FLD
MCID: FML330
MIFTS: 43

Familial Lcat Deficiency (FLD)

Categories: Genetic diseases, Immune diseases, Liver diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Familial Lcat Deficiency

MalaCards integrated aliases for Familial Lcat Deficiency:

Name: Familial Lcat Deficiency 53 25
Lecithin Acyltransferase Deficiency 25 73
Complete Lcat Deficiency 53 25
Norum Disease 53 25
Fld 53 25
Familial Lecithin-Cholesterol Acyltransferase Deficiency 25
Lecithin:cholesterol Acyltransferase Deficiency 25
Lcat Deficiency 25
Norum's Disease 25

Classifications:



External Ids:

UMLS 73 C0023195

Summaries for Familial Lcat Deficiency

NIH Rare Diseases : 53 Familial LCAT deficiency is a genetic disorder that affects the body's ability to process (metabolize) cholesterol. It is characterized by cloudiness of the clear front surface of the eye (corneal opacities), a shortage of red blood cells (hemolytic anemia), and kidney failure. Symptoms usually appear in adulthood and may also include enlargement of the liver (hepatomegaly), spleen (splenomegaly), and lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy), as well as an accumulation of fat in the artery walls (atherosclerosis). Familial LCAT deficiency is one of two types of LCAT deficiency; the other type of LCAT deficiency is fish-eye disease. Both types of LCAT deficiency are caused by mutations in the LCAT gene and are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Although there is no specific treatment or cure for familial LCAT deficiency, there may be ways to manage the symptoms. A team of doctors is often needed to figure out the treatment options for each person.

MalaCards based summary : Familial Lcat Deficiency, also known as lecithin acyltransferase deficiency, is related to fish-eye disease and lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency. An important gene associated with Familial Lcat Deficiency is LCAT (Lecithin-Cholesterol Acyltransferase), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Metabolism and Metabolism of water-soluble vitamins and cofactors. Affiliated tissues include liver, eye and kidney, and related phenotypes are Decreased free cholesterol and Increased LDL uptake

Related Diseases for Familial Lcat Deficiency

Diseases related to Familial Lcat Deficiency via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 83)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 fish-eye disease 32.0 APOA1 APOA2 LCAT
2 lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency 31.9 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
3 schnyder corneal dystrophy 31.6 APOA2 APOE
4 sea-blue histiocyte disease 30.4 APOE LCAT
5 kidney disease 30.3 ALB APOE LCAT
6 atherosclerosis susceptibility 30.2 APOA1 APOE
7 defective apolipoprotein b-100 30.1 APOE LCAT
8 nephrotic syndrome 29.8 ALB APOA1
9 vascular disease 29.7 ALB APOA1 APOE
10 fatty liver disease 11.6
11 fazio-londe disease 11.1
12 liver disease 10.4
13 retinitis pigmentosa 10.4
14 hepatitis 10.4
15 biliary cirrhosis, primary, 1 10.2
16 bloom syndrome 10.2
17 respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants 10.2
18 alcoholic hepatitis 10.2
19 chronic kidney failure 10.2
20 diabetes mellitus 10.2
21 glomerulonephritis 10.2
22 liver cirrhosis 10.2
23 newborn respiratory distress syndrome 10.2
24 primary biliary cirrhosis 10.2
25 hepatitis a 10.2
26 schistosomiasis 10.2
27 acute pancreatitis 10.2
28 membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis 10.2
29 histiocytosis 10.2
30 pancreatitis 10.2
31 peripheral nervous system disease 10.2
32 neuropathy 10.2
33 primary biliary cholangitis 10.2
34 respiratory distress syndrome, infant 10.2
35 splenomegaly 10.2
36 kwashiorkor 10.1 ALB LCAT
37 apo a-i deficiency 10.0 APOA1 LCAT
38 amyloidosis aa 10.0 APOA1 LCAT
39 hepatic lipase deficiency 10.0 APOA1 APOE
40 fetal macrosomia 10.0 APOA1 LCAT
41 cerebral atherosclerosis 10.0 APOA1 APOE
42 hyperlipoproteinemia, type v 10.0 APOA1 APOE
43 niemann-pick disease, type b 10.0 APOA1 LCAT
44 amyloidosis 10.0 APOA1 APOE
45 cholelithiasis 10.0 ALB APOE
46 celiac disease 1 10.0
47 diabetic encephalopathy 10.0
48 glucose intolerance 10.0
49 depression 10.0
50 encephalopathy 10.0

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Familial Lcat Deficiency:



Diseases related to Familial Lcat Deficiency

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Familial Lcat Deficiency

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Familial Lcat Deficiency according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Decreased free cholesterol GR00340-A-2 8.96 APOA1 APOE
2 Increased LDL uptake GR00340-A-1 8.62 APOA1 APOE

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Familial Lcat Deficiency:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 endocrine/exocrine gland MP:0005379 9.46 ALB APOA1 APOE LCAT
2 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 9.35 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
3 liver/biliary system MP:0005370 8.92 ALB APOA1 APOE LCAT

Drugs & Therapeutics for Familial Lcat Deficiency

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Familial Lcat Deficiency

Genetic Tests for Familial Lcat Deficiency

Anatomical Context for Familial Lcat Deficiency

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Familial Lcat Deficiency:

41
Liver, Eye, Kidney, Spleen, Lymph Node, Endothelial, Heart

Publications for Familial Lcat Deficiency

Articles related to Familial Lcat Deficiency:

(show all 27)
# Title Authors Year
1
Novel Missense LCAT Gene Mutation Associated with an Atypical Phenotype of Familial LCAT Deficiency in Two Portuguese Brothers. ( 28983876 )
2017
2
Depletion in LpA-I:A-II particles enhances HDL-mediated endothelial protection in familial LCAT deficiency. ( 28351888 )
2017
3
Familial LCAT deficiency in a child with nephrotic syndrome. ( 23391322 )
2013
4
Familial LCAT deficiency: from renal replacement to enzyme replacement. ( 23412821 )
2013
5
Molecular analysis of a novel LCAT mutation (Gly179 a89 Arg) found in a patient with complete LCAT deficiency. ( 21597230 )
2011
6
Proteinuria in early childhood due to familial LCAT deficiency caused by loss of a disulfide bond in lecithin:cholesterol acyl transferase. ( 21315357 )
2011
7
Characterization of a new LCAT mutation causing familial LCAT deficiency (FLD) and the role of APOE as a modifier gene of the FLD phenotype. ( 19515369 )
2009
8
Changes in lipoprotein profile and urinary albumin excretion in familial LCAT deficiency with lipid lowering therapy. ( 19230892 )
2009
9
Two novel frame shift mutations in lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) gene associated with a familial LCAT deficiency phenotype. ( 19329119 )
2009
10
A novel frameshift mutation of the lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) gene associated with renal failure in familial LCAT deficiency. ( 17439325 )
2007
11
Stability of lipids on peritoneal dialysis in a patient with familial LCAT deficiency. ( 17452402 )
2007
12
A novel LCAT mutation (Phe382-->Val) in a kindred with familial LCAT deficiency and defective apolipoprotein B-100. ( 12957688 )
2003
13
[Familial LCAT deficiency]. ( 11957819 )
2001
14
[Familial LCAT deficiency--clinical picture. Case report]. ( 11392166 )
2000
15
[Lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT)--the genetic analysis of familial LCAT deficiency and fish eye disease]. ( 7602789 )
1995
16
[Familial LCAT deficiency]. ( 7853712 )
1994
17
Effects of long-term, low-fat diet on plasma apo E in familial LCAT deficiency. ( 8255012 )
1993
18
[Molecular defects in familial LCAT deficiency]. ( 8464161 )
1993
19
Familial LCAT deficiency and fish-eye disease. ( 3141686 )
1988
20
A new case of familial LCAT deficiency. ( 6624548 )
1983
21
Erythrocyte alterations in praseodymium-induced lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency in the rat: comparison with familial LCAT deficiency in man. ( 7255886 )
1981
22
Lipid compositions of plasma major lipoproteins and lipoprotein lipase activity in hypolipidemic and hyperlipidemic siblings with familial LCAT deficiency. ( 746345 )
1978
23
Familial LCAT deficiency. Report of two patients from a Canadian family of Italian and Swedish descent. ( 746343 )
1978
24
Ocular manifestations in familial LCAT deficiency. ( 821561 )
1976
25
Corneal and fundus changes in familial LCAT-deficiency. ( 4406932 )
1974
26
Studies of lipoprotein-X (LP-X) and bile acids in familial LCAT deficiency. Preliminary report. ( 4757217 )
1973
27
Editorial: Familial LCAT deficiency. ( 4757213 )
1973

Variations for Familial Lcat Deficiency

Expression for Familial Lcat Deficiency

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Familial Lcat Deficiency.

Pathways for Familial Lcat Deficiency

Pathways related to Familial Lcat Deficiency according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 12)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.54 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
2
Show member pathways
12.26 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
3
Show member pathways
11.91 ALB APOA1 APOE
4
Show member pathways
11.87 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
5
Show member pathways
11.56 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
6 11.54 ALB APOA1 APOE
7 11.36 APOA1 APOA2
8
Show member pathways
11.35 ALB APOA1 APOE
9
Show member pathways
11.33 APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
10 11.1 ALB APOA1
11 10.85 APOA1 APOA2
12 10.6 APOA1 APOA2

GO Terms for Familial Lcat Deficiency

Cellular components related to Familial Lcat Deficiency according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.92 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
2 extracellular exosome GO:0070062 9.91 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
3 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.85 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
4 early endosome GO:0005769 9.71 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
5 endoplasmic reticulum lumen GO:0005788 9.62 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE
6 blood microparticle GO:0072562 9.56 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE
7 extracellular vesicle GO:1903561 9.55 APOA1 APOE
8 endocytic vesicle lumen GO:0071682 9.49 APOA1 APOE
9 low-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034362 9.48 APOA1 APOE
10 spherical high-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034366 9.43 APOA1 APOA2
11 intermediate-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034363 9.4 APOA1 APOE
12 discoidal high-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034365 9.37 APOA1 APOE
13 very-low-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034361 9.33 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
14 chylomicron GO:0042627 9.13 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
15 high-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034364 8.92 APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT

Biological processes related to Familial Lcat Deficiency according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 45)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 post-translational protein modification GO:0043687 9.89 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE
2 cellular protein metabolic process GO:0044267 9.87 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE
3 lipid metabolic process GO:0006629 9.86 APOA1 APOE LCAT
4 receptor-mediated endocytosis GO:0006898 9.83 ALB APOA1 APOE
5 lipid transport GO:0006869 9.82 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
6 steroid metabolic process GO:0008202 9.81 APOA1 APOE LCAT
7 cholesterol homeostasis GO:0042632 9.78 APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
8 cholesterol metabolic process GO:0008203 9.76 APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
9 retinoid metabolic process GO:0001523 9.75 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
10 phosphatidylcholine biosynthetic process GO:0006656 9.73 APOA1 APOA2 LCAT
11 cholesterol transport GO:0030301 9.72 APOA1 APOA2 LCAT
12 cholesterol efflux GO:0033344 9.71 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
13 platelet degranulation GO:0002576 9.7 ALB APOA1
14 lipoprotein metabolic process GO:0042157 9.7 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
15 negative regulation of inflammatory response GO:0050728 9.69 APOA1 APOE
16 regulation of lipid metabolic process GO:0019216 9.69 APOA1 APOA2
17 positive regulation of catalytic activity GO:0043085 9.69 APOA2 APOE
18 high-density lipoprotein particle assembly GO:0034380 9.69 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
19 cellular oxidant detoxification GO:0098869 9.68 ALB APOE
20 phospholipid metabolic process GO:0006644 9.68 APOA1 LCAT
21 response to estrogen GO:0043627 9.68 APOA1 APOA2
22 animal organ regeneration GO:0031100 9.67 APOA1 APOA2
23 cholesterol biosynthetic process GO:0006695 9.67 APOA1 APOE
24 triglyceride metabolic process GO:0006641 9.67 APOA2 APOE
25 phospholipid efflux GO:0033700 9.67 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
26 triglyceride homeostasis GO:0070328 9.66 APOA1 APOE
27 triglyceride catabolic process GO:0019433 9.66 APOA1 APOE
28 positive regulation of lipid biosynthetic process GO:0046889 9.65 APOA1 APOE
29 low-density lipoprotein particle remodeling GO:0034374 9.65 APOA2 APOE
30 regulation of Cdc42 protein signal transduction GO:0032489 9.63 APOA1 APOE
31 regulation of cholesterol transport GO:0032374 9.63 APOA1 APOE
32 negative regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response GO:0002740 9.62 APOA1 APOA2
33 peptidyl-methionine modification GO:0018206 9.62 APOA1 APOA2
34 regulation of intestinal cholesterol absorption GO:0030300 9.61 APOA1 APOA2
35 negative regulation of lipase activity GO:0060192 9.61 APOA1 APOA2
36 chylomicron assembly GO:0034378 9.61 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
37 protein oxidation GO:0018158 9.6 APOA1 APOA2
38 negative regulation of very-low-density lipoprotein particle remodeling GO:0010903 9.58 APOA1 APOA2
39 high-density lipoprotein particle clearance GO:0034384 9.58 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
40 positive regulation of cholesterol esterification GO:0010873 9.54 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
41 very-low-density lipoprotein particle remodeling GO:0034372 9.5 APOA1 APOE LCAT
42 chylomicron remodeling GO:0034371 9.43 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
43 lipoprotein biosynthetic process GO:0042158 9.33 APOA1 APOE LCAT
44 reverse cholesterol transport GO:0043691 9.26 APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT
45 high-density lipoprotein particle remodeling GO:0034375 9.02 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE LCAT

Molecular functions related to Familial Lcat Deficiency according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 14)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 phospholipid binding GO:0005543 9.65 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
2 lipid binding GO:0008289 9.62 ALB APOA1 APOA2 APOE
3 amyloid-beta binding GO:0001540 9.54 APOA1 APOE
4 heat shock protein binding GO:0031072 9.52 APOA1 APOA2
5 antioxidant activity GO:0016209 9.51 ALB APOE
6 high-density lipoprotein particle binding GO:0008035 9.49 APOA1 APOA2
7 lipase inhibitor activity GO:0055102 9.46 APOA1 APOA2
8 lipoprotein particle binding GO:0071813 9.43 APOA1 APOE
9 cholesterol binding GO:0015485 9.43 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
10 apolipoprotein receptor binding GO:0034190 9.4 APOA1 APOA2
11 high-density lipoprotein particle receptor binding GO:0070653 9.37 APOA1 APOA2
12 lipid transporter activity GO:0005319 9.33 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
13 cholesterol transporter activity GO:0017127 9.13 APOA1 APOA2 APOE
14 phosphatidylcholine-sterol O-acyltransferase activator activity GO:0060228 8.8 APOA1 APOA2 APOE

Sources for Familial Lcat Deficiency

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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