Aliases & Classifications for Carbuncle

MalaCards integrated aliases for Carbuncle:

Name: Carbuncle 12 45 15 17 74
Carbuncle and Furuncle of Any Part of Face Except Eye 12
Carbuncle and Furuncle of Upper Arm and Forearm 12
Carbuncle and Furuncle of Leg Except Foot 12
Carbuncle and Furuncle of Gluteal Region 12
Carbuncle and Furuncle of Buttock 12
Carbuncle and Furuncle of Trunk 12
Carbuncle and Furuncle of Face 12
Carbuncle and Furuncle of Foot 12
Carbuncle and Furuncle of Hand 12
Carbuncle and Furuncle of Neck 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:2176
ICD9CM 36 680.9
MeSH 45 D002270

Summaries for Carbuncle

MalaCards based summary : Carbuncle, also known as carbuncle and furuncle of any part of face except eye, is related to lung cancer and cornea cancer. An important gene associated with Carbuncle is SPAG1 (Sperm Associated Antigen 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts and ERK Signaling. The drugs Iodine and Povidone have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, skin and kidney, and related phenotypes are Decreased substrate adherent cell growth and Decreased substrate adherent cell growth

Wikipedia : 77 A carbuncle is a cluster of boils caused by bacterial infection, most commonly with Staphylococcus... more...

Related Diseases for Carbuncle

Diseases related to Carbuncle via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 43)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 lung cancer 28.4 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
2 cornea cancer 10.2 CDK4 FGF2
3 mast-cell sarcoma 10.2 KIT MPO
4 impetigo 10.1
5 griscelli syndrome, type 1 10.1 CASP9 CDK4 CYCS
6 connective tissue cancer 10.0 CDK4 FGF2 KIT
7 pasteurellosis 10.0 ALB MPO
8 familial nephrotic syndrome 10.0
9 nephrolithiasis 10.0
10 erysipelas 10.0
11 pyelonephritis 10.0
12 nephrotic syndrome 10.0
13 melanoma 10.0
14 cellulitis 10.0
15 folliculitis 10.0
16 acute pyelonephritis 10.0
17 peritonitis 10.0
18 intestinal obstruction 10.0
19 headache 10.0
20 adamantinoma of long bones 10.0 BAX CASP9 CDK4 FGF2
21 leukocyte disease 9.9 BAX BCL2L1 KIT
22 acute promyelocytic leukemia 9.9 BAX CASP9 CYCS MPO
23 gastrointestinal system cancer 9.9 ALB CASP9 KIT
24 hematologic cancer 9.9 BAX CYCS KIT NFKBIA
25 adenoid basal cell carcinoma 9.9 KIT SPN
26 breast adenocarcinoma 9.9 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CYCS
27 diffuse glomerulonephritis 9.8 ALB FGF2
28 malignant leydig cell tumor 9.8 KIT SPN
29 cervical cancer 9.8 BAX CASP9 CDK2 CYCS MAPK3
30 nasopharyngeal carcinoma 9.8 BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK4 NFKBIA
31 squamous cell carcinoma, head and neck 9.8 BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK4 FGF2
32 proteasome-associated autoinflammatory syndrome 1 9.7 ALB MAPK14 MPO
33 leukemia, chronic myeloid 9.7 BCL2L1 CASP9 KIT MPO
34 endometrial cancer 9.7 BAX CDK2 CDK4 KIT MAPK3
35 lung cancer susceptibility 3 9.7 BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK4 CYCS
36 gastric adenocarcinoma 9.4 BAX BCL2L1 KIT MAPK14
37 myeloma, multiple 9.3 ALB BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK4 FGF2 KIT
38 large intestine cancer 9.3 ALB BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
39 esophageal cancer 9.2 ALB BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK4 FGF2
40 hepatocellular carcinoma 9.2 ALB BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK4 FGF2
41 ewing sarcoma 9.1 ALB CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS FGF2
42 prostate cancer 9.0 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
43 breast cancer 8.4 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Carbuncle:



Diseases related to Carbuncle

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Carbuncle

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Carbuncle according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

27
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Decreased substrate adherent cell growth GR00193-A-1 10.34 CDK2 KIT MAPK3
2 Decreased substrate adherent cell growth GR00193-A-2 10.34 CDK2 CDK4 KIT MAPK14 MAPK3
3 Decreased substrate adherent cell growth GR00193-A-3 10.34 CDK2 CDK4 MAPK3
4 Decreased substrate adherent cell growth GR00193-A-4 10.34 CDK2 CDK4 KIT
5 Synthetic lethal with MLN4924 (a NAE inhibitor) GR00250-A-1 9.77 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 MAPK3 MPO
6 Synthetic lethal with MLN4924 (a NAE inhibitor) GR00250-A-2 9.77 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 MAPK3 MPO
7 Decreased viability with paclitaxel GR00179-A-1 9.55 BCL2L1 MAPK3
8 Decreased viability with paclitaxel GR00179-A-2 9.55 BCL2L1
9 Decreased viability with paclitaxel GR00179-A-3 9.55 BCL2L1 MAPK3
10 Increased cell viability after pRB stimulation GR00230-A-1 9.26 CDK2 CDK4 KIT MAPK14

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Carbuncle:

47 (show all 12)
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cellular MP:0005384 10.27 ALB BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4
2 endocrine/exocrine gland MP:0005379 10.26 ALB BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4
3 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 10.25 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
4 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 10.25 ALB BAX BCL2L1 CDK2 CDK4 FGF2
5 cardiovascular system MP:0005385 10.21 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS FGF2 KIT
6 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 10.2 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
7 mortality/aging MP:0010768 10.17 ALB BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4
8 immune system MP:0005387 10.15 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
9 muscle MP:0005369 9.91 ALB BAX CDK2 CDK4 FGF2 KIT
10 neoplasm MP:0002006 9.85 ALB BAX BCL2L1 CDK2 CDK4 FGF2
11 nervous system MP:0003631 9.65 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK4 CYCS FGF2
12 skeleton MP:0005390 9.23 BAX CYCS FGF2 KIT MAPK14 MAPK3

Drugs & Therapeutics for Carbuncle

Drugs for Carbuncle (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 29)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Iodine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 7553-56-2 807
2
Povidone Approved Phase 4 9003-39-8
3
Povidone-iodine Approved Phase 4 25655-41-8
4 Plasma Substitutes Phase 4
5 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
6 Anti-Infective Agents, Local Phase 4
7 Blood Substitutes Phase 4
8 cadexomer iodine Phase 4
9
leucovorin Approved Not Applicable 58-05-9 143 6006
10
Clindamycin Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 18323-44-9 29029
11
Sulfamethoxazole Approved Not Applicable 723-46-6 5329
12
Cephalexin Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Not Applicable 15686-71-2 27447
13
Trimethoprim Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 738-70-5 5578
14
Folic Acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Not Applicable 59-30-3 6037
15 methicillin ,Not Applicable
16 Anti-Bacterial Agents ,Not Applicable
17 Folate Not Applicable
18 Clindamycin palmitate Not Applicable
19 Antibiotics, Antitubercular Not Applicable
20 Vitamin B Complex Not Applicable
21 Folic Acid Antagonists Not Applicable
22 Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors Not Applicable
23 Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary Not Applicable
24 Vitamin B9 Not Applicable
25 Antimalarials Not Applicable
26 Antiparasitic Agents Not Applicable
27 Renal Agents Not Applicable
28 Clindamycin phosphate Not Applicable
29 Antiprotozoal Agents Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:


# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Skin and Soft Tissue Infection (SSTI) Study Completed NCT02600871 Phase 4 Provodine
2 Study of Wound Packing After Superficial Skin Abscess Drainage Completed NCT00746109 Phase 4
3 Risk Factors for Early Infant Colonization With Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Completed NCT01141101
4 Effective Antibiotic Treatment of MRSA Completed NCT00388310 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Carbuncle

Cochrane evidence based reviews: carbuncle

Genetic Tests for Carbuncle

Anatomical Context for Carbuncle

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Carbuncle:

42
Eye, Skin, Kidney, Lung, Colon, Breast, Liver

Publications for Carbuncle

Articles related to Carbuncle:

(show top 50) (show all 95)
# Title Authors Year
1
Neck carbuncle associated with methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia. ( 30366898 )
2018
2
Facial carbuncle - a new method of conservative surgical management plus irrigation with antibiotic-containing solution. ( 28412984 )
2017
3
An Unusually Large Carbuncle of the Temporofacial Region Demonstrating Remarkable Post-debridement Wound Healing Process: A Case Report. ( 28448262 )
2017
4
'Carbuncle in diabetes': a problem even today! ( 28630227 )
2017
5
Carbuncle due to Salmonella Enteritidis: a novel presentation. ( 28912837 )
2017
6
Forehead carbuncle with intractable headache. ( 25848276 )
2015
7
Excision of carbuncle with primary split-thickness skin grafting as a new treatment modality. ( 22883561 )
2013
8
Granulicatella adiacens--an unusual causative agent for carbuncle. ( 23455831 )
2012
9
Kidney metastasis of lung cancer presenting as renal carbuncle. ( 10368265 )
1999
10
The valgus and the carbuncle. ( 27517372 )
1999
11
A polypous carbuncle. ( 9585897 )
1998
12
A case of carbuncle caused by a catalase-negative strain of staphylococcus aureus. ( 8831037 )
1996
13
Case study: carbuncle of the neck with extensive tunnelling. ( 8489687 )
1993
14
Renal carbuncle presenting as acute peritonitis in pregnancy. ( 1884151 )
1991
15
Carbuncle--a conservative approach. ( 3681747 )
1987
16
Oral antibiotics and the renal carbuncle. ( 3775488 )
1986
17
Renal carbuncle: comparison between surgical open drainage and closed percutaneous drainage. ( 3881871 )
1985
18
Conservative approach in treating acute renal carbuncle. ( 3884550 )
1985
19
Management of "acute renal carbuncle". ( 7171951 )
1982
20
Renal carbuncle: diagnosis and management. ( 7222317 )
1981
21
A case of renal carbuncle-the role of radionuclides. ( 7388292 )
1980
22
Renal carbuncle in a neonate with congenital nephrotic syndrome. ( 349130 )
1978
23
A case of renal carbuncle. ( 388281 )
1978
24
Management of renal carbuncle. ( 671594 )
1978
25
Renal carbuncle: simulation of tumor response to epinephrine. ( 601943 )
1977
26
Antibiotic treatment of renal carbuncle. ( 900675 )
1977
27
Renal carbuncle: the use of ultrasound in its diagnosis and treatment. ( 916041 )
1977
28
Acute renal carbuncle. ( 926263 )
1977
29
Renal carbuncle: unusual cause of postpartum febrile morbidity. ( 943542 )
1976
30
Renal carbuncle: early diagnosis by retroperitoneal ultrasound. ( 1246759 )
1976
31
Diabetic carbuncle. ( 1075009 )
1975
32
Carbuncle: discussion and a report of two cases. ( 4207521 )
1974
33
Acute renal carbuncle: the importance of preoperative angiography. ( 4830871 )
1974
34
Renal carbuncle: antibiotic therapy governed by ultrasonically guided aspiration. ( 4699670 )
1973
35
Renal carbuncle. ( 4717842 )
1973
36
Renal carbuncle. ( 4723824 )
1973
37
Segmental acute pyelonephritis. A precursor to renal carbuncle or abscess? ( 5070143 )
1972
38
Acute renal carbuncle. The roentgenographic clarification of a medical enigma. ( 4566089 )
1972
39
Arteriography and antibiotic therapy of a renal carbuncle. ( 5014349 )
1972
40
The roentgen features of renal carbuncle. ( 5082732 )
1972
41
[Renal carbuncle with xanthogranulomatous change: report of a case]. ( 5465187 )
1970
42
Carbuncle of the kidney. ( 5943895 )
1966
43
MALIGNANT MELANOMA DEVELOPING IN A URETHRAL CARBUNCLE. ( 14204613 )
1964
44
Renal carbuncle with perforation into the peritoneal cavity. ( 13760235 )
1960
45
Renal carbuncle; report of a response to modern treatment. ( 13452010 )
1957
46
Carbuncle of the kidney. ( 13230543 )
1955
47
Chronic renal carbuncle with gross fibrous reaction. ( 13280695 )
1955
48
Renal carbuncle: a report of five cases, with some remarks on aetiology and treatment. ( 13070966 )
1953
49
Carbuncle caused by Gaffkya tetragena treated with oxytetracycline (terramycin). ( 13091374 )
1953
50
Renal carbuncle. ( 13125928 )
1953

Variations for Carbuncle

Expression for Carbuncle

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Carbuncle.

Pathways for Carbuncle

Pathways related to Carbuncle according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 94)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.92 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CYCS FGF2 KIT
2
Show member pathways
13.89 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
3
Show member pathways
13.34 BAX CASP9 FGF2 KIT MAPK3 NFKBIA
4
Show member pathways
13.02 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CYCS MAPK14 MAPK3
5
Show member pathways
13 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 FGF2
6
Show member pathways
12.97 CASP9 CYCS KIT MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
7
Show member pathways
12.87 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CYCS MAPK3 NFKBIA
8
Show member pathways
12.82 BAX BCL2L1 CDK2 CDK4 FGF2 KIT
9
Show member pathways
12.82 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
10 12.81 CASP9 FGF2 KIT MAPK14 MAPK3
11
Show member pathways
12.78 BCL2L1 FGF2 KIT MAPK14 MAPK3
12
Show member pathways
12.78 CASP9 FGF2 KIT MAPK3 NFKBIA
13
Show member pathways
12.76 BAX CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS MAPK14
14
Show member pathways
12.73 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CYCS MAPK14 MAPK3
15
Show member pathways
12.72 CASP9 CYCS MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
16
Show member pathways
12.7 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
17
Show member pathways
12.67 CASP9 CYCS MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
18
Show member pathways
12.64 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CYCS MAPK14 MAPK3
19
Show member pathways
12.63 BCL2L1 CASP9 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
20
Show member pathways
12.63 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 FGF2
21
Show member pathways
12.62 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CYCS MAPK3
22
Show member pathways
12.6 CDK4 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
23 12.58 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
24
Show member pathways
12.57 BAX BCL2L1 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA PTPN1
25
Show member pathways
12.53 CASP9 CYCS MAPK14 MAPK3
26
Show member pathways
12.51 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 MAPK14 NFKBIA
27
Show member pathways
12.5 BCL2L1 FGF2 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
28
Show member pathways
12.5 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 FGF2 MAPK14 MAPK3
29
Show member pathways
12.46 BCL2L1 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
30
Show member pathways
12.45 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
31
Show member pathways
12.44 CASP9 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
32
Show member pathways
12.44 CASP9 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
33
Show member pathways
12.42 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
34 12.4 BAX BCL2L1 CDK4 NFKBIA
35
Show member pathways
12.39 BCL2L1 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
36
Show member pathways
12.38 BCL2L1 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
37 12.37 BAX CDK2 CDK4 MAPK3 NFKBIA
38
Show member pathways
12.35 FGF2 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
39
Show member pathways
12.31 CDK2 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
40 12.31 BAX CASP9 CYCS MAPK14 MAPK3
41 12.3 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CYCS
42
Show member pathways
12.28 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 MAPK3
43
Show member pathways
12.27 BCL2L1 CASP9 CYCS MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
44 12.24 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 MAPK3
45
Show member pathways
12.23 BCL2L1 KIT MAPK14 MAPK3
46
Show member pathways
12.23 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 MAPK14
47 12.22 CDK2 CDK4 MAPK14 MAPK3
48 12.21 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4
49 12.2 BAX CASP9 CDK2 CDK4
50
Show member pathways
12.19 BAX CASP9 CYCS MAPK3

GO Terms for Carbuncle

Cellular components related to Carbuncle according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytosol GO:0005829 9.93 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4 CYCS
2 cytoplasm GO:0005737 9.5 ALB BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4
3 Bcl-2 family protein complex GO:0097136 8.96 BAX BCL2L1
4 nucleus GO:0005634 10.07 ALB BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CDK2 CDK4

Biological processes related to Carbuncle according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 30)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 positive regulation of cell proliferation GO:0008284 9.98 BCL2L1 CDK2 CDK4 FGF2 KIT
2 cellular response to DNA damage stimulus GO:0006974 9.96 BAX CASP9 CDK2 MAPK14 MAPK3
3 negative regulation of apoptotic process GO:0043066 9.91 ALB BCL2L1 MPO NFKBIA
4 MAPK cascade GO:0000165 9.87 FGF2 KIT MAPK14 MAPK3
5 regulation of gene expression GO:0010468 9.85 CDK4 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
6 male gonad development GO:0008584 9.81 BAX BCL2L1 KIT
7 response to toxic substance GO:0009636 9.79 BAX CDK4 MAPK3
8 apoptotic process GO:0006915 9.7 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9 CYCS MAPK14 MAPK3
9 intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to DNA damage GO:0008630 9.67 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9
10 response to muscle stretch GO:0035994 9.64 MAPK14 NFKBIA
11 negative regulation of programmed cell death GO:0043069 9.63 ALB KIT
12 positive regulation of macrophage chemotaxis GO:0010759 9.63 MAPK14 MAPK3
13 cellular response to organic substance GO:0071310 9.63 BAX MAPK14 MAPK3
14 regulation of ossification GO:0030278 9.62 MAPK14 MAPK3
15 positive regulation of phospholipase C activity GO:0010863 9.61 FGF2 KIT
16 ovarian follicle development GO:0001541 9.61 BAX BCL2L1 KIT
17 response to muramyl dipeptide GO:0032495 9.6 MAPK14 NFKBIA
18 signal transduction in response to DNA damage GO:0042770 9.59 CASP9 MAPK14
19 regulation of insulin receptor signaling pathway GO:0046626 9.58 CDK4 PTPN1
20 activation of MAPK activity GO:0000187 9.56 FGF2 KIT MAPK14 MAPK3
21 positive regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response GO:0002741 9.54 MAPK14 MAPK3
22 lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway GO:0031663 9.54 MAPK14 MAPK3 NFKBIA
23 positive regulation of IRE1-mediated unfolded protein response GO:1903896 9.52 BAX PTPN1
24 ectopic germ cell programmed cell death GO:0035234 9.51 BAX KIT
25 extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in absence of ligand GO:0097192 9.5 BAX BCL2L1 CASP9
26 positive regulation of metallopeptidase activity GO:1905050 9.48 MAPK14 MAPK3
27 positive regulation of cyclase activity GO:0031281 9.4 MAPK14 MAPK3
28 response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0032496 9.35 CASP9 MAPK14 MAPK3 MPO NFKBIA
29 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process by cytochrome c GO:0008635 8.8 BAX CASP9 CYCS
30 protein phosphorylation GO:0006468 10.04 CDK2 CDK4 KIT MAPK14 MAPK3

Molecular functions related to Carbuncle according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 protein kinase activity GO:0004672 9.55 CDK2 CDK4 KIT MAPK14 MAPK3
2 nucleotide binding GO:0000166 9.35 CDK2 CDK4 KIT MAPK14 MAPK3
3 MAP kinase kinase activity GO:0004708 9.32 MAPK14 MAPK3
4 MAP kinase activity GO:0004707 9.26 MAPK14 MAPK3
5 BH3 domain binding GO:0051434 8.62 BAX BCL2L1

Sources for Carbuncle

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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