MCID: BLN004
MIFTS: 29

Balantidiasis

Categories: Gastrointestinal diseases, Infectious diseases, Rare diseases, Respiratory diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Balantidiasis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Balantidiasis:

Name: Balantidiasis 12 75 53 59 3 44 17 72 33
Human Balantidiasis 53 72
Balantidiosis 53 59
Large-Intestinal Infection with Balantidium Coli 53
Balantidium Coli Infection 53
Ciliary Dysentery 59
B Coli Infection 53

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

59
balantidiasis
Inheritance: Not applicable; Age of onset: All ages;

Classifications:

Orphanet: 59  
Rare infectious diseases


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:12386
ICD9CM 35 007.0
MeSH 44 D001447
NCIt 50 C84583
SNOMED-CT 68 57725006
ICD10 33 A07.0
MESH via Orphanet 45 C531629 D001447
ICD10 via Orphanet 34 A07.0
UMLS via Orphanet 73 C0004692 C0276786
Orphanet 59 ORPHA1223
UMLS 72 C0004692 C0276786

Summaries for Balantidiasis

NIH Rare Diseases : 53 The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.Orpha Number: 1223DefinitionBalantidiasis is an infectious disease, rare in western countries. It is caused by Balantidium coli, a single celled parasite (ciliate protozoan) that is usually associated with intestinal infection in areas associated with pig rearing. It infects humans occasionally, mostly immunocompromised patients. Some infected people may have no symptoms or only mild diarrhea and abdominal discomfort but others may experience more severe symptoms reminiscent of an acute inflammation of the intestines. Symptoms of Balantidiasis may be similar to those of other infections that cause intestinal inflammation, for example, amoebic dysentery. On very rare occasions this bacterium may invade extra-intestinal organs, mostly the lungs. Metronidazole is the treatment of choice.Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

MalaCards based summary : Balantidiasis, also known as human balantidiasis, is related to dysentery and colitis, and has symptoms including abdominal pain, nausea and cramping. Affiliated tissues include lung, colon and liver.

Disease Ontology : 12 A parasitic protozoa infectious disease involving infection caused by Balantidium coli. The trophozoites are capable of attacking the intestinal epithelium, creating ulcers and causing bloody diarrhea. The infectiou has symptom cramping, has symptom abdominal pain, has symptom nausea and has symptom foul breath.

CDC : 3 Balantidium (=Neobalantidium) (=Balantioides) coli, a large ciliated protozoan, is the only ciliate known to be capable of infecting humans. It is often associated with swine, the primary reservoir host. Recent molecular analyses have suggested the need for taxonomic revision, and it is now sometimes referred to as Neobalantidium coli or Balantioides coli, although this nomenclature has neither been resolved nor widely adopted in the medical community.

Wikipedia : 75 Balantidiasis is a protozoan infection caused by infection with Balantidium... more...

Related Diseases for Balantidiasis

Diseases related to Balantidiasis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 29)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 dysentery 10.3
2 colitis 10.2
3 ulcerative colitis 10.2
4 aspiration pneumonia 10.2
5 diarrhea 10.2
6 acute kidney failure 10.2
7 leukemia, chronic lymphocytic 10.1
8 lymphocytic leukemia 10.1
9 leukemia, b-cell, chronic 10.1
10 eosinophilic colitis 10.1
11 down syndrome 10.1
12 pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive 10.1
13 giardiasis 10.1
14 strongyloidiasis 10.1
15 trichuriasis 10.1
16 trichostrongylosis 10.1
17 candidiasis 10.1
18 intestinal perforation 10.1
19 cystoisosporiasis 10.1
20 kidney disease 10.1
21 chronic kidney disease 10.1
22 peritonitis 10.1
23 crohn's disease 10.1
24 fascioliasis 10.1
25 pemphigus 10.1
26 pemphigus and fogo selvagem 10.1
27 pemphigus foliaceus 10.1
28 rheumatoid arthritis 9.8
29 arthritis 9.8

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Balantidiasis:



Diseases related to Balantidiasis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Balantidiasis

Symptoms:

12
  • abdominal pain
  • nausea
  • cramping
  • foul breath

Drugs & Therapeutics for Balantidiasis

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Balantidiasis

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 72 / NDF-RT 51 :


Metronidazole

Cochrane evidence based reviews: balantidiasis

Genetic Tests for Balantidiasis

Anatomical Context for Balantidiasis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Balantidiasis:

41
Lung, Colon, Liver, Testes, Lymph Node

Publications for Balantidiasis

Articles related to Balantidiasis:

(show top 50) (show all 135)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Paromomycin sulfate is an effective treatment for balantidiasis in captive cynomolgus monkeys. 38
30814394 2019
2
Balantidiasis in an Asiatic elephant and its therapeutic management. 38
31263322 2019
3
Urinary balantidiasis: A rare incidental finding in a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 38
27756993 2016
4
A case report of an uncommon parasitic infection of human balantidiasis. 38
26998438 2016
5
Parasitic colitis. 38
26034403 2015
6
A rare case of urinary balantidiasis in an elderly renal failure patient. 38
24754028 2014
7
Prevalence, hematology, and treatment of balantidiasis among donkeys in and around Lahore, Pakistan. 38
23394797 2013
8
Novel insights into the genetic diversity of Balantidium and Balantidium-like cyst-forming ciliates. 38
23556024 2013
9
Preliminary insights into the impact of dietary starch on the ciliate, Neobalantidium coli, in captive chimpanzees. 38
24282589 2013
10
Neglected tropical diseases of Oceania: review of their prevalence, distribution, and opportunities for control. 38
23383349 2013
11
[Approaches to developing a procedure for mapping water basin regions, by using the parasitological criteria]. 38
21932540 2011
12
Discrepancies in the occurrence of Balantidium coli between wild and captive African great apes. 38
21158624 2010
13
Urinary balantidiasis: diagnosis at a glance by urine sediment examination. 38
20349417 2010
14
Balantidiasis in a patient with suspected Crohn's disease. 38
16586246 2006
15
Balantidiasis in the gastric lymph nodes of Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia): an incidental finding. 38
16645350 2006
16
Human balantidiasis in Iran: are camels reservoir hosts? 38
16202655 2005
17
Human balantidiasis in Iran: an unresolved enigma? 38
15780836 2005
18
Parasitic infections in organ transplantation. 38
15859939 2004
19
Amebae and ciliated protozoa as causal agents of waterborne zoonotic disease. 38
15567581 2004
20
Pulmonary Balantidium coli infection in a leukemic patient. 38
12827655 2003
21
Nitroheterocyclic drugs with broad spectrum activity. 38
12811546 2003
22
Balantidium coli pneumonia in an immunocompromised patient. 38
12693570 2003
23
[Combination of generalized intestinal candidiasis and balantidiasis in a child with Down syndrome]. 38
11392094 2001
24
Balantidiasis in an infant. 38
11105432 2000
25
[Colonic balantidiasis]. 38
10804691 2000
26
Canine balantidiasis--its treatment, epidemiological and zoonotic significance. 38
11439858 2000
27
[Balantidiasis in a rural community from Bolivar State, Venezuela]. 38
10488584 1999
28
The formation of primary and secondary lysosomes in Balantidium coli, Ciliata. 38
10598328 1999
29
Balantidiasis in Aymara children from the northern Bolivian Altiplano. 38
9886201 1998
30
Case report of Balantidium coli in human from south of Tehran, Iran. 38
9808912 1998
31
Ultrastructural and cytochemical identification of peroxisomes in Balantidium coli, Ciliophora. 38
9643167 1997
32
A comparison of nucleic acid content in Balantidium coli trophozoites from different isolates. 38
9643168 1997
33
[HUMAN BALANTYDIASIS IN HUARAZ: REPORT OF FIVE CASES] 38
12221442 1997
34
[Balantidiasis]. 38
1435542 1992
35
[A fatal case of intestinal balantidiasis]. 38
1842845 1991
36
Balantidiasis complicating a case of ulcerative colitis. 38
2353706 1990
37
Human balantidiasis. A case report. 38
2339302 1990
38
Invasive balantidiasis presented as chronic colitis and lung involvement. 38
2791818 1989
39
[Role of tissue antigen in modeling balantidiasis in the adult white rat]. 38
3600511 1987
40
Free radical metabolism of antiparasitic agents. 38
3017765 1986
41
Endemic balantidiasis in the Seychelles. 38
3081711 1986
42
[Pulmonary balantidiasis. A case in Franche-Comté]. 38
2938145 1986
43
[Massive trichuriasis associated with balantidiasis and trichostrongylosis]. 38
3837283 1985
44
[Appendiceal balantidiasis. Report of 2 cases]. 38
6739936 1984
45
Balantidiasis: report of a fatal case with appendicular and pulmonary involvement. 38
6533857 1984
46
[Post-mortem evaluation in endemic pemphigus foliaceus and pemphigus vulgaris]. 38
6374324 1984
47
Epizootic of balantidiasis in lowland gorillas. 38
7174457 1982
48
Balantidiasis in a camel. 38
7112868 1982
49
[Differential diagnosis of balantidiasis]. 38
6910584 1981
50
[Exacerbation of balantidiasis and strongyloidiasis in a patient with South American pemphigus foliaceus during corticosteroid therapy]. 38
7414179 1980

Variations for Balantidiasis

Expression for Balantidiasis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Balantidiasis.

Pathways for Balantidiasis

GO Terms for Balantidiasis

Sources for Balantidiasis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 TGDB
71 Tocris
72 UMLS
73 UMLS via Orphanet
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