GDD
MCID: GNT026
MIFTS: 37

Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia (GDD)

Categories: Bone diseases, Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases, Oral diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

MalaCards integrated aliases for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia:

Name: Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia 57 25 59 75 37 29 13 6
Gdd 57 25 59 75
Osteogenesis Imperfecta with Unusual Skeletal Lesions 57 25 75
Gnathodiaphyseal Sclerosis 57 25 75
Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Levin Type 25 73
Dysplasia, Gnathodiaphyseal 40
Levin Syndrome 2 25

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

59
gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant;

OMIM:

57
Inheritance:
autosomal dominant

Miscellaneous:
onset in first or second decade


HPO:

32
gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


Classifications:



External Ids:

OMIM 57 166260
Orphanet 59 ORPHA53697
MedGen 42 C1833736
MeSH 44 D010013
KEGG 37 H00498
UMLS 73 C1833736

Summaries for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 75 Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia: Rare skeletal syndrome characterized by bone fragility, sclerosis of tubular bones, and cemento-osseous lesions of the jawbone. Patients experience frequent bone fractures caused by trivial accidents in childhood; however the fractures heal normally without bone deformity. The jaw lesions replace the tooth-bearing segments of the maxilla and mandible with fibrous connective tissues, including various amounts of cementum-like calcified mass, sometimes causing facial deformities. Patients also have a propensity for jaw infection and often suffer from purulent osteomyelitis-like symptoms, such as swelling of and pus discharge from the gums, mobility of the teeth, insufficient healing after tooth extraction and exposure of the lesions into the oral cavity.

MalaCards based summary : Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia, also known as gdd, is related to osteogenesis imperfecta levin type and fibrous dysplasia. An important gene associated with Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia is ANO5 (Anoctamin 5). Affiliated tissues include bone and cortex, and related phenotypes are osteopenia and scoliosis

Genetics Home Reference : 25 Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia is a disorder that affects the bones. People with this condition have reduced bone mineral density (osteopenia), which causes the bones to be unusually fragile. As a result, affected individuals typically experience multiple bone fractures in childhood, often from mild trauma or with no apparent cause.

OMIM : 57 Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia is an autosomal dominant generalized skeletal syndrome characterized by cementoosseous lesions of the jawbones, in conjunction with bone fragility, bowing/cortical thickening of tubular bones, and diaphyseal sclerosis of long bones (summary by Marconi et al., 2013). (166260)

Related Diseases for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

Diseases related to Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 osteogenesis imperfecta levin type 11.2
2 fibrous dysplasia 10.1
3 brittle bone disorder 10.1
4 rubella 10.1
5 fanconi anemia, complementation group f 9.7 GAS2 FANCF

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia:



Diseases related to Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

57
Skeletal:
osteopenia
bone fragility
jaw lesions show fibroblasts in fibrous stromal tissue

Head And Neck Mouth:
jaw infection (osteomyelitis)

Skeletal Limbs:
leg bowing
diaphyseal bowing (radius, ulnae, tibiae, fibula)
diaphyseal cortical sclerosis

Head And Neck Face:
face deformity due to enlarged jaw bones

Skeletal Skull:
cemento-osseous lesions (maxilla and mandible)


Clinical features from OMIM:

166260

Human phenotypes related to Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia:

59 32 (show all 9)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 osteopenia 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000938
2 scoliosis 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002650
3 bowing of the long bones 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0006487
4 recurrent fractures 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002757
5 mandibular osteomyelitis 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0007626
6 broad jaw 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0012802
7 thickened cortex of long bones 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000935
8 increased susceptibility to fractures 32 HP:0002659
9 diaphyseal cortical sclerosis 32 HP:0005045

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 behavior/neurological MP:0005386 9.63 ANO5 BAMBI COL1A1 NELL1 SLC17A6 SLC6A5
2 craniofacial MP:0005382 9.26 BAMBI COL1A1 NELL1 SLC6A5
3 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.02 ANO5 COL1A1 FANCF GAS2 SLC6A5

Drugs & Therapeutics for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

Genetic Tests for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

Genetic tests related to Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia 29 ANO5

Anatomical Context for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia:

41
Bone, Cortex

Publications for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

Articles related to Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia:

(show all 29)
# Title Authors Year
1
Prosthodontic Treatment of a Patient with Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia: 30-Year Follow-up. ( 29518808 )
2018
2
Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia: Severe atypical presentation with novel heterozygous mutation of the anoctamin gene (ANO5). ( 29175271 )
2018
3
Novel ANO5 mutation c.1067G>T (p.C356F) identified by whole genome sequencing in a big family with atypical gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia. ( 30554457 )
2018
4
Role of anoctamin 5, a gene associated with gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia, in osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation. ( 30557634 )
2018
5
Three novel ANO5 missense mutations in Caucasian and Chinese families and sporadic cases with gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia. ( 28176803 )
2017
6
Gain of function of TMEM16E/ANO5 scrambling activity caused by a mutation associated with gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia. ( 29124309 )
2017
7
Whole exome sequencing links dental tumor to an autosomal-dominant mutation in ANO5 gene associated with gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia and muscle dystrophies. ( 27216912 )
2016
8
A Novel ANO5 Mutation Causing Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia With High Bone Turnover Osteosclerosis. ( 27541832 )
2016
9
Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia: report of a family with a novel mutation of the ANO5 gene. ( 27068316 )
2016
10
Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia: Surgical Treatment and Prosthetic Rehabilitation of 2 Members of the Same Family. ( 27376179 )
2016
11
Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia presenting as polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. ( 25866257 )
2015
12
Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia. ( 24776605 )
2014
13
COL1A1 C-propeptide cleavage site mutation causes high bone mass, bone fragility and jaw lesions: a new cause of gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia? ( 24891183 )
2014
14
Effects of gas periodic stimulation on key enzyme activity in gas double-dynamic solid state fermentation (GDD-SSF). ( 24564900 )
2014
15
Capability of long distance 100  GHz FMCW using a single GDD lamp sensor. ( 25608205 )
2014
16
Value of clinical assessment in the diagnostic evaluation of Global Developmental Delay (GDD) using a Likelihood Ratio Model. ( 20965674 )
2011
17
Recurring gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia in two Russian brothers. ( 20005074 )
2010
18
Molecular characterization of GDD1/TMEM16E, the gene product responsible for autosomal dominant gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia. ( 17418107 )
2007
19
Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia. ( 17189853 )
2007
20
Mutational analysis of the GDD sequence motif of classical swine fever virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerases. ( 16917742 )
2007
21
Molecular cloning and characterization of the murine gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia gene GDD1. ( 15882990 )
2005
22
The novel gene encoding a putative transmembrane protein is mutated in gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD). ( 15124103 )
2004
23
Autosomal dominant gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia maps to chromosome 11p14.3-15.1. ( 12619924 )
2003
24
The complete nucleotide sequence of isolate BYMV-GDD of Bean yellow mosaic virus, and comparison to other potyviruses. ( 14648299 )
2003
25
Birnavirus VP1 proteins form a distinct subgroup of RNA-dependent RNA polymerases lacking a GDD motif. ( 12069523 )
2002
26
Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia: a syndrome of fibro-osseous lesions of jawbones, bone fragility, and long bone bowing. ( 11547842 )
2001
27
Mutation analysis of the GDD sequence motif of a calicivirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. ( 10729164 )
2000
28
Delayed magnetic resonance imaging with GdD-DTPA differentiates subdural hygroma and subdural effusion. ( 10825512 )
2000
29
Mutation of the aspartic acid residues of the GDD sequence motif of poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase results in enzymes with altered metal ion requirements for activity. ( 7853486 )
1995

Variations for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia:

75
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 ANO5 p.Cys356Gly VAR_023524 rs119103234
2 ANO5 p.Cys356Arg VAR_023525 rs119103234
3 ANO5 p.Cys356Tyr VAR_076476

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia:

6 (show top 50) (show all 221)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1066T> C (p.Cys356Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs119103234 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22272339: 22272339
2 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1066T> C (p.Cys356Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs119103234 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22250793: 22250793
3 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1066T> G (p.Cys356Gly) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs119103234 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22272339: 22272339
4 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1066T> G (p.Cys356Gly) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs119103234 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22250793: 22250793
5 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.191dupA (p.Asn64Lysfs) duplication Pathogenic rs137854521 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22242653: 22242653
6 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.191dupA (p.Asn64Lysfs) duplication Pathogenic rs137854521 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22221107: 22221107
7 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.692G> T (p.Gly231Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic rs137854523 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22257752: 22257752
8 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.692G> T (p.Gly231Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic rs137854523 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22236206: 22236206
9 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1541C> T (p.Thr514Ile) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs397514736 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22281198: 22281198
10 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1541C> T (p.Thr514Ile) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs397514736 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22259652: 22259652
11 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1029C> T (p.Asp343=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs78899595 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22272302: 22272302
12 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1029C> T (p.Asp343=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs78899595 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22250756: 22250756
13 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.41-1G> A single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs398124625 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22225349: 22225349
14 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.41-1G> A single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs398124625 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22203803: 22203803
15 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.989dupT (p.Leu330Phefs) duplication Pathogenic rs398124626 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22271893: 22271893
16 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.989dupT (p.Leu330Phefs) duplication Pathogenic rs398124626 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22250347: 22250347
17 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2259A> G (p.Ser753=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs61746201 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22296138: 22296138
18 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2259A> G (p.Ser753=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs61746201 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22274592: 22274592
19 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2646C> G (p.Asn882Lys) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs34969327 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22301215: 22301215
20 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2646C> G (p.Asn882Lys) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs34969327 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22279669: 22279669
21 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.616A> G (p.Thr206Ala) single nucleotide variant Benign rs78266558 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22249100: 22249100
22 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.616A> G (p.Thr206Ala) single nucleotide variant Benign rs78266558 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22227554: 22227554
23 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1095A> G (p.Leu365=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35804601 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22250822: 22250822
24 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1095A> G (p.Leu365=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35804601 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22272368: 22272368
25 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1545A> G (p.Ser515=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35843353 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22281202: 22281202
26 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1545A> G (p.Ser515=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35843353 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22259656: 22259656
27 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2018A> G (p.Tyr673Cys) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137854527 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22270431: 22270431
28 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2018A> G (p.Tyr673Cys) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137854527 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22291977: 22291977
29 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1520delT (p.Phe507Serfs) deletion Pathogenic rs794727158 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22281177: 22281177
30 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1520delT (p.Phe507Serfs) deletion Pathogenic rs794727158 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22259631: 22259631
31 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1898+1G> A single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs142027093 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22284590: 22284590
32 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.1898+1G> A single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs142027093 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22263044: 22263044
33 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2141C> G (p.Thr714Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs200631556 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22294441: 22294441
34 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2141C> G (p.Thr714Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs200631556 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22272895: 22272895
35 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2387C> T (p.Ser796Leu) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs61910685 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22296266: 22296266
36 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2387C> T (p.Ser796Leu) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs61910685 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22274720: 22274720
37 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2503_2505delTTC (p.Phe835del) deletion Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs794727350 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22297728: 22297730
38 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2503_2505delTTC (p.Phe835del) deletion Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs794727350 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22276182: 22276184
39 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2698A> C (p.Met900Leu) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs148293985 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22301267: 22301267
40 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.2698A> C (p.Met900Leu) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs148293985 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22279721: 22279721
41 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.172C> T (p.Arg58Trp) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs201725369 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22239825: 22239825
42 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.172C> T (p.Arg58Trp) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs201725369 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22218279: 22218279
43 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.155A> G (p.Asn52Ser) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs143777403 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22239808: 22239808
44 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.155A> G (p.Asn52Ser) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs143777403 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22218262: 22218262
45 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.294G> A (p.Ala98=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs142858990 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22242756: 22242756
46 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.294G> A (p.Ala98=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs142858990 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22221210: 22221210
47 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.800C> G (p.Thr267Ser) single nucleotide variant Benign rs138144479 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22261152: 22261152
48 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.800C> G (p.Thr267Ser) single nucleotide variant Benign rs138144479 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22239606: 22239606
49 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.604G> A (p.Glu202Lys) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs115750596 GRCh37 Chromosome 11, 22249088: 22249088
50 ANO5 NM_213599.2(ANO5): c.604G> A (p.Glu202Lys) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs115750596 GRCh38 Chromosome 11, 22227542: 22227542

Expression for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia.

Pathways for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

GO Terms for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

Biological processes related to Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 positive regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway GO:0090263 9.16 BAMBI COL1A1
2 positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition GO:0010718 8.96 BAMBI COL1A1
3 neurotransmitter transport GO:0006836 8.62 SLC17A6 SLC6A5

Molecular functions related to Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 symporter activity GO:0015293 8.62 SLC17A6 SLC6A5

Sources for Gnathodiaphyseal Dysplasia

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74 UMLS via Orphanet
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