MCID: ANX010
MIFTS: 72

Anxiety

Categories: Genetic diseases, Mental diseases, Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Anxiety

MalaCards integrated aliases for Anxiety:

Name: Anxiety 56 12 29 6 42 39 17 71
Anxiety Disorders 54 43 71
Anxiety Disorder 12 15 17
Anxiety State 12 71
Anxiety Neurosis 71
Anxieties 15

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:2030
OMIM 56 607834
MeSH 43 D001008
NCIt 49 C2878
SNOMED-CT 67 65673007
ICD10 32 F41.8 F41.9
MedGen 41 C0003467
UMLS 71 C0003467 C0003469 C0700613 more

Summaries for Anxiety

OMIM : 56 Human personality is shaped by genetic and environmental factors, and evidence suggests that the genetic component is highly complex, polygenic, and epistatic. Genetic factors are thought to contribute to 40 to 60% of trait variance. Molecular genetics has tried to identify specific genes for quantitative traits, called quantitative trait loci (QTLs). The QTL concept suggests that complex personality traits or dimensions are not attributable to single genes, but to multiple interacting genes (Reif and Lesch, 2003). Fullerton et al. (2003) stated that psychologists were in agreement that the wide variation in human personalities can be explained by a small number of personality factors, including neuroticism (a measure of emotional stability), which manifests at one extreme as anxiety, depression, moodiness, low self-esteem, and diffidence. They cited a number of studies that had described a relationship between high scores on measures of neuroticism and major depressive disorder. They also noted that theoretical studies had suggested that large samples of randomly ascertained sibs could be used to ascertain phenotypically extreme individuals and thereby increase power to detect genetic linkage in complex traits. See also panic disorder (PAND1; 167870), which is a subtype of anxiety disorder. (607834)

MalaCards based summary : Anxiety, also known as anxiety disorders, is related to generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder, and has symptoms including agitation, sleeplessness and mental and behavioral signs and symptoms. An important gene associated with Anxiety is SLC6A4 (Solute Carrier Family 6 Member 4), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and G-Beta Gamma Signaling. The drugs Tangerine and Moxonidine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, testes and breast, and related phenotypes are behavior/neurological and integument

Disease Ontology : 12 A cognitive disorder that involves an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations.

MedlinePlus : 42 Fear and anxiety are part of life. You may feel anxious before you take a test or walk down a dark street. This kind of anxiety is useful - it can make you more alert or careful. It usually ends soon after you are out of the situation that caused it. But for millions of people in the United States, the anxiety does not go away, and gets worse over time. They may have chest pains or nightmares. They may even be afraid to leave home. These people have anxiety disorders. Types include Panic disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder Phobias Generalized anxiety disorder Treatment can involve medicines, therapy or both. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

Wikipedia : 74 Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by... more...

Related Diseases for Anxiety

Diseases related to Anxiety via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 1267)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 generalized anxiety disorder 35.6 TPH1 SLC6A4 NR3C1 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
2 panic disorder 34.1 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 OPRL1 HTR2C HTR2A
3 agoraphobia 33.8 SLC6A4 HTR2A HTR1A CCKBR
4 phobic disorder 33.8 SLC6A4 MIR485 HTR2A HTR1A CRHR1 CRH
5 obsessive-compulsive disorder 33.7 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
6 depression 33.5 TPH2 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A CRHR1
7 social phobia 33.5 SLC6A4 MIR485 HTR1A
8 neurotic disorder 33.4 SLC6A4 HTR2A HTR1A BDNF
9 acute stress disorder 33.4 SLC6A4 NR3C1 CRHR1 CRH BDNF
10 bipolar disorder 33.4 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 NR3C1 HTR2C HTR2A
11 post-traumatic stress disorder 33.4 SLC6A4 NR3C1 HTR2A CRHR1 CRH CNR1
12 major depressive disorder 33.3 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 NR3C1 HTR2C HTR2A
13 eating disorder 33.2 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A CRH CNR1 BDNF
14 attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder 33.2 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 NR3C1 HTR2C HTR2A
15 asperger syndrome 32.9 SLC6A4 CNR1 BDNF
16 mental depression 32.5 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 NR3C1 NPS HTR2C
17 mood disorder 32.4 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 NR3C1 HTR2C HTR2A
18 personality disorder 32.2 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 NR3C1 HTR2C HTR2A
19 dysthymic disorder 32.2 SLC6A4 HTR2A HTR1A CRH BDNF
20 alcohol use disorder 32.1 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A CRH BDNF
21 substance abuse 32.0 SLC6A4 OPRL1 HTR2A HTR1A CYP2D6 CRHR1
22 alcohol dependence 32.0 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 OPRL1 HTR2C HTR2A
23 postpartum depression 31.8 SLC6A4 HTR1A CRH BDNF
24 autism 31.8 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
25 autism spectrum disorder 31.8 TPH2 SLC6A4 OPRL1 NR3C1 HTR2C HTR2A
26 somatization disorder 31.8 SLC6A4 HTR2A HTR1A CRH
27 anorexia nervosa 31.8 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A CRH CNR1
28 hypochondriasis 31.8 SLC6A4 HTR2A HTR1A BDNF
29 bipolar i disorder 31.7 TPH2 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A BDNF
30 bulimia nervosa 31.7 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A CRH BDNF
31 psychotic disorder 31.7 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
32 pain agnosia 31.7 OPRL1 NPS CYP2D6 CNR1
33 sexual disorder 31.6 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A CYP3A4 CYP2D6
34 irritable bowel syndrome 31.6 TPH1 SLC6A4 HTR2A HTR1A CRHR1 CRH
35 endogenous depression 31.6 TPH1 SLC6A4 NR3C1 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
36 tobacco addiction 31.6 TPH1 SLC6A4 HTR2A CRHR1 CNR1 BDNF
37 adjustment disorder 31.5 SLC6A4 HTR2A BDNF
38 borderline personality disorder 31.5 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 NR3C1 HTR2C HTR2A
39 migraine with or without aura 1 31.5 TPH1 SLC6A4 OPRL1 NPS HTR2C HTR2A
40 drug dependence 31.5 SLC6A4 OPRL1 CRHR1 CRH CNR1 BDNF
41 constipation 31.5 SLC6A4 OPRL1 CNR1 BDNF
42 fibromyalgia 31.5 SLC6A4 HTR2A CRH BDNF
43 substance dependence 31.4 TPH1 SLC6A4 CYP2D6 CRHR1 CRH CNR1
44 sleep disorder 31.4 SLC6A4 NPS HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A BDNF
45 chronic pain 31.4 USH2A CNR1
46 withdrawal disorder 31.4 OPRL1 CRHR1 CRH CNR1
47 premature ejaculation 31.4 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR1A
48 tic disorder 31.4 TPH2 SLC6A4 HTR2A
49 somatoform disorder 31.3 TPH1 SLC6A4 OPRL1 NPS BDNF
50 pathological gambling 31.3 TPH1 SLC6A4 HTR2A

Comorbidity relations with Anxiety via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show top 50) (show all 78)


Acute Cor Pulmonale Acute Cystitis
Acute Stress Disorder Adjustment Disorder
Allergic Rhinitis Atrophic Gastritis
Atypical Depressive Disorder Basilar Artery Insufficiency
Benign Essential Hypertension Borderline Personality Disorder
Bronchiectasis Bronchitis
Bronchopneumonia Cerebrovascular Disease
Chronic Pulmonary Heart Disease Chronic Rhinitis
Conn's Syndrome Conversion Disorder
Deficiency Anemia Delusional Disorder
Dependent Personality Disorder Dyskinesia of Esophagus
Dysthymic Disorder Esophagitis
Familial Atrial Fibrillation First-Degree Atrioventricular Block
Gastroesophageal Reflux Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Atherosclerosis Heart Disease
Histrionic Personality Disorder Hyperlipoproteinemia, Type Iv
Hypertension, Essential Hypertensive Encephalopathy
Hyperuricemia, Pulmonary Hypertension, Renal Failure, and Alkalosis Syndrome Hypochondriasis
Hypothyroidism Intermediate Coronary Syndrome
Intestinal Obstruction Iron Deficiency Anemia
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Labyrinthitis
Major Depressive Disorder Malignant Essential Hypertension
Meniere Disease Migraine with or Without Aura 1
Mitral Valve Disease Mood Disorder
Narcissistic Personality Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Anxiety:



Diseases related to Anxiety

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Anxiety

Clinical features from OMIM:

607834

UMLS symptoms related to Anxiety:


agitation, sleeplessness, mental and behavioral signs and symptoms, nervousness, feeling tense, feeling jittery, anxiety symptoms

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Anxiety:

45
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 behavior/neurological MP:0005386 10.13 BDNF CCKBR CNR1 CRH CRHR1 HTR1A
2 integument MP:0010771 9.96 BDNF CCKBR CNR1 CRH HTR2C NR3C1
3 nervous system MP:0003631 9.93 BDNF CCKBR CNR1 CRH CRHR1 HTR1A
4 no phenotypic analysis MP:0003012 9.5 BDNF CNR1 CRH CRHR1 HTR1A NR3C1
5 normal MP:0002873 9.23 BDNF CNR1 CRH CRHR1 NR3C1 OPRL1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Anxiety

Drugs for Anxiety (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 1110)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Tangerine Approved Phase 4
2
Moxonidine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 75438-57-2 4810
3
Rabeprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 4 117976-89-3 5029
4
Reboxetine Approved, Experimental Phase 4 71620-89-8, 98769-81-4 123628 65856
5
Abacavir Approved, Investigational Phase 4 136470-78-5 65140 441300
6
Trimebutine Approved Phase 4 39133-31-8
7
Drospirenone Approved Phase 4 67392-87-4 68873
8
Prucalopride Approved Phase 4 179474-81-8
9
Ursodeoxycholic acid Approved, Investigational Phase 4 128-13-2 31401
10
Tiagabine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 115103-54-3 60648
11
Paroxetine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 61869-08-7 43815
12
Mifepristone Approved, Investigational Phase 4 84371-65-3 55245
13
Disulfiram Approved Phase 4 97-77-8 3117
14
Risperidone Approved, Investigational Phase 4 106266-06-2 5073
15
Riluzole Approved, Investigational Phase 4 1744-22-5 5070
16
Peginterferon alfa-2a Approved, Investigational Phase 4 198153-51-4 5360545
17
Scopolamine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 51-34-3, 6533-68-2 5184
18
Clonazepam Approved, Illicit Phase 4 1622-61-3 2802
19
Ribavirin Approved Phase 4 36791-04-5 37542
20
Butorphanol Approved, Illicit, Vet_approved Phase 4 42408-82-2, 58786-99-5 5361092
21
Desipramine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 50-47-5 2995
22
Diazepam Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 439-14-5 3016
23
Lofexidine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 31036-80-3 30668
24
Salicylic acid Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 69-72-7 338
25
Esomeprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 4 161796-78-7, 161973-10-0, 119141-88-7 9568614 4594
26
Mianserin Approved, Investigational Phase 4 24219-97-4 4184
27
Flurazepam Approved, Illicit, Investigational Phase 4 17617-23-1 3393
28
Nitrazepam Approved Phase 4 146-22-5 4506
29
Clozapine Approved Phase 4 5786-21-0 2818
30
Azithromycin Approved Phase 4 83905-01-5 55185 447043
31
Prednisone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 53-03-2 5865
32
Atropine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 5908-99-6, 51-55-8 174174
33
Modafinil Approved, Investigational Phase 4 68693-11-8 4236
34
Desflurane Approved Phase 4 57041-67-5 42113
35
Lamivudine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 134678-17-4 60825
36
Dolutegravir Approved Phase 4 1051375-16-6 54726191
37
Benzydamine Approved Phase 4 642-72-8, 100-46-9 7504
38
Ranibizumab Approved Phase 4 347396-82-1 459903
39
Dextromethorphan Approved Phase 4 125-71-3 5360696 5362449
40
Ondansetron Approved Phase 4 99614-02-5 4595
41
Hyaluronic acid Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 9004-61-9 53477741
42
Neostigmine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 59-99-4 4456
43
Tetracaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 94-24-6 5411
44
Iloperidone Approved Phase 4 133454-47-4 71360
45
Etoricoxib Approved, Investigational Phase 4 202409-33-4 123619
46
Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate Approved Phase 4 2921-57-5
47
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 83-43-2 6741
48 Prednisolone acetate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 52-21-1
49
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-24-8 5755
50
Prednisolone phosphate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 302-25-0

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 9113)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Vortioxetine Versus Placebo in Major Depressive Disorder Comorbid With Social Anxiety Disorder Unknown status NCT02294305 Phase 4 Vortioxetine;Placebo
2 A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study of Quetiapine SR and Divalproex Sodium ER on Anxiety in Bipolar Disorder With at Least Moderately Severe Current Anxiety and Lifetime Panic or Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Unknown status NCT00579280 Phase 4 quetiapine SR;divalproex sodium ER;placebo
3 Group Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for the Treatment of Late-Life Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Primary Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT02777905 Phase 4
4 The Effect and Reliability of Escitalopram in the Treatment of Adolescents With Major Depressive Disorder or Anxiety Disorders Unknown status NCT03122158 Phase 4 Escitalopram
5 Randomized,Controlled and Open-label Study of Buspirone add-on Treatment in Patients With Major Depression Disorder Unknown status NCT02273154 Phase 4 Buspirone;Paroxetine
6 Phase 4 Study of The Effect of Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang on the Anxiety of Hwa-byung : A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-control Trial Unknown status NCT01362114 Phase 4 SIHOGAYONGGOLMORYU TANG EXTRACT GRAN
7 Comparison of 2 Methods to Reduce Postoperative Pain in Children and a Comparison of 3 Methods of Preoperative Education Intervention to Reduce Anxiety in Children and Their Family Unknown status NCT00643032 Phase 4
8 Impact of 50% Nitrous Oxide Inhalation on Pain and Anxiety Induced by Lumbar Puncture: a Multicenter Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT03228628 Phase 4 Fixed 50:50 mixture of nitrous oxide and oxygen
9 Escitalopram Treatment of Major Depression in Diabetes Mellitus: An Open Label Unknown status NCT00650897 Phase 4 Escitalopram
10 Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of THC as add-on Therapy for PTSD Unknown status NCT00965809 Phase 4 Tetrahydrocannabinol
11 The Effect of Music Over the Tolerance to Colonoscopy ¿Does it Reduce the Discomfort, the Anxiety and the Need of Sedation? Multicentric Randomized Controlled Trial. Unknown status NCT01285284 Phase 4
12 Assessment of the Effect of Moxonidine and Diet on Cardiac, Renal and Endothelial Function in Young Subjects With Abdominal Obesity Unknown status NCT01180231 Phase 4 Moxonidine (Physiotens)
13 Effects of a Probiotic Supplement on Symptoms of ADHD and Anxiety in Children Unknown status NCT02545634 Phase 4
14 The Short and Long Term Effects of Perioperative Pregabalin Use on Functional Rehabilitation, Pain Outcomes and Anxiety Following Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Unknown status NCT00762099 Phase 4 Pregabalin;Placebo
15 Efficacy of Exposure and Response Prevention(ERP) and SSRIs, and Its Predictors in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Unknown status NCT02022709 Phase 4 Fluoxetine;Sertraline;Paroxetine;Citalopram;Fluvoxamine
16 Double-blind Randomized Clinical Trial to Compare Presurgery Anxiolysis in Children Treated With Hydroxyzine Versus Non-pharmacological Intervention (Distractoria Technique Clown) Unknown status NCT03324828 Phase 4 Hydroxyzine
17 Effect of Additive Lorazepam on Patient Satisfaction as a Premedication in Diagnostic Flexible Bronchoscopy Unknown status NCT01121055 Phase 4 Lorazepam;Control
18 The Effect of Three Different Interventions on the Recovery Agitation and Delirium in the Pacu Pediatric Patients Unknown status NCT03426020 Phase 4
19 Impact of 50% Nitrous Oxide Inhalation on Pain and Anxiety Induced by Lumbar Puncture: a Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT02243826 Phase 4 50:50 mixture of nitrous oxide/oxygen
20 Effectiveness of Oral Midazolam for Sedation in Patients Undergoing Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unknown status NCT01990937 Phase 4 Oral midazolam
21 Effect Site Controlled, Reaction Time Safeguarded, Patient Maintained Sedation With Propofol A) in Oral Surgery Patients B) in General Dentistry Patients C) in Colonoscopy Patients Unknown status NCT00355693 Phase 4
22 Evaluation of the Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Cognitive, Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms in Patients Diagnosed With Major Depressive Disorder Unknown status NCT02213016 Phase 4
23 A Based on PEEG and PET Study of Anxiolytic Treatment to Improve Cognitive Function in Patients With Alzheimer Disease Unknown status NCT03151382 Phase 4 Tandospirone Citrate;Donepezil Hydrochloride
24 A Randomized , Controlled, Doulbe Blind Placebo Trial To Evaluate The Efficacy and the Tolerance of an Omega 3 Fatty Acids Supplementation in ADHD Children Unknown status NCT00770627 Phase 4
25 A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Escitalopram in the Prevention of Depression in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Unknown status NCT00140257 Phase 4 Escitalopram
26 Myoinositol for the Treatment of Ovarian and Psychiatric Disorder in PCOS Patients. Unknown status NCT01246310 Phase 4
27 Randomised Controlled Study Comparing Use of Popofol Plus Fentanyl Versus Midazolam Plus Fentanyl as Sedation in Diagnostic Endoscopy in Patients With Advanced Liver Disease. Unknown status NCT03063866 Phase 4 Propofol;Midazolam;Fentanyl
28 Effects of Perampanel on Cognition and Electroencephalography in Patients With Epilepsy Unknown status NCT02900755 Phase 4 Perampanel
29 Study Proposal - A Randomized Double-blinded Study Comparing Adding Etoricoxib Versus Placebo to Female Patients With Fibromyalgia-analysis of Organic and Psychiatric Measures Unknown status NCT00755521 Phase 4 etoricoxib
30 The Effect of 21-Days Intranasal Oxytocin on Clinical Symptoms and Social Function in Patients With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), a Randomized Controled Trail Unknown status NCT02336568 Phase 4 Oxytoine;PLACEBO
31 The Use of Oral N-Acetyl Cysteine for the Treatment of Chronic Sinonasal Symptoms: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT00866866 Phase 4 N-Acetyl Cysteine;Placebo
32 The Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Trimebutine Maleate Combined With Rabeprazole in Patients With Grade A or B Reflux Esophagitis Whose Symptoms Refractory to Rabeprazole Unknown status NCT02986685 Phase 4 Trimebutine Maleate;rabeprazole
33 Early Pharmacological Intervention With Diazepam in the Emergency Room Setting to Prevent Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Unknown status NCT01221883 Phase 4 Diazepam
34 The Role of Inflammatory and Stress Response in the Pathogenesis of Cognitive Dysfunction After Cardiac Surgery Unknown status NCT02767713 Phase 4 Dexamethasone
35 Comparison Between the Analgesic Affects of Tramadol® and "Verbal Anesthesia" on Pain Management Associated With the Insertion of Jaydess® in Nulliparous Women Unknown status NCT02706509 Phase 4 Tramadol
36 A Comparison of Two Doses of Intranasal Dexmedetomidine for Premedication in Children - a Double- Blind Randomised Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT02459509 Phase 4 Dexmedetomidine
37 Assessment of the Effectiveness of a Program of Preparation to Pregnancy and Delivery Unknown status NCT01155804 Phase 4
38 Impact of VSL#3 on Infants Colics as Assessed by Average Crying Time Unknown status NCT01869426 Phase 4
39 Randomized Clinical Trial of Pregabalin for Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome Unknown status NCT03017430 Phase 4 Pregabalin;Clonidine;Doxylamin;Ketorolac, Loperamide, Metoclopramide, Nefazolin and Phenazepam (benzodiazepine)
40 The Effect of Intracervical Lidocaine Versus Intramuscular Diclofenac for Pain Relief During Hysterosalpingography Among Infertile Women In A Tertiary Hospital In Kano: A Randomized Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT02918812 Phase 4 Intracervical lidocaine;Intramuscular Diclofenac
41 Randomized, Multicentric and Prospective Clinical Trial to Check the Cost-effectiveness of Corifollitropin Alfa vs. Recombinant FSH and/or HP-hMG Unknown status NCT02213627 Phase 4 Corifollitropin alfa;Recombinant FSH;HP-hMG
42 An Evaluation of the Paracervical Block for Pain Control in First Trimester Surgical Abortion Unknown status NCT01094366 Phase 4
43 Pharmacological Anxiolysis With Promethazine as an Adjunctive Therapy for Acute Low Back Pain in the Adult Emergency Department Unknown status NCT01129934 Phase 4 Morphine-Promethazine;morphine
44 The ED50 of DEX for Providing Sedation in Different Female Age Group Unknown status NCT02773017 Phase 4 Dexmedetomidine A;Dexmedetomidine B;Dexmedetomidine C
45 Does Massage With or Without Aromatherapy Reduce Infant's Distress After Craniofacial Surgery? A Randomized Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT00624637 Phase 4
46 Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial, to Evaluate the Efficacy and Tolerability of the Combination of Soy Isoflavones and Red Clover Extract (FITOGYN) in the Treatment of the Hot Flushes in Menopausal Women. Unknown status NCT01116310 Phase 4 Soy isoflavones (Glycine max L) and red clover extract (Trifolium pretense L);Placebo
47 Anemia Treatment in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Predictive Factors of Response to Oral Iron Treatment Unknown status NCT02760940 Phase 4 oral liposomal iron
48 Double Bind Randomized Placebo-controlled Cross-over Study to Evaluate Effect of Continuous Apomorphine During the Night on Sleep Disorders in Insomniac Patients With Parkinson's Disease Unknown status NCT02940912 Phase 4 Apomorphine;Placebo
49 Methylphenidate in Healthy Young Adults Unknown status NCT00815841 Phase 4 METHYLPHENIDATE
50 Donepezil for Residual Symptoms in CPAP Treated Obstructive Sleepapnea Patients: A Controlled Study Unknown status NCT03299257 Phase 4 donepezil treatment

Search NIH Clinical Center for Anxiety

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 71 / NDF-RT 50 :


Amobarbital
AMOBARBITAL NA PWDR
Amobarbital Sodium
bromodiphenhydramine
Bromodiphenhydramine hydrochloride
Buspirone
buspirone hydrochloride
Chlordiazepoxide
Chlordiazepoxide Hydrochloride
Chlormezanone
Chlorpromazine
Chlorpromazine hydrochloride
clorazepate
Clorazepate Dipotassium
Diphenhydramine
Diphenhydramine Citrate
Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride
Doxepin
Doxepin Hydrochloride
halazepam
Hydroxyzine
Hydroxyzine Hydrochloride
Hydroxyzine Pamoate
HYPERICUM PERFORATUM (ST. JOHN'S WORT)
Kava preparation
Lorazepam
Meprobamate
Methotrimeprazine
Midazolam
Midazolam Hydrochloride
Nortriptyline
Nortriptyline Hydrochloride
Oxazepam
Prazepam
Prochlorperazine
Prochlorperazine Edisylate Salt
Prochlorperazine Maleate

Cochrane evidence based reviews: anxiety disorders

Genetic Tests for Anxiety

Genetic tests related to Anxiety:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Anxiety 29 SLC6A4

Anatomical Context for Anxiety

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Anxiety:

40
Brain, Testes, Breast, Heart, Amygdala, Lung, Prostate

Publications for Anxiety

Articles related to Anxiety:

(show top 50) (show all 42946)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Duplication of GTF2I results in separation anxiety in mice and humans. 61 56
22578324 2012
2
Amygdalar and hippocampal substrates of anxious temperament differ in their heritability. 61 56
20703306 2010
3
A key role for orexin in panic anxiety. 61 56
20037593 2010
4
Familial clustering of major depression and anxiety disorders in Australian and Dutch twins and siblings. 61 56
16354503 2005
5
Glyoxalase 1 and glutathione reductase 1 regulate anxiety in mice. 61 56
16244648 2005
6
Role of the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism in anxiety-related traits. 61 56
9783565 1998
7
Anxiety proneness linked to epistatic loci in genome scan of human personality traits. 61 56
9674977 1998
8
Implementation of a Smartphone App to Measure and Manage Anxiety in Undergraduate Clinical Nursing Students. 61 42
31644456 2019
9
Anxiety and depression predict unfavorable survival in acute myeloid leukemia patients. 61 42
31651837 2019
10
Post-traumatic stress disorder is associated with PACAP and the PAC1 receptor. 56
21350482 2011
11
Financial and psychological risk attitudes associated with two single nucleotide polymorphisms in the nicotine receptor (CHRNA4) gene. 56
19693267 2009
12
Allele variants in functional MicroRNA target sites of the neurotrophin-3 receptor gene (NTRK3) as susceptibility factors for anxiety disorders. 61 46
19370765 2009
13
Association analysis of monoamine genes with measures of depression and anxiety in a selected community sample of siblings. 56
15729745 2005
14
A genome scan of neuroticism in nicotine dependent smokers. 56
15389754 2005
15
Genetic variants implicated in personality: a review of the more promising candidates. 56
15389772 2004
16
Genome-wide linkage analysis of a composite index of neuroticism and mood-related scales in extreme selected sibships. 56
15351774 2004
17
Meta-analysis of the association between a serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and anxiety-related personality traits. 56
15108187 2004
18
A meta-analysis of the association between the serotonin transporter gene polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and trait anxiety. 56
14966478 2004
19
Linkage analysis of extremely discordant and concordant sibling pairs identifies quantitative-trait loci that influence variation in the human personality trait neuroticism. 56
12612864 2003
20
Tridimensional personality questionnaire trait of harm avoidance (anxiety proneness) is linked to a locus on chromosome 8p21. 56
12555238 2003
21
Toward a molecular architecture of personality. 56
12642172 2003
22
Association and linkage of anxiety-related traits with a functional polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene regulatory region in Israeli sibling pairs. 56
10822353 2000
23
An association study of a functional polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene with personality and psychiatric symptoms. 56
9774781 1998
24
Association of anxiety-related traits with a polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene regulatory region. 56
8929413 1996
25
Pilot Study of the Mastery Lifestyle Intervention. 42
31693556 2019
26
The CRF system, stress, depression and anxiety-insights from human genetic studies. 54 61
20010888 2010
27
An association analysis of circadian genes in anxiety disorders. 54 61
20122683 2010
28
Effect of tryptophan hydroxylase-2 gene variants on amygdalar and hippocampal volumes. 54 61
20331984 2010
29
A genetic variant BDNF polymorphism alters extinction learning in both mouse and human. 54 61
20075215 2010
30
Dose-dependent effects of the CRF(1) receptor antagonist R317573 on regional brain activity in healthy male subjects. 54 61
19911168 2010
31
Receptor and behavioral pharmacology of WAY-267464, a non-peptide oxytocin receptor agonist. 54 61
19615387 2010
32
The endocannabinoid system and the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders. 54 61
19839936 2009
33
The serotonin-1A receptor in anxiety disorders. 54 61
19423077 2009
34
Soluble corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 2alpha splice variant is efficiently translated but not trafficked for secretion. 54 61
19520785 2009
35
Sympathetic activity relates to adenosine A(2A) receptor gene variation in blood-injury phobia. 54 61
18629431 2009
36
Research in anxiety disorders: from the bench to the bedside. 54 61
19327970 2009
37
How could MDMA (ecstasy) help anxiety disorders? A neurobiological rationale. 54 61
19273493 2009
38
Blushing propensity in social anxiety disorder: influence of serotonin transporter gene variation. 54 61
18629430 2009
39
Association between the CYP2D6*4 polymorphism and depression or anxiety in the elderly. 54 61
19374513 2009
40
Variant BDNF Val66Met polymorphism affects extinction of conditioned aversive memory. 54 61
19339601 2009
41
Consequences of post-weaning social isolation on anxiety behavior and related neural circuits in rodents. 54 61
19738931 2009
42
Dopamine transporters, D2 receptors, and dopamine release in generalized social anxiety disorder. 54 61
19180583 2009
43
Combined effects of exonic polymorphisms in CRHR1 and AVPR1B genes in a case/control study for panic disorder. 54 61
18384079 2008
44
The BDNF Val66Met polymorphism affects amygdala activity in response to emotional stimuli: evidence from a genetic imaging study. 54 61
18603005 2008
45
The BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and smoking. 54 61
18602452 2008
46
Role of metabotropic glutamate receptors in the control of neuroendocrine function. 54 61
18616955 2008
47
5-HT1A gene variants and psychiatric disorders: a review of current literature and selection of SNPs for future studies. 54 61
18047755 2008
48
The role of the glutamatergic system in posttraumatic stress disorder. 54 61
18622363 2008
49
Polymorphisms in the FKBP5 gene region modulate recovery from psychosocial stress in healthy controls. 54 61
18702710 2008
50
Association study between the serotonin 1A receptor (HTR1A) gene and neuroticism, major depression, and anxiety disorders. 54 61
18163385 2008

Variations for Anxiety

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Anxiety:

6 ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎
# Gene Name Type Significance ClinVarId dbSNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 46;XY;t(6;12)(q14;q24);20p+dncomplex Pathogenic 267833
2 46;XX;t(2;11)(q11.2;p13)dnTranslocation Pathogenic 267861
3 46;XY;t(2;6)(q33;q21)dnTranslocation Pathogenic 267885
4 46;XY;t(1;2)(p34.2;q35)dnTranslocation Pathogenic 267887
5 USH2A NM_007123.5(USH2A):c.2299del (p.Glu767fs)deletion Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic 2351 rs80338903 1:216420437-216420437 1:216247095-216247095
6 HMBS NM_000190.4(HMBS):c.958del (p.Ala320fs)deletion Likely pathogenic 373971 rs1057518806 11:118963865-118963865 11:119093155-119093155
7 OTX2 NM_021728.4(OTX2):c.191_193delinsGG (p.Leu64fs)indel Likely pathogenic 523565 rs1555350397 14:57270986-57270988 14:56804268-56804270
8 ADAR NM_001111.5(ADAR):c.1646C>A (p.Ala549Asp)SNV Uncertain significance 598987 rs1557882064 1:154571017-154571017 1:154598541-154598541
9 USH2A NM_206933.3(USH2A):c.5003G>T (p.Gly1668Val)SNV Uncertain significance 598989 rs1265349835 1:216258204-216258204 1:216084862-216084862
10 MYH8 NM_002472.3(MYH8):c.5743A>G (p.Ile1915Val)SNV Uncertain significance 598988 rs1216879928 17:10293842-10293842 17:10390525-10390525

Copy number variations for Anxiety from CNVD:

7
# CNVD ID Chromosome Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
1 139649 2 185171337 185512459 Deletion ZNF804A anxiety disorder

Expression for Anxiety

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Anxiety.

Pathways for Anxiety

Pathways related to Anxiety according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.3 OPRL1 NR3C1 NPS HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
2
Show member pathways
12.78 HTR2C HTR2A CRHR1 CRH CNR1 BDNF
4 11.91 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 NR3C1 HTR2A HTR1A
5
Show member pathways
11.75 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
6
Show member pathways
11.69 SLC6A4 CYP3A4 CYP2D6
7 11.68 HTR2A CNR1 CCKBR
8
Show member pathways
11.62 TPH2 TPH1 CYP3A4
9 11.56 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
10
Show member pathways
10.91 TPH2 SLC6A4 HTR1A
11 10.85 HTR2C HTR2A
12
Show member pathways
10.73 CYP3A4 CYP2D6
13 10.57 CNR1 CCKBR
14 10.55 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
15 10.25 CRHR1 CRH

GO Terms for Anxiety

Cellular components related to Anxiety according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 integral component of plasma membrane GO:0005887 9.5 SLC6A4 OPRL1 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A CRHR1
2 integral component of presynaptic membrane GO:0099056 8.8 SLC6A4 HTR2A CNR1

Biological processes related to Anxiety according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 27)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 signal transduction GO:0007165 10.07 OPRL1 NR3C1 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A CRHR1
2 response to drug GO:0042493 9.93 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A CRH
3 chemical synaptic transmission GO:0007268 9.91 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A CRH
4 G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway GO:0007186 9.81 OPRL1 NPS HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A CRHR1
5 circadian rhythm GO:0007623 9.79 TPH2 TPH1 SLC6A4
6 phospholipase C-activating G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway GO:0007200 9.76 HTR2C HTR2A CCKBR
7 sensory perception of pain GO:0019233 9.74 OPRL1 HTR2A CNR1
8 positive regulation of fat cell differentiation GO:0045600 9.71 TPH1 HTR2C HTR2A
9 vasoconstriction GO:0042310 9.63 SLC6A4 HTR1A
10 negative regulation of voltage-gated calcium channel activity GO:1901386 9.62 OPRL1 CRHR1
11 oxidative demethylation GO:0070989 9.62 CYP3A4 CYP2D6
12 memory GO:0007613 9.62 SLC6A4 HTR2A CNR1 BDNF
13 parturition GO:0007567 9.6 CRHR1 CRH
14 aromatic amino acid family metabolic process GO:0009072 9.59 TPH2 TPH1
15 heterocycle metabolic process GO:0046483 9.58 CYP3A4 CYP2D6
16 drug catabolic process GO:0042737 9.56 CYP3A4 CYP2D6
17 G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway, coupled to cyclic nucleotide second messenger GO:0007187 9.56 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A CNR1
18 monoterpenoid metabolic process GO:0016098 9.55 CYP3A4 CYP2D6
19 indolalkylamine biosynthetic process GO:0046219 9.52 TPH2 TPH1
20 positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol biosynthetic process GO:0010513 9.51 HTR2C HTR2A
21 serotonin biosynthetic process GO:0042427 9.49 TPH2 TPH1
22 positive regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness GO:0010841 9.48 NPS CRH
23 alkaloid catabolic process GO:0009822 9.46 CYP3A4 CYP2D6
24 regulation of serotonin secretion GO:0014062 9.43 HTR1A CRH
25 phospholipase C-activating serotonin receptor signaling pathway GO:0007208 9.4 HTR2C HTR2A
26 serotonin receptor signaling pathway GO:0007210 9.13 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
27 behavior GO:0007610 8.92 OPRL1 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A

Molecular functions related to Anxiety according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 G protein-coupled receptor activity GO:0004930 9.87 OPRL1 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A CRHR1 CNR1
2 iron ion binding GO:0005506 9.73 TPH2 TPH1 CYP3A4 CYP2D6
3 neurotransmitter receptor activity GO:0030594 9.58 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
4 G protein-coupled serotonin receptor activity GO:0004993 9.54 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A
5 oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen, reduced pteridine as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen GO:0016714 9.46 TPH2 TPH1
6 1-(4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)propan-2-amine binding GO:0071886 9.26 HTR2C HTR2A
7 drug binding GO:0008144 9.26 HTR2C HTR2A CYP2D6 CNR1
8 tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activity GO:0004510 9.16 TPH2 TPH1
9 serotonin binding GO:0051378 8.92 SLC6A4 HTR2C HTR2A HTR1A

Sources for Anxiety

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 TGDB
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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