MCID: CHR048
MIFTS: 45

Chronic Rhinitis

Categories: Bone diseases, Respiratory diseases, Smell/Taste diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Chronic Rhinitis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Chronic Rhinitis:

Name: Chronic Rhinitis 12 54 15 71 32
Rhinitis - Chronic 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:8252
ICD9CM 34 472.0
NCIt 49 C34479
SNOMED-CT 67 86094006
ICD10 32 J31.0
UMLS 71 C0008711

Summaries for Chronic Rhinitis

Disease Ontology : 12 A rhinitis which is persistent and long-lasting. It may occur with diseases such as syphilis, tuberculosis, rhinoscleroma, rhinosporidiosis, leishmaniasis, blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and leprosy, all of which are characterized by the formation of inflamed lesions (granulomas) and the destruction of soft tissue, cartilage, and bone. Chronic rhinitis causes nasal obstruction, pus-filled discharge from the nose, and frequent bleeding.

MalaCards based summary : Chronic Rhinitis, also known as rhinitis - chronic, is related to atrophic rhinitis and rhinitis, and has symptoms including rhinorrhea, purulent rhinitis and catarrh. An important gene associated with Chronic Rhinitis is HRH1 (Histamine Receptor H1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Immune response Fc epsilon RI pathway and Allograft rejection. The drugs Histamine and mometasone furoate have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include bone, testes and lung, and related phenotypes are hematopoietic system and immune system

Related Diseases for Chronic Rhinitis

Diseases in the Rhinitis family:

Chronic Rhinitis

Diseases related to Chronic Rhinitis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 168)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 atrophic rhinitis 30.4 RHNO1 KIDINS220
2 rhinitis 30.3 RNASE3 IL5 IL4 IL13 HRH1 EPX
3 maxillary sinusitis 30.3 RNASE3 MPO
4 vasomotor rhinitis 30.1 TAC1 RNASE3 NPS
5 otitis media 29.5 RNASE3 MPO IL5 IL4
6 ige responsiveness, atopic 29.3 RNASE3 MS4A2 IL5 IL4 IL13
7 hypereosinophilic syndrome 29.2 RNASE3 MPO IL5 IL4 IL13 EPX
8 pollen allergy 29.2 RNASE3 MPO IL5 IL13 EPX
9 proteasome-associated autoinflammatory syndrome 1 29.0 RNASE3 MPO IL5 IL4 IL13
10 allergic rhinitis 29.0 RNASE3 MS4A2 MPO IL5 IL4 IL13
11 dermatitis 28.8 RNASE3 IL5 IL4 IL13 HRH1
12 bronchitis 28.8 TAC1 RNASE3 MPO IL5 IL4 IL13
13 common cold 28.7 RNASE3 KIDINS220 IL5 IL4 IL13
14 urticaria 28.6 RNASE3 IL5 IL4 IL13 HRH1
15 lung disease 28.6 RNASE3 MPO IL5 IL4 IL13 EDN1
16 pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive 28.4 TAC1 RNASE3 MPO IL5 IL4 IL13
17 conjunctivitis 28.3 RNASE3 MPO IL5 IL4 IL13 HRH1
18 allergic asthma 28.2 RNASE3 MS4A2 IL5 IL4 IL13 EPX
19 allergic hypersensitivity disease 28.0 RNASE3 MS4A2 IL5 IL4 IL13 HRH1
20 asthma 27.1 TAC1 RNASE3 MS4A2 MPO IL5 IL4
21 dermatitis, atopic 26.6 TAC1 RNASE3 NPS MS4A2 IL5 IL4
22 pharyngitis 10.9
23 eosinophil peroxidase deficiency 10.5 MPO EPX
24 inflammatory bowel disease 4 10.5 RNASE3 EPX
25 nasopharyngitis 10.4
26 loeffler endocarditis 10.4 RNASE3 IL5
27 idiopathic edema 10.4 MPO EDN1
28 multiple cranial nerve palsy 10.4 RHNO1 MPO
29 adhesive otitis media 10.4 RNASE3 MPO
30 chronic maxillary sinusitis 10.4 RNASE3 MPO
31 prurigo nodularis 10.4 TAC1 RNASE3
32 chronic frontal sinusitis 10.4 RHNO1 KIDINS220
33 frontal sinusitis 10.4 RHNO1 KIDINS220
34 appendix lymphoma 10.3 TAC1 MPO
35 chronic ethmoiditis 10.3 RHNO1 KIDINS220
36 pemphigoid gestationis 10.3 RNASE3 IL5
37 collagenous colitis 10.3 RNASE3 MPO EPX
38 proctitis 10.3 RNASE3 MPO EPX
39 disseminated eosinophilic collagen disease 10.3 RNASE3 IL5 EPX
40 aplasia of lacrimal and salivary glands 10.3 TAC1 HRH1
41 toxocariasis 10.3 RNASE3 IL5
42 churg-strauss syndrome 10.3 RNASE3 MPO IL5
43 wells syndrome 10.2 RNASE3 IL5
44 nickel allergic contact dermatitis 10.2 IL5 IL4
45 cytokine deficiency 10.2 IL5 IL13
46 toxic oil syndrome 10.2 IL5 IL4
47 aztreonam allergy 10.2 IL5 IL13
48 ceftriaxone allergy 10.2 IL5 IL13
49 blepharoconjunctivitis 10.2 RNASE3 IL4
50 angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia 10.2 IL5 IL13

Comorbidity relations with Chronic Rhinitis via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):


Anxiety Bronchitis
Esophagitis Heart Disease
Hypertension, Essential

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Chronic Rhinitis:



Diseases related to Chronic Rhinitis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Chronic Rhinitis

UMLS symptoms related to Chronic Rhinitis:


rhinorrhea, purulent rhinitis, catarrh

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Chronic Rhinitis:

45
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 9.65 DNAH5 ECE1 EPX HRH1 IL13 IL4
2 immune system MP:0005387 9.32 DNAH5 ECE1 EPX HRH1 IL13 IL4

Drugs & Therapeutics for Chronic Rhinitis

Drugs for Chronic Rhinitis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 66)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Histamine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 51-45-6 774
2
mometasone furoate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 83919-23-7
3
Azelastine Approved Phase 4 58581-89-8 2267
4 Anti-Asthmatic Agents Phase 4
5 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4
6 Histamine H1 Antagonists, Non-Sedating Phase 4
7
Histamine Phosphate Phase 4 51-74-1 65513
8 Histamine H1 Antagonists Phase 4
9 Histamine Antagonists Phase 4
10 Bronchodilator Agents Phase 4
11 Anti-Allergic Agents Phase 4
12 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 4
13 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 4
14 Olopatadine Hydrochloride Phase 4
15 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 4
16 Analgesics Phase 4
17
Licorice Approved Phase 2, Phase 3
18 Hormone Antagonists Phase 3
19 glucocorticoids Phase 3
20 Hormones Phase 3
21 Antibiotics, Antitubercular Phase 3
22 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 3
23
Beclomethasone Phase 3 4419-39-0 20469
24 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 3
25 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 2, Phase 3
26
Guaifenesin Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 2 93-14-1 3516
27
Chlorpheniramine Approved Phase 2 113-92-8, 132-22-9 2725
28
Theophylline Approved Phase 2 58-55-9 2153
29 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 2
30 Respiratory System Agents Phase 2
31 Autonomic Agents Phase 2
32 Anti-Obesity Agents Phase 2
33 Chlorpheniramine, phenylpropanolamine drug combination Phase 2
34 Appetite Depressants Phase 2
35 Expectorants Phase 2
36 Vasodilator Agents Phase 2
37 Ginkgo Phase 2
38 Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors Phase 2
39
Capsaicin Approved Phase 1 404-86-4 1548943
40 Dermatologic Agents Phase 1
41 Antipruritics Phase 1
42
Epinephrine Approved, Vet_approved 51-43-4 5816
43
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved 137-58-6 3676
44
Racepinephrine Approved 329-65-7 838
45
Ethanol Approved 64-17-5 702
46
Benzyl alcohol Approved 100-51-6 244
47
Nitric Oxide Approved 10102-43-9 145068
48
Levocabastine Approved, Investigational 79516-68-0 54385
49
Budesonide Approved 51333-22-3 63006 5281004
50
Pseudoephedrine Approved 90-82-4 7028

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 35)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Elaboration of Patient-friendly Treatment Strategy With Capsaicin Nasal Spray in Patients With Idiopathic Rhinitis Unknown status NCT02288156 Phase 4 Capsaicin;placebo
2 The Efficacy and Safety of Hyeonggaeyeongyo-tang for Chronic Rhinitis According to Pattern Identification in Korean Medicine Completed NCT02477293 Phase 4 Hyeonggaeyeongyo-tang
3 Study of Asthma and Nasal Steroids for the American Lung Association-Airways Clinical Research Centers Completed NCT01118312 Phase 4 Mometasone Furoate monohydrate
4 Safety and Efficacy of Olopatadine 0.6% and Azelastine 137 Mcg in Vasomotor Rhinitis Completed NCT00979615 Phase 4 Olopatadine HCL (Patanase) Nasal Spray, 0.6%;Azelastine HCl (Astelin) Nasal Spray, 137 mcg
5 Surgical Reduction of the Inferior Turbinate Using a Coblation® Device for Treatment of Nasal Obstruction: A Prospective, Multi-center Clinical Study Terminated NCT00737906 Phase 4
6 Phase III Randomized Open-label Clinical Trial Comparing Cleanoze® Irrigation Device With Powder Preparation Versus Conventional Irrigation Method for Chronic Rhinitis Completed NCT02763241 Phase 3 Cleanoze®;Saline (Syringe irrigation)
7 Multicentre, Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel Group, Placebo-Controlled Study on the Therapeutic Efficacy and Safety of Beclomethasone Dipropionate Suspension for Inhalation 800 µg Twice Daily vs. Placebo Added to Antibiotic Therapy in Patients With Acute Rhinosinusitis Completed NCT01691677 Phase 3 beclomethasone dipropionate 800 mcg/2 ml suspension for nebulization,one administration b.i.d. for 14 days;placebo 2 ml suspension for nebulization, one administration b.i.d. for 14 days
8 Impact of Acupuncture on Vasomotor Rhinitis: a Randomised Placebo Controlled Pilot Study Completed NCT00682162 Phase 3
9 Chia Yi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Not yet recruiting NCT04046393 Phase 2, Phase 3
10 The Effect of Oral Guaifenesin on Pediatric Chronic Rhinitis: A Pilot Study Completed NCT01364467 Phase 2 Placebo;Guaifenesin
11 Effects of Oral Ginkgo Biloba Extract on Pregnancy Complicated by Asymmetrically Intrauterine Growth Restriction: a Double-blinded Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial Completed NCT02425436 Phase 2 Ginkgo Biloba Extract
12 The Effect of Theophylline in Patients With Allergic Rhinitis Completed NCT01132781 Phase 2 Theophylline (Intervention Group);Placebo (Placebo Group)
13 Tolerability of Intranasal Capsaicinoid Spray Recruiting NCT03952845 Phase 1
14 The Clinical Efficacy of Topical Nasal Pomegranate Fruit Extract (PFE) for Patients With Chronic Rhinitis, Chronic Sinusitis With or Without Nasal Polyps Unknown status NCT01564849
15 The Correlation Between Adenoid Hypertrophy and Body Temperature in Children Before and After Adenoidectomy Unknown status NCT02965183
16 Nasal Findings in Reactive Airway Diseases Unknown status NCT03131323
17 A Randomized Double Dummy Double Blind Dose Determining Place-bo Controlled Study to Evaluate Efficacy of Investigational Product E-RH-06 at 2 Dose Levels for the Metabolic Management of Chronic or Recurrent, Non-infective Nasal Congestion With-or-without Rhinorrhea. Unknown status NCT01546662
18 Real-life Management and Therapeutic Outcome of Patients With Chronic Rhinitis and Chronic Urticaria in Thailand Completed NCT02000648
19 Feasibility Study of Multi-Treatment Posterior Nasal Nerve Modulation for Treatment of Chronic Rhinitis Completed NCT03791489
20 Clinical Evaluation of Cryotherapy in the Nasal Passageway Using the ClariFix Device Completed NCT02820597
21 XprESS Device and PathAssist Confirmation Tools in Pediatric Patients-Expanded Indication Study Completed NCT02278484
22 A Randomized Comparison Study of Temperature-controlled and Bipolar Radiofrequency for Inferior Turbinate Reduction in Patients With Chronic Rhinitis Completed NCT01054521
23 Are Technicians Showing Bronchial Hyperreactivity Able to Safely Perform Bronchial Provocation Tests? Completed NCT01937494 histamine-benzylic alcohol (magistral preparation)
24 Evaluation Effects of Nasal Nitric Oxide Measurements Are Associated With Atopy Status in Chronic Nasal Inflammation Completed NCT01295866
25 Seinäjoki Adult Asthma Study: A 12-year Real-life Follow-up Study of New-onset Asthma Diagnosed at Adult Age and Treated in Primary and Specialized Care. Finnish Title: Diagnoosista Hoitotasapainoon: Voidaanko Aikuisen Astman Hoitotasapainoa Ennustaa Diagnoosivaiheen löydösten ja Astman Ilmiasun Perusteella? Completed NCT02733016
26 Phenotyping the Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRD) in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Completed NCT02517983
27 Impact of Age on the Prevalence of Allergic Sensitization Completed NCT02730520
28 ClariFix Rhinitis Randomized Controlled Trial Recruiting NCT04154605
29 Study of Medication for Nonallergic Rhinitis (NAR) Based on Cluster Analysis Recruiting NCT04002349 Budesonide Nasal Spray (Rhinocort, Shanghai Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceuticals, Ltd.);Levocabastine Nasal Spray (Livostine, Shanghai Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceuticals, Ltd.);0.9% natural saline
30 Periostin Levels in Children With Adenoid Hypertrophy Recruiting NCT04152746
31 Clinical Evaluation of Safety and Efficacy for the ClariFix™ Cryotherapy Device in Subjects With Chronic Rhinitis Active, not recruiting NCT03181594
32 Clinical Evaluation of Low Power Radiofrequency Energy Applied to the Posterior Nasal Nerve Area for Symptomatic Relief of Chronic Rhinitis Active, not recruiting NCT03727347
33 A Prospective, Multi-Center Registry of Subjects Treated With the ClariFix Cryotherapy Device Active, not recruiting NCT03739216
34 Oxymetazoline Hydrochloride in Combination With Nasal Glucocorticosteroid for Perennial Allergic and Non-allergic Rhinitis in Subjects With Persistent Nasal Congestion Terminated NCT00584662 Oxymetazoline Hydrochloride
35 Olfactory Training for Olfactory Dysfunction in Chronic Rhinosinusitis Withdrawn NCT03055572

Search NIH Clinical Center for Chronic Rhinitis

Genetic Tests for Chronic Rhinitis

Anatomical Context for Chronic Rhinitis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Chronic Rhinitis:

40
Bone, Testes, Lung, Skin, T Cells, Neutrophil, Thyroid

Publications for Chronic Rhinitis

Articles related to Chronic Rhinitis:

(show top 50) (show all 847)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Further improvement of quality of life by cetirizine in perennial allergic rhinitis as a function of treatment duration. 54 61
10879992 2000
2
Allergic rhinitis in children: effects of flunisolide and disodium cromoglycate on nasal eosinophil cationic protein. 54 61
9088653 1997
3
Chronic Rhinitis in the Cat: An Update. 61
31879130 2020
4
Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Presenting as Chronic Rhinitis. 61
31606393 2020
5
Should Excess Topical Decongestant Use Raise a Red Flag? Rhinitis Medicamentosa and Opioid Use Disorder. 61
31581795 2020
6
Laser ablation of posterior nasal nerves for rhinitis. 61
31948695 2020
7
Current and Future Treatments of Rhinitis and Sinusitis. 61
32004747 2020
8
The Clinical Significance of Nasal Nitric Oxide Concentrations in Preschool Children with Nasal Inflammatory Disease. 61
31752005 2020
9
The impact of comorbidities on severe asthma. 61
31644439 2020
10
Characterization of nasal irrigation flow from a squeeze bottle using computational fluid dynamics. 61
31691535 2020
11
Relation between volume of sphenoid sinuses and protrusion of Vidian nerve: possible applications to Vidian neurectomy. 61
31897657 2020
12
Effect of fluticasone propionate on human nasal fibroblasts exposed to urban particulate matter. 61
31822346 2019
13
The impact of bilateral endoscopic inferior turbinoplasty with or without adenoidectomy on the quality of life of children: a retrospective case series study. 61
31791402 2019
14
Chronic non-allergic rhinitis with neutrophils is associated with higher acid exposure time: A pH-impedance monitoring study. 61
31874835 2019
15
Allergic and Mixed Rhinitis: Diagnosis and Natural Evolution. 61
31752308 2019
16
Updated Understanding of the Degenerative Disc Diseases - Causes versus Effects - Treatments, Studies and Hypothesis. 61
31724500 2019
17
Mometasone furoate is not superior to saline for chronic rhinitis in the elderly. 61
31641400 2019
18
Cryosurgical ablation for treatment of rhinitis: A prospective multicenter study. 61
31566744 2019
19
Volumetric analysis of the cranial and nasal cavity from micro-computed tomography scans in the rabbit. 61
31448808 2019
20
Life-long endogenous estrogen exposure is associated with prevalence of allergic rhinitis in postmenopausal women. 61
30889092 2019
21
Specific immunoglobulin E in nasal secretions for the diagnosis of local allergic rhinitis. 61
31129685 2019
22
[Endoscopic posterior nasal neurectomy]. 61
31439065 2019
23
[The role and research progress of exosomes in chronic inflammatory diseases of airway]. 61
31327215 2019
24
How to Diagnose and Treat Local Allergic Rhinitis: A Challenge for Clinicians. 61
31331047 2019
25
Group 2 Innate Lymphoid Cells in Airway Diseases. 61
31082387 2019
26
[The significance of eosinophils in the correlation of upper and lower airway inflammation in patients with chronic rhinitis]. 61
31262111 2019
27
The prevalence and characteristics of local allergic rhinitis in Poland. 61
30556065 2019
28
The role of nasal cytology in the diagnosis of allergic and non-allergic rhinitis in adult and children. 61
31298361 2019
29
Diagnosis and Treatment of a Swainson's Toucan (Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii) With Rhinosinusitis. 61
31251503 2019
30
Bilateral pararhinotomy with middle meatal antrostomy of the maxillary sinus in a rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) with chronic rhinitis. 61
31067176 2019
31
Mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in a cat with severe chronic rhinosinusitis. 61
31210366 2019
32
Blood eosinophils may predict radiographic sinus opacification in patients with chronic rhinitis. 61
30576087 2019
33
Association between Sleep Duration and Chronic Rhinosinusitis among the Korean General Adult Population: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. 61
31073196 2019
34
Endotypes of chronic rhinitis: A cluster analysis study. 61
30353934 2019
35
[Nasal discharge in dogs - are microbiological and histopathological examinations clinically useful?] 61
31013526 2019
36
[Exogenous lipoid pneumonia induced by long-term usage of compound menthol nasal drops: a case report]. 61
30996383 2019
37
Home environment and diseases in early life are associated with allergic rhinitis. 61
30578996 2019
38
Prevalence of local allergic rhinitis to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus in chronic rhinitis with negative skin prick test. 61
30903999 2019
39
Postoperative infection following strabismus surgery: case series and increased incidence in a single referral center. 61
30611002 2019
40
Differentiating Rhinitis in the Paediatric Population by Giving Focus on Medical History and Clinical Examination. 61
30813653 2019
41
[Features of the sinusitis course in pregnant women]. 61
31486425 2019
42
Predictive and Diagnostic Value of Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis. 61
30612135 2019
43
Vilnius Declaration on chronic respiratory diseases: multisectoral care pathways embedding guided self-management, mHealth and air pollution in chronic respiratory diseases. 61
30705747 2019
44
Relationship between upper airway diseases, exhaled nitric oxide, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine. 61
29432042 2019
45
Novel therapeutic targets for allergic airway disease in children. 61
31391855 2019
46
Minimal clinically important difference for the rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire in allergic rhinitis in Thai population. 61
30740354 2019
47
Long Noncoding RNAs and Messenger RNAs Expression Profiles Potentially Regulated by ZBTB7A in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma. 61
31309112 2019
48
Chronic Rhinitis Is a High-Risk Comorbidity for 30-Day Hospital Readmission of Patients with Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 61
30053594 2019
49
[Peculiarities of the ENT-organ condition in hypothyroidism]. 61
32027329 2019
50
Urine Bacteria-Derived Extracellular Vesicles and Allergic Airway Diseases in Children. 61
30415264 2019

Variations for Chronic Rhinitis

Expression for Chronic Rhinitis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Chronic Rhinitis.

Pathways for Chronic Rhinitis

GO Terms for Chronic Rhinitis

Cellular components related to Chronic Rhinitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.76 TAC1 RNASE3 MPO IL5 IL4 IL13
2 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.32 TAC1 RNASE3 NPS MPO IL5 IL4
3 Weibel-Palade body GO:0033093 8.96 EDN1 ECE1

Biological processes related to Chronic Rhinitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0032496 9.56 TAC1 MPO IL13 EDN1
2 inflammatory response GO:0006954 9.55 TAC1 MS4A2 IL5 IL13 HRH1
3 regulation of vasoconstriction GO:0019229 9.48 EDN1 ECE1
4 positive regulation of renal sodium excretion GO:0035815 9.46 TAC1 EDN1
5 inositol phosphate-mediated signaling GO:0048016 9.43 HRH1 EDN1
6 positive regulation of synaptic transmission, GABAergic GO:0032230 9.4 TAC1 NPS
7 regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure by endothelin GO:0003100 9.37 EDN1 ECE1
8 positive regulation of action potential GO:0045760 9.32 TAC1 NPS
9 positive regulation of B cell proliferation GO:0030890 9.13 IL5 IL4 IL13
10 negative regulation of complement-dependent cytotoxicity GO:1903660 8.62 IL4 IL13

Molecular functions related to Chronic Rhinitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine activity GO:0005125 8.92 IL5 IL4 IL13 EDN1

Sources for Chronic Rhinitis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 TGDB
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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