CTRCT23
MCID: CTR182
MIFTS: 24

Cataract 23, Multiple Types (CTRCT23)

Categories: Eye diseases, Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases, Metabolic diseases, Nephrological diseases, Neuronal diseases, Oral diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

MalaCards integrated aliases for Cataract 23, Multiple Types:

Name: Cataract 23, Multiple Types 57 74 29 6
Cataract 23 57 12 72
Ctrct23 57 12 74
Lamellar Cataract 23 12 74
Cataract 23, Multiple Types, with or Without Microcornea 57
Microphthalmia, Isolated, with Cataract 4 72
Isolated Microphthalmia with Cataract 4 74
Cataract, Type 23 40
Mcopct4 74

Characteristics:

HPO:

32
cataract 23, multiple types:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0110271
MeSH 44 D002386
ICD10 33 Q12.0
UMLS 72 C1864878 C3808012

Summaries for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 74 Cataract 23, multiple types: An opacification of the crystalline lens of the eye that frequently results in visual impairment or blindness. Opacities vary in morphology, are often confined to a portion of the lens, and may be static or progressive. In general, the more posteriorly located and dense an opacity, the greater the impact on visual function. CTRCT23 is a zonular cataract. Zonular or lamellar cataracts are opacities, broad or narrow, usually consisting of powdery white dots affecting only certain layers or zones between the cortex and nucleus of an otherwise clear lens. The opacity may be so dense as to render the entire central region of the lens completely opaque, or so translucent that vision is hardly if at all impeded. Zonular cataracts generally do not involve the embryonic nucleus, though sometimes they involve the fetal nucleus. Usually sharply separated from a clear cortex outside them, they may have projections from their outer edges known as riders or spokes.

MalaCards based summary : Cataract 23, Multiple Types, is also known as cataract 23. An important gene associated with Cataract 23, Multiple Types is CRYBA4 (Crystallin Beta A4). Affiliated tissues include eye and cortex, and related phenotype is lamellar cataract.

Disease Ontology : 12 A cataract that has material basis in heterozygous mutation in the crystallin beta-A4 gene (CRYBA4) on chromosome 22q12.

OMIM : 57 Mutation in the CRYBA4 gene has been found in families with cataract described as congenital, lamellar, and nuclear. (610425)

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

Human phenotypes related to Cataract 23, Multiple Types:

32
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 lamellar cataract 32 HP:0007971

Clinical features from OMIM:

610425

Drugs & Therapeutics for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

Genetic Tests for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

Genetic tests related to Cataract 23, Multiple Types:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Cataract 23, Multiple Types 29 CRYBA4

Anatomical Context for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Cataract 23, Multiple Types:

41
Eye, Cortex

Publications for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

Articles related to Cataract 23, Multiple Types:

(show all 15)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
A missense mutation in CRYBA4 associated with congenital cataract and microcornea. 8 71
20577656 2010
2
CRYBA4, a novel human cataract gene, is also involved in microphthalmia. 8 71
16960806 2006
3
Mutation analysis of congenital cataracts in Indian families: identification of SNPS and a new causative allele in CRYBB2 gene. 8 71
15452067 2004
4
Microphthalmia/Anophthalmia/Coloboma Spectrum 71
20301552 2004
5
Clinical and genetic characteristics of Chinese patients with familial or sporadic pediatric cataract. 38
29914532 2018
6
Experiences with Thalidomide for Erythema Nodosum Leprosum– a retrospective study. 38
30212168 2016
7
Ocular Trauma Score in Siderosis Bulbi With Retained Intraocular Foreign Body. 38
26426616 2015
8
Long-term outcome and patterns of failure in primary ocular adnexal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma treated with radiotherapy. 38
21664061 2012
9
Ocular manifestations of Takayasu arteritis: a cross-sectional study. 38
21317836 2011
10
Causes of blindness among hospital outpatients in Ecuador. 38
16626429 2006
11
Group II phospholipase A2 content of tears in patients with senile cataract and primary open-angle glaucoma. 38
11936442 2002
12
[The results of clear lens extraction for anisometropia treatment in patients with high myopia and unilateral cataract]. 38
11873410 2001
13
Some Parameters of Immune Status in Children before and after Cataract Extraction with Intraocular Lens Implantation. 38
12687198 2000
14
Prevalence and causes of visual impairment in Italy. 38
8082963 1994
15
[Free fatty acid levels in the blood serum and aqueous humor of patients with cataract]. 38
2090863 1990

Variations for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Cataract 23, Multiple Types:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 CRYBA4 NM_001886.3(CRYBA4): c.190G> T (p.Gly64Trp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1114167427 22:27021476-27021476 22:26625512-26625512
2 CRYBA4 NM_001886.3(CRYBA4): c.281T> C (p.Phe94Ser) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs74315486 22:27021567-27021567 22:26625603-26625603
3 CRYBA4 NM_001886.3(CRYBA4): c.206T> C (p.Leu69Pro) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs74315487 22:27021492-27021492 22:26625528-26625528
4 CRYBA4 NM_001886.3(CRYBA4): c.352A> G (p.Lys118Glu) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance 22:27024303-27024303 22:26628339-26628339
5 CRYBA4 NM_001886.3(CRYBA4): c.65T> C (p.Phe22Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance 22:27019223-27019223 22:26623259-26623259
6 CRYBA4 NM_001886.3(CRYBA4): c.227G> C (p.Ser76Thr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance 22:27021513-27021513 22:26625549-26625549
7 CRYBA4 NM_001886.3(CRYBA4): c.106G> A (p.Val36Met) single nucleotide variant Benign rs35520672 22:27019264-27019264 22:26623300-26623300
8 CRYBA4 NM_001886.3(CRYBA4): c.307C> T (p.Arg103Cys) single nucleotide variant Benign rs149353652 22:27024258-27024258 22:26628294-26628294
9 CRYBA4 NM_001886.3(CRYBA4): c.324A> T (p.Thr108=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs143137736 22:27024275-27024275 22:26628311-26628311

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Cataract 23, Multiple Types:

74
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 CRYBA4 p.Leu69Pro VAR_029528 rs74315487
2 CRYBA4 p.Phe94Ser VAR_029529 rs74315486
3 CRYBA4 p.Gly64Trp VAR_078868 rs111416742

Expression for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cataract 23, Multiple Types.

Pathways for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

GO Terms for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

Sources for Cataract 23, Multiple Types

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 TGDB
71 Tocris
72 UMLS
73 UMLS via Orphanet
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