Celiac Disease 1 (CELIAC1)

Categories: Gastrointestinal diseases, Genetic diseases, Immune diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Celiac Disease 1

MalaCards integrated aliases for Celiac Disease 1:

Name: Celiac Disease 1 56 37
Celiac Disease 56 12 24 52 25 36 29 54 42 43 15 17 71
Coeliac Disease 12 74 52 15 32
Celiac Sprue 12 74 24 52 25
Celiac Disease, Susceptibility to 56 29 13
Gluten-Sensitive Enteropathy 24 52
Nontropical Sprue 24 52
Sprue 25 71
Gluten-Sensitive Enteropathy, Susceptibility to, 1 56
Celiac Disease, Susceptibility to, Type 1 39
Celiac Disease, Susceptibility to, 1 56
Celiac Sprue, Susceptibility to, 1 56
Gluten-Sensitive Enteropathy 1 56
Gluten-Induced Enteropathy 52
Childhood Celiac Disease 71
Idiopathic Steatorrhea 12
Gluten Intolerance 52
Gluten Enteropathy 25
Celiac Sprue 1 56
Cœliac Disease 24
Celiac1 56



autosomal recessive

genetic heterogeneity
precipitating factors - ingestion of wheat gluten, rye, and/or barley
presentation in infants - impaired growth, diarrhea, abdominal distention, vomiting
presentation in children - diarrhea, constipation (rarely), short stature, pubertal delay, rickets, iron and folate deficiency with anemia
presentation in adults - episodic or nocturnal diarrhea, flatulence, weight loss, iron deficiency anemia, macrocytic anemia, coagulopathy, vitamin d deficiency


Penetrance The penetrance of celiac disease is low. the risk of developing celiac disease is affected by hla diplotype (see table 2)....


Summaries for Celiac Disease 1

Genetics Home Reference : 25 Celiac disease is a condition in which the immune system is abnormally sensitive to gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder; autoimmune disorders occur when the immune system malfunctions and attacks the body's own tissues and organs. Without a strict, lifelong gluten-free diet, inflammation resulting from immune system overactivity may cause a wide variety of signs and symptoms involving many parts of the body. Celiac disease can develop at any age after an individual starts eating foods containing gluten. The classic symptoms of the condition result from inflammation affecting the gastrointestinal tract. This inflammation damages the villi, which are small, finger-like projections that line the small intestine and provide a greatly increased surface area to absorb nutrients. In celiac disease, the villi become shortened and eventually flatten out. Intestinal damage causes diarrhea and poor absorption of nutrients, which may lead to weight loss. Abdominal pain, swelling (distention), and food intolerances are common in celiac disease. Inflammation associated with celiac disease may lead to an increased risk of developing certain gastrointestinal cancers such as cancers of the small intestine or esophagus. Inflammation and poor nutrient absorption may lead to problems affecting many other organs and systems of the body in affected individuals. These health problems may include iron deficiency that results in a low number of red blood cells (anemia), vitamin deficiencies, low bone mineral density (osteoporosis), itchy skin rashes (dermatitis herpetiformis), defects in the enamel of the teeth, chronic fatigue, joint pain, poor growth, delayed puberty, infertility, or repeated miscarriages. Neurological problems have also been associated with celiac disease; these include migraine headaches, depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and recurrent seizures (epilepsy). Many people with celiac disease have one or more of these varied health problems but do not have gastrointestinal symptoms. This form of the condition is called nonclassic celiac disease. Researchers now believe that nonclassic celiac disease is actually more common than the classic form. Celiac disease often goes undiagnosed because many of its signs and symptoms are nonspecific, which means they may occur in many disorders. Most people who have one or more of these nonspecific health problems do not have celiac disease. On average, a diagnosis of celiac disease is not made until 6 to 10 years after symptoms begin. Some people have silent celiac disease, in which they have no symptoms of the disorder. However, people with silent celiac disease do have immune proteins in their blood (antibodies) that are common in celiac disease. They also have inflammatory damage to their small intestine that can be detected with a biopsy. In a small number of cases, celiac disease does not improve with a gluten-free diet and progresses to a condition called refractory sprue. Refractory sprue is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, poor absorption of nutrients, and an increased risk of developing a type of cancer of the immune cells called T-cell lymphoma.

MalaCards based summary : Celiac Disease 1, also known as celiac disease, is related to refractory celiac disease and autoimmune disease, and has symptoms including abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea. An important gene associated with Celiac Disease 1 is HLA-DQB1 (Major Histocompatibility Complex, Class II, DQ Beta 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Allograft rejection and Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). The drugs tannic acid and Benzocaine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include small intestine to gliadin, small intestine and testes, and related phenotypes are vitamin b12 deficiency and short stature

Disease Ontology : 12 An autoimmune disease of gastrointestinal tract that is caused by a reaction located in small intestine to gliadin, a prolamin (gluten protein) found in wheat, and similar proteins found in the crops of the tribe Triticeae. The disease is associated with HLA-DQ gene. It has symptom abdominal pain, has symptom constipation, has symptom diarrhea, has symptom nausea and vomiting, and has symptom loss of appetite.

NIH Rare Diseases : 52 Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that damages the small intestine and inhibits absorption of nutrients. People with celiac disease cannot tolerate gluten, a protein in wheat, rye, barley, and in some products such as medicines, vitamins, and lip balms. When affected people eat food with gluten, or use a product with gluten, the immune system reacts by damaging tiny parts of the lining of the small intestine called villi. Because villi normally allow the blood to absorb nutrients from food, affected individuals become malnourished. Classic signs and symptoms are caused by inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and may include diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, swelling, and food intolerance. However, many people have other symptoms involving many body systems, and some people have no symptoms. While celiac disease tends to run in families, it does not follow a specific inheritance pattern. The risk to develop celiac disease is raised by having certain forms of the HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DQB1 genes . Treatment is a lifelong, gluten-free diet.

OMIM : 56 Celiac disease, also known as celiac sprue and gluten-sensitive enteropathy (GSE), is a multifactorial disorder of the small intestine that is influenced by both environmental and genetic factors. It is characterized by malabsorption resulting from inflammatory injury to the mucosa of the small intestine after the ingestion of wheat gluten or related rye and barley proteins (summary by Farrell and Kelly, 2002). Long regarded as gastrointestinal disorder of childhood, the disease is now considered to be a chronic systemic autoimmune disease and is more often diagnosed in adults than in children (Monsuur et al., 2005). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of celiac disease, see MAPPING. (212750)

MedlinePlus : 42 Celiac disease is an immune disease in which people can't eat gluten because it will damage their small intestine. If you have celiac disease and eat foods with gluten, your immune system responds by damaging the small intestine. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. It may also be in other products like vitamins and supplements, hair and skin products, toothpastes, and lip balm. Celiac disease affects each person differently. Symptoms may occur in the digestive system, or in other parts of the body. One person might have diarrhea and abdominal pain, while another person may be irritable or depressed. Irritability is one of the most common symptoms in children. Some people have no symptoms. Celiac disease is genetic. Blood tests can help your doctor diagnose the disease. Your doctor may also need to examine a small piece of tissue from your small intestine. Treatment is a diet free of gluten. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

KEGG : 36 Celiac disease is a chronic gluten intolerance that occurs in genetically predisposed individuals. The ingestion of gluten causes chronic inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa, leading to nutrient malabsorption. Susceptibility to celiac disease is strongly associated with particular HLA class II alleles. However, non-HLA genetic factors are likely to be required for the development of the disease. It has been reported that CTLA4 and MYO9B gene polymorphisms are associated with predisposition to celiac disease.

Wikipedia : 74 Coeliac disease or celiac disease is a long-term immune disorder that primarily affects the small... more...

GeneReviews: NBK1727

Related Diseases for Celiac Disease 1

Diseases in the Celiac Disease 1 family:

Celiac Disease 5 Celiac Disease 4
Celiac Disease 2 Celiac Disease 3
Celiac Disease 6 Celiac Disease 7
Celiac Disease 8 Celiac Disease 9
Celiac Disease 10 Celiac Disease 11
Celiac Disease 12 Celiac Disease 13

Diseases related to Celiac Disease 1 via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 1136)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 refractory celiac disease 35.0 MYO9B IL15 HLA-DQB1
2 autoimmune disease 33.0 TPO TGM2 PTPN22 IL15 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1
3 autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome, type ii 32.8 TPO PTPN22
4 dermatitis herpetiformis 32.6 TGM2 MYO9B HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CD79A
5 alpha/beta t-cell lymphopenia with gamma/delta t-cell expansion, severe cytomegalovirus infection, and autoimmunity 32.5 TPO PTPN22 CTLA4
6 immunoglobulin alpha deficiency 32.4 TGM2 HLA-DQB1 CD79A
7 thyroiditis 32.3 TPO PTPN22 CTLA4
8 hashimoto thyroiditis 32.2 TPO PTPN22 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4
9 inflammatory bowel disease 32.2 PTPN22 MYO9B IL15 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4
10 diabetes mellitus, type i 32.2 TPO TGM2 PTPN22 IL15 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1
11 primary biliary cirrhosis 32.1 PTPN22 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4 CD79A
12 autoimmune hepatitis 32.0 TPO HLA-DQB1 CTLA4
13 microscopic colitis 31.9 TGM2 IL15 HLA-DQB1 CD79A
14 systemic lupus erythematosus 31.8 TPO PTPN22 IL15 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4
15 graves' disease 31.8 TPO PTPN22 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4
16 alopecia areata 31.8 TPO PTPN22 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4
17 juvenile rheumatoid arthritis 31.7 IL15 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4
18 lupus erythematosus 31.6 PTPN22 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4
19 rheumatoid arthritis 31.6 PTPN22 IL15 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4 CD79A
20 wheat allergy 31.6 TGM2 HLA-DQB1
21 common variable immunodeficiency 31.6 IL15 HLA-DQB1 CTLA4 CD79A
22 hypoparathyroidism 31.6 TPO PTPN22 CTLA4
23 arthritis 31.6 PTPN22 IL15 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4
24 jejunoileitis 31.6 TGM2 MYO9B
25 vitiligo-associated multiple autoimmune disease susceptibility 1 31.5 TPO PTPN22 CTLA4
26 immunoglobulin a deficiency 1 31.5 TGM2 CD79A
27 multiple sclerosis 31.4 PTPN22 IL15 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4
28 myasthenia gravis 31.3 PTPN22 HLA-DQB1 CTLA4
29 myxedema 31.2 TPO CTLA4
30 hypoadrenocorticism, familial 31.1 TPO PTPN22 CTLA4
31 lymphopenia 31.1 PTPN22 IL15 CTLA4
32 primary adrenal insufficiency 30.9 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1
33 giardiasis 30.8 TGM2 CD79A
34 psoriatic arthritis 30.8 PTPN22 IL15 CTLA4
35 type 1 diabetes mellitus 2 30.8 PTPN22 HLA-DQB1 CTLA4
36 toxoplasmosis 30.8 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CD79A
37 leishmaniasis 30.8 IL15 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4
38 guillain-barre syndrome 30.8 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CD79A
39 autoimmune hepatitis type 1 30.7 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1
40 dysgammaglobulinemia 30.4 TGM2 CD79A
41 central nervous system vasculitis 30.2 PTPN22 CTLA4
42 epilepsy with bilateral occipital calcifications 11.9
43 celiac disease 4 11.6
44 celiac disease 3 11.6
45 down syndrome 11.6
46 cholangitis, primary sclerosing 11.6
47 celiac disease 5 11.5
48 celiac disease 2 11.5
49 celiac disease 6 11.5
50 celiac disease 7 11.5

Comorbidity relations with Celiac Disease 1 via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):

Chylomicron Retention Disease Deficiency Anemia
Hypothyroidism Iron Deficiency Anemia
Protein-Energy Malnutrition Tropical Sprue

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Celiac Disease 1:

Diseases related to Celiac Disease 1

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Celiac Disease 1

Human phenotypes related to Celiac Disease 1:

31 (show all 43)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 vitamin b12 deficiency 31 occasional (7.5%) HP:0100502
2 short stature 31 HP:0004322
3 delayed puberty 31 HP:0000823
4 failure to thrive 31 HP:0001508
5 vomiting 31 HP:0002013
6 type i diabetes mellitus 31 HP:0100651
7 rickets 31 HP:0002748
8 ataxia 31 HP:0001251
9 weight loss 31 HP:0001824
10 arthralgia 31 HP:0002829
11 abdominal pain 31 HP:0002027
12 osteoporosis 31 HP:0000939
13 postnatal growth retardation 31 HP:0008897
14 anxiety 31 HP:0000739
15 elevated hepatic transaminase 31 HP:0002910
16 depressivity 31 HP:0000716
17 alopecia 31 HP:0001596
18 celiac disease 31 HP:0002608
19 thyroiditis 31 HP:0100646
20 low levels of vitamin d 31 HP:0100512
21 lymphoma 31 HP:0002665
22 hypocalcemia 31 HP:0002901
23 eczema 31 HP:0000964
24 cerebral calcification 31 HP:0002514
25 infertility 31 HP:0000789
26 steatorrhea 31 HP:0002570
27 prolonged prothrombin time 31 HP:0008151
28 diarrhea 31 HP:0002014
29 polyneuropathy 31 HP:0001271
30 abdominal distention 31 HP:0003270
31 recurrent aphthous stomatitis 31 HP:0011107
32 decreased circulating iga level 31 HP:0002720
33 macrocytic anemia 31 HP:0001972
34 low levels of vitamin k 31 HP:0011892
35 hypoplasia of dental enamel 31 HP:0006297
36 abnormality of the abdominal wall 31 HP:0004298
37 stomatitis 31 HP:0010280
38 thrombocytosis 31 HP:0001894
39 iron deficiency anemia 31 HP:0001891
40 prolonged partial thromboplastin time 31 HP:0003645
41 abnormality of the coagulation cascade 31 HP:0003256
42 seizure 31 HP:0001250
43 reduced blood folate concentration 31 HP:0100507

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
cerebral calcification

Endocrine Features:
delayed puberty
type 1 diabetes
autoimmune thyroiditis

Growth Weight:
weight loss

Skeletal Limbs:

Skin Nails Hair Hair:

Abdomen Gastrointestinal:
recurrent abdominal pain
watery diarrhea (children and adults)
small intestine inflammation
flattened villi
iron deficiency anemia (adults)
macrocytic anemia (folate or rarely b12 deficiency)

iga deficiency

Head And Neck Teeth:
hypoplastic dental enamel

osteoporosis (70% of patients)

Growth Height:
short stature

Growth Other:
failure to thrive
growth retardation (children)

Neurologic Peripheral Nervous System:
peripheral neuropathy

Neurologic Behavioral Psychiatric Manifestations:

Laboratory Abnormalities:
prolonged prothrombin time
iiga and igg antigliadin antibodies (aga)
iga antiendomysial antibodies (ema)
anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (anti-ttg)
Head And Neck Mouth:
recurrent aphthous stomatitis

esophageal cancer
intestinal t-cell lymphoma
small bowel cancer
pharyngeal cancer

Skin Nails Hair Skin:
follicular keratosis
dermatitis herpetiformis

Abdomen External Features:
abdominal distention (children)

Clinical features from OMIM:



  • abdominal pain
  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • loss of appetite

UMLS symptoms related to Celiac Disease 1:

nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, icterus, dyspepsia, heartburn, gastrointestinal gas

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Celiac Disease 1:

# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 9.65 CD79A CTLA4 HLA-DQA1 HLA-DQB1 IL15 MYO9B
2 immune system MP:0005387 9.32 CD79A CTLA4 HLA-DQA1 HLA-DQB1 IL15 MYO9B

Drugs & Therapeutics for Celiac Disease 1

Drugs for Celiac Disease 1 (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 168)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
tannic acid Approved Phase 4 1401-55-4
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 94-09-7, 1994-09-7 2337
Prucalopride Approved Phase 4 179474-81-8
Tocopherol Approved, Investigational Phase 4 1406-66-2, 54-28-4 14986
Iron Approved, Experimental Phase 4 15438-31-0, 7439-89-6 27284 23925
Sage Approved Phase 4
leucovorin Approved Phase 4 58-05-9 6006 143
Hydroxocobalamin Approved Phase 4 13422-51-0 15589840 11953898
Silicon Approved, Investigational Phase 4 7440-21-3 4082203
Pancrelipase Approved, Investigational Phase 4 53608-75-6
Vitamin E Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 59-02-9 14985
Vitamin D Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 1406-16-2
Ergocalciferol Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 50-14-6 5280793
Vitamin D3 Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 67-97-0 5280795 6221
Folic acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 59-30-3 6037
Cyanocobalamin Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 68-19-9 44176380
Pyridoxine Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 65-23-6 1054
18 Tocotrienol Investigational Phase 4 6829-55-6
Cobalamin Experimental Phase 4 13408-78-1 6857388
20 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
21 Cathartics Phase 4
22 Laxatives Phase 4
23 Serotonin Receptor Agonists Phase 4
24 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4
25 Tocotrienols Phase 4
26 Tocopherols Phase 4
27 Imatinib Mesylate Phase 4 220127-57-1 123596
28 Hormones Phase 4
29 Calcium, Dietary Phase 4
30 Calciferol Phase 4
31 Ergocalciferols Phase 4
32 Omega 3 Fatty Acid Phase 4
33 Vitamin D2 Phase 4
34 Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Phase 4
35 Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone Phase 4
36 Bifidobacterium Phase 4
37 Sulfalene Phase 4
38 Acidophilus Phase 4
39 Vitamins Phase 4
40 Vitamin B 6 Phase 4
41 Vitamin B Complex Phase 4
42 Vitamin B 12 Phase 4
43 Folate Phase 4
44 Vitamin B9 Phase 4
45 Vitamin B12 Phase 4
46 pancreatin Phase 4
47 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4
Serotonin Investigational, Nutraceutical Phase 4 50-67-9 5202
Calcium Nutraceutical Phase 4 7440-70-2 271
Pyridoxal Experimental, Nutraceutical Phase 4 66-72-8 1050

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 326)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Randomized Crossover Trial for the Evaluation of the Possible Effects in the Intestine of Two Different Pharmaceutical Forms of L - Thyroxine in Patients With Primary Acquired Hypothyroidism Unknown status NCT02917863 Phase 4 L-Thyroxine (tablet, per os);L-Thyroxine (oral drops, solution)
2 The Effect of Prucalopride on Small Bowel Transit Time in Patients Undergoing Capsule Endoscopy: A Randomized Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT02806206 Phase 4 Prucalopride;Placebo
3 Maintenance of Vitamin D Sufficiency With Oral Vitamin D Supplementation in Malaysian Women of Malay and Indian Ethnicity With Post Menopausal Osteoporosis Unknown status NCT02389179 Phase 4 Vitamin D3
5 SAGE: Supplementation in Adolescent Girls With Endometriosis Completed NCT02387931 Phase 4
6 Improving Multivitamin Supplementation to Pregnant Women Completed NCT02300155 Phase 4 Pregvit®;Orifer F®
7 The Effect of Corticotrophin-releasing Hormone (CRH) on Esophageal Motility in Healthy Volunteers Completed NCT02736734 Phase 4 CRH
8 Open-label Withdrawal Trial of Budesonide in Patients With Immune Mediated Enteropathies Recruiting NCT03866538 Phase 4 Withdrawal of Oral Budesonide
9 Celiac Disease and Vitamin Status: Evaluation of the Effect of Supplementation With a Probiotic (VIVOMIXX®) on Vitamin B6, B12, 25'OH D, Folic Acid and Omocystein Levels, Metabolic and Inflammatory Status, and Gut Microbiota Metabolomics in a Cohoort of Celiac Patients Recruiting NCT04160767 Phase 4 Probiotic Vivomixx
10 Does Bowel Preparation (Either as a Single or Divided Dose) Produce Better Cleansing and Diagnostic Yield Than no Preparation at All in Small Bowel Capsule Endoscopy Recruiting NCT03351972 Phase 4 Klean Prep
11 Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of Creon in Patients With Low Faecal Pancreatic Elastase Terminated NCT01865695 Phase 4 Creon
12 Pilot Study of the Efficacy of Pancreatic Enzyme Supplementation for Symptom Control in Celiac Disease Not Responding to the Gluten Free Diet Terminated NCT02475369 Phase 4 pancrelipase
13 HLA-DQ2-gliadin Tetramer for Diagnosis of Celiac Disease Completed NCT01100099 Phase 2, Phase 3
14 Effect of Addition of Short Course of Prednisolone to Gluten Free Diet and Gluten Free Diet Alone in the Recovery of Clinical, Histological and Immunological Features in Naive Adult Patients With Celiac Disease Completed NCT01045837 Phase 2, Phase 3 Prednisolone and Gluten free diet
15 Double Blind Randomized Placebo Controlled Multicenter Trial (Gluten vs Placebo) in Gluten Sensitive Subjects Completed NCT01485341 Phase 3
16 A Randomized Comparison of a Low Fat or Low Carbohydrate Dietary Pattern for Weight Loss and Impact on Biomarkers Associated With Breast Cancer Risk in Overweight and Obese Premenopausal Women: Lifestyle Eating and Fitness Completed NCT01559194 Phase 3
17 Protocol for Correlating Enteropathic Severity and Small Intestinal CYP3A4 Activity in Patients With Celiac Disease Completed NCT01338324 Phase 2, Phase 3 Simvastatin
18 Exploration of the Biologic Basis for Underperformance of Oral Polio and Rotavirus Vaccines in Bangladesh Completed NCT01375647 Phase 3
19 Paradigm Real Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring Device for the Prevention of Hypoglycemia Completed NCT00554281 Phase 3
20 A Randomized Placebo-Controlled, Crossover-Design Study of the Effects of Low Dose Naltrexone on Quality of Life as Measured by the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Inventory (MSQLI54) Completed NCT00501696 Phase 3 4.5 mg Naltrexone;Naltrexone
21 A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Larazotide Acetate for the Relief of Persistent Symptoms in Patients With Celiac Disease on a GFD Recruiting NCT03569007 Phase 3 Larazotide;Matching Placebo
22 BALLAD BELGIUM: A Trial to Evaluate the Potential Benefit of Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Small Bowel Adenocarcinoma Recruiting NCT04257461 Phase 3 Fluoropyrimidine;Oxaliplatin
23 Assessment of the Effect of Gluten Free Toothpaste on the Ulcerative Events in Children With Celiac Disease (Before and After Pilot Study) Not yet recruiting NCT03771443 Phase 3 experimental gluten free toothpaste
24 PRODIGE 33 - BALLAD - Phase III Trial Investigating the Potential Benefit of Adjvant Chemotherapy for Small Bowel Adenocarcinoma Not yet recruiting NCT02502370 Phase 3 observation alone;LV5FU2;FOLFOX
25 Efficacite et Innocuite du Tannate de Gelatine Dans le Traitement de la Diarrhee aiguë de l'Enfant. Une Etude Randomisee, Controlee, en Double Aveugle (INDIGO) Not yet recruiting NCT04065529 Phase 3
26 A Phase 2b, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Dose-Ranging Study of the Efficacy and Safety of ALV003 Treatment in Symptomatic Celiac Disease Patients Maintained on a Gluten-Free Diet Unknown status NCT01917630 Phase 2 ALV003;placebo
27 Wheat Flour Subjected to Microbial Transglutaminase Enzymatic Treatment in the Presence of Lysine Ethyl Ester for Alimentary Use in the Treatment of Celiac Disease. Unknown status NCT02472119 Phase 2
28 Effect of Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy on Serum Albumin Levels of Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis Therapy, A Randomized Control Trial Unknown status NCT01641757 Phase 2
29 A Phase 2a, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study of the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of 6-weeks Treatment With Varying Methods of ALV003 Administration in Patients With Well-Controlled Celiac Disease Completed NCT01255696 Phase 2
30 A Phase 2a, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study of the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of 6-weeks Treatment With ALV003 In Patients With Well-Controlled Celiac Disease Completed NCT00959114 Phase 2
31 Study on The Effectiveness of Oral Administration of Prolyl Endoprotease for Gluten Detoxification as a Means to Treat Coeliac Disease Completed NCT00810654 Phase 1, Phase 2
32 Combining Necator Americanus With Trace Gluten to Restore Tolerance in Coeliac Disease: a Pilot Clinical and a Detailed in Vitro Immunological Study. Completed NCT01661933 Phase 1, Phase 2
33 A Phase 2a, Randomized, Double Blinded, Placebo Controlled, Study Evaluating Immunity and Gluten-sensitivity by Inoculating Celiac Disease Patients With the Human Hookworm Necator Americanus. Completed NCT00671138 Phase 2
34 A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase II Study Testing CCX282-B in the Treatment of Celiac Disease Completed NCT00540657 Phase 2 CCX282-B;Placebo
35 A Phase 2a, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of AMG 714 in Adult Patients With Celiac Disease Completed NCT02637141 Phase 2
36 A Phase IIb, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study for the Treatment of Active Celiac Disease With Larazotide Acetate (AT-1001) Completed NCT00620451 Phase 2 larazotide acetate;placebo
37 A Phase IIb, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Dose Ranging, Multicenter Study to Determine the Safety, Tolerance, and Efficacy of Larazotide Acetate (AT-1001) in Celiac Disease Subjects During a Gluten Challenge Completed NCT00492960 Phase 2 larazotide acetate;placebo
38 A Randomized Controlled Trial of Dietary Supplementation With Bifidobacterium Infantis NLS Super Strain Among Celiac Disease Patients on a Gluten-free Diet With Persistent Gastrointestinal Symptoms Completed NCT03271138 Phase 2
39 A Phase 2a, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of AMG 714 in Adult Patients With Type II Refractory Celiac Disease, an In Situ Small Bowel T Cell Lymphoma Completed NCT02633020 Phase 2
40 Effect of a Cocktail of Two Common Enzyme Supplements on Celiac Disease Patients With Persistent Seropositivity Completed NCT00962182 Phase 1, Phase 2 STAN1;Placebo enzyme;STAN1+gluten
41 A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Different Doses of Larazotide Acetate for the Treatment of Celiac Disease Completed NCT01396213 Phase 2 Larazotide Acetate;placebo
42 Exploratory, Placebo-controlled Study on the Effects of Bifidobacterium Breve in Children With Celiac Disease Completed NCT02244047 Phase 1, Phase 2 Bifidobacterium breve;Placebo (for Bifidobacterium breve)
43 A Phase IIb, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled, Dose Ranging, Multicenter Study to Determine the Safety, Tolerance, and Efficacy of Larazotide Acetate (AT-1001) in Celiac Disease Subjects During a Gluten Challenge Completed NCT00889473 Phase 2 Larazotide acetate;Placebo
44 Phase II Study on Safety of 60 Days Administration of Triticum Monococcum in Patients With Celiac Disease on Remission in Gluten Free Diet Completed NCT02220166 Phase 2
45 A Two-Part, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety and Systemic Exposure of Single Escalating Administrations and Repeated Administration of BL-7010 in Well-Controlled Celiac Patients Completed NCT01990885 Phase 1, Phase 2 BL-7010;Placebo
46 A Phase 2a, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Dose Ranging, Multicenter Study to Determine the Safety, Tolerance, and Efficacy of Larazotide Acetate (AT-1001) in Celiac Disease Subjects During Gluten Challenge. Completed NCT00362856 Phase 2 larazotide acetate;Placebo
47 Randomised Placebo-controlled Trial of a Gut Immunomodulatory Agent (Mesalamine) to Tackle Environmental Enteropathy in Acutely Malnourished Children: A Pilot Study. Completed NCT01841099 Phase 1, Phase 2 Mesalamine;Placebo granules
48 A Phase II Trial of Pharmacogenetic-Based Dosing of Irinotecan, Oxaliplatin, and Capecitabine as First-Line Therapy for Advanced Small Bowel Adenocarcinoma Completed NCT00433550 Phase 2 capecitabine;irinotecan hydrochloride;oxaliplatin
49 Gastrointestinal Sensorimotor Dysfunctions in Diabetes Mellitus Completed NCT02170870 Phase 2 Exendin 9-39;Microlipid;Placebo
50 Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy for Small Fiber Neuropathy: a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study on Efficacy and Safety. Completed NCT02637700 Phase 2 Intravenous Immunoglobulin;Placebo

Search NIH Clinical Center for Celiac Disease 1

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 71 / NDF-RT 50 :

Medium chain triglycerides

Cell-based therapeutics:

LifeMap Discovery
Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
Read about Celiac Disease 1 cell therapies at LifeMap Discovery.
Stem-cell-based therapeutic approaches for Celiac Disease 1:
Regenerative ColoTherapy, stem cells for inflammatory bowel diseases
Embryonic/Adult Cultured Cells Related to Celiac Disease 1:
Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (family)
Peripheral blood-derived hematopoietic stem cells (family)

Cochrane evidence based reviews: celiac disease

Genetic Tests for Celiac Disease 1

Genetic tests related to Celiac Disease 1:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Celiac Disease 29
2 Celiac Disease, Susceptibility to 29

Anatomical Context for Celiac Disease 1

The Foundational Model of Anatomy Ontology organs/tissues related to Celiac Disease 1:

Small Intestine To Gliadin

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Celiac Disease 1:

Small Intestine, Testes, T Cells, Bone, Thyroid, Liver, Skin

Publications for Celiac Disease 1

Articles related to Celiac Disease 1:

(show top 50) (show all 11849)
# Title Authors PMID Year
A direct role for NKG2D/MICA interaction in villous atrophy during celiac disease. 24 56 61
15357948 2004
Myosin IXB variant increases the risk of celiac disease and points toward a primary intestinal barrier defect. 56 61 54
16282976 2005
Identification of tissue transglutaminase as the autoantigen of celiac disease. 54 61 56
9212111 1997
Evolutionary and functional analysis of celiac risk loci reveals SH2B3 as a protective factor against bacterial infection. 56 61
20560212 2010
Newly identified genetic risk variants for celiac disease related to the immune response. 56 61
18311140 2008
A genome-wide association study for celiac disease identifies risk variants in the region harboring IL2 and IL21. 61 56
17558408 2007
The prevalence of celiac disease in average-risk and at-risk Western European populations: a systematic review. 56 61
15825128 2005
Coordinated induction by IL15 of a TCR-independent NKG2D signaling pathway converts CTL into lymphokine-activated killer cells in celiac disease. 61 56
15357947 2004
Structural basis for HLA-DQ2-mediated presentation of gluten epitopes in celiac disease. 56 61
15020763 2004
The HLA-DQ2 gene dose effect in celiac disease is directly related to the magnitude and breadth of gluten-specific T cell responses. 56 61
14530392 2003
Prevalence of Celiac disease among children in Finland. 56 61
12815137 2003
Celiac disease--how to handle a clinical chameleon. 61 56
12815143 2003
Celiac disease--the villain unmasked? 61 56
12815145 2003
Celiac disease association with CD8+ T cell responses: identification of a novel gliadin-derived HLA-A2-restricted epitope. 61 56
12594302 2003
Structural basis for gluten intolerance in celiac sprue. 54 56
12351792 2002
Genome-wide linkage analysis for celiac disease in North American families. 56 61
12124726 2002
Genomewide linkage analysis of celiac disease in Finnish families. 56 61
11715113 2002
Genome-wide linkage analysis of Scandinavian affected sib-pairs supports presence of susceptibility loci for celiac disease on chromosomes 5 and 11. 56 61
11840196 2001
Use of closely related affected individuals for the genetic study of complex diseases in founder populations. 61 56
11102286 2001
Concordance of dermatitis herpetiformis and celiac disease in monozygous twins. 56 61
11121131 2000
Transglutaminase antibodies in children with a genetic risk for celiac disease. 56 61
10969260 2000
The intestinal T cell response to alpha-gliadin in adult celiac disease is focused on a single deamidated glutamine targeted by tissue transglutaminase. 56 61
10684852 2000
The prevalence of celiac disease in at-risk groups of children in the United States. 56 61
10636980 2000
Genetic susceptibility to gluten sensitive enteropathy in Irish setter dogs is not linked to the major histocompatibility complex. 56 61
9894853 1998
Tissue transglutaminase selectively modifies gliadin peptides that are recognized by gut-derived T cells in celiac disease. 56 61
9623982 1998
Celiac disease risk in the USA: high prevalence of antiendomysium antibodies in healthy blood donors. 56 61
9648988 1998
An autosomal screen for genes that predispose to celiac disease in the western counties of Ireland. 56 61
8896565 1996
HLA susceptibility genes in celiac disease: genetic mapping and role in pathogenesis. 56 61
8359659 1993
Incidence of celiac disease identified by the presence of serum endomysial antibodies in children with chronic diarrhea, short stature, or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. 56 61
8345423 1993
Extended major histocompatibility complex haplotypes in celiac patients in the west of Ireland. 61 56
8434627 1993
An extended HLA-D region haplotype associated with celiac disease. 61 56
2893373 1988
Oats as a Safe Alternative to Triticeae Cereals for People Suffering from Celiac Disease? A Review. 42 61
32133597 2020
Association Between Celiac Disease and Mortality Risk in a Swedish Population. 61 42
32259229 2020
Celiac Disease. 61 42
31905394 2020
Pathogenesis of Enteropathy-Associated T Cell Lymphoma. 24 61
29943210 2018
Fructan, Rather Than Gluten, Induces Symptoms in Patients With Self-Reported Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity. 24 61
29102613 2018
Prevalence of Celiac Disease in Patients with Autoimmune Thyroid Disease: A Meta-Analysis. 61 24
27256300 2016
Features and Progression of Potential Celiac Disease in Adults. 61 24
26538207 2016
Celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. 24 61
26438584 2015
The present and the future in the diagnosis and management of celiac disease. 61 24
25326000 2015
Introduction of gluten, HLA status, and the risk of celiac disease in children. 61 24
25271602 2014
Risk of pediatric celiac disease according to HLA haplotype and country. 61 24
24988556 2014
ACG clinical guidelines: diagnosis and management of celiac disease. 24 61
23609613 2013
Review article: coeliac disease, new approaches to therapy. 61 24
22324389 2012
Divergence of gut permeability and mucosal immune gene expression in two gluten-associated conditions: celiac disease and gluten sensitivity. 24 61
21392369 2011
Co-adjuvant effects of retinoic acid and IL-15 induce inflammatory immunity to dietary antigens. 56
21307853 2011
Risk factors in familial forms of celiac disease. 61 24
20397258 2010
Stratifying risk for celiac disease in a large at-risk United States population by using HLA alleles. 24 61
19500688 2009
HLA-DQ and risk gradient for celiac disease. 24 61
19027045 2009
Six new coeliac disease loci replicated in an Italian population confirm association with coeliac disease. 56
18805825 2009

Variations for Celiac Disease 1

Expression for Celiac Disease 1

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Celiac Disease 1.

Pathways for Celiac Disease 1

GO Terms for Celiac Disease 1

Cellular components related to Celiac Disease 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 MHC class II protein complex GO:0042613 8.62 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1

Biological processes related to Celiac Disease 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 T cell receptor signaling pathway GO:0050852 8.92 PTPN22 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1 CTLA4

Molecular functions related to Celiac Disease 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 MHC class II receptor activity GO:0032395 8.62 HLA-DQB1 HLA-DQA1

Sources for Celiac Disease 1

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
37 LifeMap
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
54 Novoseek
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
70 Tocris
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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