Central Pain Syndrome

Categories: Cancer diseases, Mental diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Central Pain Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Central Pain Syndrome:

Name: Central Pain Syndrome 20 53 71
Thalamic Hyperesthetic Anesthesia 20
Posterior Thalamic Syndrome 20
Central Post-Stroke Pain 20
Dejerine Roussy Syndrome 20
Retrolenticular Syndrome 20
Dejerine-Roussy Syndrome 71
Thalamic Pain Syndrome 20
Thalamic Syndrome 20


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UMLS 71 C0221057 C1536114

Summaries for Central Pain Syndrome

NINDS : 53 Central pain syndrome is a neurological condition caused by damage to or dysfunction of the central nervous system (CNS), which includes the brain, brainstem, and spinal cord. This syndrome can be caused by stroke, multiple sclerosis, tumors, epilepsy, brain or spinal cord trauma, or Parkinson's disease. The character of the pain associated with this syndrome differs widely among individuals partly because of the variety of potential causes. Central pain syndrome may affect a large portion of the body or may be more restricted to specific areas, such as hands or feet. The extent of pain is usually related to the cause of the CNS injury or damage. Pain is typically constant, may be moderate to severe in intensity, and is often made worse by touch, movement, emotions, and temperature changes, usually cold temperatures. Individuals experience one or more types of pain sensations, the most prominent being burning. Mingled with the burning may be sensations of "pins and needles;" pressing, lacerating, or aching pain; and brief, intolerable bursts of sharp pain similar to the pain caused by a dental probe on an exposed nerve. Individuals may have numbness in the areas affected by the pain. The burning and loss of touch sensations are usually most severe on the distant parts of the body, such as the feet or hands. Central pain syndrome often begins shortly after the causative injury or damage, but may be delayed by months or even years, especially if it is related to post-stroke pain.

MalaCards based summary : Central Pain Syndrome, also known as thalamic hyperesthetic anesthesia, is related to sturge-weber syndrome and stroke, ischemic, and has symptoms including chronic pain, acute onset pain and pain, not elsewhere classified. An important gene associated with Central Pain Syndrome is CACNA1G (Calcium Voltage-Gated Channel Subunit Alpha1 G). The drugs Pregabalin and Psychotropic Drugs have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include spinal cord, cortex and thalamus.

GARD : 20 Central pain syndrome (CPS) is a rare neurological disorder caused by damage to or dysfunction of the pain-conducting pathways of the central nervous system (in the brain, brainstem, and spinal cord). Symptoms of CPS can vary greatly from one person to another, partly because the cause may differ. Primary symptoms are pain and loss of sensation, usually in the face, arms, and/or legs. Pain or discomfort may be felt after being touched, or even in the absence of a trigger. The pain may worsen by exposure to heat or cold and by emotional distress. CPS is usually associated with stroke, multiple sclerosis, tumors, epilepsy, brain or spinal cord trauma, or Parkinson's disease. Treatment typically includes pain medications, but complete relief of pain may not be possible. Tricyclic antidepressants or anticonvulsants can sometimes be useful. Lowering stress levels appears to reduce pain. Many different names have been used for this disorder, including Dejerine-Roussy syndrome, thalamic pain syndrome, central post-stroke syndrome and others. The current name acknowledges that damage to various areas of the central nervous system can cause central pain, and that a stroke is not necessarily the cause. When CPS is due to a stroke, it may be referred to as the more specific term "central post-stroke pain."

Wikipedia : 74 Central pain syndrome is a neurological condition consisting of constant, moderate to severe pain due to... more...

Related Diseases for Central Pain Syndrome

Diseases in the Chronic Pain family:

Paine Syndrome Central Pain Syndrome

Diseases related to Central Pain Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 56)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 sturge-weber syndrome 11.0
2 stroke, ischemic 10.8
3 allergic disease 10.3
4 carotid artery occlusion 10.3
5 ischemia 10.2
6 spasticity 10.2
7 mood disorder 10.2
8 neuropathy 10.2
9 chronic pain 10.2
10 diabetes insipidus 10.1
11 anosognosia 10.1
12 conversion disorder 10.1
13 plexopathy 10.1
14 erythermalgia, primary 10.0
15 lipomatosis, multiple 10.0
16 ataxia and polyneuropathy, adult-onset 10.0
17 pleomorphic lipoma 10.0
18 hemiplegia 10.0
19 retinal ischemia 10.0
20 middle cerebral artery infarction 10.0
21 radiculopathy 10.0
22 dystonia 10.0
23 peripheral nervous system disease 10.0
24 48,xyyy 10.0
25 depression 10.0
26 paresthesia 10.0
27 spinal cord injury 10.0
28 aphasia 9.9
29 encephalomalacia 9.9
30 vasculitis 9.9
31 hypopituitarism 9.9
32 facial neuralgia 9.9
33 cranial neuralgia 9.9
34 pain agnosia 9.8
35 oligodendroglioma 9.8
36 creutzfeldt-jakob disease 9.7
37 ocular motor apraxia 9.7
38 rheumatic heart disease 9.7
39 cerebral artery occlusion 9.7
40 amnestic disorder 9.7
41 arteriovenous malformation 9.7
42 heart disease 9.7
43 vertebrobasilar insufficiency 9.7
44 epilepsy 9.7
45 mutism 9.7
46 akinetic mutism 9.7
47 intracranial embolism 9.7
48 retrograde amnesia 9.7
49 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 9.7
50 measles 9.7

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Central Pain Syndrome:

Diseases related to Central Pain Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Central Pain Syndrome

UMLS symptoms related to Central Pain Syndrome:

chronic pain, acute onset pain, pain, not elsewhere classified

Drugs & Therapeutics for Central Pain Syndrome

Drugs for Central Pain Syndrome (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 15)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Pregabalin Approved, Investigational Phase 4 148553-50-8 5486971
2 Psychotropic Drugs Phase 4
3 Hormones Phase 4
4 Anti-Anxiety Agents Phase 4
5 Calcium, Dietary Phase 4
6 Anticonvulsants Phase 4
7 calcium channel blockers Phase 4
Calcium Nutraceutical Phase 4 7440-70-2 271
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved 137-58-6 3676
10 Anesthetics
11 Sodium Channel Blockers
12 Anesthetics, Local
13 Diuretics, Potassium Sparing
14 Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
15 Analgesics

Interventional clinical trials:

# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 A 13-Week, Randomized, Multi-Center, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Study To Evaluate The Efficacy, Safety And Tolerability Of Pregabalin (150-600 Mg/Day) Using A Flexible Dosing Schedule In The Treatment Of Subjects With Central Post-Stroke Pain (CPSP) Completed NCT00313820 Phase 4 Pregabalin;Placebo
2 How "Central" is Central Post-stroke Pain? Investigating the Role of Peripheral Sensory Input in Maintaining Central Pain Completed NCT02148588 Ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block with 2% lidocaine
3 Efficacy of Navigated Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Treatment of Central Post Stroke Pain Completed NCT02277912
4 Central Post-Stroke Pain - a Prospective Study of Consecutively Admitted Patients With Recent Stroke Completed NCT00957645
5 Deep Brain Stimulation for Thalamic Pain Syndrome Completed NCT01072656
6 Comparison of the Analgesic Effects of Two Methods of Repetitive Magnetic Transcranial Stimulation: A Randomized Double Blind Sham Controlled Study in Patients With Central Neuropathic Pain Recruiting NCT03370107
7 Characterization of Central Pain Syndrome in Survivors of Head and Neck Cancer Recruiting NCT04128267

Search NIH Clinical Center for Central Pain Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Central Pain Syndrome

Anatomical Context for Central Pain Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Central Pain Syndrome:

Spinal Cord, Cortex, Thalamus, Eye, Parietal Lobe

Publications for Central Pain Syndrome

Articles related to Central Pain Syndrome:

(show top 50) (show all 168)
# Title Authors PMID Year
Central post-stroke pain: clinical characteristics, pathophysiology, and management. 20
19679277 2009
Artery of Percheron infarction with persistent amnesia: a case report of bilateral paramedian thalamic syndrome. 61
33032538 2020
Intravenous Ketamine Administered as Patient Controlled Analgesia and Continuous Infusion for Central Pain Syndrome. 61
32960657 2020
Psychological morbidity and chronic disease among adults with nontraumatic spinal cord injuries: a cohort study of privately insured beneficiaries. 61
31153961 2019
Dejerine-Roussy syndrome: Historical cases. 61
31570637 2019
Para median thalamic syndrome due to occlusion of the artery of Percheron: A rare case of stroke 61
31055905 2019
Traumatic brain injury, dry eye and comorbid pain diagnoses in US veterans. 61
28844048 2018
Fragile X syndrome: An overview and update of the FMR1 gene. 61
28617938 2018
Evidence that dry eye is a comorbid pain condition in a U.S. veteran population. 61
29392243 2017
Transplantation of spinal cord-derived neural stem cells for ALS: Analysis of phase 1 and 2 trials. 61
27358335 2016
Nociceptive transmission and modulation via P2X receptors in central pain syndrome. 61
27230068 2016
[Spinal cord stimulation for thalamic pain: Case report and review of the current literature]. 61
26491023 2016
Reduction of central neuropathic pain with ketamine infusion in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: a case report. 61
27695362 2016
Bilateral Paramedian Thalamic Syndrome After Infection. 61
26260994 2015
Motor cortex stimulation in patients with chronic central pain. 61
25931362 2015
Red ear syndrome: literature review and a pediatric case report. 61
25583087 2015
A [14C]iodoantipyrine study of inter-regional correlations of neural substrates following central post-stroke pain in rats. 61
25889278 2015
Bilateral paramedian thalamic syndrome after infection. 61
25693586 2015
Excitatory and inhibitory brain metabolites as targets of motor cortex transcranial direct current stimulation therapy and predictors of its efficacy in fibromyalgia. 61
25371383 2015
The Efficacy of Gabapentin in Patients with Central Post-stroke Pain. 61
26185510 2015
Aromatase inhibition exacerbates pain and reactive gliosis in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord of female rats caused by spinothalamic tract injury. 61
25105782 2014
Pain in fibromyalgia and related conditions. 61
24938199 2014
A comprehensive, multispecialty approach to an acute exacerbation of chronic central pain in a tetraplegic. 61
24513720 2014
Cognitive and behavioral deficits following bilateral thalamic stroke: a longitudinal study. 61
23980818 2014
Development and pharmacological verification of a new mouse model of central post-stroke pain. 61
24055601 2014
Neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury: what we know about mechanisms, assessment and management. 61
24338470 2013
Estradiol attenuates spinal cord injury-induced pain by suppressing microglial activation in thalamic VPL nuclei of rats. 61
23419864 2013
Role of microglia and astrocyte in central pain syndrome following electrolytic lesion at the spinothalamic tract in rats. 61
22722907 2013
'Distorteidolias' - fantastic perceptive distortion. A new, pure dorsomedial thalamic syndrome. 61
23652461 2013
Thalamic syndrome as the heralding manifestation of atlantoaxial dislocation. 61
23314448 2013
Transdermal buprenorphine controls central neuropathic pain. 61
23264319 2012
[Neuroepithelial thalamo-mesencephalic cyst]. 61
22030167 2012
Acute cavernous sinus syndrome from metastasis of lung cancer to sphenoid bone. 61
22379475 2012
Improved dexterity after chronic electrical stimulation of the motor cortex for central pain: a special relevance for thalamic syndrome. 61
22922460 2012
[Analgesic effects of cannabinoids on central pain syndrome]. 61
22359935 2011
Motor cortex stimulation reduces hyperalgesia in an animal model of central pain. 61
21396776 2011
Acupuncture as adjuvant therapy in thalamic syndrome: case report. 61
21334511 2011
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: a long-term prospective study and meta-analysis. 61
21445814 2010
Surgical and hardware complications of deep brain stimulation. A seven-year experience and review of the literature. 61
20658301 2010
Operculo-insular pain (parasylvian pain): a distinct central pain syndrome. 61
20724291 2010
Abnormal activity of primary somatosensory cortex in central pain syndrome. 61
20660417 2010
Abnormal anterior pretectal nucleus activity contributes to central pain syndrome. 61
20357063 2010
[Efficacy of traditional herbal medicine, Yokukansan on patients with neuropathic pain]. 61
19860227 2009
Characteristics of patients with chronic pain accessing treatment with medical cannabis in Washington State. 61
19947069 2009
[Déjerine-Roussy syndrome of an ischaemic origin in an adolescent with patent foramen ovale]. 61
19557696 2009
Zona incerta: a role in central pain. 61
19403748 2009
Development and characterization of a hemorrhagic rat model of central post-stroke pain. 61
19324079 2009
Maladaptive homeostatic plasticity in a rodent model of central pain syndrome: thalamic hyperexcitability after spinothalamic tract lesions. 61
19005061 2008
Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease with a codon 200 mutation presenting as thalamic syndrome: diagnosis by single photon emission computed tomography using (99m)Tc-ethyl cysteinate dimer. 61
18176009 2008
Central pain syndrome: elucidation of genesis and treatment. 61
17997698 2007

Variations for Central Pain Syndrome

Expression for Central Pain Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Central Pain Syndrome.

Pathways for Central Pain Syndrome

GO Terms for Central Pain Syndrome

Sources for Central Pain Syndrome

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
37 LifeMap
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 05-Mar-2021)
61 PubMed
70 Tocris
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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