Aliases & Classifications for Hemarthrosis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Hemarthrosis:

Name: Hemarthrosis 12 54 43 15 17 71
Hemarthrosis Involving Pelvic Region and Thigh 12
Haemarthrosis of the Pelvic Region and Thigh 12
Hemarthrosis of the Pelvic Region and Thigh 12
Hemarthrosis Involving Shoulder Region 12
Hemarthrosis Involving Ankle and Foot 12
Hemarthrosis of the Ankle and/or Foot 12
Haemarthrosis of the Ankle and Foot 12
Hemarthrosis of the Shoulder Region 12
Hemarthrosis of the Ankle and Foot 12
Hemarthrosis of Ankle and/or Foot 12
Hemarthrosis Involving Lower Leg 12
Hemarthrosis Involving Upper Arm 12
Haemarthrosis of Shoulder Joint 12
Hemarthrosis of Shoulder Region 12
Hemarthrosis Involving Forearm 12
Hemarthrosis of the Lower Leg 12
Hemarthrosis of the Upper Arm 12
Hemarthrosis Involving Hand 12
Hemarthrosis of the Forearm 12
Hemarthrosis of Lower Leg 12
Hemarthrosis of Upper Arm 12
Hemarthrosis of Shoulder 12
Hemarthrosis of the Hand 12
Hemarthrosis of Forearm 12
Hemarthrosis of Hand 12


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:801
ICD9CM 34 719.1
MeSH 43 D006395
SNOMED-CT 67 81808003
ICD10 32 M25.0
UMLS 71 C0018924

Summaries for Hemarthrosis

MalaCards based summary : Hemarthrosis, also known as hemarthrosis involving pelvic region and thigh, is related to factor x deficiency and hemophilia, and has symptoms including arthralgia, hemoptysis and metatarsalgia. An important gene associated with Hemarthrosis is F8 (Coagulation Factor VIII), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Response to elevated platelet cytosolic Ca2+ and Collagen chain trimerization. The drugs Hyaluronic acid and Ropivacaine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include bone, testes and eye, and related phenotypes are cardiovascular system and hematopoietic system

Wikipedia : 74 Hemarthrosis is a bleeding into joint spaces. It is a common feature of... more...

Related Diseases for Hemarthrosis

Diseases related to Hemarthrosis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 235)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 factor x deficiency 31.4 F9 F7 F3 F2 F11 F10
2 hemophilia 31.4 F9 F8 F7
3 factor vii deficiency 31.1 F9 F8 F7 F3 F2 F10
4 glanzmann thrombasthenia 31.0 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
5 arthropathy 30.8 F9 F8 ACAN
6 thrombasthenia 30.6 F3 F2
7 hemangioma 30.4 VWF F3 F2
8 purpura 30.2 VWF F3 F2
9 hemophilia a 30.2 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3
10 acute myocardial infarction 30.0 VWF F7 F3 F10
11 synovial angioma 30.0 F8 F7 F3 F2
12 thrombophilia due to thrombin defect 29.9 F8 F3 F2 F10
13 acquired hemophilia a 29.8 F9 F8 F3 F11
14 acquired hemophilia 29.8 F9 F8 F3 F11 F10
15 angiodysplasia 29.7 VWF F8 F3 ATAT1
16 factor v deficiency 29.6 VWF MCFD2 F9 F8 F7 F3
17 essential thrombocythemia 29.5 VWF F3 F2
18 vascular disease 29.5 VWF SPP1 F8 F3 F2
19 afibrinogenemia, congenital 29.3 VWF MCFD2 F8 F7 F3 F2
20 thrombocytopenia 29.3 VWF F9 F3 F2 F10
21 factor xiii deficiency 29.2 VWF MCFD2 F9 F8 F7 F3
22 vitamin k deficiency bleeding 28.9 F9 F8 F7 F3 F2 BGLAP
23 von willebrand's disease 28.5 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
24 factor xi deficiency 28.3 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
25 disseminated intravascular coagulation 28.3 VWF F9 F7 F3 F2 F11
26 hemorrhagic disease 28.2 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
27 thrombophilia 28.0 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
28 hemophilia b 28.0 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
29 myocardial infarction 27.9 VWF SPP1 F9 F8 F7 F3
30 factor viii deficiency 27.3 VWF MCFD2 F9 F8 F7 F3
31 plica syndrome 10.6
32 synovitis 10.6
33 fainting 10.4 VWF F8
34 pediatric angiosarcoma 10.4 VWF F8
35 hemophilic arthropathy 10.4
36 heparin-induced thrombocytopenia 10.4 F3 F10
37 wiedemann-rautenstrauch syndrome 10.4 SPP1 BGLAP
38 lymphangiosarcoma 10.4 VWF F8
39 thyroid angiosarcoma 10.4 VWF F8
40 villonodular synovitis 10.4
41 alkhurma hemorrhagic fever 10.3 F8 F3
42 medulloadrenal hyperfunction 10.3 VWF F3
43 leech infestation 10.3 F3 F10
44 papillary cystadenocarcinoma 10.3 SPP1 BGLAP
45 pigmented villonodular synovitis 10.3
46 hypoascorbemia 10.3
47 prothrombin deficiency, congenital 10.3 F2 F10
48 dental pulp disease 10.3 SPP1 BGLAP
49 posterior cerebral artery infarction 10.3 F9 F3
50 puerperal pulmonary embolism 10.3 F11 F10

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hemarthrosis:

Diseases related to Hemarthrosis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Hemarthrosis

UMLS symptoms related to Hemarthrosis:

arthralgia, hemoptysis, metatarsalgia, other symptoms referable to joint, stiffness of joint, not elsewhere classified in icd10cm

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hemarthrosis:

# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cardiovascular system MP:0005385 9.86 F10 F11 F2 F3 F7 F9
2 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 9.81 ATAT1 BGLAP F11 F2 F3 F8
3 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 9.73 BGLAP F10 F11 F13B F2 F3
4 mortality/aging MP:0010768 9.32 ATAT1 F10 F11 F2 F3 F7

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hemarthrosis

Drugs for Hemarthrosis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 38)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Hyaluronic acid Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 9004-61-9 53477741
Ropivacaine Approved Phase 4 84057-95-4 71273 175805
Triamcinolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 124-94-7 31307
Heparin Approved, Investigational Phase 4 9005-49-6 46507594 772
Tinzaparin Approved Phase 4 9041-08-1, 9005-49-6 25244225
Dalteparin Approved Phase 4 9005-49-6
Aspirin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-78-2 2244
Tranexamic Acid Approved Phase 4 1197-18-8 5526
9 Hylan Phase 4
10 Triamcinolone diacetate Phase 4
11 triamcinolone acetonide Phase 4
12 Triamcinolone hexacetonide Phase 4
13 Fibrinolytic Agents Phase 4
14 Anticoagulants Phase 4
15 Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight Phase 4
16 calcium heparin Phase 4
17 Acetaminophen, hydrocodone drug combination Phase 4
18 Hemostatics Phase 4
19 Antifibrinolytic Agents Phase 4
20 Coagulants Phase 4
21 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 4
Bevacizumab Approved, Investigational Phase 1 216974-75-3
23 Angiogenesis Inhibitors Phase 1
24 Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological Phase 1
Chlorhexidine Approved, Vet_approved 55-56-1 9552079 2713
Povidone-iodine Approved 25655-41-8
tannic acid Approved 1401-55-4
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational 94-09-7, 1994-09-7 2337
Dabigatran Investigational 211914-51-1
30 Soy Bean
31 Chlorhexidine gluconate
32 Fluorides
33 Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
34 Radiopharmaceuticals
35 Factor VIII
36 Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein Early Phase 1
37 Antirheumatic Agents Early Phase 1
38 Brimonidine Tartrate 70359-46-5

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 30)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Reducing Hemarthrosis in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With BTB Autograft by the Administration of Intravenous Tranexamic Acid: A Double-Blind Randomized Control Study Completed NCT03631355 Phase 4 Tranexamic Acid
2 Viscosupplementation in Patients With Hemophilic Arthropathy Completed NCT01748201 Phase 4
3 Clinically-Important Venous Thromboembolism Following Lower Extremity Fractures: Epidemiology & Prevention Completed NCT00187408 Phase 4 Low Molecular Weight Heparin (dalteparin)
4 Reducing Hemarthrosis in High Tibial Osteotomy and Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy by the Administration of Intravenous Tranexamic Acid Recruiting NCT03606109 Phase 4 Intravenous Tranexamic Acid (TXA)
5 Intra-articular Administration of 3.0g Tranexamic Acid Has no Effect on Reducing Intra-articular Hemarthrosis and Postoperative Pain After Primary Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Randomized Controlled Trial Active, not recruiting NCT04042688 Phase 4 intraarticular administration of tranexamic acid
6 A Pilot Study About the Safety and Efficacy of Intra-articular Bevacizumab (Avastin) for Recurrent Hemarthroses at Target Joints With Chronic Hemophilic Synovitis Recruiting NCT02060305 Phase 1 Bevacizumab intra-articular injection
7 Assessment and Identification of Proprioceptive and Functional Changes in Patients With Hemophilia of the Region of Murcia. Unknown status NCT02165592
8 Efficacy and Safety of Shea Nut Oil in Hemophilic Arthropathy Unknown status NCT02569359
9 Aspiration for Pain Relief Following Ankle Fracture: A Prospective Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT01484535
10 Multidisciplinary Assessment of the Physical, Functional and Psychosocial Alterations in Patients With Hemophilia. An Observational Study. Completed NCT02198430
11 Intraarticular Injection of Tranexamic Acid Reduced Postoperative Hemarthrosis in Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction - A Prospective Randomized Study Completed NCT03580018 Tranexamic Acid Powder
12 Efficacy of Peroperative Suction Drain Usage in Arthroscopic Knee Surgery Completed NCT02752581
13 A Monitor System for the Safety of Dabigatran Anticoagulation Treatment in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Completed NCT02414035
14 Early Clinical Results of Mobile-Bearing Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty Completed NCT01398800
15 Sociodemographic, Clinic and Psychosocial Aspects of People With Haemophilia in Portugal: a National Survey Completed NCT02870114
16 Descriptive Pilot Study of Monitoring of Physical Activity in Adult Patients With Haemophilia A Arthropathy by Means of Accelerometry, Image Tests and Physical Condition Parameters. Benefits Associated With That Monitoring" Completed NCT02253693
17 Static Postural Balance Evaluation in Children With Severe Haemophilia and Investigation of Its Relationship With Joint Health: a Cross-sectional Study Completed NCT04406519
18 Prospective and Multicenter Study to Assess the Safety and Effectiveness of a Physiotherapy Treatment Through Fascial Therapy in Hemophilic Elbow Arthropathy. A Pilot Study. Completed NCT03009591
19 The Effectiveness of Manual Theraphy on Lower Extremity Joint Arthropathy in Patients With Hemophilia Completed NCT04309903
20 Feasibility of Outpatient Total Knee Arthroplasty Completed NCT01186211
21 Single Time Management for Seven Common Disease in Pediatric Traumatology. A Monocentric Prospective Study Completed NCT03852095
22 Effectiveness of Two Psychological Interventions for Prevention and Management of Pain, Emotional Regulation and Promotion of Quality of Life in People With Haemophilia: a Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT02870452
23 PET Imaging of Hemophilic Arthropathy Correlates With Clinical, Radiographic and Sonographic Assessments Completed NCT03485170
24 Ultrasonography in Hemophilic Joint Disease Completed NCT02634918
25 Pharmacokinetic Characterization of the Hemophilia A Population in Spain Using an Online Medical Application Based on a Published Population Model and a Bayesian Algorithm Recruiting NCT03006965 octocog alfa;rurioctocog alfa pegol
26 A Pilot Study in the Management of Adolescent Anterior Knee Pain: Electromyostimulation Compared to Standard Physical Therapy Recruiting NCT03225014
27 Biologic Therapy to Prevent Osteoarthritis After ACL Injury Not yet recruiting NCT03968913 Early Phase 1 Anakinra injection
28 Handheld Ultrasound (HHUS) for Home Use in Hemophilia Not yet recruiting NCT04131920
29 Safety and Effectiveness of a Physiotherapy Intervention Through Movement Visualization in the Approach of Pain in Patients With Hemophilic Arthropathy. Multicenter Randomized Clinical Study. Not yet recruiting NCT04237766
30 Assesment of Quality of Life by Functional Independance Score in Hemophilia Patients Not yet recruiting NCT04102046

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hemarthrosis

Cochrane evidence based reviews: hemarthrosis

Genetic Tests for Hemarthrosis

Anatomical Context for Hemarthrosis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hemarthrosis:

Bone, Testes, Eye, Spinal Cord, Skeletal Muscle, Liver, Prostate

Publications for Hemarthrosis

Articles related to Hemarthrosis:

(show top 50) (show all 987)
# Title Authors PMID Year
Intraarticular factor IX protein or gene replacement protects against development of hemophilic synovitis in the absence of circulating factor IX. 54 61
18716130 2008
Von Willebrand's disease in the year 2003: towards the complete identification of gene defects for correct diagnosis and treatment. 54 61
12551832 2003
EPCR deficiency or function-blocking antibody protects against joint bleeding-induced pathology in hemophilia mice. 61
32294155 2020
A Novel Case of Recurrent Hemarthrosis Following Knee Arthroscopy in a Patient with Undiagnosed Hemophilia. 61
32548594 2020
Embolization for intractable spontaneous hemarthrosis of the knee joint in the elderly patient: Case report. 61
32541469 2020
Traditional investigation and management for recurrent hemarthrosis after total knee arthroplasty: A case report. 61
32518788 2020
No longer a historical ailment: two cases of childhood scurvy with recommendations for bone health providers. 61
31901946 2020
Bleeding symptoms in patients diagnosed as type 3 Von Willebrand Disease: results from 3WINTERS-IPS, an international and collaborative cross-sectional study. 61
32379400 2020
Exploring the Potential Feasibility of Intra-Articular Adeno-Associated Virus-Mediated Gene Therapy for Hemophilia Arthropathy. 61
32079420 2020
Intra-articular venous malformation of the knee in children: magnetic resonance imaging findings and significance of synovial involvement. 61
31853571 2020
[A rare differential diagnosis of "atraumatic" shoulder pain]. 61
32067072 2020
Treatment with radiosynoviorthesis in hemophilic patients with and without inhibitor. 61
32312235 2020
A Unique Presentation of Spontaneous Compartment Syndrome due to Acquired Hemophilia A and Associated Malignancy: Case Report and Literature Review. 61
32284775 2020
Diagnostic needle arthroscopy of the tarsocrural joint in standing sedated horses. 61
31943288 2020
MR Features of Juxta-Articular Venous Malformations of the Knee to Predict the Clinical Outcome of Sclerotherapy. 61
31882302 2020
Needle arthroscopy of the radiocarpal and middle carpal joints in standing sedated horses. 61
32333682 2020
Tranexamic acid is effective in decreasing postoperative intraarticular bleeding in arthroscopic knee surgery. 61
31990755 2020
Dysregulated Inflammatory Response Related to Cartilage Degradation after ACL Injury. 61
31524832 2020
Endovascular Management of Hemarthrosis in Patients with Bleeding Diatheses: Systematic Review. 61
31690982 2020
Genicular Artery Embolization for Recurrent Hemarthrosis of the Knee Following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Single Centre Experience. 61
32204610 2020
Pain Prevalence, Characteristics, and Impact Among People with Hemophilia: Findings from the First Portuguese Survey and Implications for Pain Management. 61
30812031 2020
Total knee arthroplasty in hemophilia A. 61
32211475 2020
32133968 2020
Safety and effectiveness of fascial therapy in the treatment of adult patients with hemophilic elbow arthropathy: a pilot study. 61
32223585 2020
Leech Me Alone! Atraumatic Hemarthrosis after Hirudotherapy. 61
32190470 2020
Efficacy and experience of arthroscopic lateral patella retinaculum releasing through/outside synovial membrane for the treatment of lateral patellar compression syndrome. 61
32066436 2020
Geniculate Artery Embolization in Patients With Recurrent Hemarthrosis After Knee Arthroplasty: A Retrospective Study. 61
31601456 2020
Does the Application of Platelet-Rich Fibrin in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Enhance Graft Healing and Maturation? A Comparative MRI Study of 44 Cases. 61
32128315 2020
The Effect of Preoperative Opioid Dosage on Postoperative Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Knee Surgery. 61
32013281 2020
Scoring system for optimal management of acute traumatic patellar dislocation: A multicenter study. 61
30928034 2020
Yttrium-90 radiosynovectomy in knees and ankles (25 joints in 22 hemophilic patients). Short-term results. 61
32036013 2020
Bleeding assessment tools to predict von Willebrand disease: Utility of individual bleeding symptoms. 61
31989089 2020
Rhenium-188 radiosynovectomy for chronic haemophilic synovitis: Evaluation of its safety and efficacy in haemophilic patients. 61
31814241 2020
Acquired factor VIII deficiency in prostate adenocarcinoma presenting as multiple hematomas and hemarthrosis. 61
32110407 2020
A Translational Study of TNF-Alpha Antagonists as an Adjunctive Therapy for Preventing Hemophilic Arthropathy. 61
31892201 2019
Selective Embolization Is Safe and Effective for Total Knee Arthroplasty-Associated Recurrent Hemarthroses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 61
31891962 2019
Regarding "Intra-articular Injection of Tranexamic Acid Reduced Postoperative Hemarthrosis in Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Study". 61
31699245 2019
Author Reply to "The Dangers and Concerns of Intra-articular Tranexamic Acid" and "Regarding 'Intra-articular Injection of Tranexamic Acid Reduced Postoperative Hemarthrosis in Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Study'". 61
31699246 2019
Emicizumab prophylaxis among infants and toddlers with severe hemophilia A and inhibitors-a single-center cohort. 61
31348595 2019
Mechanisms of vascular permeability and remodeling associated with hemarthrosis in factor VIII-deficient mice. 61
31301687 2019
Genetic biomarkers related to hemarthrosis, inflammation, and cartilage structure in pediatric patients with hemophilic arthropathy. 61
31566926 2019
Novel Piperazino-Enaminones Decrease Pro-inflammatory Cytokines Following Hemarthrosis in a Hemophilia Mouse Model. 61
31129747 2019
Recurrent Hemarthrosis Following Total Knee Arthroplasty. 61
31592833 2019
Recurrent Hemarthrosis Following Total Knee Arthroplasty. 61
31663920 2019
Does Hemophilia Increase Risk of Adverse Outcomes Following Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty? A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis of a Nationwide, Population-Based Study. 61
31337553 2019
Hemophilia A and B mice, but not VWF-/-mice, display bone defects in congenital development and remodeling after injury. 61
31594977 2019
Hemophilia A in Afghanistan, the first report. 61
31503016 2019
Shoulder Pseudodislocation Associated with Calcific Tendinitis/Bursitis and Diagnosed by Point of Care Ultrasound. 61
31677978 2019
Percutaneous left atrial appendage closure in a patient with atrial fibrillation and osler-weber-rendu disease 61
31983153 2019
Acute Swollen Calf Pain With a Diagnosis of Hemophilia Following an MRI. 61
31094906 2019

Variations for Hemarthrosis

Expression for Hemarthrosis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hemarthrosis.

Pathways for Hemarthrosis

Pathways related to Hemarthrosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
Show member pathways
13.05 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
Show member pathways
12.58 F9 F8 F7 F3 F2 F13B
Show member pathways
11.81 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
Show member pathways
11.8 F9 F7 F2 F10 BGLAP
6 11.44 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
7 10.73 F9 F7 F2 F10 BGLAP

GO Terms for Hemarthrosis

Cellular components related to Hemarthrosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.97 SPP1 F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
2 collagen-containing extracellular matrix GO:0062023 9.73 VWF F9 F7 F3 F2 ACAN
3 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.73 VWF SPP1 F9 F8 F7 F3
4 endoplasmic reticulum lumen GO:0005788 9.7 SPP1 F9 F8 F7 F2 F10
5 vesicle GO:0031982 9.61 SPP1 F7 BGLAP
6 intrinsic component of external side of plasma membrane GO:0031233 9.4 F3 F10
7 serine-type peptidase complex GO:1905286 9.37 F7 F3
8 Golgi lumen GO:0005796 9.1 F9 F7 F2 F10 BGLAP ACAN

Biological processes related to Hemarthrosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 14)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 proteolysis GO:0006508 9.88 F9 F7 F2 F11 F10 ACAN
2 ER to Golgi vesicle-mediated transport GO:0006888 9.8 MCFD2 F9 F8 F7 F2 F10
3 positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling GO:0051897 9.71 F7 F3 F10
4 platelet activation GO:0030168 9.67 VWF F8 F2
5 blood coagulation GO:0007596 9.61 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2
6 blood coagulation, intrinsic pathway GO:0007597 9.55 VWF F9 F8 F2 F11
7 response to vitamin D GO:0033280 9.52 SPP1 BGLAP
8 positive regulation of blood coagulation GO:0030194 9.51 F7 F2
9 blood coagulation, extrinsic pathway GO:0007598 9.5 F7 F3 F10
10 regulation of blood coagulation GO:0030193 9.48 F2 F11
11 positive regulation of positive chemotaxis GO:0050927 9.46 F7 F3
12 positive regulation of platelet-derived growth factor receptor signaling pathway GO:0010641 9.43 F7 F3
13 response to vitamin K GO:0032571 9.37 F7 BGLAP
14 hemostasis GO:0007599 9.28 VWF F9 F8 F7 F3 F2

Molecular functions related to Hemarthrosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 calcium ion binding GO:0005509 9.7 MCFD2 F9 F7 F2 F10 BGLAP
2 peptidase activity GO:0008233 9.65 F9 F7 F2 F11 F10
3 serine-type peptidase activity GO:0008236 9.35 F9 F7 F2 F11 F10
4 serine-type endopeptidase activity GO:0004252 9.1 F9 F7 F3 F2 F11 F10

Sources for Hemarthrosis

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
37 LifeMap
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
54 Novoseek
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
70 Tocris
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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