HPE3
MCID: HLP026
MIFTS: 43

Holoprosencephaly 3 (HPE3)

Categories: Endocrine diseases, Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Holoprosencephaly 3

MalaCards integrated aliases for Holoprosencephaly 3:

Name: Holoprosencephaly 3 57 12 74 29 6 15 72
Hpe3 57 12 74
Holoprosencephaly-3 74 13
Hlp3 57 12
Holoprosencephaly, Type 3 40

Characteristics:

OMIM:

57
Inheritance:
autosomal dominant

Miscellaneous:
severe alobar form may result in death in infancy
mild form may include microcephaly, hypotelorism, and single maxillary central incisor
variable features may be present


HPO:

32
holoprosencephaly 3:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance
Onset and clinical course incomplete penetrance


Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0110875
MeSH 44 D016142
MedGen 42 C1840529
UMLS 72 C1840529

Summaries for Holoprosencephaly 3

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 74 Holoprosencephaly 3: A structural anomaly of the brain, in which the developing forebrain fails to correctly separate into right and left hemispheres. Holoprosencephaly is genetically heterogeneous and associated with several distinct facies and phenotypic variability. The majority of holoprosencephaly type 3 cases are apparently sporadic, although clear examples of autosomal dominant inheritance have been described.

MalaCards based summary : Holoprosencephaly 3, also known as hpe3, is related to holoprosencephaly and persian gulf syndrome. An important gene associated with Holoprosencephaly 3 is SHH (Sonic Hedgehog Signaling Molecule), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Susceptibility Pathways and G alpha (s) signalling events. Affiliated tissues include brain and eye, and related phenotypes are malar flattening and hydronephrosis

Disease Ontology : 12 A holoprosencephaly that has material basis in heterozygous mutation in the SHH gene on chromosome 7q36.

More information from OMIM: 142945 PS236100

Related Diseases for Holoprosencephaly 3

Diseases in the Holoprosencephaly family:

Holoprosencephaly 3 Holoprosencephaly 4
Holoprosencephaly 2 Holoprosencephaly 1
Holoprosencephaly 6 Holoprosencephaly 8
Holoprosencephaly 5 Holoprosencephaly 7
Holoprosencephaly 9 Holoprosencephaly 11
Nonsyndromic Holoprosencephaly

Diseases related to Holoprosencephaly 3 via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 holoprosencephaly 9.8
2 persian gulf syndrome 9.6 VIP NPS ADCYAP1
3 migraine with or without aura 1 9.4 VIP NPS ADCYAP1

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Holoprosencephaly 3

Human phenotypes related to Holoprosencephaly 3:

32 (show all 8)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 malar flattening 32 HP:0000272
2 hydronephrosis 32 HP:0000126
3 holoprosencephaly 32 HP:0001360
4 midface retrusion 32 HP:0011800
5 hypotelorism 32 HP:0000601
6 abnormality of the nose 32 HP:0000366
7 cyclopia 32 HP:0009914
8 proboscis 32 HP:0012806

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

57
Head And Neck Head:
microcephaly

Head And Neck Eyes:
hypotelorism
prominent eyes
synophthalmia (in some patients)

Endocrine Features:
central diabetes insipidus

Head And Neck Face:
midface hypoplasia

Head And Neck Teeth:
single central upper incisor

Head And Neck Mouth:
cleft palate
bifid uvula
cleft lip

Head And Neck Nose:
short columella
flat nasal bridge
single nostril
proboscis (in some patients)

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
developmental delay
mental retardation
holoprosencephaly (lobar or alobar)
dilated ventricles
single anterior ventricle

Head And Neck Ears:
hearing deficits

Clinical features from OMIM:

142945

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Holoprosencephaly 3:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 behavior/neurological MP:0005386 9.97 ADCYAP1 EN2 HSPD1 HTR5A KMT2A SHH
2 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 9.96 ADCYAP1 EN2 HLX HSPD1 KMT2A KMT2C
3 liver/biliary system MP:0005370 9.63 ADCYAP1 CYB5A HLX KMT2A RUNX2 SHH
4 no phenotypic analysis MP:0003012 9.43 ADCYAP1 EN2 KMT2A KMT2C RUNX2 SHH
5 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.32 ADCYAP1 EN2 FNDC3A HSPD1 KMT2A KMT2C

Drugs & Therapeutics for Holoprosencephaly 3

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Holoprosencephaly 3

Genetic Tests for Holoprosencephaly 3

Genetic tests related to Holoprosencephaly 3:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Holoprosencephaly 3 29 SHH

Anatomical Context for Holoprosencephaly 3

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Holoprosencephaly 3:

41
Brain, Eye

Publications for Holoprosencephaly 3

Articles related to Holoprosencephaly 3:

(show all 48)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Mutations in the human Sonic Hedgehog gene cause holoprosencephaly. 38 8 71
8896572 1996
2
A sonic hedgehog missense mutation associated with holoprosencephaly causes defective binding to GAS1. 8 71
19478089 2009
3
Previously undescribed nonsense mutation in SHH caused autosomal dominant holoprosencephaly with wide intrafamilial variability. 8 71
12567406 2003
4
The mutational spectrum of the sonic hedgehog gene in holoprosencephaly: SHH mutations cause a significant proportion of autosomal dominant holoprosencephaly. 8 71
10556296 1999
5
Identification of Sonic hedgehog as a candidate gene responsible for holoprosencephaly. 38 8
8896571 1996
6
Linkage of a human brain malformation, familial holoprosencephaly, to chromosome 7 and evidence for genetic heterogeneity. 38 8
8058764 1994
7
New findings for phenotype-genotype correlations in a large European series of holoprosencephaly cases. 8
21940735 2011
8
A broad range of ophthalmologic anomalies is part of the holoprosencephaly spectrum. 8
21976454 2011
9
The unfolding clinical spectrum of holoprosencephaly due to mutations in SHH, ZIC2, SIX3 and TGIF genes. 8
20531442 2010
10
Holoprosencephaly and holoprosencephaly-like phenotype and GAS1 DNA sequence changes: Report of four Brazilian patients. 8
20583177 2010
11
Sonic hedgehog mutations are an uncommon cause of developmental eye anomalies. 71
20425842 2010
12
Mutational analysis of SHH and GLI3 in anorectal malformations. 71
18655123 2008
13
Multicolour FISH and quantitative PCR can detect submicroscopic deletions in holoprosencephaly patients with a normal karyotype. 8
16199538 2006
14
Molecular evaluation of foetuses with holoprosencephaly shows high incidence of microdeletions in the HPE genes. 8
16323008 2006
15
Molecular mechanisms of Sonic hedgehog mutant effects in holoprosencephaly. 71
16282375 2005
16
Molecular screening of SHH, ZIC2, SIX3, and TGIF genes in patients with features of holoprosencephaly spectrum: Mutation review and genotype-phenotype correlations. 8
15221788 2004
17
Microphthalmia/Anophthalmia/Coloboma Spectrum 71
20301552 2004
18
SONIC HEDGEHOG mutations causing human holoprosencephaly impair neural patterning activity. 71
12709790 2003
19
Extreme variability of expression of a Sonic Hedgehog mutation: attention difficulties and holoprosencephaly. 71
11919111 2002
20
Identification of novel mutations in SHH and ZIC2 in a South American (ECLAMC) population with holoprosencephaly. 8
11479728 2001
21
Holoprosencephaly Overview 71
20301702 2000
22
Holoprosencephaly, sacral anomalies, and situs ambiguus in an infant with partial monosomy 7q/trisomy 2p and SHH and HLXB9 haploinsufficiency.. 8
10852374 2000
23
Skewed sex ratios in familial holoprosencephaly and in people with isolated single maxillary central incisor. 8
10594002 1999
24
Segregation analysis in nonsyndromic holoprosencephaly. 8
9605287 1998
25
Different proximal and distal rearrangements of chromosome 7q associated with holoprosencephaly. 8
9391882 1997
26
Mutations in the C-terminal domain of Sonic Hedgehog cause holoprosencephaly. 71
9302262 1997
27
Physical mapping of the holoprosencephaly critical region on chromosome 7q36. 8
8485580 1993
28
[Single maxillary central incisor and holoprosencephaly]. 8
1465328 1992
29
Familial holoprosencephaly associated with a translocation breakpoint at chromosomal position 7q36. 8
1897576 1991
30
Terminal 7q deletion as a cause of holoprosencephaly. 8
2323097 1990
31
Chromosome 7 abnormalities in parents of children with holoprosencephaly and hydronephrosis. 8
2309771 1990
32
Holoprosencephaly in a fetus with a 46,XX,der(7), t(7;8)(q36.1;p12) mat karyotype. 8
2241084 1990
33
Holoprosencephaly: a developmental field defect. 8
2629725 1989
34
Case of cyclopia with an unbalanced karyotype attributable to a balanced 3/7 translocation. 8
2805383 1989
35
Microcephaly in familial holoprosencephaly. 8
3209679 1988
36
Single central incisor in familial holoprosencephaly. 8
6726520 1984
37
[Familial occurrence of cyclops over several generations]. 8
6820862 1982
38
Cyclopism as a hereditary malformation. 8
5647374 1968
39
Central nervous system anomalies diagnosed antenatally and post-delivery management. 38
20231929 2010
40
Holoprosencephaly and cleidocranial dysplasia in a patient due to two position-effect mutations: case report and review of the literature. 38
16143022 2005
41
Novel human HALR (MLL3) gene encodes a protein homologous to ALR and to ALL-1 involved in leukemia, and maps to chromosome 7q36 associated with leukemia and developmental defects. 38
11718452 2001
42
Molecular cytogenetic analysis of patients with holoprosencephaly and structural rearrangements of 7q. 38
9508065 1998
43
De novo 7q36 deletion: breakpoint analysis and types of holoprosencephaly. 38
9450876 1998
44
Cytogenetic rearrangements involving the loss of the Sonic Hedgehog gene at 7q36 cause holoprosencephaly. 38
9254845 1997
45
Chromosomal localization in mouse and human of the vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor type 2 gene: a possible contributor to the holoprosencephaly 3 phenotype. 38
8938447 1996
46
Currarino triad with a terminal deletion 7q35-->qter. 38
8933345 1996
47
[New clinical phase in intrauterine diagnosis and therapeutic modalities of CNS anomalies]. 38
2687709 1989
48
Magnetic resonance imaging of supratentorial congenital brain malformations. 38
2671396 1989

Variations for Holoprosencephaly 3

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Holoprosencephaly 3:

6 (show all 48)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.1284del (p.Thr429fs) deletion Pathogenic rs1057518660 7:155595699-155595699 7:155803005-155803005
2 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.851_873del (p.Glu284fs) deletion Pathogenic rs1554493810 7:155596110-155596132 7:155803416-155803438
3 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.1307C> A (p.Ser436Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1554493607 7:155595676-155595676 7:155802982-155802982
4 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.1040C> T (p.Pro347Leu) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs886042458 7:155595943-155595943 7:155803249-155803249
5 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.214C> T (p.Arg72Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs779093031 7:155604603-155604603 7:155811909-155811909
6 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.91G> A (p.Gly31Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs28936675 7:155604726-155604726 7:155812032-155812032
7 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.298C> T (p.Gln100Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894044 7:155604519-155604519 7:155811825-155811825
8 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.313A> T (p.Lys105Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894045 7:155599239-155599239 7:155806545-155806545
9 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.349T> G (p.Trp117Gly) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894040 7:155599203-155599203 7:155806509-155806509
10 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.349T> C (p.Trp117Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894040 7:155599203-155599203 7:155806509-155806509
11 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.671T> A (p.Val224Glu) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894042 7:155596312-155596312 7:155803618-155803618
12 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.676G> A (p.Ala226Thr) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894043 7:155596307-155596307 7:155803613-155803613
13 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.788_808del (p.Arg263_Ala269del) deletion Pathogenic rs397515375 7:155596175-155596195 7:155803481-155803501
14 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.850G> T (p.Glu284Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894046 7:155596133-155596133 7:155803439-155803439
15 NM_000193.2: c.1308C> T single nucleotide variant Pathogenic
16 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.1212_1226del (p.Asp405_Gly409del) deletion Pathogenic rs587778786 7:155595759-155595773 7:155803065-155803079
17 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.6_9dup (p.Leu4fs) duplication Pathogenic rs587778788 7:155604807-155604808 7:155812113-155812114
18 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.38_45del (p.Val13fs) deletion Pathogenic rs587778789 7:155604772-155604779 7:155812078-155812085
19 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.300G> C (p.Gln100His) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs587778792 7:155604517-155604517 7:155811823-155811823
20 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.474C> G (p.Tyr158Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs146990376 7:155599078-155599078 7:155806384-155806384
21 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.562G> C (p.Glu188Gln) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs587778799 7:155598990-155598990 7:155806296-155806296
22 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.1270C> G (p.Pro424Ala) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894048 7:155595713-155595713 7:155803019-155803019
23 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.1132_1140del (p.Ala378_Phe380del) deletion Pathogenic rs397515376 7:155595843-155595851 7:155803149-155803157
24 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.263A> T (p.Asp88Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894050 7:155604554-155604554 7:155811860-155811860
25 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.766G> T (p.Glu256Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894051 7:155596217-155596217 7:155803523-155803523
26 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.383G> A (p.Trp128Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs104894053 7:155599169-155599169 7:155806475-155806475
27 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.345C> A (p.Asn115Lys) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs267607047 7:155599207-155599207 7:155806513-155806513
28 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.625C> T (p.Gln209Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs587778803 7:155596358-155596358 7:155803664-155803664
29 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.664G> A (p.Asp222Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs587778805 7:155596319-155596319 7:155803625-155803625
30 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.708C> A (p.Ser236Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs587778806 7:155596275-155596275 7:155803581-155803581
31 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.419_423dup (p.Glu142fs) duplication Pathogenic 7:155599128-155599129 7:155806436-155806440
32 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.300+2T> C single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic 7:155604515-155604515 7:155811821-155811821
33 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.796C> T (p.Leu266Phe) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs1420292012 7:155596187-155596187 7:155803493-155803493
34 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.143del (p.Ile48fs) deletion Likely pathogenic rs1554495331 7:155604674-155604674 7:155811980-155811980
35 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.876G> A (p.Gly292=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs112055654 7:155596107-155596107 7:155803413-155803413
36 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.1078C> T (p.Leu360=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs191903572 7:155595905-155595905 7:155803211-155803211
37 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.964G> A (p.Asp322Asn) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs1480063398 7:155596019-155596019 7:155803325-155803325
38 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.643_645del (p.Val215del) deletion Uncertain significance rs1554493872 7:155596338-155596340 7:155803644-155803646
39 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.1171G> A (p.Ala391Thr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs1131692264 7:155595812-155595812 7:155803118-155803118
40 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.1147G> A (p.Ala383Thr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs137853341 7:155595836-155595836 7:155803142-155803142
41 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.213G> A (p.Glu71=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs200317108 7:155604604-155604604 7:155811910-155811910
42 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.885C> T (p.Ser295=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs549625672 7:155596098-155596098 7:155803404-155803404
43 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.869G> A (p.Gly290Asp) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs104894047 7:155596114-155596114 7:155803420-155803420
44 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.570G> A (p.Ser190=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs9333633 7:155596413-155596413 7:155803719-155803719
45 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.585G> A (p.Ser195=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs372353493 7:155596398-155596398 7:155803704-155803704
46 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.825G> A (p.Ala275=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs587778813 7:155596158-155596158 7:155803464-155803464
47 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.630C> T (p.Gly210=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs9333634 7:155596353-155596353 7:155803659-155803659
48 SHH NM_000193.4(SHH): c.1005G> A (p.Val335=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs587778774 7:155595978-155595978 7:155803284-155803284

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Holoprosencephaly 3:

74 (show top 50) (show all 79)
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 SHH p.Gly31Arg VAR_003619 rs28936675
2 SHH p.Trp117Gly VAR_003620 rs104894040
3 SHH p.Trp117Arg VAR_003621 rs104894040
4 SHH p.Asp88Val VAR_009163 rs104894050
5 SHH p.Gln100His VAR_009164 rs587778792
6 SHH p.Asn115Lys VAR_009165 rs267607047
7 SHH p.Glu188Gln VAR_009166 rs587778799
8 SHH p.Asp222Asn VAR_009167 rs587778805
9 SHH p.Val224Glu VAR_009168 rs104894042
10 SHH p.Ala226Thr VAR_009169 rs104894043
11 SHH p.Ser236Arg VAR_009170 rs587778806
12 SHH p.Gly290Asp VAR_009172 rs104894047
13 SHH p.Ala383Thr VAR_009174 rs137853341
14 SHH p.Pro424Ala VAR_009176 rs104894048
15 SHH p.Ser436Leu VAR_009177
16 SHH p.Arg6Thr VAR_023804
17 SHH p.Ala110Asp VAR_023806
18 SHH p.Thr150Arg VAR_023807
19 SHH p.Leu271Pro VAR_023809
20 SHH p.Val332Ala VAR_023810 rs104894052
21 SHH p.Pro347Gln VAR_023811
22 SHH p.Ile354Thr VAR_023812
23 SHH p.Arg381Pro VAR_023813
24 SHH p.Gly27Ala VAR_039888
25 SHH p.Ile111Asn VAR_039889
26 SHH p.His140Pro VAR_039890
27 SHH p.His140Gln VAR_039891
28 SHH p.Cys183Phe VAR_039892
29 SHH p.Thr267Ile VAR_039893
30 SHH p.Ala373Thr VAR_039894
31 SHH p.Leu17Pro VAR_062592
32 SHH p.Pro26Leu VAR_062593
33 SHH p.Leu39Pro VAR_062594 rs142891682
34 SHH p.Glu53Lys VAR_062595
35 SHH p.Asp83Val VAR_062596
36 SHH p.Ile84Phe VAR_062597
37 SHH p.Cys102Arg VAR_062598
38 SHH p.Cys102Tyr VAR_062599
39 SHH p.Leu109Phe VAR_062600
40 SHH p.Ala110Thr VAR_062601
41 SHH p.Val124Met VAR_062602
42 SHH p.Glu136Lys VAR_062603
43 SHH p.Gly143Asp VAR_062604
44 SHH p.Arg144Pro VAR_062605
45 SHH p.Asp147Asn VAR_062606
46 SHH p.Thr150Lys VAR_062607
47 SHH p.Ser156Arg VAR_062608 rs155449437
48 SHH p.Phe170Cys VAR_062609
49 SHH p.Asp171His VAR_062610
50 SHH p.Cys183Arg VAR_062611

Expression for Holoprosencephaly 3

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Holoprosencephaly 3.

Pathways for Holoprosencephaly 3

GO Terms for Holoprosencephaly 3

Cellular components related to Holoprosencephaly 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 perikaryon GO:0043204 8.8 VIP HTR5A ADCYAP1

Biological processes related to Holoprosencephaly 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway GO:0007186 9.88 VIPR2 VIPR1 VIP NPS HTR5A ADCYAP1
2 positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:0045944 9.8 SHH RUNX2 KMT2C KMT2A EN2 ADCYAP1
3 midbrain development GO:0030901 9.55 SHH EN2
4 embryonic forelimb morphogenesis GO:0035115 9.54 SHH RUNX2
5 activation of adenylate cyclase activity GO:0007190 9.52 VIPR2 ADCYAP1
6 negative regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation GO:0048662 9.51 VIPR2 VIP
7 cAMP-mediated signaling GO:0019933 9.49 HTR5A ADCYAP1
8 positive regulation of synaptic transmission, glutamatergic GO:0051968 9.48 NPS ADCYAP1
9 positive regulation of blood vessel diameter GO:0097755 9.46 VIP ADCYAP1
10 histone H3-K4 methylation GO:0051568 9.43 KMT2C KMT2A
11 hindbrain development GO:0030902 9.37 SHH EN2
12 osteoblast development GO:0002076 9.26 SHH RUNX2
13 embryonic digestive tract morphogenesis GO:0048557 9.16 SHH HLX
14 positive regulation of cell proliferation GO:0008284 9.1 VIPR1 VIP SHH RUNX2 HLX ADCYAP1
15 negative regulation of potassium ion transport GO:0043267 8.96 VIP ADCYAP1

Molecular functions related to Holoprosencephaly 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 neuropeptide hormone activity GO:0005184 9.26 VIP ADCYAP1
2 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific) GO:0042800 9.16 KMT2C KMT2A
3 peptide hormone receptor binding GO:0051428 8.96 VIP ADCYAP1
4 vasoactive intestinal polypeptide receptor activity GO:0004999 8.62 VIPR2 VIPR1

Sources for Holoprosencephaly 3

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 TGDB
71 Tocris
72 UMLS
73 UMLS via Orphanet
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