Aliases & Classifications for Exostosis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Exostosis:

Name: Exostosis 12 15
Osteophyte 12 74
Exostoses 45 74
Cartilaginous Exostosis 74
Swimmer's Exostosis 12
Exostosis of Orbit 74
Orbital Exostosis 12
External Exotoses 74
Bony Outgrowth 12
Bone Spur 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:203
ICD9CM 36 726.91
MeSH 45 D005096
NCIt 51 C3029
SNOMED-CT 69 80400009
ICD10 34 M25.7 M27.8

Summaries for Exostosis

Disease Ontology : 12 A hyperostosis that involves formation of new bone on the surface of preexisting bone.

MalaCards based summary : Exostosis, also known as osteophyte, is related to trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type ii and osteochondroma. An important gene associated with Exostosis is EXT1 (Exostosin Glycosyltransferase 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are heparan sulfate biosynthesis and Cell adhesion_ECM remodeling. The drugs Etoricoxib and Tramadol have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include bone, spinal cord and bone marrow.

Wikipedia : 77 An exostosis, also known as bone spur, is the formation of new bone on the surface of a bone. Exostoses... more...

Related Diseases for Exostosis

Diseases related to Exostosis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 171)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type ii 32.6 EXT1 EXTL1
2 osteochondroma 32.6 EXT1 EXT2
3 hereditary multiple exostoses 32.4 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2
4 exostoses, multiple, type i 32.2 EXT1 EXT2
5 hereditary multiple osteochondromas 31.7 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2
6 enchondromatosis, multiple, ollier type 31.6 EXT1 EXT2
7 exostoses, multiple, type ii 12.7
8 exostoses, multiple, type iii 12.5
9 exostosis, dupuytren subungual 12.2
10 exostoses with anetodermia and brachydactyly, type e 12.1
11 spasticity multiple exostoses 12.1
12 exostoses of heel 12.0
13 multiple exostoses with spastic tetraparesis 12.0
14 polyposis, intestinal, with multiple exostoses 12.0
15 craniosynostosis exostoses nevus epibulbar dermoid 12.0
16 potocki-shaffer syndrome 11.7
17 metachondromatosis 11.6
18 hyperostosis 11.4
19 heel spur 11.2
20 bicipital tenosynovitis 11.1
21 ear exostoses 11.1
22 torus palatinus and torus mandibularis 11.1
23 diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis 10.3
24 chondrosarcoma 10.3
25 thrombosis 10.3
26 spondylosis 10.2
27 dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica 10.2 EXT1 EXT2
28 multiple enchondromatosis, maffucci type 10.2 EXT1 EXT2
29 arthropathy 10.1
30 radiculopathy 10.1
31 trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type i 10.1 EXT1 EXTL1
32 autism 10.1
33 spondylosis, cervical 10.1
34 psoriatic arthritis 10.0
35 proteus syndrome 10.0
36 ataxia, combined cerebellar and peripheral, with hearing loss and diabetes mellitus 10.0
37 leukemia 10.0
38 thrombophilia due to thrombin defect 10.0
39 osteoid osteoma 10.0
40 osteoarthritis 10.0
41 brachydactyly 10.0
42 scoliosis 10.0
43 pneumothorax 10.0
44 ischemia 10.0
45 syringomyelia 10.0
46 peroneal nerve paralysis 10.0
47 bunion 10.0
48 spondyloarthropathy 1 10.0
49 carpal tunnel syndrome 10.0
50 mononeuropathy of the median nerve, mild 10.0

Comorbidity relations with Exostosis via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):


Hypertension, Essential

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Exostosis:



Diseases related to Exostosis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Exostosis

Drugs & Therapeutics for Exostosis

Drugs for Exostosis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 91)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Etoricoxib Approved, Investigational Phase 4 202409-33-4 123619
2
Tramadol Approved, Investigational Phase 4 27203-92-5 33741
3
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 83-43-2 6741
4
Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate Approved Phase 4 2921-57-5
5
Prednisolone phosphate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 302-25-0
6
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-24-8 5755
7
Prednisolone hemisuccinate Experimental Phase 4 2920-86-7
8 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
9 Immunologic Factors Phase 4,Not Applicable
10 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 4,Not Applicable
11 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
12 Narcotics Phase 4
13 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
14 Analgesics Phase 4,Not Applicable
15 Analgesics, Opioid Phase 4
16 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 4,Not Applicable
17 Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors Phase 4
18 Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors Phase 4
19 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4,Not Applicable
20 Hormones Phase 4,Phase 3
21 Autonomic Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
22 Neuroprotective Agents Phase 4
23 Antiemetics Phase 4
24 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4
25 Methylprednisolone Acetate Phase 4
26 glucocorticoids Phase 4
27 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
28 Protective Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
29 Prednisolone acetate Phase 4
30 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
31 Antibodies, Monoclonal Phase 4
32 Antibodies Phase 4
33 Immunoglobulins Phase 4
34
Salmon Calcitonin Approved, Investigational Phase 3 47931-85-1 16129616
35
Alitretinoin Approved, Investigational Phase 3 5300-03-8 449171 444795
36
Calcium Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 3,Not Applicable 7440-70-2 271
37
Calcitonin gene-related peptide Investigational Phase 3 83652-28-2
38 Vasodilator Agents Phase 3
39 Katacalcin Phase 3
40 Bone Density Conservation Agents Phase 3
41 Calcium, Dietary Phase 3,Not Applicable
42 calcitonin Phase 3
43 Dermatologic Agents Phase 3
44 Mitogens Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
45
Coal tar Approved Phase 1, Phase 2,Phase 2 8007-45-2
46
Tretinoin Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical Phase 2 302-79-4 444795 5538
47 Anesthetics Phase 1, Phase 2,Phase 2,Not Applicable
48 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 2,Not Applicable
49
Certolizumab pegol Approved 428863-50-7
50
Adalimumab Approved 331731-18-1 16219006

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 89)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 A Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Transferring the Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon Unknown status NCT01341509 Phase 4
2 The Effect of Anti-inflammatory Analgesics on Pain Following Hallux Valgus Surgery Completed NCT00733421 Phase 4 etoricoxib;tramadol
3 Prevention of Heterotopic Ossification With Arcoxia After Total Hip Replacement Completed NCT01022190 Phase 4 Etoricoxib (Arcoxia)
4 Chronic Insertional Achilles Tendonitis Treated With or Without Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon Transfer Completed NCT00950053 Phase 4
5 Predicting Response to Intra-Articular Corticosteroid Injection in Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Glenohumeral Joint Recruiting NCT03232749 Phase 4 corticosteroid injections
6 Amniotic Membrane as an Adjunct Treatment for Hallux Rigidus Active, not recruiting NCT01825356 Phase 4
7 PsA Secukinumab XCT Structural Progression Study Not yet recruiting NCT03623867 Phase 4 Secukinumab;Placebo
8 Study on the Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spine Stenosis With a Percutaneous Interspinous Implant Terminated NCT01057641 Phase 4
9 Study to Investigate the Performance of Cervical Arthroplasty for the Treatment of Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease Terminated NCT00700739 Phase 4
10 Post-Approval Clinical Trial of the PCM® Cervical Disc Completed NCT01905930 Phase 3
11 Efficacy and Safety of Oral Salmon Calcitonin in Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis Completed NCT00486434 Phase 3 SMC021 Oral Calcitonin;SMC021 Placebo
12 Efficacy and Safety of a Retinoid in the Treatment of Severe Chronic Hand Eczema Completed NCT00817063 Phase 3 alitretinoin;Placebo
13 Study to Determine the Efficacy and Effectiveness of TG-C in Subjects With Kellgren/Lawrence Grade 2 or 3 OA of the Knee Not yet recruiting NCT03291470 Phase 3
14 A Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of TG-C in Subjects With Kellgren and Lawrence Grade 2 or 3 OA of the Knee Suspended NCT03203330 Phase 3
15 Evaluation of Two Types of PRP in Knee Osteoarthritis Unknown status NCT02923310 Phase 1, Phase 2 Hialuronic Acid
16 Surgical Management of Spinal Cord Injuries In Neck Unknown status NCT00475748 Phase 2
17 Autologous Stem Cells in Achilles Tendinopathy Unknown status NCT02064062 Phase 2
18 Flexible Footwear and Insole in Heel Pain Unknown status NCT03040557 Phase 1, Phase 2
19 Effectiveness and Safety of Autologous ADRC for Treatment of Degenerative Damage of Knee Articular Cartilage Completed NCT02219113 Phase 1, Phase 2
20 An Efficacy and Safety Study of Palovarotene for the Treatment of MO Recruiting NCT03442985 Phase 2 Palovarotene 2.5 mg;Palovarotene 5.0 mg
21 Effectiveness and Safety of Autologous ADRC for Treatment of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Partial Rupture Enrolling by invitation NCT02469792 Phase 1, Phase 2
22 Autologous Stromal Vascular Fraction of Cells for Treatment of Knee Articular Cartilage Dystrophy Enrolling by invitation NCT02827851 Phase 2
23 The Safety/Efficacy of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells(19#iSCLife®-OA) Therapy for Patients With Osteoarthritis Not yet recruiting NCT03383081 Phase 2
24 Sprifermin (AS902330) in Cartilage Injury Repair (CIR) Terminated NCT01066871 Phase 2 Sprifermin (AS902330) 10 mcg;Sprifermin (AS902330) 30 mcg;Sprifermin (AS902330) 100 mcg
25 A Phase 1, Double-Blind, Randomized, Single Dose Escalation Safety Study of Intra-articular OP-1 in Subjects With Osteoarthritis of the Knee Completed NCT00456157 Phase 1 Intra-articular Injection of OP-1 to affected knee
26 Comparing the Efficacy of Periarticular Bone Structure in Patients Treated With Either Tocilizumab or Tumor Necrosis Factor Blockers Unknown status NCT02778789 Tocilizumab;TNF-alpha Inhibitor
27 The Histological Effect of Various Microfracture Techniques on Human Chondral & Sub-chondral Tissue - an Ex-Vivo Study Unknown status NCT03016299
28 Distal Erosions and Nail Psoriasis Unknown status NCT02813720
29 Patellar Resurfacing Under Subvastus Approach in Total Knee Arthroplasty Unknown status NCT02683460 Not Applicable
30 Surgical or Exercise Therapy on Patients With Degenerative Meniscus Tears Unknown status NCT01002794 Not Applicable
31 Baxter: Actifuse SHAPE vs DBX in ACC Unknown status NCT02005081 Not Applicable
32 Evaluation of Effectiveness of Selected Physical and Kinesiotherapeutic Methods in Patients With Lower Calcaneal Spur Unknown status NCT02934100 Not Applicable
33 The Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Hereditary Multiple Exostoses Completed NCT00474448
34 NGS Strategy Effectiveness in Molecular Diagnosis Completed NCT03557567
35 Effect of Chosen Treatment Methods in Patients With Cervical Spine Osteoarthritis Completed NCT03683602 Not Applicable
36 Immediate Effects Of Alliance Therapy In Modulation Of Pain And Disability In Subjects With Knee Osteoarthritis Completed NCT03928054 Not Applicable
37 Weight Management and Coping Skills Training For Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis Completed NCT00305890 Not Applicable
38 The Three-dimensional Gait Analysis of Medial Knee Osteoarthritis Completed NCT02878239
39 MaxAn Post Market Surveillance Validation Completed NCT01343693
40 Patellar Resurfacing in Total Knee Arthroplasty Completed NCT00553982 Not Applicable
41 Observational Study Rheumatological Manifestations Associated With Endometriosis Completed NCT02826980
42 Can Shoulder Arthroscopy Work Completed NCT01623011 Not Applicable
43 Cone-beam vs Multidetector Computed Tomography (CT) for Arthrography of the Wrist, Ankle, Elbow and Knee Completed NCT01771393 Not Applicable
44 DTI of the Brain and Cervical Spine: Evaluation in Normal Subjects and Patients With Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Completed NCT01868958
45 PET Imaging of Hemophilic Arthropathy Completed NCT03485170 Not Applicable
46 The Effect of High Intensity Laser Therapy in the Management of Painful Calcaneal Spur Completed NCT03907085 Not Applicable
47 The Norwegian Cervical Arthroplasty Trial Completed NCT00735176 Not Applicable
48 A Comparison of the Analgesic Efficacies of Ultrasound and Shock Wave Therapy in the Patients With Calcaneal Spur Completed NCT01510249
49 Effects of Myofascial Trigger Point Dry Cupping on Plantar Heel Pain Completed NCT02895698 Not Applicable
50 Effectiveness of Manual Therapy Combined With Standard Treatment in the Management of Plantar Fasciitis Completed NCT01439932 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Exostosis

Cochrane evidence based reviews: exostoses

Genetic Tests for Exostosis

Anatomical Context for Exostosis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Exostosis:

42
Bone, Spinal Cord, Bone Marrow, Brain, Lung, Eye, Myeloid

Publications for Exostosis

Articles related to Exostosis:

(show top 50) (show all 792)
# Title Authors Year
1
Anterior osteophyte resection of the ankle joint to increase range of motion in haemophilic ankle arthropathy. ( 30866148 )
2019
2
Characteristics and Clinical Course of Dysphagia Caused by Anterior Cervical Osteophyte. ( 30852868 )
2019
3
Cervical Cord Compression by Exostosis. ( 30704359 )
2019
4
Multiple Maxillar Exostosis: Teaching point: Multiple buccal exostosis are rare but asymptomatic, unequivocal, and always benign conditions of the jaws. ( 30972382 )
2019
5
Subungual Exostosis - Clinical, Radiological, and Histological Findings. ( 30984605 )
2019
6
A 40-Year-Old Male Presenting with Hereditary Multiple Exostosis: Management and Considerations. ( 31001440 )
2019
7
Subungual exostosis in an 8-year-old child: clinical and dermoscopic description. ( 31090834 )
2019
8
Acquired exostosis: a case report and review of literature. ( 28922700 )
2019
9
Gradual ulnar lengthening by an Ilizarov ring fixator for correction of Masada IIb forearm deformity without tumor excision in hereditary multiple exostosis: preliminary results. ( 29995654 )
2019
10
Subungual exostosis with postoperative recurrence followed by spontaneous regression. ( 30118137 )
2019
11
Dermoscopic features of subungual exostosis. ( 30187460 )
2019
12
Oral maxillary exostosis. ( 30656046 )
2019
13
Evolution of a Schmorl's Node and a Degenerative Osteophyte on Sequential 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT Scans: Potential Pitfalls in Neuroendocrine Tumor Imaging. ( 30418207 )
2019
14
Comparison of meniscal extrusion and osteophyte formation at the intercondylar notch as a predictive biomarker for incidence of knee osteoarthritis-Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. ( 30166083 )
2019
15
Osteophyte piercing of the dura. ( 29978235 )
2019
16
Prevalence of Anterior Femoral Neck Osteophyte in a Total Hip Arthroplasty Population: Analysis of Preoperative Surgical Plans. ( 30941222 )
2019
17
Extraforaminal L5 Nerve Root Compression Caused by Intervertebral Osteophyte Accompanied by Lumbosacral Transitional Vertebra: A Case Treated by Anterior Approach. ( 31009779 )
2019
18
Controlling joint instability after anterior cruciate ligament transection inhibits transforming growth factor-beta-mediated osteophyte formation. ( 31026650 )
2019
19
Unilateral head rotation as an effective swallowing compensation method in dysphagia related to anterior cervical spine osteophyte. ( 30335635 )
2018
20
Clinical evaluation of surgery for osteophyte-associated dysphagia using the functional outcome swallowing scale. ( 30067834 )
2018
21
Haberland Syndrome Associated With Calvarial Exostosis. ( 28863121 )
2018
22
Subungual exostosis on index finger in a child. ( 29350203 )
2018
23
Prominent exostosis projecting from the occipital squama more substantial and prevalent in young adult than older age groups. ( 29463874 )
2018
24
Subungual Exostosis in a Young Soccer Player. ( 29483981 )
2018
25
Internal auditory canal exostosis: A technical case report. ( 29629231 )
2018
26
Subungual exostosis and subungual osteochondromas: a description of 25 cases. ( 29704255 )
2018
27
False Aneurysm of the Popliteal Artery Complicated by a Deep Venous Thrombosis Revealing an Exostosis in a 20-Year-Old Woman. ( 29787853 )
2018
28
Surfer's exostosis in a child who does not surf. ( 29849851 )
2018
29
Hereditary exostosis missed by MRI. ( 29901754 )
2018
30
Subungual Exostosis Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. ( 30156888 )
2018
31
Bilateral exostosis of the external auditory canal: Surfer's ear. ( 30233044 )
2018
32
The role of EXT1 gene mutation and its high expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the development of multiple exostosis. ( 30262140 )
2018
33
Elevated Hypertrophy, Growth Plate Maturation, Glycosaminoglycan Deposition and Exostosis Formation in The Hspg2 Exon 3 Null  Mouse Intervertebral Disc. ( 30563944 )
2018
34
Controlled release of celecoxib inhibits inflammation, bone cysts and osteophyte formation in a preclinical model of osteoarthritis. ( 29890922 )
2018
35
Renal Artery Dissection in a Patient With Degenerative Scoliosis: A Rare Complication Caused by Lumbar Vertebra Osteophyte. ( 29495958 )
2018
36
Updating superficial siderosis of the central nervous system: bleeding of a dorsal osteophyte into the subarachnoid space from a perforating artery. ( 30485230 )
2018
37
Controlling Abnormal Joint Movement Inhibits Response of Osteophyte Formation. ( 28397529 )
2018
38
Anterior Cervical Osteophyte Presenting as a Pharyngeal Mass. ( 28739113 )
2018
39
Beauty parlor stroke syndrome due to a bone fragment from an osteophyte of the atlas: case report. ( 29372864 )
2018
40
Vertebral Osteophyte as Possible Etiology of Aortoenteric Fistula. ( 29421413 )
2018
41
Confirmation of the Influence of Descending Aorta on Osteophyte Formation in Dish. ( 29461344 )
2018
42
A selective c-Fos/AP-1 inhibitor prevents cartilage destruction and subsequent osteophyte formation. ( 29476740 )
2018
43
Lumbar Osteophyte Avid on 68Ga-Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen PET/CT. ( 29538033 )
2018
44
Effects of a phosphocitrate analogue on osteophyte, subchondral bone advance, and bone marrow lesions in Hartley guinea pigs. ( 29682281 )
2018
45
Claw osteophyte: Spine. ( 30309166 )
2018
46
Handheld Osteotomes Facilitate Arthroscopic Elbow Osteophyte Removal. ( 30377583 )
2018
47
[Identification of a novel EXT1 mutation in a pedigree affected with hereditary multiple exostosis]. ( 29419870 )
2018
48
Extracranial internal carotid artery dissection caused by compression from a giant osteophyte due to atlantoaxial osteoarthritis: case report. ( 28498070 )
2017
49
Painful and swollen hands 3 months after lungs graft: Suracute voriconazole-induced periostitis and exostosis. ( 27117297 )
2017
50
External ear canal exostosis and otitis media in temporal bones of prehistoric and historic chilean populations. A paleopathological and paleoepidemiological study. ( 27834109 )
2017

Variations for Exostosis

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Exostosis:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 GLI2 NM_005270.4(GLI2): c.2644A> T (p.Thr882Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs1332140763 GRCh38 Chromosome 2, 120988558: 120988558
2 GLI2 NM_005270.4(GLI2): c.2644A> T (p.Thr882Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs1332140763 GRCh37 Chromosome 2, 121746134: 121746134

Expression for Exostosis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Exostosis.

Pathways for Exostosis

Pathways related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
10.76 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3
2 10.74 COL4A5 MMP12

GO Terms for Exostosis

Cellular components related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular matrix GO:0031012 9.43 COL12A1 COL4A5 MMP12
2 endoplasmic reticulum GO:0005783 9.35 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2
3 endoplasmic reticulum lumen GO:0005788 9.33 BGLAP COL12A1 COL4A5
4 endoplasmic reticulum membrane GO:0005789 9.02 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2

Biological processes related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 ossification GO:0001503 9.54 BGLAP EXT1 EXT2
2 IRE1-mediated unfolded protein response GO:0036498 9.43 EXTL1 EXTL3
3 glycosaminoglycan biosynthetic process GO:0006024 9.4 EXT1 EXT2
4 skeletal system development GO:0001501 9.33 BGLAP EXT1 EXTL1
5 heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic process, polysaccharide chain biosynthetic process GO:0015014 9.32 EXT1 EXT2
6 cellular polysaccharide biosynthetic process GO:0033692 9.26 EXT1 EXT2
7 heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic process GO:0015012 9.13 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL3
8 protein glycosylation GO:0006486 9.02 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2

Molecular functions related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 transferase activity GO:0016740 9.83 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2
2 extracellular matrix structural constituent conferring tensile strength GO:0030020 9.4 COL12A1 COL4A5
3 glucuronosyltransferase activity GO:0015020 9.37 EXT1 EXT2
4 transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups GO:0016757 9.35 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2
5 acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity GO:0008375 9.33 EXT1 EXT2 POMGNT2
6 heparan sulfate N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity GO:0042328 9.32 EXT1 EXT2
7 N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-beta-glucuronosyltransferase activity GO:0050509 9.26 EXT1 EXT2
8 glucuronosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity GO:0050508 8.8 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1

Sources for Exostosis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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