Aliases & Classifications for Echolalia

MalaCards integrated aliases for Echolalia:

Name: Echolalia 12 44 15 70

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:4188
MeSH 44 D004454
NCIt 50 C97166
SNOMED-CT 67 64712007
UMLS 70 C0013528

Summaries for Echolalia

Disease Ontology : 12 A speech disorder that involves the automatic repetition of vocalizations made by another person.

MalaCards based summary : Echolalia is related to gilles de la tourette syndrome and autism spectrum disorder, and has symptoms including photophobia, restlessness and scanning speech. An important gene associated with Echolalia is PRODH (Proline Dehydrogenase 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Neuroscience and Protein-protein interactions at synapses. Affiliated tissues include cortex, cingulate cortex and brain.

Wikipedia : 73 Echolalia is the unsolicited repetition of vocalizations made by another person (when repeated by the... more...

Related Diseases for Echolalia

Diseases related to Echolalia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 107)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 gilles de la tourette syndrome 31.8 NRXN1 NLGN4X GTSCR1 CNTNAP2
2 autism spectrum disorder 30.8 PRODH NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 MECP2 FOXP2
3 frontotemporal lobar degeneration with tdp43 inclusions, grn-related 30.0 MAPT GRN
4 aphasia 29.7 MAPT GRN FOXP2 C9orf72
5 autism 29.3 PRODH NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 MECP2 MAPT
6 semantic dementia 29.2 MAPT GRN C9orf72
7 supranuclear palsy, progressive, 1 29.1 MAPT GRN C9orf72
8 apraxia 29.1 MAPT GRN FOXP2 CNTNAP2 C9orf72
9 mutism 28.9 MAPT GRN FMR1 CNTNAP2 C9orf72
10 chromosome 15q11-q13 duplication syndrome 10.9
11 frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism-17 10.9
12 stereotypic movement disorder 10.4 PRODH MECP2
13 schizoid personality disorder 10.4 PRODH FMR1
14 childhood apraxia of speech 10.3 FOXP2 CNTNAP2
15 valproate embryopathy 10.3 NLGN3 MECP2
16 pitt-hopkins-like syndrome 10.3 NRXN1 CNTNAP2
17 gait apraxia 10.3 MECP2 GRN
18 sotos syndrome 1 10.3 PRODH MECP2 FMR1
19 landau-kleffner syndrome 10.3 MECP2 CNTNAP2
20 color agnosia 10.3 GRN CNTNAP2
21 gene duplication disease 10.3 MECP2 FMR1
22 schizophrenia 18 10.2 PRODH NRXN1
23 meier-gorlin syndrome 2 10.2 FMR1 CNTNAP2
24 epilepsy, idiopathic generalized 9 10.2 FMR1 CNTNAP2
25 x-linked monogenic disease 10.2 PRODH NLGN3 MECP2 FMR1
26 dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency 10.2 DPYD-IT1 DPYD-AS2 DPYD-AS1
27 pitt-hopkins syndrome 10.1 NRXN1 MECP2 CNTNAP2
28 pitt-hopkins-like syndrome 2 10.1 NRXN1 NLGN4X
29 phobia, specific 10.1 PRODH FMR1
30 schizophreniform disorder 10.1 PRODH NRXN1
31 chromosomal deletion syndrome 10.1 PRODH NRXN1 MECP2 FMR1
32 chromosomal disease 10.1 PRODH NRXN1 MECP2 FMR1
33 potocki-lupski syndrome 10.1 PRODH NRXN1 NLGN3 MECP2
34 gerstmann syndrome 10.1 MAPT GRN
35 kaufman oculocerebrofacial syndrome 10.1 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 FMR1
36 visual agnosia 10.0 MAPT GRN
37 alexia 10.0 MAPT GRN
38 asperger syndrome 10.0 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 MECP2
39 specific language impairment 10.0 NRXN1 NLGN4X FOXP2 CNTNAP2
40 velocardiofacial syndrome 10.0 PRODH NRXN1 MECP2 FMR1 CNTNAP2
41 dyscalculia 10.0 PRODH MAPT GRN
42 otopalatodigital syndrome, type i 10.0
43 chromosome 16p13.3 deletion syndrome, proximal 10.0
44 frontotemporal dementia and/or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 7 10.0 MAPT GRN
45 focal epilepsy 10.0 MECP2 MAPT CNTNAP2
46 tic disorder 10.0 PRODH NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 CNTNAP2
47 chromosomal duplication syndrome 10.0 PRODH MECP2 MAPT FMR1
48 atypical autism 10.0 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 MECP2 FMR1
49 apperceptive agnosia 10.0 GRN C9orf72
50 pitt-hopkins-like syndrome 1 9.9 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 MECP2 CNTNAP2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Echolalia:



Diseases related to Echolalia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Echolalia

UMLS symptoms related to Echolalia:


photophobia; restlessness; scanning speech; personality changes; pseudobulbar behavioral symptoms; sleep disturbances; other symbolic dysfunction; mental and behavioral signs and symptoms

Drugs & Therapeutics for Echolalia

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Echolalia

Cochrane evidence based reviews: echolalia

Genetic Tests for Echolalia

Anatomical Context for Echolalia

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Echolalia:

40
Cortex, Cingulate Cortex, Brain

Publications for Echolalia

Articles related to Echolalia:

(show top 50) (show all 256)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Echolalia in patients with primary progressive aphasia. 61
33305428 2021
2
Echolalia: Paying attention to a forgotten clinical feature of primary progressive aphasia. 61
33386642 2021
3
Hyperkinesias and Echolalia in Primary Familial Brain Calcification. 61
33170525 2021
4
Echolalia: Presentation of Steroid-Responsive Encephalopathy Associated with Autoimmune Thyroiditis. 61
32607670 2021
5
Congenital Blindness and Autism Spectrum Disorder. 61
33433139 2021
6
Revisiting lorazepam challenge test: Clinical response with dose variations and utility for catatonia in a psychiatric emergency setting. 61
33124447 2020
7
Catatonia with GABAA receptor antibodies. 61
31771952 2020
8
The Influence of Language Context on Repetitive Speech Use in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. 61
32004083 2020
9
A case report on crossed aphasia in dextrals: Consideration about clinical features and neural network. 61
31651891 2019
10
Elevated mirror neuron system activity in bipolar mania: Evidence from a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. 61
30422373 2019
11
Improvement of Post Stroke Echolalia after Using Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors. 61
31097970 2019
12
Repetitive verbal behaviors are not always harmful signs: Compensatory plasticity within the language network in aphasia. 61
30665003 2019
13
Gogi (Word Meaning) Aphasia and Its Relation with Semantic Dementia. 61
31220829 2019
14
Language as a Threat: Multimodal Evaluation and Interventions for Overwhelming Linguistic Anxiety in Severe Aphasia. 61
31133908 2019
15
Two Sides of the Same Coin: A Case Report of First-Episode Catatonic Syndrome in a High-Functioning Autism Patient. 61
31031660 2019
16
Focal Electrographic Seizures in a Patient With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Speech Delay. 61
30461592 2018
17
Being vs. Appearing Socially Uninterested: Challenging Assumptions about Social Motivation in Autism. 61
29914590 2018
18
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration due to P301L tau mutation showing apathy and severe frontal atrophy but lacking other behavioral changes: A case report and literature review. 61
29105852 2018
19
Non-Neurogenic Language Disorders: A Preliminary Classification. 61
28911819 2018
20
Autism spectrum disorders and disease modeling using stem cells. 61
28918504 2018
21
Jumping Frenchmen, Miryachit, and Latah: Culture-Specific Hyperstartle-Plus Syndromes. 61
29151096 2018
22
Catatonia Under-Diagnosis in the General Hospital. 61
29325478 2018
23
Pali and Echo Phenomena: Symptoms of Persistence and Perseveration. 61
29145181 2018
24
Intermittent catatonia and complex automatisms caused by frontal lobe epilepsy in dementia. 61
29237665 2017
25
A Neural Basis for Contagious Yawning. 61
28867202 2017
26
[German version of the Northoff catatonia rating scale (NCRS-dv) : A validated instrument for measuring catatonic symptoms]. 61
27325247 2017
27
Association between speech-language, general cognitive functioning and behaviour problems in individuals with Williams syndrome. 61
28612476 2017
28
Sign Language Echolalia in Deaf Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. 61
28586822 2017
29
Identification of Two Heritable Cross-Disorder Endophenotypes for Tourette Syndrome. 61
27809572 2017
30
Posterior fossa syndrome with a large inflammatory ponto-mesencephalic lesion. 61
27842285 2017
31
Hashimoto's Encephalopathy Presenting with Unusual Behavioural Disturbances in an Adolescent Girl. 61
28607558 2017
32
Thinking on Treating Echolalia in Aphasia: Recommendations and Caveats for Future Research Directions. 61
28420974 2017
33
Unusual psychotic presentation after discontinuation of treatment in a patient with Wilson's disease: a case report. 61
27996315 2016
34
Validation of the Pediatric Catatonia Rating Scale (PCRS). 61
27377978 2016
35
PSP-CBS with Dopamine Deficiency in a Female with a FMR1 Premutation. 61
27230899 2016
36
A Multidimensional Reappraisal of Language in Autism: Insights from a Discourse Analytic Study. 61
26701673 2016
37
Language and Speech in Autism. 61
28127576 2016
38
[Catatonia is often overlooked in child and adolescent psychiatry]. 61
26750196 2016
39
Catatonia in Ugandan children with nodding syndrome and effects of treatment with lorazepam: a pilot study. 61
26710961 2015
40
Non-convulsive status epilepticus: a practical approach to diagnosis in confused older people. 61
26399267 2015
41
Examining the Echolalia Literature: Where Do Speech-Language Pathologists Stand? 61
26161804 2015
42
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome in a cohort of deaf people. 61
26216703 2015
43
[Echolalia and progressive supranuclear palsy, an unexpected association]. 61
26178519 2015
44
Acute Psychosis after Recent Isoniazid Initiation. 61
26266198 2015
45
[Catatonia]. 61
25858694 2015
46
Are there distinct subtypes in Tourette syndrome? Pure-Tourette syndrome versus Tourette syndrome-plus, and simple versus complex tics. 61
26089672 2015
47
The role of β3 integrin gene variants in Autism Spectrum Disorders--diagnosis and symptomatology. 61
25280596 2014
48
Acute toxicity associated with the recreational use of the novel dissociative psychoactive substance methoxphenidine. 61
25350467 2014
49
Preliminary findings of similarities and differences in the signed and spoken language of children with autism. 61
25321855 2014
50
[Introduction and transformation of the psychiatric term "anancasm". From Gyula (Julius) Donáth via Kurt Schneider to ICD-10]. 61
24036702 2014

Variations for Echolalia

Expression for Echolalia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Echolalia.

Pathways for Echolalia

Pathways related to Echolalia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 11.79 MECP2 MAPT FMR1 CNTNAP2
2
Show member pathways
11.45 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3
3 11.1 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 CNTNAP2

GO Terms for Echolalia

Cellular components related to Echolalia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 dendrite GO:0030425 9.77 NLGN4X MAPT FMR1 CNTNAP2 C9orf72
2 postsynapse GO:0098794 9.63 NLGN3 MECP2 FMR1
3 glial cell projection GO:0097386 9.43 MAPT FMR1
4 axolemma GO:0030673 9.4 MAPT CNTNAP2
5 spanning component of membrane GO:0089717 9.32 NLGN4X NLGN3
6 main axon GO:0044304 9.26 MAPT C9orf72
7 presynapse GO:0098793 9.26 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 FMR1
8 asymmetric, glutamatergic, excitatory synapse GO:0098985 9.16 NLGN4X NLGN3
9 symmetric, GABA-ergic, inhibitory synapse GO:0098983 8.62 NLGN4X NLGN3

Biological processes related to Echolalia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 chemical synaptic transmission GO:0007268 9.81 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 MECP2
2 neuron projection development GO:0031175 9.76 NRXN1 MECP2 MAPT CNTNAP2
3 synapse assembly GO:0007416 9.71 NRXN1 NLGN3 MECP2 MAPT
4 synapse organization GO:0050808 9.67 NLGN4X NLGN3 MAPT
5 neuron cell-cell adhesion GO:0007158 9.61 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3
6 adult behavior GO:0030534 9.56 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 CNTNAP2
7 stress granule assembly GO:0034063 9.55 MAPT C9orf72
8 learning GO:0007612 9.55 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 MECP2 CNTNAP2
9 presynapse assembly GO:0099054 9.54 NLGN4X NLGN3
10 presynaptic membrane assembly GO:0097105 9.54 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3
11 regulation of respiratory gaseous exchange by neurological system process GO:0002087 9.52 NLGN3 MECP2
12 postsynaptic membrane assembly GO:0097104 9.5 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3
13 vocal learning GO:0042297 9.48 NRXN1 CNTNAP2
14 vocalization behavior GO:0071625 9.26 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 CNTNAP2
15 social behavior GO:0035176 9.02 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3 MECP2 CNTNAP2

Molecular functions related to Echolalia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 neurexin family protein binding GO:0042043 9.16 NLGN4X NLGN3
2 siRNA binding GO:0035197 8.96 MECP2 FMR1
3 cell adhesion molecule binding GO:0050839 8.8 NRXN1 NLGN4X NLGN3

Sources for Echolalia

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
20 GARD
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 20-May-2021)
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 Tocris
70 UMLS
71 UMLS via Orphanet
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