GRIDHH
MCID: GRW035
MIFTS: 19

Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy (GRIDHH)

Categories: Genetic diseases, Liver diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

MalaCards integrated aliases for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy:

Name: Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy 57 75 6
Gridhh 57 75

Characteristics:

OMIM:

57
Inheritance:
autosomal recessive

Miscellaneous:
variable severity
onset at birth
four unrelated patients have been reported (last curated august 2018)


HPO:

32
growth retardation, intellectual developmental disorder, hypotonia, and hepatopathy:
Onset and clinical course variable expressivity congenital onset
Inheritance autosomal recessive inheritance


Classifications:



Summaries for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

OMIM : 57 GRIDHH is an autosomal recessive multisystem disorder characterized by intellectual disability, poor overall growth, hypotonia, and variable liver dysfunction. Additional features, such as seizures and hearing loss, may also be present (summary by Kopajtich et al., 2016). (617093)

MalaCards based summary : Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy, is also known as gridhh. An important gene associated with Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy is IARS (Isoleucyl-TRNA Synthetase). Affiliated tissues include liver and skin, and related phenotypes are intellectual disability and seizures

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 75 Growth retardation, intellectual developmental disorder, hypotonia, and hepatopathy: An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe growth retardation with prenatal onset, intellectual disability, muscular hypotonia, and hepatic dysfunction.

Related Diseases for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

57
Growth Other:
failure to thrive
intrauterine growth retardation
postnatal growth retardation

Head And Neck Face:
round face

Muscle Soft Tissue:
hypotonia

Abdomen Liver:
liver dysfunction (in some patients)
steatosis (in some patients)
fibrosis (in some patients)

Head And Neck Ears:
sensorineural hearing loss (1 patient)

Abdomen External Features:
increased fat in genitalia area

Endocrine Features:
growth hormone resistance

Skeletal:
joint laxity

Genitourinary Kidneys:
hydronephrosis
duplicated collecting system

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
delayed psychomotor development
seizures (1 patient)
spasticity (1 patient)
intellectual disability, variable severity

Laboratory Abnormalities:
abnormal liver enzymes (in some patients)
zinc deficiency
mitochondrial complex i deficiency in some tissues

Head And Neck Head:
microcephaly (-3 to -5 sd)

Skin Nails Hair Skin:
soft translucent hyperelastic skin


Clinical features from OMIM:

617093

Human phenotypes related to Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy:

32 (show all 13)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 intellectual disability 32 HP:0001249
2 seizures 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0001250
3 spasticity 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0001257
4 failure to thrive 32 HP:0001508
5 global developmental delay 32 HP:0001263
6 microcephaly 32 HP:0000252
7 sensorineural hearing impairment 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000407
8 decreased liver function 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0001410
9 intrauterine growth retardation 32 HP:0001511
10 postnatal growth retardation 32 HP:0008897
11 hepatic steatosis 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0001397
12 generalized hypotonia 32 HP:0001290
13 elevated hepatic transaminase 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0002910

Drugs & Therapeutics for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy

Genetic Tests for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

Anatomical Context for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy:

41
Liver, Skin

Publications for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

Variations for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy:

75
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 IARS p.Val370Gly VAR_077055 rs886037876
2 IARS p.Pro437Leu VAR_077056 rs886037874
3 IARS p.Asn992Asp VAR_077057 rs886037877
4 IARS p.Ile1174Asn VAR_077058 rs886037873

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy:

6 (show all 16)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.1252C> T (p.Arg418Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs764500338 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 95032219: 95032219
2 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.1252C> T (p.Arg418Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs764500338 GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 92269937: 92269937
3 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.3521T> A (p.Ile1174Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886037873 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 94985660: 94985660
4 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.3521T> A (p.Ile1174Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886037873 GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 92223378: 92223378
5 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.1310C> T (p.Pro437Leu) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886037874 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 95030577: 95030577
6 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.1310C> T (p.Pro437Leu) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886037874 GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 92268295: 92268295
7 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.760C> T (p.Arg254Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886037875 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 95040554: 95040554
8 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.760C> T (p.Arg254Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886037875 GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 92278272: 92278272
9 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.1109T> G (p.Val370Gly) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886037876 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 95033819: 95033819
10 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.1109T> G (p.Val370Gly) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886037876 GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 92271537: 92271537
11 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.2974A> G (p.Asn992Asp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886037877 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 95005524: 95005524
12 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.2974A> G (p.Asn992Asp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886037877 GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 92243242: 92243242
13 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.1667T> C (p.Phe556Ser) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 95027244: 95027244
14 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.1667T> C (p.Phe556Ser) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 92264962: 92264962
15 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.2215C> T (p.Arg739Cys) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs747311061 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 95015658: 95015658
16 IARS NM_013417.3(IARS): c.2215C> T (p.Arg739Cys) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs747311061 GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 92253376: 92253376

Expression for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Hypotonia, and Hepatopathy.

Pathways for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

GO Terms for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

Sources for Growth Retardation, Intellectual Developmental Disorder,...

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