Aplastic Anemia (AA)

Categories: Blood diseases, Genetic diseases, Immune diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Aplastic Anemia

MalaCards integrated aliases for Aplastic Anemia:

Name: Aplastic Anemia 56 12 74 52 58 73 36 29 13 6 42 15 37 62 71
Aplastic Anemia, Susceptibility to 56 6
Idiopathic Aplastic Anemia 52 58
Secondary Aplastic Anemia 52 71
Anemia Aplastic 52 54
Idiopathic Bone Marrow Failure 58
Aplastic Anemia, Idiopathic 71
Aplastic Anemia Idiopathic 52
Anemia, Aplastic 43
Aa 73


Orphanet epidemiological data:

idiopathic aplastic anemia
Age of onset: Adult; Age of death: adult;


Orphanet: 58  
Rare haematological diseases

External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:12449
OMIM 56 609135
KEGG 36 H01132
ICD9CM 34 284.9
MeSH 43 D000741
NCIt 49 C2870
SNOMED-CT 67 79000000
MESH via Orphanet 44 C538494
ICD10 via Orphanet 33 D61.0 D61.1 D61.2 more
UMLS via Orphanet 72 C0348890
UMLS 71 C0002874 C0271908 C0348890

Summaries for Aplastic Anemia

NIH Rare Diseases : 52 Aplastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by failure of the bone marrow to make enough new blood cells . Bone marrow is a sponge-like tissue inside the bones that makes stem cells that develop into red blood cells , white blood cells , and platelets . Symptoms may include fatigue, weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath, frequent infections, and bleeding. Aplastic anemia can lead to other health concerns such as an irregular heartbeat, an enlarged heart, and heart failure. It can be caused by injury to blood stem cells due to exposure to certain drugs, chemotherapy , congenital disorders, drug therapy to suppress the immune system , pregnancy, radiation therapy , or toxins such as benzene or arsenic. When the cause is unknown, it is referred to as idiopathic aplastic anemia. In about half of all cases, no cause can be found. The blood disorder can be acute or chronic . Treatment may consist of supportive care only, blood transfusions , medicines to suppress the immune system, or hematopoietic cell transplantation . The British Committee for Standards in Haematology recommends treating infection or uncontrolled bleeding before administering immunosuppressive therapy, including in patients scheduled for HCT. [5 ] In the presence of severe infection, however, it may be necessary to proceed directly to HCT to provide the patient with the best chance for early neutrophil recovery. [5 ] The Pediatric Haemato-Oncology Italian Association recommends HCT from a matched sibling donor for severe aplastic anemia, and if a matched donor is not available, options include immunosuppressive therapy or unrelated donor HCT. [6 ] Approximately one third of patients with aplastic anemia do not respond to immunosuppression. The thrombopoietin-receptor agonist eltrombopag is approved for use in patients with severe aplastic anemia who fail to respond adequately to immunosuppressive therapy. Independent of response or degree of response, risks include relapse and late-onset clonal disease, such as paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), or leukemia. [14 , 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 ] Pregnant women with aplastic anemia have a 33% risk of relapse. [5 ] Provide supportive care in these patients, maintain the platelet count above 20 ? 109 /L, if possible, and consider administering cyclosporine. [5 ] Note that monotherapy with hematopoietic growth factors (eg, recombinant human erythropoietin [rHuEPO], granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [G-CSF]) is not recommended for newly diagnosed patients. [5 ] Frequent outpatient follow-up for patients with aplastic anemia is needed to monitor blood counts and any adverse effects of various drugs. Transfusions of packed red blood cells (RBCs) and platelets are administered on an outpatient basis.

MalaCards based summary : Aplastic Anemia, also known as aplastic anemia, susceptibility to, is related to deficiency anemia and congenital hypoplastic anemia, and has symptoms including angina pectoris, edema and chest pain. An important gene associated with Aplastic Anemia is SBDS (SBDS Ribosome Maturation Factor), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Osteoclast differentiation and Antigen processing and presentation. The drugs Lenograstim and Radium Ra 223 dichloride have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include bone, bone marrow and t cells, and related phenotypes are anemia and aplastic anemia

Disease Ontology : 12 An anemia that is characterized by a deficiency of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets produced by bone marrow.

OMIM : 56 Aplastic anemia is a serious disorder of the bone marrow that affects between 2 and 5 persons per million per year. About 75% of these cases are classified as idiopathic (Young, 2000). In about 15% of cases a drug or infection can be identified that precipitates the aplasia, although why only some individuals are susceptible is unclear. In about 5 to 10% of patients, the aplastic anemia is constitutional--i.e., is familial or presents with one or more associated somatic abnormalities (summary by Vulliamy et al., 2002). (609135)

MedlinePlus : 42 Aplastic anemia is a rare but serious blood disorder. If you have it, your bone marrow doesn't make enough new blood cells. There are different types, including Fanconi anemia. Causes include Toxic substances, such as pesticides, arsenic, and benzene Radiation therapy and chemotherapy for cancer Certain medicines Infections such as hepatitis, Epstein-Barr virus, or HIV Autoimmune disorders Certain inherited conditions Pregnancy In many people, the cause is unknown. Symptoms include fatigue, weakness, dizziness, and shortness of breath. It can cause heart problems such as an irregular heartbeat, an enlarged heart, and heart failure. You may also have frequent infections and bleeding. Your doctor will diagnose aplastic anemia based on your medical and family histories, a physical exam, and test results. Once your doctor knows the cause and severity of the condition, he or she can create a treatment plan for you. Treatments include blood transfusions, blood and marrow stem cell transplants, and medicines. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

KEGG : 36 Aplastic anemia (AA) is a rare disease in which the reduction of the circulating blood cells results from damage to the stem cell pool in bone marrow. Most cases of acquired aplastic anemia are the consequence of an immune-mediated destruction of hematopoiesis. Autoreactive cytotoxic T cells play a key role in the pathogenesis of AA by myelosuppressive cytokines including interferon-gamma. It has been reported that polymorphisms in IFNG are related to AA. A minority of patients with AA has heterozygous mutations in genes encoding the telomerase components TERT or TERC. Immunosuppressive therapy (IST) is one of the main treatment modalities for AA, although most patients with telomerase mutations do not respond adequately to IST.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 73 Aplastic anemia: A form of anemia in which the bone marrow fails to produce adequate numbers of peripheral blood elements. It is characterized by peripheral pancytopenia and marrow hypoplasia.

PubMed Health : 62 About aplastic anemia: Aplastic anemia (a-PLAS-tik uh-NEE-me-uh) is a blood disorder in which the body's bone marrow doesn't make enough new blood cells. Bone marrow is a sponge-like tissue inside the bones. It makes stem cells that develop into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets (PLATE-lets). Red blood cells carry oxygen to all parts of your body. They also carry carbon dioxide (a waste product) to your lungs to be exhaled. White blood cells help your body fight infections. Platelets are blood cell fragments that stick together to seal small cuts or breaks on blood vessel walls and stop bleeding. It's normal for blood cells to die. The lifespan of red blood cells is about 120 days. White blood cells live less than a day. Platelets live about 6 days. As a result, your bone marrow must constantly make new blood cells. If your bone marrow can't make enough new blood cells, many health problems can occur. These problems include irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias (ah-RITH-me-ahs), an enlarged heart, heart failure, infections, and bleeding. Severe aplastic anemia can even cause death.

Wikipedia : 74 Aplastic anemia is an autoimmune disease in which the body fails to produce blood cells in sufficient... more...

Related Diseases for Aplastic Anemia

Diseases in the Aplastic Anemia family:

Rare Acquired Aplastic Anemia

Diseases related to Aplastic Anemia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 1014)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 deficiency anemia 34.7 THPO TERC KITLG IL3 EPO CSF3
2 congenital hypoplastic anemia 34.7 RPL5 IL3 EPO
3 dyskeratosis congenita 34.4 TINF2 TERT TERC SBDS RPL5 NOP10
4 paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria 34.1 PIGA CSF3 CD55
5 hoyeraal hreidarsson syndrome 34.0 TINF2 TERT TERC DKC1
6 fanconi anemia, complementation group a 34.0 TINF2 THPO TERC NBN KITLG IL3
7 shwachman-diamond syndrome 1 34.0 TINF2 TERC SBDS RPL5 NOP10 NHP2
8 revesz syndrome 33.9 TINF2 TERT TERC NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
9 amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia, congenital 33.8 THPO SBDS IL3 DKC1
10 myelodysplastic syndrome 33.4 THPO TERT TERC SBDS PRF1 PIGA
11 pancytopenia 33.4 THPO TERT PRF1 NBN IL3 IFNG
12 dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal recessive 1 33.3 TERT NOP10 NHP2
13 hemoglobinuria 32.9 THPO PIGA EPO CSF3 CD55
14 thrombocytopenia 32.8 THPO SBDS PRF1 KITLG IL3 IFNG
15 neutropenia 32.8 THPO SBDS KITLG IL3 EPO CSF3
16 leukemia, acute myeloid 32.7 THPO TERT KITLG IL3 EPO CSF3
17 acute leukemia 32.6 THPO IL3 CSF3 CSF2
18 granulocytopenia 32.5 IL3 CSF3 CSF2
19 refractory anemia 32.3 IL3 EPO CSF3
20 leukemia, acute lymphoblastic 32.2 THPO NBN KITLG IL3 CSF3 CSF2
21 leukemia, chronic myeloid 32.0 THPO KITLG IL3 EPO CSF3 CSF2
22 diamond-blackfan anemia 32.0 TINF2 THPO TERC SBDS RPL5 NOP10
23 inherited bone marrow failure syndromes 32.0 TERT TERC SBDS
24 bacterial infectious disease 31.9 IL3 IFNG CSF3 CSF2
25 mucormycosis 31.9 IFNG CSF3 CSF2
26 myeloma, multiple 31.9 PRF1 IL3 IFNG EPO CSF3 CSF2
27 aspergillosis 31.9 IFNG CSF3 CSF2
28 red cell aplasia 31.8 KITLG EPO
29 myelofibrosis 31.7 THPO IL3 EPO CSF3
30 polycythemia 31.7 THPO KITLG IL3 EPO
31 severe combined immunodeficiency 31.7 KITLG IL3 IFNG DKC1 CSF3 CSF2
32 acute promyelocytic leukemia 31.7 TERT KITLG IL3 CSF3 CSF2
33 polycythemia vera 31.6 THPO KITLG IL3 EPO CSF3 CSF2
34 hypersplenism 31.6 THPO IFNG EPO CSF3 CSF2
35 large granular lymphocyte leukemia 31.6 CSF3 CSF2
36 dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal dominant 1 31.6 TINF2 TERT TERC DKC1
37 allergic hypersensitivity disease 31.6 KITLG IL3 IFNG CSF2
38 lymphoma, non-hodgkin, familial 31.5 PRF1 NBN KITLG IL3 CSF3 CSF2
39 miliary tuberculosis 31.5 IFNG EPO CSF3
40 myeloproliferative neoplasm 31.5 THPO KITLG IL3 EPO CSF3 CSF2
41 castleman disease 31.5 IFNG CSF3 CSF2
42 severe congenital neutropenia 31.4 KITLG IL3 CSF3 CSF2
43 transient erythroblastopenia of childhood 31.4 KITLG EPO
44 pulmonary fibrosis, idiopathic 31.4 TINF2 TERT TERC NOP10 NHP2 IFNG
45 essential thrombocythemia 31.3 THPO TERT IL3 EPO CSF3 CSF2
46 mucositis 31.2 IL3 CSF3 CSF2
47 coats disease 31.2 TINF2 TERC NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
48 acute monoblastic leukemia 31.2 EPO CSF2
49 malaria 31.2 PRF1 IL3 IFNG EPO CSF3 CSF2
50 gastroenteritis 31.2 IL3 IFNG CSF3 CSF2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Aplastic Anemia:

Diseases related to Aplastic Anemia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Aplastic Anemia

Human phenotypes related to Aplastic Anemia:

58 31 (show all 13)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 anemia 58 31 obligate (100%) Obligate (100%) HP:0001903
2 aplastic anemia 31 obligate (100%) HP:0001915
3 bone marrow hypocellularity 58 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0005528
4 pancytopenia 58 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001876
5 reticulocytopenia 58 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001896
6 gingival bleeding 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000225
7 thrombocytopenia 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001873
8 neutropenia 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001875
9 recurrent infections 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002719
10 epistaxis 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000421
11 retinal hemorrhage 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000573
12 ecchymosis 58 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0031364
13 autoimmune antibody positivity 58 Excluded (0%)

Clinical features from OMIM:


UMLS symptoms related to Aplastic Anemia:

angina pectoris, edema, chest pain

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Aplastic Anemia:

# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 10.24 CD55 CSF2 CSF3 DKC1 EPO IFNG
2 cellular MP:0005384 10.17 CSF2 DKC1 EPO IFNG KITLG NBN
3 immune system MP:0005387 10.13 CSF2 CSF3 DKC1 EPO IFNG KITLG
4 endocrine/exocrine gland MP:0005379 10.06 CSF2 DKC1 IFNG KITLG NBN PRF1
5 mortality/aging MP:0010768 10 CSF2 DKC1 EPO IFNG KITLG NBN
6 integument MP:0010771 9.91 CSF2 CSF3 DKC1 EPO IFNG KITLG
7 neoplasm MP:0002006 9.56 CSF2 DKC1 IFNG KITLG NBN PIGA
8 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.28 CSF2 DKC1 IFNG KITLG NBN PIGA

Drugs & Therapeutics for Aplastic Anemia

PubMed Health treatment related to Aplastic Anemia: 62

Treatments for aplastic anemia include blood transfusions , blood and marrow stem cell transplants , and medicines. These treatments can prevent or limit complications, relieve symptoms, and improve quality of life. Blood and marrow stem cell transplants may cure the disorder in some people who are eligible for a transplant. Removing a known cause of aplastic anemia , such as exposure to a toxin , also may cure the condition.

Drugs for Aplastic Anemia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 189)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Lenograstim Approved, Investigational Phase 4 135968-09-1
Radium Ra 223 dichloride Approved, Investigational Phase 4 444811-40-9
Dexamethasone acetate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 1177-87-3
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-02-2 5743
Posaconazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 171228-49-2 147912
Sodium citrate Approved, Investigational Phase 4 68-04-2
Iron Approved, Experimental Phase 4 7439-89-6, 15438-31-0 23925 27284
Deferasirox Approved, Investigational Phase 4 201530-41-8 5493381
Calcium Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 7440-70-2 271
Citric acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 77-92-9 311
Ergocalciferol Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 50-14-6 5280793
Vitamin D Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 1406-16-2
Vitamin D3 Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 67-97-0 6221 5280795
Calcifediol Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 19356-17-3 6433735 5283731
15 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
16 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4
17 Autonomic Agents Phase 4
18 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4
19 glucocorticoids Phase 4
20 Hormones Phase 4
21 Adjuvants, Immunologic Phase 4
22 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 4
23 HIV Protease Inhibitors Phase 4
protease inhibitors Phase 4
25 BB 1101 Phase 4
26 Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors Phase 4
27 Antiparasitic Agents Phase 4
28 Antiprotozoal Agents Phase 4
29 Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors Phase 4
30 Calcium, Dietary Phase 4
31 Anticoagulants Phase 4
32 Hematinics Phase 4
33 Citrate Phase 4
34 Ferric Compounds Phase 4
35 Vitamins Phase 4
36 Hydroxycholecalciferols Phase 4
37 Vitamin D2 Phase 4
38 Ergocalciferols Phase 4
39 Calciferol Phase 4
40 Nutrients Phase 4
41 Trace Elements Phase 4
42 Micronutrients Phase 4
43 Chelating Agents Phase 4
44 Iron Chelating Agents Phase 4
Sirolimus Approved, Investigational Phase 3 53123-88-9 5284616 6436030 46835353
Deferiprone Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 30652-11-0 2972
Pioglitazone Approved, Investigational Phase 3 111025-46-8 4829
Sargramostim Approved, Investigational Phase 3 123774-72-1, 83869-56-1
Nandrolone decanoate Approved, Illicit Phase 3 360-70-3 9677
Nandrolone phenpropionate Approved, Illicit, Investigational Phase 3 62-90-8 229455

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 322)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Moderate-dose Cyclophosphamide for Childhood Acquired Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT01995331 Phase 4 cyclophosphamide,cyclosporine A
2 Different Doses of Anti-thymocyte Globin With 2.5 or 3.75mg/kg to Treat Child Severe Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT01997372 Phase 4 ATG
3 Multi-center Clinical Study of Immunosuppressants, Cyclophosphamide, And Cord Blood Transfusion in Treating Patients With Severe Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT02838992 Phase 4 Rabbit ATG, (Genzyme);Cy;CsA
4 Child With Severe Aplastic Anemia (SAA) Therapy: the Injection of Umbilical Cord Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells. Unknown status NCT02218437 Phase 4 MSC+ATG
5 A Single Arm, Multicenter, Open Label Study of Desferasirox in Chinese Patients With Iron Overload and Aplastic Anemia Completed NCT01546415 Phase 4 Desferasirox
6 An Epidemiological Study to Assess the Prevalence of Iron Overload Using MRI in Patients With Transfusional Siderosis (TIMES Study) Completed NCT01736540 Phase 4
7 Randomized Clinical Trial of the Use of Eltrombopag in Children With Idiopathic Aplastic Anemia Recruiting NCT03243656 Phase 4 Eltrombopag
8 The Efficacy of Immunosuppressive Therapy Combined With Cord Blood Transfusion in Treatment of Severe Aplastic Anemia Recruiting NCT02745717 Phase 4 Thymoglobulin;Cyclosporine Oral Product
9 Treatment With Thrombopoietin Mimetic Plus Immunosuppressive Therapy in Egyptian Patients With Aplastic Anaemia Recruiting NCT03896971 Phase 4 Combination of thrombopoietin mimetic and cyclosporin A
10 A Phase 4 Long-term Follow-up Study to Define the Safety Profile of Radium-223 Dichloride Recruiting NCT02312960 Phase 4
11 Collection of Granulocytes by Apheresis of Healthy Donors Stimulated With Filgrastim (G-CSF) and Dexamethasone Recruiting NCT01553214 Phase 4 Filgrastim;Dexamethasone
12 Incidence of Invasive Fungal Disease in Patients Receiving Immunosuppressive Therapy, Intensive Chemotherapy or Reduced Intensity Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation on Posaconazole Prophylaxis Active, not recruiting NCT02875743 Phase 4 Posaconazole
13 Effect of Auryxia on ESA Utilization in ESRD Patients With High Ferritin & Low Transferrin Saturation: A Pilot Project Active, not recruiting NCT03055598 Phase 4 Ferric Citrate
14 A Randomized Phase IV Control Trial of Single High Dose Oral Vitamin D3 (Stoss Therapy) in Pediatric Patients Undergoing HSCT to Prevent Vitamin D Deficiency and Insufficiency During Transplant Enrolling by invitation NCT03176849 Phase 4
15 Open-label Study of Exjade in the Treatment of Transfusion-dependent Iron Overload in Aplastic Anemia Patients Undergoing Treatment Programs in Comparison With Control Group Terminated NCT01818726 Phase 4 ICL670;Chelation;No chelation
16 A Prospective Randomized Multicenter Study Comparing Different Dosages of Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin (Thymoglobuline) in Patients With Severe Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT01844635 Phase 3 Thymoglobulin
17 Randomized Comparison of Cyclophosphamide Versus Fludarabine in Addition to Anti-thymocyte Globulin for the Conditioning Therapy in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Adult Acquired Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT01145976 Phase 3 Cy-ATG;Flu-ATG
18 A Decisional Algorithm to Start Iron Chelation in Minimally Transfused Young Beta-thalassemia Major Patients Naive to Iron Chelation Therapy. A Comparative Randomized Prospective Study Unknown status NCT02173951 Phase 2, Phase 3 Deferiprone
19 Prevention of Coronary Artery in STENT Restenosis With the Combined Use of Pioglitazone and Sirolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent Unknown status NCT00376870 Phase 3 Pioglitazone;Placebo
20 Multi-Center Trial of Anti-Thymocyte Globulin in Treatment of Aplastic Anemia and Other Hematologic Disorders Completed NCT00000597 Phase 3 antilymphocyte serum;nandrolone
21 Phase III Randomized Study of Cyclophosphamide With or Without Antithymocyte Globulin Before Bone Marrow Transplantation in Patients With Aplastic Anemia Completed NCT00004474 Phase 3 Anti-thymocyte globulin;Cyclophosphamide
22 Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant For Patients With Dyskeratosis Congenita and Severe Aplastic Anemia Completed NCT00455312 Phase 2, Phase 3 Campath 1H;Cyclophosphamide;Fludarabine;antithymocyte globulin;Methylprednisolone
23 Allogeneic Blood or Marrow Transplantation for Hematologic Malignancy and Aplastic Anemia Completed NCT00003816 Phase 2, Phase 3 busulfan;carboplatin;cyclophosphamide;etoposide;fludarabine phosphate;melphalan;thiotepa
24 Randomized Comparison of Cyclophosphamide Versus Cyclophosphamide Plus Fludarabine In Addition To Anti-Thymocyte Globulin for the Conditioning Therapy in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Bone Marrow Failure Syndrome Completed NCT00774527 Phase 3 Cyclophosphamide-fludarabine-anti thymocyte globulin
25 Antithymocyte Globulin (ATG) and Cyclosporine (CSA) to Treat Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS). A Randomized Trial Comparing ATG + CSA With Best Supportive Care Completed NCT00004208 Phase 3 ATG + CSA
26 A Prospective Randomized Study Comparing Rapamune and Tacrolimus vs. Cyclosporine and Methotrexate as Immune Prophylaxis in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Using HLA-A, -B, -DRβ1 Identical Related or Unrelated Donors. A Nordic Multicenter Study. Completed NCT00993343 Phase 3 Sirolimus/tacrolimus;cyclosporine/methotrexate
27 A Hemoglobin Stabilization and Transfusion Reduction Efficacy and Safety Clinical Investigation, Randomized, Multi-Center, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Using Eculizumab in Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria Patients Completed NCT00098280 Phase 3 Eculizumab
28 High Dose Cyclophosphamide for Treatment of Systemic Sclerosis (Scleroderma) Completed NCT00501995 Phase 3 IV Cyclophosphamide
29 A Phase 2/3 Study of AMG531 in Patients With Aplastic Anemia PreviouslyUntreated With Immunosuppressive Therapy Recruiting NCT03957694 Phase 2, Phase 3 Romiplostim
30 Efficacy and Safety of Thrombopoetin-Receptor Agonist Eltrombopag in in Combination With Ciclosporin A in Moderate Aplastic Anemia (EMAA): Prospective Randomized Multicenter Study Recruiting NCT02773225 Phase 2, Phase 3 Eltrombopag;Placebo (for Eltrombopag)
31 A Phase II Multicenter Randomized Study of Eltrombopag Combined With Cyclosporine and hATG Versus hATG and CsA as First Line Treatment in Pediatric Patients With Severe Acquired Aplastic Anemia Recruiting NCT03413306 Phase 3 Eltrombopag;IST (ATG + CsA)
32 Randomized Multicenter Trial of Two Transfusion Strategies for Patient Receiving Chemotherapy for Acute Leukemia or Hematopoietic Stem Cells With Medico-economic Evaluation of Cost Minimization. Recruiting NCT02461264 Phase 3 Single red blood packed cells Transfusion;Two packed red blood cells Transfusion
33 Phase 2/3 Study of Romiplostim(AMG531) in Subjects With Aplastic Anemia Refractory to or Ineligible for Immunosuppressive Therapy Active, not recruiting NCT02773290 Phase 2, Phase 3
34 A Prospective Randomized Multicenter Study Comparing Horse Antithymocyte Globuline (hATG) + Cyclosporine A (CsA) With or Without Eltrombopag as Front-line Therapy for Severe Aplastic Anemia Patients. Active, not recruiting NCT02099747 Phase 3 hATG;CsA;Eltrombopag
35 A Phase 2/3 Study of AMG531 Combined With Ciclosporin A in Patients With Aplastic Anemia Previously Untreated With Immunosuppressive Therapy Not yet recruiting NCT04095936 Phase 2, Phase 3 Romiplostim
36 A Phase III Multicenter Randomized Study of Hetrombopag or Placebo in Treatment-Naive Severe Aplastic Anemia Not yet recruiting NCT03825744 Phase 3 Hetrombopag Olamine+Standard Therapy;Placebo+Standard Therapy
37 Outcome of Peripheral Blood Allogenic Stem Cell Transplantation Using Non-anti Thymocyte Globulin (ATG ) Conditioning Regimens in Severe Aplastic Anemia Patients Not yet recruiting NCT03295058 Phase 2, Phase 3 Non ATG Conditioning regimen;GVHD Prophylaxis;ATG conditioning regimen
39 A Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial of Two Different Central Venous Catheter Flushing Schemes in Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Patients in Alberta, Canada Terminated NCT01343680 Phase 3 Heparin;Normal saline
40 A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Phase III, Multi-centre Study of Eltrombopag or Placebo in Combination With Azacitidine in Subjects With IPSS Intermediate-1, Intermediate 2 and High-risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) SUPPORT: A StUdy of eltromboPag in myelodysPlastic SyndrOmes Receiving azaciTidine Terminated NCT02158936 Phase 3 Eltrombopag;Azacitidine;Placebo;Placebo
41 Phase I/II Study of An Ex Vivo Immunotherapy for Treatment of Idiopathic Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT00399971 Phase 1, Phase 2 Ex vivo immunotherapy
42 Phase I/II Study of Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide Plus TBI Conditioning Regimen for Double Units Cord Blood Transplantation in Severe Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT00881933 Phase 1, Phase 2
43 Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide Plus Thymoglobulin Conditioning Regimen for Unrelated Bone Marrow (or Mobilized Peripheral Blood) Transplantation in Severe Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT00737685 Phase 2 cyclophosphamide, fludarabine , thymoglobulin
44 Reduced Toxicity Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide Plus Thymoglobulin Conditioning Regimen for Unrelated Donor Transplantation in Severe Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT00882323 Phase 2 Cyclophosphamide, Fludarabine, Thymoglobulin
45 Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation With Fixed Dose of T Cells After in Vitro T Cell Depletion Using CD3 Monoclonal Antibody for Children With Acquired Severe Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT01759732 Phase 2 Fludarabine;Cyclophosphamide
46 PhaseⅠ/ⅡTrial of Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation From Related Donor to Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Aplastic Anemia. Unknown status NCT01305694 Phase 1, Phase 2
47 A Phase I/II Trial of Sirolimus (Rapamune) and Cyclosporine in Patients With Refractory Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT00319878 Phase 1, Phase 2 Sirolimus;Cyclosporine
48 A Single-Arm Phase 2 Study With Optimized Standard Protocol for Severe Aplastic Anemia Unknown status NCT02203396 Phase 2 rabbit ATG, Cyclosporine, Levamisole
49 Male Hormones for Telomere Related Diseases Unknown status NCT02055456 Phase 1, Phase 2 Nandrolone Decanoate
50 Alemtuzumab and Low-Dose Cyclosporine-A as Alternative Immunosuppressive Treatment for Severe Aplastic Anemia (SAA) and Single-Lineage Aplastic Patients Unknown status NCT00895739 Phase 2 cyclosporine

Search NIH Clinical Center for Aplastic Anemia

Cell-based therapeutics:

LifeMap Discovery
Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
Read about Aplastic Anemia cell therapies at LifeMap Discovery.

Cochrane evidence based reviews: anemia, aplastic

Genetic Tests for Aplastic Anemia

Genetic tests related to Aplastic Anemia:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Aplastic Anemia 29 IFNG NBN PRF1 SBDS TERT

Anatomical Context for Aplastic Anemia

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Aplastic Anemia:

Bone, Bone Marrow, T Cells, Heart, Liver, Myeloid, Lung

Publications for Aplastic Anemia

Articles related to Aplastic Anemia:

(show top 50) (show all 7916)
# Title Authors PMID Year
Mutations in the SBDS gene in acquired aplastic anemia. 54 61 56 6
17478638 2007
First case of aplastic anemia in a Japanese child with a homozygous missense mutation in the NBS1 gene (I171V) associated with genomic instability. 54 61 56 6
15338273 2004
Perforin gene mutations in patients with acquired aplastic anemia. 61 56 6
17311987 2007
Homozygosis for (12) CA repeats in the first intron of the human IFN-gamma gene is significantly associated with the risk of aplastic anaemia in Caucasian population. 54 56 6
15327519 2004
Association between aplastic anaemia and mutations in telomerase RNA. 56 6
12090986 2002
Telomerase mutations in families with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. 54 61 6
17392301 2007
Mutations in TERT, the gene for telomerase reverse transcriptase, in aplastic anemia. 54 61 6
15814878 2005
Late presentation of dyskeratosis congenita as apparently acquired aplastic anaemia due to mutations in telomerase RNA. 54 6
14630445 2003
Erratum: Parry EM, Alder JK, Qi X, Chen JJ-L, Armanios M. Syndrome complex of bone marrow failure and pulmonary fibrosis predicts germline defects in telomerase. Blood. 2011;117(21):5607-5611. 6
31265491 2016
Pulmonary fibrosis, bone marrow failure, and telomerase mutation. 6
22512499 2012
Ancestral mutation in telomerase causes defects in repeat addition processivity and manifests as familial pulmonary fibrosis. 6
21483807 2011
Defining the pathogenic role of telomerase mutations in myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia. 6
19760749 2009
Short telomeres are a risk factor for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. 6
18753630 2008
Complex inheritance pattern of dyskeratosis congenita in two families with 2 different mutations in the telomerase reverse transcriptase gene. 6
18042801 2008
Adult-onset pulmonary fibrosis caused by mutations in telomerase. 6
17460043 2007
Hematologic abnormalities in Shwachman Diamond syndrome: lack of genotype-phenotype relationship. 6
15769891 2005
Novel SBDS mutations caused by gene conversion in Japanese patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome. 6
14749921 2004
Mutations in SBDS are associated with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome. 6
12496757 2003
Association between a high-expressing interferon-gamma allele and a lower frequency of kidney angiomyolipomas in TSC2 patients. 6
12192641 2002
Mutations in the Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome gene (NBS1) in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). 6
11325820 2001
Stem cell stimulation continues to pay off in aplastic anaemia. 42
31474547 2019
Bochdalek hernia with Diamond-Blackfan anemia associated with RPS19 gene mutation: A case report. 42
31574871 2019
Successful engraftment of gene-corrected hematopoietic stem cells in non-conditioned patients with Fanconi anemia. 42
31501599 2019
Perioperative management for a patient with chronic pancytopenia: a case of aplastic anemia with persistent neutropenia following preoperative administration of G-CSF. 54 61
20094735 2010
Mechanisms of adverse drug reactions to biologics. 54 61
20020272 2010
Changes in cytokine profile pre- and post-immunosuppression in acquired aplastic anemia. 54 61
19586939 2009
Downregulation of GATA-2 and overexpression of adipogenic gene-PPARgamma in mesenchymal stem cells from patients with aplastic anemia. 54 61
19772889 2009
[Detection of putative T cell clones using T cell receptor beta chain gene clonality assay in Korean patients with aplastic anemia]. 54 61
19726886 2009
Phase II study of rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin, cyclosporine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in patients with aplastic anemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. 54 61
19242494 2009
Hematopoietic growth factors in aplastic anemia patients treated with immunosuppressive therapy-systematic review and meta-analysis. 54 61
19336743 2009
NOLA1 gene mutations in acquired aplastic anemia. 54 61
18989882 2009
Lymphocytes with aberrant expression of Fas or Fas ligand attenuate immune bone marrow failure in a mouse model. 54 61
19265119 2009
Acquired aplastic anemia: correlation between etiology, pathophysiology, bone marrow histology and prognosis factors. 54 61
19942964 2009
Comparison on in vitro characterization of fucospheres and chitosan microspheres encapsulated plasmid DNA (pGM-CSF): formulation design and release characteristics. 54 61
19859814 2009
Transient severe pancytopenia due to elevated tumor necrosis factor-alpha in overwhelming infection. 54 61
19293548 2009
Anti-moesin antibodies in the serum of patients with aplastic anemia stimulate peripheral blood mononuclear cells to secrete TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma. 54 61
19109204 2009
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) induced by donor-derived anti-HLA antibodies in aplastic anemia: possible priming effect of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the recipient neutrophils. 54 61
19915300 2009
Prospective trial of mycophenolate mofetil-cyclosporine A prophylaxis for acute GVHD after G-CSF stimulated allogeneic bone marrow transplantation with HLA-identical sibling donors in patients with severe aplastic anemia and hematological malignancies. 54 61
18727660 2009
[Expression of hematopoietic cytokines EPO, SCF and GM-CSF in bone marrow cells of patients with chronic aplastic anemia]. 54 61
18928604 2008
Disease-associated human telomerase RNA variants show loss of function for telomere synthesis without dominant-negative interference. 54 61
18710936 2008
Aplastic anemia. 54 61
18391779 2008
Telomere maintenance and human bone marrow failure. 54 61
18239083 2008
[Single nucleotide polymorphism of interferon-gamma gene +874 T/A in patients with aplastic anemia]. 54 61
18426658 2008
[Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH)]. 54 61
18330025 2008
[Immune pathophysiology of refractory anemias]. 54 61
18326316 2008
[The polymorphism of interferon gamma gene CA short tandem repeat is associated with aplastic anemia]. 54 61
18390192 2008
[Clinical implications of combined measurement bone marrow T cells intracellular IFNgamma and HLA-DRB1*1501 measurement in predicting the response to immunosuppressive therapy for aplastic anemia]. 54 61
18218241 2007
Treatment of acquired severe aplastic anemia with antilymphocyte globulin, cyclosporin A, methyprednisolone, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. 54 61
17506070 2007
Dyskeratosis congenita: advances in the understanding of the telomerase defect and the role of stem cell transplantation. 54 61
17663679 2007
Treatment of severe aplastic anemia with antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporin A with or without G-CSF in adults: a multicenter randomized study in Japan. 54 61
17526862 2007

Variations for Aplastic Anemia

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Aplastic Anemia:

6 (show top 50) (show all 105) ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎
# Gene Name Type Significance ClinVarId dbSNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 SBDS NM_016038.4(SBDS):c.258+2T>CSNV Pathogenic 3196 rs113993993 7:66459197-66459197 7:66994210-66994210
2 TERC NR_001566.1(TERC):n.72C>GSNV Pathogenic 7324 rs199422265 3:169482777-169482777 3:169764989-169764989
3 TERC NR_001566.1(TERC):n.110_113deldeletion Pathogenic 7325 rs199422270 3:169482736-169482739 3:169764948-169764951
4 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.2080G>A (p.Val694Met)SNV Pathogenic 12731 rs121918662 5:1279456-1279456 5:1279341-1279341
5 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.2315A>G (p.Tyr772Cys)SNV Pathogenic 12732 rs121918663 5:1272367-1272367 5:1272252-1272252
6 PRF1 NM_001083116.3(PRF1):c.1163G>T (p.Ser388Ile)SNV Pathogenic 13719 rs193302875 10:72358314-72358314 10:70598558-70598558
7 SBDS NM_016038.4(SBDS):c.258+1G>CSNV Pathogenic 21538 rs113993992 7:66459198-66459198 7:66994211-66994211
8 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.2147C>T (p.Ala716Val)SNV Pathogenic 39109 rs199422298 5:1278895-1278895 5:1278780-1278780
9 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.2537A>G (p.Tyr846Cys)SNV Pathogenic 39114 rs199422302 5:1268680-1268680 5:1268565-1268565
10 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.2628C>G (p.His876Gln)SNV Pathogenic 39116 rs199422303 5:1266605-1266605 5:1266490-1266490
11 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.3043T>C (p.Cys1015Arg)SNV Pathogenic 39120 rs199422307 5:1255516-1255516 5:1255401-1255401
12 LOC110806306 , TERC NR_001566.1(TERC):n.28_34deldeletion Pathogenic 39287 rs199422259 3:169482815-169482821 3:169765027-169765033
13 TERC NR_001566.1(TERC):n.117A>CSNV Pathogenic 39281 rs199422273 3:169482732-169482732 3:169764944-169764944
14 TERC NR_001566.1(TERC):n.178G>ASNV Pathogenic 39283 rs199422275 3:169482671-169482671 3:169764883-169764883
15 TERC NR_001566.1(TERC):n.180C>TSNV Pathogenic 39284 rs199422276 3:169482669-169482669 3:169764881-169764881
16 TERC NR_001566.1(TERC):n.305G>ASNV Pathogenic 39289 rs199422279 3:169482544-169482544 3:169764756-169764756
17 TERC NR_001566.1(TERC):n.322G>ASNV Pathogenic 39290 rs199422280 3:169482527-169482527 3:169764739-169764739
18 TERC NR_001566.1(TERC):n.323C>TSNV Pathogenic 39291 rs199422281 3:169482526-169482526 3:169764738-169764738
19 TERC NR_001566.1(TERC):n.391_392deldeletion Pathogenic 39294 rs199422283 3:169482457-169482458 3:169764669-169764670
20 TINF2 NM_001099274.3(TINF2):c.862T>C (p.Phe288Leu)SNV Pathogenic 38925 rs199422317 14:24709824-24709824 14:24240618-24240618
21 RPL5 NM_000969.5(RPL5):c.74-1G>CSNV Pathogenic 523383 rs1553284997 1:93299101-93299101 1:92833544-92833544
22 NBN NM_002485.4(NBN):c.1903A>T (p.Lys635Ter)SNV Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic 142559 rs587782545 8:90960063-90960063 8:89947835-89947835
23 NBN NM_002485.4(NBN):c.2140C>T (p.Arg714Ter)SNV Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic 182737 rs730881864 8:90955525-90955525 8:89943297-89943297
24 NBN NM_002485.4(NBN):c.1030C>T (p.Gln344Ter)SNV Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic 190229 rs767215758 8:90971047-90971047 8:89958819-89958819
25 IFNG NM_000619.2(IFNG):c.115-484_115-457CA[12]short repeat risk factor 14722 rs34079299 12:68552495-68552498 12:68158715-68158718
26 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.3184G>A (p.Ala1062Thr)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 39121 rs35719940 5:1254594-1254594 5:1254479-1254479
27 TERT NM_001193376.2(TERT):c.1317_1319GGA[2] (p.Glu441del)short repeat Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 212398 rs377639087 5:1293676-1293678 5:1293561-1293563
28 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.604G>A (p.Ala202Thr)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 12729 rs121918661 5:1294397-1294397 5:1294282-1294282
29 NBN NM_002485.4(NBN):c.511A>G (p.Ile171Val)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 6946 rs61754966 8:90990521-90990521 8:89978293-89978293
30 NBN NM_002485.4(NBN):c.595C>T (p.Pro199Ser)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 127874 rs587780097 8:90983508-90983508 8:89971280-89971280
31 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.2775C>T (p.His925=)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 242230 rs34528119 5:1264587-1264587 5:1264472-1264472
32 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.2654+10G>ASNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 350633 rs375473823 5:1266569-1266569 5:1266454-1266454
33 NBN NM_002485.4(NBN):c.1262T>C (p.Leu421Ser)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 127009 rs104895032 8:90967646-90967646 8:89955418-89955418
34 NBN NM_002485.4(NBN):c.628G>T (p.Val210Phe)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 127014 rs61754796 8:90983475-90983475 8:89971247-89971247
35 NBN NM_002485.4(NBN):c.1999T>C (p.Ser667Pro)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 127863 rs587780091 8:90958439-90958439 8:89946211-89946211
36 NBN NM_002485.4(NBN):c.425A>G (p.Asn142Ser)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 127871 rs769414 8:90993017-90993017 8:89980789-89980789
37 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.2287-5G>ASNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 446374 rs561426406 5:1272400-1272400 5:1272285-1272285
38 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.3150G>C (p.Lys1050Asn)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 350518 rs373400596 5:1255409-1255409 5:1255294-1255294
39 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.663G>T (p.Ala221=)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 350803 rs35837567 5:1294338-1294338 5:1294223-1294223
40 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.3191C>T (p.Pro1064Leu)SNV Uncertain significance 350517 rs886059831 5:1254587-1254587 5:1254472-1254472
41 IFNG NM_000619.3(IFNG):c.*107A>GSNV Uncertain significance 310322 rs886049800 12:68549026-68549026 12:68155246-68155246
42 IFNG NM_000619.3(IFNG):c.*500C>TSNV Uncertain significance 310320 rs528060683 12:68548633-68548633 12:68154853-68154853
43 IFNG NM_000619.3(IFNG):c.114+11C>TSNV Uncertain significance 310324 rs200610212 12:68553271-68553271 12:68159491-68159491
44 IFNG NM_000619.3(IFNG):c.-5A>GSNV Uncertain significance 310326 rs181407537 12:68553400-68553400 12:68159620-68159620
45 IFNG NM_000619.3(IFNG):c.-34T>GSNV Uncertain significance 310328 rs752463155 12:68553429-68553429 12:68159649-68159649
46 IFNG NM_000619.3(IFNG):c.*9C>TSNV Uncertain significance 310323 rs886049801 12:68549124-68549124 12:68155344-68155344
47 IFNG NM_000619.3(IFNG):c.-2C>ASNV Uncertain significance 310325 rs886049802 12:68553397-68553397 12:68159617-68159617
48 IFNG NM_000619.3(IFNG):c.-9T>CSNV Uncertain significance 310327 rs886049803 12:68553404-68553404 12:68159624-68159624
49 TERT NM_198253.2(TERT):c.159G>C (p.Gln53His)SNV Uncertain significance 410683 rs1060503006 5:1294946-1294946 5:1294831-1294831
50 NBN NM_002485.4(NBN):c.503G>A (p.Gly168Glu)SNV Uncertain significance 461570 rs1554566728 8:90990529-90990529 8:89978301-89978301

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Aplastic Anemia:

# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 TERT p.His412Tyr VAR_025149 rs34094720
2 TERT p.Ala202Thr VAR_036863 rs121918661
3 TERT p.Val694Met VAR_036866 rs121918662
4 TERT p.Lys570Asn VAR_062536
5 TERT p.Gly682Asp VAR_062537 rs199422295
6 TERT p.Thr726Met VAR_062539 rs149566858
7 TERT p.Arg631Gln VAR_062783 rs199422294
8 TERT p.Pro785Leu VAR_062784 rs483352771

Expression for Aplastic Anemia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Aplastic Anemia.

Pathways for Aplastic Anemia

Pathways related to Aplastic Anemia according to KEGG:

# Name Kegg Source Accession
1 Osteoclast differentiation hsa04380
2 Antigen processing and presentation hsa04612

Pathways related to Aplastic Anemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 16)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
Show member pathways
12.33 PRF1 IL3 IFNG CSF2
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
6 11.76 SBDS NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
Show member pathways
11.58 IL3 IFNG CSF2
9 11.49 TERT CSF3 CSF2
11 11.35 KITLG IL3 EPO
12 11.23 KITLG IL3 EPO CSF3 CSF2
13 11.17 IL3 IFNG CSF3 CSF2
Show member pathways

GO Terms for Aplastic Anemia

Cellular components related to Aplastic Anemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 12)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 10.16 THPO PRF1 KITLG IL3 IFNG EPO
2 nucleolus GO:0005730 10 TERT SBDS RPL5 NOP10 NHP2 NBN
3 nuclear chromosome, telomeric region GO:0000784 9.73 TINF2 TERT NHP2 NBN
4 Cajal body GO:0015030 9.67 TERC NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
5 chromosome, telomeric region GO:0000781 9.62 TINF2 TERT TERC NBN
6 small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein complex GO:0005732 9.49 NOP10 NHP2
7 nuclear telomere cap complex GO:0000783 9.48 TINF2 TERT
8 box H/ACA snoRNP complex GO:0031429 9.43 NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
9 telomerase catalytic core complex GO:0000333 9.4 TERT TERC
10 box H/ACA scaRNP complex GO:0072589 9.33 NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
11 box H/ACA telomerase RNP complex GO:0090661 9.26 TERC NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
12 telomerase holoenzyme complex GO:0005697 9.02 TERT TERC NOP10 NHP2 DKC1

Biological processes related to Aplastic Anemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cell proliferation GO:0008283 9.81 THPO SBDS NBN EPO
2 positive regulation of cell proliferation GO:0008284 9.8 THPO KITLG IL3 IFNG EPO CSF3
3 ribosome biogenesis GO:0042254 9.73 SBDS NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
4 rRNA processing GO:0006364 9.72 SBDS RPL5 NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
5 positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation GO:0050731 9.71 KITLG IL3 CSF3
6 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein GO:0042531 9.71 IL3 IFNG EPO CSF2
7 embryonic hemopoiesis GO:0035162 9.55 KITLG IL3
8 positive regulation of telomerase RNA localization to Cajal body GO:1904874 9.54 NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
9 pseudouridine synthesis GO:0001522 9.52 NOP10 DKC1
10 positive regulation of killing of cells of other organism GO:0051712 9.49 PRF1 IFNG
11 positive regulation of hematopoietic stem cell proliferation GO:1902035 9.48 THPO KITLG
12 positive regulation of interleukin-23 production GO:0032747 9.46 IFNG CSF2
13 rRNA pseudouridine synthesis GO:0031118 9.33 NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
14 snRNA pseudouridine synthesis GO:0031120 9.13 NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
15 telomere maintenance via telomerase GO:0007004 9.02 TERT TERC NOP10 NHP2 DKC1

Molecular functions related to Aplastic Anemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 growth factor activity GO:0008083 9.72 THPO KITLG IL3 CSF3 CSF2
2 telomerase activity GO:0003720 9.43 TERT TERC DKC1
3 RNA-directed DNA polymerase activity GO:0003964 9.4 TERT TERC
4 telomerase RNA reverse transcriptase activity GO:0003721 9.37 TERT TERC
5 box H/ACA snoRNA binding GO:0034513 9.33 NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
6 telomerase RNA binding GO:0070034 9.26 TERT NOP10 NHP2 DKC1
7 cytokine activity GO:0005125 9.17 THPO KITLG IL3 IFNG EPO CSF3

Sources for Aplastic Anemia

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
37 LifeMap
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
54 Novoseek
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
70 Tocris
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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