Aliases & Classifications for Hernia, Hiatus

MalaCards integrated aliases for Hernia, Hiatus:

Name: Hernia, Hiatus 57
Hiatal Hernia 57 12 29 43 15
Hiatus Hernia 12 15
Diaphragmatic - Hiatus -Hernia 12
Hernia, Hiatal 44

Characteristics:

OMIM:

57
Inheritance:
autosomal dominant


HPO:

32
hernia, hiatus:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


Classifications:



External Ids:

OMIM 57 142400
Disease Ontology 12 DOID:12642
ICD10 33 K44
MeSH 44 D006551
NCIt 50 C98945
SNOMED-CT 68 3662000 84089009
MedGen 42 C3489393
SNOMED-CT via HPO 69 263681008

Summaries for Hernia, Hiatus

MedlinePlus : 43 A hiatal hernia is a condition in which the upper part of your stomach bulges through an opening in your diaphragm. Your diaphragm is the thin muscle that separates your chest from your abdomen. Your diaphragm helps keep acid from coming up into your esophagus. When you have a hiatal hernia, it's easier for the acid to come up. This leaking of acid from your stomach into your esophagus is called GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). GERD may cause symptoms such as Heartburn Problems swallowing A dry cough Bad breath Nausea and/or vomiting Breathing problems The wearing away of your teeth Often, the cause of a hiatal hernia is unknown. It may have to do with weakness in the surrounding muscles. Sometimes the cause is an injury or a birth defect. Your risk of getting a hiatal hernia goes up as you age; they are common in people over age 50. You are also at higher risk if you have obesity or smoke. People usually find out that they have a hiatal hernia when they are getting tests for GERD, heartburn, chest pain, or abdominal pain. The tests may be a chest x-ray, an x-ray with a barium swallow, or an upper endoscopy. You don't need treatment if your hiatal hernia does not cause any symptoms or problems. If you do have symptoms, some lifestyle changes may help. They include eating small meals, avoiding certain foods, not smoking or drinking alcohol, and losing weight. Your health care provider may recommend antacids or other medicines. If these don't help, you may need surgery. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

MalaCards based summary : Hernia, Hiatus, also known as hiatal hernia, is related to galloway-mowat syndrome and peptic esophagitis. An important gene associated with Hernia, Hiatus is ATP12A (ATPase H+/K+ Transporting Non-Gastric Alpha2 Subunit), and among its related pathways/superpathways is Constitutive Androstane Receptor Pathway. The drugs Calcium polycarbophil and Psyllium have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include testes, kidney and lung, and related phenotypes are abnormality of the thorax and hiatus hernia

Description from OMIM: 142400

Related Diseases for Hernia, Hiatus

Diseases related to Hernia, Hiatus via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 194)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 galloway-mowat syndrome 32.7 WDR73 TPRKB LAGE3
2 peptic esophagitis 31.1 CYP2C19 ATP4A ATP12A
3 peptic ulcer disease 30.4 ATP4A CYP2C19
4 microinvasive gastric cancer 30.3 ATP12A ATP4A
5 laryngitis 30.3 ATP12A ATP4A
6 superior mesenteric artery syndrome 30.1 ATP12A ATP4A
7 intestinal volvulus 30.1 WDR73 TPRKB LAGE3
8 microcephaly 29.3 IER3IP1 LAGE3 TPRKB WDR73
9 sucrosuria, hiatus hernia and mental retardation 12.3
10 gastrocutaneous syndrome 11.9
11 galloway-mowat syndrome 1 11.9
12 displacement of cardia through esophageal hiatus 11.9
13 ehlers-danlos syndrome, classic-like 11.2
14 gas bloat syndrome 11.2
15 gastroesophageal reflux 10.9
16 esophagitis 10.8
17 degos 'en cocarde' erythrokeratoderma 10.4
18 dysphagia 10.4
19 achalasia 10.3
20 iron metabolism disease 10.3
21 adenocarcinoma 10.3
22 syncope 10.3
23 asthma 10.2
24 deficiency anemia 10.2
25 atrial fibrillation 10.2
26 cardiac tamponade 10.2
27 fungal esophagitis 10.2 ATP4A ATP12A
28 diclofenac allergy 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
29 gastroduodenal crohn's disease 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
30 neonatal candidiasis 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
31 photoallergic dermatitis 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
32 squamous papillomatosis 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
33 toxic megacolon 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
34 aspiration pneumonitis 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
35 gastrointestinal neuroendocrine benign tumor 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
36 gastric antral vascular ectasia 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
37 granulomatous gastritis 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
38 gastric neuroendocrine neoplasm 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
39 acute laryngitis 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
40 duodenitis 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
41 rumination disorder 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
42 active peptic ulcer disease 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
43 congenital disorder of deglycosylation 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
44 ischemic neuropathy 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
45 bile reflux 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
46 capillary disease 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
47 dyskinesia of esophagus 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
48 anismus 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
49 postsurgical hypothyroidism 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A
50 lymphocytic colitis 10.2 ATP12A ATP4A

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hernia, Hiatus:



Diseases related to Hernia, Hiatus

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Hernia, Hiatus

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

57
Thorax:
hiatus hernia
congenital short esophagus
partial thoracic stomach


Clinical features from OMIM:

142400

Human phenotypes related to Hernia, Hiatus:

32
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 abnormality of the thorax 32 HP:0000765
2 hiatus hernia 32 HP:0002036

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hernia, Hiatus

Drugs for Hernia, Hiatus (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 42)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Calcium polycarbophil Approved Phase 4 126040-58-2
2 Psyllium Phase 4
3 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 2,Not Applicable
4
Nitric Oxide Approved 10102-43-9 145068
5
Methylene blue Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 61-73-4
6
Pancrelipase Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 53608-75-6
7
Alprostadil Approved, Investigational 745-65-3 149351 5280723
8
Rabeprazole Approved, Investigational 117976-89-3 5029
9
Dopamine Approved 51-61-6, 62-31-7 681
10
Guaifenesin Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved 93-14-1 3516
11
Domperidone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved 57808-66-9 3151
12
Lansoprazole Approved, Investigational 103577-45-3 3883
13
Dexlansoprazole Approved, Investigational 103577-45-3, 138530-94-6 9578005
14
Pantoprazole Approved 102625-70-7 4679
15
Omeprazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved 73590-58-6 4594
16
Esomeprazole Approved, Investigational 161796-78-7, 119141-88-7 4594 9579578
17
Citalopram Approved 59729-33-8 2771
18 Mosapride Investigational 112885-41-3
19 Immunologic Factors
20 Anesthetics ,Not Applicable
21 Cola Not Applicable
22 pancreatin Not Applicable
23 Central Nervous System Depressants
24 Neurotransmitter Agents
25 Antacids
26 Antipsychotic Agents
27 Psychotropic Drugs
28 Dopamine Antagonists
29 decanoic acid
30 Chlorpheniramine, phenylpropanolamine drug combination
31 Antiemetics
32 Proton Pump Inhibitors
33 Anti-Ulcer Agents
34 Peripheral Nervous System Agents
35 Dopamine Agents
36 Tranquilizing Agents
37 Gastrointestinal Agents
38 Flupenthixol decanoate
39 Serotonin Agents
40 Autonomic Agents
41 Calcium, Dietary Not Applicable
42
Serotonin Investigational, Nutraceutical 50-67-9 5202

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 51)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication (TIF) Versus Sham for Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Unknown status NCT01110811 Phase 4
2 Phase IV Study of the Impact of Dietary Fibers on Symptoms and Esophageal Motility in Patients With Non-erosive GERD Unknown status NCT01882088 Phase 4 Mucofalk
3 Biologic Versus Synthetic Mesh for Treatment of Paraesophageal Hernia Recruiting NCT02242526 Phase 4
4 Nissen and Gastroplasty in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Completed NCT00872755 Phase 4
5 Laparoscopic Repair of Giant Hiatal Hernias With Nitinol-framed Lightweight Polytetrafluoroethylene Mesh Unknown status NCT01780285 Phase 3
6 Laparoscopic Lightweight Mesh Repair of Large Hiatal Hernias Unknown status NCT01408108 Phase 3
7 Usage of Biological Patch Versus Plastic in the Laparoscopic Repair of Hiatal Hernias Unknown status NCT02328248 Phase 2, Phase 3
8 Evaluation of the Safety and Effectiveness of Tailored Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication (TIF) Using EsophyX for the Treatment of GERD Withdrawn NCT01025739 Phase 2
9 Immunologic Factors in Reflux Esophagitis and Barrett’s Esophagus Unknown status NCT00155805
10 Study of Paraesophageal Hernia Repair With Small Intestine Submucosa Unknown status NCT00786084
11 Evaluation of MicroRNA Expression in Blood and Cytology for Detecting Barrett's Esophagus and Associated Neoplasia Unknown status NCT02464930
12 Hiatal Hernia Repair by Tension-free Mesh Closure or Simple Suturing Active, not recruiting NCT03730233 Not Applicable
13 Recurrence Rate After Laparoscopic Repair of Large Hiatal Hernia Enrolling by invitation NCT03025932
14 Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy With or Without Hiatal Hernia Repair in Morbidly Obese Patients Recruiting NCT03776669 Not Applicable
15 Veritas Laparoscopic Paraesophageal Hiatal Hernia (PEH) Repair Pilot Trial Completed NCT01195545 Not Applicable
16 Complications, Outcomes and Revisions Following Hiatal Hernia Repair With MIROMESH Completed NCT03735862
17 Miromatrix Biological Mesh for Hiatal Hernia Repair Completed NCT02436681 Not Applicable
18 Long-term Outcome of Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia Repair With or Without Alloderm Mesh at a University Hospital Completed NCT01776827
19 Follow-up of Patients Operated Upon for Type II-IV Hiatal Hernia Completed NCT01606449
20 Antireflux Ablation Therapy (ARAT) for Gastroesophageal Reflux Treatment Recruiting NCT03548298 Not Applicable
21 GERD Treatment With Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication (TIF) Following Hiatal Hernia Surgery Completed NCT03143608
22 Short Esophagus in Type II-IV Hiatus Hernia Completed NCT01587859
23 Registry of Outcomes From AntiReflux Surgery Recruiting NCT02923362
24 Necessity of Esophageal Dissection During Laparoscopic Fundoplication Completed NCT00287612 Not Applicable
25 Effects of Position and a Test Meal on Esophago-gastric Junction Morphology and Function Assessed by High-resolution Impedance Manometry (HRM) Completed NCT02397616
26 Randomized EsophyX Versus Sham / Placebo Controlled TIF Trial: The RESPECT Study Active, not recruiting NCT01136980 Not Applicable
27 ACELL Mesh for Paraesophageal Hernia Repair Active, not recruiting NCT03058731
28 The Biologic Basis of Hernia Formation Completed NCT01099033
29 Foreshortened Esophagus and Its Surgical Therapy Completed NCT00507377
30 Demographics and Findings of Upper Endoscopy Patients Terminated NCT00576992
31 Genetic Analysis of Congenital Diaphragmatic Disorders Active, not recruiting NCT01243229
32 Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication (TIF) Registry Study for Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Active, not recruiting NCT01118585 Not Applicable
33 Use of Strattice Mesh in Paraesophageal Hernia Surgery Completed NCT01678157
34 Comparison of Laparoscopic Procedures With and Without the Aid of the AutoLap System- a Robotic Camera Holder Completed NCT02934542 Not Applicable
35 Valvuloplasty as Alternative to Toupet Fundoplication for GERD Withdrawn NCT02625077 Not Applicable
36 Mayo Clinic Foregut Surgery Report Card Questionnaire Recruiting NCT02708303
37 Minimally Invasive Collis-Nissen for the Treatment of Short Esophagus Completed NCT02288988 Not Applicable
38 Cardiaplication: A Novel Antireflux Operation Completed NCT02060500 Not Applicable
39 Ergonomics of Laparoscopy: Robotic Camera Controlled Versus Human Camera Controlled Recruiting NCT03339960 Not Applicable
40 Esophageal Cancer Risk Registry Recruiting NCT00260585
41 Pilot Study: Utilizing Manometry to Assess Radiation-Induced Changes in Esophageal Function Terminated NCT01992068
42 Blind Gastric Tube Placement: Incidence of Malposition Confirmed by Ultrasonography Recruiting NCT03430908
43 Early Increase in Blood Supply in Patients With Barrett's Esophagus Completed NCT01188980
44 Effects of Combined Surgery on Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Obese Patients: an Open-label Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Not yet recruiting NCT03227939 Not Applicable
45 Ultrasound Assessment of Gastric Content and Volume Completed NCT02810977
46 Hiatal Interrogation in Sleeve Gastrectomy Recruiting NCT03527810 Not Applicable
47 Endoscopic Fundoplication With MUSE System Recruiting NCT03669874
48 Retrospective TIF Study for Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). The RetroTIF Study Terminated NCT01327963 Not Applicable
49 A New System for GERD Diagnosis and Treatment Not yet recruiting NCT03600974 Probiotic Agent;PPI;Prokinetic Motility Agents;Neuromodulators
50 Lingual Tonsil Hypertrophy Grading and Its Relation to Sociodemographic Factors and Clinical Symptoms Completed NCT02926014 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hernia, Hiatus

Cochrane evidence based reviews: hernia, hiatal

Genetic Tests for Hernia, Hiatus

Genetic tests related to Hernia, Hiatus:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Hiatal Hernia 29

Anatomical Context for Hernia, Hiatus

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hernia, Hiatus:

41
Testes, Kidney, Lung, Heart, Thyroid, Lymph Node, Skin

Publications for Hernia, Hiatus

Articles related to Hernia, Hiatus:

(show top 50) (show all 1025)
# Title Authors Year
1
Effects of manipulations to detect sliding hiatal hernia in dogs with brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome. ( 29094360 )
2018
2
Unilateral lung agenesis, hiatal hernia and atrioventricular septal defect: a rare combination of congenital anomalies. ( 29754141 )
2018
3
One-Stage Laparoscopic Surgery for Pulmonary Sequestration and Hiatal Hernia in a 2-Year-Old Girl. ( 29318104 )
2018
4
Hiatal hernia recurrence following magnetic sphincter augmentation and posterior cruroplasty: intermediate-term outcomes. ( 29340828 )
2018
5
Occult Hiatal Hernia in Achalasia Patients: Its Incidence and Treatment Options. ( 30304727 )
2018
6
Contribution of hiatal hernia to asthma in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. ( 29193785 )
2018
7
Giant gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the mediastinum associated with an esophageal hiatal hernia and chest discomfort: a case report. ( 30547235 )
2018
8
Case of giant paraesophageal hiatal hernia associated with Morgagni hernia. ( 28664605 )
2018
9
Extensive Cavitary Lung Cancer Mimicking Paraesophageal Hiatal Hernia. ( 29102334 )
2018
10
Intrathoracic stomach in hiatal hernia: the role of laparoscopic repair. ( 29243455 )
2018
11
Case of complete mesh migration into the stomach after mesh hiatoplasty for a hiatal hernia. ( 29361648 )
2018
12
Laparoscopic management of large hiatal hernia: mesh method with the use of ProGrip mesh versus standard crural repair. ( 29423552 )
2018
13
Influence of hiatal hernia and male sex on the relationship between alcohol intake and occurrence of Barrett's esophagus. ( 29447244 )
2018
14
Esophageal hiatal hernia: risk, diagnosis and management. ( 29451037 )
2018
15
Short esophagus is a disease of the past and the prevention of recurrent hiatal hernia is the challenge of the future. ( 29452479 )
2018
16
Strangulated Paraesophageal Hiatal Hernia. ( 29480921 )
2018
17
Treatment of paraesophageal hiatal hernia in octogenarians: a systematic review and retrospective cohort study. ( 29538745 )
2018
18
Biologic Keyhole Mesh in Hiatal Hernia Repair. ( 29551883 )
2018
19
Videoesophagography versus Endoscopy for Prediction of Intraoperative Hiatal Hernia Size. ( 29559053 )
2018
20
Perforation of a Peptic Ulcer in a Hiatal Hernia Into the Left Ventricle With Systemic Air and Food Embolism. ( 29613995 )
2018
21
Heimlich Maneuver-Induced Diaphragmatic Rupture and Hiatal Hernia. ( 29661360 )
2018
22
Tailored Fundoplication With Endoluminal Functional Lumen Imaging Probe Allows for Successful Minimally Invasive Hiatal Hernia Repair. ( 29668668 )
2018
23
Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia Repair with Falciform Ligament Buttress. ( 29736666 )
2018
24
Crural Closure improves Outcomes of Magnetic Sphincter Augmentation in GERD patients with Hiatal Hernia. ( 29743599 )
2018
25
Large hiatal hernia with pancreatic body herniation: Case-report. ( 29744046 )
2018
26
Randomized clinical trial comparing laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair using sutures versus sutures reinforced with non-absorbable mesh. ( 29766301 )
2018
27
Left atrial compression and right ventricular outflow tract diameter on echocardiography are independently associated with exercise capacity in patients with large hiatal hernia. ( 29790224 )
2018
28
Urinary Bladder Matrix Reinforcement for Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia Repair. ( 29861621 )
2018
29
Characteristics and outcomes of laparoscopic surgery in patients with large hiatal hernia. A single center study. ( 29913430 )
2018
30
Laparoscopic Heller Myotomy and Hiatal Hernia Repair After Failed Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy. ( 29943140 )
2018
31
Paraesophageal Hiatal Hernia Repair With Urinary Bladder Matrix Graft. ( 29950797 )
2018
32
The Use of Standardized Measures to Predict and Assess Quality of Life after Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia Repair. ( 29981603 )
2018
33
GERD: Presence and Size of Hiatal Hernia Influence Clinical Presentation, Esophageal Function, Reflux Profile, and Degree of Mucosal Injury. ( 29981634 )
2018
34
Preoperative anemia: a common finding that predicts worse outcomes in patients undergoing primary hiatal hernia repair. ( 29998393 )
2018
35
Nonoperative management of complicated hiatal hernia after transhiatal esophagectomy- case report. ( 30101007 )
2018
36
Hiatal hernia involving prolapse of the entire stomach into the mediastinum after distal gastrectomy: a case report. ( 30105511 )
2018
37
Posterior cardiac compression from a large hiatal hernia-A novel cause of ventricular tachycardia. ( 30116709 )
2018
38
Low-dose combined spinal-epidural anesthesia for a patient with a giant hiatal hernia who underwent urological surgery. ( 30157681 )
2018
39
High-resolution manometry is superior to endoscopy and radiology in assessing and grading sliding hiatal hernia: A comparison with surgical in vivo evaluation. ( 30228885 )
2018
40
Management of the Difficult Hiatal Hernia. ( 30268299 )
2018
41
Correction to: Hiatal hernia, mitral valve prolapse and defecatory disorders: An underlying rectal prolapse? ( 30324409 )
2018
42
Conversion for failed adjustable gastric banding warrants hiatal scrutiny for hiatal hernia. ( 30341651 )
2018
43
Morbidity and mortality in complex robot-assisted hiatal hernia surgery: 7-year experience in a high-volume center. ( 30350095 )
2018
44
The Relationship Between Hiatal Hernia and Cricopharyngeus Muscle Dysfunction. ( 30406336 )
2018
45
Laparoscopic Repair of Hiatal Hernia in the Presence of Aberrant Left Hepatic Artery Using Extracorporeal Sliding Arthroscopic Knots. ( 30454338 )
2018
46
Feeding Induces Left Atrial Compression and Impedes Cardiac Filling in Patients With Large Hiatal Hernia. ( 30473406 )
2018
47
Concomitant Hiatal Hernia Repair Is more Common in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy than During Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: an Analysis of 130,772 Cases. ( 30536200 )
2018
48
Crus incision without repair is a risk factor for esophageal hiatal hernia after laparoscopic total gastrectomy: a retrospective cohort study. ( 27177954 )
2017
49
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease After Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy with Concomitant Hiatal Hernia Repair: an Unresolved Question. ( 28455802 )
2017
50
What are the differences in the outcome of laparoscopic axial (I) versus paraesophageal (II-IV) hiatal hernia repair? ( 28597286 )
2017

Variations for Hernia, Hiatus

Expression for Hernia, Hiatus

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hernia, Hiatus.

Pathways for Hernia, Hiatus

Pathways related to Hernia, Hiatus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 10.13 CYP2C19 NCOA2

GO Terms for Hernia, Hiatus

Cellular components related to Hernia, Hiatus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 nuclear body GO:0016604 9.13 LAGE3 LARS NCOA2
2 EKC/KEOPS complex GO:0000408 8.62 LAGE3 TPRKB

Biological processes related to Hernia, Hiatus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 tRNA processing GO:0008033 9.43 LAGE3 TPRKB
2 potassium ion import across plasma membrane GO:1990573 9.4 ATP12A ATP4A
3 potassium ion import GO:0010107 9.37 ATP12A ATP4A
4 ATP hydrolysis coupled proton transport GO:0015991 9.32 ATP12A ATP4A
5 cellular sodium ion homeostasis GO:0006883 9.26 ATP12A ATP4A
6 establishment or maintenance of transmembrane electrochemical gradient GO:0010248 9.16 ATP12A ATP4A
7 cellular potassium ion homeostasis GO:0030007 8.96 ATP12A ATP4A
8 sodium ion export across plasma membrane GO:0036376 8.62 ATP12A ATP4A

Molecular functions related to Hernia, Hiatus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 sodium:potassium-exchanging ATPase activity GO:0005391 8.96 ATP12A ATP4A
2 potassium:proton exchanging ATPase activity GO:0008900 8.62 ATP12A ATP4A

Sources for Hernia, Hiatus

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
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51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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