MCID: CHR415
MIFTS: 40

Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Aliases & Classifications for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

MalaCards integrated aliases for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers:

Name: Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers 38 55

Summaries for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

MalaCards based summary : Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers is related to chronic venous insufficiency and venous insufficiency. An important gene associated with Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers is TIMP1 (TIMP Metallopeptidase Inhibitor 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts and ERK Signaling. The drugs Laxatives and Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include skin, testes and bone, and related phenotypes are Reduced mammosphere formation and Decreased Salmonella-containing vacuole maturation

Related Diseases for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Diseases related to Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 45)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 chronic venous insufficiency 30.2 ITGA4 TIMP1
2 venous insufficiency 30.2 ITGA4 TIMP1
3 lymphoma, large-cell, immunoblastic 10.1 MYC TIMP1
4 lung giant cell carcinoma 10.1 MYC TIMP1
5 thrombophilia 10.1
6 type ii mixed cryoglobulinemia 10.0 FAS FASLG
7 lymphocytic gastritis 10.0 FAS FASLG
8 lymphomatoid papulosis 10.0 FAS FASLG
9 lymphoproliferative syndrome 10.0 FAS FASLG
10 acute myocarditis 10.0 FAS FASLG
11 high grade b-cell lymphoma with myc and/ or bcl2 and/or bcl6 rearrangement 10.0 BCL2 MYC
12 epstein-barr virus-associated gastric carcinoma 10.0 FAS FASLG
13 diffuse large b-cell lymphoma of the central nervous system 10.0 BCL2 MYC
14 primary mediastinal large b-cell lymphoma 10.0 BCL2 MYC
15 silicosis 10.0 FAS FASLG
16 suppressor of tumorigenicity 3 10.0 BCL2 MYC
17 severe cutaneous adverse reaction 9.9 FAS FASLG
18 pneumoconiosis 9.9 FAS FASLG
19 alk-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma 9.9 BCL2 MYC
20 kashin-beck disease 9.9 BCL2 FAS
21 autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome, type v 9.9 BCL2 FAS
22 dermatitis, atopic 9.9
23 reflex sympathetic dystrophy 9.9
24 algoneurodystrophy 9.9
25 post-thrombotic syndrome 9.9
26 dermatitis 9.9
27 lymphopenia 9.9 FAS FASLG
28 progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy 9.9 BCL2 ITGA4
29 graft-versus-host disease 9.9 FAS FASLG
30 nodular goiter 9.9 BCL2 FAS
31 viral hepatitis 9.9 FAS FASLG
32 central nervous system tuberculosis 9.9 FAS FASLG TIMP1
33 large intestine cancer 9.9 FASLG MYC TIMP1
34 fuchs' endothelial dystrophy 9.8 BCL2 FASLG
35 follicular lymphoma 9.8 BCL2 MYC
36 b-cell lymphomas 9.8 BCL2 FAS MYC
37 burkitt lymphoma 9.8 BCL2 FAS MYC
38 esophageal cancer 9.7 FASLG MYC TIMP1
39 cartilage-hair hypoplasia 9.7 BCL2 FAS FASLG
40 leukemia, chronic lymphocytic 9.7 BCL2 FAS ITGA4
41 ewing sarcoma 9.6 FAS FASLG MYC
42 lymphoma, non-hodgkin, familial 9.6 BCL2 FAS ITGA4 MYC
43 gastric adenocarcinoma 9.5 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC
44 lung cancer 9.4 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC TIMP1
45 colorectal cancer 9.3 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC TIMP1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers:



Diseases related to Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Reduced mammosphere formation GR00396-S 9.26 FAS FASLG MYC TIMP1
2 Decreased Salmonella-containing vacuole maturation GR00133-A-2 9.16 ITGA4 MYC
3 Synthetic lethal with MLN4924 (a NAE inhibitor) GR00250-A-1 9.1 BCL2 FAS
4 Synthetic lethal with MLN4924 (a NAE inhibitor) GR00250-A-2 9.1 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cardiovascular system MP:0005385 9.95 BCL2 FAS FASLG ITGA4 MYC TIMP1
2 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 9.85 BCL2 FAS FASLG ITGA4 MYC TIMP1
3 endocrine/exocrine gland MP:0005379 9.8 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC TIMP1
4 immune system MP:0005387 9.8 BCL2 FAS FASLG ITGA4 MYC TIMP1
5 craniofacial MP:0005382 9.76 BCL2 FAS ITGA4 MYC
6 digestive/alimentary MP:0005381 9.73 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC
7 mortality/aging MP:0010768 9.73 BCL2 FAS FASLG ITGA4 MYC TIMP1
8 neoplasm MP:0002006 9.55 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC TIMP1
9 pigmentation MP:0001186 9.13 BCL2 FAS MYC
10 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.02 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC TIMP1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Drugs for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 21)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Laxatives Phase 4
2 Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium Phase 4
3 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4
4 Cathartics Phase 4
5
Thrombin Approved, Investigational Phase 3
6 Coagulants Phase 3
7 Hemostatics Phase 3
8 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 3
9
Mecasermin Approved, Investigational Phase 2 68562-41-4
10 Mitogens Phase 1, Phase 2,Phase 2
11 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 2
12 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 2
13 Somatomedin B Phase 2
14 Insulin, Globin Zinc Phase 2
15 insulin Phase 2
16
Mineral oil Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 8042-47-5
17
Ibuprofen Approved Not Applicable 15687-27-1 3672
18 Omega 3 Fatty Acid Not Applicable
19 monensin Not Applicable
20 Dermatologic Agents Not Applicable
21 Emollients Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 26)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 AQUACEL® Ag Dressing and Urgotul® Silver Dressing on Healing of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Completed NCT01084577 Phase 4
2 TruSkin®: Study for Treatment of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Terminated NCT02936128 Phase 4
3 Evaluation of CureXcell® in Treating Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Unknown status NCT02130310 Phase 3
4 Chronic Venous ULcer TReatment Analyzing Bio-Electrical Stimulation Therapy Unknown status NCT00678847 Phase 2, Phase 3
5 Safety and Efficacy Trial of HP802-247 in the Treatment of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Terminated NCT01853384 Phase 3
6 Phase I/II Dose Ranging CHRONSEAL® Study in Venous Leg Ulcers Unknown status NCT00797706 Phase 1, Phase 2 CHRONSEAL
7 EASH Dressing on Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Completed NCT01497210 Phase 2
8 Surface NeuroMuscular Electrical Stimulation in the Treatment of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Completed NCT01801891 Phase 2
9 The Effect of the Cosmetic Cream NMBM on Leg Ulcers - a Pilot Study Completed NCT01770509 Phase 1, Phase 2
10 Clinical Trial to Investigate Treatment With Photodynamic Therapy to Reduce Levels of Bacteria in Leg Ulcers Completed NCT00825760 Phase 2 Topical PPA904 gel and light;Topical placebo gel plus light
11 Clinical Trial to Investigate Efficacy and Safety of the IMP in Patients With Non Healing Wounds Originating From Ulcers Recruiting NCT02742844 Phase 1, Phase 2
12 Study of VF001-DP in Patients With Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Active, not recruiting NCT02973893 Phase 2
13 Silica Gel Fiber Wound Dressing for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Terminated NCT00998673 Phase 2
14 A Phase 2 Exploratory Pharmacodynamic Study of HP802-247 in Venous Leg Ulcers Terminated NCT02154087 Phase 2
15 Cell Therapy for Venous Leg Ulcers Pilot Study Completed NCT01750749 Phase 1
16 Testing Fish Oil Derivatives In Healing Of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Completed NCT01754506 Not Applicable
17 Safety Evaluation of Biatain Ibu in Painful Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Completed NCT00628004 Not Applicable
18 Biatain Ibu vs. Biatain in Painful Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Completed NCT00627094 Not Applicable
19 MIST Ultrasound Therapy Compared to United Kingdom Standard Care for the Treatment of Non-healing Venous Leg Ulcers Completed NCT01671748 Not Applicable
20 Clinical Effectiveness of DermACELL AWM in Subjects With Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Recruiting NCT03589586 Not Applicable
21 Randomized Controlled Trial for Treatment of Pain and Assessment of Wound Healing in Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Using Near Infrared Laser Therapy Recruiting NCT03716167 Not Applicable
22 Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of GrafixPL for the Treatment of Venous Leg Ulcers Recruiting NCT03629236 Not Applicable
23 Role of Tissue Oxygenation and the miR-210 Gene In Wound Healing Recruiting NCT02024243
24 VLU Non-inferiority Study Comparing a Dual Action Pneumatic Compression Device to Multi-layer Bandaging Active, not recruiting NCT02680834 Not Applicable
25 Impact of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Oral Therapy on Healing of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers in Older Adults Not yet recruiting NCT03576989 Not Applicable
26 Intermittent Pneumatic Compression of the Foot vs Geko Plus R-2 Neuromuscular Electrostimulation Device in Venous Leg Ulcer Patients Withdrawn NCT02912858 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Cell-based therapeutics:


LifeMap Discovery
Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
Read about Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers cell therapies at LifeMap Discovery.
Stem-cell-based therapeutic approaches for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers:
Apligraf�, skin substitute for chronic venous leg ulcers and diabetic foot ulcers
Embryonic/Adult Cultured Cells Related to Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers:
Bilayered bioengineered skin substitute (Apligraf�) PMIDs: 12055943 12463767 20849380 18615798

Genetic Tests for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Anatomical Context for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers:

41
Skin, Testes, Bone, Neutrophil, Lung, Endothelial, B Cells

Publications for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Articles related to Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers:

(show top 50) (show all 126)
# Title Authors Year
1
Trichloroacetic acid (80%) as a chemical debridement method for chronic venous leg ulcers-A pilot study. ( 29334174 )
2018
2
Enhanced healing and anti-inflammatory effects of a carbohydrate polymer with zinc oxide in patients with chronic venous leg ulcers: preliminary results. ( 29593807 )
2018
3
The effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for healing chronic venous leg ulcers: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. ( 30129080 )
2018
4
Reliability and Measurement Error of Digital Planimetry for the Measurement of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers. ( 28922511 )
2017
5
Autologous platelet-rich plasma versus conventional therapy for the treatment of chronic venous leg ulcers: A comparative study. ( 28834103 )
2017
6
EPAa88+a88DHA supplementation reduces PMN activation in microenvironment of chronic venous leg ulcers: A randomized, double-blind, controlled study. ( 28758717 )
2017
7
Comparison of Efficacy of Autologous Platelet-rich Fibrin versus Saline Dressing in Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers: A Randomised Controlled Trial. ( 28529414 )
2017
8
Unna boot central gauze technique for chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 28329467 )
2017
9
Phase 3 Evaluation of HP802-247 in the Treatment of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers. ( 27495869 )
2016
10
Estimating the Clinical Outcomes and Cost Differences Between Standard Care With and Without Cadexomer Iodine in the Management of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers Using a Markov Model. ( 27356144 )
2016
11
Healing of Recalcitrant Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers by Punch Grafts Harvested From the Scalp. ( 26262948 )
2015
12
Medical grade honey in the management of chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 26050953 )
2015
13
Squamous cell carcinomas in chronic venous leg ulcers. Data of the German Marjolin Registry and review. ( 26408463 )
2015
14
Randomized, controlled study of innovative spray formulation containing ozonated oil and I+-bisabolol in the topical treatment of chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 26280699 )
2015
15
Cost analysis of negative-pressure wound therapy with instillation for wound bed preparation preceding split-thickness skin grafts for massive (>100A cm(2)) chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 25595397 )
2015
16
Nutritional profile of older adults with chronic venous leg ulcers: AA pilot study. ( 26141998 )
2015
17
Safety and performance evaluation of a next-generation antimicrobial dressing in patients with chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 26095122 )
2015
18
Extracellular matrix assessment of infected chronic venous leg ulcers: role of metalloproteinases and inflammatory cytokines. ( 24618232 )
2014
19
Chronic venous leg ulcers: is topical zinc the answer? A review of the literature. ( 24343393 )
2014
20
Cost-Effective Use of Silver Dressings for the Treatment of Hard-to-Heal Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers. ( 24945381 )
2014
21
The Effect of a Connexin43-Based Peptide on the Healing of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers: A Multicenter, Randomized Trial. ( 25072595 )
2014
22
Factors that influence healing of chronic venous leg ulcers: a retrospective cohort. ( 24937814 )
2014
23
Randomized standard-of-care-controlled trial of a silica gel fibre matrix in the treatment of chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 24839984 )
2014
24
Maggots as a wound debridement agent for chronic venous leg ulcers under graduated compression bandages: a randomised controlled trial. ( 25300315 )
2014
25
Cost-effectiveness of three adjunct cellular/tissue-derived products used in the management of chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 25498775 )
2014
26
Comparative effectiveness of advanced wound dressings for patients with chronic venous leg ulcers: a systematic review. ( 24635169 )
2014
27
Autologous platelet-rich plasma in treatment of chronic venous leg ulcers: A prospective case series. ( 25492574 )
2014
28
Alleviation of chronic venous leg ulcers with a hand-held dielectric barrier discharge plasma generator (PlasmaDerm(Ar) VU-2010): results of a monocentric, two-armed, open, prospective, randomized and controlled trial (NCT01415622). ( 24666170 )
2014
29
Chronic venous leg ulcers: is topical zinc the answer? A review of the literature. ( 24343392 )
2014
30
Chronic venous leg ulcers: Effects of foam sclerotherapy on healing and recurrence. ( 25351907 )
2014
31
Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of octenidine wound gel in the treatment of chronic venous leg ulcers in comparison to modern wound dressings. ( 24589044 )
2014
32
A topical haemoglobin spray for oxygenating chronic venous leg ulcers: a pilot study. ( 25382133 )
2014
33
The impact of chronic venous leg ulcers: a systematic review. ( 25492276 )
2014
34
Identification of Symptom Clusters in Patients With Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers. ( 23998779 )
2013
35
Neutrophil activity in chronic venous leg ulcers--a target for therapy? ( 23551462 )
2013
36
Healing rates following venous surgery for chronic venous leg ulcers in an independent specialist vein unit. ( 22833505 )
2013
37
Proteolytic activity by multiple bacterial species isolated from chronic venous leg ulcers degrades matrix substrates. ( 23118301 )
2013
38
Durability of healing from spray-applied cell therapy with human allogeneic fibroblasts and keratinocytes for the treatment of chronic venous leg ulcers: A 6-month follow-up. ( 23927847 )
2013
39
Effect of foam sclerotherapy on healing and long-term recurrence in chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 22422794 )
2013
40
Catheter-directed foam sclerotherapy for chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 24072751 )
2013
41
Chronic venous leg ulcers are associated with high levels of metalloproteinases-9 and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin. ( 23531093 )
2013
42
Skin grafting followed by low-molecular-weight heparin long-term therapy in chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 22018697 )
2012
43
Healing of chronic venous leg ulcers could be affected by an interaction of the hemochromatosis gene polymorphism HFE H63D with the strength of compression treatment--a re-analysis of patients from previous studies. ( 22150832 )
2012
44
Spray-applied cell therapy with human allogeneic fibroblasts and keratinocytes for the treatment of chronic venous leg ulcers: a phase 2, multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. ( 22863328 )
2012
45
A prospective, multi-centre, randomised, open label, parallel, comparative study to evaluate effects of AQUACELAr Ag and UrgotulAr Silver dressing on healing of chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 22066961 )
2012
46
Chronic venous leg ulcers: the future of cell-based therapies. ( 22863327 )
2012
47
Effectiveness and tissue compatibility of a 12-week treatment of chronic venous leg ulcers with an octenidine based antiseptic--a randomized, double-blind controlled study. ( 22074592 )
2012
48
Exploratory study on the effectiveness of a standardized extract from Ageratina pichinchensis in patients with chronic venous leg ulcers. ( 22174074 )
2012
49
Insufficient and incomplete shaving in chronic venous leg ulcers leads to a poor prognosis of the skin graft: a histomorphological analysis. ( 21893960 )
2011
50
Duration of wound fluid secretion from chronic venous leg ulcers is critical for interleukin-1I+, interleukin-1I^, interleukin-8 levels and fibroblast activation. ( 21786164 )
2011

Variations for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Expression for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers.

Pathways for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Pathways related to Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 48)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.49 BCL2 FAS FASLG ITGA4 MYC TIMP1
2
Show member pathways
13.44 BCL2 FAS FASLG ITGA4 MYC TIMP1
3
Show member pathways
13.38 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC TIMP1
4
Show member pathways
13.09 BCL2 FASLG MYC TIMP1
5
Show member pathways
13.07 BCL2 FAS FASLG ITGA4 TIMP1
6
Show member pathways
13.04 BCL2 FAS FASLG TIMP1
7
Show member pathways
12.8 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC
8 12.54 FAS FASLG MYC
9 12.53 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC
10
Show member pathways
12.49 BCL2 FAS FASLG
11
Show member pathways
12.48 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC
12
Show member pathways
12.46 BCL2 FAS FASLG
13
Show member pathways
12.4 BCL2 FAS FASLG
14
Show member pathways
12.39 BCL2 FAS FASLG ITGA4 MYC
15
Show member pathways
12.37 BCL2 MYC TIMP1
16
Show member pathways
12.34 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC
17
Show member pathways
12.17 BCL2 FAS MYC
18 12.07 BCL2 FAS MYC
19 12.06 FAS FASLG MYC
20
Show member pathways
12.05 BCL2 FAS FASLG
21
Show member pathways
12.01 BCL2 FAS FASLG
22
Show member pathways
11.99 BCL2 ITGA4 MYC
23
Show member pathways
11.98 BCL2 FAS FASLG
24 11.91 BCL2 ITGA4 MYC
25
Show member pathways
11.86 BCL2 MYC TIMP1
26 11.69 BCL2 FASLG MYC
27 11.67 BCL2 MYC
28
Show member pathways
11.63 MYC TIMP1
29 11.59 BCL2 MYC
30 11.52 BCL2 FAS FASLG MYC
31
Show member pathways
11.5 BCL2 FAS FASLG
32 11.46 BCL2 MYC
33 11.41 BCL2 FAS FASLG
34 11.38 FASLG MYC
35 11.33 BCL2 MYC
36
Show member pathways
11.32 BCL2 FASLG MYC
37
Show member pathways
11.3 BCL2 MYC
38 11.3 BCL2 MYC
39 11.29 FASLG ITGA4
40 11.29 FAS FASLG
41
Show member pathways
11.25 BCL2 FAS
42 11.19 FAS FASLG
43 11.14 BCL2 FAS FASLG
44 11.08 BCL2 MYC
45 10.98 BCL2 FASLG MYC TIMP1
47
Show member pathways
10.94 BCL2 MYC
48 10.75 BCL2 FASLG ITGA4 TIMP1

GO Terms for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

Biological processes related to Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 18)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process GO:0006919 9.58 FAS FASLG
2 B cell differentiation GO:0030183 9.57 BCL2 ITGA4
3 apoptotic signaling pathway GO:0097190 9.56 FAS FASLG
4 negative regulation of apoptotic process GO:0043066 9.56 BCL2 FAS MYC TIMP1
5 response to cytokine GO:0034097 9.55 BCL2 TIMP1
6 extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway GO:0097191 9.54 FAS FASLG
7 branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis GO:0001658 9.52 BCL2 MYC
8 ovarian follicle development GO:0001541 9.51 BCL2 MYC
9 negative regulation of extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway via death domain receptors GO:1902042 9.49 FAS FASLG
10 extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway via death domain receptors GO:0008625 9.48 BCL2 FASLG
11 response to gamma radiation GO:0010332 9.46 BCL2 MYC
12 positive regulation of cell proliferation GO:0008284 9.46 BCL2 FASLG MYC TIMP1
13 positive regulation of endothelial cell apoptotic process GO:2000353 9.43 FASLG ITGA4
14 positive regulation of smooth muscle cell migration GO:0014911 9.4 BCL2 MYC
15 regulation of extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway via death domain receptors GO:1902041 9.37 FAS FASLG
16 response to growth factor GO:0070848 9.32 FASLG MYC
17 necroptotic signaling pathway GO:0097527 8.96 FAS FASLG
18 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0019221 8.92 BCL2 FASLG MYC TIMP1

Sources for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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