MCID: CHL014
MIFTS: 61

Cholera

Categories: Gastrointestinal diseases, Infectious diseases, Rare diseases
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Aliases & Classifications for Cholera

MalaCards integrated aliases for Cholera:

Name: Cholera 11 19 58 75 53 41 2 43 14 71 31 33
Vibrio Cholerae Infection 19 2
Cholera Due to Vibrio Cholerae 11
Cholera - Vibrio Cholerae 11
Cholera Syndrome 33
Epidemic Cholera 33
Vibrio Cholerae 11
Asiatic Cholera 33

Characteristics:


Prevelance:

<1/1000000 58

Age Of Onset:

All ages 58

Age Of Death:

any age 58

Classifications:

Orphanet: 58  
Rare infectious diseases


Summaries for Cholera

MedlinePlus: 41 Cholera is a bacterial infection that causes diarrhea. The cholera bacterium is usually found in water or food that has been contaminated by feces (poop). Cholera is rare in the US. You may get it if you travel to parts of the world with poor water and sewage treatment. Outbreaks can also happen after disasters. The disease is not likely to spread directly from person to person. Cholera infections are often mild. Some people don't have any symptoms. If you do get symptoms, they usually start 2 to 3 days after infection. The most common symptom is watery diarrhea. In some cases, the infection can be severe, causing lots of watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. Because you quickly lose body fluids, you are at risk for dehydration and shock. Without treatment, you could die within hours. If you think that you might have cholera, you should get medical care right away. Doctors diagnose cholera with a stool sample or rectal swab. Treatment is the replacement of the fluid and salts that you lost through the diarrhea. This is usually with a rehydration solution that you drink. People with severe cases may need an I.V. to replace the fluids. Some of them may also need antibiotics. Most people who get fluid replacement right away will recover. There are vaccines to prevent cholera. One of them is available for adults in the U.S. Very few Americans need it, because most people do not visit areas that have an active cholera outbreak. There are also simple steps you can take to help to prevent cholera infection: Use only bottled or purified water for drinking, washing dishes, making ice cubes, and brushing your teeth If you do use tap water, boil it or use iodine tablets Wash your hands often with soap and clean water Make sure that the cooked food you eat is fully cooked and served hot Avoid unwashed or unpeeled raw fruits and vegetables Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

MalaCards based summary: Cholera, also known as vibrio cholerae infection, is related to pertussis and colon adenocarcinoma, and has symptoms including fever and pruritus. An important gene associated with Cholera is ARF1 (ADP Ribosylation Factor 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Metabolism and Disease. The drugs Mycophenolic acid and Prednisolone phosphate have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include small intestine, skin and spinal cord, and related phenotypes are diarrhea and hypotension

CDC: 2 Cholera, caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, is rare in the United States and other industrialized nations. However, globally, cholera cases have increased steadily since 2005 and the disease still occurs in many places including Africa, Southeast Asia, and Haiti. CDC responds to cholera outbreaks across the world using its Global Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) expertise. Cholera can be life-threatening but it is easily prevented and treated. Travelers, public health and medical professionals and outbreak responders should be aware of areas with high rates of cholera, know how the disease spreads, and what to do to prevent it.

GARD: 19 Cholera is an infection of the small intestines that is caused by the bacterium Vibrio Cholera. The condition can range from mild to severe and many affected people may have no obvious signs or symptoms. A small percentage of infected people will have severe disease with watery diarrhea and vomiting leading to rapid fluid loss, dehydration, and shock. People develop Cholera when they eat food or drink water that is contaminated with Vibrio Cholera. The condition occurs most often in places that lack water treatment and have poor sanitation and inadequate hygiene.

Disease Ontology: 11 A primary bacterial infectious disease that is described as an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which is characterized by profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, leg cramps, circulatory collapse and shock.

Orphanet: 58 Cholera is an infectious disease, caused by intestinal infection with Vibrio cholerae, characterized by massive watery diarrhea and severe dehydration that can lead to shock and death if left untreated.

Wikipedia: 75 Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.... more...

Related Diseases for Cholera

Diseases related to Cholera via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 589)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 pertussis 31.3 VIP HSPG2 GNAI1 EGF ADCY10
2 colon adenocarcinoma 30.2 VIP GNAS EGF CAV1
3 cystic fibrosis 29.9 VIP HSPG2 EGF CFTR CAV1 BPIFB1
4 prolactinoma 29.7 VIP GNAS EGF
5 vipoma 11.5
6 pancreatic cholera 11.3
7 gastroenteritis 11.2
8 secretory diarrhea 11.1
9 diarrhea 11.0
10 plague 10.7
11 disease by infectious agent 10.7
12 yellow fever 10.6
13 smallpox 10.6
14 typhoid fever 10.6
15 epidemic typhus 10.6
16 fasciitis 10.6
17 tetanus 10.5
18 immune-mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura 10.5
19 necrotizing fasciitis 10.5
20 dysentery 10.5
21 primary agammaglobulinemia 10.5
22 tatton-brown-rahman syndrome 10.5
23 acrocapitofemoral dysplasia 10.4
24 meningitis 10.4
25 gastric antral vascular ectasia 10.4
26 gallbladder disease 1 10.4
27 cholecystitis 10.4
28 crohn's disease 10.4
29 chronic bilirubin encephalopathy 10.4
30 multinucleated neurons, anhydramnios, renal dysplasia, cerebellar hypoplasia, and hydranencephaly 10.4
31 diphtheria 10.4
32 acute diarrhea 10.4
33 autoimmune disease 10.3
34 nutritional deficiency disease 10.3
35 hematologic cancer 10.3
36 glioma susceptibility 1 10.3
37 metabolic acidosis 10.3
38 newcastle disease 10.3
39 autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia 10.3
40 henoch-schoenlein purpura 10.3
41 alcohol use disorder 10.3
42 acalculous cholecystitis 10.3
43 perioral myoclonia with absences 10.3
44 hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 2 10.3
45 hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 3 10.3
46 glioma 10.3
47 glial tumor 10.3
48 shigellosis 10.3
49 paratyphoid fever 10.3
50 neuroblastoma 10.3

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Cholera:



Diseases related to Cholera

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Cholera

Human phenotypes related to Cholera:

58 30 (show all 35)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 diarrhea 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0002014
2 hypotension 58 30 Frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%)
HP:0002615
3 muscle weakness 58 30 Frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%)
HP:0001324
4 dehydration 58 30 Frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%)
HP:0001944
5 vomiting 58 30 Frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%)
HP:0002013
6 hypokalemia 58 30 Frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%)
HP:0002900
7 hyponatremia 58 30 Frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%)
HP:0002902
8 hypocalcemia 58 30 Frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%)
HP:0002901
9 tachycardia 58 30 Frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%)
HP:0001649
10 muscle spasm 58 30 Frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%)
HP:0003394
11 decreased urine output 58 30 Frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%)
HP:0011037
12 hypoglycemia 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0001943
13 irritability 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0000737
14 deeply set eye 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0000490
15 premature birth 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0001622
16 lethargy 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0001254
17 lactic acidosis 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0003128
18 tachypnea 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0002789
19 acute kidney injury 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0001919
20 loss of consciousness 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0007185
21 hyperventilation 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0002883
22 abdominal cramps 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0032155
23 hypovolemic shock 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0031274
24 palmoplantar cutis laxa 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0007517
25 achlorhydria 58 30 Occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%)
HP:0032448
26 seizure 30 Occasional (7.5%) HP:0001250
27 fever 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very rare (<4-1%)
HP:0001945
28 stroke 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very rare (<4-1%)
HP:0001297
29 aspiration pneumonia 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very rare (<4-1%)
HP:0011951
30 seizures 58 Occasional (29-5%)
31 abdominal pain 58 Occasional (29-5%)
32 spontaneous abortion 58 Occasional (29-5%)
33 acidosis 58 Frequent (79-30%)
34 abnormal blood ion concentration 58 Frequent (79-30%)
35 abnormality of renal excretion 58 Frequent (79-30%)

UMLS symptoms related to Cholera:


fever; pruritus

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Cholera according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

25
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 no effect GR00402-S-1 10.2 ADCY1 ADCY10 ARF1 ARF3 ARF4 ARF5
2 no effect GR00402-S-2 10.2 ADCY1 ADCY10 ARF1 ARF4 ARF5 ARF6

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Cholera:

45
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 10 ADCY1 ADCY10 ARF6 BPIFB1 CAV1 CFTR
2 respiratory system MP:0005388 9.5 BPIFB1 CAV1 CFTR GNAS HSPG2 NEU1
3 integument MP:0010771 9.28 ADCY1 CAV1 CFTR CXCL17 EGF GNAS

Drugs & Therapeutics for Cholera

Drugs for Cholera (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 73)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Mycophenolic acid Approved, Investigational Phase 4 24280-93-1 446541
2
Prednisolone phosphate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 302-25-0
3
Prednisolone acetate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 52-21-1
4
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-24-8 4894 5755
5
Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate Approved Phase 4 2921-57-5 1875
6
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 83-43-2 4159 6741
7
Tacrolimus Approved, Investigational Phase 4 104987-11-3 6473866 445643
8
Formaldehyde Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-00-0 712
9
Prednisolone hemisuccinate Experimental Phase 4 2920-86-7 4897
10 Cyclosporins Phase 4
11
Methylprednisolone Acetate Phase 4 584547
12 Calcineurin Inhibitors Phase 4
13 Immunosuppressive Agents Phase 4
14 Vaccines Phase 4
15
Ciprofloxacin Approved, Investigational Phase 3 85721-33-1, 93107-08-5 2764
16
Azithromycin Approved Phase 3 83905-01-5 447043
17
Zinc cation Approved, Experimental, Investigational Phase 3 7440-66-6, 23713-49-7 32051
18
Erythromycin Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 3 55-31-2, 114-07-8 12560
19
Racepinephrine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 51-43-4, 329-65-7 838 5816
20
Levonorgestrel Approved, Investigational Phase 3 797-63-7 13109
21
Dopamine Approved Phase 3 62-31-7, 51-61-6 681
22 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 3
23 Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors Phase 3
24 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 3
25 Erythromycin stearate Phase 3
26 Erythromycin Ethylsuccinate Phase 3
27 Erythromycin Estolate Phase 3
28 Antibodies Phase 3
29 Immunoglobulins Phase 3
30 Immunologic Factors Phase 3
31 Mydriatics Phase 3
32 Adrenergic alpha-Agonists Phase 3
33 Adrenergic Agonists Phase 3
34 Adrenergic Agents Phase 3
35 Cardiotonic Agents Phase 3
36 Bronchodilator Agents Phase 3
37 Protective Agents Phase 3
38 Epinephryl borate Phase 3
39 Sympathomimetics Phase 3
40 Respiratory System Agents Phase 3
41 Dopamine Agents Phase 3
42 Anti-Asthmatic Agents Phase 3
43 Vasoconstrictor Agents Phase 3
44 Adrenergic beta-Agonists Phase 3
45 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 3
46
Doxycycline Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 2 564-25-0 54671203
47
Zinc sulfate Approved, Investigational Phase 1, Phase 2 7733-02-0
48
Secnidazole Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 3366-95-8
49
Albendazole Approved, Vet_approved Phase 1, Phase 2 54965-21-8 2082
50
Ascorbic acid Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 2 50-81-7 54676860 54670067 5785

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 79)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 A Randomized, Double-blind, Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Killed Bivalent (o1 and o139) Whole-cell Based Oral Cholera Vaccine (Shanchol®) in Healthy Individuals in Ethiopia Completed NCT01524640 Phase 4
2 A Open Labeled Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Immune Response of a Boosting Regimen With Shanchol™, a Killed Whole Cell Oral Cholera Vaccine (WC-OCV), in Previously Immunized Adults and Children in Eastern Kolkata, India Completed NCT01579448 Phase 4
3 Safety and Immunogenicity of Two Doses of Oral Cholera Vaccine (Shanchol™) in Subjects Aged 1 Year and Older in the Philippines Completed NCT01949675 Phase 4
4 Effect of Extended Dose Intervals on the Immune Response to Oral Cholera Vaccine Completed NCT03373669 Phase 4
5 A Phase 4 Study to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of VAXCHORA (Cholera Vaccine, Live, Oral) in Children 2 to <18 Years of Age Completed NCT03220737 Phase 4
6 An Open Label Post Licensure Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Indigenously Manufactured Killed Bivalent (O1 and O139) Whole Cell Oral Cholera Vaccine(Shanchol™) Completed NCT00760825 Phase 4
7 Immune Response After Inactivated Oral Cholera Vaccine (Dukoral) in Renal Transplant Recipients Completed NCT01109914 Phase 4
8 CVD 38000: Immunity, Microbiome, Epigenetics, and a Systems Biology Approach to the Study of Responses to Vaccination With Typhoid and/or Cholera Recruiting NCT03705585 Phase 4 Vivotif Typhoid Oral Vaccine;Vaxchora
9 Immune Response to a Delayed Second Dose of Oral Cholera Vaccine Recruiting NCT05453253 Phase 4
10 Blood Donor CVD 9000: Collection of Blood for In Vitro Studies From Healthy Adults Who Have Received Oral Cholera Vaccine (CVD 103-HgR) Terminated NCT03724357 Phase 4 Vaxchora
11 A Randomized, Observer Blinded, Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of a New Formulation of Euvichol® (Killed Bivalent Whole Cell Oral Cholera Vaccine Manufactured by EuBiologics Co. Ltd.) in Healthy Individuals Unknown status NCT02502331 Phase 3
12 A Phase 3 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Efficacy Trial of a Single Dose Live Oral Cholera Vaccine, PXVX0200 CVD 103-HgR, in Preventing Cholera Following Challenge With Vibrio Cholerae 10 Days or 3 Months After Vaccination Completed NCT01895855 Phase 3
13 An Individually Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial to Measure the Protection Conferred by a Single Dose Regimen of Bivalent, Killed, Whole Cell Oral Cholera Vaccine (Shanchol™) in Dhaka, Bangladesh Completed NCT02027207 Phase 3
14 A Phase III Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study in Older Adults to Assess Immunogenicity and Clinical Acceptability of a Single-dose of the Live Oral Cholera Vaccine Candidate PXVX0200 O1 Serotype Inaba Strain CVD 103-HgR Completed NCT02100631 Phase 3
15 Randomized, Double Blind, Controlled Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of Multiple-dose Ciprofloxacin With Single Dose Azithromycin Therapy for Adults With Cholera Due to Multiply Resistant Strains of V. Cholerae O1 or O139 Completed NCT00741052 Phase 3 Ciprofloxacin;Azithromycin
16 Phase 3 Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled 3-Lot Study in Healthy Volunteers to Assess Immunogenicity, & Acceptability of a Single-dose of Live Oral Cholera Vaccine, Vibrio Cholerae O1 Serotype Inaba Vaccine Strain CVD 103-HgR Completed NCT02094586 Phase 3
17 A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Bivalent Killed Whole Cell Oral Cholera Vaccine in Eastern Kolkata, West Bengal, India Completed NCT00289224 Phase 3
18 Clinical Trial of Zinc Supplementation in Cholera Patients Completed NCT00226616 Phase 3 Zinc
19 Randomised, Open, Parallel Group Clinical Trial to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of a Single Dose of Ciprofloxacin Oral Suspension 20 mg/kg With a 3-day Course of Erythromycin Oral Suspension Administered in a Dose of 12.5 mg/kg Every 6 Hours (12 Doses) in the Treatment of Children,With Clinically Severe Cholera Due to V. Cholerae O1 or O139. Completed NCT00142272 Phase 3 Ciprofloxacin
20 Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Clinical Trial to Compare Efficacy of a Single Dose of Azithromycin Versus a Single Dose of Ciprofloxacin in the Treatment of Adults With Clinically Severe Cholera Due to V. Cholerae O1 or O139 Completed NCT00229944 Phase 3 Azithromycin
21 Safety and Immunogenicity of Two Doses of Oral Cholera Vaccine (ShancholTM) in Subjects Aged 1 Year and Older in Dominican Republic Completed NCT02434822 Phase 3
22 Oral Rehydration SolutionContaining Amylase Resistant Starch in Severely Malnourished Children With Watery Diarrhoea Due to Vibrio Cholerae Completed NCT00324285 Phase 3 Amylase resistant starch added ORS
23 A Phase III, Multicenter, Observer-Blinded, Randomized, Active Controlled Trial to Evaluate Immune Non-Inferiority, Safety and Lot-to-Lot Consistency of Oral Cholera Vaccine-Simplified Compared to ShancholTM in 1 to 40 Years Old Healthy Nepalese Participants Recruiting NCT04760236 Phase 3
24 Randomized Controlled Trial of Dopamine, Adrenaline, and Blood Transfusion for Treatment of Fluid Refractory Shock in Children With Severe Acute Malnutrition and Cholera or Other Dehydrating Diarrheas Recruiting NCT04750070 Phase 3 Dopamine;adrenaline;Blood Transfusion
25 Study on the Immunogenicity of Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) and Oral Cholera Vaccine (OCV) When Co-administered Recruiting NCT03581734 Phase 3
26 A Phase III Randomized, Modified Double-blind, Multi-centric, Comparative Study, to Evaluate the Non-inferiority of Immunogenicity and Safety of Single Strain Oral Cholera Vaccine Hillchol® (BBV131)to the Comparator Vaccine Shanchol™ Along With Lot-to-lot Consistency of Hillchol® (BBV131). Active, not recruiting NCT05507229 Phase 3
27 Safety and Immunogenicity of a Killed Oral Cholera Vaccine Among Infants 10 Weeks to Less Than 12 Months of Age When Given Concomitantly With EPI Vaccines Unknown status NCT00548054 Phase 2
28 Effect of Extended Dose Intervals on the Immune Response to Oral Cholera Vaccine in Cameroon Completed NCT03719066 Phase 2
29 A Phase 2 Randomized, Double-Blinded Study to Compare in Malian Adults the Immunogenicity, Clinical Acceptability and Excretion Pattern Following the Ingestion of a Single Dose of PXVX0200 (CVD 103-HgR) Live Oral Cholera Vaccine Containing Either 108 Colony Forming Units [Cfu] or 109 Cfu Using Shanchol™ Killed Whole Cell Oral Cholera Vaccine as an Immunological Comparator Completed NCT02145377 Phase 2
30 Safety and Tolerability of a Novel Llama-derived Anti-rotavirus VHH Fragment in Human Volunteers (Part-I), and Its Effect on Severity and Duration of Rotavirus Diarrhoea in Children (Part II). (This Registration Only Covers Part II) Completed NCT01259765 Phase 2 VHH batch 203027;Placebo product
31 A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Single Dose Regimen of Live Attenuated Oral Cholera Vaccine (Choleragarde®) in HIV-Seropositive Adults in Thailand Completed NCT00741637 Phase 2
32 Efficacy of Benefiber-Added, Reduced-Osmolarity WHO-ORS in the Treatment of Cholera in Adults Completed NCT00672308 Phase 2
33 Safety and Immunogenicity of a Killed, Oral Cholera Vaccine in Indian Subjects in Eastern Kolkata, West Bengal Completed NCT00119197 Phase 2
34 A Phase 2a Randomized, Single-Center, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety and Preliminary Efficacy of Oral iOWH032 Against Cholera Diarrhea in a Controlled Human Infection Model Completed NCT04150250 Phase 2 iOWH032;Placebo;Antibiotics
35 A Phase I/II Dose-escalation Study to Evaluate Safety, Tolerability and Immunogenicity of '2-dose Primary Series' Single Strain (Hikojima Serotype) Inactivated Oral Cholera Vaccine Formulations (Two Formulations Based on Total O1 LPS Content), in Sequential Age Descending Population of Healthy Adults and Children Completed NCT02823899 Phase 1, Phase 2
36 Studies of Acute and Memory Immune Responses to Orally Administered Vaccines in Developing Country Children and Factors That May Augment Such Responses Completed NCT01019083 Phase 1, Phase 2 Placebo;Zinc Sulphate;Albendazole and Secnidazole
37 Immune Responses Following One Versus Two Doses of Killed Oral Cholera Vaccine in Eastern Kolkata, West Bengal, India Completed NCT00419133 Phase 2
38 A Safety and Immunogenicity Study of a New Formulation of the Locally-Produced Bivalent Killed, Whole-Cell Oral Cholera Vaccine in Vietnamese Subjects Completed NCT00128011 Phase 2
39 A Randomized Observer Blinded Controlled Non Inferiority Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Locally Manufactured Inactivated Bivalent Whole Cell-oral Cholera Vaccine (WC-OCV) 'Cholvax' in Bangladeshi Healthy Adults and Children Completed NCT02742558 Phase 2
40 A Randomized Controlled Trial To Evaluate the Immunogenicity of Two Doses of the Modified Killed Whole-Cell Oral Cholera Vaccine Under Two Alternative Vaccination Schedules. Completed NCT01233362 Phase 2
41 Randomized Double-Blinded Pilot Study Confirming A Human Challenge Model Using LSN03-016011/A Expressing LT And CS17 And Investigating The Safety Of VLA1701 (An Investigational Oral Cholera And ETEC (Enterotoxigenic E Coli) (Vaccine) Completed NCT03576183 Phase 2
42 Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial, to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Orally Administered, Killed, Bivalent Whole-cell, Cholera Vaccine, ShanChol in Bangladeshi Adults and Children Completed NCT01042951 Phase 2
43 Study of Field Application of Oral Cholera Vaccine, Shanchol for Use in Developing Country Settings Completed NCT01762930 Phase 2 Shanchol
44 Azithromycin Prophylaxis in Child Contacts of Cholera Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial Recruiting NCT04326478 Phase 2 Azithromycin
45 Immunologic Responses to a Live Attenuated Oral Cholera Vaccine Suspended NCT03251495 Phase 2 Vaxchora
46 A Multi-site, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Trehalose-reformulated Peru-15 (Choleragarde)Vaccine Given Simultaneously With Measles Vaccine in Healthy Indian and Bangladeshi Infants Terminated NCT00624975 Phase 2
47 A Controlled Study of Salmonella Ty21a and Cholera/ ETEC-vaccine and the Role of Oats in Daily Diet as a New Treatment in Patients With Mild or Moderate Ulcerative Colitis. Terminated NCT00751933 Phase 2
48 A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Two-Part Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of iOWH032 in the Treatment of Acute Dehydrating Diarrhea in Adult and Pediatric Patients With Cholera Withdrawn NCT02111304 Phase 2 iOWH032
49 A Phase 1 Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo Controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of the LIve Oral Cholera Vaccine Candidate PXVX0200 Vibrio Cholerae Serotype 01 Inaba CVD 103-HgR Vaccine Strain Completed NCT01585181 Phase 1
50 Two-Part, Single-Centre Pharmacokinetic Study of iOWH032 in Adult Male and Female Healthy Volunteers, and Adult Males With Cholera Completed NCT01823939 Phase 1 iOWH032

Search NIH Clinical Center for Cholera

Cochrane evidence based reviews: cholera

Genetic Tests for Cholera

Anatomical Context for Cholera

Organs/tissues related to Cholera:

MalaCards : Small Intestine, Skin, Spinal Cord, Smooth Muscle, Kidney, T Cells, Bone Marrow

Publications for Cholera

Articles related to Cholera:

(show top 50) (show all 30423)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Structural basis for the toxin-coregulated pilus-dependent secretion of Vibrio cholerae colonization factor. 62 41
36240278 2022
2
Randomized Controlled Trial of the Cholera-Hospital-Based-Intervention-for-7-Days (CHoBI7) Cholera Rapid Response Program to Reduce Diarrheal Diseases in Bangladesh. 62 41
36232205 2022
3
Formative Research for the Development of Evidence-Based Targeted Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions to Reduce Cholera in Hotspots in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Preventative Intervention for Cholera for 7 Days (PICHA7) Program. 62 41
36231546 2022
4
Sustained delivery of thermostabilized chABC enhances axonal sprouting and functional recovery after spinal cord injury. 53 62
19884507 2010
5
Differential expression of enteric neuroimmune-network in invasive and acute watery diarrhoea. 53 62
19650770 2010
6
Development of immunoglobulin M memory to both a T-cell-independent and a T-cell-dependent antigen following infection with Vibrio cholerae O1 in Bangladesh. 53 62
19858296 2010
7
Rescue of functional F508del cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator by vasoactive intestinal peptide in the human nasal epithelial cell line JME/CF15. 53 62
19584307 2009
8
Caveolin-1 regulation of dynamin-dependent, raft-mediated endocytosis of cholera toxin-B sub-unit occurs independently of caveolae. 53 62
19438805 2009
9
Parallel preoptic pathways for thermoregulation. 53 62
19776281 2009
10
Sorting in early endosomes reveals connections to docking- and fusion-associated factors. 53 62
19487677 2009
11
Generating an unfoldase from thioredoxin-like domains. 53 62
19289469 2009
12
Pseudomonas aeruginosa vesicles associate with and are internalized by human lung epithelial cells. 53 62
19192306 2009
13
Desensitization of beta-adrenergic receptors in lung injury induced by 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide, a mustard analog. 53 62
19202564 2009
14
Lipid rafts mediate internalization of beta1-integrin in migrating intestinal epithelial cells. 53 62
18755811 2008
15
Different internalization pathways of polymeric micelles and unimers and their effects on vesicular transport. 53 62
18729494 2008
16
Thiazolidinone CFTR inhibitors with improved water solubility identified by structure-activity analysis. 53 62
18691893 2008
17
Differential subcellular membrane recruitment of Src may specify its downstream signalling. 53 62
18316074 2008
18
Automated quantitative analysis of epithelial cell scatter. 53 62
19271353 2008
19
Activation of PKCbeta(II) and PKCtheta is essential for LDL-induced cell proliferation of human aortic smooth muscle cells via Gi-mediated Erk1/2 activation and Egr-1 upregulation. 53 62
18211822 2008
20
Transcriptional upregulation of inflammatory cytokines in human intestinal epithelial cells following Vibrio cholerae infection. 53 62
17697117 2007
21
Adherence-inhibitory intestinal immunoglobulin a antibody response in baboons elicited by use of a synthetic intranasal lectin-based amebiasis subunit vaccine. 53 62
17526742 2007
22
Cholera toxin induces malignant glioma cell differentiation via the PKA/CREB pathway. 53 62
17679696 2007
23
Cellular uptake of cationic polymer-DNA complexes via caveolae plays a pivotal role in gene transfection in COS-7 cells. 53 62
17385010 2007
24
Monobutyl phthalate inhibits steroidogenesis by downregulating steroidogenic acute regulatory protein expression in mouse Leydig tumor cells (MLTC-1). 53 62
17479410 2007
25
Study on the mechanism of trichlorfon-induced inhibition of progesterone synthesis in mouse leydig tumor cells (MLTC-1). 53 62
17350742 2007
26
Acinar plasticity: development of a novel in vitro model to study human acinar-to-duct-to-islet differentiation. 53 62
17446845 2007
27
Syntaxin 16 and syntaxin 5 are required for efficient retrograde transport of several exogenous and endogenous cargo proteins. 53 62
17389686 2007
28
Stimulation of intestinal secretion by vasoactive intestinal peptide and cholera toxin. 53 62
17023221 2007
29
In vitro induction of immunoglobulin A (IgA)- and IgM-secreting plasma blasts by cholera toxin depends on T-cell help and is mediated by CD154 up-regulation and inhibition of gamma interferon synthesis. 53 62
17220318 2007
30
Do salivary antibodies reliably reflect both mucosal and systemic immunity? 53 62
17435136 2007
31
Identification of new small molecule inhibitors of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein: in vitro and in vivo studies. 53 62
17329846 2007
32
Characterization of the Rab8-specific membrane traffic route linked to protrusion formation. 53 62
17105768 2006
33
Low concentrations mono-butyl phthalate stimulates steroidogenesis by facilitating steroidogenic acute regulatory protein expression in mouse Leydig tumor cells (MLTC-1). 53 62
16999944 2006
34
Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor in intestinal immune defense against the lumen-dwelling protozoan parasite Giardia. 53 62
17056558 2006
35
The internalization route resulting in successful gene expression depends on both cell line and polyethylenimine polyplex type. 53 62
16979385 2006
36
Activation of STAT3 by G alpha(s) distinctively requires protein kinase A, JNK, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. 53 62
17008315 2006
37
Invasion of host cells by JC virus identifies a novel role for caveolae in endosomal sorting of noncaveolar ligands. 53 62
16973546 2006
38
Leptin interferes with adrenocorticotropin/3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling, possibly through a Janus kinase 2-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt-phosphodiesterase 3-cAMP pathway, to down-regulate cholesterol side-chain cleavage cytochrome P450 enzyme in human adrenocortical NCI-H295 cell line. 53 62
16684834 2006
39
Comparison of adenovirus fiber, protein IX, and hexon capsomeres as scaffolds for vector purification and cell targeting. 53 62
16504233 2006
40
Intranasal immunization of mice with recombinant lipidated P2086 protein reduces nasal colonization of group B Neisseria meningitidis. 53 62
16621173 2006
41
Coding GNAS mutations leading to hormone resistance impair in vitro agonist- and cholera toxin-induced adenosine cyclic 3',5'-monophosphate formation mediated by human XLalphas. 53 62
16484323 2006
42
The cholera toxin A1(3) subdomain is essential for interaction with ADP-ribosylation factor 6 and full toxic activity but is not required for translocation from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cytosol. 53 62
16552056 2006
43
Mutual enhancement of virulence by enterotoxigenic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli. 53 62
16495521 2006
44
Influence of exogenous reproductive hormones on specific antibody production in genital secretions after vaginal vaccination with recombinant cholera toxin B subunit in humans. 53 62
16467326 2006
45
Gi protein-mediated translocation of serine/threonine phosphatase to the plasma membrane and apoptosis of ovarian cancer cell in response to gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist cetrorelix. 53 62
16390708 2006
46
Activation of large-conductance, Ca2+-activated K+ channels by cannabinoids. 53 62
16107501 2006
47
Characterization of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) from Lilium daviddi pollen. 53 62
16085656 2005
48
beta-Adrenergic-responsive activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases in salivary cells: role of epidermal growth factor receptor and cAMP. 53 62
15689414 2005
49
CFTR in cystic fibrosis and cholera: from membrane transport to clinical practice. 53 62
15905150 2005
50
Isoproterenol induces actin depolymerization in human airway smooth muscle cells via activation of an Src kinase and GS. 53 62
15821021 2005

Variations for Cholera

Expression for Cholera

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cholera.

Pathways for Cholera

Pathways related to Cholera according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 38)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.76 PLCB1 NEU1 HSPG2 GNAS GNAI1 CAV1
2
Show member pathways
13.71 ADCY1 ARF1 CAV1 CFTR EGF GNAI1
3 13.61 ADCY1 ADCY10 ARF6 CAV1 CFTR EGF
4
Show member pathways
13.44 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1 EGF ARF6 ARF5
5
Show member pathways
13.32 ADCY1 CAV1 EGF GNAI1 GNAS HSPG2
6
Show member pathways
13.19 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1 EGF CAV1 ADCY1
7
Show member pathways
13.15 EGF CFTR ARL1 ARF6 ARF5 ARF4
8
Show member pathways
12.98 ADCY1 EGF GNAI1 GNAS HSPG2 PLCB1
9
Show member pathways
12.95 NEU1 ARF5 ARF4 ARF3 ARF1
10
Show member pathways
12.56 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1 CAV1 ADCY1
11
Show member pathways
12.41 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1 ADCY1
12
Show member pathways
12.4 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1 EGF CAV1 ADCY1
13
Show member pathways
12.33 ADCY1 CAV1 EGF GNAI1 GNAS PLCB1
14 12.28 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1 ADCY1
15
Show member pathways
12.24 GNAS EGF CAV1 ADCY1
16
Show member pathways
12.18 GNAS GNAI1 EGF CFTR ADCY10 ADCY1
17
Show member pathways
12.09 ADCY1 CFTR GNAI1 GNAS
18
Show member pathways
12.07 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1 ADCY1
19
Show member pathways
12.05 VIP GNAS GNAI1 ADCY1
20
Show member pathways
11.94 PLCB1 GNAS ADCY1
21
Show member pathways
11.91 PLCB1 GNAS ERO1A CFTR ARF6 ARF5
22
Show member pathways
11.88 ADCY1 ADCY10 GNAS
23 11.81 PLCB1 GNAI1 EGF ADCY1
24 11.8 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1
25 11.74 GNAS GNAI1 ADCY1
26 11.54 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1
27 11.48 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1
28 11.46 GNAS GNAI1 ADCY1
29 11.39 PLCB1 GNAS ADCY1
30
Show member pathways
11.35 GNAS GNAI1 ADCY1
31 11.28 PLCB1 GNAS ADCY1
32 11.12 GNAS GNAI1 ADCY10
33 11.06 CAV1 ARF1
34 11.04 ARF1 ARF5 ARF6
35 11.03 GNAS ADCY1
36 10.94 CFTR CAV1
37 10.75 ARF6 ARF1
38 10.7 PLCB1 GNAS GNAI1 ADCY1

GO Terms for Cholera

Cellular components related to Cholera according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Golgi apparatus GO:0005794 9.77 ERO1A CAV1 ARL1 ARF6 ARF5 ARF4
2 extracellular exosome GO:0070062 9.74 PLCB1 NEU1 HSPG2 GNAS GNAI1 EGF

Biological processes related to Cholera according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 intracellular protein transport GO:0006886 9.93 ARF1 ARF3 ARF4 ARF5 ARF6 ARL1
2 protein transport GO:0015031 9.87 CAV1 ARF6 ARF5 ARF4 ARF3 ARF1
3 retrograde vesicle-mediated transport, Golgi to endoplasmic reticulum GO:0006890 9.85 ARF5 ARF4 ARF3
4 cAMP biosynthetic process GO:0006171 9.73 ADCY10 ADCY1
5 activation of phospholipase D activity GO:0031584 9.56 ARL1 ARF4
6 cellular response to forskolin GO:1904322 9.43 GNAI1 CFTR ADCY1
7 cyclic nucleotide biosynthetic process GO:0009190 9.4 ADCY10 ADCY1
8 vesicle-mediated transport GO:0016192 9.4 ARL1 ARF6 ARF5 ARF4 ARF3 ARF1

Molecular functions related to Cholera according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 GTP binding GO:0005525 10.06 GNAS GNAI1 ARL1 ARF6 ARF5 ARF4
2 nucleotide binding GO:0000166 9.7 ADCY1 ADCY10 ARF1 ARF3 ARF4 ARF5
3 adenylate cyclase activity GO:0004016 9.62 ADCY10 ADCY1
4 GTPase activity GO:0003924 9.53 GNAS GNAI1 ARL1 ARF6 ARF5 ARF4
5 guanyl nucleotide binding GO:0019001 9.26 GNAS GNAI1

Sources for Cholera

2 CDC
6 CNVD
8 Cosmic
9 dbSNP
10 DGIdb
16 EFO
17 ExPASy
18 FMA
19 GARD
27 GO
28 GTR
29 HMDB
30 HPO
31 ICD10
32 ICD10 via Orphanet
33 ICD11
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 LifeMap
38 LOVD
40 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
52 NINDS
53 Novoseek
55 ODiseA
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 24-Oct-2022)
61 PubChem
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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