MCID: CWM001
MIFTS: 44

Cow Milk Allergy

Categories: Immune diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Cow Milk Allergy

MalaCards integrated aliases for Cow Milk Allergy:

Name: Cow Milk Allergy 12 15
Cow's Milk Protein Sensitivity 73
Bos Taurus Milk Allergy 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0060521
UMLS 73 C0266815

Summaries for Cow Milk Allergy

Disease Ontology : 12 A milk allergy triggered by Bos taurus milk.

MalaCards based summary : Cow Milk Allergy, also known as cow's milk protein sensitivity, is related to milk allergy and dermatitis, atopic. An important gene associated with Cow Milk Allergy is IL10 (Interleukin 10), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and Allograft rejection. The drugs Caseins and Chelating Agents have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include liver, testes and breast, and related phenotypes are liver/biliary system and neoplasm

Related Diseases for Cow Milk Allergy

Diseases related to Cow Milk Allergy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 199)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 milk allergy 31.2 CD79A IL10 IL5 RNASE3
2 dermatitis, atopic 30.0 IL10 IL5 RNASE3 TNF
3 immune deficiency disease 10.2 CD79A IL10
4 sporotrichosis 10.2 CD79A IL10
5 alcoholic hepatitis 10.2 IL10 TNF
6 primary bacterial infectious disease 10.2 IL10 TNF
7 osteomyelitis 10.2 IL10 TNF
8 lymphadenitis 10.2 IL10 TNF
9 chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis 10.2 IL10 TNF
10 autoimmune disease of the nervous system 10.2 IL10 TNF
11 rubella 10.2 IL10 TNF
12 visceral leishmaniasis 10.2 IL10 TNF
13 irritable bowel syndrome 10.2 IL10 TNF
14 anisakiasis 10.2 CD79A RNASE3
15 punctate inner choroidopathy 10.2 IL10 TNF
16 tropical endomyocardial fibrosis 10.2 IL10 TNF
17 endomyocardial fibrosis 10.2 IL10 TNF
18 cephalosporin allergy 10.2 IL10 IL5
19 endocarditis 10.2 IL10 TNF
20 microscopic polyangiitis 10.2 IL10 TNF
21 multifocal choroiditis 10.2 IL10 TNF
22 choroiditis 10.2 IL10 TNF
23 tungiasis 10.2 IL10 TNF
24 nickel allergic contact dermatitis 10.2 IL10 IL5
25 dermatitis 10.2
26 lipoid nephrosis 10.2 CD79A IL10
27 transient hypogammaglobulinemia 10.2 IL10 TNF
28 necatoriasis 10.2 IL10 IL5
29 idiopathic achalasia 10.2 IL10 TNF
30 gaucher disease, type ii 10.2 IL10 IL5
31 conjunctivitis 10.2 IL5 RNASE3
32 mucocutaneous leishmaniasis 10.2 IL10 TNF
33 apple allergy 10.2 IL10 IL5
34 trachoma 10.2 IL10 TNF
35 eosinophilic meningitis 10.2 IL10 IL5
36 multicentric castleman disease 10.1 IL10 IL5
37 autoimmune gastritis 10.1 IL10 TNF
38 castleman disease 10.1 IL10 IL5
39 filarial elephantiasis 10.1 IL10 IL5
40 loeffler endocarditis 10.1 IL5 RNASE3
41 henoch-schoenlein purpura 10.1 CD79A RNASE3
42 autoimmune disease of eyes, ear, nose and throat 10.1 IL10 TNF
43 paragonimiasis 10.1 IL5 RNASE3
44 intermediate uveitis 10.1 IL10 TNF
45 cough variant asthma 10.1 IL5 RNASE3
46 transverse myelitis 10.1 IL10 TNF
47 post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease 10.1 IL10 TNF
48 atopic keratoconjunctivitis 10.1 IL5 RNASE3
49 primary systemic mycosis 10.1 IL10 TNF
50 mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia 10.1 IL10 TNF

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Cow Milk Allergy:



Diseases related to Cow Milk Allergy

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Cow Milk Allergy

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Cow Milk Allergy:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 liver/biliary system MP:0005370 9.55 CD79A IL10 IL5 LGALS3 TNF
2 neoplasm MP:0002006 9.35 CD79A IL10 IL5 LGALS3 TNF
3 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.02 BMP6 IL10 IL5 LGALS3 TNF

Drugs & Therapeutics for Cow Milk Allergy

Drugs for Cow Milk Allergy (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 36)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Caseins Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable,Early Phase 1
2 Chelating Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable,Early Phase 1
3 Soy Bean Phase 4,Not Applicable
4
Omalizumab Approved, Investigational Phase 2,Early Phase 1 242138-07-4
5 Acidophilus Phase 2,Not Applicable
6 Vaccines Phase 2,Not Applicable
7 Antibodies, Monoclonal Phase 2
8 Anti-Asthmatic Agents Phase 2,Early Phase 1
9 Immunologic Factors Phase 2
10 Antibodies Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
11 Respiratory System Agents Phase 2,Early Phase 1
12 Immunoglobulins Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
13 Anti-Allergic Agents Phase 2,Early Phase 1
14 Immunoglobulin E Phase 1, Phase 2,Phase 2,Not Applicable
15 Whey Protein Phase 2,Not Applicable
16 Cassava Phase 1
17
Calcium Carbonate Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 471-34-1
18
Phytonadione Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 84-80-0 4812 5284607
19 tannic acid Approved Not Applicable
20
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 94-09-7, 1994-09-7 2337
21
Menadione Approved, Nutraceutical Not Applicable 58-27-5 4055
22 Calcium, Dietary Not Applicable
23 Complement System Proteins Not Applicable
24 Dermatologic Agents
25 Micronutrients Not Applicable
26 Menaquinone Not Applicable
27 Flax Not Applicable
28 Trace Elements Not Applicable
29 Vitamin K Not Applicable
30 Antifibrinolytic Agents Not Applicable
31 Vitamins Not Applicable
32 Coagulants Not Applicable
33 naphthoquinone Not Applicable
34 Vitamin K 2 Not Applicable
35 Vitamin MK 7 Not Applicable
36 Hemostatics Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 94)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Growth, Safety and Tolerance of a Rice Protein Hydrolysate Formula in Infants With Cow's Milk Protein Allergy Unknown status NCT02405923 Phase 4
2 Safety of Oral Immunotherapy for Cow's Milk Allergy in School-aged Children Completed NCT01361347 Phase 4
3 Basophil Activation Test (BAT) Sensitivity in Child Food Allergy Recruiting NCT01966640 Phase 4
4 Parmigiano-Reggiano Cheese as a Possible Strategy to Acquire Oral Tolerance in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02081651 Phase 3
5 Cow Milk Allergy: Evaluation of the Efficacy of a New Thickened Extensively Hydrolyzed Formula in Infants With Confirmed Cow Milk Allergy Completed NCT02351531 Phase 3
6 Evaluation of the Hypoallergenicity of an Extensively Hydrolyzed Formula Completed NCT02711163 Phase 3
7 Improving the Safety of Oral Immunotherapy for Cow's Milk Allergy Recruiting NCT02216175 Phase 2, Phase 3
8 Epigenetic Effects Elicited By Lactobacillus GG In Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02062476 Phase 2
9 Evaluation of the Efficacy of a New Infant Formula in Subjects With Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02149134 Phase 2
10 Study to Assess Hypoallergenicity of a New Amino-acid Based Infant Formula in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02414243 Phase 2
11 Efficacy and Safety of Viaskin Milk in Children With IgE-Mediated Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02223182 Phase 1, Phase 2
12 The Effect of Baked Milk on Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT02738060 Phase 2
13 OIT and Xolair® (Omalizumab) in Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT01157117 Phase 2 Milk powder
14 Milk ALLERGY ELIMINATION THROUGH NAET® (Nambudripad's Allergy Elimination Techniques). Completed NCT00328731 Phase 1, Phase 2
15 Free Amino Acid-based Formula to Treat Children Cow's Milk Protein Allergy Completed NCT02536482 Phase 2
16 A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Oral Milk Immunotherapy for Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT00465569 Phase 1, Phase 2 cow's milk powder
17 Study of Milk Allergy and Tolerance in Children Completed NCT00778258 Phase 2
18 The Safety and Efficacy of Sublingual/Oral Immunotherapy for the Treatment of Milk Protein Allergy Completed NCT00732654 Phase 1, Phase 2 Milk Protein Extract Immunotherapy goal of 4mg/day;Milk Protein Extract Immunotherapy goal of 7mg/day;Milk Powder Immunotherapy goal dose 2000 mg/day;Milk Powder Immunotherapy goal dose 1000mg/day
19 A Clinical Study to Investigate the Effects of an Infant Formula Containing Partially Hydrolysed Proteins on Growth, Safety and Tolerance in Healthy Term Infants Completed NCT03062761 Phase 2
20 Tolerance of Infants With Cow's Milk Protein Allergy to Extensively Hydrolyzed Rice Protein or Casein Infant Formulas Completed NCT01909661 Phase 2
21 Milk Patch for Eosinophilic Esophagitis Active, not recruiting NCT02579876 Phase 2 Viaskin Milk 500 mcg;Viaskin Placebo
22 Impact of Infant Formula on Resolution of Cow's Milk Allergy Terminated NCT02719405 Phase 2
23 Baked Milk Oral Immunotherapy for Cow's Milk Allergy Enrolling by invitation NCT03462030 Phase 1 Baked non-fat cow's milk powder;Placebo: Tapioca Powder
24 Hypoallergenicity To Substitutive Formulas In Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02144428
25 Oral Tolerance in Cow’s Milk Allergy in the Infant Unknown status NCT00298376
26 Cow's Milk Allergy in Infants With Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) Unknown status NCT00659854 Not Applicable
27 Nutrition in Children With Food Allergy Unknown status NCT01583907
28 Effect Of Lactobacillus GG on Atopic March Unknown status NCT01891916 Not Applicable
29 Young Adults With Life Threatening Cow's Milk Allergy: Risks of Decrease Bone Mineralization and Methods of Calcium Supplementation Unknown status NCT01930266 Not Applicable
30 Use of Baked Milk in Oral Immunotherapy for Severe IgE-mediated Cow's Milk Protein Allergic Patients Unknown status NCT01968278 Not Applicable
31 Cow's Milk and Hen's Egg Hyposensitization in Adults Unknown status NCT02083471 Not Applicable
32 The Influence of Probiotics on the Immunologic Response to Vaccinations in Infants Unknown status NCT00645996 Not Applicable
33 Epigenetic Effects Involved in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy (EPICMA) Completed NCT02466035 Not Applicable
34 Effect of Therapy With Aminoacid Based Formula Versus Hydrolyzed Whey Proteins in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT02379598
35 Tolerance to a New Free Amino Acid-based Formula in Children With IgE or Non-IgE-mediated Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT01622426 Not Applicable
36 A Growth and Hypoallergenicity Study of a New Formula for Infants With Cow Milk Allergy Completed NCT00664768 Not Applicable
37 Cow's Milk Allergy and Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders Completed NCT01901380
38 Oral Immunotherapy in Cow's Milk Allergy (CMA) in Children : "Petit Lait" Study Completed NCT02465905 Not Applicable
39 Prevention of Cow's Milk Allergy in Children Completed NCT00792090 Not Applicable
40 Epigenetic Features of FoxP3 in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT02779881
41 Effects of Different Dietary Regimens on Tolerance Acquisition in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT01634490
42 Camel's Milk as a Safe Alternative in Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT01223885 Not Applicable
43 Specific Oral Tolerance Induction to Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT01199484 Not Applicable
44 Formula for Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT02317952 Not Applicable
45 Polymerized Beta-lactoglobulin Comparative Immunoreactivity Completed NCT01589731
46 Isomil Post Marketing Observational Study Completed NCT01809951
47 Tolerability and Safety of An Infant Formula Completed NCT00938483 Not Applicable
48 Evaluation of Hypoallergenicity of a New Extensively Hydrolyzed Formula Completed NCT02450643 Not Applicable
49 Sublingual Milk Immunotherapy in Children Completed NCT00874627 Not Applicable
50 Oral Immunotherapy With Baked Milk Products for Patients Allergic to Cow's Milk - A Multicenter Study Completed NCT01760837 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Cow Milk Allergy

Genetic Tests for Cow Milk Allergy

Anatomical Context for Cow Milk Allergy

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Cow Milk Allergy:

41
Liver, Testes, Breast, T Cells, Lung, Skin, Eye

Publications for Cow Milk Allergy

Articles related to Cow Milk Allergy:

(show top 50) (show all 69)
# Title Authors Year
1
Brazilian artisanal ripened cheeses as sources of proteolytic lactic acid bacteria capable of reducing cow milk allergy. ( 29654625 )
2018
2
Association between Caesarean Delivery and Isolated Doses of Formula Feeding in Cow Milk Allergy. ( 28787733 )
2017
3
Matrix effect on baked milk tolerance in children with IgE cow milk allergy. ( 27480790 )
2016
4
IgE-mediated cow milk allergy and infantile colic: diagnostic and management challenges. ( 23391944 )
2013
5
A comparison between two different in vitro basophil activation tests for gluten- and cow's milk protein sensitivity in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like patients. ( 23183757 )
2013
6
Impact of oral immunotherapy on quality of life in children with cow milk allergy: a pilot study. ( 23058033 )
2012
7
Characteristics of patients suffering from cow milk allergy. ( 22722049 )
2012
8
Allergen-specific responses of CD19(+)CD5(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory B cells (Bregs) and CD4(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cell (Tregs) in immune tolerance of cow milk allergy of late eczematous reactions. ( 22398308 )
2012
9
Response to: Cost-effectiveness of using an extensively hydrolysed formula compared to an amino acid formula as first-line treatment for cow milk allergy in the UK. ( 22985421 )
2012
10
Cost-effectiveness of using an extensively hydrolysed formula compared to an amino acid formula as first-line treatment for cow milk allergy in the UK. ( 22360663 )
2012
11
Non-IgE-mediated cow milk allergy is linked to early childhood clusters of commonly seen illnesses: a pilot study. ( 22013147 )
2012
12
Camel milk is a safer choice than goat milk for feeding children with cow milk allergy. ( 23724227 )
2011
13
Modelling the health economic impact of managing cow milk allergy in South Africa. ( 20469980 )
2010
14
Resource implications and budget impact of managing cow milk allergy in the UK. ( 20092426 )
2010
15
Basophil activation test based on the expression of CD203c in the diagnostics of cow milk allergy in children. ( 21147615 )
2010
16
Budget impact of managing cow milk allergy in the Netherlands. ( 20469979 )
2010
17
Characterisation of allergen-specific responses of IL-10-producing regulatory B cells (Br1) in Cow Milk Allergy. ( 20646682 )
2010
18
Oligosaccharide-induced whey-specific CD25(+) regulatory T-cells are involved in the suppression of cow milk allergy in mice. ( 20164372 )
2010
19
Diagnosis of cow milk allergy in the gut, never an easy task. ( 20711552 )
2010
20
A survey on clinical presentation and nutritional status of infants with suspected cow' milk allergy. ( 20416046 )
2010
21
Cow milk allergy symptoms are reduced in mice fed dietary synbiotics during oral sensitization with whey. ( 19474160 )
2009
22
Modelling the resource implications and budget impact of managing cow milk allergy in Australia. ( 19192978 )
2009
23
Duodenal intraepithelial lymphocytes of children with cow milk allergy preferentially bind the glycan-binding protein galectin-3. ( 19309568 )
2009
24
Tolerance to water buffalo milk in a child with cow milk allergy. ( 19441608 )
2009
25
Effects of heating and glycation of beta-lactoglobulin on its recognition by IgE of sera from cow milk allergy patients. ( 19489627 )
2009
26
Modelling the resource implications and budget impact of new reimbursement guidelines for the management of cow milk allergy in Finland. ( 18341760 )
2008
27
Specific oral tolerance induction in children with very severe cow-milk allergy. ( 20477567 )
2008
28
Lessons from the clinical course of IgE-mediated cow milk allergy in Israel. ( 17561928 )
2007
29
Hypogammaglobulinaemia secondary to cow-milk allergy in children under 2 years of age. ( 17498216 )
2007
30
Comparisons of a chicken-based formula with soy-based formula in infants with cow milk allergy. ( 18042533 )
2007
31
A follow-up study of nutrient intake, nutritional status, and growth in infants with cow milk allergy fed either a soy formula or an extensively hydrolysed whey formula. ( 16707991 )
2006
32
A follow-up study of nutrient intake, nutritional status, and growth in infants with cow milk allergy fed either a soy formula or an extensively hydrolyzed whey formula. ( 16002812 )
2005
33
Cesarean delivery and cow milk allergy/intolerance. ( 16076303 )
2005
34
The almond milk: a new approach to the management of cow-milk allergy/intolerance in infants. ( 16172596 )
2005
35
The role of cow milk allergy in increasing the severity of atopic dermatitis. ( 15015834 )
2004
36
Bone mineral status in children with cow milk allergy. ( 15610372 )
2004
37
Cow milk allergy presenting as colitis. ( 12802687 )
2003
38
Hematemesis in infants induced by cow milk allergy. ( 15198338 )
2003
39
Gastroesophageal reflux and cow milk allergy: is there a link? ( 12415039 )
2002
40
Oral desensitisation in cow milk allergy: immunological findings. ( 12593788 )
2002
41
Relation between weak HLA-DR expression on human breast milk macrophages and cow milk allergy (CMA) in suckling infants. ( 9890612 )
1999
42
Markedly high eosinophilia and an elevated serum IL-5 level in an infant with cow milk allergy. ( 10094215 )
1999
43
Soy protein for the prevention and treatment of children with cow-milk allergy. ( 9848515 )
1998
44
Oral cow milk challenge abolishes antigen-specific interferon-gamma production in the peripheral blood of children with atopic dermatitis and cow milk allergy. ( 9088654 )
1997
45
Cow-milk allergy. ( 21781812 )
1997
46
Cow milk allergy in infancy and early childhood. ( 8729658 )
1996
47
Efficacy and safety of hydrolyzed cow milk and amino acid-derived formulas in infants with cow milk allergy. ( 7562275 )
1995
48
Chronic constipation as a symptom of cow milk allergy. ( 7815220 )
1995
49
The cow milk allergy complex: overlapping disease profiles in infancy. ( 8647057 )
1995
50
Cow's milk protein sensitivity: a possible cause of nephrotic syndrome in early infancy. ( 7472914 )
1995

Variations for Cow Milk Allergy

Expression for Cow Milk Allergy

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cow Milk Allergy.

Pathways for Cow Milk Allergy

Pathways related to Cow Milk Allergy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 23)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.62 CD79A IL10 IL5 LGALS3 RNASE3 TNF
2
Show member pathways
12.47 IL10 IL5 RNASE3 TNF
3
Show member pathways
12.33 CD79A IL10 TNF
4
Show member pathways
12.3 IL10 IL5 TNF
5
Show member pathways
12.28 CD79A IL5 TNF
6
Show member pathways
12.08 IL10 IL5 TNF
7 12.07 CD79A IL10 LGALS3 TNF
8
Show member pathways
11.88 BMP6 IL10 IL5 TNF
9
Show member pathways
11.78 BMP6 IL10 IL5
10 11.41 IL10 IL5
11 11.4 IL5 TNF
12 11.4 IL10 IL5 TNF
13 11.26 IL10 TNF
14 11.25 IL10 TNF
15 11.2 IL10 IL5
16 11.07 IL10 TNF
17 11.05 IL10 TNF
18 10.99 CD79A IL10 IL5 TNF
19 10.98 IL5 TNF
20 10.87 IL10 IL5
21 10.69 BMP6 IL10 IL5 TNF
22 10.61 BMP6 IL10 IL5 TNF
23 10.59 IL10 IL5 TNF

GO Terms for Cow Milk Allergy

Cellular components related to Cow Milk Allergy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.43 BMP6 IL10 IL5 LGALS3 RNASE3 TNF
2 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.1 BMP6 IL10 IL5 LGALS3 RNASE3 TNF

Biological processes related to Cow Milk Allergy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 22)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 immune response GO:0006955 9.78 BMP6 IL10 IL5 TNF
2 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0019221 9.76 IL10 IL5 TNF
3 defense response to bacterium GO:0042742 9.73 IL10 RNASE3 TNF
4 regulation of signaling receptor activity GO:0010469 9.73 BMP6 IL10 IL5 TNF
5 inflammatory response GO:0006954 9.62 BMP6 IL10 IL5 TNF
6 positive regulation of protein localization to plasma membrane GO:1903078 9.61 LGALS3 TNF
7 positive regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation GO:1904707 9.6 IL10 TNF
8 response to activity GO:0014823 9.59 BMP6 IL10
9 negative regulation of mitotic cell cycle GO:0045930 9.58 IL10 TNF
10 positive regulation of DNA-binding transcription factor activity GO:0051091 9.58 IL10 IL5 TNF
11 B cell proliferation GO:0042100 9.57 CD79A IL10
12 negative regulation of interleukin-6 production GO:0032715 9.55 IL10 TNF
13 positive regulation of cytokine secretion GO:0050715 9.54 IL10 TNF
14 regulation of synapse organization GO:0050807 9.52 IL10 TNF
15 negative regulation of growth of symbiont in host GO:0044130 9.51 IL10 TNF
16 positive regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion GO:0034116 9.49 IL10 TNF
17 positive regulation of podosome assembly GO:0071803 9.46 IL5 TNF
18 endothelial cell apoptotic process GO:0072577 9.37 IL10 TNF
19 response to glucocorticoid GO:0051384 9.33 BMP6 IL10 TNF
20 negative regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response GO:0002740 9.26 IL10 TNF
21 positive regulation of mononuclear cell migration GO:0071677 8.96 LGALS3 TNF
22 receptor biosynthetic process GO:0032800 8.62 IL10 TNF

Molecular functions related to Cow Milk Allergy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 growth factor activity GO:0008083 9.13 BMP6 IL10 IL5
2 cytokine activity GO:0005125 8.92 BMP6 IL10 IL5 TNF

Sources for Cow Milk Allergy

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
Content
Loading form....