Aliases & Classifications for Anoxia

MalaCards integrated aliases for Anoxia:

Name: Anoxia 53 71

External Ids:

UMLS 71 C0003130

Summaries for Anoxia

NINDS : 53 Cerebral hypoxia refers to a condition in which there is a decrease of oxygen supply to the brain even though there is adequate blood flow. Drowning, strangling, choking, suffocation, cardiac arrest, head trauma, carbon monoxide poisoning, and complications of general anesthesia can create conditions that can lead to cerebral hypoxia. Symptoms of mild cerebral hypoxia include inattentiveness, poor judgment, memory loss, and a decrease in motor coordination. Brain cells are extremely sensitive to oxygen deprivation and can begin to die within five minutes after oxygen supply has been cut off. When hypoxia lasts for longer periods of time, it can cause coma, seizures, and even brain death.  In brain death, there is no measurable activity in the brain, although cardiovascular function is preserved. Life support is required for respiration.

MalaCards based summary : Anoxia is related to retinal ischemia and cerebral hypoxia, and has symptoms including dyspnea, respiratory distress and cyanosis. An important gene associated with Anoxia is STK25 (Serine/Threonine Kinase 25), and among its related pathways/superpathways are amb2 Integrin signaling and Doxorubicin Pathway, Pharmacokinetics. The drugs Fentanyl and Omeprazole have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, heart and liver, and related phenotypes are Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) and Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2)

Wikipedia : 74 The term anoxia means a total depletion in the level of oxygen, an extreme form of hypoxia or "low... more...

Related Diseases for Anoxia

Diseases related to Anoxia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 207)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 retinal ischemia 29.7 SOD1 ICAM1
2 cerebral hypoxia 11.6
3 acute mountain sickness 11.3
4 hypoxia 10.8
5 papillomatosis, confluent and reticulated 10.6
6 cardiac arrest 10.6
7 ischemia 10.5
8 hypoglycemia 10.5
9 ocular motor apraxia 10.5
10 encephalopathy 10.4
11 48,xyyy 10.3
12 ventricular fibrillation, paroxysmal familial, 1 10.3
13 cerebral palsy 10.3
14 amnestic disorder 10.2
15 visual epilepsy 10.2
16 lactic acidosis 10.2
17 seizure disorder 10.2
18 cyanosis, transient neonatal 10.2
19 metabolic acidosis 10.2
20 hyperglycemia 10.2
21 myoclonus 10.2
22 heart disease 10.1
23 status epilepticus 10.1
24 sudden infant death syndrome 10.1
25 yemenite deaf-blind hypopigmentation syndrome 10.1
26 myocardial infarction 10.1
27 pertussis 10.1
28 brain edema 10.1
29 polycythemia 10.1
30 neonatal hypoxic and ischemic brain injury 10.1
31 attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder 10.0
32 basal ganglia calcification 10.0
33 hemiplegia 10.0
34 corneal edema 10.0
35 asphyxia neonatorum 10.0
36 disseminated intravascular coagulation 10.0
37 encephalomalacia 10.0
38 poliomyelitis 10.0
39 cerebrovascular disease 10.0
40 b-cell lymphoma 10.0
41 cataract 10.0
42 head injury 10.0
43 persistent vegetative state 10.0
44 inflammatory bowel disease 14 10.0 ICAM1 CCN2
45 crescentic glomerulonephritis 10.0 ICAM1 CCN2
46 colorectal cancer 9.9
47 pheochromocytoma 9.9
48 polykaryocytosis inducer 9.9
49 triiodothyronine receptor auxiliary protein 9.9
50 branchiootic syndrome 1 9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Anoxia:



Diseases related to Anoxia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Anoxia

UMLS symptoms related to Anoxia:


dyspnea, respiratory distress, cyanosis, anoxemia, signs and symptoms, respiratory, labored breathing, symptoms

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Anoxia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26 (show all 24)
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-10 10.22 ACOX1
2 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-107 10.22 ACOX1
3 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-122 10.22 AKR1A1
4 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-142 10.22 ACOX1
5 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-160 10.22 SIRT2
6 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-166 10.22 AKR1A1
7 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-173 10.22 SIRT2
8 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-186 10.22 ACOX1
9 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-19 10.22 SIRT2
10 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-190 10.22 ACOX1 SIRT2
11 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-197 10.22 SIRT2
12 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-25 10.22 SIRT2
13 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-29 10.22 SIRT2
14 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-30 10.22 AKR1A1
15 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-32 10.22 SIRT2
16 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-34 10.22 SIRT2
17 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-55 10.22 SIRT2
18 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-74 10.22 SIRT2
19 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-87 10.22 SIRT2
20 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-91 10.22 SIRT2
21 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-92 10.22 ACOX1 SIRT2
22 shRNA abundance <= 50% GR00343-S 9.35 AKR1A1 ICAM1 OXTR SOD1 STK25
23 Strongly decreased CFP-tsO45G cell surface transport GR00360-A-1 9.23 CCN2 EEF2K OXTR SIRT2
24 Strongly decreased CFP-tsO45G cell surface transport GR00360-A-2 9.23 CCN2 EEF2K OXTR SIRT2

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Anoxia:

45
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cellular MP:0005384 9.5 AKR1A1 CCN2 EEF2K ICAM1 SIRT2 SOD1
2 endocrine/exocrine gland MP:0005379 9.17 ACOX1 CCN2 EEF2K ICAM1 OXTR SIRT2

Drugs & Therapeutics for Anoxia

Drugs for Anoxia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 46)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Fentanyl Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 437-38-7 3345
2
Omeprazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 73590-58-6 4594
3
Metoprolol Approved, Investigational Phase 4 37350-58-6, 51384-51-1 4171
4
Lorazepam Approved Phase 4 846-49-1 3958
5
Etomidate Approved Phase 4 33125-97-2 36339 667484
6
Propofol Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 2078-54-8 4943
7
Desflurane Approved Phase 4 57041-67-5 42113
8
Sevoflurane Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 28523-86-6 5206
9
Isoflurane Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 26675-46-7 3763
10 Anesthetics Phase 4
11 Anesthetics, General Phase 4
12 Anesthetics, Intravenous Phase 4
13 Vecuronium Bromide Phase 4 50700-72-6
14 Bromides Phase 4
15 Hypnotics and Sedatives Phase 4
16 Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors Phase 4
17 Anesthetics, Inhalation Phase 4
18
Pentobarbital Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 3 76-74-4 4737
19
Thiopental Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 76-75-5 3000715
20 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 3
21 GABA Modulators Phase 3
22 Anticonvulsants Phase 3
23 Fluoroazomycin arabinoside Phase 2
24 Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 Phase 2
25 Radiopharmaceuticals Phase 2
26
Doxycycline Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 1 564-25-0 54671203
27
Benzoyl peroxide Approved Phase 1 94-36-0 7187
28
Tretinoin Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical Phase 1 302-79-4 444795 5538
29
Etanidazole Investigational Phase 1 22668-01-5
30 Antiparasitic Agents Phase 1
31 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 1
32 Antiprotozoal Agents Phase 1
33 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 1
34 Antimalarials Phase 1
35
Caffeine Approved 58-08-2 2519
36
Halothane Approved, Vet_approved 151-67-7 3562
37
Morphine Approved, Investigational 57-27-2 5288826
38
Ketamine Approved, Vet_approved 6740-88-1 3821
39 Immunoglobulins
40 Antibodies
41 Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
42 Narcotics
43 Anesthetics, Dissociative
44 Pharmaceutical Solutions
45 Analgesics
46 Analgesics, Opioid

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 36)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Influence of Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Sevoflurane or Propofol Anesthesia on Tissue Oxygen Saturation of Thenar Muscle in Adults. Completed NCT02593448 Phase 4
2 To Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Xinnaoning Capsule in Treating Chronic Stable Angina Pectoris (Qi Stagnation and Blood Stasis Syndrome) : a Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel Controlled, Multi-center Clinical Study Recruiting NCT03914131 Phase 4 Xinnaoning Capsule
3 Delirium Reduction by Volatile Anesthesia in Cardiac Surgery: Prospective, Randomized, Single-blinded Study Recruiting NCT03729011 Phase 4 Volatile agent;Propofol
4 Lateral Cord Magnetic Stimulation For Refractory Spastic Cerebral Palsy - Multicenter Double Blind Randomized and Controlled Trial Not yet recruiting NCT03676439 Phase 2, Phase 3
5 A Randomized Clinical Trial for the Treatment of Refractory Status Epilepticus Terminated NCT00265616 Phase 3 propofol;thiopental/pentobarbital
6 Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Chronic Stable Brain Injury Completed NCT00830453 Phase 2
7 A Phase II Pre-Treatment Hypoxia PET Imaging Study Using 18F-FAZA in Patients With Invasive Duct Carcinoma of the Breast Terminated NCT00771381 Phase 2 18F-FAZA PET scan;FluGlucoScan Injection (18F-FDB) PET scan
8 Remote Ischaemic Conditioning in Endovascular Recanalization for Proximal Anterior Circulation Occlusion (RICE PAC) Study Unknown status NCT03152799 Phase 1
9 Effectiveness of Comedone Extraction and Oral Doxycycline In The First Line Treatment of Moderate Acne Vulgaris: Study on HIF-1 Alpha Expression Completed NCT04206631 Phase 1 Doxycycline Capsule
10 Phase I Trial of EF5, an Agent for the Detection of Hypoxia Completed NCT00003282 Phase 1 EF5
11 Influence of the Administration of Autologous Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells for the Duration of Functioning Aorto-coronary Bypass Grafts in the Surgical Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease Unknown status NCT02059512
12 Evaluation of a Novel Signal Acquisition Technique for Intrapartum Cardiotocography Unknown status NCT03268486
13 Cardioverter Defibrillator Replacement With Induction of Ventricular Fibrillation and Defibrillation Testing Unknown status NCT02513030
14 Functional Outcome After Cardiac Arrest; Prediction and Prognosis Factors for Patients Awake Within the First 15 Days Completed NCT02292147
15 Selective Bronchial Intubation (SBI) at Marie Lannelongue Hospital (HML) : Epidemiology of Expected and Unexpected Difficult Intubations. Completed NCT03204656
16 Performance Comparison of a New Fetal/Maternal Monitor With an FDA-cleared Method Completed NCT01889316
17 Multimodal Magnetic Resonance (MRI) Development in Comatose Patients for an Algorithm in the Prediction of Consciousness Recovery Completed NCT00577954
18 Cerebral Near-infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) Monitoring Throughout Caesarean Deliveries Completed NCT02473978
19 Pilot Study : Evaluation of a Mandibular and Abdominal Motion Detection Sensors (JAWAC) to Prevent Apnea During Sedation With Propofol in TCI Mode Completed NCT02909309
20 Repeated tDCS in Chronic Minimally Conscious State Patients : a Sham-controlled Randomized Double Blind Study Completed NCT02019615
21 Establishing 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Based Metabonomics Fingerprinting Profile for Severe Poly Trauma Patients Completed NCT01279239
22 The Role of Perioperative Ventilation (Gas Exchange) During Intrabdominal Surgery on Cognitive Function: a Randomized Clinical Study Completed NCT02267031
23 MRI & CT Angiogram and Hyperbaric Oxygen in Chronic Stable Brain Injury Completed NCT01126515
24 Reproducibility of 6 Minute Walk Tests for Oxygen Desaturation Completed NCT00740220
25 Accuracy Validation of the Cadwell Pulse Oximetry System Completed NCT02842476
26 Bone Loss, Fractures, and Management of Bone Health in People With Stroke in Managed Rehabilitation Settings Completed NCT00462683
27 Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity Evaluated by Transcranial Doppler Recruiting NCT03457090
28 Population at Risk of Malignant Hyperthermia: Ambispective Cohort. Recruiting NCT04287556
29 In Living Donor Hepatectomy Cases, the Preoperative and Postoperative Relationship Between s100β, NSE and GFAP Levels and Postoperative Delirium Recruiting NCT04422925
30 The Home-Use of Semiconducting QUantum Excitonic Device: Image Converter/Sound Converter/Electromagnetic Converter to Improve Communicative Efforts, Speech, Language and Related Cognitive Functions in Children With Autism Recruiting NCT03222375
31 Effect of Endotracheal Tube Plus STYLET Versus Endotracheal Tube Alone on Successful First-Pass Orotracheal Intubation Among Critically Ill Patients: the Randomised STYLETO Study Protocol" Active, not recruiting NCT04079387
32 The NEUROlogically-impaired Extubation Timing Trial Active, not recruiting NCT02920580
33 Evaluation of Cerebral, Hemodynamic and Neuronal Activities in Neonates in the Immediate Postpartum Not yet recruiting NCT04225975
34 The NEUROlogically-impaired Extubation Timing Trial Not yet recruiting NCT04291235
35 Treatment of Patients With Morphine or/and Ketamine During Out-of-hospital Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation Not yet recruiting NCT04009759 Morphine;Ketamine Injectable Solution;Saline 0.9%
36 Pancreatic Islet Transplantation to the Anterior Chamber of the Eye Suspended NCT04198350

Search NIH Clinical Center for Anoxia

Genetic Tests for Anoxia

Anatomical Context for Anoxia

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Anoxia:

40
Brain, Heart, Liver, Endothelial, Cortex, Lung, Kidney

Publications for Anoxia

Articles related to Anoxia:

(show top 50) (show all 9372)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Pioneering on single-sludge nitrification/denitrification at 50 °C. 61
32213375 2020
2
Fifty years of ecological changes: Regime shifts and drivers in a coastal Mediterranean lagoon during oligotrophication. 61
32438187 2020
3
Mistimed H2S upregulation, Nrf2 activation and antioxidant proteins levels in renal tubular epithelial cells subjected to anoxia and reoxygenation. 61
32509306 2020
4
Impairment of nociceptive responses after neonatal anoxia correlates with somatosensory thalamic damage: A study in rats. 61
32422237 2020
5
Internal phosphorus loading in a small shallow Lake: Response after sediment removal. 61
32305643 2020
6
1H NMR-based metabolomic analysis of cuttlefish, Sepia pharaonis (Ehrenberg, 1831) exposed to hypoxia stresses and post-anoxia recovery. 61
32305752 2020
7
Responses of AG1 and AG2 QTL introgression lines and seed pre-treatment on growth and physiological processes during anaerobic germination of rice under flooding. 61
32576897 2020
8
Tracing lake pollution, eutrophication and partial recovery from the sediments of Windermere, UK, using geochemistry and sediment microfabrics. 61
32199357 2020
9
Sensory, olfactometric and chemical characterization of the aroma potential of Garnacha and Tempranillo winemaking grapes. 61
32569964 2020
10
Activated carbon stimulates microbial diversity and PAH biodegradation under anaerobic conditions in oil-polluted sediments. 61
32007777 2020
11
Phylum-level diversity of the microbiome of the extremophilic basidiomycete fungus Pisolithus arhizus (Scop.) Rauschert: An island of biodiversity in a thermal soil desert. 61
32478485 2020
12
Penehyclidine hydrochloride protects against anoxia/reoxygenation injury in cardiomyocytes through ATP-sensitive potassium channels, and the Akt/GSK-3β and Akt/mTOR signaling pathways. 61
32125033 2020
13
Disruption of mitochondrial dynamics increases stress resistance through activation of multiple stress response pathways. 61
32385951 2020
14
H2S-producing enzymes in anoxia-tolerant vertebrates: Effects of cold acclimation, anoxia exposure and reoxygenation on gene and protein expression. 61
32105700 2020
15
Inhibition of GPR35 Preserves Mitochondrial Function After Myocardial Infarction by Targeting Calpain 1/2. 61
32195756 2020
16
Trade-offs in soil carbon protection mechanisms under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. 61
32227617 2020
17
Photostability of organic red food dyes. 61
32000082 2020
18
Regulation of antioxidant systems in response to anoxia and reoxygenation in Rana sylvatica. 61
32247058 2020
19
Resting Stages of Skeletonema marinoi Assimilate Nitrogen From the Ambient Environment Under Dark, Anoxic Conditions. 61
32012281 2020
20
From drought to flood: Sudden carbon inflow causes whole-lake anoxia and massive fish kill in a large shallow lake. 61
32554120 2020
21
Autotaxin inhibition attenuates endothelial permeability after ischemia-reperfusion injury. 61
32390607 2020
22
DJ-1 alleviates anoxia and hypoglycemia injury in cardiac microvascular via AKT and GSH. 61
32445781 2020
23
A network of RNA-binding proteins controls translation efficiency to activate anaerobic metabolism. 61
32472050 2020
24
Increased GABAergic inhibitory function against ischemic long-term potentiation in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. 61
32238266 2020
25
Experimental taphonomy of fish - role of elevated pressure, salinity and pH. 61
32398712 2020
26
Variation in phytoplankton community and its implication to dimethylsulphide production at a coastal station off Goa, India. 61
32275508 2020
27
Role of adenosine in functional recovery following anoxic coma in Locusta migratoria. 61
32416084 2020
28
Large mass-independent sulphur isotope anomalies link stratospheric volcanism to the Late Ordovician mass extinction. 61
32385286 2020
29
The calcineurin β-like interacting protein kinase CIPK25 regulates potassium homeostasis under low oxygen in Arabidopsis. 61
32053194 2020
30
Induction of foxo3a protects turtle neurons against oxidative stress. 61
32044446 2020
31
Habitat characteristics mediated partitioning of economically important bivalves in a tropical monsoon-influenced estuary. 61
32440870 2020
32
The OxymiR response to oxygen limitation: a comparative microRNA perspective. 61
32424008 2020
33
Tolerant mechanisms to O2 deficiency under submergence conditions in plants. 61
32185673 2020
34
Macelignan protects against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury via inhibition of inflammation and apoptosis of renal epithelial cells. 61
32359384 2020
35
[Acupuncture improves locomotor activity and learning-memory ability by improving hippocampal cellular autophagy in rats with fetal intrauterine distress]. 61
32333531 2020
36
Neonatal white matter damage and the fetal inflammatory response. 61
32299712 2020
37
Warm afterglow from the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event drives the success of deep-adapted brachiopods. 61
32300235 2020
38
A theoretical cell-killing model to evaluate oxygen enhancement ratios at DNA damage and cell survival endpoints in radiation therapy. 61
32135526 2020
39
Mitigation of methylmercury production in eutrophic waters by interfacial oxygen nanobubbles. 61
32059129 2020
40
Influence of donor brain death duration on outcomes following heart transplantation: A United Network for Organ Sharing Registry analysis. 61
31147170 2020
41
LncRNA XIST promotes myocardial infarction by regulating FOS through targeting miR-101a-3p. 61
32315985 2020
42
Volcanic related methylmercury poisoning as the possible driver of the end-Devonian Mass Extinction. 61
32355245 2020
43
Impaired Vps34 complex activity-mediated autophagy inhibition contributes to endothelial progenitor cells damage in the ischemic conditions. 61
32029275 2020
44
Persistent global marine euxinia in the early Silurian. 61
32286253 2020
45
Anoxia remediation and internal loading modulation in eutrophic lakes using geoengineering method based on oxygen nanobubbles. 61
31982760 2020
46
Anoxia Effects in Asphyxiated Green Sea Turtles (Chelonia mydas) Caught in an Artisanal Fishing Net on the Coast of Brazil. 61
32359637 2020
47
Hepatic transcriptome of the freeze-tolerant Cope's gray treefrog, Dryophytes chrysoscelis: responses to cold acclimation and freezing. 61
32164545 2020
48
The genus Tragopogon (Asteraceae): A review of its traditional uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties. 61
31837413 2020
49
Scutellarin protects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury by suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome activation. 61
31999976 2020
50
Long non‑coding RNA GAS5 regulates myocardial ischemia‑reperfusion injury through the PI3K/AKT apoptosis pathway by sponging miR‑532‑5p. 61
31985016 2020

Variations for Anoxia

Expression for Anoxia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Anoxia.

Pathways for Anoxia

Pathways related to Anoxia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 10.64 ICAM1 CCN2
2
Show member pathways
10.23 SOD1 AKR1A1

GO Terms for Anoxia

Biological processes related to Anoxia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 13)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 response to drug GO:0042493 9.65 SOD1 OXTR ICAM1
2 positive regulation of synapse assembly GO:0051965 9.52 OXTR EEF2K
3 response to peptide hormone GO:0043434 9.51 OXTR CCN2
4 response to hydrogen peroxide GO:0042542 9.49 STK25 SOD1
5 ovarian follicle development GO:0001541 9.46 SOD1 ICAM1
6 reactive oxygen species metabolic process GO:0072593 9.43 SOD1 CCN2
7 response to amino acid GO:0043200 9.4 ICAM1 CCN2
8 positive regulation of vasoconstriction GO:0045907 9.37 OXTR ICAM1
9 response to organic cyclic compound GO:0014070 9.33 OXTR ICAM1 CCN2
10 cell aging GO:0007569 9.32 SOD1 ICAM1
11 response to copper ion GO:0046688 9.26 SOD1 ICAM1
12 response to amphetamine GO:0001975 9.13 SOD1 OXTR ICAM1
13 response to anoxia GO:0034059 8.62 OXTR CCN2

Sources for Anoxia

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 TGDB
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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