MCID: CRB037
MIFTS: 71

Cerebral Palsy

Categories: Eye diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Cerebral Palsy

MalaCards integrated aliases for Cerebral Palsy:

Name: Cerebral Palsy 39 12 77 54 55 30 56 6 44 15 17 74 3
Infantile Cerebral Palsy 12 74
Cerebral Palsy, Mixed 74
Mixed Cerebral Palsy 54
Palsy, Cerebral 41
Palsy Cerebral 77

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:1969
MeSH 45 D002547
NCIt 51 C34460
SNOMED-CT 69 1178005
ICD10 34 G80 G80.9

Summaries for Cerebral Palsy

NINDS : 55 The term cerebral palsy refers to a group of neurological disorders that appear in infancy or early childhood and permanently affect body movement, muscle coordination, and balance. CP affects the part of the brain that controls muscle movements.  The majority of children with cerebral palsy are born with it, although it may not be detected until months or years later. The early signs of cerebral palsy usually appear before a child reaches 3 years of age. The most common are a lack of muscle coordination when performing voluntary movements (ataxia); stiff or tight muscles and exaggerated reflexes (spasticity); walking with one foot or leg dragging; walking on the toes, a crouched gait, or a “scissored” gait; and muscle tone that is either too stiff or too floppy. Other neurological symptoms that commonly occur in individuals with CP include seizures, hearing loss and impaired vision, bladder and bowel control issues, and pain and abnormal sensations. A small number of children have CP as the result of brain damage in the first few months or years of life, brain infections such as bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis, or head injury from a motor vehicle accident, a fall, or child abuse. The disorder isn't progressive, meaning that the brain damage typically doesn't get worse over time. Risk factors associated with CP do not cause the disorder but can increase a child's chance of being born with the disorder.CP is not hereditary.

MalaCards based summary : Cerebral Palsy, also known as infantile cerebral palsy, is related to spastic cerebral palsy and inherited congenital spastic tetraplegia, and has symptoms including seizures, tremor and dystonia. An important gene associated with Cerebral Palsy is ADD3 (Adducin 3), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Vesicle-mediated transport and Clathrin derived vesicle budding. The drugs Dexmedetomidine and Sevoflurane have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include Blood and Umbilical Cord, and related phenotypes are behavior/neurological and homeostasis/metabolism

Disease Ontology : 12 A brain disease that is caused by damage to the motor control centers of the developing brain during pregnancy, during childbirth or after birth, which affects muscle movement and balance.

NIH Rare Diseases : 54 Cerebral palsy refers to a group of neurological disorders that can affect the brain and/or spinal cord. Signs and symptoms generally appear during infancy or early childhood and vary based on the type of cerebral palsy (spastic cerebral palsy, dyskinetic cerebral palsy, ataxic cerebral palsy, and mixed cerebral palsy), the severity of the condition and which area(s) of the brain are affected. Common features include a lack of muscle coordination when performing voluntary movements (ataxia); stiff or tight muscles and exaggerated reflexes (spasticity); walking with one foot or leg dragging; walking on the toes, a crouched gait, or a "scissored" gait; and muscle tone that is either too stiff or too floppy. Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal brain development or damage to the developing brain. Most of these problems occur as the baby grows in the womb; however, they can happen at any time during the first 2 years of life. There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but treatment is available to alleviate some symptoms. This may include physical, occupational, and speech therapy; certain medications; surgery; and/or devices (i.e. braces, wheelchairs) to aid in mobility.

MedlinePlus : 44 Cerebral palsy is a group of disorders that affect a person's ability to move and to maintain balance and posture. The disorders appear in the first few years of life. Usually they do not get worse over time. People with cerebral palsy may have difficulty walking. They may also have trouble with tasks such as writing or using scissors. Some have other medical conditions, including seizure disorders or mental impairment. Cerebral palsy happens when the areas of the brain that control movement and posture do not develop correctly or get damaged. Early signs of cerebral palsy usually appear before 3 years of age. Babies with cerebral palsy are often slow to roll over, sit, crawl, smile, or walk. Some babies are born with cerebral palsy; others get it after they are born. There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but treatment can improve the lives of those who have it. Treatment includes medicines, braces, and physical, occupational and speech therapy. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Wikipedia : 77 Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood. Signs and... more...

Related Diseases for Cerebral Palsy

Diseases related to Cerebral Palsy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 486)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 spastic cerebral palsy 34.4 F5 GAD1 PLP1
2 inherited congenital spastic tetraplegia 33.3 ADD3 GAD1 KANK1
3 hypertonia 32.6 AP4B1 AP4M1 AP4S1
4 spastic paraplegia 50, autosomal recessive 32.5 AP4B1 AP4M1 AP4S1
5 hereditary spastic paraplegia 51 32.1 AP4B1 AP4S1
6 hereditary spastic paraplegia 32.0 AP4B1 AP4M1 ATL1 PLP1
7 spastic paraplegia 2, x-linked 32.0 AP4B1 ATL1 PLP1
8 disease of mental health 30.7 APOE GAD1 IL6
9 leukomalacia 30.6 IL6 TNF
10 chorioamnionitis 30.3 IL1B IL6 MMP8 TNF
11 thrombophilia 30.2 F2 F5 MTHFR
12 placental abruption 30.1 F2 F5 MTHFR
13 eclampsia 30.0 F2 MTHFR TNF
14 arthritis 30.0 IL1B IL6 LTA TNF
15 pre-eclampsia 29.9 F2 F5 IL6 MTHFR
16 cytomegalovirus infection 29.9 IL1B IL6 TNF
17 gingivitis 29.8 IL1B IL6 MMP8 TNF
18 juvenile rheumatoid arthritis 29.8 IL1B IL6 LTA TNF
19 bacterial vaginosis 29.8 IL1B IL6 TNF
20 pyelonephritis 29.8 IL1B IL6 TNF
21 porencephaly 29.7 COL4A1 F2 F5 MTHFR
22 periodontitis, chronic 29.7 IL1B IL6 MMP8
23 schizencephaly 29.7 COL4A1 F5 MTHFR
24 periodontal disease 29.7 IL1B IL6 MMP8 TNF
25 placenta disease 29.7 F5 IL1B IL6 MTHFR
26 sleep apnea 29.7 APOE IL1B IL6 TNF
27 preterm premature rupture of the membranes 29.6 IL1B IL6 MMP8
28 stroke, ischemic 29.6 APOE F2 F5 MTHFR
29 multiple sclerosis 29.5 APOE IL1B IL6 LTA PLP1 TNF
30 periodontitis 29.5 IL1B IL6 MMP8 TNF
31 cerebral palsy, ataxic, autosomal recessive 12.8
32 dyskinetic cerebral palsy 12.7
33 spastic diplegia cerebral palsy 12.7
34 cerebral palsy, spastic quadriplegic, 1 12.6
35 mixed cerebral palsy 12.5
36 cerebral palsy, spastic quadriplegic, 2 12.5
37 cerebral palsy, spastic quadriplegic, 3 12.5
38 spastic quadriplegia 12.4
39 spastic hemiplegia 12.4
40 cerebral palsy athetoid 12.4
41 spastic diplegia 12.4
42 spastic monoplegia 12.2
43 intellectual disability - athetosis - microphthalmia 12.0
44 periventricular leukomalacia 11.6
45 spasticity 11.6
46 fetal methylmercury syndrome 11.5
47 swallowing disorders 11.5
48 spastic paraplegia 47, autosomal recessive 11.4
49 spastic paraplegia 52, autosomal recessive 11.4
50 dysphagia 11.4

Comorbidity relations with Cerebral Palsy via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):


Acute Cystitis

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Cerebral Palsy:



Diseases related to Cerebral Palsy

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Cerebral Palsy

UMLS symptoms related to Cerebral Palsy:


seizures, tremor, dystonia, back pain, pain, abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function, involuntary movements, headache, torticollis, muscle fibrillation, syncope, athetosis, myokymia, chronic pain, sciatica, vertigo/dizziness, sleeplessness, muscle rigidity, asterixis

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Cerebral Palsy:

47
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 behavior/neurological MP:0005386 10.23 AP4B1 AP4E1 APOE ATL1 COL4A1 F2
2 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 10.21 AP4E1 AP4M1 APOE COL4A1 F2 F5
3 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 10.18 AP4E1 APOE COL4A1 F2 F5 GAD1
4 cardiovascular system MP:0005385 10.13 ADD3 AP4E1 APOE COL4A1 F2 F5
5 nervous system MP:0003631 10.07 AP4B1 AP4E1 APOE COL4A1 F2 F5
6 limbs/digits/tail MP:0005371 9.87 AP4E1 APOE ATL1 GAD1 LTA MTHFR
7 respiratory system MP:0005388 9.7 APOE COL4A1 F2 GAD1 IL6 LTA
8 skeleton MP:0005390 9.65 AP4E1 APOE F2 GAD1 IL1B IL6
9 vision/eye MP:0005391 9.23 AP4E1 APOE COL4A1 IL6 LTA MTHFR

Drugs & Therapeutics for Cerebral Palsy

Drugs for Cerebral Palsy (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 228)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Dexmedetomidine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 113775-47-6 68602 5311068
2
Sevoflurane Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Not Applicable 28523-86-6 5206
3
Dopamine Approved Phase 4 62-31-7, 51-61-6 681
4
Levodopa Approved Phase 4 59-92-7 6047
5
Acetylcholine Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable 51-84-3 187
6
Magnesium Sulfate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable 7487-88-9 24083
7
Ropivacaine Approved Phase 4 84057-95-4 71273 175805
8
Baclofen Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 1134-47-0 2284
9
Propofol Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4,Not Applicable 2078-54-8 4943
10
Bupivacaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Not Applicable 2180-92-9, 38396-39-3 2474
11
Acetaminophen Approved Phase 4 103-90-2 1983
12
Desipramine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 50-47-5 2995
13
Heparin Approved, Investigational Phase 4 9005-49-6 772 46507594
14
Calcium Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable 7440-70-2 271
15
Inulin Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical Phase 4 9005-80-5 24763
16 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
17 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable
18 Adrenergic Agonists Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 1
19 Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists Phase 4,Phase 1
20 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable
21 Anesthetics Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
22 Anesthetics, Inhalation Phase 4,Not Applicable
23 Adrenergic alpha-Agonists Phase 4,Phase 1
24 Adrenergic Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1
25 Analgesics Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
26 Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors Phase 4,Not Applicable
27 Anesthetics, General Phase 4,Not Applicable
28 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable
29 Hypnotics and Sedatives Phase 4,Not Applicable
30 Protective Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
31 Cardiotonic Agents Phase 4,Phase 2
32 Sympathomimetics Phase 4,Phase 2
33 Autonomic Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1
34 Dihydroxyphenylalanine Phase 4
35 Carbidopa, levodopa drug combination Phase 4
36 Dopamine Agents Phase 4
37 Botulinum Toxins Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable
38 abobotulinumtoxinA Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable
39 Neuromuscular Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable
40 Acetylcholine Release Inhibitors Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable
41 Cholinergic Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable
42 Botulinum Toxins, Type A Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable
43 Tocolytic Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
44 calcium channel blockers Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
45 Anti-Arrhythmia Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
46 Hormones Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
47 Calcium, Dietary Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
48 Anticonvulsants Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
49 Hematinics Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
50 incobotulinumtoxinA Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 787)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Consequence of Dexmedetomidine on Emergence Deliruim After Sevoflurane Anesthesia in Children With Cerebral Palsy Unknown status NCT02244515 Phase 4 dexmedetomidine
2 Effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Gait in Children With Cerebral Palsy Unknown status NCT02462018 Phase 4
3 Dopamine Treatment in Children With Cerebral Palsy With Dystonia- A Double Blind Controlled Study Unknown status NCT01361373 Phase 4 L- DOPA;placebo
4 Antispastic Effect of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Patients With Cerebral and Spinal Spasticity Unknown status NCT01786005 Phase 4
5 Clinical Study of Xingnaojing for the Treatment of Convulsive Diseases Unknown status NCT00796380 Phase 4 Xingnaojing
6 Alterations of Functional Activities and Leg Stiffness After Hamstring Lengthening in Cerebral Palsy Children Completed NCT00154830 Phase 4
7 Spread And Effectiveness Of Botulinum Neurotoxin A In Spastic Equinus In Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01276015 Phase 4 Botulinum Toxin Type A
8 Efficacy and Safety of Meditoxin® Injection for Cervical Dystonia in Adults With Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01860196 Phase 4 Meditoxin;Normal saline
9 Postoperative Pain in Children With Cerebral Palsy After Pelvic and Femoral Osteotomies Completed NCT00964639 Phase 4 Ropivacaine;Saline
10 Effects of Botulinum Toxin Type A in Adults With Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT00432055 Phase 4 Botulinum toxin type A (Botox);placebo (saline)
11 Synbiotic, Prebiotics and Probiotics in Children With Cerebral Palsy and Constipation Completed NCT03117322 Phase 4
12 Recurrent Crying Spells in Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01955655 Phase 4 Baclofen
13 The Efficacy and Safety of MEDITOXIN® in Children With Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01256021 Phase 4 Botulinum Toxin Type A
14 Neuroprotection by Magnesium Sulfate Given to Women at Risk of Very Preterm Birth Completed NCT00120588 Phase 4 magnesium
15 Effects of Transfusion Thresholds on Neurocognitive Outcome of Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants Completed NCT01393496 Phase 4
16 Effect of Erythropoietin on Preterm Brain Injury Completed NCT02036073 Phase 4 recombinant human erythropoietin
17 Does Botulinum Toxin A Make Walking Easier in Children With Cerebral Palsy? Recruiting NCT02546999 Phase 4 botox;placebo
18 Paracetamol Study in Patients With Low Muscle Mass Recruiting NCT03648658 Phase 4 Paracetamol 120Mg/5mL Oral Suspension
19 Intrathecal (IT) Baclofen Drug Distribution Recruiting NCT02903823 Phase 4 Baclofen bolus injection
20 A Pilot Study of Dexmedetomidine-Propofol in Children Undergoing Magnetic Resonance Imaging Active, not recruiting NCT02633241 Phase 4 Dexmedetomidine-Propofol
21 A Multi-site Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Regional and General Anesthesia for Effects on Neurodevelopmental Outcome and Apnea in Infants Active, not recruiting NCT00756600 Phase 4 Regional Anesthesia;General Anesthesia
22 Desipramine in Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy (INAD). Enrolling by invitation NCT03726996 Phase 4 Desipramine
23 Changes of Gas Values in Cord Blood Versus Time and Temperature Not yet recruiting NCT02785367 Phase 4
24 Improvement After Botulinum Toxin Injections to the Arms in Children With Cerebral Palsy Terminated NCT00549471 Phase 4
25 Does Oral Baclofen Improve Care and Comfort in Spastic Children in Nursing Homes? Terminated NCT00752934 Phase 4 oral baclofen + placebo;placebo + oral baclofen
26 Placebo Controlled Study of Baclofen for GERD in Children With Cerebral Palsy Withdrawn NCT01386255 Phase 4 Baclofen;placebo
27 Safety and Efficacy of Bone Marrow MNC for the Treatment of Cerebral Palsy in Subjects Below 15 Years Unknown status NCT01832454 Phase 2, Phase 3
28 Application of Botulinum Toxin Type A in Salivary Glands in the Treatment of Drooling in Patients With Cerebral Palsy Unknown status NCT01489904 Phase 2, Phase 3
29 Targeted Hip Strength Training in Children With Cerebral Palsy (CP) Unknown status NCT01633736 Phase 3
30 Modulation of Brain Plasticity After Perinatal Stroke Unknown status NCT01189058 Phase 2, Phase 3
31 Project:Intensive Habilitation (PIH) Unknown status NCT00202761 Phase 2, Phase 3
32 Magnesium Sulfate to Prevent Brain Injury in Premature Infants Unknown status NCT00065949 Phase 3 magnesium sulfate
33 Efficacy Study of Hypothermia Plus Magnesium Sulphate(MgSO4) in the Management of Term and Near Term Babies With Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy Unknown status NCT01646619 Phase 3 Magnesium Sulphate;Placebo
34 Phase III Clinical Trial of "Botulax®" to Treat Children With Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01787344 Phase 3 Botulinum Toxin Type A(Botox®);Botulinum toxin type A(Botulax®)
35 Orthotics in Ambulatory Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01527162 Phase 3
36 The Post-Operative Pain in Cerebral Palsy (POPPIES) Trial Completed NCT01437644 Phase 3 botulinum toxin intramuscular injection
37 Efficacy and Functional Outcomes of Botulinum Toxin A Injections to Hamstrings in Flexed Knee Gait in Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT00261131 Phase 3 Botulinum Toxin A
38 Efficacy of Stem Cell Transplantation Compared to Rehabilitation Treatment of Patients With Cerebral Paralysis Completed NCT01929434 Phase 3
39 Dose-response Study of Efficacy and Safety of Botulinum Toxin Type A to Treat Spasticity of the Leg(s) in Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01893411 Phase 3 IncobotulinumtoxinA (16 Units per kg body weight);IncobotulinumtoxinA (12 Units per kg body weight);IncobotulinumtoxinA (4 Units per kg body weight)
40 Long-term Open-label Study of Botulinumtoxin Type A to Treat Spasticity of Leg(s) or Leg(s) and Arm in Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01905683 Phase 3 IncobotulinumtoxinA (16-20 Units per kg body weight)
41 Dose-response Study of Efficacy and Safety of Botulinum Toxin Type A to Treat Spasticity of the Arm(s) or of Arm(s) and Leg(s) in Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT02002884 Phase 3 IncobotulinumtoxinA (8 Units per kg body weight);IncobotulinumtoxinA (6 Units per kg body weight);IncobotulinumtoxinA (2 Units per kg body weight)
42 Dutch National ITB Study in Children With Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT00367068 Phase 3 baclofen, intrathecal
43 Static and Dynamic Postural Stability in Cerebral Palsy Children Completed NCT01799304 Phase 3
44 A Safety, Efficacy and Tolerability Study of Sativex for the Treatment of Spasticity in Children Aged 8 to 18 Years Completed NCT01898520 Phase 3 Sativex;Placebo
45 Efficacy of Intermittent Serial Casting on Spastic Wrist Flexion Deformity Completed NCT03306212 Phase 3 Botulinum toxin A
46 Safety and Efficacy Study of Oral Glycopyrrolate Liquid for the Treatment of Pathologic (Chronic Moderate to Severe) Drooling in Pediatric Patients 3 to 18 Years of Age With Cerebral Palsy or Other Neurologic Conditions Completed NCT00491894 Phase 3 Oral Glycopyrrolate Liquid
47 Botulinum Toxin Efficiency on Spasticity of Rectus Femoris and Semitendinosus Muscles as Functional Agonist and Antagonist Muscles Completed NCT00133861 Phase 2, Phase 3 Botulinum toxin
48 Dysport® Pediatric Lower Limb Spasticity Follow-on Study Completed NCT01251380 Phase 3 Botulinum type A toxin (Dysport®)
49 Dysport® Pediatric Lower Limb Spasticity Study Completed NCT01249417 Phase 3 Botulinum type A toxin (Dysport®);Placebo
50 Beneficial Effects of Antenatal Magnesium Sulfate (BEAM Trial) Completed NCT00014989 Phase 3 magnesium sulfate

Search NIH Clinical Center for Cerebral Palsy

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 74 / NDF-RT 52 :


Cell-based therapeutics:


LifeMap Discovery
Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
Read about Cerebral Palsy cell therapies at LifeMap Discovery.

Genetic Tests for Cerebral Palsy

Genetic tests related to Cerebral Palsy:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Cerebral Palsy 30

Anatomical Context for Cerebral Palsy

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Cerebral Palsy:

42
Brain, Bone, Testes, Spinal Cord, Eye, Bone Marrow, Cortex
LifeMap Discovery
Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database

Cells/anatomical compartments in embryo or adult related to Cerebral Palsy:
# Tissue Anatomical CompartmentCell Relevance
1 Blood Cord Blood Mesenchymal Stem Cells Potential therapeutic candidate
2 Umbilical Cord Wharton's Jelly Mesenchymal Stem Cells Potential therapeutic candidate

Publications for Cerebral Palsy

Articles related to Cerebral Palsy:

(show top 50) (show all 4637)
# Title Authors Year
1
Pain coping strategies in children with cerebral palsy. ( 30854638 )
2019
2
Long-term prognosis of epilepsy in patients with cerebral palsy. ( 30854645 )
2019
3
Usefulness of Cerebral Palsy Curves in Mexican Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study. ( 30854918 )
2019
4
Examining various factors affecting communication skills in children with cerebral palsy. ( 30856125 )
2019
5
The efficacy of botulinum toxin a lower limb injections in addition to physiotherapy approaches in children with cerebral palsy: A systematic review. ( 30856126 )
2019
6
Multiple relationships between Tardieu, Kinematic data, and Wolf Motor Function Test with children with cerebral palsy. ( 30856130 )
2019
7
Computational modeling of neuromuscular response to swing-phase robotic knee extension assistance in cerebral palsy. ( 30862380 )
2019
8
The effect of the Hambisela programme on stress levels and quality of life of primary caregivers of children with cerebral palsy: A pilot study. ( 30863797 )
2019
9
Effects of Adaptive Bungee Trampolining for Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Single-Subject Study. ( 30865143 )
2019
10
Early Intervention and Postural Adjustments During Reaching in Infants at Risk of Cerebral Palsy. ( 30865144 )
2019
11
Functional Task Training Combined With Electrical Stimulation Improves Motor Capacity in Children With Unilateral Cerebral Palsy: A Single-Subject Design. ( 30865146 )
2019
12
Validity of the Early Activity Scale for Endurance and the 6-Minute Walk Test for Children With Cerebral Palsy. ( 30865148 )
2019
13
Spinal dorsal rhizotomy plus concurrent left and right gastrocnemii releases in a 7-year-old child with haemophilia A and spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30866113 )
2019
14
Altered brain tissue viscoelasticity in pediatric cerebral palsy measured by magnetic resonance elastography. ( 30870734 )
2019
15
The effects of dual tasks on gait in children with cerebral palsy. ( 30875601 )
2019
16
Suboptimal Nutrition and Low Physical Activity Are Observed Together with Reduced Plasma Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Concentration in Children with Severe Cerebral Palsy (CP). ( 30875771 )
2019
17
Development of disorder-specific normative data for growth in children with cerebral palsy. ( 30877384 )
2019
18
Muscle fibre morphology and microarchitecture in cerebral palsy patients obtained by 3D synchrotron X-ray computed tomography. ( 30878888 )
2019
19
Training Two-Wheel Bike Skills in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Practice Survey of Therapists in Australia. ( 30880531 )
2019
20
The Impact of Early Neuroimaging and Developmental Assessment in a Preterm Infant Diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy. ( 30881719 )
2019
21
Measuring ambulation with wrist-based and hip-based activity trackers for children with cerebral palsy. ( 30883727 )
2019
22
Treatment and re/habilitation of children with cerebral palsy in India: a scoping review. ( 30883735 )
2019
23
Understanding Frames: A qualitative exploration of standing frame use for young people with cerebral palsy in educational settings. ( 30883842 )
2019
24
Motor performance and cognitive correlates in children cooled for neonatal encephalopathy without cerebral palsy at school age. ( 30883895 )
2019
25
Cerebral Palsy Rate of Very Low Birth Weight Infants Born at 36 Weeks of Gestation. ( 30886548 )
2019
26
Upper limb strength training and somatosensory stimulation: optimizing self-care independence for children with unilateral cerebral palsy. ( 30888051 )
2019
27
Modulation of gait inter-limb coordination in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy after intensive upper extremity intervention. ( 30888460 )
2019
28
Multimorbidity risk assessment in adolescents and adults with cerebral palsy: a protocol for establishing a core outcome set for clinical research and practice. ( 30890152 )
2019
29
Reliability and Validity of the Neurogenic Bladder Symptom Score in Adults with Cerebral Palsy. ( 30890419 )
2019
30
Cerebral palsy in adults: summary of NICE guidance. ( 30890528 )
2019
31
Parent's perception of constraint induced movement therapy in cerebral palsy management in rehabilitation centers of Lahore. ( 30890830 )
2019
32
Gait synergetic neuromuscular control in children with Cerebral Palsy at different Gross Motor Function Classification System levels. ( 30892974 )
2019
33
Mortality risk among adults with cerebral palsy: alarming findings and lingering questions. ( 30895597 )
2019
34
Evaluation and Treatment of Malnutrition and Associated Gastrointestinal Complications in Children with Cerebral Palsy. ( 30899688 )
2019
35
The efficacy of physical therapy on the improvement of the motor components of visual attention in children with cerebral palsy: a case series study. ( 30899744 )
2019
36
Contribution of corticospinal drive to ankle plantar flexor muscle activation during gait in adults with cerebral palsy. ( 30900000 )
2019
37
Nutritional red flags in children with cerebral palsy. ( 30902487 )
2019
38
Bedside neurophysiological tests can identify neonates with stroke leading to cerebral palsy. ( 30904770 )
2019
39
An Assessment of the Applicability of Shriners Hospital Upper Extremity Evaluation as a Decision-making Tool and Outcome Measure in Upper Limb Cerebral Palsy in Indian Children. ( 30905978 )
2019
40
Evidence-based Approach to Physical Therapy in Cerebral Palsy. ( 30905979 )
2019
41
Clinical Examination of Children with Cerebral Palsy. ( 30905980 )
2019
42
Distal Femoral Extension Osteotomy with 90° Pediatric Condylar Locking Compression Plate and Patellar Tendon Advancement for the Correction of Crouch Gait in Cerebral Palsy. ( 30905981 )
2019
43
Management of the Knee Problems in Spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30905982 )
2019
44
The development of spasticity with age in 4,162 children with cerebral palsy: a register-based prospective cohort study. ( 30907682 )
2019
45
Commentary on "Validity of the Early Activity Scale for Endurance and the 6-Minute Walk Test for Children With Cerebral Palsy". ( 30907833 )
2019
46
Commentary on "Effects of Adaptive Bungee Trampolining for Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Single-Subject Research Design". ( 30907834 )
2019
47
Commentary on "Early Intervention and Postural Adjustments During Reaching in Infants at Risk of Cerebral Palsy". ( 30907835 )
2019
48
Commentary on "Functional Task Training Combined With Electrical Stimulation Improves Motor Capacity in Children With Unilateral Cerebral Palsy: A Single-Subject Design". ( 30907840 )
2019
49
Measurement of community-based walking activity in cerebral palsy. ( 30908594 )
2019
50
Genetic mimics of cerebral palsy. ( 30913345 )
2019

Variations for Cerebral Palsy

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Cerebral Palsy:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 ADD3 NM_016824.4(ADD3): c.1100G> A (p.Gly367Asp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs564185858 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 111882007: 111882007
2 ADD3 NM_016824.4(ADD3): c.1100G> A (p.Gly367Asp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs564185858 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 110122249: 110122249
3 46;XX;t(1;5)(p31;q33)dn Translocation Likely pathogenic
4 46;XY;t(6;16)(p21.1;q21)dn Translocation Uncertain significance

Expression for Cerebral Palsy

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cerebral Palsy.

Pathways for Cerebral Palsy

Pathways related to Cerebral Palsy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 32)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.28 AP4B1 AP4E1 AP4M1 AP4S1 APOE COL4A1
2
Show member pathways
12.31 AP4B1 AP4E1 AP4M1 AP4S1
3 12.07 IL1B IL6 PLP1 TNF
4
Show member pathways
11.96 IL1B IL6 LTA TNF
5 11.9 AP4B1 AP4E1 AP4M1 AP4S1
6 11.86 COL4A1 IL1B IL6 TNF
7 11.82 IL1B IL6 TNF
8 11.8 IL1B LTA TNF
9 11.78 IL1B IL6 TNF
10 11.78 IL1B IL6 LTA TNF
11
Show member pathways
11.77 APOE F2 IL1B IL6 MTHFR TNF
12 11.72 IL1B LTA TNF
13 11.71 COL4A1 IL1B IL6 TNF
14 11.68 IL1B IL6 TNF
15 11.66 IL1B IL6 TNF
16 11.65 COL4A1 IL1B IL6 TNF
17
Show member pathways
11.65 COL4A1 F2 IL1B IL6 TNF
18 11.64 IL1B IL6 TNF
19 11.58 IL1B IL6 TNF
20
Show member pathways
11.57 IL1B IL6 TNF
21 11.5 IL1B IL6 TNF
22 11.44 IL1B IL6 TNF
23 11.43 IL1B IL6 TNF
24 11.28 IL1B IL6 TNF
25 11.24 IL1B IL6 TNF
26 11.21 APOE IL1B IL6 TNF
27 11.18 IL1B IL6 TNF
28 11.12 IL1B IL6 LTA TNF
29 11.1 IL1B IL6 TNF
30 10.95 COL4A1 IL1B IL6 LTA TNF
31 10.78 COL4A1 IL6 TNF
32 10.42 IL1B IL6 MTHFR TNF

GO Terms for Cerebral Palsy

Cellular components related to Cerebral Palsy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.97 APOE COL4A1 F2 F5 IL1B IL6
2 endoplasmic reticulum lumen GO:0005788 9.65 APOE COL4A1 F2 F5 IL6
3 trans-Golgi network membrane GO:0032588 9.46 AP4B1 AP4E1 AP4M1 AP4S1
4 endosome lumen GO:0031904 9.26 AP4B1 AP4E1 AP4M1 AP4S1
5 AP-4 adaptor complex GO:0030124 8.92 AP4B1 AP4E1 AP4M1 AP4S1
6 extracellular region GO:0005576 10.02 APOE COL4A1 F2 F5 IL1B IL6

Biological processes related to Cerebral Palsy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 31)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 positive regulation of gene expression GO:0010628 9.99 IL1B IL6 MMP8 PLP1 TNF
2 cellular protein metabolic process GO:0044267 9.92 APOE F2 F5 IL6
3 defense response to Gram-positive bacterium GO:0050830 9.82 IL6 LTA TNF
4 positive regulation of JNK cascade GO:0046330 9.81 IL1B MMP8 TNF
5 humoral immune response GO:0006959 9.75 IL6 LTA TNF
6 positive regulation of NIK/NF-kappaB signaling GO:1901224 9.74 IL1B MMP8 TNF
7 positive regulation of interferon-gamma production GO:0032729 9.71 IL1B LTA TNF
8 positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process GO:0045429 9.7 IL1B MMP8 TNF
9 protein localization GO:0008104 9.67 AP4B1 AP4E1 AP4M1 AP4S1
10 negative regulation of growth of symbiont in host GO:0044130 9.65 LTA TNF
11 positive regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion GO:0034116 9.65 IL1B TNF
12 locomotory exploration behavior GO:0035641 9.64 APOE GAD1
13 negative regulation of lipid storage GO:0010888 9.63 IL6 TNF
14 negative regulation of platelet activation GO:0010544 9.62 APOE F2
15 response to glucocorticoid GO:0051384 9.61 IL6 TNF
16 positive regulation of chemokine biosynthetic process GO:0045080 9.6 IL1B TNF
17 regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier GO:1903140 9.58 IL1B TNF
18 negative regulation of neurogenesis GO:0050768 9.58 IL1B IL6 TNF
19 positive regulation of fever generation GO:0031622 9.56 IL1B TNF
20 positive regulation of interleukin-6 production GO:0032755 9.56 IL1B IL6 MMP8 TNF
21 positive regulation of humoral immune response mediated by circulating immunoglobulin GO:0002925 9.55 LTA TNF
22 positive regulation of membrane protein ectodomain proteolysis GO:0051044 9.5 APOE IL1B TNF
23 sequestering of triglyceride GO:0030730 9.49 IL1B TNF
24 positive regulation of calcidiol 1-monooxygenase activity GO:0060559 9.48 IL1B TNF
25 regulation of microglial cell activation GO:1903978 9.46 MMP8 TNF
26 protein targeting GO:0006605 9.46 AP4B1 AP4E1 AP4M1 AP4S1
27 positive regulation of chronic inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus GO:0002876 9.43 LTA TNF
28 positive regulation of glial cell proliferation GO:0060252 9.26 IL1B IL6 LTA TNF
29 chronic inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus GO:0002439 9.21 TNF
30 positive regulation of neuroinflammatory response GO:0150078 8.92 IL1B IL6 MMP8 TNF
31 regulation of signaling receptor activity GO:0010469 10.01 F2 IL1B IL6 LTA TNF

Molecular functions related to Cerebral Palsy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine activity GO:0005125 8.92 IL1B IL6 LTA TNF

Sources for Cerebral Palsy

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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