Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER)

Categories: Cancer diseases, Gastrointestinal diseases, Oral diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Gastroesophageal Reflux

MalaCards integrated aliases for Gastroesophageal Reflux:

Name: Gastroesophageal Reflux 56 12 74 29 13 6 43 15
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease 56 12 36 54 15 17 71
Gerd 56 12 42
Gerd - Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease 12
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease; Gerd 56
Gastroesophageal Reflux, Pediatric 56
Gastro-Esophageal Reflux 12
Gastresophageal Reflux 12
Acid Reflux 12
Ger 56



autosomal dominant


gastroesophageal reflux:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:8534
OMIM 56 109350
KEGG 36 H01602
ICD9CM 34 530.81
MeSH 43 D005764
NCIt 49 C26781
SNOMED-CT 67 54856001
ICD10 32 K21 K21.9
MedGen 41 C0017168
UMLS 71 C0017168

Summaries for Gastroesophageal Reflux

KEGG : 36 Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which reflux of the stomach contents into the oesophagus results in symptoms or, occasionally, complications. GERD can be classified as non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) or erosive reflux disease (ERD) based on the presence or absence of esophageal mucosal damage seen on endoscopy. ERD can manifest in a wide range of symptoms which can be subdivided into typical, atypical, and extraesophageal symptoms. Typical symptoms include heartburn and acid regurgitation which have high specificity but low sensitivity for GERD. Atypical symptoms such as epigastric pain, dyspepsia, nausea, bloating, and belching may be suggestive of GERD but may overlap with other conditions in the differential diagnosis. Lastly, there are various extraesophageal symptoms including chronic cough, asthma, laryngitis, and dental erosions. In a small but important minority, complications of peptic oesophagitis may occur including oesophageal strictures, Barrett's oesophagus, and rarely oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Hiatus hernia is statistically associated with GERD, the presence of which is relevant to surgical treatment. The diagnosis is typically made by a combination of clinical symptoms, response to acid suppression, as well as objective testing with upper endoscopy and esophageal pH monitoring. GERD is a chronic disease that typically requires long term management in the form of lifestyle modification, medical therapy and, for a subset of patients, surgical therapy. The mainstay of treatment is acid suppression which can be achieved with several classes of medications including antacids, histamine-receptor antagonists (H2RAs), or proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs).

MalaCards based summary : Gastroesophageal Reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease, is related to barrett esophagus and hernia, hiatus, and has symptoms including nausea and vomiting, constipation and abdominal pain. An important gene associated with Gastroesophageal Reflux is CHAT (Choline O-Acetyltransferase), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Susceptibility Pathways. The drugs Asenapine and Aripiprazole have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include testes, lung and heart, and related phenotypes are gastroesophageal reflux and esophagitis

OMIM : 56 Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is characterized by the retrograde movement of stomach contents into the esophagus. In its most severe form, GER results in extensive tissue damage caused by acid reflux. In adolescents and adults, and even infrequently in children, chronic GER is associated with the risk of developing Barrett metaplasia (614266), a premalignant lesion of the esophageal mucosa (Hu et al., 2000). In turn, Barrett metaplasia is correlated with the development of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus (see 614266), estimated as the fifth most prevalent neoplasia in the Western world (Lagergren et al., 1999). (109350)

MedlinePlus : 42 Your esophagus is the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) happens when a muscle at the end of your esophagus does not close properly. This allows stomach contents to leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus and irritate it. You may feel a burning in the chest or throat called heartburn. Sometimes, you can taste stomach fluid in the back of the mouth. If you have these symptoms more than twice a week, you may have GERD. You can also have GERD without having heartburn. Your symptoms could include a dry cough, asthma symptoms, or trouble swallowing. Anyone, including infants and children, can have GERD. If not treated, it can lead to more serious health problems. In some cases, you might need medicines or surgery. However, many people can improve their symptoms by Avoiding alcohol and spicy, fatty or acidic foods that trigger heartburn Eating smaller meals Not eating close to bedtime Losing weight if needed Wearing loose-fitting clothes NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Wikipedia : 74 Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux, is a long-term condition in which... more...

Related Diseases for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Diseases related to Gastroesophageal Reflux via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 636)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 barrett esophagus 33.8 TP53 GHRL GAST CDX2
2 hernia, hiatus 33.8 HRH2 GAST CYP2C19
3 gastroparesis 33.3 MLN GHRL GAST CCK
4 peptic esophagitis 33.2 IL1B HRH2 GAST CYP2C19 CXCL8 CDX2
5 esophagitis 32.8 TP53 IL1B HRH2 GAST CYP2C19 CXCL8
6 helicobacter pylori infection 32.3 IL1B GAST CYP2C19 CXCL8
7 achalasia 32.2 VIP TP53 GAST
8 sleep apnea 32.0 IL1B GHRL CXCL8
9 bile reflux 31.9 GAST CDX2 CCK
10 leptin deficiency or dysfunction 31.8 PYY GHRL GCG CCK
11 gastrointestinal ulceration, recurrent, with dysfunctional platelets 31.8 PTGS1 HRH2 GAST
12 irritable bowel syndrome 31.7 VIP PYY MLN GHRL CXCL8 CCK
13 duodenal ulcer 31.6 MLN IL1B HRH2 GAST CYP2C19 CXCL8
14 peptic ulcer disease 31.6 TP53 PTGS1 IL1B HRH2 GHRL GAST
15 apnea, obstructive sleep 31.6 GHRL GCG CXCL8
16 asthma 31.6 VIP PTGS1 IL1B HRH2 GHRL CXCL8
17 duodenogastric reflux 31.5 PYY NTS MLN GAST CCK
18 gastrointestinal system disease 31.4 MLN GHRL GCG GAST CCK
19 gastritis 31.4 TP53 PTGS1 IL1B HRH2 GHRL GAST
20 atrophic gastritis 31.4 TP53 IL1B GHRL GAST CXCL8 CDX2
21 gastric ulcer 31.3 PTGS1 IL1B HRH2 GAST CYP2C19 CXCL8
22 active peptic ulcer disease 31.2 PTGS1 HRH2 CYP2C19
23 respiratory failure 31.2 PTGS1 MECP2 IL1B CXCL8 CHAT
24 bronchitis 31.2 VIP IL1B CXCL8
25 autonomic neuropathy 31.2 MLN GCG GAST CCK
26 intestinal obstruction 31.1 MLN GHRL CDX2
27 body mass index quantitative trait locus 11 31.1 TP53 PYY NTS MLN IL1B GHRL
28 constipation 31.1 VIP PYY PTGS1 NTS MLN GCG
29 dumping syndrome 31.1 PYY NTS MLN GHRL GCG GAST
30 zollinger-ellison syndrome 31.1 NTS MLN HRH2 GAST
31 diarrhea 31.1 PYY MLN IL1B GAST CXCL8 CCK
32 diabetes mellitus 31.0 PYY MLN IL1B GHRL GCG CXCL8
33 celiac disease 1 31.0 PYY GHRL GCG GAST CXCL8 CCK
34 eating disorder 31.0 PYY GHRL GCG CCK
35 anorexia nervosa 30.9 PYY GHRL GCG CCK
36 ileus 30.9 VIP NTS MLN IL1B GHRL CCK
37 gastroenteritis 30.8 PYY MLN IL1B HRH2 CXCL8
38 bulimia nervosa 30.8 PYY GHRL CCK
39 duodenum disease 30.8 TP53 GAST CDX2
40 diabetic autonomic neuropathy 30.7 MLN GCG GAST
41 microinvasive gastric cancer 30.7 TP53 GAST CDX2
42 gallbladder disease 30.7 TP53 PYY MLN MECP2 CCK
43 hyperglycemia 30.6 PYY GHRL GCG CCK
44 gastric adenocarcinoma 30.6 VIP TP53 IL1B GAST CXCL8 CDX2
45 proteasome-associated autoinflammatory syndrome 1 30.6 PTGS1 IL1B CXCL8
46 small cell cancer of the lung 30.6 VIP TP53 NTS GAST CCK
47 pancreatic adenocarcinoma 30.5 TP53 GAST CXCL8 CDX2 CCK
48 myocardial infarction 30.2 TP53 PTGS1 IL1B GHRL CYP2C19 CXCL8
49 schizophrenia 30.0 TP53 NTS MECP2 IL1B HRH2 GHRL
50 hypertension, essential 29.9 VIP TP53 PTGS1 NTS IL1B GHRL

Comorbidity relations with Gastroesophageal Reflux via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show all 12)

Acute Cystitis Anxiety
Bronchitis Deficiency Anemia
Dyskinesia of Esophagus Esophagitis
Heart Disease Hypertension, Essential
Hypothyroidism Intermediate Coronary Syndrome
Osteoporosis Peptic Esophagitis

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Gastroesophageal Reflux:

Diseases related to Gastroesophageal Reflux

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Human phenotypes related to Gastroesophageal Reflux:

# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 gastroesophageal reflux 31 HP:0002020
2 esophagitis 31 HP:0100633
3 barrett esophagus 31 HP:0100580

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

G I:
gastroesophageal reflux
chronic ulcerating esophagitis

columnar epithelium-lined distal esophagus

adenocarcinoma of the esophagus risk about 10%

Clinical features from OMIM:


UMLS symptoms related to Gastroesophageal Reflux:

nausea and vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, diarrhea, icterus, dyspepsia, heartburn, gastrointestinal gas

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Gastroesophageal Reflux:

# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 endocrine/exocrine gland MP:0005379 9.61 CCK CDX2 GAST GHRL HRH2 MECP2
2 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 9.44 CCK CDX2 CHAT GAST GHRL HRH2

Drugs & Therapeutics for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Drugs for Gastroesophageal Reflux (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 417)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Asenapine Approved Phase 4 85650-56-2, 65576-45-6 3001386
Aripiprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 4 129722-12-9 60795
Olanzapine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 132539-06-1 4585
Lithium carbonate Approved Phase 4 554-13-2
Valproic acid Approved, Investigational Phase 4 99-66-1 3121
Risperidone Approved, Investigational Phase 4 106266-06-2 5073
Clozapine Approved Phase 4 5786-21-0 2818
Ziprasidone Approved Phase 4 146939-27-7 60854
Trimebutine Approved Phase 4 39133-31-8
Levofloxacin Approved, Investigational Phase 4 100986-85-4 149096
Ofloxacin Approved Phase 4 82419-36-1 4583
Magnesium trisilicate Approved Phase 4 14987-04-3
Aluminum hydroxide Approved, Investigational Phase 4 21645-51-2
Magnesium hydroxide Approved, Investigational Phase 4 1309-42-8
Rabeprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 4 117976-89-3 5029
Nortriptyline Approved Phase 4 72-69-5 4543
Calcium polycarbophil Approved Phase 4 126040-58-2
Clarithromycin Approved Phase 4 81103-11-9 84029
Amoxicillin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 26787-78-0 33613
Fentanyl Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 437-38-7 3345
Desflurane Approved Phase 4 57041-67-5 42113
Dexmedetomidine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 113775-47-6 68602 5311068
Zinc Approved, Investigational Phase 4 7440-66-6 32051
Metoclopramide Approved, Investigational Phase 4 364-62-5 4168
Norgestimate Approved, Investigational Phase 4 35189-28-7 6540478
Moxifloxacin Approved, Investigational Phase 4 151096-09-2, 354812-41-2 152946
Estradiol Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-28-2 5757
Polyestradiol phosphate Approved Phase 4 28014-46-2
Ethinyl Estradiol Approved Phase 4 57-63-6 5991
Citalopram Approved Phase 4 59729-33-8 2771
Calcium Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 7440-70-2 271
Maleic acid Experimental, Investigational Phase 4 110-17-8, 110-16-7 444972
33 Mosapride Investigational Phase 4 112885-41-3
34 Rebamipide Investigational Phase 4 90098-04-7
Polaprezinc Experimental Phase 4 107667-60-7
36 Indobufen Investigational Phase 4 63610-08-2
37 Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors Phase 4
38 Quetiapine Fumarate Phase 4 111974-72-2
39 Anesthetics Phase 4
40 Antioxidants Phase 4
41 Aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, simethicone drug combination Phase 4
42 TEMPO Phase 4
43 Hypnotics and Sedatives Phase 4
44 Omeprazole, sodium bicarbonate drug combination Phase 4
45 Psyllium Phase 4
46 Anticonvulsants Phase 4
47 Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone Phase 4
48 Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormones Phase 4
49 Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Phase 4
50 beta-endorphin Phase 4

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 1148)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Effectiveness of Lactobacillus GG in the Prevention of Gastrointestinal and Respiratory Tract Infections in Children With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Treated With Proton Pump Inhibitors: Randomized Double - Blind Placebo, Controlled Trial. Unknown status NCT01782118 Phase 4
2 Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Control Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of Wu-Chu-Yu Tang on Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Unknown status NCT01822106 Phase 4
3 Symptom Assessment for Patients With Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease Receiving Helicobacter Pylori Eradication Unknown status NCT02934152 Phase 4 H pylori eradication
4 A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Therapy ( Lansoprazole; Solutab) in the Management of Childhood Asthma Unknown status NCT00237068 Phase 4 Lansoprazole; Solutab
5 Clinical Trial: Esomeprazole Plus Alginate vs. Esomeprazole Alone for Treatment of Nighttime Reflux Symptom and GERD-related Sleep Disturbances in Patients With Erosive GERD Unknown status NCT02277886 Phase 4 sodium alginate;esomeprazole
6 A Pilot Study to Determine if Pantoprazole Modifies Steady-State Plasma Concentrations of Orally Administered Psychotropic Medications Unknown status NCT02213887 Phase 4 Pantoprazole;Pantoprazole
7 Research of Efficient Use of Omeprazole in Combination With Domperidone in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease of Mild to Moderate Severity Unknown status NCT02140073 Phase 4 omeprazole+domperidone SR;omeprazole
8 The Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Trimebutine Maleate Combined With Rabeprazole in Patients With Grade A or B Reflux Esophagitis Whose Symptoms Refractory to Rabeprazole Unknown status NCT02986685 Phase 4 Trimebutine Maleate;rabeprazole
9 Comparing Dexlansoprazole With Double-dose Lansoprazole to Achieve Sustained Symptomatic Response in Overweight and Obesity Patients With Reflux Esophagitis in Los Angeles Grades A & B Unknown status NCT02759393 Phase 4 Dexlansoprazole;Lansoprazole
10 The Relationship Between Gastroesophageal Reflux and Pediatric Rhinitis: Significance of Pale/Blue Colored Turbinate. A Randomized Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT02278081 Phase 4 lansoprazole;placebo
11 Effect of Magnesium Alginate on Gastroesophageal Reflux in Infants. Unknown status NCT02806453 Phase 4
12 Cardiac Safety Evaluation of Lansoprazole/Domperidone 30/30 mg Sustained Release Capsule Formulation Unknown status NCT03355170 Phase 4 Lansoprazole
13 Prospective Study Assessing Patient Satisfaction of Symptom Control With Proton Pump Inhibitor Dosing Regimen Unknown status NCT02623816 Phase 4 Optimal Dosing of Omeprazole
14 Multi-Centre, Prospective, Open Label, Randomized Trial to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Moxifloxacin Versus Levofloxacin Plus Metronidazole in the Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia With Aspiration Factors Unknown status NCT00752947 Phase 4 moxifloxacin;levofloxacin;metronidazole
15 Impact of the Preservation of the Gastric Antrum in the Technique of Sleeve Gastrectomy for the Treatment of the Morbid Obesity: a Prospective,Controlled, Randomized, Multicentrique Study. Unknown status NCT01550601 Phase 4
16 A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study of Dexlansoprazole to Treat Laryngopharyngeal Reflux and Lingual Tonsil Hypertrophy Unknown status NCT01328652 Phase 4 dexlansoprazole
17 A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Efficacy Study Comparing 4 Weeks of Treatment With Esomeprazole 20 mg qd to Placebo qd in Patients With Heartburn and Sleep Disturbances Associated With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Completed NCT00660660 Phase 4 Esomeprazole;Placebo
18 The Effect of Dexrabeprazole on Intragastric and Intraesophageal Acidity Completed NCT02689999 Phase 4 Dexrabeprazole 10 mg Enteric-Coated Tablets
19 An Open, Randomized, Two-way Crossover Study Comparing the Effect of 40mg Esomeprazole Administered Orally and Intravenously as a 15 Minute Infusion on Basal and Pentagastrin-Stimulated Acid Output in Subjects With Symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Completed NCT00635414 Phase 4 Esomeprazole;Esomeprazole
20 An Open, Randomized, Two Way Crossover Study Comparing the Effect of 20mg Esomeprazole Administered Orally and Intravenously as a 15 Minute Infusion on Basal and Pentagastrin-Stimulated Acid Output in Subjects With Symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Completed NCT00629564 Phase 4 Esomeprazole;Esomeprazole
21 A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Efficacy Study Comparing 4 Weeks of Treatment With Esomeprazole 20 mg qd and 40 mg qd to Placebo qd in Patients With Heartburn and Sleep Disturbances Associated With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Completed NCT00628342 Phase 4 Esomeprazole;Esomeprazole;Placebo
22 An Open, Randomised Two Way Crossover Study Comparing the Effects of 20mg of Esomeprazole Administered Orally and Intravenously as a 3 Minute Injection on Basal and Pentagastrin-stimulated Acid Output in Subjects With Symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Completed NCT00626262 Phase 4 Esomeprazole
23 An Open, Randomised Two Way Crossover Study Comparing the Effects of 40mg of Esomeprazole Adminstered Orally and Intravenously as a 3 Minute Injection on Basal and Pentrigastrin-stimulated Acid Output in Subjects With Symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Completed NCT00625495 Phase 4 Esomeprazole;Esomeprazole
24 The Role of Anti-Reflux Surgery for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Premature Infants With Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD). Completed NCT00926276 Phase 4
25 A Phase III, Multicentre, Randomized, Double-blind Parallel-group Study to Evaluate the Safety and Clinical Outcome of Once Daily Esomeprazole for the Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Pediatric Patients 1 to 11 Years of Age, Inclusive. Completed NCT00228527 Phase 4 Esomeprazole (Nexium)
26 An Open-Label Study of Once-Daily Oral Administration of Esomeprazole 40 mg in Patients With Symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) to Investigate the Relationship Between the Presence of Erosive Esophagitis (EE) at Baseline and Heartburn Resolution After 4 Weeks of Treatment Completed NCT00242736 Phase 4 Esomeprazole
27 The CALIBER Study Randomized Controlled Trial of LINX Versus Double-Dose Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy for Reflux Disease Completed NCT02505945 Phase 4 Omeprazole
28 Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication Combined With Posterior Gastropexy in Surgical Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Completed NCT00872755 Phase 4
29 A Single-Blind Single Arm Study to Validate the Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ) for the Diagnosis of Reflux Disease in Primary Care in Patients Treated With Esomeprazole 40 mg o.d. Completed NCT00291746 Phase 4 Esomeprazole
30 A Randomised, Open, Phase IV, Parallel Group Multicentre Study to Evaluate a Change of Management in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Patients by Treatment With Esomeprazole 40 mg or Any Other Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI), After Initial Treatment Failure, in Ordinary Clinical Practice During 4 Weeks. Completed NCT00272701 Phase 4 Esomeprazole;Other PPI marketed in Sweden
31 Comparison of the Effect of Rabeprazole 50 mg DDR Capsules and 20 mg Enteric-coated Tablets on Intragastric and Intraesophageal Acidity Completed NCT03037606 Phase 4 Rabelis DDR 50 mg Capsules;Pariet 20 mg Enteric Coated Tablets
32 A Multi-centred, Phase IV, Post-Marketing, Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Study Comparing Esomeprazole Magnesium 40mg Once Daily Versus Lansoprazole 30 mg Twice Daily in Symptom Control of Subjects With Persistent Gastrooesophageal Reflux Disease While on 30mg Once Daily Lansoprazole Therapy Completed NCT00637845 Phase 4 Esomeprazole Magnesium;Lansoprazole
33 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Multicenter Study to Assess Management Strategies for the Use of Esomeprazole (Nexium) in Helicobacter Pylori Infected Patients With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Completed NCT00574925 Phase 4 Esomeprazole
34 A Pilot Study Comparing Clinical Efficacy of One-Week Dual Delayed-Release Dexlansoprazole 60 mg and Esomeprazole 40 mg for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Grade A and B Completed NCT03128736 Phase 4 Esomeprazole group;Dexlansoprazole group
35 The Impact of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Sleep Disorders: A Pilot Investigation of Rabeprazole, 20 mg Twice Daily for the Relief of GERD-Related Insomnia. Completed NCT00287391 Phase 4 Rabeprazole
36 Role of Pain Modulation in GERD Patients Who Failed Standard Dose PPI. Completed NCT00251732 Phase 4 Standard dose (once daily) PPI plus low-dose antidepressant;Double dose PPI plus evening placebo;Rabeprazole , placebo, placebo
37 Phase 4 Study, Assessing the Efficacy of Lansoprazole and Domperidone Combination on Intragastric and Intraesophageal Acidity Completed NCT02958046 Phase 4 Lansoprazole/Domperidone
38 Determination of the Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) of the Patient Orientated Self Assessment Scale ReQuest TradeMark in Patients Suffering From Endoscopically Confirmed Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), Grade A-D According to Los Angeles Classification Treated With Pantoprazole 40 mg o.d. or Placebo o.d. Over One Week. Completed NCT00246909 Phase 4 Pantoprazole
39 A Phase 4, Open-Label Study in Patients From Asia With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Treated With Dexlansoprazole Completed NCT02351960 Phase 4 Dexlansoprazole
40 A Non Interventional Post Authorization Safety Study (PASS) On The Rabeprazole's Administration To Adults With Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) Completed NCT00216489 Phase 4 rabeprazole sodium
41 Role of Mosapride in Patients With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Completed NCT00729339 Phase 4 mosapride for the first month and placebo for the 2nd month;placebo for the first and mosapride for the second month
42 Role of Bronchoalveolar Lavage Pepsin Assay in Wheezy Infants Completed NCT02685436 Phase 4 Omeprazole and domperidone
43 PRISM: Determination of the Performance Characteristics of ReQuest (TradeMark) in Practice in the Stepped Down Management of GORD Completed NCT00261339 Phase 4 Pantoprazole
44 The Proton Pump Inhibitor Test in Reflux Disease: a Study Using Nexium in General Practice Patients Completed NCT00318084 Phase 4 Esomeprazole
45 Phase III: The Study of Acid Reflux in Children With Asthma Completed NCT00442013 Phase 4 Lansoprazole;Matching placebo
46 Do Laryngeal Biopsy Findings Predict Treatment Response in Suspected Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Completed NCT00444145 Phase 4 Prevacid
47 A Randomized, Open-Label, Comparative 3-Way Crossover Study of 24-Hour Intragastric pH Profile of Once Daily Oral Administration of Esomeprazole 40 mg, Lansoprazole 30 mg, and Pantoprazole 40 mg at Steady State in Hispanic Patients With Symptomatic GERD Completed NCT00410592 Phase 4 Esomeprazole 40mg;Pantoprazole 40mg;Lansoprazole 30mg
48 Phase IV Non Comparative Study of the Impact of Dietary Fiber Deficiency Correction Using Mucofalk® on Clinical Features and Motor Function of the Esophagus in Patients With Non-erosive Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Completed NCT01882088 Phase 4 Mucofalk
49 A Pilot Study of Efficacy and Safety of Continuous Intravenous Infusion of Pantoprazole in the Treatment of Severe Erosive Esophagitis Completed NCT00133770 Phase 4 pantoprazole
50 Role of Esophageal and Laryngeal Biopsies in Suspected Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Completed NCT00373997 Phase 4

Search NIH Clinical Center for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 71 / NDF-RT 50 :

Aluminum carbonate
Aluminum Hydroxide
Aluminum Hydroxide / Magnesium Hydroxide
Aluminum Hydroxide Gel
aluminum hydroxide, dried (USP)
basic aluminum carbonate gel
Bethanechol Chloride
Calcium Carbonate
Calcium gluceptate
Cimetidine Hydrochloride
dihydroxyaluminum sodium carbonate
Esomeprazole magnesium
esomeprazole sodium
Esomeprazole Strontium
Isosorbide Dinitrate
Isosorbide Mononitrate
magnesium carbonate
Magnesium Hydroxide
magnesium trisilicate
Metoclopramide Hydrochloride
Omeprazole 2 MG/ML Oral Suspension
Omeprazole magnesium
Pantoprazole sodium
Sodium Bicarbonate

Cochrane evidence based reviews: gastroesophageal reflux

Genetic Tests for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Genetic tests related to Gastroesophageal Reflux:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Gastroesophageal Reflux 29

Anatomical Context for Gastroesophageal Reflux

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Gastroesophageal Reflux:

Testes, Lung, Heart, Liver, Kidney, Colon, Bone

Publications for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Articles related to Gastroesophageal Reflux:

(show top 50) (show all 18031)
# Title Authors PMID Year
Fine mapping a gene for pediatric gastroesophageal reflux on human chromosome 13q14. 61 56
15014979 2004
Refined localization of a gene for pediatric gastroesophageal reflux makes HTR2A an unlikely candidate gene. 61 56
11140952 2000
Mapping of a gene for severe pediatric gastroesophageal reflux to chromosome 13q14. 61 56
10891964 2000
Symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux as a risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. 61 56
10080844 1999
Randomized Trial of Medical versus Surgical Treatment for Refractory Heartburn. 61 42
31618539 2019
How to select patients for antireflux surgery? The ICARUS guidelines (international consensus regarding preoperative examinations and clinical characteristics assessment to select adult patients for antireflux surgery). 42
31375601 2019
British Society of Gastroenterology guidelines for oesophageal manometry and oesophageal reflux monitoring. 42
31366456 2019
Esomeprazole reduces gastroesophageal reflux after beer consumption in healthy volunteers. 54 61
18924018 2008
Influence of cytochrome P450 2C19 genetic polymorphism and dosage of rabeprazole on accuracy of proton-pump inhibitor testing in Chinese patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. 54 61
17559380 2007
Gastric emptying of glucose solution and associated plasma concentrations of GLP-1, GIP, and PYY before and after fundoplication. 54 61
17200910 2007
Sporadic versus hereditary gastrinomas of the duodenum and pancreas: distinct clinico-pathological and epidemiological features. 54 61
17006979 2006
Helicobacter pylori infection is the major risk factor for gastric inflammation in the cardia. 54 61
16602036 2006
[Roles of bile and gastrin in the pathogenesis of childhood gastroesophageal reflux disease]. 54 61
16923358 2006
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1: role in airway inflammation and disease. 54 61
16464449 2006
Short report: Autistic gastrointestinal and eating symptoms treated with secretin: a subtype of autism. 54 61
16287506 2005
Comparative study of nizatidine and famotidine for maintenance therapy of erosive esophagitis. 54 61
15683433 2005
Edkins and a century of acid suppression. 54 61
16172550 2005
Quantitative, tissue-specific analysis of cyclooxygenase gene expression in the pathogenesis of Barrett's adenocarcinoma. 54 61
15585388 2004
The relationship between the esophageal tissue content of neurotensin and the presence or absence of esophageal inflammation. 54 61
14992433 2004
Colonization with cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori strains in intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus and the esophagogastric junction. 54 61
12907324 2003
[Modern aspects of treating gastroesophageal reflux disease]. 54 61
12664775 2003
[A study on the relationship of Helicobacter pylori, gastrin and gastroesophageal reflux disease]. 54 61
12812673 2003
Role of CCK(A) receptors in postprandial lower esophageal sphincter function in morbidly obese subjects. 54 61
12452391 2002
The effect of cholecystectomy on plasma cholecystokinin. 54 61
12358231 2002
Effects of adjustable gastric banding on altered gut neuropeptide levels in morbidly obese patients. 54 61
11775572 2001
The importance of vacA, cagA, and iceA genotypes of Helicobacter pylori infection in peptic ulcer disease and gastroesophageal reflux disease. 54 61
11569682 2001
Restoration of enamel and dentin erosion due to gastroesophageal reflux disease: a case report. 54 61
11402771 2001
Alterations of gut neuropeptides in gastroesophageal reflux disease are resolved after antireflux surgery. 54 61
11182403 2000
Parietal cell protrusions and fundic gland cysts during omeprazole maintenance treatment. 54 61
10872661 2000
Endogenous cholecystokinin enhances postprandial gastroesophageal reflux in humans through extrasphincteric receptors. 54 61
9721157 1998
Effect of long-term gastric acid suppressive therapy on serum vitamin B12 levels in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. 54 61
9626024 1998
Prolongation of the QT interval related to cisapride-diltiazem interaction. 54 61
9545159 1998
Effect of gastrin-17 on lower esophageal sphincter characteristics in man. 54 61
9440634 1997
Effects of gastroesophageal reflux on the oral cavity. 54 61
9422634 1997
The role of motilin and cisapride in the enteric nervous system of the lower esophageal sphincter in humans. 54 61
9413048 1997
Duodenal ulcer and gastroesophageal reflux disease today: long-term therapy--a sideways glance. 54 61
9165690 1996
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is associated with enteric hormone abnormalities. 54 61
8311131 1994
Incidence of gastroesophageal reflux with casein and whey-based formulas. 54 61
8350205 1993
Nonulcer dyspepsia: current approaches to diagnosis and management. 54 61
8480563 1993
Role of TFF3 as an adjunct in the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus using a minimally invasive esophageal sampling device-The CytospongeTM. 61
31814330 2020
The Contribution of the Left Phrenic Nerve to Innervation of the Esophagogastric Junction. 61
31625208 2020
The prognosis of infants with neonatal respiratory inhibition syndrome. 61
30010451 2020
Assessing the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic antireflux procedures for the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a systematic review with network meta-analysis. 61
31628621 2020
A Holistic Approach to Diagnosing and Treating Dysphagia. 61
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Gastroesophageal reflux disease in a patient with a body mass index of 30 kg/m2 and previous endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty: Indication for a one-anastomosis gastric bypass. Response to a letter to the editor. 61
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The impact of allergic rhinitis on gastrointestinal disorders among young adults. 61
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Role of Rapid Drink Challenge During Esophageal High-resolution Manometry in Predicting Outcome of Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy in Patients With Achalasia. 61
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From Nissen Fundoplication to Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass to Treat Both GERD and Morbid Obesity. 61
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Laparoscopic fundoplication for refractory GERD: a procedure worth repeating if needed. 61
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Reduced Esophageal Contractility Is Associated with Dysplasia Progression in Barrett's Esophagus: A Multicenter Cohort Study. 61
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Variations for Gastroesophageal Reflux

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Gastroesophageal Reflux:

6 (show all 17) ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎
# Gene Name Type Significance ClinVarId dbSNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 CHAT NM_020549.4(CHAT):c.2081C>G (p.Ser694Cys)SNV Pathogenic 523529 rs201439531 10:50872926-50872926 10:49664880-49664880
2 46;XY;t(9;16)(p24;q22)dnTranslocation Pathogenic 267798
3 45;XY;t(11;18;13;21;17)(p11.2;p11.2;q33;q11;q11)dnTranslocation Pathogenic 267940
4 46;XX;t(4;14)(p15.2;q13)dnTranslocation Likely pathogenic 267892
5 46;XY;t(3;5)(q23;q13)dnTranslocation Likely pathogenic 267884
6 FAM120AOS NM_198841.4(FAM120AOS):c.743C>T (p.Thr248Ile)SNV Likely pathogenic 183343 rs140119177 9:96209921-96209921 9:93447639-93447639
7 ACTL6A NM_004301.5(ACTL6A):c.1129C>T (p.Arg377Trp)SNV Likely pathogenic 549661 rs868064163 3:179304340-179304340 3:179586552-179586552
8 ABCC8 NM_001287174.2(ABCC8):c.3520G>A (p.Val1174Met)SNV Likely pathogenic 35609 rs141322087 11:17426099-17426099 11:17404552-17404552
9 RPS6KA3 NM_004586.3(RPS6KA3):c.533C>G (p.Ala178Gly)SNV Likely pathogenic 374121 rs1057518914 X:20211665-20211665 X:20193547-20193547
10 COL5A1 NM_001278074.1(COL5A1):c.608G>T (p.Gly203Val)SNV Likely pathogenic 523328 rs1554781700 9:137593133-137593133 9:134701287-134701287
11 ABCC8 NM_001287174.2(ABCC8):c.1793G>A (p.Arg598Gln)SNV Likely pathogenic 523361 rs1344172059 11:17452385-17452385 11:17430838-17430838
12 CHAT NM_020549.4(CHAT):c.1061C>T (p.Thr354Met)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 523528 rs769234940 10:50835781-50835781 10:49627735-49627735
13 SYNE2 NM_182914.2(SYNE2):c.19624G>T (p.Gly6542Trp)SNV Uncertain significance 598975 rs746433383 14:64685197-64685197 14:64218479-64218479
14 RYR1 NM_000540.2(RYR1):c.10097G>T (p.Arg3366Leu)SNV Uncertain significance 598974 rs137932199 19:39009932-39009932 19:38519292-38519292
15 ZNF469 NM_001367624.1(ZNF469):c.9532G>A (p.Gly3178Ser)SNV Uncertain significance 523412 rs887755283 16:88503410-88503410 16:88437002-88437002
16 ZNF469 NM_001367624.1(ZNF469):c.2569A>G (p.Asn857Asp)SNV Uncertain significance 523411 rs1555518955 16:88496447-88496447 16:88430039-88430039
17 ZNF469 NM_001367624.1(ZNF469):c.470G>A (p.Gly157Glu)SNV Uncertain significance 320853 rs781096189 16:88494348-88494348 16:88427940-88427940

Cosmic variations for Gastroesophageal Reflux:

# Cosmic Mut ID Gene Symbol COSMIC Disease Classification
(Primary site, Site subtype, Primary histology, Histology subtype)
Mutation CDS Mutation AA GRCh38 Location Conf
1 COSM120376601 upper aerodigestive tract,mouth,other,premalignant c.85C>T p.R29* 9:21971121-21971121 0

Expression for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Gastroesophageal Reflux.

Pathways for Gastroesophageal Reflux

GO Terms for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Cellular components related to Gastroesophageal Reflux according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.61 PYY MECP2 IL1B GHRL GCG GAST
2 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.36 VIP PYY NTS MLN IL1B GHRL

Biological processes related to Gastroesophageal Reflux according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 positive regulation of cell proliferation GO:0008284 9.83 VIP MECP2 IL1B CDX2 CCK
2 signal transduction GO:0007165 9.81 VIP NTS IL1B HRH2 GHRL GAST
3 memory GO:0007613 9.58 MECP2 HRH2 CCK
4 neutrophil chemotaxis GO:0030593 9.54 IL1B CXCL8 CCL26
5 G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway GO:0007186 9.36 VIP PYY NTS MLN HRH2 GHRL
6 positive regulation of protein oligomerization GO:0032461 9.32 TP53 CCK
7 intestinal epithelial cell differentiation GO:0060575 9.26 PYY CDX2
8 visual learning GO:0008542 9.13 MECP2 HRH2 CCK

Molecular functions related to Gastroesophageal Reflux according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 neuropeptide hormone activity GO:0005184 9.26 VIP PYY NTS CCK
2 hormone activity GO:0005179 9.17 VIP PYY MLN GHRL GCG GAST
3 peptide hormone receptor binding GO:0051428 9.16 VIP CCK

Sources for Gastroesophageal Reflux

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
37 LifeMap
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
54 Novoseek
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
70 Tocris
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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