x-linked, 1 11.9
38 glutathione peroxidase deficiency 10.6 HBB HBA2 HBA1
39 methemoglobinemia, beta-globin type 10.6 HBB HBA2 HBA1
40 heinz body anemias 10.6 HBB HBA2 HBA1
41 histiocytosis-lymphadenopathy plus syndrome 10.6 HBB HBA2 G6PD
42 acquired methemoglobinemia 10.6 HBG2 G6PD
43 gastric neuroendocrine neoplasm 10.6 DAXX ATRX
44 erythrocytosis, familial, 7 10.6 LOC106804613 LOC106804612 HBA2 HBA1
45 hypoglycemic coma 10.5 HBA2 HBA1
46 congenital methemoglobinemia 10.5 HBG2 G6PD
47 trimethoprim allergy 10.5 HP G6PD
48 rh isoimmunization 10.5 G6PD EPO
49 spherocytosis, type 3 10.5 KLF1 HBG2 HBB
50 diabetes mellitus, insulin-dependent, 24 10.5 HBA2 HBA1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Alpha-Thalassemia:



Diseases related to Alpha-Thalassemia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Alpha-Thalassemia

Human phenotypes related to Alpha-Thalassemia:

58 31 (show all 14)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 microcytic anemia 58 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001935
2 abnormal hemoglobin 58 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0011902
3 splenomegaly 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001744
4 cognitive impairment 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0100543
5 hemolytic anemia 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001878
6 myelodysplasia 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002863
7 hydrops fetalis 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001789
8 cholelithiasis 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001081
9 jaundice 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000952
10 hypersplenism 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001971
11 abnormality of immune system physiology 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0010978
12 anemia 58 Occasional (29-5%)
13 hypochromic microcytic anemia 31 HP:0004840
14 reduced alpha/beta synthesis ratio 31 HP:0011907

Clinical features from OMIM:

604131

UMLS symptoms related to Alpha-Thalassemia:


angina pectoris, edema, chest pain

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Alpha-Thalassemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Increased shRNA abundance GR00327-A 8.92 DAXX EPO G6PD HBG2

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Alpha-Thalassemia:

45
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 embryo MP:0005380 9.23 ATRX DAXX EPO G6PD HELLS KLF1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Alpha-Thalassemia

Drugs for Alpha-Thalassemia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 310)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Pyrimethamine Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 58-14-0 4993
2
Sulfadoxine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 2447-57-6 17134
3
Peginterferon alfa-2b Approved Phase 4 215647-85-1, 99210-65-8
4
Zinc Approved, Investigational Phase 4 7440-66-6 32051
5
Zinc sulfate Approved, Investigational Phase 4 7733-02-0
6
Ribavirin Approved Phase 4 36791-04-5 37542
7
Peginterferon alfa-2a Approved, Investigational Phase 4 198153-51-4 5360545
8
Hyaluronic acid Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 9004-61-9 53477741
9
Ledipasvir Approved Phase 4 1256388-51-8 67505836
10
Velpatasvir Approved, Investigational Phase 4 1377049-84-7 67683363
11
Sofosbuvir Approved Phase 4 1190307-88-0 45375808
12
leucovorin Approved Phase 4 58-05-9 6006 143
13
Methotrexate Approved Phase 4 1959-05-2, 59-05-2 126941
14
Basiliximab Approved, Investigational Phase 4 179045-86-4, 152923-56-3
15
Sodium citrate Approved, Investigational Phase 4 68-04-2
16
Metformin Approved Phase 4 657-24-9 14219 4091
17
Deferiprone Approved Phase 4 30652-11-0 2972
18
Deferoxamine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 70-51-9 2973
19
Folic acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 59-30-3 6037
20
Citric acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 77-92-9 311
21
Calcium Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 7440-70-2 271
22
Ergocalciferol Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 50-14-6 5280793
23
Vitamin D Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 1406-16-2
24
Vitamin D3 Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 67-97-0 6221 5280795
25
Calcifediol Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 19356-17-3 6433735 5283731
26
Glycine Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 56-40-6 750
27 Antiparasitic Agents Phase 4
28 Antiprotozoal Agents Phase 4
29 Antimalarials Phase 4
30 Fanasil, pyrimethamine drug combination Phase 4
31 Interferon alpha-2 Phase 4
32 Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Phase 4
33 Astringents Phase 4
34 interferons Phase 4
35 Interferon-alpha Phase 4
36 Hematinics Phase 4
37 Sofosbuvir-velpatasvir drug combination Phase 4
38 Ledipasvir, sofosbuvir drug combination Phase 4
39 Folic Acid Antagonists Phase 4
40 Folate Phase 4
41 Vitamin B Complex Phase 4
42 Vitamin B9 Phase 4
43 Thymoglobulin Phase 4
44 Siderophores Phase 4
45 Vasodilator Agents Phase 4
46 Citrate Phase 4
47 Sildenafil Citrate Phase 4 171599-83-0
48 Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors Phase 4
49 Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors Phase 4
50 Hypoglycemic Agents Phase 4

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 417)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Intermittent Treatment With Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine for Malaria Control in Children: A Randomised, Double Blind, and Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial Unknown status NCT00168948 Phase 4 Sulfadoxin (12.5) Pyrimethamine (250 mg)
2 Study of the B Memory Cell Response to Vaccination With the 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Asplenic Individuals With Beta-thalassemia Major Unknown status NCT01846923 Phase 4
3 A Randomized, Placebo Controlled, Double Blind Trial of the Effect of Combined Therapy With Deferoxamine and Deferiprone on Myocardial Iron in Thalassemia Major Using Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Unknown status NCT00103753 Phase 4 deferiprone
4 Phase IV Study of Effectiveness of Interferon and Ribavirin Treatment in Thalassemia Major Patients With Chronic Viral Hepatitis C Unknown status NCT00887081 Phase 4 PEG-IFN alpha2a or PEG-IFN alpha2b and Ribavirin
5 Investigation of Signal Pathway Induced by Colla Corri Asini Regulating Globin Level in Beta Thalassemia Patients With Pregnancy Anemia Unknown status NCT03392298 Phase 4 Colla corii asini
6 Efficacy of Basiliximab in the Prevention of Acute Graft-versus-host Disease in Unrelated Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Therapy for Thalassemia Major Treatment: a Multi-center, Open, Randomized, Controlled Clinical Study Unknown status NCT02342145 Phase 4 Basiliximab,;cyclosporine A;Methotrexate;Mycophenolate mofetil
7 The Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Calcium Excretion in Thalassemia: a Dose Response Study Unknown status NCT01323608 Phase 4 Vitamin D3;Placebo
8 Safety of Deferasirox (ICL670) and Deferoxamine (Desferal or DFO) Combined Chelation Therapy in Patients With Transfusion Dependent Thalassemia and Iron Overload Completed NCT00901199 Phase 4 Combo Chelation with Deferasirox (Exjade) and Desferal (DFO)
9 A Phase II, Multi-center, Single-arm, Prospective Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Deferasirox in Beta-thalassemia Major Patients After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Completed NCT01610297 Phase 4 ICL670
10 Evaluating the Efficacy of Deferasirox in Transfusion Dependent Chronic Anaemias (Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Beta-thalassaemia Patients) With Chronic Iron Overload Completed NCT00564941 Phase 4 deferasirox
11 1 Year, Open-label Multicenter Evaluation of Efficacy, Safety of Deferasirox in Patients MDS, Thalassemia and Rare Anemia Types Having Transfusion-induced Iron Overload. Completed NCT01250951 Phase 4 Deferasirox
12 Evaluation of Efficacy of Zoledronic Acid in Patients With Haemoglobin Syndromes (Thalassemia and Sicle Cell Anaemia) and Risk of Skeletal Events Completed NCT00346242 Phase 4 Zoledronic Acid
13 An Open Label, Multi-center, Efficacy and Safety Study of Deferasirox in Iron Overloaded Patients With Non-transfusion Dependent Thalassemia Completed NCT01709838 Phase 4 deferasirox
14 Phase IV Study of the Use of Sequential DFP-DFO Versus DFP in Thalassemia Major Patients Completed NCT00733811 Phase 4 Deferiprone (DFP) and Deferoxamine (DFO);Deferiprone (DFP)
15 Randomized Trial Comparing the Relative Efficacy of Deferiprone to That of Deferoxamine in Removing Excess Cardiac Iron in Thalassemia Major Patients Completed NCT00105495 Phase 4 Ferriprox (deferiprone);Desferal (deferoxamine)
16 1-year Extension to CICL670A2402 an Open-label, Multi-center Trial of the Efficacy and Safety of Long-term Treatment With Deferasirox (10 to 20 mg/kg/Day) in Beta-thalassemia Patients With Transfusional Hemosiderosis (Study Amended to 2- Year Duration) Completed NCT00171301 Phase 4 Deferasirox
17 Pneumococcal Vaccination for Splenectomised Thalassemia Major Patients in Indonesia Completed NCT03095326 Phase 4 Sucrose
18 Increased Survival and Reversion of Iron-Induced Cardiac Disease in Patients With Thalassemia Major Receiving Intensive Combined Chelation Therapy Completed NCT00800761 Phase 4 Deferoxamine and Deferiprone;Deferoxamine
19 Sofosbuvir/Ledipasvir for Hepatitis C Genotype 1-6 in Patients With Transfusion-Dependent Thalassemia: An Open Label Trial Completed NCT03032666 Phase 4 sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
20 Zinc Supplementation on Cellular Immunity in Thalassemia Major Completed NCT03117192 Phase 4 Zinc Sulfate;Sucrose Syrup
21 A Study on PEGASYS® (Peginterferon Alfa-2a (40KD)) Plus COPEGUS® (Ribavirin) in Iranian Thalassemic Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Infection Completed NCT00707850 Phase 4 PEGASYS® (Peginterferon Alfa-2a (40KD)) Plus COPEGUS® (Ribavirin)
22 Pilot Pharmacokinetic Study In Patients With Inadequate Response To Deferasirox (Exjade) Completed NCT00749515 Phase 4 Deferoxamine;Deferasirox
23 An Epidemiological Study to Assess the Prevalence of Iron Overload Using MRI in Patients With Transfusional Siderosis (TIMES Study) Completed NCT01736540 Phase 4
24 Evaluation of Liver Fibrosis by Serum Hyalornic Acid Measurement in β-Thalassemic Children Infected With Hepatitis C Virus Before and After Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy Completed NCT03961828 Phase 4 Ledipasvir 90 MG / Sofosbuvir 400 MG [Harvoni]
25 Effect of Folic Acid Supplementation on Plasma Homocysteine Level in Obese Children: a Randomized Double Blinded Placebo Controlled Trial Completed NCT01766310 Phase 4 Folic Acid;placebo
26 A Multi-center Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study of Colla Corii Asini for the Treatment of Anemia in Pregnant Women With Thalassemia(Presenting the Syndrome of Blood Deficiency) Recruiting NCT03374111 Phase 4 Colla corii asini;a Simulate Agent of Colla corii asini granule
27 Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Thalassemia Major: A Multicenter, Prospective Clinical Study Recruiting NCT04009525 Phase 4 Busulfan;Cyclophosphamide;Fludarabine;Thymoglobulin;cyclosporine A;Mycophenolate mofetil;Tacrolimus;Methotrexate;Basiliximab;Ruxolitinib
28 Comparative Clinical Study Evaluating the Effect of L-arginine Versus Sildenafil in Children With Beta Thalassemia Associated With Pulmonary Hypertension Recruiting NCT03402191 Phase 4 L-arginine;Sildenafil
29 Haploidentical Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Thalassemia Major Recruiting NCT03171831 Phase 4 Busulfan;Cyclophosphamide;Fludarabine;Mycophenolate mofetil;Tacrolimus;Methotrexate;Thymoglobulin;Basiliximab
30 The Potential Hepatoprotective Effect of Metformin in Patients With Beta Thalasemia Major Recruiting NCT02984475 Phase 4 Metformin
31 The Efficacy and Safety of Ferriprox® for the Treatment of Transfusional Iron Overload in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease or Other Anemias Recruiting NCT02041299 Phase 4 Deferiprone;Deferoxamine
32 Safety and Efficacy of Early-start Deferiprone Treatment in Infants and Young Children Newly Diagnosed With Transfusion-dependent Beta Thalassemia Active, not recruiting NCT03591575 Phase 4 Deferiprone oral solution;Placebo
33 Prospective Crossover Study on Beta(ß)-Thalassaemia Transfusion-dependent to Evaluate the Impact on Transfusion Regimen of Two Pre-storage Leukoreduced PRBCs(In-line Filtration + B-C Separation; Whole Blood Filtration + B-C Conservation) Enrolling by invitation NCT03992001 Phase 4
34 Long-term Safety and Efficacy Study of Ferriprox® for the Treatment of Transfusional Iron Overload in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease or Other Anemias Enrolling by invitation NCT02443545 Phase 4 Deferiprone
35 A Randomized Phase IV Control Trial of Single High Dose Oral Vitamin D3 (Stoss Therapy) in Pediatric Patients Undergoing HSCT to Prevent Vitamin D Deficiency and Insufficiency During Transplant Enrolling by invitation NCT03176849 Phase 4
36 Is Iron Supplementation Harmful in Populations Where Iron Deficiency is Not the Cause of Anemia? A 12 Week Randomized Controlled Trial in Cambodia Not yet recruiting NCT04017598 Phase 4
37 An Open Label Study to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics, Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of Deferasirox Administered to Chinese Patients With β-thalassemia Major Aged From 2 to Less Than 6 Years Old Withdrawn NCT01724138 Phase 4 Deferasirox
38 A Multicenter, Open-label, Single Arm, Interventional Phase IV Study, to Evaluate the Effect of Deferasirox on Endocrine Complications in Subjects With Transfusion Dependent Thalassemia Withdrawn NCT02069886 Phase 4 deferasirox
39 Zoledronic Acid for the Prevention of Bone Loss Post-bone Marrow Transplantation for Thalassemia Major Patients: A Prospective Pilot Study Unknown status NCT01016093 Phase 2, Phase 3 Zoledronic acid;Placebo
40 Study of Safty and Efficacy of Adjuvant Vitamin c in Augmenting Iron Chelation Unknown status NCT02083575 Phase 2, Phase 3 Vitamin C, Defriprone, deferisarox;deferiprone , deferesarox
41 Combined Therapy of Silymarin and Desferrioxamine in Patients With B-thalassemia Major: a Randomized Double-blind Clinical Trial Unknown status NCT00999349 Phase 2, Phase 3 Silymarin (LEGALON);Placebo
42 Phase 2 Study of Therapeutic Effect and Safety of Combined Hydroxyurea With Recombinant Human Erythropoietin. Unknown status NCT01624038 Phase 2, Phase 3 Hydroxyurea ,Epiao;hydroxyurea, blood transfusion
43 A Decisional Algorithm to Start Iron Chelation in Minimally Transfused Young Beta-thalassemia Major Patients Naive to Iron Chelation Therapy. A Comparative Randomized Prospective Study Unknown status NCT02173951 Phase 2, Phase 3 Deferiprone
44 A Prospective Randomized Comparative Study of Efficacy and Safety of Combined Deferiprone (DFP) and Deferasirox Versus DFP and Desferrioxamine (DFO) Therapy in Diseases With Severe Iron Overload Unknown status NCT01511848 Phase 2, Phase 3 DFP (ferriprox) and deferasirox (ICL 670);DFP, DFO
45 Treatment of Wolfram Syndrome Type 2 With the Chelator Deferiprone, and Incretin Based Therapy Unknown status NCT02882477 Phase 2, Phase 3 Deferiprone;Acetylcysteine;Sitagliptin and Metformin
46 A Study of Efficacy and Safety of Long-term Treatment With Deferasirox in Patients With Beta-thalassemia and Transfusional Hemosiderosis Completed NCT00171171 Phase 3 deferasirox
47 A Randomized Controlled Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of S 303 Treated Red Blood Cells (RBC) in Subjects With Thalassemia Major Requiring Chronic RBC Transfusion Completed NCT01740531 Phase 3
48 An Extension Study of Iron Chelation Therapy With Deferasirox (ICL670)in β-thalassemia Patients With Transfusional Iron Overload Completed NCT00171210 Phase 3 Deferasirox
49 The Effect of Metoprolol Succinate on the Cardiac Function of Patients With Thalassemia Cardiomyopathy a Double Blind Randomized Study Completed NCT01863173 Phase 2, Phase 3 metoprolol;placebo
50 Amlodipine in the Prevention and Treatment of Iron Overload in Patients With Thalassemia Major: a Randomized, Controlled Trial Completed NCT01395199 Phase 3 Amlodipine

Search NIH Clinical Center for Alpha-Thalassemia

Cochrane evidence based reviews: alpha-thalassemia

Genetic Tests for Alpha-Thalassemia

Genetic tests related to Alpha-Thalassemia:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Alpha Thalassemia 29 HBA1 HBA2 HBB

Anatomical Context for Alpha-Thalassemia

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Alpha-Thalassemia:

40
Bone, Liver, Heart, Bone Marrow, T Cells, Skin, Kidney

Publications for Alpha-Thalassemia

Articles related to Alpha-Thalassemia:

(show top 50) (show all 1856)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Hydrops fetalis caused by alpha-thalassemia: an emerging health care problem. 61 24 56
9516118 1998
2
Three new alpha-thalassemia point mutations ascertained through newborn screening. 61 6
16798638 2006
3
Alpha-Thalassemia 61 6
20301608 2005
4
A novel alpha-thalassemia nonsense mutation in codon 23 of the alpha2-globin gene (GAG-->TAG) in a Tunisian family. 61 6
15481894 2004
5
An alpha-thalassemia phenotype in a Dutch Hindustani, caused by a new point mutation that creates an alternative splice donor site in the first exon of the alpha2-globin gene. 61 6
15481895 2004
6
A new Hb evanston allele [alpha14(A12)Trp --> Arg] found solely, and in the presence of common alpha-thalassemia deletions, in three independent Asian cases. 61 6
15008259 2004
7
A new highly unstable alpha chain variant causing alpha(+)-thalassemia: Hb Zurich Albisrieden [alpha59(E8)Gly-->Arg (alpha2)]. 61 6
15658192 2004
8
Transcription of antisense RNA leading to gene silencing and methylation as a novel cause of human genetic disease. 54 61 24
12730694 2003
9
Identification of two new alpha-thalassemia mutations in exon 2 of the alpha1-globin gene. 61 6
11791872 2001
10
Nondeletional alpha-thalassemia: first description of alpha Hph alpha and alpha Nco alpha mutations in a Spanish population. 61 6
8756078 1996
11
Molecular basis for nondeletion alpha-thalassemia in American blacks. Alpha 2(116GAG----UAG). 61 6
3597771 1987
12
Initiation codon mutation as a cause of alpha thalassemia. 61 6
6490612 1984
13
Hemoglobin Evanston (alpha 14 Trp----Arg). An unstable alpha-chain variant expressed as alpha-thalassemia. 61 6
6725558 1984
14
Hemoglobin Evanston: alpha 14(A12) Trp leads to Arg. A variant hemoglobin associated with alpha-thalassemia-2. 61 6
6882779 1983
15
EMQN Best Practice Guidelines for molecular and haematology methods for carrier identification and prenatal diagnosis of the haemoglobinopathies. 6
25052315 2015
16
Novel large deletions in the human alpha-globin gene cluster: Clarifying the HS-40 long-range regulatory role in the native chromosome environment. 61 24
20580289 2010
17
Hb H disease: clinical course and disease modifiers. 61 24
20008179 2009
18
Phenotype-genotype characterization of alpha-thalassemia mental retardation syndrome due to isolated monosomy of 16p13.3. 61 24
18076105 2008
19
Refinement of the genetic cause of ATR-16. 61 24
17598130 2007
20
A regulatory SNP causes a human genetic disease by creating a new transcriptional promoter. 61 24
16728641 2006
21
Acquired alpha-thalassemia in association with myelodysplastic syndrome and other hematologic malignancies. 61 24
15358626 2005
22
Acquired somatic ATRX mutations in myelodysplastic syndrome associated with alpha thalassemia (ATMDS) convey a more severe hematologic phenotype than germline ATRX mutations. 61 24
14592816 2004
23
Deletion of the alpha-globin gene cluster as a cause of acquired alpha-thalassemia in myelodysplastic syndrome. 61 24
14576055 2004
24
Identification of acquired somatic mutations in the gene encoding chromatin-remodeling factor ATRX in the alpha-thalassemia myelodysplasia syndrome (ATMDS). 61 24
12858175 2003
25
The Dutch IVS-I-116 (A --> G) (alpha2) thalassemia mutation induces Hb H inclusion bodies when found in combination with the -alpha3.7 deletion defect. 6
12603095 2003
26
Phenotype-genotype relationships in monogenic disease: lessons from the thalassaemias. 56
11283697 2001
27
De novo 16p deletion: ATR-16 syndrome. 61 24
9375730 1997
28
An IVS1-116 (A-->G) acceptor splice site mutation in the alpha 2 globin gene causing alpha + thalassaemia in two Dutch families. 6
8943885 1996
29
ACOG technical bulletin. Hemoglobinopathies in pregnancy. Number 220--February 1996 (replaces no. 185, October 1993). Committee on Technical Bulletins of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. 6
8735302 1996
30
alpha-Thalassaemia. 56
8353312 1993
31
HbH disease in Sardinia: molecular, hematological and clinical aspects. 61 24
1414154 1992
32
Characterisation of a new alpha thalassemia 1 defect due to a partial deletion of the alpha globin gene complex. 61 24
6255436 1980
33
A novel selective deletion of the major α-globin regulatory element (MCS-R2) causing α-thalassaemia. 24
26915575 2017
34
Homozygous α-thalassemia: Challenges surrounding early identification, treatment, and cure. 24
27573913 2017
35
Optimizing chronic transfusion therapy for survivors of hemoglobin Barts hydrops fetalis. 24
26732098 2016
36
The α-thalassemias. 24
25390741 2014
37
State of the art and new developments in molecular diagnostics for hemoglobinopathies in multiethnic societies. 24
23721114 2014
38
Deferasirox reduces iron overload significantly in nontransfusion-dependent thalassemia: 1-year results from a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. 24
22589472 2012
39
Iron overload in non-transfusion-dependent thalassemia: a clinical perspective. 24
22631036 2012
40
Homozygous deletion of the major alpha-globin regulatory element (MCS-R2) responsible for a severe case of hemoglobin H disease. 24
20864588 2010
41
The molecular basis of beta-thalassemia intermedia in southern China: genotypic heterogeneity and phenotypic diversity. 54 61
20181291 2010
42
Molecular characterization of alpha-Thalassemia in Adana, Turkey: A single center study. 54 61
20332613 2010
43
Diagnostic value of zinc protoporphyrin in a screening strategy for alpha-thalassemia. 54 61
19187279 2009
44
Clinical and hematological phenotype of homozygous hemoglobin E: revisit of a benign condition with hidden reproductive risk. 54 61
19323016 2009
45
G6PD deficiency, absence of alpha-thalassemia, and hemolytic rate at baseline are significant independent risk factors for abnormally high cerebral velocities in patients with sickle cell anemia. 54 61
18772456 2008
46
Response to hydroxyurea therapy in beta-thalassemia. 54 61
18181203 2008
47
A multicenter trial of the effectiveness of zeta-globin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and hemoglobin H inclusion body screening for the detection of alpha0-thalassemia trait. 54 61
18208812 2008
48
A family with multiple mutations and sequence variations in the alpha- and beta-globin gene clusters. 54 61
18076350 2008
49
A rare thalassemic syndrome caused by interaction of Hb Adana [alpha59(E8)Gly-->Asp] with an alpha+-thalassemia deletion: clinical aspects in two cases. 54 61
18654886 2008
50
Structural consequences of disease-causing mutations in the ATRX-DNMT3-DNMT3L (ADD) domain of the chromatin-associated protein ATRX. 54 61
17609377 2007

Variations for Alpha-Thalassemia

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Alpha-Thalassemia:

6 (show all 43) ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎
# Gene Name Type Significance ClinVarId dbSNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.52A>T (p.Lys18Ter)SNV Pathogenic 15401 rs33986703 11:5248200-5248200 11:5226970-5226970
2 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.118C>T (p.Gln40Ter)SNV Pathogenic 15402 rs11549407 11:5248004-5248004 11:5226774-5226774
3 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.92+1G>ASNV Pathogenic 15436 rs33971440 11:5248159-5248159 11:5226929-5226929
4 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.315+1G>ASNV Pathogenic 15438 rs33945777 11:5247806-5247806 11:5226576-5226576
5 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.92+5G>CSNV Pathogenic 15447 rs33915217 11:5248155-5248155 11:5226925-5226925
6 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.92+6T>CSNV Pathogenic 15450 rs35724775 11:5248154-5248154 11:5226924-5226924
7 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.93-21G>ASNV Pathogenic 15454 rs35004220 11:5248050-5248050 11:5226820-5226820
8 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.316-106C>GSNV Pathogenic 15457 rs34690599 11:5247062-5247062 11:5225832-5225832
9 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.-79A>GSNV Pathogenic 15469 rs34598529 11:5248330-5248330 11:5227100-5227100
10 HBA2 NM_000517.4(HBA2):c.427T>C (p.Ter143Gln)SNV Pathogenic 15624 rs41464951 16:223597-223597 16:173598-173598
11 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.377T>C (p.Leu126Pro)SNV Pathogenic 15630 rs41397847 16:223547-223547 16:173548-173548
12 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.2T>C (p.Met1Thr)SNV Pathogenic 15643 rs111033603 16:222913-222913 16:172914-172914
13 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.349G>T (p.Glu117Ter)SNV Pathogenic 15644 rs33987053 16:223519-223519 16:173520-173520
14 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.96-2A>GSNV Pathogenic 15679 rs41457746 16:223122-223122 16:173123-173123
15 HBA1 HBA1, 21-BP INS-DUPduplication Pathogenic 15879
16 HBA1 HBA1, 33-BP DELdeletion Pathogenic 15880
17 HBA1 HBA1, 1-BP DEL, 354Cdeletion Pathogenic 15892
18 HBA1 , HBA2 , HBM , HBZ , LOC106804612 , LOC106804613 NM_005332.2(HBZ):c.330_*22601deldeletion Pathogenic 38635 16:204300-227000 16:154301-177001
19 HBA1 , HBA2 , LOC106804612 , LOC106804613 NC_000016.9:g.223300_227103deldeletion Pathogenic 38636 16:223300-227103 16:173301-177104
20 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.92_93AG[1] (p.Arg32fs)short repeat Pathogenic 375744 rs1057519637 16:223002-223003 16:173003-173004
21 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.95+2_95+6deldeletion Pathogenic 375746 rs41474145 16:223004-223008 16:173005-173009
22 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.178G>C (p.Gly60Arg)SNV Pathogenic 15688 rs41328049 16:223206-223206 16:173207-173207
23 HBA1 NM_000558.5(HBA1):c.43T>Y (p.Trp15Xaa)SNV Pathogenic 15724 rs33964317 16:226758-226758 16:176759-176759
24 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.*94A>GSNV Pathogenic 375749 rs63751269 16:223693-223693 16:173694-173694
25 HBA1 NM_000558.5(HBA1):c.207C>A (p.Asn69Lys)SNV Pathogenic 375748 rs1060339 16:227039-227039 16:177040-177040
26 HBA1 , HBA2 , LOC106804612 , LOC106804613 deletion Pathogenic 433555 16:172007-177537
27 HBA1 NC_000016.9:g.(?_201208)_(232141_?)deldeletion Pathogenic 487442 16:201208-232141 16:151209-182142
28 HBA1 NC_000016.9:g.(?_219779)_(232141_?)deldeletion Pathogenic 487448 16:219779-232141 16:169780-182142
29 HBA1 , HBA2 GRCh37/hg19 16p13.3(chr16:221962-228406)copy number loss Pathogenic 625828 16:221962-228406
30 HBA1 , HBA2 , HBM , HBQ1 GRCh37/hg19 16p13.3(chr16:216075-231021)copy number loss Pathogenic 625829 16:216075-231021
31 HBA2 deletion Pathogenic 375752
32 HBA1 , HBA2 NG_000006.1:g.32867_38062del5196deletion Pathogenic 375753
33 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.313T>C (p.Cys105Arg)SNV Pathogenic 804215 16:223483-223483 16:173484-173484
34 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.-138C>ASNV Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic 393701 rs33944208 11:5248389-5248389 11:5227159-5227159
35 HBB NM_000518.5(HBB):c.-137C>ASNV Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic 36285 rs33941377 11:5248388-5248388 11:5227158-5227158
36 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.207C>G (p.Asn69Lys)SNV Likely pathogenic 375747 rs111033601 16:223235-223235 16:173236-173236
37 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.268_280del (p.His90fs)deletion Likely pathogenic 635430 16:223295-223307 16:173296-173308
38 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.70G>T (p.Glu24Ter)SNV Likely pathogenic 15686 rs281864819 16:222981-222981 16:172982-172982
39 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.69C>T (p.Gly23=)SNV Likely pathogenic 15687 rs63751457 16:222980-222980 16:172981-172981
40 HBA1 NM_000558.5(HBA1):c.223G>C (p.Asp75His)SNV Uncertain significance 15733 rs28928875 16:227055-227055 16:177056-177056
41 HBA2 NM_000517.4:c.-2_-3delACdeletion no interpretation for the single variant 375757
42 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.339C>G (p.His113Gln)SNV no interpretation for the single variant 375759 rs63750404 16:223509-223509 16:173510-173510
43 HBA2 NM_000517.6(HBA2):c.340_351del (p.Leu114_Glu117del)deletion no interpretation for the single variant 375758 rs63751471 16:223510-223521 16:173511-173522

Expression for Alpha-Thalassemia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Alpha-Thalassemia.

Pathways for Alpha-Thalassemia

GO Terms for Alpha-Thalassemia

Cellular components related to Alpha-Thalassemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 blood microparticle GO:0072562 9.73 TFRC HP HBG2 HBB HBA2 HBA1
2 endocytic vesicle lumen GO:0071682 9.46 HP HBB HBA2 HBA1
3 hemoglobin complex GO:0005833 9.43 HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 HBA1
4 pericentric heterochromatin GO:0005721 9.32 HELLS ATRX
5 haptoglobin-hemoglobin complex GO:0031838 9.17 HP HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2

Biological processes related to Alpha-Thalassemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 11)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 receptor-mediated endocytosis GO:0006898 9.77 TFRC HP HBB HBA2 HBA1
2 cellular oxidant detoxification GO:0098869 9.7 HP HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2
3 bicarbonate transport GO:0015701 9.63 HBB HBA2 HBA1
4 response to hydrogen peroxide GO:0042542 9.62 HP HBB HBA2 HBA1
5 acute-phase response GO:0006953 9.61 UGT1A1 HP EPO
6 erythrocyte maturation GO:0043249 9.58 HBZ G6PD EPO
7 positive regulation of cell death GO:0010942 9.56 HP HBB HBA2 HBA1
8 DNA methylation GO:0006306 9.49 HELLS ATRX
9 Sertoli cell development GO:0060009 9.48 SOX8 ATRX
10 hydrogen peroxide catabolic process GO:0042744 9.43 HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 HBA1
11 oxygen transport GO:0015671 9.1 HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 HBA1

Molecular functions related to Alpha-Thalassemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 heme binding GO:0020037 9.85 HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 HBA1
2 peroxidase activity GO:0004601 9.8 HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 HBA1
3 oxygen binding GO:0019825 9.73 HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 HBA1
4 oxygen carrier activity GO:0005344 9.63 HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 HBA1
5 hemoglobin alpha binding GO:0031721 9.58 HBG2 HBG1 HBB
6 hemoglobin binding GO:0030492 9.43 HP HBB
7 organic acid binding GO:0043177 9.43 HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 HBA1
8 haptoglobin binding GO:0031720 9.1 HBZ HBG2 HBG1 HBB HBA2 HBA1

Sources for Alpha-Thalassemia

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 TGDB
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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