Chronic Pain

Categories: Cancer diseases, Mental diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Chronic Pain

MalaCards integrated aliases for Chronic Pain:

Name: Chronic Pain 53 29 6 42
Pain - Chronic 53


Summaries for Chronic Pain

NINDS : 53 While acute pain is a normal sensation triggered in the nervous system to alert you to possible injury and the need to take care of yourself, chronic pain is different. Chronic pain persists. Pain signals keep firing in the nervous system for weeks, months, even years. There may have been an initial mishap -- sprained back, serious infection, or there may be an ongoing cause of pain -- arthritis, cancer, ear infection, but some people suffer chronic pain in the absence of any past injury or evidence of body damage. Many chronic pain conditions affect older adults. Common chronic pain complaints include headache, low back pain, cancer pain, arthritis pain, neurogenic pain (pain resulting from damage to the peripheral nerves or to the central nervous system itself), psychogenic pain (pain not due to past disease or injury or any visible sign of damage inside or outside the nervous system).  A person may have two or more co-existing chronic pain conditions.  Such conditions can include chronic fatigue syndrome, endometriosis, fibromyalgia, inflammatory bowel disease, interstitial cystitis, temporomandibular joint dysfunction, and vulvodynia.  It is not known whether these disorders share a common cause.

MalaCards based summary : Chronic Pain, also known as pain - chronic, is related to fibromyalgia and opioid addiction. An important gene associated with Chronic Pain is USH2A (Usherin), and among its related pathways/superpathways are GABAergic synapse and Neuroscience. The drugs Dinoprostone and Methadone have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include spinal cord, cortex and dorsal root ganglion, and related phenotypes are integument and nervous system

MedlinePlus : 42 Pain is a signal in your nervous system that something may be wrong. It is an unpleasant feeling, such as a prick, tingle, sting, burn, or ache. Pain may be sharp or dull. You may feel pain in one area of your body, or all over. There are two types: acute pain and chronic pain. Acute pain lets you know that you may be injured or a have problem you need to take care of. Chronic pain is different. The pain may last for weeks, months, or even years. The original cause may have been an injury or infection. There may be an ongoing cause of pain, such as arthritis or cancer. In some cases there is no clear cause. Environmental and psychological factors can make chronic pain worse. Many older adults have chronic pain. Women also report having more chronic pain than men, and they are at a greater risk for many pain conditions. Some people have two or more chronic pain conditions. Chronic pain is not always curable, but treatments can help. There are drug treatments, including pain relievers. There are also non-drug treatments, such as acupuncture, physical therapy, and sometimes surgery. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Wikipedia : 74 Chronic pain is pain that lasts a long time. In medicine, the distinction between acute and chronic pain... more...

Related Diseases for Chronic Pain

Diseases in the Chronic Pain family:

Paine Syndrome Central Pain Syndrome

Diseases related to Chronic Pain via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 586)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 fibromyalgia 31.7 PNOC OPRM1 IL10 COMT
2 opioid addiction 31.5 PNOC OPRM1 COMT
3 chronic fatigue syndrome 31.4 P2RX4 IL10 COMT
4 substance abuse 31.1 OPRM1 COMT CNR1
5 paine syndrome 31.1 PNOC P2RX4 P2RX3 OPRM1 COMT
6 opioid abuse 30.9 PNOC OPRM1
7 constipation 30.9 PTGS2 OPRM1 CNR1
8 drug dependence 30.3 PNOC OPRM1 CNR1
9 somatoform disorder 30.3 P2RX3 OPRM1 COMT
10 anxiety 30.2 USH2A PNOC OPRM1 COMT CNR1
11 eating disorder 30.2 OPRM1 COMT CNR1
12 alcohol dependence 30.1 PNOC OPRM1 COMT CNR1
13 cannabis dependence 30.1 COMT CNR1
14 pain agnosia 30.1 PTGS2 PNOC P2RX3 OPRM1 COMT CNR1
15 withdrawal disorder 30.0 PNOC OPRM1 CNR1
16 cannabis abuse 30.0 COMT CNR1
17 substance dependence 29.9 OPRM1 IL10 COMT CNR1
18 polysubstance abuse 29.8 COMT CNR1
19 autonomic dysfunction 29.8 USH2A CPT2
20 arthritis 29.8 PTGS2 OPRM1 IL10 CPT2
21 body mass index quantitative trait locus 11 29.7 PTGS2 IL10 CPT2 COMT CNR1
22 morphine dependence 29.7 PTGS2 OPRM1
23 heroin dependence 29.5 OPRM1 COMT
24 neonatal abstinence syndrome 29.5 PNOC OPRM1 COMT
25 dysautonomia 29.4 USH2A CPT2
26 migraine with or without aura 1 29.2 PTGS2 PNOC P2RX4 P2RX3 OPRM1 IL10
27 disease of mental health 28.9 PTGS2 PNOC P2RX4 P2RX3 OPRM1 IL10
28 schizophrenia 28.7 PTGS2 PNOC OPRM1 IL10 COMT CNR1
29 complex regional pain syndrome 11.2
30 hidradenitis suppurativa 11.1
31 trigeminal neuralgia 11.1
32 melorheostosis 11.0
33 headache 11.0
34 ehlers-danlos syndrome 11.0
35 interstitial cystitis 11.0
36 sickle cell disease 11.0
37 amyotrophy, hereditary neuralgic 11.0
38 corticosteroid-binding globulin deficiency 11.0
39 reflex sympathetic dystrophy 10.9
40 myofascial pain syndrome 10.9
41 rheumatoid arthritis 10.9
42 back pain 10.9
43 causalgia 10.9
44 osteoporosis 10.9
45 occipital neuralgia 10.9
46 stiff-person syndrome 10.8
47 cauda equina syndrome 10.8
48 exostosis 10.8
49 medullary sponge kidney 10.8
50 adiposis dolorosa 10.8

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Chronic Pain:

Diseases related to Chronic Pain

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Chronic Pain

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Chronic Pain:

# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 integument MP:0010771 9.5 CACNA1B CNR1 IL10 OPRM1 P2RX3 PNOC
2 nervous system MP:0003631 9.28 CACNA1B CNR1 COMT IL10 OPRM1 P2RX3

Drugs & Therapeutics for Chronic Pain

Drugs for Chronic Pain (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 376)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Dinoprostone Approved Phase 4 363-24-6 5280360
Methadone Approved Phase 4 76-99-3 4095
Amitriptyline Approved Phase 4 50-48-6 2160
Perphenazine Approved Phase 4 58-39-9 4748
Remifentanil Approved Phase 4 132875-61-7 60815
Hydrocodone Approved, Illicit, Investigational Phase 4 125-29-1 5284569
Etoricoxib Approved, Investigational Phase 4 202409-33-4 123619
Amphetamine Approved, Illicit, Investigational Phase 4 300-62-9 5826 3007
Phenobarbital Approved, Investigational Phase 4 50-06-6 4763
Propofol Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 2078-54-8 4943
Flunarizine Approved Phase 4 52468-60-7 941361
Omeprazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 73590-58-6 4594
Milnacipran Approved, Investigational Phase 4 92623-85-3 65833
Levomilnacipran Approved, Investigational Phase 4 96847-54-0
Levodopa Approved Phase 4 59-92-7 6047
Carbidopa Approved Phase 4 28860-95-9 34359
Sevoflurane Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 28523-86-6 5206
Ondansetron Approved Phase 4 99614-02-5 4595
Fentanyl Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 437-38-7 3345
Oxytocin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-56-6 439302 53477758
Ropivacaine Approved Phase 4 84057-95-4 71273 175805
Ketorolac Approved Phase 4 74103-06-3, 66635-83-4 3826
Dexamethasone acetate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 1177-87-3
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-02-2 5743
Desipramine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 50-47-5 2995
Triamcinolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 124-94-7 31307
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-24-8 5755
28 Prednisolone acetate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 52-21-1
Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate Approved Phase 4 2921-57-5
Prednisolone phosphate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 302-25-0
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 83-43-2 6741
Phenol Approved, Experimental Phase 4 108-95-2 996
Hyaluronic acid Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 9004-61-9 53477741
Ethinyl Estradiol Approved Phase 4 57-63-6 5991
Estradiol Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-28-2 5757
Polyestradiol phosphate Approved Phase 4 28014-46-2
Dexmedetomidine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 113775-47-6 68602 5311068
Sufentanil Approved, Investigational Phase 4 56030-54-7 41693
Guanfacine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 29110-47-2 3519
Iodine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 7553-56-2 807
Palonosetron Approved, Investigational Phase 4 135729-56-5, 119904-90-4 148211
Ferrous fumarate Approved Phase 4 141-01-5
Norethindrone Approved Phase 4 68-22-4 6230
Methocarbamol Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 532-03-6 4107
Buprenorphine Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 52485-79-7 40400 644073
Ibuprofen Approved Phase 4 15687-27-1 3672
Opium Approved, Illicit Phase 4 8008-60-4
Benzyl alcohol Approved Phase 4 100-51-6 244
Dopamine Approved Phase 4 51-61-6, 62-31-7 681
Oxymorphone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 76-41-5 5284604

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 1860)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Efficacy and Safety of Dexamethasone Versus Betamethasone Epidural Caudal Administration for Treatment of Lumbosacral Radiculalgia: Randomized Clinical Trial Unknown status NCT02833116 Phase 4 Betamethasone;Dexamethasone
2 The Impact of Perioperative Gabapentin on Chronic Groin Pain After Inguinal Hernia Repair Unknown status NCT02419443 Phase 4 Gabapentin;Placebo
3 The Role of Intra-operative Lidocaine Infusion in Preventing Chronic Post Surgical Pain After Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Unknown status NCT02862769 Phase 4 Lidocaine;Saline
4 Investigating the Effect of Intra-operative Infiltration With Local Anaesthesia on the Development of Chronic Postoperative Pain After Inguinal Hernia Repair. A Randomized Placebo Controlled Triple Blinded and Group Sequential Study Design Unknown status NCT00484731 Phase 4
5 Safety and Efficacy of Medical Cannabis Oil in the Treatment of Patients With Chronic Pain: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study, Followed by an Open-Label Extension Phase Unknown status NCT03337503 Phase 4 THC and CDB in a 1 to 1 ratio;Experimental: THC and CBD in a 1 to 2 ratio;High CBD with trace THC oil
6 Effect of Ketalar to Prevent Postoperative Chronic Pain After Mastectomy Unknown status NCT00129597 Phase 4 ketalar
7 Investigator Initiated Trial- Management of Chronic Pain in Military Patients With Injuries Sustained During Active Duty. Comparison of Spinal Cord Stimulation and Comprehensive Medical Management Unknown status NCT01616342 Phase 4
8 Brain Mechanisms For Clinical Placebo in Chronic Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial of Placebo, Active Treatment, and No Treatment in Chronic Back Pain Unknown status NCT02986334 Phase 4 Naproxen;Omeprazole;Placebo
9 Hyperalgesia, Persistent Pain, and Fentanyl Dosing in On-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Unknown status NCT03450161 Phase 4 Fentanyl dosing schemes
10 The Immune and Clinical Impacts of Vitamin D in Patients With Chronic Musculo-skeletal Pain Unknown status NCT01417923 Phase 4 vitamin D
11 Levobupivacaine Prolonged Wound Infusion for Postoperative Pain Relief After Breast Surgery Unknown status NCT02035904 Phase 4 Levobupivacaine PCIA (Patient Controlled Intrawound Analgesia);saline;Levobupivacaine continuous infusion;morphine;Patrol
12 Low Dose Intraoperative Intravenous Ketamine in Combination With Multilevel Paravertebral Block for Post Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery Pain: a Randomized Study Unknown status NCT03280017 Phase 4 Ketamine;Normal saline
13 Development and Evaluation of a Methadone Protocol for Severe Chronic Pain Management Completed NCT02335398 Phase 4 Methadone
14 Phase 4 Study of Prevention of Persistent Postsurgical Pain After Thoracotomy Using Ketamine Completed NCT01243801 Phase 4 Ketamine
15 Early and Late Results of Transinguinal Preperitoneal Patch Repair Versus Anterior Pre-Trasversalis Mesh Repair. A Randomised Study Completed NCT01350830 Phase 4
16 Octad Study: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Octopolar Lead in Patients With Failed Back Surgery Syndrome With Low Back and/or Leg Pain During a One Year Follow-up Period Completed NCT01096147 Phase 4
17 Multicentre Study To Evaluate Efficacy And Safety Of Buprenorphine Transdermal Patch (Norspan) In Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Of Moderate To Severe Intensity Due To Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lower Back Pain And Joint / Muscle Pain, When Opioid Is Needed For Analgesia Completed NCT01961271 Phase 4 Buprenorphine transdermal patch
18 Effect of Nicotine on Chronic Pelvic Pain Completed NCT00440505 Phase 4 Placebo;Nicotine (5 mg);Nicotine (10 mg)
19 A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Buprenorphine and Methadone for Treatment in Opioid Dependent Chronic Back Pain Patients Completed NCT01559454 Phase 4 Methadone;Buprenorphine/naloxone
20 Effect of Extended-release Oxymorphone Hydrochloride (Opana® ER), Taken Fasting Versus With Food, on Cognitive Functioning in Opioid-tolerant Subjects: a Randomized, Single-blinded, Cross-over Study Completed NCT00930943 Phase 4 Oxymorphone ER (Opana ER)
21 A Randomised Placebo-controlled Trail of Mechanical and Cold Hyperalgesia in Subjects With Painful Knee Osteoarthritis, Compared With Matched Controls, & Whether This Hyperalgesia Can be Modified by a 2-week Course of Etoricoxib 60mg. Completed NCT00927004 Phase 4 Etoricoxib (Arcoxia);Sugar pill
22 Management of Chronic Pain in Rehabilitation Project I - Management of Chronic Pain in Persons With Spinal Cord Injury Completed NCT00006428 Phase 4 Amitriptyline
23 Management of Chronic Pain in Rehabilitation Project II Management of Chronic Pain in Persons With Amputation Completed NCT00006427 Phase 4 Amitriptyline
24 Investigation of the Use of Remote Presence Robots in the Administration of Neuromodulation Treatment Completed NCT01283633 Phase 4
25 Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Conservative Therapies for the Alleviation of Knee Pain in Knee Osteoarthritis Completed NCT02320500 Phase 4
26 A Randomised Clinical Trial Evaluating the Effect of Remifentanil vs Fentanyl During Cardiac Surgery on the Incidence of Chronic Thoracic Pain Completed NCT02031016 Phase 4 Fentanyl;Remifentanil;Fentanyl
27 N-of-1 Randomised Trials to Assess the Efficacy of Ultra-micronized Palmitoylethanolamide (Um-PEA) in Geriatric Patients With Chronic Pain Completed NCT02699281 Phase 4 ultra-micronized palmitoylethanolamide;Placebo
28 A CTSC Clinical Research Center Study: A Comparison of the Addiction Liability of Hydrocodone and Sustained Release Morphine Completed NCT00314340 Phase 4 ER Morphine;hydrocodone plus acetaminophen;placebo
29 Intra-Articular 0.5 % Lidocaine Injection Under Ultrasound Guidance in Chronic Knee Pain Due To Osteoarthritis Completed NCT02632565 Phase 4 Lidocaine;Saline
30 A Comparison of the Efficacy of High Intensity Laser and Ultrasound Therapies in Patients With Chronic Shoulder Pain: A Randomized Controlled Single Blind Study Completed NCT02793401 Phase 4
31 Effectiveness of the Precision Spinal Cord Stimulation System in Patients With Failed Back Surgery Syndrome and Axial Low Back Pain Completed NCT00205868 Phase 4
32 Evaluation Study of Efficacy and Safety of TTS-Fentanyl in Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Completed NCT01816243 Phase 4 TTS-Fentanyl;Morphine
33 Observational Registry: The Effectiveness of Pain Management Using the ARCHIMEDES® Implantable Constant-Flow Infusion Pump System for Intrathecal Delivery Completed NCT00196053 Phase 4
34 Effects of Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain and Opioidergic Versus Placebo Interventions on Neuroendocrine Function in Men Completed NCT00737737 Phase 4 MS Contin;Placebo
35 Neurologic Signatures of Chronic Pain Disorders Completed NCT02747940 Phase 4 flunarizine and/or pregabalin
36 An Interventional Study to Compare the Efficacy and Tolerability of Current and Slow Titration With Targin® in the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Non-malignant Chronic Pain (GLORY) Completed NCT01811186 Phase 4 Oxycodone/naloxone
37 A Prospective, Randomized, Double Blinded, Placebo Controlled Pilot Study Assessing the Effect of Perioperative Pregabalin on the Incidence of Chronic Post Thoracotomy Pain Syndrome Completed NCT00663962 Phase 4 Pregabalin;Placebo
38 Evaluating the Pharmacokinetic Profile of Hydromorphone in Chronic Pain Patients Taking Hydrocodone/APAP Completed NCT01517295 Phase 4 Hydrocodone
39 Effects of Intramuscular Oxytocin on Sensory Function in Healthy Volunteers With Ultraviolet Burn Injury to the Skin Completed NCT03935399 Phase 4 Oxytocin
40 Evaluation in Efficacy and Safety of Fentanyl-TTS (Durogesic® D-Trans) for Treatment of Chronic Pain Completed NCT01902524 Phase 4 Fentanyl-TTS
41 Single Blinded, Randomized Control Trial of High Frequency Stimulation in Subjects With Precision® Spinal Cord Stimulator System to Assess Efficacy and Preferability in Back and Extremity Pain Relief Completed NCT02265848 Phase 4
42 Effects of Amitriptyline on Central Pain Processing in Healthy Volunteers Depending on CYP Pharmacogenetics Completed NCT02256943 Phase 4 Amitriptyline;Tolterodine
43 Pilot Study: Extended Regional Anesthesia to Prevent Chronic Pain After Ankle Fracture Surgery Completed NCT02950558 Phase 4 Ropivacaine
44 A Comparison of Morphine and Morphine Plus Dexmedetomidine in Chronic Cancer Pain Completed NCT02289261 Phase 4 Morphine;Morphine plus dexmedetomidine
45 Effects of Amitriptyline on Central Pain Processing in Healthy Volunteers Depending on CYP Pharmacogenetics Completed NCT02256956 Phase 4 Amitriptyline;Tolterodine
46 Pharmacokinetics of Intravenous Oxytocin and Effects on Sensory Function in Healthy Volunteers Completed NCT03929367 Phase 4 Oxytocin
47 Benefit of Laparoscopic Adhesiolysis Completed NCT02839564 Phase 4
48 Liposomal Bupivacaine Versus Bupivacaine With Fascia Iliaca Blockade for Perioperative Pain Management During Hip Arthroscopy: A Double-Blinded Prospective Randomized Control Trial Completed NCT02947178 Phase 4 Bupivacaine;Liposomal Bupivacaine
49 A Comparison Between the Effects of Perioperative Intravenous Lidocaine and Ketamine on Acute and Chronic Pain After Open Nephrectomy: A Prospective, Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Study Completed NCT02653651 Phase 4 Ketamine;Lidocaine;Placebo
50 Corticostriatal Plasticity in the Transition to Chronic Pain: Effect of L-dopa Completed NCT01951105 Phase 4 Naproxen;Carbidopa/Levodopa;Placebo

Search NIH Clinical Center for Chronic Pain

Genetic Tests for Chronic Pain

Genetic tests related to Chronic Pain:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Chronic Pain 29

Anatomical Context for Chronic Pain

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Chronic Pain:

Spinal Cord, Cortex, Dorsal Root Ganglion, Brain, Cingulate Cortex, Eye, Amygdala

Publications for Chronic Pain

Articles related to Chronic Pain:

(show top 50) (show all 30534)
# Title Authors PMID Year
Effects of Baduanjin on patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: A randomized controlled trial. 42
33530252 2021
The role of regional anaesthesia and multimodal analgesia in the prevention of chronic postoperative pain: a narrative review. 42
33426669 2021
Minimally Invasive Treatment for Degenerative Lumbar Spine. 42
33308584 2020
Epigenetic control of ion channel expression and cell-specific splicing in nociceptors: Chronic pain mechanisms and potential therapeutic targets. 61
33323031 2021
Spinal AMPA receptors: Amenable players in central sensitization for chronic pain therapy? 61
33565904 2021
Functional modulation of the human voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.8 by auxiliary β subunits. 61
33315536 2021
Changes in peripheral HCN2 channels during persistent inflammation. 61
33423595 2021
Cortical plasticity and nerve regeneration after peripheral nerve injury. 61
33433465 2021
Blood pressure as a predictor of everyday cognitive function in aging adults with and without fibromyalgia. 61
32339069 2021
A measure of expectancies for alcohol analgesia: Preliminary factor analysis, reliability, and validity. 61
33460990 2021
Intrathecal injection of ozone alleviates CCI‑induced neuropathic pain via the GluR6‑NF‑κB/p65 signalling pathway in rats. 61
33537798 2021
The µ-δ opioid heteromer masks latent pain sensitization in neuropathic and inflammatory pain in male and female mice. 61
33516809 2021
Development and validation of a daily Injustice Experience Questionnaire. 61
33259677 2021
Patterns of Approach to Activity in 851 Patients With Severe Chronic Pain: Translation and Preliminary Validation of the 9-item Avoidance-Endurance Fast-Screen (AEFS) Into Danish. 61
33399395 2021
Do non-weight-bearing knee radiographs for chronic knee pain result in increased follow-up imaging? 61
32820346 2021
Hindfoot blast injuries caused by improvised explosive devices: long-term functional assessment in French military personnel. 61
32770349 2021
Sex differences and the endocannabinoid system in pain. 61
33444598 2021
Gray Matter Volume Differences Between More Versus Less Resilient Adults with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Voxel-based Morphology Study. 61
33484820 2021
Ketamine's rapid antisuicidal effects are not attenuated by Buprenorphine. 61
33418374 2021
Tolerability and Feasibility of X-ray Guided Non-Invasive Ablation of the Medial Branch Nerve with Focused Ultrasound: Preliminary Proof of Concept in a Pre-clinical Model. 61
33261908 2021
Anesthetic Management of Asleep and Awake Craniotomy for Supratentorial Tumor Resection. 61
33563387 2021
Predictors of chronic pain after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. 61
32988621 2021
Quality of life and functional outcomes with tapentadol prolonged release in chronic musculoskeletal pain: post hoc analysis. 61
33241725 2021
Exploring the emotional experiences of young women with chronic pain: The potential role of self-compassion. 61
30516073 2021
Avoidance behaviour performed in the context of a novel, ambiguous movement increases threat and pain-related fear. 61
32947543 2021
The time course of attentional biases in pain: a meta-analysis of eye-tracking studies. 61
32960534 2021
Experiences and Knowledge of US Department of Veterans Affairs Clinical Services, Research, and Education: Results From a National Survey of Veterans. 61
31592984 2021
Physical Activity as a Predictor of Chronic Pain Following Pediatric Spinal Surgery. 61
33273273 2021
Examination of the clinical factors associated with attendance at emergency departments for chronic pain management and the cost of treatment relative to that of other significant medical conditions. 61
33021568 2021
Preoperative risk factors associated with chronic pain profiles following total knee arthroplasty. 61
33259681 2021
Comments on 'preoperative risk factors associated with chronic pain profiles following total knee arthroplasty' by Lindberg and colleagues. 61
33394554 2021
Patients' perceptions of the pathways linking chronic pain with problematic substance use. 61
32947546 2021
Chronic Pain in Young Athletes: The Impact of Athletic Identity on Pain-related Distress and Functioning. 61
33543871 2021
Virtual reality for intravenous placement in the emergency department-a randomized controlled trial. 61
32779029 2021
Modulation of SI and ACC response to noxious and non-noxious electrical stimuli after the spared nerve injury model of neuropathic pain. 61
33166003 2021
Savor the moment: Willful increase in positive emotion and the persistence of this effect across time. 61
33350475 2021
Spinal Cord Tumor Surgery. 61
33563377 2021
The sociocultural context of pediatric pain: an examination of the portrayal of pain in children's popular media. 61
33259461 2021
The serotonin receptor 2A (HTR2A) rs6313 variant is associated with higher ongoing pain and signs of central sensitization in neuropathic pain patients. 61
33171011 2021
Assessment of ideal ratio of mesh area to number of fixation tacks in laparoscopic ventral and incisional IPOM Plus hernia repair. 61
32166548 2021
Endogenous theta stimulation during meditation predicts reduced opioid dosing following treatment with Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement. 61
32919401 2021
TRPM3 channel activation inhibits contraction of the isolated human ureter via CGRP released from sensory nerves. 61
33417951 2021
The utility of a novel vacuum-assisted foreign body extraction technique from wounds. 61
33313371 2021
Modern Open and Minimally Invasive Stabilization of Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability. 61
33487245 2021
Pain relief and opioid usage in upper limb and neck pain patients after 10-kHz spinal cord stimulation treatment: subanalysis of USA studies. 61
33183130 2021
Psychosocial characteristics of candidates for implantable pain devices: validation of an assessment model. 61
33183132 2021
Comments on Pu et al. (2021), "The effect of a social robot intervention on sleep and motor activity of people living with dementia and chronic pain: A pilot randomized controlled trial". 61
33431197 2021
Alteration of systemic and uterine endometrial immune populations in patients with endometriosis. 61
33070438 2021
A linguistic analysis of future narratives in adolescents with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome and their pain-free peers. 61
33259699 2021
Ignoring space around a painful limb? No evidence for a body-related visuospatial attention bias in complex regional pain syndrome. 61
33494023 2021

Variations for Chronic Pain

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Chronic Pain:

# Gene Name Type Significance ClinVarId dbSNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 CPT2 NM_000098.3(CPT2):c.149C>A (p.Pro50His) SNV Pathogenic 8954 rs28936375 1:53662764-53662764 1:53197092-53197092
2 USH2A NM_007123.5(USH2A):c.2299del (p.Glu767fs) Deletion Pathogenic 2351 rs80338903 1:216420437-216420437 1:216247095-216247095
3 MYH8 NM_002472.3(MYH8):c.5743A>G (p.Ile1915Val) SNV Uncertain significance 598988 rs1216879928 17:10293842-10293842 17:10390525-10390525
4 USH2A-AS2 NM_206933.3(USH2A):c.5003G>T (p.Gly1668Val) SNV Uncertain significance 598989 rs1265349835 1:216258204-216258204 1:216084862-216084862

Expression for Chronic Pain

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Chronic Pain.

Pathways for Chronic Pain

Pathways related to Chronic Pain according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
Show member pathways
3 11.39 PTGS2 OPRM1 IL10
4 10.7 PTGS2 CNR1

GO Terms for Chronic Pain

Cellular components related to Chronic Pain according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 dendrite GO:0030425 9.71 PNOC P2RX4 OPRM1 COMT
2 neuronal cell body GO:0043025 9.62 USH2A PNOC P2RX4 P2RX3
3 dendritic spine GO:0043197 9.54 P2RX4 P2RX3 COMT
4 terminal bouton GO:0043195 9.33 USH2A P2RX4 P2RX3
5 integral component of nuclear inner membrane GO:0005639 9.26 P2RX4 P2RX3
6 integral component of presynaptic membrane GO:0099056 9.13 P2RX3 OPRM1 CNR1
7 axon GO:0030424 9.02 P2RX4 P2RX3 OPRM1 COMT CNR1

Biological processes related to Chronic Pain according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 23)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 aging GO:0007568 9.77 PTGS2 IL10 CNR1
2 calcium ion transmembrane transport GO:0070588 9.73 P2RX4 OPRM1 CACNA1B
3 response to organic substance GO:0010033 9.65 PTGS2 P2RX3 IL10
4 response to radiation GO:0009314 9.61 PTGS2 OPRM1
5 response to morphine GO:0043278 9.61 OPRM1 CNR1
6 neuronal action potential GO:0019228 9.59 P2RX4 P2RX3
7 membrane depolarization GO:0051899 9.58 P2RX4 CACNA1B
8 negative regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process GO:0045019 9.58 OPRM1 IL10
9 excitatory postsynaptic potential GO:0060079 9.58 P2RX4 P2RX3 OPRM1
10 response to ATP GO:0033198 9.57 P2RX4 P2RX3
11 inorganic cation transmembrane transport GO:0098662 9.55 P2RX4 P2RX3
12 positive regulation of calcium-mediated signaling GO:0050850 9.54 P2RX4 P2RX3
13 positive regulation of calcium ion transport into cytosol GO:0010524 9.52 P2RX4 P2RX3
14 sensory perception GO:0007600 9.51 PNOC OPRM1
15 positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process GO:0045429 9.5 PTGS2 P2RX4 OPRM1
16 behavioral response to pain GO:0048266 9.49 P2RX4 P2RX3
17 purinergic nucleotide receptor signaling pathway GO:0035590 9.46 P2RX4 P2RX3
18 positive regulation of sensory perception of pain GO:1904058 9.43 P2RX3 ATPSCKMT
19 regulation of sensory perception of pain GO:0051930 9.43 OPRM1 IL10 COMT
20 positive regulation of fever generation GO:0031622 9.37 PTGS2 CNR1
21 response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0032496 9.35 PTGS2 OPRM1 IL10 COMT CNR1
22 cellular response to ATP GO:0071318 9.33 PTGS2 P2RX4 P2RX3
23 sensory perception of pain GO:0019233 8.92 PTGS2 P2RX4 OPRM1 CNR1

Molecular functions related to Chronic Pain according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 ion channel activity GO:0005216 9.33 P2RX4 P2RX3 CACNA1B
2 extracellularly ATP-gated cation channel activity GO:0004931 8.96 P2RX4 P2RX3
3 purinergic nucleotide receptor activity GO:0001614 8.62 P2RX4 P2RX3

Sources for Chronic Pain

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
37 LifeMap
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 05-Mar-2021)
61 PubMed
70 Tocris
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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