MCID: CRD003
MIFTS: 45

Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Categories: Immune diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Cardiac Sarcoidosis:

Name: Cardiac Sarcoidosis 12 15 74

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:13405
NCIt 51 C35589
SNOMED-CT 69 75403004
UMLS 74 C0392077

Summaries for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Disease Ontology : 12 A sarcoidosis that is characterized by conduction abnormalities, arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure with noncaseating granulomas present on endomyocardial biopsy, and develops_from a type IV hypersensitivity reaction with noncaseating granulomas infiltrating the myocardial tissue, especially that of the left ventricle.

MalaCards based summary : Cardiac Sarcoidosis is related to pericarditis and sarcoidosis 1. An important gene associated with Cardiac Sarcoidosis is TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and TGF-Beta Pathway. The drugs Prednisone and Radiopharmaceuticals have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include heart, lung and lymph node, and related phenotypes are hematopoietic system and immune system

Related Diseases for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Diseases related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 168)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 pericarditis 29.6 IFNG TNF
2 sarcoidosis 1 11.0
3 atrioventricular block 10.4
4 arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy 10.3
5 nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease 10.3 IL12B TNF
6 myocarditis 10.3
7 epstein-barr virus-associated gastric carcinoma 10.3 PSMB9 TNF
8 patulous eustachian tube 10.3
9 angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia 10.2 IL5 TNF
10 cow milk allergy 10.2 IL5 TNF
11 rere-related disorders 10.2
12 stromal keratitis 10.2 CCR6 TNF
13 inclusion conjunctivitis 10.2 IL5 TNF
14 conjunctival disease 10.2 IL5 TNF
15 churg-strauss syndrome 10.2 IL5 TNF
16 staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome 10.2 IFNG TNF
17 autoimmune myocarditis 10.2 IFNG TNF
18 cellulitis 10.2 IL5 TNF
19 trichosporonosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
20 chronic beryllium disease 10.2 IFNG TNF
21 miliary tuberculosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
22 chronic graft versus host disease 10.2 IFNG TNF
23 clonorchiasis 10.2 IFNG TNF
24 microscopic colitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
25 crohn's colitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
26 meconium aspiration syndrome 10.2 IFNG TNF
27 central nervous system vasculitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
28 soft tissue sarcoma 10.2 IFNG TNF
29 tuberculous peritonitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
30 intermediate uveitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
31 orofacial granulomatosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
32 primary systemic mycosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
33 cytomegalovirus retinitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
34 posterior uveitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
35 mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia 10.2 IFNG TNF
36 poliomyelitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
37 eales disease 10.2 IFNG TNF
38 lichen disease 10.2 IFNG TNF
39 erythema multiforme 10.2 IFNG TNF
40 third-degree atrioventricular block 10.2
41 nose disease 10.2 IL5 TNF
42 pleural tuberculosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
43 spotted fever 10.2 IFNG TNF
44 coccidiosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
45 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 10.2 IFNG TNF
46 aseptic meningitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
47 plasmodium vivax malaria 10.1 IFNG TNF
48 hypersensitivity reaction type iv disease 10.1 IFNG TNF
49 rasmussen encephalitis 10.1 IFNG TNF
50 leprosy 3 10.1 IFNG TNF

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis:



Diseases related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis:

47
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 9.76 CCR6 IFNG IL12B IL5 PSMB8 PSMB9
2 immune system MP:0005387 9.56 CCR6 IFNG IL12B IL5 PSMB8 PSMB9
3 neoplasm MP:0002006 9.1 IFNG IL12B IL5 PSMB8 PSMB9 TNF

Drugs & Therapeutics for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Drugs for Cardiac Sarcoidosis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 41)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Prednisone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3 53-03-2 5865
2 Radiopharmaceuticals Phase 4,Phase 2,Not Applicable
3 Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 Phase 4,Phase 2,Not Applicable
4 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
5 Hormones Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
6 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
7 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
8 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
9 glucocorticoids Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
10
Methotrexate Approved Phase 3 1959-05-2, 59-05-2 126941
11
leucovorin Approved Phase 3 58-05-9 143 6006
12
Folic Acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 3 59-30-3 6037
13 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 2, Phase 3
14 Parenteral Nutrition Solutions Phase 2, Phase 3
15 Ferrosoferric Oxide Phase 2, Phase 3
16 Hematinics Phase 2, Phase 3
17 Immunosuppressive Agents Phase 3
18 Immunologic Factors Phase 3
19 Antimetabolites Phase 3
20 Vitamin B Complex Phase 3
21 Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic Phase 3
22 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 3
23 Folic Acid Antagonists Phase 3
24 Dermatologic Agents Phase 3
25 Folate Phase 3
26 Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors Phase 3
27 Vitamin B9 Phase 3
28
Somatostatin Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 38916-34-6, 51110-01-1 53481605
29
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 83-43-2 6741
30
Prednisolone phosphate Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 302-25-0
31
Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate Approved Not Applicable 2921-57-5
32
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 50-24-8 5755
33
Prednisolone hemisuccinate Experimental Not Applicable 2920-86-7
34 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Not Applicable
35 Gastrointestinal Agents Not Applicable
36 Antiemetics Not Applicable
37 Prednisolone acetate Not Applicable
38 Methylprednisolone Acetate Not Applicable
39 Autonomic Agents Not Applicable
40 Protective Agents Not Applicable
41 Neuroprotective Agents Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 25)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 d68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT Assessment of Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT03549598 Phase 4 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT;18FDG PET/CT scan;13NH3 PET/CT scan
2 Cardiac Sarcoidosis Response To Steroids Trial Withdrawn NCT01210677 Phase 4 Prednisone
3 DEtection of Cellular Inflammation With FERumoxytol in the HEART Completed NCT02319278 Phase 2, Phase 3 Ferumoxytol
4 Cardiac Sarcoidosis Randomized Trial Recruiting NCT03593759 Phase 3 Prednisone;Methotrexate
5 Optimizing Acquisition Parameters and Interpretive Methods of FDG-PET/CT With Rb-82 Completed NCT03048097 Phase 2 Fluorodeoxyglucose;Rubidium
6 18F-FSPG PET/MRI or PET/CT Imaging of Cardiac Sarcoidosis or Inflammation Recruiting NCT03103490 Phase 2 18F-FSPG
7 18F-FDG PET Imaging in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Approved for marketing NCT01764191
8 Cardiac Sarcoidosis: FDG PET vs. Ga-DOTANOC PET Completed NCT01729169
9 Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators for the Prevention of Sudden Death in Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis Completed NCT01013311
10 Somatostatin Receptor Imaging in Patients With Suspected Cardiac Sarcoidosis Completed NCT02546388 Not Applicable Indium-111 Pentreotide
11 Perfusion Analysis Using Rubidium in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Completed NCT01648933 Not Applicable
12 Cardiac Sarcoidosis and FDG-PET Completed NCT00958087
13 Somatostatin Receptor Imaging in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT02812849 Cu-64 DOTATATE
14 PET/MR Imaging In Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT03705884 Not Applicable Prednisolone
15 CASPA: CArdiac Sarcoidosis in PApworth Recruiting NCT03599414
16 Cardiac Sarcoidosis Multi-Center Prospective Cohort Recruiting NCT01477359
17 Diagnostic Potential of PET/MRI in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT03561025 Not Applicable
18 PET MRI Study in Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT03356756
19 PET-detected Myocardial Inflammation is a Characteristic of Cardiac Sarcoid But Not of ARVC Recruiting NCT02989480
20 Mayo AVC Registry and Biobank Recruiting NCT03049254
21 PET Imaging in Patients With Suspected Cardiac Sarcoidosis Active, not recruiting NCT03746847 Gallium-68 DOTATATE
22 Routine Cardiac Screening in Sarcoidosis Patients Not yet recruiting NCT03902223 Not Applicable
23 Feasibility and Accuracy of Hybrid Magnetic Resonance and Positron Emission Tomography With 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose in Diagnosing Cardiac Sarcoidosis Not yet recruiting NCT03923049 Not Applicable
24 Cell Free DNA in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Not yet recruiting NCT03858777 Not Applicable
25 Non-Invasive Characterization in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Terminated NCT02017522 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Genetic Tests for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Anatomical Context for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis:

42
Heart, Lung, Lymph Node, Monocytes, Brain, Bone, Testes

Publications for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Articles related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis:

(show top 50) (show all 749)
# Title Authors Year
1
A Unique Case of Complete Atrioventricular Block Rapidly Progressing to Diastolic and Systolic Dysfunction in Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30956665 )
2019
2
Management of Arrhythmias Associated with Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30693680 )
2019
3
Rejection in heart transplantation for cardiac sarcoidosis mimicking idiopathic giant cell myocarditis: long-term follow-up. ( 30720635 )
2019
4
Using FDG-PET to guide targeted cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in patients with suspected cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 30737635 )
2019
5
Imaging cardiac sarcoidosis with FDG-PET: Take a look at the right side! ( 30771159 )
2019
6
Diagnostic performance of F18 FDG PET in cardiac sarcoidosis: Are we getting closer to the truth? ( 30771161 )
2019
7
FDG-PET in possible cardiac sarcoidosis: Right ventricular uptake and high total cardiac metabolic activity predict cardiovascular events. ( 30815833 )
2019
8
Prognostic value of phase analysis on gated single photon emission computed tomography in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 30815835 )
2019
9
Cardiac Sympathectomy For Refractory Ventricular Arrhythmias in Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30818090 )
2019
10
Management of refractory ventricular tachycardia due to cardiac sarcoidosis-A biologic approach. ( 30820406 )
2019
11
Serial Cardiac FDG-PET for the Diagnosis and Therapeutic Guidance of Patients with Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30825644 )
2019
12
PET/CT Evaluation of Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30826020 )
2019
13
Cardiac sarcoidosis mimicking left ventricular noncompaction: An approach to acquired apical hypertrabeculation. ( 30834555 )
2019
14
Repeatability and Optimization of FDG Positron Emission Tomography for Evaluation of Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30846271 )
2019
15
Cardiac sarcoidosis mimicking myocardial infarction: a comprehensive evaluation using computed tomography and positron emission tomography. ( 30911950 )
2019
16
Left atrial involvement of cardiac sarcoidosis manifesting as left atrial re-entrant tachycardia. ( 30919889 )
2019
17
Prognostic insights of molecular imaging in cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 30945210 )
2019
18
Atypical Re-Entrant Circuit of Cavo-Tricuspid Isthmus-Dependent Atrial Flutter Due to an Atrial-Septal Conduction Disturbance in a Patient With Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 31000114 )
2019
19
Can phase analysis of gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography predict adverse outcome in cardiac sarcoidosis? ( 31069632 )
2019
20
Cardiac Sarcoidosis: A Picture May Be Worth a Thousand Words, But Do We Need More? ( 31070088 )
2019
21
Myocardial Involvement in Patients With Histologically Diagnosed Cardiac Sarcoidosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Gross Pathological Images From Autopsy or Cardiac Transplantation Cases. ( 31070111 )
2019
22
Effective steroid therapy in an elderly patient with cardiac sarcoidosis and severe left ventricular dysfunction. ( 31073350 )
2019
23
Recurrent cardiac sarcoidosis after heart transplantation. ( 31073636 )
2019
24
Remaining challenges in the diagnosis of early stage cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 31110736 )
2019
25
Suppressing physiologic 18-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in patients undergoing positron emission tomography for cardiac sarcoidosis: The effect of a structured patient preparation protocol. ( 31111450 )
2019
26
Cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Microsphaeropsis arundinis in a Japanese patient with cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 30320462 )
2019
27
Use of 18F-FDG PET/CT texture analysis to diagnose cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 30327855 )
2019
28
Cardiac sarcoidosis: Case presentation and Review of the literature. ( 30375351 )
2019
29
Advanced cardiovascular imaging for the evaluation of cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 30390241 )
2019
30
A 30-day drastic thinning of the basal interventricular septum in isolated cardiac sarcoidosis masquerading as a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. ( 30403780 )
2019
31
Importance of endomyocardial biopsy in distinguishing between cardiac sarcoidosis and giant cell myocarditis : Need to distinguish between sarcoidosis and giant cell myocarditis. ( 30470883 )
2019
32
Effect of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy on Left Ventricular Remodeling in Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30471710 )
2019
33
Evaluation of FDG PET combined with cardiac MRI for the diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring of cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 30482560 )
2019
34
Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30503798 )
2019
35
Long-Term Outcome in Probable Versus Absolute Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30527771 )
2019
36
Treatment of cardiac sarcoidosis: A comparative study of steroids and steroids plus immunosuppressive drugs. ( 30527995 )
2019
37
Same day comparison of PET/CT and PET/MR in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 30603887 )
2019
38
Diagnostic performance of F-18 FDG PET for detection of cardiac sarcoidosis; A systematic review and meta-analysis. ( 30603894 )
2019
39
18F-FDG uptake of the right ventricle is an important predictor of histopathologic diagnosis by endomyocardial biopsy in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 30610523 )
2019
40
Prognostic Impact of FDG-PET/CT Images in Patients With Suspected Cardiac Sarcoidosis: Optimal Patient Preparation, Not Complex Unconventional Analytics, Is Key to Meaningful Data. ( 30621993 )
2019
41
Lymph Vessel Proliferation on Cardiac Biopsy May Help in the Diagnosis of Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30636545 )
2019
42
Cardiac Sarcoidosis as an Uncommon Etiology for Posterior Circulation Stroke Presenting with Alexia without Agraphia. ( 30652036 )
2018
43
A case of cardiac sarcoidosis mimicking cardiac amyloidosis on cardiovascular magnetic resonance. ( 29405655 )
2018
44
Cardiac Sarcoidosis Concomitant with Large-vessel Aortitis Detected by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography. ( 29321427 )
2018
45
Isolated Cardiac Sarcoidosis Mimicking Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy. ( 29225258 )
2018
46
Cardiac sarcoidosis presenting as arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia with ventricular aneurysms: a case report. ( 29245138 )
2018
47
Importance of Early Diagnosis of Cardiac Sarcoidosis in Patients with Complete Atrioventricular Block. ( 29794391 )
2018
48
Cardiac Sarcoidosis Presenting as Complete Atrioventricular Block: Findings on PET/MRI. ( 30238713 )
2018
49
Outcome of Cardiac Sarcoidosis Presenting With High-Grade Atrioventricular Block. ( 30354309 )
2018
50
Cardiac Sarcoidosis Mimicking Septal Tumor with Intermittent Complete Atrioventricular Block. ( 30369580 )
2018

Variations for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Expression for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cardiac Sarcoidosis.

Pathways for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Pathways related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 36)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.56 CCR6 IFNG IL12B IL5 PSMB8 PSMB9
2
Show member pathways
13.26 IFNG IL12B IL5 PSMB8 PSMB9 TNF
3
Show member pathways
13.04 IFNG IL12B IL5 PSMB8 PSMB9 TNF
4
Show member pathways
12.61 IFNG IL12B IL5 TAP2 TNF
5
Show member pathways
12.38 IFNG IL12B IL5 TNF
6
Show member pathways
12.35 IFNG IL5 TNF
7 12.34 IFNG PSMB8 TAP2 TNF
8
Show member pathways
12.27 PSMB8 PSMB9 TAP2
9
Show member pathways
12.19 IFNG IL12B IL5
10
Show member pathways
12.12 IFNG IL5 TNF
11
Show member pathways
12.06 PSMB8 PSMB9 TNF
12
Show member pathways
12.05 IFNG IL12B TNF
13 12.01 IFNG IL12B TNF
14
Show member pathways
11.87 IFNG IL12B TNF
15
Show member pathways
11.86 IFNG IL12B IL5 PSMB8 TNF
16 11.81 IFNG IL5 TNF
17 11.72 IFNG IL12B TNF
18
Show member pathways
11.57 IFNG IL5 TNF
19 11.47 IL12B IL5 TNF
20 11.38 IFNG TNF
21
Show member pathways
11.36 IFNG TNF
22 11.36 CCR6 IFNG IL5 TNF
23 11.35 IL12B TNF
24 11.35 IFNG TNF
25 11.32 IFNG IL5
26 11.3 IFNG TNF
27 11.29 IFNG IL12B TNF
28 11.26 IFNG IL12B TNF
29 11.21 IFNG PSMB9
30 11.15 IFNG IL5
31
Show member pathways
11.08 IFNG IL12B
32 11.07 IFNG IL12B TNF
33 11.02 IFNG IL5
34 11 IL12B IL5 TNF
35 10.76 IFNG IL12B IL5 TNF
36 10.39 IFNG IL12B IL5 TNF

GO Terms for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Cellular components related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 proteasome core complex GO:0005839 9.16 PSMB8 PSMB9
2 proteasome core complex, beta-subunit complex GO:0019774 8.96 PSMB8 PSMB9
3 spermatoproteasome complex GO:1990111 8.62 PSMB8 PSMB9

Biological processes related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 26)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 immune response GO:0006955 9.78 CCR6 IFNG IL5 TNF
2 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0019221 9.76 IL12B IL5 TNF
3 regulation of signaling receptor activity GO:0010469 9.73 IFNG IL12B IL5 TNF
4 positive regulation of protein localization to plasma membrane GO:1903078 9.63 IFNG TNF
5 positive regulation of NIK/NF-kappaB signaling GO:1901224 9.62 IL12B TNF
6 positive regulation of cell adhesion GO:0045785 9.62 IL12B TNF
7 proteolysis involved in cellular protein catabolic process GO:0051603 9.61 PSMB8 PSMB9
8 interleukin-12-mediated signaling pathway GO:0035722 9.61 IFNG IL12B
9 extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway GO:0097191 9.6 IFNG TNF
10 positive regulation of interferon-gamma production GO:0032729 9.59 IL12B TNF
11 positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process GO:0045429 9.58 IFNG TNF
12 positive regulation of epithelial cell migration GO:0010634 9.57 CCR6 IFNG
13 proteasomal protein catabolic process GO:0010498 9.56 PSMB8 PSMB9
14 negative regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation GO:0048662 9.55 IFNG IL12B
15 positive regulation of interleukin-12 production GO:0032735 9.54 IFNG IL12B
16 positive regulation of protein complex assembly GO:0031334 9.52 IFNG TNF
17 proteasomal ubiquitin-independent protein catabolic process GO:0010499 9.51 PSMB8 PSMB9
18 positive regulation of membrane protein ectodomain proteolysis GO:0051044 9.49 IFNG TNF
19 negative regulation of growth of symbiont in host GO:0044130 9.46 IL12B TNF
20 humoral immune response GO:0006959 9.43 CCR6 IFNG TNF
21 negative regulation of interleukin-17 production GO:0032700 9.4 IFNG IL12B
22 positive regulation of podosome assembly GO:0071803 9.37 IL5 TNF
23 positive regulation of smooth muscle cell apoptotic process GO:0034393 9.32 IFNG IL12B
24 positive regulation of calcidiol 1-monooxygenase activity GO:0060559 9.16 IFNG TNF
25 positive regulation of vitamin D biosynthetic process GO:0060557 8.96 IFNG TNF
26 positive regulation of osteoclast differentiation GO:0045672 8.8 IFNG IL12B TNF

Molecular functions related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 threonine-type endopeptidase activity GO:0004298 8.96 PSMB8 PSMB9
2 cytokine activity GO:0005125 8.92 IFNG IL12B IL5 TNF

Sources for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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