MCID: BRN036
MIFTS: 38

Brain Stem Infarction

Categories: Cardiovascular diseases, Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Brain Stem Infarction

MalaCards integrated aliases for Brain Stem Infarction:

Name: Brain Stem Infarction 12 15 17
Brain Stem Infarctions 44 70
Brainstem Infarction 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:3523
MeSH 44 D020526
SNOMED-CT 67 95457000
UMLS 70 C0521542

Summaries for Brain Stem Infarction

Disease Ontology : 12 A brain infarction that is characterized by stroke of the brain stem that develops from blockage or narrowing in the arteries located in the brainstem, has material basis in damage to the cranial nerve nuclei and long tracts, has symptom vertigo, has symptom imbalance, has symptom decreased level of arousal.

MalaCards based summary : Brain Stem Infarction, also known as brain stem infarctions, is related to vertebral artery occlusion and basilar artery occlusion, and has symptoms including vertigo, imbalance and decreased level of arousal. An important gene associated with Brain Stem Infarction is PLG (Plasminogen), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Cell adhesion_ECM remodeling and Cell adhesion_Plasmin signaling. The drugs Clotrimazole and Miconazole have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brainstem, brain and eye, and related phenotype is craniofacial.

Related Diseases for Brain Stem Infarction

Diseases related to Brain Stem Infarction via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 124)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 vertebral artery occlusion 30.6 PLG PLAT
2 basilar artery occlusion 30.2 PLG PLAT
3 lateral medullary syndrome 11.1
4 mutism 10.3
5 basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease 10.3 PLG PLAT
6 ligneous conjunctivitis 10.3 PLG PLAT
7 cerebral falx meningioma 10.3 PLG PLAT
8 basilar artery insufficiency 10.2 PLG PLAT
9 acute pulmonary heart disease 10.2 PLG PLAT
10 acute cor pulmonale 10.2 PLG PLAT
11 posterior cerebral artery infarction 10.2 PLG PLAT
12 inferior myocardial infarction 10.2 PLG PLAT
13 plasminogen deficiency, type i 10.2 PLG PLAT
14 conversion disorder 10.2 PLG PLAT
15 intracranial embolism 10.2 PLG PLAT
16 anterior cerebral artery infarction 10.2 PLG PLAT
17 perforated corneal ulcer 10.2 PLG PLAT
18 hereditary angioedema with normal c1inh 10.2 PLG PLAT
19 central retinal artery occlusion 10.2 PLG PLAT
20 middle cerebral artery infarction 10.2 PLG PLAT
21 dysphagia 10.2
22 occlusion precerebral artery 10.2 PLG PLAT
23 carotid artery thrombosis 10.2 PLG PLAT
24 cardiac tamponade 10.2 PLG PLAT
25 intracranial thrombosis 10.2 PLG PLAT
26 carotid artery occlusion 10.1 PLG PLAT
27 thrombophlebitis 10.1 PLG PLAT
28 thoracic outlet syndrome 10.1 PLG GARS1
29 coronary thrombosis 10.1 PLG PLAT
30 pulmonary artery disease 10.1 PLG PLAT
31 intermediate coronary syndrome 10.1 PLG PLAT
32 alternating exotropia 10.0
33 exotropia 10.0
34 vein disease 10.0 PLG PLAT
35 ocular motor apraxia 10.0
36 hemiplegia 10.0
37 quadriplegia 10.0
38 cerebrovascular disease 10.0
39 hepatic veno-occlusive disease 10.0 PLG PLAT
40 sarcoidosis 1 10.0
41 kearns-sayre syndrome 10.0
42 sleep apnea 10.0
43 hydrocephalus 10.0
44 internuclear ophthalmoplegia 10.0
45 herpes zoster 10.0
46 bacterial meningitis 10.0
47 tuberculous meningitis 10.0
48 autonomic dysfunction 10.0
49 hyperekplexia 9.9 SLC6A5 GLRA3 GARS1
50 abducens palsy 9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Brain Stem Infarction:



Diseases related to Brain Stem Infarction

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Brain Stem Infarction

Symptoms:

12
  • vertigo
  • imbalance
  • decreased level of arousal

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Brain Stem Infarction:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 craniofacial MP:0005382 9.02 LZTR1 PCSK5 PLAT SLC6A5 ZMIZ1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Brain Stem Infarction

Drugs for Brain Stem Infarction (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 25)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Clotrimazole Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2, Phase 3 23593-75-1 2812
2
Miconazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 2, Phase 3 22916-47-8 4189
3
Sirolimus Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 53123-88-9 6436030 5284616
4 Antibiotics, Antitubercular Phase 2, Phase 3
5 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
6 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
7 Antifungal Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
8 Epidiolex Phase 1, Phase 2
9 Anticonvulsants Phase 1, Phase 2
10
Timolol Approved Phase 1 26839-75-8 33624 5478
11
Maleic acid Experimental Phase 1 110-16-7 444266
12 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 1
13 Anti-Arrhythmia Agents Phase 1
14 Adrenergic Antagonists Phase 1
15 Antihypertensive Agents Phase 1
16 Ophthalmic Solutions Phase 1
17 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 1
18 Adrenergic Agents Phase 1
19 Adrenergic beta-Antagonists Phase 1
20 Lubricant Eye Drops Phase 1
21
Glycolic acid Approved, Investigational Early Phase 1 79-14-1 757
22 GTPase-Activating Proteins
23 Immunoglobulins
24 Antibodies
25 Mitomycins Early Phase 1

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 22)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Trial of Sirolimus for Cognitive Impairment in Sturge-Weber Syndrome Active, not recruiting NCT03047980 Phase 2, Phase 3 Sirolimus
2 Phase II, Randomized, Triple Blind, Intra-individually Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Topical Rapamycin Associated With Pulsed Dye Laser in Patients With Sturge-Weber Syndrome. Completed NCT02080624 Phase 2 Drug: Topical Rapamycin
3 Novel Cognitive Treatment Targets for Epidiolex in Sturge- Weber Syndrome: A Phase II Trial Recruiting NCT04447846 Phase 2 Cannabidiol
4 Cannabidiol Expanded Access Study in Medically Refractory Sturge-Weber Syndrome Active, not recruiting NCT02332655 Phase 1, Phase 2 Cannabidiol
5 An Open-Label Controlled Study of Adjunctive Everolimus (RAD 001) Therapy for Epilepsy in Children With Sturge-Weber Syndrome Withdrawn NCT01997255 Phase 2 Everolimus
6 Use of the Atkins Diet for Children With Sturge Weber Syndrome Completed NCT00639730 Phase 1
7 Treatment of Port-wine Mark in Sturge-Weber Syndrome Using Topical Timolol Terminated NCT01533376 Phase 1 Timolol;Preservative free artificial tear gel.
8 French National Prospective Cohort of Children With Port Wine Stain on a Limb = "Cohorte Nationale d'Enfants Avec Angiome Plan de Membre inférieur" Unknown status NCT01364857
9 Incidence of Ocular Antibodies in Patients With Sturge - Weber Syndrome (SWS) Completed NCT00610402
10 Establishing Reliability for Quantitative EEG, Transcranial Doppler, Behavioral Outcomes and Optical Coherence Tomography in SWS: The Next Step Toward Biomarker Development Completed NCT01345305
11 Acute Electrocorticography (ECoG) Direct Brain Interface for Individuals With Upper Limb Paralysis Completed NCT01393444
12 Investigation on the Cortical Communication (CortiCom) System Recruiting NCT03567213
13 Integrated Longitudinal Studies to Identify Biomarkers and Therapeutic Strategies for Sturge-Weber Syndrome Recruiting NCT04717427
14 A Sensorimotor Microelectrode Brain-Machine Interface for Individuals With Tetraplegia Recruiting NCT01894802
15 Ahmed Valve Implantation Coated With Poly Lactic -Co-glycolic Acid (PLGA) Saturated With Mitomycin-C in the Management of Adult Onset Glaucoma in Sturge Weber Syndrome Recruiting NCT04735601 Early Phase 1
16 Longitudinal Neuroimaging in Sturge-Weber Syndrome Recruiting NCT04517565
17 Use of a Tonometer to Identify Focal Cortical Dysplasia and Tuberous Sclerosis Complex During Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery Recruiting NCT04344626
18 Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) for Patients With Oro-pharyngeal Dysphagia Associated to Brainstem Stroke Recruiting NCT04308733
19 Real World Testing of a Brain-Computer Interface to Operate a Commercial Augmentative and Alternative Communication System Recruiting NCT04026581
20 BrainGate2: Feasibility Study of an Intracortical Neural Interface System for Persons With Tetraplegia Recruiting NCT00912041
21 The Brain Vascular Malformations Clinical Research Network: Predictors of Clinical Course, Project 2: Innovative Approaches to Gauge Progression of Sturge-Weber Syndrome Active, not recruiting NCT01425944
22 Optimizing BCI-FIT: Brain Computer Interface - Functional Implementation Toolkit Not yet recruiting NCT04468919

Search NIH Clinical Center for Brain Stem Infarction

Cochrane evidence based reviews: brain stem infarctions

Genetic Tests for Brain Stem Infarction

Anatomical Context for Brain Stem Infarction

The Foundational Model of Anatomy Ontology organs/tissues related to Brain Stem Infarction:

19
Brainstem

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Brain Stem Infarction:

40
Brain, Eye, Cerebellum, Cortex, Spinal Cord, Skin, Pons

Publications for Brain Stem Infarction

Articles related to Brain Stem Infarction:

(show top 50) (show all 233)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Association of pretreatment pontine infarction with extremely poor outcome after endovascular thrombectomy in acute basilar artery occlusion. 61
32447299 2021
2
Endoscopic surgical treatment of Cushing's disease: A single-center experience of cauterization of peritumoral tissues. 61
31777545 2019
3
[Catheter balloon dilation combined with acupuncture for cricopharyngeal achalasia after brain stem infarction: a randomized controlled trial]. 61
31621251 2019
4
Experience in Rehabilitation Medicine Affects Prognosis and End-of-Life Decision-Making of Neurologists: A Case-Based Survey. 61
30607828 2019
5
Brain stem infarction in a 6-year-old boy with Down syndrome. 61
30857880 2019
6
Unnecessary Cervical Epidural Injection in An Octogenarian. 61
31528446 2019
7
A cohort study of isolated brainstem infarction based on head MR imaging and clinical findings. 61
30246581 2018
8
Spinal Cord Infarction in the Region of the Posterior Spinal Artery After Embolization for Vertebral Artery Dissection. 61
29538687 2018
9
Brainstem infarction associated with HHV-6 infection in an infant. 61
28958731 2018
10
Delayed Infarction of Medullar and Cerebellum 3 Months after Vertebral Artery Injury with C1-2 Fracture: Case Report. 61
28512615 2017
11
Preventive Suboccipital Decompressive Craniectomy for Cerebellar Infarction: A Retrospective-Matched Case-Control Study. 61
27608818 2016
12
[Brain stem infarction, temporal headache, and elevated inflammatory parameters in a 74-year-old man]. 61
27055655 2016
13
Brain Stem Infarction Due to Basilar Artery Dissection in a Patient with Moyamoya Disease Four Years after Successful Bilateral Revascularization Surgeries. 61
27068774 2016
14
Herpetic cranial polyneuritis mimicking brain stem infarction-an atypical presentation of Ramsay Hunt syndrome. 61
27251418 2016
15
Microstructural abnormalities of the trigeminal nerve by diffusion-tensor imaging in trigeminal neuralgia without neurovascular compression. 61
26678753 2016
16
Ruptured Pseudoaneurysm after Gamma Knife Surgery for Vestibular Schwannoma. 61
26667081 2016
17
Severe White Matter Hyperintensity Is Associated with Early Neurological Deterioration in Patients with Isolated Pontine Infarction. 61
27532619 2016
18
Erectile dysfunction (ED) after ischemic stroke: association between prevalence and site of lesion. 61
26374302 2015
19
Acute pontine infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention: a very rare but devastating complication. 61
26037684 2015
20
Molecular hydrogen in sports medicine: new therapeutic perspectives. 61
25525953 2015
21
[Hybrid treatment of aortic arch disease with ascending aorta to carotid artery revascularization and subsequent endovascular repair]. 61
25908289 2015
22
Evaluation of the pontine perforators of the basilar artery using digital subtraction angiography in high resolution and 3D rotation technique. 61
24904054 2014
23
"Invisible" brain stem infarction at the first day. 61
24809672 2014
24
Sudden unexpected death owing to unilateral medial medullary infarction with early involvement of the respiratory center. 61
24508471 2014
25
Posterior circulation hyperperfusion syndrome after superficial temporal artery-superior cerebellar artery bypass for vertebral artery dissection. 61
23721618 2014
26
[Cervical cord infarction associated with unilateral vertebral artery dissection due to golf swing]. 61
24583591 2014
27
Bilateral cerebellar and brain stem infarction resulting from vertebral artery injury following cervical trauma without radiographic damage of the spinal column: a case report. 61
24061492 2014
28
Isolated third, fourth, and sixth cranial nerve palsies from presumed microvascular versus other causes: a prospective study. 61
23747163 2013
29
[Long-term results of open stent-grafting applied with a Matsui-Kitamura( MK) stent in treatment of arch aneurysm]. 61
24105114 2013
30
A case of peduncular hallucinosis presenting as a primary psychiatric disorder. 61
24339609 2013
31
Brain stem infarction associated with familial Mediterranean fever and central nervous system vasculitis. 61
23710607 2013
32
Giant aneurysm of the basilar artery in an 86 year old woman. 61
24358886 2013
33
[Conversion of a retrograde access to an antegrade access for bilateral femorocrural intervention in one session]. 61
22549552 2012
34
Waffle-Cone Technique Using Solitaire AB Stent. 61
22737303 2012
35
[Dysphagia in Avellis' syndrome]. 61
22373552 2012
36
Molecular hydrogen as an emerging therapeutic medical gas for neurodegenerative and other diseases. 61
22720117 2012
37
Should intentional endovascular stent-graft coverage of the left subclavian artery be preceded by prophylactic revascularisation? 61
21376612 2011
38
Open-label trial and randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of hydrogen-enriched water for mitochondrial and inflammatory myopathies. 61
22146674 2011
39
Fatal outcome after brain stem infarction related to bilateral vertebral artery occlusion - case report of a detrimental complication of cervical spine trauma. 61
21756312 2011
40
Early single center experience with the solitaire thrombectomy device for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. 61
21696665 2011
41
[An evaluation of clinical characteristics and prognosis of brain-stem infarction in diabetics]. 61
21418884 2011
42
Spontaneous regression of an anterior skull base mass. 61
20356749 2010
43
Hybrid treatment of aberrant right subclavian artery and its aneurysms. 61
20690521 2010
44
Endovascular management of vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms: review of 25 patients. 61
20401839 2010
45
Simultaneous unilateral internal carotid artery and occlusive basilar artery dissections. 61
20121537 2010
46
Surgical treatment of intracranial VA dissecting aneurysm. 61
19953371 2010
47
Clinical presentation of intracranial epidermoids: a surgical series of 20 initial and four recurred cases. 61
22028741 2010
48
Successful treatment of pulmonary aspiration due to brain stem infarction by using cough exercise based on swallowing scintigraphy: preliminary observations. 61
19387737 2009
49
Contrast extravasation after bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling masquerading as venous subarachnoid haemorrhage. 61
19960150 2009
50
[A case of brainstem variant of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome]. 61
19938667 2009

Variations for Brain Stem Infarction

Expression for Brain Stem Infarction

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Brain Stem Infarction.

Pathways for Brain Stem Infarction

Pathways related to Brain Stem Infarction according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 11.11 PLG PLAT
2 10.95 PLG PLAT
3 10.84 PLG PLAT
4 10.32 PLG PLAT
5 9.74 PLG PLAT

GO Terms for Brain Stem Infarction

Cellular components related to Brain Stem Infarction according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 secretory granule GO:0030141 8.8 PLAT PCSK5 GARS1

Biological processes related to Brain Stem Infarction according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 proteolysis GO:0006508 9.46 PLG PLAT PCSK5 CPM
2 fibrinolysis GO:0042730 8.96 PLG PLAT
3 synaptic transmission, glycinergic GO:0060012 8.62 SLC6A5 GLRA3

Molecular functions related to Brain Stem Infarction according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 peptidase activity GO:0008233 9.46 PLG PLAT PCSK5 CPM
2 serine-type endopeptidase activity GO:0004252 9.43 PLG PLAT PCSK5
3 serine-type peptidase activity GO:0008236 9.13 PLG PLAT PCSK5
4 hydrolase activity GO:0016787 9.1 PLG PLAT PCSK5 GARS1 CPM ALLC

Sources for Brain Stem Infarction

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
20 GARD
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 05-Apr-2021)
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 Tocris
70 UMLS
71 UMLS via Orphanet
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