Aliases & Classifications for Exostosis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Exostosis:

Name: Exostosis 12 15
Osteophyte 12 73
Exostoses 44 73
Cartilaginous Exostosis 73
Swimmer's Exostosis 12
Exostosis of Orbit 73
Orbital Exostosis 12
External Exotoses 73
Bony Outgrowth 12
Bone Spur 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:203
ICD10 33 M27.8 M25.7
ICD9CM 35 726.91
MeSH 44 D005096
NCIt 50 C3029
SNOMED-CT 68 80400009

Summaries for Exostosis

Disease Ontology : 12 A hyperostosis that involves formation of new bone on the surface of preexisting bone.

MalaCards based summary : Exostosis, also known as osteophyte, is related to hereditary multiple exostoses and trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type ii. An important gene associated with Exostosis is EXT1 (Exostosin Glycosyltransferase 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways is heparan sulfate biosynthesis. The drugs Tramadol and Etoricoxib have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include bone, brain and lung.

Wikipedia : 76 An exostosis (plural: exostoses) or bone spur, is the formation of new bone on the surface of a bone.... more...

Related Diseases for Exostosis

Diseases related to Exostosis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 159)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hereditary multiple exostoses 32.5 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2
2 trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type ii 32.5 EXT1 EXTL1
3 osteochondroma 32.4 EXT1 EXT2
4 exostoses, multiple, type i 32.2 EXT1 EXT2
5 enchondromatosis, multiple, ollier type 31.5 EXT1 EXT2
6 hereditary multiple osteochondromas 31.3 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2
7 exostoses, multiple, type ii 12.5
8 exostoses, multiple, type iii 12.4
9 exostosis, dupuytren subungual 12.1
10 exostoses with anetodermia and brachydactyly, type e 12.1
11 spasticity multiple exostoses 12.0
12 exostoses of heel 12.0
13 multiple exostoses with spastic tetraparesis 12.0
14 polyposis, intestinal, with multiple exostoses 12.0
15 craniosynostosis exostoses nevus epibulbar dermoid 12.0
16 potocki-shaffer syndrome 11.6
17 metachondromatosis 11.5
18 hyperostosis 11.4
19 heel spur 11.2
20 bicipital tenosynovitis 11.1
21 ear exostoses 11.0
22 torus palatinus and torus mandibularis 11.0
23 diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis 10.3
24 chondrosarcoma 10.3
25 thrombosis 10.2
26 spondylosis 10.2
27 dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica 10.1 EXT1 EXT2
28 multiple enchondromatosis, maffucci type 10.1 EXT1 EXT2
29 autism 10.1
30 arthropathy 10.0
31 trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type i 10.0 EXT1 EXTL1
32 proteus syndrome 10.0
33 ataxia, combined cerebellar and peripheral, with hearing loss and diabetes mellitus 10.0
34 trichorhinophalangeal syndrome 10.0
35 thrombophilia due to thrombin defect 10.0
36 osteoid osteoma 10.0
37 brachydactyly 10.0
38 scoliosis 10.0
39 pneumothorax 10.0
40 ischemia 10.0
41 syringomyelia 10.0
42 bunion 10.0
43 spondyloarthropathy 1 10.0
44 carpal tunnel syndrome 10.0
45 mononeuropathy of the median nerve, mild 10.0
46 diabetes mellitus 10.0
47 chondrocalcinosis 10.0
48 synovitis 10.0
49 radiculopathy 10.0
50 pneumonia 10.0

Comorbidity relations with Exostosis via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):


Hypertension, Essential

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Exostosis:



Diseases related to Exostosis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Exostosis

Drugs & Therapeutics for Exostosis

Drugs for Exostosis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 83)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Tramadol Approved, Investigational Phase 4 27203-92-5 33741
2
Etoricoxib Approved, Investigational Phase 4 202409-33-4 123619
3
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-24-8 5755
4
Prednisolone phosphate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 302-25-0
5
Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate Approved Phase 4 2921-57-5
6
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 83-43-2 6741
7
Prednisolone hemisuccinate Experimental Phase 4 2920-86-7
8 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
9 Immunologic Factors Phase 4
10 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
11 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 4,Not Applicable
12 Narcotics Phase 4
13 Analgesics, Opioid Phase 4
14 Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors Phase 4
15 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4,Not Applicable
16 Analgesics Phase 4,Not Applicable
17 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
18 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 4,Not Applicable
19 Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors Phase 4
20 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
21 Methylprednisolone acetate Phase 4
22 Prednisolone acetate Phase 4
23 Autonomic Agents Phase 4,Not Applicable
24 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
25 Protective Agents Phase 4
26 Neuroprotective Agents Phase 4
27 Antiemetics Phase 4
28 Hormones Phase 4
29 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4
30 glucocorticoids Phase 4
31 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 4,Phase 2,Not Applicable
32 Antibodies Phase 4
33 Immunoglobulins Phase 4
34 Antibodies, Monoclonal Phase 4
35
Alitretinoin Approved, Investigational Phase 3 5300-03-8 449171 444795
36
Tretinoin Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical Phase 3,Phase 2 302-79-4 5538 444795
37 Keratolytic Agents Phase 3
38 Dermatologic Agents Phase 3
39 Mitogens Phase 3,Phase 2,Not Applicable
40
Coal tar Approved Phase 1, Phase 2,Phase 2 8007-45-2
41 Anesthetics Phase 1, Phase 2,Phase 2,Not Applicable
42
Infliximab Approved 170277-31-3
43
Etanercept Approved, Investigational 185243-69-0
44
Adalimumab Approved 331731-18-1 16219006
45
Certolizumab pegol Approved 428863-50-7
46
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 137-58-6 3676
47
Racepinephrine Approved Not Applicable 329-65-7 838
48
Epinephrine Approved, Vet_approved Not Applicable 51-43-4 5816
49
Povidone Approved 9003-39-8
50
Betamethasone Approved, Vet_approved 378-44-9 9782

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 80)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 A Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Transferring the Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon Unknown status NCT01341509 Phase 4
2 The Effect of Anti-inflammatory Analgesics on Pain Following Hallux Valgus Surgery Completed NCT00733421 Phase 4 etoricoxib;tramadol
3 Prevention of Heterotopic Ossification With Arcoxia After Total Hip Replacement Completed NCT01022190 Phase 4 Etoricoxib (Arcoxia)
4 Chronic Insertional Achilles Tendonitis Treated With or Without Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon Transfer Completed NCT00950053 Phase 4
5 Predicting Response to Intra-Articular Corticosteroid Injection in Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Glenohumeral Joint Recruiting NCT03232749 Phase 4 corticosteroid injections
6 Amniotic Membrane as an Adjunct Treatment for Hallux Rigidus Active, not recruiting NCT01825356 Phase 4
7 PsA Secukinumab XCT Structural Progression Study Not yet recruiting NCT03623867 Phase 4 Secukinumab;Placebo
8 Radiofrequency-Based Debridement vs. Mechanical Debridement for the Treatment of Articular Cartilage Lesions Not yet recruiting NCT03678948 Phase 4
9 Study on the Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spine Stenosis With a Percutaneous Interspinous Implant Terminated NCT01057641 Phase 4
10 Study to Investigate the Performance of Cervical Arthroplasty for the Treatment of Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease Terminated NCT00700739 Phase 4
11 Post-Approval Clinical Trial of the PCM® Cervical Disc Completed NCT01905930 Phase 3
12 Efficacy and Safety of a Retinoid in the Treatment of Severe Chronic Hand Eczema Completed NCT00817063 Phase 3 alitretinoin;Placebo
13 A Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of TG-C in Subjects With Kellgren and Lawrence Grade 2 or 3 OA of the Knee Recruiting NCT03203330 Phase 3
14 Study to Determine the Efficacy and Effectiveness of TG-C in Subjects With Kellgren/Lawrence Grade 2 or 3 OA of the Knee Not yet recruiting NCT03291470 Phase 3
15 Evaluation of Two Types of PRP in Knee Osteoarthritis Unknown status NCT02923310 Phase 1, Phase 2 Hialuronic Acid
16 Surgical Management of Spinal Cord Injuries In Neck Unknown status NCT00475748 Phase 2
17 Autologous Stem Cells in Achilles Tendinopathy Unknown status NCT02064062 Phase 2
18 Effectiveness and Safety of Autologous ADRC for Treatment of Degenerative Damage of Knee Articular Cartilage Completed NCT02219113 Phase 1, Phase 2
19 An Efficacy and Safety Study of Palovarotene for the Treatment of MO Recruiting NCT03442985 Phase 2 Palovarotene 2.5 mg;Palovarotene 5.0 mg
20 Flexible Footwear and Insole in Heel Pain Recruiting NCT03040557 Phase 1, Phase 2
21 Effectiveness and Safety of Autologous ADRC for Treatment of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Partial Rupture Enrolling by invitation NCT02469792 Phase 1, Phase 2
22 Autologous Stromal Vascular Fraction of Cells for Treatment of Knee Articular Cartilage Dystrophy Enrolling by invitation NCT02827851 Phase 2
23 The Safety/Efficacy of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells Therapy for Patients With Osteoarthritis Not yet recruiting NCT03383081 Phase 2
24 Sprifermin (AS902330) in Cartilage Injury Repair (CIR) Terminated NCT01066871 Phase 2 Sprifermin (AS902330) 10 mcg;Sprifermin (AS902330) 30 mcg;Sprifermin (AS902330) 100 mcg
25 A Phase 1, Double-Blind, Randomized, Single Dose Escalation Safety Study of Intra-articular OP-1 in Subjects With Osteoarthritis of the Knee Completed NCT00456157 Phase 1 Intra-articular Injection of OP-1 to affected knee
26 Comparing the Efficacy of Periarticular Bone Structure in Patients Treated With Either Tocilizumab or Tumor Necrosis Factor Blockers Unknown status NCT02778789 Tocilizumab;TNF-alpha Inhibitor
27 The Histological Effect of Various Microfracture Techniques on Human Chondral & Sub-chondral Tissue - an Ex-Vivo Study Unknown status NCT03016299
28 Distal Erosions and Nail Psoriasis Unknown status NCT02813720
29 Patellar Resurfacing Under Subvastus Approach in Total Knee Arthroplasty Unknown status NCT02683460 Not Applicable
30 Surgical or Exercise Therapy on Patients With Degenerative Meniscus Tears Unknown status NCT01002794 Not Applicable
31 Baxter: Actifuse SHAPE vs DBX in ACC Unknown status NCT02005081 Not Applicable
32 Evaluation of Effectiveness of Selected Physical and Kinesiotherapeutic Methods in Patients With Lower Calcaneal Spur Unknown status NCT02934100 Not Applicable
33 The Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Hereditary Multiple Exostoses Completed NCT00474448
34 NGS Strategy Effectiveness in Molecular Diagnosis Completed NCT03557567
35 Effect of Chosen Treatment Methods in Patients With Cervical Spine Osteoarthritis Completed NCT03683602 Not Applicable
36 Weight Management and Coping Skills Training For Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis Completed NCT00305890 Not Applicable
37 The Three-dimensional Gait Analysis of Medial Knee Osteoarthritis Completed NCT02878239
38 MaxAn Post Market Surveillance Validation Completed NCT01343693
39 Patellar Resurfacing in Total Knee Arthroplasty Completed NCT00553982 Not Applicable
40 Observational Study Rheumatological Manifestations Associated With Endometriosis Completed NCT02826980
41 Can Shoulder Arthroscopy Work Completed NCT01623011 Not Applicable
42 Cone-beam vs Multidetector Computed Tomography (CT) for Arthrography of the Wrist, Ankle, Elbow and Knee Completed NCT01771393 Not Applicable
43 DTI of the Brain and Cervical Spine: Evaluation in Normal Subjects and Patients With Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Completed NCT01868958
44 The Norwegian Cervical Arthroplasty Trial Completed NCT00735176 Not Applicable
45 A Comparison of the Analgesic Efficacies of Ultrasound and Shock Wave Therapy in the Patients With Calcaneal Spur Completed NCT01510249
46 Effects of Myofascial Trigger Point Dry Cupping on Plantar Heel Pain Completed NCT02895698 Not Applicable
47 Effectiveness of Manual Therapy Combined With Standard Treatment in the Management of Plantar Fasciitis Completed NCT01439932 Not Applicable
48 High-Resolution Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) of the Cervical Spinal Cord in the Setting of Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Completed NCT01407705
49 Decompression vs Physical Training for the Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Recruiting NCT03495661 Not Applicable
50 Results of the Treatment of Patients With Elbow Osteoarthritis Recruiting NCT02951403 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Exostosis

Cochrane evidence based reviews: exostoses

Genetic Tests for Exostosis

Anatomical Context for Exostosis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Exostosis:

41
Bone, Brain, Lung, Spinal Cord, Breast, B Cells, Myeloid

Publications for Exostosis

Articles related to Exostosis:

(show top 50) (show all 736)
# Title Authors Year
1
Gradual ulnar lengthening by an Ilizarov ring fixator for correction of Masada IIb forearm deformity without tumor excision in hereditary multiple exostosis: preliminary results. ( 29995654 )
2019
2
Subungual exostosis and subungual osteochondromas: a description of 25 cases. ( 29704255 )
2018
3
Prominent exostosis projecting from the occipital squama more substantial and prevalent in young adult than older age groups. ( 29463874 )
2018
4
Surfer's exostosis in a child who does not surf. ( 29849851 )
2018
5
Hereditary exostosis missed by MRI. ( 29901754 )
2018
6
Subungual Exostosis in a Young Soccer Player. ( 29483981 )
2018
7
Internal auditory canal exostosis: A technical case report. ( 29629231 )
2018
8
False aneurysm of the popliteal artery complicated by a deep venous thrombosis revealing an exostosis in a 20-year-old young woman. ( 29787853 )
2018
9
Unilateral head rotation as an effective swallowing compensation method in dysphagia related to anterior cervical spine osteophyte. ( 30335635 )
2018
10
Clinical evaluation of surgery for osteophyte-associated dysphagia using the functional outcome swallowing scale. ( 30067834 )
2018
11
Subungual exostosis on index finger in a child. ( 29350203 )
2018
12
Subungual exostosis with postoperative recurrence followed by spontaneous regression. ( 30118137 )
2018
13
Subungual Exostosis Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. ( 30156888 )
2018
14
Dermoscopic features of subungual exostosis. ( 30187460 )
2018
15
Bilateral exostosis of the external auditory canal: Surfer's ear. ( 30233044 )
2018
16
The role of EXT1 gene mutation and its high expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the development of multiple exostosis. ( 30262140 )
2018
17
Evolution of a Schmorl's Node and a Degenerative Osteophyte on Sequential 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT Scans: Potential Pitfalls in Neuroendocrine Tumor Imaging. ( 30418207 )
2018
18
Comparison of meniscal extrusion and osteophyte formation at the intercondylar notch as a predictive biomarker for incidence of knee osteoarthritis-Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. ( 30166083 )
2018
19
Renal Artery Dissection in a Patient With Degenerative Scoliosis: A Rare Complication Caused by Lumbar Vertebra Osteophyte. ( 29495958 )
2018
20
Updating superficial siderosis of the central nervous system: bleeding of a dorsal osteophyte into the subarachnoid space from a perforating artery. ( 30485230 )
2018
21
Controlling Abnormal Joint Movement Inhibits Response of Osteophyte Formation. ( 28397529 )
2018
22
Anterior Cervical Osteophyte Presenting as a Pharyngeal Mass. ( 28739113 )
2018
23
Beauty parlor stroke syndrome due to a bone fragment from an osteophyte of the atlas: case report. ( 29372864 )
2018
24
Vertebral Osteophyte as Possible Etiology of Aortoenteric Fistula. ( 29421413 )
2018
25
Confirmation of the Influence of Descending Aorta on Osteophyte Formation in Dish. ( 29461344 )
2018
26
A selective c-Fos/AP-1 inhibitor prevents cartilage destruction and subsequent osteophyte formation. ( 29476740 )
2018
27
Lumbar Osteophyte Avid on 68Ga-Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen PET/CT. ( 29538033 )
2018
28
Effects of a phosphocitrate analogue on osteophyte, subchondral bone advance, and bone marrow lesions in Hartley guinea pigs. ( 29682281 )
2018
29
Controlled release of celecoxib inhibits inflammation, bone cysts and osteophyte formation in a preclinical model of osteoarthritis. ( 29890922 )
2018
30
Osteophyte piercing of the dura. ( 29978235 )
2018
31
Claw osteophyte: Spine. ( 30309166 )
2018
32
Handheld Osteotomes Facilitate Arthroscopic Elbow Osteophyte Removal. ( 30377583 )
2018
33
[Identification of a novel EXT1 mutation in a pedigree affected with hereditary multiple exostosis]. ( 29419870 )
2018
34
Bilateral maxillary and mandibular buccal exostosis: a self reported case and a proposal to include buccal exostosis under miscellaneous disorders of revised working classification of the psychosomatic disorders pertaining to dental practice. ( 28416999 )
2017
35
Acquired exostosis: a case report and review of literature. ( 28922700 )
2017
36
Dermoscopy of Subungual Exostosis: A Retrospective Study of 10 Patients. ( 28482347 )
2017
37
Transcanal Approach with Osteotomy Versus Retroauricular Approach with Microdrill for Canaplasty in Exostosis and Osteomas. ( 28333780 )
2017
38
Can an exostosis be free floating without any continuity to the underlying bone: A diagnostic dilemma. ( 29339849 )
2017
39
Haberland Syndrome Associated With Calvarial Exostosis. ( 28863121 )
2017
40
Popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm due to femur exostosis. ( 28350211 )
2017
41
Spontaneous Haemothorax Secondary to Rib Exostosis. ( 28343950 )
2017
42
Prevalence of oral tori and exostosis in Malaysian population - A cross-sectional study. ( 29123992 )
2017
43
Osteophyte formation after ACL rupture in mice is associated with joint restabilization and loss of range of motion. ( 27031945 )
2017
44
The MRI-detected osteophyte score is a predictor for undergoing joint replacement in patients with end-stage knee osteoarthritis. ( 27425372 )
2017
45
Three-dimensional analysis of osteophyte formation on distal radius following scaphoid nonunion. ( 27589915 )
2017
46
Absence of a relationship between joint space narrowing and osteophyte formation in early knee osteoarthritis among Japanese community-dwelling elderly individuals: A cross-sectional study. ( 27739350 )
2017
47
Volar denervation and osteophyte resection to relieve volar CMC joint pain. ( 28243611 )
2017
48
Intralesional Osteophyte Regrowth Following Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation after Previous Treatment with Marrow Stimulation Technique. ( 28345403 )
2017
49
Do the disc degeneration and osteophyte contribute to the curve rigidity of degenerative scoliosis? ( 28356146 )
2017
50
Osteophyte induced lung fibrosis prevalence and osteophyte qualities predicting disease. ( 28363150 )
2017

Variations for Exostosis

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Exostosis:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 GLI2 NM_005270.4(GLI2): c.2644A> T (p.Thr882Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance GRCh37 Chromosome 2, 121746134: 121746134
2 GLI2 NM_005270.4(GLI2): c.2644A> T (p.Thr882Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance GRCh38 Chromosome 2, 120988558: 120988558

Expression for Exostosis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Exostosis.

Pathways for Exostosis

Pathways related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
10.76 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3

GO Terms for Exostosis

Cellular components related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 endoplasmic reticulum GO:0005783 9.35 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2
2 endoplasmic reticulum lumen GO:0005788 9.33 BGLAP COL12A1 COL4A5
3 collagen trimer GO:0005581 9.26 COL12A1 COL4A5
4 endoplasmic reticulum membrane GO:0005789 9.02 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2

Biological processes related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 ossification GO:0001503 9.54 BGLAP EXT1 EXT2
2 skeletal system development GO:0001501 9.46 BGLAP COL12A1 EXT1 EXTL1
3 IRE1-mediated unfolded protein response GO:0036498 9.43 EXTL1 EXTL3
4 glycosaminoglycan biosynthetic process GO:0006024 9.4 EXT1 EXT2
5 heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic process, polysaccharide chain biosynthetic process GO:0015014 9.32 EXT1 EXT2
6 cellular polysaccharide biosynthetic process GO:0033692 9.26 EXT1 EXT2
7 heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic process GO:0015012 9.13 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL3
8 protein glycosylation GO:0006486 9.02 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2

Molecular functions related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 transferase activity GO:0016740 9.83 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2
2 extracellular matrix structural constituent conferring tensile strength GO:0030020 9.4 COL12A1 COL4A5
3 glucuronosyltransferase activity GO:0015020 9.37 EXT1 EXT2
4 transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups GO:0016757 9.35 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1 EXTL3 POMGNT2
5 acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity GO:0008375 9.33 EXT1 EXT2 POMGNT2
6 heparan sulfate N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity GO:0042328 9.32 EXT1 EXT2
7 N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-beta-glucuronosyltransferase activity GO:0050509 9.26 EXT1 EXT2
8 glucuronosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity GO:0050508 8.8 EXT1 EXT2 EXTL1

Sources for Exostosis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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