MCID: ANL022
MIFTS: 44

Anal Fistula

Categories: Gastrointestinal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Anal Fistula

MalaCards integrated aliases for Anal Fistula:

Name: Anal Fistula 38 12 59 15
Anorectal Fistula 73

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

59
anal fistula
Prevalence: 1-5/10000 (Europe);

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0060328
ICD10 33 K60.3
Orphanet 59 ORPHA228113
UMLS via Orphanet 74 C0205929
ICD10 via Orphanet 34 K60.3
UMLS 73 C0149889

Summaries for Anal Fistula

Disease Ontology : 12 An anus disease characterized by is an abnormal connection between the epithelialised surface of the anal canal and the perianal skin.

MalaCards based summary : Anal Fistula, also known as anorectal fistula, is related to colorectal adenocarcinoma and peri-anal fistula. An important gene associated with Anal Fistula is MLH1 (MutL Homolog 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Endometrial cancer and Pathways in cancer. The drugs Bupivacaine and Fentanyl have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include skin, colon and small intestine, and related phenotype is digestive/alimentary.

Wikipedia : 76 Anal fistula (plural fistulae), or fistula-in-ano, is a chronic abnormal communication between the... more...

Related Diseases for Anal Fistula

Diseases related to Anal Fistula via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 60)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 colorectal adenocarcinoma 29.8 MLH1 MSH2
2 peri-anal fistula 12.2
3 nijmegen breakage syndrome 11.0
4 appendix carcinoid tumor 10.4 MLH1 MSH2
5 adenosquamous colon carcinoma 10.4 MLH1 MSH2
6 lower lip cancer 10.4 MLH1 MSH2
7 melanocytic nevus syndrome, congenital 10.4 MLH1 MSH2
8 childhood kidney cell carcinoma 10.4 MLH1 MSH2
9 lynch syndrome i 10.4 MLH1 MSH2
10 cecum adenocarcinoma 10.4 MLH1 MSH2
11 sebaceous adenocarcinoma 10.4 MLH1 MSH2
12 small intestine cancer 10.3 MLH1 MSH2
13 muir-torre syndrome 10.3 MLH1 MSH2
14 crohn's disease 10.3
15 keratoacanthoma 10.3 MLH1 MSH2
16 intestinal benign neoplasm 10.3 MLH1 MSH2
17 skin benign neoplasm 10.3 MLH1 MSH2
18 mismatch repair cancer syndrome 10.3 MLH1 MSH2
19 familial colorectal cancer 10.3 MLH1 MSH2
20 adenocarcinoma 10.3
21 colorectal adenoma 10.2 MLH1 MSH2
22 hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome 10.2 MLH1 MSH2
23 cheilitis 10.2 MMP9 MSH2
24 autosomal genetic disease 10.2 MLH1 MSH2
25 folliculitis 10.2 DEFB4A EGF
26 gingivitis 10.1 DEFB4A MMP9
27 rectal neoplasm 10.1 MLH1 MSH2
28 familial adenomatous polyposis 10.1 MLH1 MSH2
29 mucinous adenocarcinoma 10.1
30 mucositis 10.0
31 autosomal dominant disease 10.0 MLH1 MSH2
32 anus disease 9.9
33 inflammatory bowel disease 9.8
34 histiocytosis 9.8
35 female reproductive organ cancer 9.8 MLH1 MMP9 MSH2
36 gastrointestinal system cancer 9.8 MLH1 MMP9 MSH2
37 rectal disease 9.8 AHSP KIDINS220
38 periodontal disease 9.7 DEFB4A MMP9
39 sebaceous adenoma 9.7 EGF MLH1 MSH2
40 currarino syndrome 9.7
41 pelvic organ prolapse 9.7
42 langerhans cell histiocytosis 9.7
43 arthritis 9.7
44 diabetes mellitus 9.7
45 tuberculous epididymitis 9.7
46 squamous cell carcinoma 9.7
47 hidradenitis suppurativa 9.7
48 hidradenitis 9.7
49 pulmonary tuberculosis 9.7
50 proctitis 9.7

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Anal Fistula:



Diseases related to Anal Fistula

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Anal Fistula

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Anal Fistula:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 digestive/alimentary MP:0005381 8.92 EGF MLH1 MMP9 MSH2

Drugs & Therapeutics for Anal Fistula

Drugs for Anal Fistula (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 61)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Bupivacaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Not Applicable 2180-92-9, 38396-39-3 2474
2
Fentanyl Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 437-38-7 3345
3
Prilocaine Approved Phase 4 721-50-6 4906
4 Anesthetics Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
5 Adjuvants, Anesthesia Phase 4
6 Analgesics Phase 4,Not Applicable
7 Analgesics, Opioid Phase 4
8 Anesthetics, General Phase 4,Phase 2
9 Anesthetics, Intravenous Phase 4
10 Anesthetics, Local Phase 4,Not Applicable
11 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4
12 Narcotics Phase 4
13 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4
14
Adalimumab Approved Phase 2, Phase 3,Not Applicable 331731-18-1 16219006
15 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 2, Phase 3,Not Applicable
16 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 2, Phase 3,Not Applicable
17 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 3,Not Applicable
18 Coagulants Phase 3
19 Fibrin Tissue Adhesive Phase 3
20 Hemostatics Phase 3
21 silver nitrate Approved, Investigational
22
Epinephrine Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 51-43-4 5816
23
Metronidazole Approved Not Applicable 443-48-1 4173
24
Racepinephrine Approved Not Applicable 329-65-7 838
25
Silicon Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 7440-21-3 4082203
26
Amoxicillin Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 26787-78-0 33613
27
Hydrogen peroxide Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 7722-84-1 784
28
Povidone-iodine Approved Not Applicable 25655-41-8
29
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Not Applicable 50-02-2 5743
30
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 137-58-6 3676
31
Phenytoin Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 57-41-0 1775
32
Clindamycin Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 18323-44-9 29029
33
Miconazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Not Applicable 22916-47-8 4189
34
Salicylic acid Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Not Applicable 69-72-7 338
35 Vedolizumab Approved 943609-66-3
36
Certolizumab pegol Approved 428863-50-7
37 Anti-Infective Agents ,Not Applicable
38 Anti-Infective Agents, Local ,Not Applicable
39 Anti-Bacterial Agents Not Applicable
40 Antibiotics, Antitubercular Not Applicable
41 Epinephryl borate Not Applicable
42 Disinfectants
43 Turmeric extract ,Not Applicable
44 Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination Not Applicable
45 Antitubercular Agents Not Applicable
46 beta-Lactamase Inhibitors Not Applicable
47 Clavulanic Acid Not Applicable
48 BB 1101 Not Applicable
49 Dexamethasone acetate Not Applicable 1177-87-3
50 Anticonvulsants Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 61)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 A Prospective Evaluation of the Strattice-LIFT to Treat Anal Fistula Unknown status NCT02423330 Phase 4
2 Discharge Conditions of Spinal Anesthesia With Heavy Prilocaine-Fentanyl and Heavy Bupivacaine-Fentanyl Completed NCT01880775 Phase 4 Prilocaine;Bupivacaine
3 Anal Fistula Repair With Platelet-rich Plasma Withdrawn NCT02678936 Phase 4
4 Therapeutic Management of Complex Anal Fistulas by Installing a Closure Clip: Multicentre Randomized Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT02336867 Phase 2, Phase 3
5 Ligation of Intersphincteric Fistula Tract (LIFT) Versus LIFT-plug Procedure for Anal Fistula Repair Unknown status NCT01478139 Phase 3
6 Feasibility Study to Assess the Early Use of Porcine Cross-linked Collagen Paste in Cryptoglandular Anorectal Fistulas Unknown status NCT02686580 Phase 3
7 Treatment of Perirectal Fistula With Cutting Seton vs. Collagen Plug Completed NCT00450671 Phase 3
8 Efficacy and Safety of Adipose Stem Cells to Treat Complex Perianal Fistulas Not Associated to Crohn´s Disease Completed NCT00475410 Phase 3 ASCs (Cx401, company code);Fibrin adhesive
9 Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Stem Cells Completed NCT01803347 Phase 3 ◦Drug: ASCs. + fibrin glue;fibrin glue
10 A Study of Adalimumab for the Maintenance of Clinical Remission in Japanese Subjects With Crohn's Disease Completed NCT00445432 Phase 2, Phase 3
11 Adipose Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Induction of Remission in Perianal Fistulizing Crohn's Disease Active, not recruiting NCT01541579 Phase 3
12 Seton or Glue for Trans-sphincteric Anal Fistulas Terminated NCT00929630 Phase 3
13 A Prospective European Post-Market Clinical Evaluation of the CuraSeal Percutaneous Intraluminal Closure System for Anorectal Fistulas Unknown status NCT02456324 Phase 2
14 An Innovative Treatment for Fistula-in-ano in Crohn Disease : Local Micro Reinjection of Autologous Fat and SVF Unknown status NCT02520843 Phase 1, Phase 2 stromal vascular fraction (SVF)
15 Autologous Stem Cells Derived From Lipoaspirates for the Non-Surgical Treatment of Complex Perianal Fistula Unknown status NCT00115466 Phase 2
16 Success Rate, Continence, and Quality of Life With a Bioprosthetic Plug for Treating Complex Anal Fistula Completed NCT01612195 Phase 2
17 Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Expanded Allogenic Adipose-derived Stem Cells (eASCs) (Cx601), for Treatment of Complex Perianal Fistulas in Perianal Crohn's Disease. Completed NCT01372969 Phase 1, Phase 2 Cx601
18 Pediatric MSC-AFP Sub-study for Crohn's Fistula Recruiting NCT03449069 Phase 1 MSC-AFP
19 Anal Fistula Plug Versus Endorectal Advancement Flap Unknown status NCT01931371 Not Applicable
20 Ligation of Intersphincteric Fistula Tract (LIFT) Procedure Versus Use of an Anal Fistula Plug for Anal Fistula Repair Unknown status NCT00830661 Not Applicable
21 Effectiveness of Silver Nitrate Solution in the Treatment of Anal Fistula Unknown status NCT01929525
22 The Efficacy of Human Acellular Dermal Matrix in the Treatment of Anal Fistula Unknown status NCT00951002
23 Is the Use of Blood Platelets Effective in the Treatment of Difficult Fistulas Related to the Anal Sphincter? Unknown status NCT01615302 Not Applicable
24 Surgical Treatment of High Perianal Fistulas Unknown status NCT01997645 Not Applicable
25 Anal Crohn Fistula Surgery Unknown status NCT01388257 Not Applicable
26 Packing of Perianal Abscess Cavities Trial: A Randomised Multicentre Trial Comparing Packing With Non-packing of the Abscess Cavity Unknown status NCT01739478 Not Applicable
27 Trial on Use of Coloshield in Transanal and Anal Surgery Unknown status NCT02579330 Not Applicable
28 Surgisis Anal Fistula Plug Study: An Experience in Saudi Arabia Completed NCT00703131
29 Ligation of the Intersphincteric Fistula Tract (LIFT) + Biodesign for Anal Fistula Completed NCT01602081
30 A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Surgisis AFP to Advancement Flap for the Repair of Anal Fistulas Completed NCT00545441 Not Applicable
31 Treatment of Anal Fistulas Advancement Flap Completed NCT01042821 Not Applicable
32 Anal Fistula Treatment Outcome - Collagen Plug Versus Advancement Flap Surgery Completed NCT01021774 Not Applicable
33 Management of Fistula in Ano by Kshar Sutra, Para Surgical Procedure. Completed NCT01880398
34 Role of Udumbara Sutra in the Management of Fistula in Ano a Rare Case Study Completed NCT01954225 Not Applicable
35 Do Antibiotics Prevent Anal Fistulae Formation? Completed NCT01012843 Not Applicable Amoxicillin-Clavulanate;Placebo
36 A Prospective, Multi-center, Observational Study of the Use of Permacol™ Collagen Paste to Treat Anorectal Fistulas Completed NCT01624350
37 Micro-fragmented Adipose Tissue and Complex Crohns' Anal Fistulas Completed NCT03555773 Not Applicable
38 Management of Vaginal Fistula by Kshar Sutra, a Minimally Invasive Treatment Completed NCT01864473 Not Applicable
39 Ultrasound Guided Caudal Block for Benign Anal Surgery Completed NCT03345511 Not Applicable
40 Causes of Low Digestive Bleeding in Proctology Completed NCT02846285
41 Multicenter Prospective Evaluation of Radiofrequency for Anal Fistulas Recruiting NCT03131297 Not Applicable
42 Treatment of Anal Fistula With Lasercoagulation Recruiting NCT03017898 Not Applicable
43 Endoscopic Treatment of Complex Anal Fistulas Recruiting NCT02585167 Not Applicable
44 VAAFT Vs SETON in the Management of High Peri Anal Fistula Recruiting NCT02313597 Not Applicable
45 Randomized Trial on the Effect of Topical Phenytoin on Healing After Fistulotomy Recruiting NCT03096522 Not Applicable Phenytoin 2% spray
46 A Pilot Study to Assess the Efficacy of an Anorectal Fistula Plug With Sealing of the Internal Opening (Curaseal AF) as a Treatment for Perianal Fistula Recruiting NCT03381365 Not Applicable
47 Aspiration Treatment of Perianal Abscess Recruiting NCT02585141 Not Applicable Clindamycin
48 Multicenter Study for Diagnosis and Treatment of Perianal Abscesses Recruiting NCT02306382 Not Applicable
49 A Study to Assess the Effectiveness and Safety of Treatment With Vedolizumab in Adult Participants With Ulcerative Colitis (UC) or Crohn's Disease (CD) in Real Life Recruiting NCT03378388
50 Retrospective Review of the Cook Biodesign® Fistula Plug to Treat Anorectal Fistulas Active, not recruiting NCT03321266

Search NIH Clinical Center for Anal Fistula

Cell-based therapeutics:


LifeMap Discovery
Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
Read about Anal Fistula cell therapies at LifeMap Discovery.

Genetic Tests for Anal Fistula

Anatomical Context for Anal Fistula

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Anal Fistula:

41
Skin, Colon, Small Intestine

Publications for Anal Fistula

Articles related to Anal Fistula:

(show top 50) (show all 367)
# Title Authors Year
1
Rare case of sacrococcygeal tuberculosis mimicking as an anal fistula. ( 29966953 )
2018
2
OTSCAr Proctology vs. fistulectomy and primary sphincter reconstruction as a treatment for low trans-sphincteric anal fistula in a randomized controlled pilot trial. ( 29397638 )
2018
3
A gastric feeding tube as a non-traumatic fistula probe during anal fistula repair. ( 29785702 )
2018
4
Adipose-derived stem cells (MYSTEMAr EVOA Technology) as a treatment for complex transsphincteric anal fistula. ( 29721636 )
2018
5
Micro-fragmented adipose tissue injection for the treatment of complex anal fistula: a pilot study accessing safety and feasibility. ( 29453515 )
2018
6
Video-assisted anal fistula treatment: a high volume unit initial experience. ( 29046093 )
2018
7
Analysis and description of disease-specific quality of life in patients with anal fistula. ( 29452968 )
2018
8
Silk Fibroin-Based Fibrous Anal Fistula Plug with Drug Delivery Function. ( 29411947 )
2018
9
Permacola8c Collagen Paste Injection in Anal Fistula Treatment: A Retrospective Study with One-Year Follow-Up. ( 29968009 )
2018
10
Impact of Smoking on Anal Abscess and Anal Fistula Diseases. ( 29692373 )
2018
11
Draining Seton, Does It Have a Place as the Sole Treatment for Anal Fistula? ( 29878955 )
2018
12
Symptom amelioration in Crohn's perianal fistulas using video assisted anal fistula treatment (VAAFT). ( 29800373 )
2018
13
Laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection for the treatment of a mucinous adenocarcinoma associated with an anal fistula. ( 29593864 )
2018
14
Diagnostic performance of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI for assessment of anal fistula activity. ( 29370278 )
2018
15
Video-Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment (VAAFT) in the management of complex anal fistula: single center experience of 224 consecutive patients. ( 29366306 )
2018
16
Factibility and security study of the PICS-AFa8c plug for the treatment of cryptoglandular anal fistula. ( 28411889 )
2017
17
Systematic review of surgical interventions for Crohn's anal fistula. ( 29951607 )
2017
18
Design and Psychometric Evaluation of the Quality of Life in Patients With Anal Fistula Questionnaire. ( 28891853 )
2017
19
Predictive factors for recurrence of high transsphincteric anal fistula after placement of seton. ( 28601324 )
2017
20
Combined treatment approach to chronic anal fissure with associated anal fistula. ( 29205737 )
2017
21
Selected Techniques of Anal Fistula Surgery from Antiquity Through the Early 20th Century Illustrated. ( 28481858 )
2017
22
A Systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of video-assisted anal fistula treatment (VAAFT). ( 29052068 )
2017
23
Comments on the Article, "Selected Techniques of Anal Fistula Surgery from Antiquity Through the Early 20th Century". ( 29112572 )
2017
24
Randomized clinical trial comparing collagen plug and advancement flap for trans-sphincteric anal fistula. ( 28489253 )
2017
25
Video-Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment (VAAFT) for Complex Anal Fistula: A Preliminary Evaluation in China. ( 28456815 )
2017
26
A novel model of acellular dermal matrix plug for anal fistula treatment. Report of a case and surgical consideration based on first utility in Poland. ( 28905805 )
2017
27
Sphincter-Sparing Anal Fistula Repair: Are We Getting Better? ( 28891851 )
2017
28
Anal fistula height: is the proportion of sphincteric muscle involved really useful? ( 28510310 )
2017
29
The best surgical strategy for anal fistula based on a network meta-analysis. ( 29228753 )
2017
30
Advancement Flap Technique for Anal Fistula in Patients With Crohn's Disease: A Systematic Review of the Literature. ( 29037747 )
2017
31
Clinical efficacy of adalimumab versus infliximab and the factors associated with recurrence or aggravation during treatment of anal fistulas in Crohn's disease. ( 28522947 )
2017
32
Pathogenesis and persistence of cryptoglandular anal fistula: a systematic review. ( 28620877 )
2017
33
What happens after a failed LIFT for anal fistula? ( 29146001 )
2017
34
Discussion of: "What happens after a failed LIFT for anal fistula?" ( 29146002 )
2017
35
Final results of a European, multi-centre, prospective, observational Study of Permacol(a8c) collagen paste injection for the treatment of anal fistula. ( 28493393 )
2017
36
Synchronous mucinous adenocarcinoma of the recto sigmoid revealed by and seeding an anal fistula. (A case report and review of the literature). ( 28641190 )
2017
37
Ozone Treatment for Chronic Anal Fistula: It Is Not Promising. ( 28827904 )
2017
38
Transanal opening of intersphincteric space (TROPIS) - A new procedure to treat high complex anal fistula. ( 28259693 )
2017
39
Video-Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment: Pros and Cons of This Minimally Invasive Method for Treatment of Perianal Fistulas. ( 28680443 )
2017
40
Root extractive from Daphne genkwa benefits in wound healing of anal fistula through up-regulation of collagen genes in human skin fibroblasts. ( 28396516 )
2017
41
Anal fistula surgery: what are the patients expecting from the surgeon? ( 28597083 )
2017
42
Video-Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment (VAAFT) in Cryptoglandular fistula-in-ano: A systematic review and proportional meta-analysis. ( 28882770 )
2017
43
Patterns of recurrence/persistence of criptoglandular anal fistula after the LIFT procedure. Long-term observacional study. ( 28669408 )
2017
44
Pilonidal disease mimicking anterior anal fistula and associated with posterior anal fistula: a two-step surgery. Case report. ( 29442064 )
2017
45
Advancement Flap for Treatment of Complex Cryptoglandular Anal Fistula: Prediction of Therapy Success or Failure Using Anamnestic and Clinical Parameters. ( 28337531 )
2017
46
The anal fistula plug in Crohn's disease patients with fistula-in-ano: a systematic review. ( 26749385 )
2016
47
Comparison of Endoanal Ultrasound with Clinical Diagnosis in Anal Fistula Assessment. ( 27266219 )
2016
48
Results of the Gore Bio-A fistula plug implantation in the treatment of anal fistula: a multicentre study. ( 27418257 )
2016
49
Similar outcomes for anti-tumor necrosis factor-I+ antibody and immunosuppressant following seton drainage in patients with Crohn's disease-related anal fistula. ( 27588113 )
2016
50
Treating anal fistula with the anal fistula plug: case series report of 12 patients. ( 27280009 )
2016

Variations for Anal Fistula

Expression for Anal Fistula

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Anal Fistula.

Pathways for Anal Fistula

GO Terms for Anal Fistula

Cellular components related to Anal Fistula according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 mismatch repair complex GO:0032300 8.62 MLH1 MSH2

Biological processes related to Anal Fistula according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 activation of MAPKK activity GO:0000186 9.48 EGF KIDINS220
2 intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to DNA damage GO:0008630 9.46 MLH1 MSH2
3 mismatch repair GO:0006298 9.43 MLH1 MSH2
4 positive regulation of DNA binding GO:0043388 9.4 EGF MMP9
5 somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin genes GO:0016446 9.37 MLH1 MSH2
6 isotype switching GO:0045190 9.32 MLH1 MSH2
7 positive regulation of isotype switching to IgG isotypes GO:0048304 9.26 MLH1 MSH2
8 positive regulation of isotype switching to IgA isotypes GO:0048298 9.16 MLH1 MSH2
9 somatic recombination of immunoglobulin gene segments GO:0016447 8.96 MLH1 MSH2
10 somatic recombination of immunoglobulin genes involved in immune response GO:0002204 8.62 MLH1 MSH2

Molecular functions related to Anal Fistula according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 mismatched DNA binding GO:0030983 8.96 MLH1 MSH2
2 guanine/thymine mispair binding GO:0032137 8.62 MLH1 MSH2

Sources for Anal Fistula

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
Content
Loading form....