Aliases & Classifications for Color Vision Deficiency

MalaCards integrated aliases for Color Vision Deficiency:

Name: Color Vision Deficiency 25
Abnormality of Color Vision 29 6
Color Blindness 25 73
Defective Color Vision 25
Color Vision Defects 25
Vision Defect, Color 25
Color Vision Defect 73

Classifications:



External Ids:

Summaries for Color Vision Deficiency

Genetics Home Reference : 25 Color vision deficiency (sometimes called color blindness) represents a group of conditions that affect the perception of color. Red-green color vision defects are the most common form of color vision deficiency. Affected individuals have trouble distinguishing between some shades of red, yellow, and green. Blue-yellow color vision defects (also called tritan defects), which are rarer, cause problems with differentiating shades of blue and green and cause difficulty distinguishing dark blue from black. These two forms of color vision deficiency disrupt color perception but do not affect the sharpness of vision (visual acuity).

MalaCards based summary : Color Vision Deficiency, also known as abnormality of color vision, is related to red-green color blindness and colorblindness, partial, protan series, and has symptoms including photophobia, other specified visual disturbances and visual disturbance. An important gene associated with Color Vision Deficiency is NR2E3 (Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 2 Group E Member 3), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Metabolism of fat-soluble vitamins and Retinoid cycle disease events. The drugs Ranibizumab and Dexlansoprazole have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include testes, eye and liver, and related phenotypes are Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) and Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2)

Related Diseases for Color Vision Deficiency

Diseases related to Color Vision Deficiency via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 45)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 red-green color blindness 33.7 OPN1LW OPN1MW
2 colorblindness, partial, protan series 32.7 OPN1LW OPN1MW
3 achromatopsia 32.1 CNGA3 NR2E3 OPN1LW OPN1MW OPSIN-LCR
4 color blindness 31.7 CNGA3 OPN1LW OPN1MW
5 blue cone monochromacy 31.5 CNGA3 OPN1LW OPN1MW OPSIN-LCR
6 myopia 29.7 OPN1LW OPN1MW
7 cone dystrophy 29.7 OPN1LW OPN1MW
8 fundus dystrophy 29.4 CNGA3 NR2E3
9 retinitis pigmentosa 28.7 CNGA3 NR2E3 OPN1LW OPN1MW OPSIN-LCR
10 acquired color blindness 11.8
11 achromatopsia 2 11.2
12 colorblindness, partial, deutan series 11.2
13 aland island eye disease 11.1
14 tritanopia 11.0
15 optic atrophy with or without deafness, ophthalmoplegia, myopathy, ataxia, and neuropathy 11.0
16 cone-rod dystrophy, x-linked, 3 11.0
17 mohr-tranebjaerg syndrome 11.0
18 retinoschisis 1, x-linked, juvenile 11.0
19 optic atrophy 5 11.0
20 cone-rod dystrophy 16 11.0
21 short stature, optic nerve atrophy, and pelger-huet anomaly 10.9
22 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 1 with or without anosmia 10.9
23 achromatopsia 7 10.9
24 amblyopia 10.0
25 refractive error 10.0
26 cone-rod dystrophy 2 9.9
27 acute retrobulbar neuritis 9.9
28 neuritis 9.9
29 retinal disease 9.9
30 adrenomyeloneuropathy 9.9
31 central serous chorioretinopathy 9.9
32 gilles de la tourette syndrome 9.9
33 diabetes mellitus, insulin-dependent 9.9
34 leber congenital amaurosis 4 9.9
35 microvascular complications of diabetes 5 9.9
36 diabetes mellitus 9.9
37 retinitis 9.9
38 night blindness 9.8
39 enhanced s-cone syndrome 9.8 CNGA3 NR2E3
40 multiple sclerosis 9.7
41 prostate cancer 9.7
42 yemenite deaf-blind hypopigmentation syndrome 9.7
43 hemoglobinopathy 9.7
44 muscular dystrophy 9.7
45 albinism 9.7

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Color Vision Deficiency:



Diseases related to Color Vision Deficiency

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Color Vision Deficiency

UMLS symptoms related to Color Vision Deficiency:


photophobia, other specified visual disturbances, visual disturbance, subjective visual disturbance, unspecified

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Color Vision Deficiency according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-112 9.5 OPN1LW OPN1MW
2 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-116 9.5 OPN1MW
3 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-14 9.5 OPN1LW CNGA3
4 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-153 9.5 CNGA3
5 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-204 9.5 CNGA3
6 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-209 9.5 OPN1MW
7 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-28 9.5 OPN1MW
8 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-62 9.5 OPN1MW
9 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-65 9.5 OPN1LW
10 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-89 9.5 CNGA3

Drugs & Therapeutics for Color Vision Deficiency

Drugs for Color Vision Deficiency (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 19)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Ranibizumab Approved Phase 4 347396-82-1 459903
2
Dexlansoprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 4 103577-45-3, 138530-94-6 9578005
3
Lansoprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 4 103577-45-3 3883
4 Immunologic Factors Phase 4
5 Angiogenesis Modulating Agents Phase 4
6 Angiogenesis Inhibitors Phase 4
7 Anti-Ulcer Agents Phase 4
8 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4
9 Antacids Phase 4
10 Proton Pump Inhibitors Phase 4
11
Clemastine Approved, Investigational Phase 1 15686-51-8 26987
12
Histamine Approved, Investigational Phase 1 51-45-6, 75614-87-8 774
13
Histamine Phosphate Phase 1 51-74-1 65513
14 Dermatologic Agents Phase 1
15 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 1
16 Antipruritics Phase 1
17 Histamine H1 Antagonists Phase 1
18 Histamine Antagonists Phase 1
19 Anti-Allergic Agents Phase 1

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 20)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Evaluation of Changes in the Parameters of Optical Coherence Tomography After Intravitreal Injection of Lucentis Unknown status NCT01669447 Phase 4
2 Safety and Efficacy of Lansoprazole in Patients With Reflux Disease Completed NCT01135368 Phase 4 Lansoprazole
3 CNTF Implants for CNGB3 Achromatopsia Completed NCT01648452 Phase 1, Phase 2
4 Safety and Efficacy Trial of AAV Gene Therapy in Patients With CNGA3 Achromatopsia Recruiting NCT02935517 Phase 1, Phase 2
5 Long-Term Follow-Up Gene Therapy Study for Achromatopsia CNGB3 Recruiting NCT03278873 Phase 1, Phase 2
6 Gene Therapy for Achromatopsia (CNGB3) Recruiting NCT03001310 Phase 1, Phase 2
7 Safety and Efficacy Trial of AAV Gene Therapy in Patients With CNGB3 Achromatopsia Recruiting NCT02599922 Phase 1, Phase 2
8 Safety and Efficacy of a Single Subretinal Injection of rAAV.hCNGA3 in Patients With CNGA3-linked Achromatopsia Active, not recruiting NCT02610582 Phase 1, Phase 2 rAAV.hCNGA3
9 Gene Therapy for Achromatopsia (CNGA3) Not yet recruiting NCT03758404 Phase 1, Phase 2
10 Effect of Clemastine Fumarate on Color Vision in Healthy Controls Completed NCT02613091 Phase 1 Clemastine fumarate
11 Evaluation of Different Color Vision Tests in Children Completed NCT02464241
12 Visual Activity Evoked by Infrared in Humans After Dark Adaptation Completed NCT02909985 Not Applicable
13 Clinical and Genetic Characterization of Individuals With Achromatopsia Completed NCT01846052
14 Genetic Decryption of Leber Congenital Amaurosis (LCA) in a Large Cohort of Independent Families. Completed NCT02970266
15 Ì-SPIES, Comparison of Cystoscopy Images in Four Different SPIES Modalities Completed NCT02174302
16 Evaluating Color Perception Under LED Red/Green and Green Dominant Light Recruiting NCT01927536
17 Anthropogenetic Variability in the Group of Individuals With Febrile Seizures Recruiting NCT03481764
18 Inherited Retinal Degenerative Disease Registry Recruiting NCT02435940
19 Exploring Computerised Cognitive Training for People With Huntington's Disease Recruiting NCT02990676 Not Applicable
20 Optic Neuritis and Ganglion Cell Layer Active, not recruiting NCT02864134

Search NIH Clinical Center for Color Vision Deficiency

Genetic Tests for Color Vision Deficiency

Genetic tests related to Color Vision Deficiency:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Abnormality of Color Vision 29

Anatomical Context for Color Vision Deficiency

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Color Vision Deficiency:

41
Testes, Eye, Liver, Retina, Prostate

Publications for Color Vision Deficiency

Articles related to Color Vision Deficiency:

(show top 50) (show all 266)
# Title Authors Year
1
Color vision deficiency among biomedical students: a cross-sectional study. ( 29950807 )
2018
2
Contrast sensitivity of patients with congenital color vision deficiency. ( 29500697 )
2018
3
Contact Lenses for Color Blindness. ( 29696828 )
2018
4
Optimizing colormaps with consideration for color vision deficiency to enable accurate interpretation of scientific data. ( 30067751 )
2018
5
Blind spots in medical students with color vision deficiency. ( 30310266 )
2018
6
Emulating Perceptual Experience of Color Vision Deficiency with Virtual Reality. ( 30371498 )
2018
7
Prevalence of color blindness among school children in three primary schools of Gish -Abay town district, Amhara regional state, north-west Ethiopia. ( 30477452 )
2018
8
Prevalence of color vision deficiency among school children in Wolkite, Southern Ethiopia. ( 30486898 )
2018
9
Depth perception in patients with congenital color vision deficiency. ( 30518972 )
2018
10
Color Functionality Used in Visual Display for Occupational and Environmental Safety and Managing Color Vision Deficiency. ( 28331120 )
2017
11
a8cGene Therapy for Color Blindness. ( 29259520 )
2017
12
Frequency of color blindness in pre-employment screening in a tertiary health care center in Pakistan. ( 28523050 )
2017
13
Protanopia (red color-blindness) in medaka: a simple system for producing color-blind fish and testing their spectral sensitivity. ( 28166717 )
2017
14
Wearable Improved Vision System for Color Vision Deficiency Correction. ( 28507827 )
2017
15
Illuminations that improve color discrimination ability of people with red-green color vision deficiency. ( 29036063 )
2017
16
Color Vision Deficiency and Functional Disorders Among Israeli Male Adolescents Between 2007 and 2013. ( 27280722 )
2016
17
Cone Photoreceptor Structure in Patients With X-Linked Cone Dysfunction and Red-Green Color Vision Deficiency. ( 27447086 )
2016
18
A method for identifying color vision deficiency malingering. ( 28004196 )
2016
19
Functional reflective polarizer for augmented reality and color vision deficiency. ( 29092366 )
2016
20
Prevalence of color vision deficiency among arc welders. ( 26987544 )
2016
21
Acquired color vision deficiency. ( 26656928 )
2016
22
Is Male Migraine Associated With Color Vision Deficiency? Findings Among Israeli Adolescents Between 2007 and 2013. ( 26385974 )
2015
23
Prevalence of Color Vision Deficiency and its Correlation with Amblyopia and Refractive Errors among Primary School Children. ( 26425314 )
2015
24
Tests for color vision deficiency: Is it time to revise the standards? ( 26632139 )
2015
25
A review of color blindness for microscopists: guidelines and tools for accommodating and coping with color vision deficiency. ( 25739321 )
2015
26
Visual Search in the Real World: Color Vision Deficiency Affects Peripheral Guidance, but Leaves Foveal Verification Largely Unaffected. ( 26733851 )
2015
27
Red-Green Color Vision Deficiency and Lack of Awareness among Rural School Students in India. ( 26576384 )
2015
28
A Cure for Color Blindness? Stand by Buck Rogers! ( 26421338 )
2015
29
A Call for Considering Color Vision Deficiency When Creating Graphics for Psychology Reports. ( 26273941 )
2015
30
Is adding a new class of cones to the retina sufficient to cure color-blindness? ( 26418498 )
2015
31
Color vision deficiency in preschool children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. ( 24702753 )
2014
32
Color vision deficiency in a middle-aged population: the Shahroud Eye Study. ( 24526316 )
2014
33
Why racial color-blindness is myopic. ( 24750092 )
2014
34
Lack of international uniformity in assessing color vision deficiency in professional pilots. ( 24597159 )
2014
35
See no evil: Color blindness and perceptions of subtle racial discrimination in the workplace. ( 25111553 )
2014
36
Color Vision Deficiency in Zahedan, Iran: Lower than Expected. ( 25237763 )
2014
37
Evaluation of acquired color vision deficiency in glaucoma using the rabin cone contrast test. ( 25168899 )
2014
38
Curing Color Blindness-Mice and Nonhuman Primates. ( 25147187 )
2014
39
Prevalence of Refractive Errors in Students with and without Color Vision Deficiency. ( 25709775 )
2014
40
Perceptions of racial confrontation: the role of color blindness and comment ambiguity. ( 23356360 )
2013
41
Color vision deficiency. ( 23738573 )
2013
42
Color vision deficiency among a group of students of health sciences. ( 24579547 )
2012
43
Color blindness among multiple sclerosis patients in Isfahan. ( 23267377 )
2012
44
Modern racism attitudes among white students: the role of dominance and authoritarianism and the mediating effects of racial color-blindness. ( 23057194 )
2012
45
Processing of color signals in female carriers of color vision deficiency. ( 22333238 )
2012
46
Prevalence of refraction errors and color blindness in heavy vehicle drivers. ( 22553671 )
2011
47
Color blindness. ( 21774112 )
2011
48
More on color blindness. ( 22036741 )
2011
49
General principles in motion vision: color blindness of object motion depends on pattern velocity in honeybee and goldfish. ( 21518470 )
2011
50
Structural and functional correlates in color vision deficiency. ( 21494280 )
2011

Variations for Color Vision Deficiency

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Color Vision Deficiency:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 CNGA3 NM_001298.2(CNGA3): c.829C> T (p.Arg277Cys) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic rs104893620 GRCh37 Chromosome 2, 99012462: 99012462
2 CNGA3 NM_001298.2(CNGA3): c.829C> T (p.Arg277Cys) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic rs104893620 GRCh38 Chromosome 2, 98395999: 98395999
3 NR2E3 NM_016346.3(NR2E3): c.119-2A> C single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs2723341 GRCh38 Chromosome 15, 71811481: 71811481
4 NR2E3 NM_016346.3(NR2E3): c.119-2A> C single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs2723341 GRCh37 Chromosome 15, 72103821: 72103821
5 EYS NM_001142800.1(EYS): c.8519A> G (p.Glu2840Gly) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance GRCh37 Chromosome 6, 64431408: 64431408
6 EYS NM_001142800.1(EYS): c.8519A> G (p.Glu2840Gly) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance GRCh38 Chromosome 6, 63721512: 63721512
7 RPGRIP1 NM_020366.3(RPGRIP1): c.2567_2568dup (p.Val857Leufs) duplication Likely pathogenic GRCh37 Chromosome 14, 21794189: 21794190
8 RPGRIP1 NM_020366.3(RPGRIP1): c.2567_2568dup (p.Val857Leufs) duplication Likely pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 14, 21326030: 21326031

Expression for Color Vision Deficiency

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Color Vision Deficiency.

Pathways for Color Vision Deficiency

GO Terms for Color Vision Deficiency

Cellular components related to Color Vision Deficiency according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 photoreceptor outer segment GO:0001750 8.96 OPN1LW OPN1MW
2 photoreceptor disc membrane GO:0097381 8.62 OPN1LW OPN1MW

Biological processes related to Color Vision Deficiency according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 signal transduction GO:0007165 9.76 CNGA3 NR2E3 OPN1LW OPN1MW
2 response to stimulus GO:0050896 9.46 CNGA3 NR2E3 OPN1LW OPN1MW
3 retinoid metabolic process GO:0001523 9.43 OPN1LW OPN1MW
4 positive regulation of cytokinesis GO:0032467 9.4 OPN1LW OPN1MW
5 cellular response to light stimulus GO:0071482 9.37 OPN1LW OPN1MW
6 protein-chromophore linkage GO:0018298 9.32 OPN1LW OPN1MW
7 detection of visible light GO:0009584 9.26 OPN1LW OPN1MW
8 visual perception GO:0007601 9.26 CNGA3 NR2E3 OPN1LW OPN1MW
9 phototransduction GO:0007602 8.8 NR2E3 OPN1LW OPN1MW

Molecular functions related to Color Vision Deficiency according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 G protein-coupled photoreceptor activity GO:0008020 8.96 OPN1LW OPN1MW
2 photoreceptor activity GO:0009881 8.62 OPN1LW OPN1MW

Sources for Color Vision Deficiency

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
Content
Loading form....