CAKUTHED
MCID: CNG495
MIFTS: 26

Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay (CAKUTHED)

Categories: Ear diseases, Genetic diseases, Nephrological diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

MalaCards integrated aliases for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay:

Name: Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay 56 73 29 6
Cakuthed 56 73
Anomalies, Congenital, Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with/without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay 39

Characteristics:

OMIM:

56
Inheritance:
autosomal dominant

Miscellaneous:
variable severity
highly variable phenotype
de novo mutation
onset at birth or early infancy
extra-renal manifestations are variable
some patients have a contiguous gene deletion syndrome involving the pbx1 gene


HPO:

31
congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract syndrome with or without hearing loss, abnormal ears, or developmental delay:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance
Onset and clinical course variable expressivity


Classifications:



Summaries for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 73 Congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract syndrome with or without hearing loss, abnormal ears, or developmental delay: An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by variable congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, sometimes resulting in renal dysfunction or failure, dysmorphic facial features, and abnormalities of the outer ear. Most patients have hearing loss, and some may have global developmental delay.

MalaCards based summary : Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay, also known as cakuthed, is related to alacrima, achalasia, and mental retardation syndrome. An important gene associated with Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay is PBX1 (PBX Homeobox 1). Affiliated tissues include kidney and heart, and related phenotypes are hearing impairment and global developmental delay

OMIM : 56 CAKUTHED is an autosomal dominant highly pleiotropic developmental disorder characterized mainly by variable congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, sometimes resulting in renal dysfunction or failure, dysmorphic facial features, and abnormalities of the outer ear, often with hearing loss. Most patients have global developmental delay (summary by Heidet et al., 2017 and Slavotinek et al., 2017). (617641)

Related Diseases for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

Diseases related to Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 alacrima, achalasia, and mental retardation syndrome 10.3

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

Human phenotypes related to Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay:

31 (show all 38)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 hearing impairment 31 very rare (1%) HP:0000365
2 global developmental delay 31 very rare (1%) HP:0001263
3 renal insufficiency 31 very rare (1%) HP:0000083
4 respiratory insufficiency 31 very rare (1%) HP:0002093
5 abnormal heart morphology 31 very rare (1%) HP:0001627
6 wide nasal bridge 31 HP:0000431
7 delayed speech and language development 31 HP:0000750
8 microtia 31 HP:0008551
9 anteverted nares 31 HP:0000463
10 feeding difficulties 31 HP:0011968
11 strabismus 31 HP:0000486
12 cryptorchidism 31 HP:0000028
13 growth delay 31 HP:0001510
14 low-set ears 31 HP:0000369
15 horseshoe kidney 31 HP:0000085
16 ectopic kidney 31 HP:0000086
17 epicanthus 31 HP:0000286
18 motor delay 31 HP:0001270
19 narrow face 31 HP:0000275
20 micropenis 31 HP:0000054
21 vesicoureteral reflux 31 HP:0000076
22 thin upper lip vermilion 31 HP:0000219
23 long face 31 HP:0000276
24 deep philtrum 31 HP:0002002
25 renal hypoplasia 31 HP:0000089
26 congenital diaphragmatic hernia 31 HP:0000776
27 thickened helices 31 HP:0000391
28 ambiguous genitalia 31 HP:0000062
29 oligohydramnios 31 HP:0001562
30 renal agenesis 31 HP:0000104
31 generalized hypotonia 31 HP:0001290
32 renal dysplasia 31 HP:0000110
33 bifid ureter 31 HP:0030037
34 hyperechogenic kidneys 31 HP:0004719
35 hypoplastic helices 31 HP:0008589
36 anteverted ears 31 HP:0040080
37 dilatation 31 HP:0002617
38 decreased numbers of nephrons 31 HP:0005563

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

56
Head And Neck Nose:
anteverted nares
broad nasal bridge

Head And Neck Eyes:
strabismus
epicanthal folds

Head And Neck Ears:
low-set ears
thickened helices
hypoplastic helices
anteverted ears
hypoplastic ears
more
Head And Neck Face:
narrow face
long face
prominent philtrum
dysmorphic facial features, variable

Genitourinary:
ambiguous genitalia
abnormal sexual development

Genitourinary Ureters:
bifid ureter
urinary tract abnormalities
absent ureter

Muscle Soft Tissue:
hypotonia

Cardiovascular Heart:
congenital heart defects (in some patients)

Respiratory:
respiratory insufficiency (in some patients)

Skin Nails Hair Skin:
sacral pit (in some patients)

Genitourinary Kidneys:
renal insufficiency
horseshoe kidney
renal hypoplasia
renal agenesis
renal dysplasia
more
Genitourinary External Genitalia Male:
cryptorchidism
micropenis

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
motor delay
speech delay
developmental delay (in some patients)

Genitourinary Bladder:
vesicoureteral reflux

Prenatal Manifestations Amniotic Fluid:
oligohydramnios

Head And Neck Mouth:
thin upper lip

Growth Other:
growth retardation

Abdomen Gastrointestinal:
poor feeding

Chest Diaphragm:
diaphragmatic hernia

Clinical features from OMIM:

617641

Drugs & Therapeutics for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay

Genetic Tests for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

Genetic tests related to Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay 29 PBX1

Anatomical Context for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay:

40
Kidney, Heart

Publications for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

Articles related to Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay:

# Title Authors PMID Year
1
De novo, deleterious sequence variants that alter the transcriptional activity of the homeoprotein PBX1 are associated with intellectual disability and pleiotropic developmental defects. 6 56
29036646 2017
2
Targeted Exome Sequencing Identifies PBX1 as Involved in Monogenic Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urinary Tract. 56 6
28566479 2017
3
PBX1 haploinsufficiency leads to syndromic congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) in humans. 56
28270404 2017
4
Interstitial 1q23.3q24.1 deletion in a patient with renal malformation, congenital heart disease, and mild intellectual disability. 56
27255444 2016
5
Pbx1 regulates nephrogenesis and ureteric branching in the developing kidney. 56
12591246 2003
6
A New Pathogenic Variant of CAKUTHED Diagnosed Based on Intellectual Disability. 61
31713835 2020
7
Functional characterization of a novel PBX1 de novo missense variant identified in a patient with syndromic congenital heart disease. 61
31625560 2020

Variations for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay:

6 (show all 14) ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎
# Gene Name Type Significance ClinVarId dbSNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 PBX1 NM_002585.3(PBX1):c.428del (p.Asn143fs)deletion Pathogenic 437835 rs1553247028 1:164761892-164761892 1:164792655-164792655
2 PBX1 NM_002585.3(PBX1):c.550C>T (p.Arg184Ter)SNV Pathogenic 437836 rs1553248081 1:164768975-164768975 1:164799738-164799738
3 PBX1 NM_002585.3(PBX1):c.511-2A>GSNV Pathogenic 437837 rs1553248075 1:164768934-164768934 1:164799697-164799697
4 PBX1 NM_002585.3(PBX1):c.413_419del (p.Gly138fs)deletion Pathogenic 488567 rs1553247020 1:164761877-164761883 1:164792640-164792646
5 PBX1 NM_002585.3(PBX1):c.680G>C (p.Arg227Pro)SNV Pathogenic 523088 rs1553248110 1:164769105-164769105 1:164799868-164799868
6 PBX1 NM_002585.3(PBX1):c.701G>C (p.Arg234Pro)SNV Pathogenic 523089 rs1553248112 1:164769126-164769126 1:164799889-164799889
7 PBX1 NM_002585.3(PBX1):c.704G>A (p.Arg235Gln)SNV Pathogenic 523090 rs1553249136 1:164776781-164776781 1:164807544-164807544
8 PBX1 NM_002585.3(PBX1):c.783dup (p.Ser262fs)duplication Pathogenic 523091 rs1553249146 1:164776856-164776857 1:164807619-164807620
9 PBX1 NM_002585.4(PBX1):c.661G>T (p.Glu221Ter)SNV Pathogenic 807456 1:164769086-164769086 1:164799849-164799849
10 PBX1 NM_002585.4(PBX1):c.618dup (p.Lys207fs)duplication Likely pathogenic 829839 1:164769042-164769043 1:164799805-164799806
11 PBX1 NM_002585.4(PBX1):c.703C>T (p.Arg235Trp)SNV Likely pathogenic 829999 1:164776780-164776780 1:164807543-164807543
12 PBX1 NM_001204961.1(PBX1):c.701G>A (p.Arg234Gln)SNV Likely pathogenic 559855 rs1553248112 1:164769126-164769126 1:164799889-164799889
13 PBX1 NM_002585.3(PBX1):c.818G>A (p.Cys273Tyr)SNV Likely pathogenic 598775 rs1558020021 1:164776895-164776895 1:164807658-164807658
14 PBX1 NM_002585.4(PBX1):c.145C>T (p.Gln49Ter)SNV Likely pathogenic 666556 1:164529204-164529204 1:164559967-164559967

Expression for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or Without Hearing Loss, Abnormal Ears, or Developmental Delay.

Pathways for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

GO Terms for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

Sources for Congenital Anomalies of Kidney and Urinary Tract Syndrome with or...

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
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39 LOVD
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43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
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50 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 TGDB
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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