MCID: CNJ018
MIFTS: 41

Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Categories: Cancer diseases, Neuronal diseases, Skin diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

MalaCards integrated aliases for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma:

Name: Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma 12 15 17
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Conjunctiva 12 71
Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Conjunctiva 12
Conjunctival Epidermoid Carcinoma 12
Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:1748
NCIt 49 C4549
SNOMED-CT 67 255003007
UMLS 71 C0346359

Summaries for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Disease Ontology : 12 A conjunctival cancer characterized by abnormal growth of dysplastic squamous epithelial cells on the surface of the eye that arises from the conjunctiva that has infiltrated beyond the confines of the epithelial basement membrane.

MalaCards based summary : Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma, also known as squamous cell carcinoma of conjunctiva, is related to familial retinoblastoma and malignant conjunctival melanoma. An important gene associated with Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma is TP53 (Tumor Protein P53), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Pathways in cancer and Measles. The drugs Fibrin Tissue Adhesive and Mitomycins have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, skin and retina, and related phenotypes are Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) and Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2)

Wikipedia : 74 Conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma (conjunctival SCC) and corneal intraepithelial neoplasia comprise... more...

Related Diseases for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Diseases related to Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 141)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 familial retinoblastoma 30.6 TP53 RB1
2 malignant conjunctival melanoma 30.1 IFNA2 CCIN
3 corneal intraepithelial neoplasm 29.8 IFNA2 IFNA1
4 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 29.7 TP53 IFNA2 IFNA1
5 conjunctival cancer 29.6 KRT12 IFNA2 CCIN
6 kaposi sarcoma 29.3 TP53 IFNA2 IFNA1
7 squamous cell carcinoma 11.0
8 keratitis, hereditary 10.5
9 keratosis 10.5
10 vulvar adenocarcinoma 10.4 TP53 RB1
11 suppressor of tumorigenicity 3 10.3 TP53 RB1
12 gallbladder benign neoplasm 10.3 TP53 PDPN
13 penile benign neoplasm 10.3 TP53 PDPN
14 immune deficiency disease 10.3
15 in situ carcinoma 10.3
16 gallbladder adenoma 10.3 RB1 PDPN
17 xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis 10.3 TP53 PDPN
18 acquired hemangioma 10.3 PDPN LYVE1
19 chromosome 13q14 deletion syndrome 10.3 TP53 RB1
20 hypopyon 10.2
21 keratocystic odontogenic tumor 10.2 TP53 PDPN
22 ige responsiveness, atopic 10.2
23 basal cell carcinoma 10.2
24 actinic keratosis 10.2
25 atopic keratoconjunctivitis 10.2
26 lip cancer 10.2 TP53 PDPN
27 uterus carcinoma in situ 10.2 TP53 RB1
28 lymphangiosarcoma 10.2 PDPN LYVE1
29 xeroderma pigmentosum, variant type 10.2
30 papilloma 10.2
31 cervix uteri carcinoma in situ 10.2 TP53 RB1
32 capillary lymphangioma 10.2 PDPN LYVE1
33 laryngeal benign neoplasm 10.2 TP53 PDPN
34 lymphangitis 10.2 PDPN LYVE1
35 sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma 10.2 TP53 IFNA2
36 eccrine sweat gland cancer 10.2 TP53 KRT15
37 sweat gland cancer 10.2 TP53 KRT15
38 hypercarotenemia and vitamin a deficiency, autosomal dominant 10.1
39 papillon-lefevre syndrome 10.1
40 dermatitis, atopic 10.1
41 autosomal recessive disease 10.1
42 pseudopterygium 10.1
43 keratomalacia 10.1
44 dermatitis 10.1
45 periodontosis 10.1
46 fungal keratitis 10.1
47 cornea cancer 10.1 IFNA2 CCIN
48 retinoblastoma 10.1
49 melanoma, cutaneous malignant 10 10.1
50 telangiectasis 10.1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma:



Diseases related to Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26 (show all 11)
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-100 9.36 SEM1
2 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-11 9.36 SEM1
3 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-116 9.36 SEM1
4 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-15 9.36 SEM1
5 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-159 9.36 SEM1
6 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-167 9.36 SEM1
7 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-178 9.36 IFNA2
8 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-20 9.36 IFNA2
9 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-62 9.36 SEM1
10 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-70 9.36 SEM1
11 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-80 9.36 SEM1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Drugs for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):


# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Fibrin Tissue Adhesive
2 Mitomycins

Interventional clinical trials:


# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Using Impression Cytology to Observe the Cytological Changes of Ocular Surface Cells in Various Ocular Surface Disorders Unknown status NCT01387971
2 Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (AS-OCT) Guided Treatment of Diffuse Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma (CSCC) With Excision, Amniotic Membrane Graft Using Fibrin Glue and Topical Mitomycin C (MMC) Completed NCT03515954

Search NIH Clinical Center for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Genetic Tests for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Anatomical Context for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma:

40
Eye, Skin, Retina, Liver, Endothelial

Publications for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Articles related to Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma:

(show top 50) (show all 183)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma: prognostic factors for the recurrence and metastasis and clinicopathological characteristics at an oncological hospital in Peru. 61
31604702 2020
2
Detection of a large spectrum of viral infections in conjunctival pre-malignant and malignant lesions. 61
32525572 2020
3
Conjunctival Adenosquamous Carcinoma Lacks MAML2 Translocation: A Variant of Squamous Cell Carcinoma With Mucoepidermoid Differentiation and Aggressive Behavior? 61
32476556 2020
4
Cancer in Mozambique: Results from two population-based cancer registries. 61
32142162 2020
5
Clinical Management of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Conjunctiva. 61
32005796 2020
6
[Does orbital exenteration still has a place in 2019?] 61
31831277 2020
7
Orbital exenteration and conjunctival melanoma: a 14-year study at the Jules Gonin Eye Hospital. 61
31959885 2020
8
ADAM3A copy number gains occur in a subset of conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma and its high grade precursors. 61
31493427 2019
9
Rapidly Progressive Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma With Orbital Invasion. 61
30730437 2019
10
PD-L1/PD1 Expression, Composition of Tumor-Associated Immune Infiltrate, and HPV Status in Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma. 61
31141610 2019
11
Clinicopathologic presentation of malignant orbito-ocular tumors in Kano, Nigeria: A prospective multicenter study. 61
31070150 2019
12
Rapidly Growing Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma After Corneal Transplantation in a Patient With Xeroderma Pigmentosum. 61
30399126 2019
13
Malignant transformation of a conjunctival keratoacanthoma requiring enucleation. 61
30993300 2019
14
Clinical characteristics, HIV status, and molecular biomarkers in squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva in Ghana. 61
30809594 2019
15
AS-OCT Guided Treatment Of Diffuse Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma With Resection, Amniotic Membrane Graft And Topical Mitomycin C. 61
31819351 2019
16
Two cases of conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma in the anophthalmic socket after treatment of retinoblastoma. 61
29863813 2018
17
Local and Regional Spread of Primary Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma. 61
27058828 2018
18
Superficial radiotherapy as a treatment alternative for recurrent conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma: a case study. 61
29577676 2018
19
Predictors of Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia and Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma among Ugandan Patients: A Hospital-based Study. 61
30765953 2018
20
Loss of pRB in Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Predictor of Poor Prognosis. 61
29489511 2018
21
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated trilateral squamous neoplasia in immunocompetent individual. 61
28589289 2018
22
Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma with Corneal Stromal Invasion in Presumed Pterygia: A Case Series. 61
30643769 2018
23
Ruthenium brachytherapy for intraocular growth of a conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma: a case report. 61
29795720 2018
24
Immunoreduction of locally advanced orbito-conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma with intraorbital interferon alpha-2b injection: a globe saving approach. 61
28570760 2018
25
Conjunctival invasive poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma in a 91-year-old female patient. 61
29940652 2018
26
Interferon alpha-2a as alternative treatment for conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma. 61
28522115 2017
27
Excision and topical 0.04% mitomycin C for extensive and recurrent conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma in an AIDS patient. A case report. 61
28916116 2017
28
Infiltrative Intraocular Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma after Local Resection and Brachytherapy: Clinical and Pathological Findings. 61
29134185 2017
29
Clinically Occult Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Conjunctiva After Topical Immunotherapy for Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia. 61
28774544 2017
30
Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma With Orbital Extension. 61
27608284 2017
31
PV16-Positive Invasive Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma in an Anophthalmic Socket. 61
28476055 2017
32
Nodulo-Ulcerative Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia in 6 Patients: A Rare Presentation. 61
27749454 2017
33
Two extremes of the clinical spectrum of conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma presenting in the same patient. 61
28148548 2017
34
Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia Associated with Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis. 61
28275599 2017
35
Clinico-Pathological Patterns of Patients Who Underwent Orbital Exenteration in a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Nepal. 61
28450769 2016
36
Evaluation of the 'Hedgehog' signaling pathways in squamous and basal cell carcinomas of the eyelids and conjunctiva. 61
27347166 2016
37
Squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva with extraocular involvement: case report and literature review. 61
27281468 2016
38
[Relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-AIDS) and conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma: A clinical epidemiological study of 26 cases in the ophthalmology department of the university hospital of Treichville-Abidjan (Abidjan-Côte d'Ivoire)]. 61
27157036 2016
39
Altered gene expression in conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma. 61
26916071 2016
40
Giant conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma. Treatment with surgery following topical interferon alpha-2b. 61
26827157 2016
41
Histologic Changes in a Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Conjunctiva Refractive to Interferon-α2b. 61
26707439 2016
42
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva: A case report. 61
26862101 2015
43
Conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma. 61
26411849 2015
44
Bilateral enucleation avoided by excision with mitomycin C for bilateral infiltrating conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma in a girl with xeroderma pigmentosum. 61
25976132 2015
45
Sealing of the gap between the conjunctiva and tenon capsule to improve symblepharon surgery. 61
26093286 2015
46
Squamous Cell Neoplasm of the Ocular Surface in a Patient With Psoriasis Treated With Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Inhibitors. 61
26010941 2015
47
Establishment of a Cell Line From Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma: PeCa-UkHb-01. 61
26193922 2015
48
[Invasive conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma after excision of a tumor simulating a pterygium]. 61
25976138 2015
49
[Two cases of conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia in immunosuppressed patients]. 61
25980045 2015
50
Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma due to Long-term Placement of Ocular Prosthesis. 61
25878936 2015

Variations for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Cosmic variations for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma:

9 (show top 50) (show all 318)
# Cosmic Mut ID Gene Symbol COSMIC Disease Classification
(Primary site, Site subtype, Primary histology, Histology subtype)
Mutation CDS Mutation AA GRCh38 Location Conf
1 COSM152022165 YES1 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.851G>A p.G284E 18:743289-743289 4
2 COSM85720102 TSC1 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.2065C>T p.R689C 9:132903794-132903794 4
3 COSM90145852 TRAF7 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.349G>A p.E117K 16:2171264-2171264 4
4 COSM87908091 TP53 eye,conjunctiva,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.404G>T p.C135F 17:7675208-7675208 4
5 COSM87906799 TP53 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.839G>C p.R280T 17:7673781-7673781 4
6 COSM87906616 TP53 eye,conjunctiva,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.725G>T p.C242F 17:7674238-7674238 4
7 COSM87898458 TP53 eye,conjunctiva,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.853G>A p.E285K 17:7673767-7673767 4
8 COSM87952409 TP53 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.859G>C p.E287Q 17:7673761-7673761 4
9 COSM87961289 TP53 eye,conjunctiva,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.706T>C p.Y236H 17:7674257-7674257 4
10 COSM87901804 TP53 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.587G>T p.R196L 17:7674944-7674944 4
11 COSM96398090 STK40 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.1280C>T p.S427F 1:36341798-36341798 4
12 COSM99818572 SPEN skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.9563C>T p.P3188L 1:15935803-15935803 4
13 COSM89675474 SOX2 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.237G>A p.W79* 3:181712597-181712597 4
14 COSM140185011 RNF43 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.866C>T p.S289F 17:58360235-58360235 4
15 COSM94496882 RAD52 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.779G>A p.R260Q 12:916430-916430 4
16 COSM112619412 PPP6C skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.901C>T p.R301C 9:125149801-125149801 4
17 COSM125322720 PIK3R1 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.608A>G p.Y203C 5:68279707-68279707 4
18 COSM88409894 NOTCH2 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.4091C>T p.P1364L 1:119925725-119925725 4
19 COSM103342366 KDM5A skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.973C>T p.P325S 12:354132-354132 4
20 COSM84025012 INPP4A skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.407G>A p.G136E 2:98536148-98536148 4
21 COSM151680318 IKZF1 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.910G>A p.E304K 7:50399977-50399977 4
22 COSM139994392 IKBKE skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.537C>A p.Y179* 1:206476359-206476359 4
23 COSM112988842 HRAS skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.182A>T p.Q61L 11:533874-533874 4
24 COSM141974155 FBXW7 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.535C>T p.R179C 4:152350091-152350091 4
25 COSM86750198 EGFR eye,conjunctiva,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.2300C>T p.A767V 7:55181309-55181309 4
26 COSM150927731 CTNNB1 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.1420C>T p.R474* 3:41233763-41233763 4
27 COSM119230142 CDKN2A skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.149A>G p.Q50R 9:21974679-21974679 4
28 COSM142676370 BTK skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.364G>A p.E122K 23:101371680-101371680 4
29 COSM84933986 BRIP1 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.1463C>T p.P488L 17:61793607-61793607 4
30 COSM86139488 BARD1 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.722C>T p.S241F 2:214781152-214781152 4
31 COSM97821620 AR skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.1883G>A p.G628E 23:67686124-67686124 4
32 COSM88871813 APC skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.3367C>T p.Q1123* 5:112838961-112838961 4
33 COSM144706553 eye,conjunctiva,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.589T>C p.Y197H 17:7674257-7674257 4
34 COSM144020377 eye,conjunctiva,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.692G>T p.C231F 17:7674238-7674238 4
35 COSM144020497 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.806G>C p.R269T 17:7673781-7673781 4
36 COSM144313019 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.470G>T p.R157L 17:7674944-7674944 4
37 COSM122323579 eye,conjunctiva,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.310T>C p.Y104H 17:7674257-7674257 4
38 COSM101882269 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.287G>A p.G96E 23:67686124-67686124 4
39 COSM122740947 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.443G>C p.R148T 17:7673781-7673781 4
40 COSM142560375 eye,conjunctiva,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.736G>A p.E246K 17:7673767-7673767 4
41 COSM150677496 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.2050C>T p.R684C 9:132903794-132903794 4
42 COSM147934127 eye,conjunctiva,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.*290C>T p.? 7:55181309-55181309 4
43 COSM122737048 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.191G>T p.R64L 17:7674944-7674944 4
44 COSM142567276 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.722G>C p.R241T 17:7673781-7673781 4
45 COSM151322126 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.1420C>T p.R474* 3:41233763-41233763 4
46 COSM150746744 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.1399C>T p.R467* 3:41233763-41233763 4
47 COSM150548324 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.1420C>T p.R474* 3:41233763-41233763 4
48 COSM143748032 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.364+11145C>T p.? 2:214781152-214781152 4
49 COSM138732930 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.1463C>T p.P488L 17:61793607-61793607 4
50 COSM137934402 skin,eye,carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma c.282C>A p.Y94* 1:206476359-206476359 4

Expression for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Pathways for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Pathways related to Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 12.35 TP53 RB1 IFNA2 IFNA1
2
Show member pathways
11.73 TP53 SEM1 RB1 IFNA2 IFNA1
3 11.53 TP53 IFNA2 IFNA1
4
Show member pathways
11.47 TP53 RB1 IFNA2 IFNA1
5 10.6 TP53 RB1

GO Terms for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Biological processes related to Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 negative regulation of transcription, DNA-templated GO:0045892 9.76 TP53 RB1 IFNA2 CRYAB
2 B cell proliferation GO:0042100 9.48 IFNA2 IFNA1
3 response to exogenous dsRNA GO:0043330 9.43 IFNA2 IFNA1
4 cellular response to gamma radiation GO:0071480 9.4 TP53 CRYAB
5 T cell activation involved in immune response GO:0002286 9.37 IFNA2 IFNA1
6 negative regulation of reactive oxygen species metabolic process GO:2000378 9.32 TP53 CRYAB
7 positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation of STAT protein GO:0033141 9.26 IFNA2 IFNA1
8 natural killer cell activation involved in immune response GO:0002323 9.16 IFNA2 IFNA1
9 negative regulation of cell growth GO:0030308 9.13 TP53 RB1 CRYAB
10 negative regulation of gene expression GO:0010629 8.92 TP53 RB1 IFNA2 CRYAB

Molecular functions related to Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine receptor binding GO:0005126 9.16 IFNA2 IFNA1
2 structural molecule activity GO:0005198 9.13 KRT15 KRT12 CRYAB
3 type I interferon receptor binding GO:0005132 8.62 IFNA2 IFNA1

Sources for Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 TGDB
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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