APS3
MCID: ATM061
MIFTS: 28

Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3 (APS3)

Categories: Endocrine diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

MalaCards integrated aliases for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3:

Name: Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3 20
Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 3 20 70
Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type Iii 20
Polyglandular Type Iii Autoimmune Syndrome 70
Polyglandular Autoimmune Syndrome Type 3 20
Pga-Iii 20
Aps3 20
Pas3 20

Classifications:



External Ids:

UMLS 70 C1535942 C3266027

Summaries for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

GARD : 20 Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS) type 3 is an autoimmune condition that affects the body's endocrine glands. The syndrome, which typically affects women during middle age, results from failure of the glands to produce their hormones. This condition is characterized by autoimmune thyroiditis along with another organ -specific autoimmune disease. The other autoimmune diseases may include diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia, vitiligo, alopecia, myasthenia gravis, and Sjogren's syndrome. The adrenal cortex (the outer layer of the adrenal gland) is not involved. There are three types of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3: APS3A - Autoimmune thyroiditis with immune-mediated diabetes mellitus (IMDM) APS3B - Autoimmune thyroiditis with pernicious anemia APS3C - Autoimmune thyroiditis with vitiligo and/or alopecia and/or other organ-specific autoimmune disease The cause is still unknown, but it is believed that it may be an autoimmune disease, where environmental factors (such as viral infections) and genetic factors (such as variations in the HLA II genes ) are also involved in the disease. In many cases more than one member of the same family is affected with PAS III, suggesting that its inheritance could be autosomal dominant, and therefore, familiar screening is recommended. It is very important that people with APS3 are monitored closely by their doctors for early detection of any glandular problems. Treatment includes lifelong hormone replacement therapy for any established glandular failure.

MalaCards based summary : Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3, also known as autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 3, is related to alopecia areata and graves' disease. An important gene associated with Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3 is CYP21A2 (Cytochrome P450 Family 21 Subfamily A Member 2), and among its related pathways/superpathways are ICos-ICosL Pathway in T-Helper Cell and TCR signaling. Affiliated tissues include cortex, adrenal gland and adrenal cortex, and related phenotypes are Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) and Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2)

Related Diseases for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

Diseases related to Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3 via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 160)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 alopecia areata 30.0 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
2 graves' disease 30.0 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
3 primary adrenal insufficiency 30.0 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
4 autoimmune gastritis 29.9 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
5 sclerosing cholangitis 29.9 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
6 celiac disease 1 29.7 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1 CYP21A2
7 sarcoidosis 1 29.7 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
8 autoimmune polyendocrinopathy type 3 11.4
9 thyroiditis 10.5
10 alopecia 10.4
11 autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome 10.4
12 hashimoto thyroiditis 10.4
13 myasthenia gravis 10.4
14 hypothyroidism 10.4
15 pernicious anemia 10.3
16 type 1 diabetes mellitus 10.3
17 growth hormone deficiency 10.3
18 autoimmune disease 10.3
19 hypoadrenocorticism, familial 10.3
20 vitiligo-associated multiple autoimmune disease susceptibility 6 10.2
21 vitiligo-associated multiple autoimmune disease susceptibility 1 10.2
22 gastritis 10.2
23 atrophic gastritis 10.2
24 dermatitis herpetiformis, familial 10.1
25 conn's syndrome 10.1
26 dermatitis 10.1
27 dermatitis herpetiformis 10.1
28 diabetes mellitus 10.1
29 encephalitis 10.1
30 lymphomatous thyroiditis 10.1
31 atrial standstill 1 10.1
32 leukemia, acute myeloid 10.1
33 cholangitis, primary sclerosing 10.1
34 dilated cardiomyopathy 10.1
35 crescentic glomerulonephritis 10.1
36 uveitis 10.1
37 hyperparathyroidism 10.1
38 adult-onset still's disease 10.1
39 urticaria 10.1
40 hypogonadism 10.1
41 glomerulonephritis 10.1
42 intestinal disease 10.1
43 vasculitis 10.1
44 myeloid leukemia 10.1
45 crohn's disease 10.1
46 cholangitis 10.1
47 lymphangiectasis 10.1
48 rheumatoid arthritis 10.1
49 thrombocytopenic purpura, autoimmune 10.1
50 alopecia universalis congenita 10.1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3:



Diseases related to Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-128 8.8 HLA-DRB1
2 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-60 8.8 HLA-DRB1
3 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-80 8.8 HLA-DRB1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

Genetic Tests for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

Anatomical Context for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3:

40
Cortex, Adrenal Gland, Adrenal Cortex, Myeloid, Heart, Thyroid

Publications for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

Articles related to Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3:

(show all 39)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Case of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 3 complicated with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartic acid-receptor encephalitis. 61
32603545 2021
2
A rare case of coexistence of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 with growth hormone deficiency and hyperthyroidism in a patient with pseudo-Turner's syndrome. 61
33045897 2020
3
Levothyroxine and insulin requirement in autoimmune polyglandular type 3 syndrome: a real-life study. 61
33099763 2020
4
A Patient with Fulminant Myasthenia Gravis Is Seropositive for Both AChR and LRP4 Antibodies, Complicated by Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3. 61
32461531 2020
5
Alopecia areata with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 showing type 1/Tc1 immunological inflammation. 61
32969803 2020
6
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 variant in rheumatoid arthritis. 61
31756165 2020
7
Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) Subtype-Dependent Development of Myasthenia Gravis, Type-1 Diabetes Mellitus, and Hashimoto Disease: A Case Report of Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 3. 61
31745069 2019
8
Dermatitis herpetiformis arising within vitiligo in a patient with autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 3. 61
30924131 2019
9
Human Leukocyte Antigen class II polymorphisms among Croatian patients with type 1 diabetes and autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 variant. 61
29958949 2018
10
Diabetes mellitus and thyroid diseases. 61
30603357 2018
11
Epidemiological and clinical peculiarities of polyglandular syndrome type 3 in pediatric age. 61
28784159 2017
12
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 (APS-3) among patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). 61
27240263 2016
13
Celiac Disease Autoimmunity in Patients with Autoimmune Diabetes and Thyroid Disease among Chinese Population. 61
27427767 2016
14
Association Studies of the GPR103 and BCL2L15 Genes in Autoimmune Thyroid Disease in the Japanese Population. 61
27486433 2016
15
Genome wide identification of new genes and pathways in patients with both autoimmune thyroiditis and type 1 diabetes. 61
25936594 2015
16
Dissecting the role of the FOXP3 gene in the joint genetic susceptibility to autoimmune thyroiditis and diabetes: a genetic and functional analysis. 61
25481456 2015
17
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome 3 onset with severe ketoacidosis in a 74-year-old woman. 61
25821607 2015
18
Recovery from alopecia areata in a patient with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3. 61
25759758 2015
19
[Coexistence of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 with diabetes insipidus]. 61
26181158 2015
20
Late primary autoimmune hypothyroidism in a patient with postdelivery autoimmune hypopituitarism associated with antibodies to growth hormone and prolactin-secreting cells. 61
23286389 2013
21
[Progression of right internal carotid artery stenosis in ischemic stroke patient with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome: A case report]. 61
23892964 2013
22
Simultaneous occurrence of type 1 diabetes mellitus and Graves' disease: a report of two cases and a review of the literature. 61
24240794 2013
23
Clinical and genetic characteristics of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 variant in the Japanese population. 61
22466347 2012
24
Coexistence of growth hormone deficiency and autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3. 61
22635089 2012
25
[Detection of thyroid antibodies in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus]. 61
22289750 2012
26
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 with anorexia. 61
23304573 2012
27
[Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 3 in a patient after surgical treatment of Cushing syndrome]. 61
22335143 2011
28
[A case of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome-related Parkinsonian syndrome that required differentiation from multiple system atrophy]. 61
21061549 2010
29
Shared molecular amino acid signature in the HLA-DR peptide binding pocket predisposes to both autoimmune diabetes and thyroiditis. 61
20837527 2010
30
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome Type 3 and growth hormone deficiency. 61
19968812 2010
31
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 complicated by mineralocorticoid-responsive hyponatremia of the elderly. 61
21537439 2010
32
Genetics of the autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 variant. 61
20578896 2010
33
Autoimmune thyroiditis and diabetes: dissecting the joint genetic susceptibility in a large cohort of multiplex families. 61
19141582 2009
34
Silent thyroiditis, isolated corticotropin deficiency, and alopecia universalis in a patient with ulcerative colitis and elevated levels of plasma factor VIII: an unusual case of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3. 61
19289325 2009
35
Joint genetic susceptibility to type 1 diabetes and autoimmune thyroiditis: from epidemiology to mechanisms. 61
18776148 2008
36
Atypical autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 overlapped by chronic HCV infection resulting in carcinogenesis and fatal infection. 61
18580728 2008
37
[Acquired von Willebrand's disease in the course of severe primary hypothyroidism in a patient with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3]. 61
18335399 2008
38
Acquired von Willebrand's syndrome in a patient with severe primary hypothyroidism associated with myasthenia gravis in the course of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3. 61
17880463 2007
39
A rare case of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3. 61
12951278 2003

Variations for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

Expression for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3.

Pathways for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

Pathways related to Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 16)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
11.94 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
2
Show member pathways
11.9 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
3 11.88 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
4
Show member pathways
11.8 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
5 11.77 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
6
Show member pathways
11.73 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
7 11.66 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
8 11.61 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
9 11.44 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
10
Show member pathways
11.44 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
11 11.38 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
12 11.32 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
13 11.24 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
14 11.12 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
15 10.81 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
16
Show member pathways
10.58 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1

GO Terms for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

Cellular components related to Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 trans-Golgi network membrane GO:0032588 9.4 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
2 endocytic vesicle membrane GO:0030666 9.37 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
3 ER to Golgi transport vesicle membrane GO:0012507 9.32 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
4 transport vesicle membrane GO:0030658 9.26 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
5 clathrin-coated endocytic vesicle membrane GO:0030669 9.16 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
6 integral component of lumenal side of endoplasmic reticulum membrane GO:0071556 8.96 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
7 MHC class II protein complex GO:0042613 8.62 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1

Biological processes related to Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 T cell receptor signaling pathway GO:0050852 9.4 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
2 antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class II GO:0019886 9.37 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
3 interferon-gamma-mediated signaling pathway GO:0060333 9.32 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
4 antigen processing and presentation GO:0019882 9.26 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
5 antigen processing and presentation of peptide or polysaccharide antigen via MHC class II GO:0002504 9.16 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
6 humoral immune response mediated by circulating immunoglobulin GO:0002455 8.96 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
7 immunoglobulin production involved in immunoglobulin mediated immune response GO:0002381 8.62 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1

Molecular functions related to Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 peptide antigen binding GO:0042605 8.96 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1
2 MHC class II receptor activity GO:0032395 8.62 HLA-DRB1 HLA-DQB1

Sources for Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 3

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
20 GARD
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 20-May-2021)
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 Tocris
70 UMLS
71 UMLS via Orphanet
Content
Loading form....