MCID: CRD003
MIFTS: 44

Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Categories: Immune diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Cardiac Sarcoidosis:

Name: Cardiac Sarcoidosis 12 15 73

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:13405
NCIt 50 C35589
SNOMED-CT 68 75403004
UMLS 73 C0392077

Summaries for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

MalaCards based summary : Cardiac Sarcoidosis is related to pericarditis and sarcoidosis 1. An important gene associated with Cardiac Sarcoidosis is TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and TGF-Beta Pathway. The drugs Prednisone and Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include heart, lymph node and monocytes, and related phenotypes are Synthetic lethal with MLN4924 (a NAE inhibitor) and Synthetic lethal with MLN4924 (a NAE inhibitor)

Related Diseases for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Diseases related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 246)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 pericarditis 29.8 IFNG TNF
2 sarcoidosis 1 10.7
3 atrioventricular block 10.3
4 arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy 10.2
5 myocarditis 10.2
6 melioidosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
7 opportunistic mycosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
8 testicular disease 10.2 IFNG TNF
9 mixed connective tissue disease 10.2 IFNG TNF
10 reactive arthritis 10.2 IFNG TNF
11 hemorrhagic fever 10.2 IFNG TNF
12 staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome 10.2 IFNG TNF
13 autoimmune myocarditis 10.2 IFNG TNF
14 hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
15 pyelonephritis 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
16 bacterial vaginosis 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
17 avian influenza 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
18 peptic ulcer disease 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
19 lymphatic system disease 10.2 SMUG1 TNF
20 trichosporonosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
21 miliary tuberculosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
22 chronic graft versus host disease 10.2 IFNG TNF
23 soft tissue sarcoma 10.2 IFNG TNF
24 exudative glomerulonephritis 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
25 fasciitis 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
26 intermediate uveitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
27 orofacial granulomatosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
28 tungiasis 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
29 streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
30 primary systemic mycosis 10.2 IFNG TNF
31 nasopharyngeal disease 10.2 PSMB9 SMUG1
32 posterior uveitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
33 rheumatoid lung disease 10.2 SMUG1 TNF
34 mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia 10.2 IFNG TNF
35 trichuriasis 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
36 poliomyelitis 10.2 IFNG TNF
37 eales disease 10.2 IFNG TNF
38 haemophilus influenzae 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
39 lichen disease 10.2 IFNG TNF
40 opisthorchiasis 10.2 CXCL8 TNF
41 erythema multiforme 10.2 IFNG TNF
42 spotted fever 10.2 IFNG TNF
43 coccidiosis 10.1 IFNG TNF
44 mycobacterium abscessus 10.1 CXCL8 TNF
45 louse-borne relapsing fever 10.1 CXCL8 TNF
46 endometrial disease 10.1 CXCL8 TNF
47 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 10.1 IFNG TNF
48 dental pulp disease 10.1 CXCL8 TNF
49 periodontosis 10.1 CXCL8 TNF
50 beryllium disease 10.1 HLA-DQB1 TNF

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis:



Diseases related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Synthetic lethal with MLN4924 (a NAE inhibitor) GR00250-A-1 9.62 CXCL8 HLA-DQB1 PSMB8 PSMB9 TNF
2 Synthetic lethal with MLN4924 (a NAE inhibitor) GR00250-A-2 9.62 CXCL8 HLA-DQB1 PSMB8 PSMB9 TNF

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 neoplasm MP:0002006 9.1 IFNG IL5 PSMB8 PSMB9 SMUG1 TNF

Drugs & Therapeutics for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Drugs for Cardiac Sarcoidosis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 41)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Prednisone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3 53-03-2 5865
2 Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 Phase 4,Phase 2,Not Applicable
3 Radiopharmaceuticals Phase 4,Phase 2,Not Applicable
4 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
5 Hormones Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
6 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
7 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
8 glucocorticoids Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
9 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
10
Methotrexate Approved Phase 3 59-05-2, 1959-05-2 126941
11
leucovorin Approved Phase 3 58-05-9 6006 143
12
Folic Acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 3 59-30-3 6037
13 Parenteral Nutrition Solutions Phase 2, Phase 3
14 Hematinics Phase 2, Phase 3
15 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 2, Phase 3
16 Ferrosoferric Oxide Phase 2, Phase 3
17 Immunosuppressive Agents Phase 3
18 Vitamin B Complex Phase 3
19 Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic Phase 3
20 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 3
21 Antimetabolites Phase 3
22 Immunologic Factors Phase 3
23 Vitamin B9 Phase 3
24 Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors Phase 3
25 Folate Phase 3
26 Folic Acid Antagonists Phase 3
27 Dermatologic Agents Phase 3
28
Somatostatin Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 51110-01-1, 38916-34-6 53481605
29
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 83-43-2 6741
30
Prednisolone phosphate Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 302-25-0
31
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 50-24-8 5755
32
Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate Approved Not Applicable 2921-57-5
33
Prednisolone hemisuccinate Experimental Not Applicable 2920-86-7
34 Methylprednisolone acetate Not Applicable
35 Prednisolone acetate Not Applicable
36 Autonomic Agents Not Applicable
37 Neuroprotective Agents Not Applicable
38 Gastrointestinal Agents Not Applicable
39 Antiemetics Not Applicable
40 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Not Applicable
41 Protective Agents Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 22)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 d68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT Assessment of Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT03549598 Phase 4 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT;18FDG PET/CT scan;13NH3 PET/CT scan
2 Cardiac Sarcoidosis Response To Steroids Trial Withdrawn NCT01210677 Phase 4 Prednisone
3 DEtection of Cellular Inflammation With FERumoxytol in the HEART Completed NCT02319278 Phase 2, Phase 3 Ferumoxytol
4 Cardiac Sarcoidosis Randomized Trial Not yet recruiting NCT03593759 Phase 3 Prednisone;Methotrexate
5 Optimizing Acquisition Parameters and Interpretive Methods of FDG-PET/CT With Rb-82 Completed NCT03048097 Phase 2 Fluorodeoxyglucose;Rubidium
6 PET/MRI Imaging of Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT03103490 Phase 2 F18 FSPG
7 18F-FDG PET Imaging in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Approved for marketing NCT01764191
8 Cardiac Sarcoidosis: FDG PET vs. Ga-DOTANOC PET Completed NCT01729169
9 Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators for the Prevention of Sudden Death in Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis Completed NCT01013311
10 Somatostatin Receptor Imaging in Patients With Suspected Cardiac Sarcoidosis Completed NCT02546388 Not Applicable Indium-111 Pentreotide
11 Perfusion Analysis Using Rubidium in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Completed NCT01648933 Not Applicable
12 Cardiac Sarcoidosis and FDG-PET Completed NCT00958087
13 Somatostatin Receptor Imaging in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT02812849 Cu-64 DOTATATE
14 PET/MR Imaging In Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT03705884 Not Applicable Prednisolone
15 CASPA: CArdiac Sarcoidosis in PApworth Recruiting NCT03599414
16 Cardiac Sarcoidosis Multi-Center Prospective Cohort Recruiting NCT01477359
17 Diagnostic Potential of PET/MRI in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT03561025 Not Applicable
18 PET MRI Study in Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis Recruiting NCT03356756
19 PET-detected Myocardial Inflammation is a Characteristic of Cardiac Sarcoid But Not of ARVC Recruiting NCT02989480
20 Mayo AVC Registry and Biobank Recruiting NCT03049254
21 PET Imaging in Patients With Suspected Cardiac Sarcoidosis Not yet recruiting NCT03746847 Gallium-68 DOTATATE
22 Non-Invasive Characterization in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Terminated NCT02017522 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Genetic Tests for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Anatomical Context for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis:

41
Heart, Lymph Node, Monocytes, Lung, Bone, Liver, Spinal Cord

Publications for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Articles related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis:

(show top 50) (show all 708)
# Title Authors Year
1
Complementary Value of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in the Assessment of Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 29335272 )
2018
2
A Contemporary Analysis of Heart Transplantation and Bridge-to-Transplant Mechanical Circulatory Support Outcomes in Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 29482029 )
2018
3
A case of cardiac sarcoidosis mimicking cardiac amyloidosis on cardiovascular magnetic resonance. ( 29405655 )
2018
4
Clinical presentation, management and prognosis of patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 29619923 )
2018
5
18-FDG-PET in a patient cohort suspected for cardiac sarcoidosis: Right ventricular uptake is associated with pathological uptake in mediastinal lymph nodes. ( 29721764 )
2018
6
Cardiac sarcoidosis: a challenging diagnosis. ( 29777371 )
2018
7
Management of sudden cardiac death in cardiac sarcoidosis using the wearable cardioverter defibrillator. ( 29566033 )
2018
8
Active cardiac sarcoidosis on standard chest computed tomography. ( 29860431 )
2018
9
Gallium-68 DOTANOC scan in a patient withA suspected cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 29327255 )
2018
10
Importance of Early Diagnosis of Cardiac Sarcoidosis in Patients with Complete Atrioventricular Block. ( 29794391 )
2018
11
Serial FDG-PET/CT Imaging in the Management of Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 29215412 )
2018
12
A case of longitudinal care of a patient with cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 29423905 )
2018
13
Clinical characteristics associated with pacing-induced cardiac dysfunction: a high incidence of undiagnosed cardiac sarcoidosis before permanent pacemaker implantation. ( 29931541 )
2018
14
Isolated Cardiac Sarcoidosis Presenting with Stroke. ( 29557112 )
2018
15
Diagnostic value of quantitative assessment of cardiac <sup>18</sup>F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose uptake in suspected cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 29560563 )
2018
16
Recovery of High Degree Atrioventricular Block in a Patient with Cardiac Sarcoidosis by Corticosteroid Therapy. ( 29399570 )
2018
17
How common is isolated cardiac sarcoidosis? Extra-cardiac and cardiac findings on clinical examination and whole-body<sup>18</sup>F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. ( 29306462 )
2018
18
Spontaneous Reduction in Abnormal Myocardial Uptake of Fluorine-18 Fluorodeoxygluose in a Patient with Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 29681578 )
2018
19
Identification of left ventricular chamber-like aneurysm related to cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 29914898 )
2018
20
Isolated cardiac sarcoidosis - A rare disease entity? ( 29306463 )
2018
21
Diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of simultaneous hybrid 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging in cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 29319785 )
2018
22
Focal Myocardial Damage in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Characterized by Strain Analysis on Magnetic Resonance Tagged Imaging in Comparison with Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography Accumulation and Magnetic Resonance Late Gadolinium Enhancement. ( 29613987 )
2018
23
Establishing an Evidence-Based Method to Diagnose Cardiac Sarcoidosis: The Complementary Use of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging and FDG-PET. ( 29335273 )
2018
24
11C-4DST PET/CT Imaging of Cardiac Sarcoidosis: Comparison With 18F-FDG and Cardiac MRI. ( 29538030 )
2018
25
Isolated cardiac sarcoidosis: the crucial role of multimodal imaging with positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis and therapy surveillance. ( 29182753 )
2018
26
Robotically Guided Left Ventricular Biopsy to Diagnose Cardiac Sarcoidosis: A Multidisciplinary Innovation Leading to First-in-Human Case. ( 29519901 )
2018
27
Cardiac Sarcoidosis: A Review of Contemporary Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment. ( 29406038 )
2018
28
Case Presentation Commentary on &amp;quot;A case of longitudinal care of a patient with cardiac sarcoidosis&amp;quot;. ( 29423904 )
2018
29
Prognostic role of serial quantitative evaluation of <sup>18</sup>F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake by PET/CT in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis presenting with ventricular tachycardia. ( 29610956 )
2018
30
Bi-atrial fibrosis detected using three-dimensional late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging in a patient with cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 29876123 )
2018
31
Utility of left ventricular longitudinal strain in the diagnosis and treatment monitoring of cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 29511148 )
2018
32
Cardiac Sarcoidosis Concomitant with Large-vessel Aortitis Detected by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography. ( 29321427 )
2018
33
Cardiac Sarcoidosis Presenting as Complete Atrioventricular Block: Findings on PET/MRI. ( 30238713 )
2018
34
Outcome of Cardiac Sarcoidosis Presenting With High-Grade Atrioventricular Block. ( 30354309 )
2018
35
Cardiac Sarcoidosis Mimicking Septal Tumor with Intermittent Complete Atrioventricular Block. ( 30369580 )
2018
36
Usefulness of Total 12-Lead QRS Voltage as a Clue to Diagnosis of Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis Severe Enough to Warrant Orthotopic Heart Transplant. ( 29141071 )
2018
37
Cardiac Sarcoidosis Presenting as Acute Progressive Heart Failure with Abdominal Lymphadenopathy. ( 29151508 )
2018
38
Pathology after a combination of sequential and simultaneous unipolar radiofrequency ablation of ventricular tachycardia in a postmortem heart with cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 29988673 )
2018
39
Serial observation of electrocardiographic responses to corticosteroid therapy in a patient with right ventricular-predominant cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 29997007 )
2018
40
Cardiac MRI for Detection of Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30015582 )
2018
41
Diagnostic Value of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Strain Analysis for Detection of Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30045396 )
2018
42
Heart Transplantation for End-Stage Cardiac Sarcoidosis: Increasingly Used With Excellent Results. ( 30049363 )
2018
43
Invasive Hemodynamics and Rejection Rates in Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis After Heart Transplantation. ( 30049365 )
2018
44
Role of PET/CT in multimodality imaging in differentiating cardiac sarcoidosis from arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. ( 30051347 )
2018
45
Monitoring cardiac sarcoidosis: The next frontier. ( 30064896 )
2018
46
Updates on the Role of Imaging in Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30084045 )
2018
47
Variances of dietary preparation for suppression of physiological 18F-FDG myocardial uptake in the presence of cardiac sarcoidosis: A systematic review. ( 30088196 )
2018
48
Characterization of the Electroanatomic Substrate in Cardiac Sarcoidosis: Correlation With Imaging Findings of Scar and Inflammation. ( 30089553 )
2018
49
Assembling the Pieces of the Puzzle: Inflammation, Scar, and Electrograms in Cardiac Sarcoidosis. ( 30089554 )
2018
50
Cardiac sarcoidosis - an expert review for the chest physician. ( 30099918 )
2018

Variations for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Expression for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cardiac Sarcoidosis.

Pathways for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Pathways related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 41)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.74 CXCL8 HLA-DQB1 IFNG IL5 PSMB8 PSMB9
2
Show member pathways
13.26 CXCL8 IFNG IL5 PSMB8 PSMB9 TNF
3
Show member pathways
12.61 CXCL8 HLA-DQB1 IFNG IL5 PSMB8 PSMB9
4
Show member pathways
12.59 CXCL8 HLA-DQB1 IFNG IL5 TNF
5
Show member pathways
12.58 CXCL8 HLA-DQB1 IFNG TNF
6
Show member pathways
12.38 HLA-DQB1 IFNG IL5 TNF
7
Show member pathways
12.35 HLA-DQB1 IFNG PSMB8
8
Show member pathways
12.25 IFNG IL5 TNF
9
Show member pathways
12.17 HLA-DQB1 PSMB8 PSMB9
10
Show member pathways
12.13 CXCL8 IFNG TNF
11
Show member pathways
12.08 PSMB8 PSMB9 TNF
12
Show member pathways
12.08 HLA-DQB1 IFNG TNF
13 12.05 HLA-DQB1 IFNG TNF
14
Show member pathways
12.04 CXCL8 IFNG IL5 TNF
15
Show member pathways
12 CXCL8 IFNG TNF
16
Show member pathways
11.86 CXCL8 IFNG IL5 PSMB8 TNF
17 11.84 CXCL8 IFNG TNF
18 11.82 IFNG IL5 TNF
19 11.73 HLA-DQB1 IL5 TNF
20 11.72 CXCL8 IFNG TNF
21 11.61 CXCL8 IFNG IL5
22 11.59 IFNG IL5 TNF
23 11.47 CXCL8 IL5 TNF
24
Show member pathways
11.45 CXCL8 IFNG TNF
25 11.41 CXCL8 HLA-DQB1 IFNG TNF
26 11.37 IFNG TNF
27 11.36 IFNG TNF
28 11.34 IFNG IL5
29 11.33 IFNG TNF
30 11.31 CXCL8 IFNG
31 11.3 CXCL8 IFNG TNF
32 11.23 IFNG PSMB9
33 11.2 IFNG TNF
34 11.17 IFNG IL5
35 11.05 IFNG IL5
36 11.05 IFNG IL5 TNF
37 11.03 CXCL8 IL5 TNF
38 11.01 CXCL8 TNF
39 10.96 IFNG IL5 TNF
40 10.89 CXCL8 TNF
41
Show member pathways
10.81 CXCL8 IFNG IL5 TNF

GO Terms for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

Cellular components related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 proteasome core complex GO:0005839 9.16 PSMB8 PSMB9
2 proteasome core complex, beta-subunit complex GO:0019774 8.96 PSMB8 PSMB9
3 spermatoproteasome complex GO:1990111 8.62 PSMB8 PSMB9

Biological processes related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 16)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0019221 9.72 CXCL8 IL5 TNF
2 regulation of signaling receptor activity GO:0010469 9.62 CXCL8 IFNG IL5 TNF
3 extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway GO:0097191 9.56 IFNG TNF
4 antigen processing and presentation GO:0019882 9.54 HLA-DQB1 PSMB8
5 positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process GO:0045429 9.52 IFNG TNF
6 proteasomal protein catabolic process GO:0010498 9.51 PSMB8 PSMB9
7 positive regulation of protein complex assembly GO:0031334 9.49 IFNG TNF
8 proteasomal ubiquitin-independent protein catabolic process GO:0010499 9.48 PSMB8 PSMB9
9 protein import into nucleus, translocation GO:0000060 9.46 IFNG TNF
10 positive regulation of osteoclast differentiation GO:0045672 9.43 IFNG TNF
11 embryonic digestive tract development GO:0048566 9.4 CXCL8 TNF
12 positive regulation of membrane protein ectodomain proteolysis GO:0051044 9.37 IFNG TNF
13 positive regulation of podosome assembly GO:0071803 9.26 IL5 TNF
14 positive regulation of calcidiol 1-monooxygenase activity GO:0060559 9.16 IFNG TNF
15 immune response GO:0006955 9.02 CXCL8 HLA-DQB1 IFNG IL5 TNF
16 positive regulation of vitamin D biosynthetic process GO:0060557 8.96 IFNG TNF

Molecular functions related to Cardiac Sarcoidosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 threonine-type endopeptidase activity GO:0004298 8.96 PSMB8 PSMB9
2 cytokine activity GO:0005125 8.92 CXCL8 IFNG IL5 TNF

Sources for Cardiac Sarcoidosis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
Content
Loading form....