CHM
MCID: CHR081
MIFTS: 54

Choroideremia (CHM)

Categories: Blood diseases, Eye diseases, Genetic diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Choroideremia

MalaCards integrated aliases for Choroideremia:

Name: Choroideremia 58 12 77 25 54 26 60 76 38 30 13 56 6 45 15 41 74
Chm 58 54 60 76
Tcd 58 54 26 76
Progressive Tapetochoroidal Dystrophy 54 26 76
Choroidal Sclerosis 26 74
Tapetochoroidal Dystrophy, Progressive; Tcd 58
Tapetochoroidal Dystrophy, Progressive 58
Progressive Choroidal Atrophy 12
Tapetochoroidal Dystrophy 60

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

60
choroideremia
Inheritance: X-linked recessive; Prevalence: 1-9/100000 (Europe); Age of onset: Adolescent,Adult,Childhood; Age of death: normal life expectancy;

OMIM:

58
Inheritance:
x-linked dominant

Miscellaneous:
onset in second to third decade
carrier females show a distinct flecked autofluorescence pattern


HPO:

33

Classifications:

Orphanet: 60  
Rare eye diseases


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:9821
OMIM 58 303100
KEGG 38 H01116
ICD9CM 36 363.55
MeSH 45 D015794
NCIt 51 C34469
SNOMED-CT 69 75241009
ICD10 34 H31.21
MESH via Orphanet 46 D015794
ICD10 via Orphanet 35 H31.2
UMLS via Orphanet 75 C0008525
Orphanet 60 ORPHA180

Summaries for Choroideremia

Genetics Home Reference : 26 Choroideremia is a condition characterized by progressive vision loss that mainly affects males. The first symptom of this condition is usually an impairment of night vision (night blindness), which can occur in early childhood. A progressive narrowing of the field of vision (tunnel vision) follows, as well as a decrease in the ability to see details (visual acuity). These vision problems are due to an ongoing loss of cells (atrophy) in the specialized light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye (retina) and a nearby network of blood vessels (the choroid). The vision impairment in choroideremia worsens over time, but the progression varies among affected individuals. However, all individuals with this condition will develop blindness, most commonly in late adulthood.

MalaCards based summary : Choroideremia, also known as chm, is related to bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy and choroideremia, deafness, and mental retardation. An important gene associated with Choroideremia is CHM (CHM Rab Escort Protein), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Metabolism of proteins and Vesicle-mediated transport. The drugs Simvastatin and Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, retina and testes, and related phenotypes are abnormality of retinal pigmentation and abnormal electroretinogram

NIH Rare Diseases : 54 Choroideremia is a genetic condition that causes vision loss. This disorder typically affects males. The first symptom is usually impairment of night vision (night blindness), which can occur in childhood. People with this disorder also experience narrowing of the field of vision (tunnel vision) and decrease in the ability to see details (visual acuity). The vision problems are due to loss of cells in the retina (light sensitive part of the eye) and choroid (blood vessels in the eye). The vision issues tend to get worse over time and usually lead to blindness in late adulthood. The rate and degree of vision loss differs for each person. Choroideremia is caused by spelling mistakes (mutations) in the CHM gene and is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern.

OMIM : 58 Choroideremia is an X-linked disease that leads to the degeneration of the choriocapillaris, the retinal pigment epithelium, and the photoreceptor of the eye (Cremers et al., 1990). The characteristic lesion of choroideremia is chorioretinal scalloped atrophy in the midperipheral fundus, with preservation of the macula (Li et al., 2014). See also choroideremia, deafness, and mental retardation (303110), a contiguous gene deletion syndrome involving the CHM and POU3F4 (300039) genes on Xq21. X-linked deafness-2 with stapes fixation (DFNX2; 304400) is also caused by mutation in the CHM gene. (303100)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 76 Choroideremia: An X-linked recessive disease characterized by a slowly progressive degeneration of the choroid, photoreceptors, and retinal pigment epithelium. Affected males develop night blindness in their teenage years followed by loss of peripheral vision and complete blindness at middle age. Carrier females are generally asymptomatic but funduscopic examination often shows patchy areas of chorioretinal atrophy.

Wikipedia : 77 Choroideremia (/kɒˌrɔɪdɪˈriːmiə/; CHM) is a rare, X-linked recessive form of hereditary retinal... more...

GeneReviews: NBK1337

Related Diseases for Choroideremia

Diseases related to Choroideremia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 73)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy 31.3 CHM CHML CYP4V2
2 choroideremia, deafness, and mental retardation 12.3
3 choroideremia hypopituitarism 12.2
4 ayazi syndrome 12.1
5 van den bosch syndrome 11.7
6 deafness, x-linked 2 11.3
7 retinitis pigmentosa 10.4
8 leber congenital amaurosis 4 10.4
9 retinitis 10.4
10 sickle cell anemia 10.4
11 carotid stenosis 10.2
12 retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome 10.1
13 usher syndrome 10.1
14 macular holes 10.1
15 retinal degeneration 10.1
16 pelizaeus-merzbacher disease 10.1
17 cerebrovascular disease 10.1
18 usher syndrome, type iid 10.0
19 cataract 10.0
20 hypopituitarism 10.0
21 choroid disease 10.0 CHM RAB27A
22 arteries, anomalies of 9.9
23 atherosclerosis susceptibility 9.9
24 migraine with or without aura 1 9.9
25 stroke, ischemic 9.9
26 brain injury 9.9
27 traumatic brain injury 9.9
28 migraine with aura 9.9
29 intracranial aneurysm 9.9
30 migraine without aura 9.9
31 patent foramen ovale 9.9
32 carotid artery disease 9.9
33 intracranial embolism 9.9
34 carotid artery dissection 9.9
35 sickle cell disease 9.9
36 cluster headache 9.9
37 whiplash 9.9
38 head injury 9.9
39 headache 9.9
40 atrial septal aneurysm 9.9
41 macular dystrophy, dominant cystoid 9.9
42 retinal detachment 9.9
43 choroidal dystrophy, central areolar, 1 9.9
44 gyrate atrophy of choroid and retina 9.9
45 oliver-mcfarlane syndrome 9.9
46 mental retardation, x-linked, syndromic, martin-probst type 9.9
47 kearns-sayre syndrome 9.9
48 polydactyly 9.9
49 bardet-biedl syndrome 2 9.9
50 bardet-biedl syndrome 10 9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Choroideremia:



Diseases related to Choroideremia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Choroideremia

Human phenotypes related to Choroideremia:

60 33 (show all 12)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 abnormality of retinal pigmentation 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0007703
2 abnormal electroretinogram 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000512
3 myopia 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000545
4 nyctalopia 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000662
5 progressive visual loss 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000529
6 visual impairment 60 Very frequent (99-80%)
7 abnormality of the eye 60 Very frequent (99-80%)
8 abnormality of vision 60 Very frequent (99-80%)
9 constriction of peripheral visual field 33 HP:0001133
10 choroideremia 33 HP:0001139
11 chorioretinal atrophy 33 HP:0000533
12 chorioretinal degeneration 33 HP:0200065

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

58
Head And Neck Eyes:
night blindness (occurs first)
constricted visual fields (occurs second)
reduced central vision (occurs last)
atrophy around the optic disc (in carrier females)
irregular pigmentation of fundus (in carrier females)
more

Clinical features from OMIM:

303100

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Choroideremia:

47
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 pigmentation MP:0001186 8.92 CHM RAB27A RABGGTA SERPINF1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Choroideremia

Drugs for Choroideremia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 12)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Simvastatin Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 79902-63-9 54454
2 Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors Phase 1, Phase 2
3 Hypolipidemic Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
4 Anticholesteremic Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
5 Antimetabolites Phase 1, Phase 2
6 Lipid Regulating Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
7
Pyridoxine Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved 65-23-6 1054
8
Pyridoxal Phosphate Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical 54-47-7 1051
9
Ornithine Approved, Nutraceutical 70-26-8, 3184-13-2 6262
10 Vitamin B 6
11 arginine
12
Pyridoxal Experimental, Nutraceutical 66-72-8 1050

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 23)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Efficacy and Safety of AAV2-REP1 for the Treatment of Choroideremia Recruiting NCT03496012 Phase 3
2 Choroideremia Gene Therapy Clinical Trial Completed NCT02553135 Phase 2
3 An Open Label Clinical Trial of Retinal Gene Therapy for Choroideremia Completed NCT02077361 Phase 1, Phase 2
4 Gene Therapy for Blindness Caused by Choroideremia Completed NCT01461213 Phase 1, Phase 2 rAAV2.REP1
5 A Study of Encapsulated Cell Technology (ECT) Implant for Patients With Late Stage Retinitis Pigmentosa Completed NCT00447993 Phase 2 NT-501;NT-501
6 A Study of Encapsulated Cell Technology (ECT) Implant for Participants With Early Stage Retinitis Pigmentosa Completed NCT00447980 Phase 2 NT-501;NT-501
7 REP1 Gene Replacement Therapy for Choroideremia Recruiting NCT02407678 Phase 2
8 A Safety Study of Retinal Gene Therapy for Choroideremia Recruiting NCT03507686 Phase 2 AAV2-REP1
9 THOR - Tübingen Choroideremia Gene Therapy Trial Active, not recruiting NCT02671539 Phase 2
10 Safety and Dose Escalation Study of AAV2-hCHM in Subjects With CHM (Choroideremia) Gene Mutations Active, not recruiting NCT02341807 Phase 1, Phase 2
11 The Short-term Effects of Simvastatin on the Vision of Males Affected by Choroideremia Terminated NCT01654562 Phase 1, Phase 2 Simvastatin
12 IRIS PILOT - Extended Pilot Study With a Retinal Implant System Unknown status NCT00427180 Not Applicable
13 Pilot Study of a Suprachoroidal Retinal Prosthesis Completed NCT01603576 Not Applicable
14 Restoring Vision With the Intelligent Retinal Implant System (IRIS V1)in Patients With Retinal Dystrophy Completed NCT01864486 Not Applicable
15 Gyrate Atrophy of the Choroid and Retina Completed NCT00001166
16 Natural History of the Progression of Choroideremia Study Recruiting NCT03359551
17 High Resolution Retinal Imaging Recruiting NCT01866371
18 Inherited Retinal Degenerative Disease Registry Recruiting NCT02435940
19 "Natural History" Study of Choroideremia Active, not recruiting NCT02994368
20 Compensation for Blindness With the Intelligent Retinal Implant System (IRIS V2) in Patients With Retinal Dystrophy Active, not recruiting NCT02670980 Not Applicable
21 Long-term Safety and Efficacy Follow-up of AAV2-REP1 for the Treatment of Choroideremia (SOLSTICE) Enrolling by invitation NCT03584165
22 Study of a Suprachoroidal Retinal Prosthesis Enrolling by invitation NCT03406416 Not Applicable
23 Impact on Daily Life of Patients Using the Subretinal Implant RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS Terminated NCT03561922 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Choroideremia

Cochrane evidence based reviews: choroideremia

Genetic Tests for Choroideremia

Genetic tests related to Choroideremia:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Choroideremia 30 CHM

Anatomical Context for Choroideremia

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Choroideremia:

42
Eye, Retina, Testes, Pituitary, Brain, Bone, Lung

Publications for Choroideremia

Articles related to Choroideremia:

(show top 50) (show all 376)
# Title Authors Year
1
Pathogenicity of novel atypical variants leading to choroideremia as determined by functional analyses. ( 30341801 )
2019
2
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay efficiency varies in choroideremia providing a target to boost small molecule therapeutics. ( 30689859 )
2019
3
Atypical choroideremia presenting with early-onset macular atrophy. ( 30690895 )
2019
4
Near-Infrared Autofluorescence in Choroideremia: Anatomic and Functional Correlations. ( 30713139 )
2019
5
High-Resolution Retinal Imaging Reveals Preserved Cone Photoreceptor Density and Choroidal Thickness in Female Carriers of Choroideremia. ( 30768214 )
2019
6
CHM/REP1 Transcript Expression and Loss of Visual Function in Patients Affected by Choroideremia. ( 30995293 )
2019
7
CHOROIDEREMIA: Retinal Degeneration With an Unmet Need. ( 31021898 )
2019
8
A Case Study of Choroideremia and Choroideremia Carrier. ( 31097864 )
2019
9
Insights into Retinal Development Using Live Imaging in Female Carriers of Choroideremia. ( 31100169 )
2019
10
Novel mutation in the choroideremia gene and multi-Mendelian phenotypes in Spanish families. ( 29367200 )
2018
11
Misdiagnosis of X-linked retinitis pigmentosa in a choroideremia patient with heavily pigmented fundi. ( 29377744 )
2018
12
Colour discrimination ellipses in choroideremia. ( 29404760 )
2018
13
Use of induced pluripotent stem cell models to probe the pathogenesis of Choroideremia and to develop a potential treatment. ( 29414605 )
2018
14
VASCULAR ALTERATIONS REVEALED WITH OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY IN PATIENTS WITH CHOROIDEREMIA. ( 29543633 )
2018
15
Molecular genetics ‎characterization and homology modeling of the CHM gene mutation: A study on its association with choroideremia. ( 29555028 )
2018
16
Retinal Degeneration in Choroideremia follows an Exponential Decay Function. ( 29580667 )
2018
17
A frameshift mutation in the CHM gene causes choroideremia with acute angle‑closure glaucoma. ( 29620233 )
2018
18
The Biological Activity of AAV Vectors for Choroideremia Gene Therapy Can Be Measured by In Vitro Prenylation of RAB6A. ( 29707603 )
2018
19
Antisense Oligonucleotide-Based Splice Correction of a Deep-Intronic Mutation in CHM Underlying Choroideremia. ( 29721931 )
2018
20
Swept-Source OCT of a Scleral Tunnel in Choroideremia. ( 29784091 )
2018
21
The effect of PTC124 on choroideremia fibroblasts and iPSC-derived RPE raises considerations for therapy. ( 29844446 )
2018
22
In silico data analyses of the hotspot mutations of CHM gene in choroideremia disease. ( 29900297 )
2018
23
Choroideremia: molecular mechanisms and development of AAV gene therapy. ( 29932012 )
2018
24
Two-Year Results After AAV2-Mediated Gene Therapy for Choroideremia: The Alberta Experience. ( 29940166 )
2018
25
Comparing Clinical Perimetry and Population Receptive Field Measures in Patients with Choroideremia. ( 29971442 )
2018
26
Choroideremia in a Woman With Turner Syndrome. ( 29978195 )
2018
27
Crystals and Fatty Acid Abnormalities Are Not Present in Circulating Cells From Choroideremia Patients. ( 30193321 )
2018
28
Choroideremia Gene Therapy Phase 2 Clinical Trial: 24-Month Results. ( 30240725 )
2018
29
Macular spatial distribution of preserved autofluorescence in patients with choroideremia. ( 30297337 )
2018
30
Beneficial effects on vision in patients undergoing retinal gene therapy for choroideremia. ( 30297895 )
2018
31
CHANGES IN RETINAL SENSITIVITY AFTER GENE THERAPY IN CHOROIDEREMIA. ( 30308560 )
2018
32
Multimodal imaging of the carriers of choroideremia and X-linked retinitis pigmentosa. ( 30364247 )
2018
33
Novel CHM mutations in Polish patients with choroideremia - an orphan disease with close perspective of treatment. ( 30541579 )
2018
34
A detailed in vivo analysis of the retinal nerve fibre layer in choroideremia. ( 30575280 )
2018
35
X-linked Choroideremia. ( 30578482 )
2018
36
Choroideremia: from genetic and clinical phenotyping to gene therapy and future treatments. ( 30627697 )
2018
37
Automated detection of preserved photoreceptor on optical coherence tomography in choroideremia based on machine learning. ( 29341445 )
2018
38
Evaluation of amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) technique for quick and accurate prenatal gene diagnosis of CHM variant in choroideremia. ( 29296092 )
2018
39
Retinal Gene Therapy for Choroideremia: In Vitro Testing for Gene Augmentation Using an Adeno-Associated Viral (AAV) Vector. ( 29188508 )
2018
40
SCLERAL PITS IN CHOROIDEREMIA: Implications for Retinal Gene Therapy. ( 29160785 )
2018
41
Identifying characteristic features of the retinal and choroidal vasculature in choroideremia using optical coherence tomography angiography. ( 29148533 )
2018
42
CHOROIDEREMIA ASSOCIATED WITH A NOVEL SYNONYMOUS MUTATION IN GENE ENCODING REP-1. ( 29045269 )
2018
43
LONG-TERM FOLLOW-UP OF PATIENTS WITH CHOROIDEREMIA WITH SCLERAL PITS AND TUNNELS AS A NOVEL OBSERVATION. ( 28937528 )
2018
44
THE NATURAL HISTORY OF FULL-FIELD STIMULUS THRESHOLD DECLINE IN CHOROIDEREMIA. ( 28800019 )
2018
45
Novel non-contiguous exon duplication in choroideremia. ( 28369842 )
2018
46
Ocular gene therapy for choroideremia: clinical trials and future perspectives. ( 31105764 )
2018
47
CHM-1, a novel microtubule-destabilizing agent exhibits antitumor activity via inducing the expression of SIRT2 in human breast cancer cells. ( 29679549 )
2018
48
Are Michigan State University medical school (MSU-CHM) alumni more likely to practice in the region of their graduate medical education primary care program compared to non-MSU-CHM alumni? ( 29793474 )
2018
49
A novel homozygous CYP4V2 variant (p.S121Y) associated with a choroideremia-like phenotype. ( 27348340 )
2017
50
Characterizing the Natural History of Visual Function in Choroideremia Using Microperimetry and Multimodal Retinal Imaging. ( 29084330 )
2017

Variations for Choroideremia

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Choroideremia:

76
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 CHM p.Gln471Leu VAR_008273
2 CHM p.His507Arg VAR_066847 rs397514603
3 CHM p.Leu550Pro VAR_066848

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Choroideremia:

6 (show all 30)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1358_1359delCCinsGA (p.Ser453Ter) indel Pathogenic rs132630263 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85155705: 85155706
2 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1358_1359delCCinsGA (p.Ser453Ter) indel Pathogenic rs132630263 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85900700: 85900701
3 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1484C> A (p.Ser495Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs132630264 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85149219: 85149219
4 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1484C> A (p.Ser495Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs132630264 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85894214: 85894214
5 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1471G> T (p.Glu491Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs132630265 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85149232: 85149232
6 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1471G> T (p.Glu491Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs132630265 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85894227: 85894227
7 CHM CHM, 1-BP DEL, GGA146GA, FS159TER deletion Pathogenic
8 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1584_1587del (p.Val529Hisfs) deletion Pathogenic rs587776746 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85133992: 85133995
9 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1584_1587del (p.Val529Hisfs) deletion Pathogenic rs587776746 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85878987: 85878990
10 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1497C> A (p.Cys499Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs132630267 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85149206: 85149206
11 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1497C> A (p.Cys499Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs132630267 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85894201: 85894201
12 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.877C> T (p.Arg293Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs132630266 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85212923: 85212923
13 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.877C> T (p.Arg293Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs132630266 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85957918: 85957918
14 CHM CHM, L1 INS insertion Pathogenic
15 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1520A> G (p.His507Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs397514603 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85134059: 85134059
16 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1520A> G (p.His507Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs397514603 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85879054: 85879054
17 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1609+2dupT duplication Pathogenic rs386833676 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85133968: 85133968
18 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1609+2dupT duplication Pathogenic rs386833676 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85878963: 85878963
19 CHM NM_000390.2(CHM): c.808C> T (p.Arg270Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs527236048 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85213877: 85213877
20 CHM NM_000390.2(CHM): c.808C> T (p.Arg270Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs527236048 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85958872: 85958872
21 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.116+1G> A single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs786204761 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85282494: 85282494
22 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.116+1G> A single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs786204761 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 86027490: 86027490
23 CHM NM_000390.4(CHM): c.715C> T (p.Arg239Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs776256380 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85213970: 85213970
24 CHM NM_000390.4(CHM): c.715C> T (p.Arg239Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs776256380 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85958965: 85958965
25 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.189+5A> G single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs757833413 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85236736: 85236736
26 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.189+5A> G single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs757833413 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85981732: 85981732
27 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1A> G (p.Met1Val) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs1057516265 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 86047532: 86047532
28 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.1A> G (p.Met1Val) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs1057516265 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85302536: 85302536
29 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.280delA (p.Thr94Leufs) deletion Pathogenic rs1555958073 GRCh38 Chromosome X, 85978801: 85978801
30 CHM NM_000390.3(CHM): c.280delA (p.Thr94Leufs) deletion Pathogenic rs1555958073 GRCh37 Chromosome X, 85233805: 85233805

Copy number variations for Choroideremia from CNVD:

7
# CNVD ID Chromosom Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
1 265570 X 84500000 86200000 Deletion REP-1 Choroideremia

Expression for Choroideremia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Choroideremia.

Pathways for Choroideremia

Pathways related to Choroideremia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.22 ARSA CHM CHML RAB27A RAB7A RABGGTA
2
Show member pathways
12.76 AGFG1 CHM CHML RAB27A RAB7A
3 11.21 CHM CHML RAB27A RAB7A
4 10.83 CHM CHML RAB27A RAB7A RABGGTA
5 10.23 RAB27A RAB7A

GO Terms for Choroideremia

Cellular components related to Choroideremia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 lysosome GO:0005764 9.33 ARSA RAB27A RAB7A
2 melanosome GO:0042470 9.32 RAB27A SERPINF1
3 secretory granule membrane GO:0030667 9.26 RAB27A RAB7A
4 melanosome membrane GO:0033162 8.96 RAB27A RAB7A
5 Rab-protein geranylgeranyltransferase complex GO:0005968 8.8 CHM CHML RABGGTA

Biological processes related to Choroideremia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 neutrophil degranulation GO:0043312 9.61 ARSA RAB27A RAB7A
2 positive regulation of GTPase activity GO:0043547 9.5 AGFG1 CHM CHML
3 post-translational protein modification GO:0043687 9.43 CHM CHML RABGGTA
4 regulation of catalytic activity GO:0050790 9.4 CHM CHML
5 Rab protein signal transduction GO:0032482 9.37 RAB27A RAB7A
6 visual perception GO:0007601 9.33 CHM CYP4V2 RABGGTA
7 intracellular protein transport GO:0006886 9.26 CHM CHML RAB27A RAB7A
8 protein geranylgeranylation GO:0018344 8.8 CHM CHML RABGGTA

Molecular functions related to Choroideremia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 GTPase activator activity GO:0005096 9.43 AGFG1 CHM CHML
2 Rab GTPase binding GO:0017137 9.33 CHM CHML RABGGTA
3 GDP binding GO:0019003 9.32 RAB27A RAB7A
4 GDP-dissociation inhibitor activity GO:0005092 8.96 CHM CHML
5 Rab geranylgeranyltransferase activity GO:0004663 8.62 CHM RABGGTA

Sources for Choroideremia

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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