FCHL3
MCID: HYP838
MIFTS: 54

Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 (FCHL3)

Categories: Genetic diseases, Metabolic diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

MalaCards integrated aliases for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3:

Name: Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 57
Familial Combined Hyperlipidemia 57 12 74 37 15
Combined Hyperlipidemia, Familial 57 75 13
Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined 74 44 40
Mixed Hyperlipidaemia 12 33
Hyperbetalipoproteinemia with Prebetalipoproteinemia 12
Familial Multiple Lipoprotein-Type Hyperlipidemia 12
Hyperlipidemia Familial Combined 55
Type Iib Hyperlipoproteinemia 12
Fchl3 57
Fchl 74

Characteristics:

OMIM:

57
Inheritance:
autosomal dominant (11q23-q24)


HPO:

32
hyperlipidemia, familial combined, 3:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:13809
OMIM 57 144250
KEGG 37 H00153
MeSH 44 D006950
NCIt 50 C35637
SNOMED-CT 68 48190005
ICD10 33 E78.2 E78.4
MedGen 42 C0020474
UMLS 72 C0020474

Summaries for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

OMIM : 57 Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is characterized by fluctuations in serum lipid concentrations and may present as mixed hyperlipidemia, isolated hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, or as a normal serum lipid profile in combination with abnormally elevated levels of apolipoprotein B (APOB; 107730). Patients with FCHL are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality and have a high frequency of comorbidity with other metabolic conditions such as type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, steatohepatitis, and the metabolic syndrome (summary by Bello-Chavolla et al., 2018). Goldstein et al. (1973) gave the designation 'familial combined hyperlipidemia' to the most common genetic form of hyperlipidemia identified in a study of survivors of myocardial infarction. Affected persons characteristically showed elevation of both cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. The combined disorder was shown to be distinct from familial hypercholesterolemia (143890) and from familial hypertriglyceridemia (145750) for the following reasons: (1) lipid distributions in relatives were unique; (2) unlike familial hypercholesterolemia, children of affected persons did not express hypercholesterolemia; and (3) informative matings suggested that variable expression of a single gene rather than segregation for 2 separate genes was responsible. This disorder leads to elevated levels of VLDL, LDL, or both in plasma. From time to time the pattern can change in a given person. Unlike familial hypercholesterolemia, hyperlipidemia appears in only 10 to 20% of patients in childhood, usually in the form of hypertriglyceridemia. Xanthomas are rare. Increased production of VLDL may be a common underlying metabolic characteristic in this disorder, which may be heterogeneous. The disorder may be 5 times as frequent as familial hypercholesterolemia, occurring in 1% of the U.S. population. (144250)

MalaCards based summary : Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3, also known as familial combined hyperlipidemia, is related to hyperlipoproteinemia, type v and atherosclerosis susceptibility. An important gene associated with Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 is LPL (Lipoprotein Lipase), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Metabolism and Metabolism of water-soluble vitamins and cofactors. The drugs Fenofibrate and Nicotinamide have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include heart, liver and testes, and related phenotypes are xanthelasma and myocardial infarction

KEGG : 37
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is linked and associated with the gene encoding upstream transcription factor 1 (USF1) and characterized by elevated levels of serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, or both.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 74 Hyperlipidemia, familial combined: A disorder characterized by a variable pattern of elevated levels of serum total cholesterol, triglycerides or both. It is observed in a percentage of individuals with premature coronary heart disease. FCHL inheritance is autosomal dominant.

Wikipedia : 75 Combined hyperlipidemia (or -aemia) is a commonly occurring form of hypercholesterolemia (elevated... more...

Related Diseases for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

Diseases in the Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 family:

Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 1 Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 2

Diseases related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 117)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hyperlipoproteinemia, type v 32.3 LPL APOB APOA5 APOA1
2 atherosclerosis susceptibility 31.4 LDLR CETP APOB APOA1
3 hypertriglyceridemia, familial 30.5 LPL LIPC CETP APOC3 APOB APOA5
4 arteriosclerosis 29.9 COG2 APOB APOA1
5 cerebrovascular disease 29.7 LDLR APOB APOA1
6 homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia 29.6 LIPC LDLR APOB
7 familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency 29.6 LPL LIPC APOC3 APOA5
8 heart disease 29.0 LPL LDLR APOC3 APOB APOA5 APOA1
9 lipoprotein glomerulopathy 29.0 LDLR LCAT APOB APOA2
10 hypolipoproteinemia 28.9 LPL LCAT APOB APOA2 APOA1
11 diabetes mellitus 28.7 LPL LIPC COG2 APOB APOA5 APOA1
12 vascular disease 28.7 LPL LDLR CETP APOB APOA1
13 coronary artery anomaly 28.6 LPL COG2 CETP APOB APOA5 APOA1
14 arteries, anomalies of 28.6 LDLR COG2 CETP APOB APOA1
15 abetalipoproteinemia 27.6 LPL LDLR LCAT CETP APOB APOA1
16 hyperlipoproteinemia, type iii 27.3 LPL LIPC LDLR COG2 CETP APOB
17 familial hyperlipidemia 26.6 LPL LIPC LDLR LCAT COG2 CETP
18 lipid metabolism disorder 26.3 USF1 LPL LIPC LDLR LCAT COG2
19 diabetes mellitus, noninsulin-dependent 26.3 LPL LIPE LIPC LCAT COG2 CETP
20 hyperalphalipoproteinemia 1 26.0 LPL LIPC LDLR LCAT CETP APOC3
21 body mass index quantitative trait locus 11 25.8 LPL LIPE LIPC LDLR COG2 CETP
22 coronary heart disease 1 25.7 LPL LIPC LDLR LCAT COG2 CETP
23 hyperlipidemia, familial combined, 1 11.9
24 hyperlipidemia, familial combined, 2 11.7
25 hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 10.6
26 familial hypercholesterolemia 10.5
27 rare hyperlipidemia 10.5
28 rare dyslipidemia 10.5
29 lipase deficiency, combined 10.4 LPL LIPC
30 dysbaric osteonecrosis 10.3 APOB APOA1
31 bardet-biedl syndrome 2 10.3 LPL APOC3 APOA1
32 schnyder corneal dystrophy 10.3 APOB APOA2
33 hereditary amyloidosis 10.3 APOA2 APOA1
34 hyperinsulinism 10.2
35 fatty liver disease 10.2
36 chylomicron retention disease 10.2 APOB APOA1
37 apo a-i deficiency 10.2 LCAT APOA1
38 leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 3 10.2 APOB APOA2 APOA1
39 hepatic lipase deficiency 10.2 LPL LIPC APOA1
40 xanthomatosis 10.1 LPL LDLR APOB
41 hypobetalipoproteinemia, familial, 1 10.1 COG2 APOB
42 huntington disease-like 2 10.1
43 fatty liver disease, nonalcoholic 1 10.1
44 non-alcoholic fatty liver disease 10.1
45 rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma 10.1
46 cholesterol ester storage disease 10.1 COG2 APOB
47 amyloidosis aa 10.1 LCAT APOA1
48 acute pancreatitis 10.1
49 vasculitis 10.1
50 recurrent acute pancreatitis 10.1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3:



Diseases related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

Human phenotypes related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3:

32 (show all 6)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 xanthelasma 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0001114
2 myocardial infarction 32 HP:0001658
3 increased ldl cholesterol concentration 32 HP:0003141
4 increased vldl cholesterol concentration 32 HP:0003362
5 elevated apolipoprotein b level 32 HP:0031798
6 elevated apolipoprotein a-ii level 32 HP:0031800

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

57
Cardiac:
myocardial infarction

Skin:
xanthomas are rare

Lab:
combined hyperlipidemia
elevation of vldl, of ldl, or both

Clinical features from OMIM:

144250

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Decreased free cholesterol GR00340-A-2 9.56 APOA1 APOA5 APOB APOC3 CETP LDLR
2 Increased LDL uptake GR00340-A-1 8.8 APOA1 LDLR LPL

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 9.65 APOA1 APOA2 APOA5 APOB COG2 LCAT
2 liver/biliary system MP:0005370 9.1 APOA1 APOB LCAT LDLR LIPE LPL

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

Drugs for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 49)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Fenofibrate Approved Phase 4 49562-28-9 3339
2
Nicotinamide Approved, Investigational Phase 4 98-92-0 936
3
Lovastatin Approved, Investigational Phase 4 75330-75-5 53232
4
Calcium Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 7440-70-2 271
5
Folic acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 59-30-3 6037
6
Niacin Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical Phase 4 59-67-6 938
7 Calcium, Dietary Phase 4
8 Rosuvastatin Calcium Phase 4 147098-20-2
9 Micronutrients Phase 4
10 Trace Elements Phase 4
11 Vitamins Phase 4
12 Vitamin B9 Phase 4
13 Folate Phase 4
14 Vitamin B Complex Phase 4
15 Nutrients Phase 4
16 Vitamin B3 Phase 4
17 Nicotinic Acids Phase 4
18 Vasodilator Agents Phase 4
19 Colesevelam Hydrochloride Phase 4
20 Dihydromevinolin Phase 4
21 L 647318 Phase 4
22
Pravastatin Approved Phase 3 81093-37-0 54687
23
Ursodeoxycholic acid Approved, Investigational Phase 3 128-13-2 31401
24
Bezafibrate Approved, Investigational Phase 3 41859-67-0 39042
25
Atorvastatin Approved Phase 3 134523-00-5 60823
26
Torcetrapib Investigational Phase 3 262352-17-0 159325
27 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 3
28 Cholagogues and Choleretics Phase 3
29
Clopidogrel Approved Phase 1 113665-84-2, 120202-66-6 60606
30
Aspirin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 1 50-78-2 2244
31 Analgesics Phase 1
32 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 1
33 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 1
34 Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors Phase 1
35 Fibrinolytic Agents Phase 1
36 Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists Phase 1
37 Purinergic P2 Receptor Antagonists Phase 1
38 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 1
39 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 1
40 Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors Phase 1
41 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 1
42 Antipyretics Phase 1
43 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 1
44 Fenofibric acid Approved 42017-89-0
45
Mannitol Approved, Investigational Early Phase 1 69-65-8 453 6251
46
chenodeoxycholic acid Approved Early Phase 1 474-25-9 10133
47 Cathartics Early Phase 1
48 Laxatives Early Phase 1
49 Phytosterol

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 36)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Comparison of High-Dose Rosuvastatin Versus Low Statin Dose Plus Fenofibrate Versus Low Statin Dose Plus Niacin in the Treatment of Mixed Hyperlipidemia Unknown status NCT01010516 Phase 4 High-dose rosuvastatin;Statin plus fenofibrate;Statin plus niacin ER/laropiprant
2 A Double-blind, Double Dummy, Phase IV, Randomized, Multicenter, Parallel Group, Placebo Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Rosuvastatin on Triglycerides Levels in Mexican Hypertriglyceridemic Patients Completed NCT00473655 Phase 4 rosuvastatin
3 The Effects of the Combination of Welchol and Tricor Compared to TriCor Alone in Patients With Mixed Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT00754039 Phase 4 colesevelam HCl tablets and fenofibrate tablets;fenofibrate tablets and Welchol placebo tablets;fenofibrate tablets and Welchol placebo tablets
4 Extended-Release Niacin/Lovastatin Versus Usual Care for Treatment of Dyslipidemia in a Primary Care Setting (EXTEND Study) Completed NCT00345657 Phase 4 Niacin Extended Release/Lovastatin
5 An 8-Week, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate Daily Pro-Omega LDL for Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Triglyceride Reduction in Subjects With Mixed Hyperlipoproteinemia Withdrawn NCT02069106 Phase 4
6 Efficacy of Ezetimibe/Simvastatin 10/20 mg and MK0524A (1-2 g/Day) in Patients With Mixed Hyperlipidemia and Two or More Risk Factors to Cardiovascular Disease. Withdrawn NCT00738985 Phase 4 ezetimibe/simvastatin 10/20 mg + placebo;ezetimibe/simvastatin 10/20 mg + MK0524A
7 Efficacy and Safety of Co-administration of Omacor Plus Atorvastatin Compared With Atorvastatin Monotherapy in Patients With Type Ⅱb Dyslipidemia: a Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized, Active-controlled, Parallel, Phase Ⅲ Study Unknown status NCT02035215 Phase 3 Atorvastatin 20mg;Omega-3-acids ethylesters 90 4g
8 Efficacy and Safety of Fenofibrate Added on to Atorvastatin Compared With Atorvastatin in Mixed Hypercholesterolemic Patient: Multi Center, Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel-group, Therapeutic Confirmatory Study. Unknown status NCT01956201 Phase 3 Atorvastatin 20mg;Fenofibrate 160mg
9 A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Ezetimibe/Simvastatin and Fenofibrate Coadministration in Patients With Mixed Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT00093899 Phase 3 ezetimibe (+) simvastatin
10 Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of Fenofibrate and Ezetimibe Coadministration in Patients With Mixed Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT00092573 Phase 3 MK0653, ezetimibe;Comparator: fenofibrate monotherapy
11 Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of Fenofibrate and Ezetimibe Coadministration in Patients With Mixed Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT00092560 Phase 3 MK0653, ezetimibe;Comparator: fenofibrate monotherapy
12 A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, "Factorial" Design Study to Evaluate the Lipid-Altering Efficacy and Safety of Coadministered MK0524B Tablets in Patients With Primary Hypercholesterolemia or Mixed Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT00269217 Phase 3 niacin (+) laropiprant (+) simvastatin;Comparator: niacin (+) laropiprant;Comparator: simvastatin
13 A Worldwide, Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Parallel, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Lipid-Altering Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of MK0524A in Patients With Primary Hypercholesterolemia or Mixed Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT00269204 Phase 3 niacin (+) laropiprant;ER-niacin
14 A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel Group, 12 Week Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of MK0524B Versus Atorvastatin in Patients With Mixed Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT00289900 Phase 3 MK-0524A;Atorvastatin;Simvastatin
15 Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Ezetimibe/Simvastatin and Niacin (Extended Release Tablet) Co-Administered in Patients With Type IIa or Type IIb Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT00271817 Phase 3 Comparator: ezetimibe/simvastatin + niacin (ER);Comparator: Placebo to ezetimibe/simvastatin;Comparator: niacin (ER) tablet;Comparator: ezetimibe (+) simvastatin;Comparator: Placebo to Niacin (ER);Comparator: ezetimibe/simvastatin and niacin (ER);Comparator: ezetimibe and simvastatin;Comparator: Placebo to niacin (ER)
16 A Multi-Center, Prospective, Longitudinal, Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase III Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Daily Administration of Pravastatin 40 mg or Fenofibrate 160 mg or Pravafen (the Combination of Pravastatin and Fenofibrate 40/160 mg) for 12 Weeks Followed by a 52-Week Open-Label Safety Phase of the Pravafen Alone in the Treatment of Combined Hyperlipidemia. Completed NCT00459745 Phase 3 Pravafen;Pravastatin;Fenofibrate
17 Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind Placebo Controlled Trial of Bezafibrate for the Treatment of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis in Patients With Incomplete Response to Ursodesoxycholic Acid Therapy. Completed NCT01654731 Phase 3 Bezafibrate;placebo
18 Phase 3 Multi-Center, Double-Blind, Randomized, Parallel Group, Carotid B-mode Ultrasound Evaluation of the Anti-Atherosclerotic Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Fixed Combination CP-529,414/Atorvastatin, Administered Orally, Once Daily (QD) for 24 Months, Compared With Atorvastatin Alone, in Subjects With Mixed Hyperlipidemia Terminated NCT00134238 Phase 3 torcetrapib/atorvastatin;atorvastatin
19 A Phase 2 Randomized, Double-Blind, Dose-Response Efficacy and Safety Study of SCH 900271 Compared to Placebo in Subjects With Primary Hypercholesterolemia (Familial and Nonfamilial) or Mixed Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT00941603 Phase 2 SCH 900271 15mg;SCH 900271;SCH 900271;SCH 900271;SCH 900271;Placebo
20 A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Forced Dose-escalation, Multi-center Pilot Study to Evaluate the Lipid Regulating Effects of TRIA-662 (1-methylnicotinamide Chloride) Completed NCT02008084 Phase 2 TRIA-662;Placebo
21 A Study to Evaluate the Effects of Laropiprant on the Antiplatelet Effects of Clopidogrel and Aspirin in Combination and to Evaluate Single Dose Pharmacokinetics of MK0524A in Subjects With Primary Hypercholesterolemia or Mixed Dyslipidemia Completed NCT01012219 Phase 1 niacin (+) laropiprant;Comparator: aspirin;Comparator: clopidogrel;Comparator: laropiprant;Comparator: placebo
22 Endothelial Assessment of Risk From Lipids in Youth: Mediterranean Diet Completed NCT01308710 Phase 1
23 Comparison of the Efficacy and AtorVastatin 20mg mOnotherapy Versus Combination Atorvastatin/Fenofibric Acid 10/135mg in the Mixed hyperlipiDemia Who Were Not at Lipid gOals With Atorvastatin 10mg Monotherapy. Unknown status NCT01974297 Atorvastatin 10mg, fenofibric acid 135mg;atorvastatin 20mg
24 Human Lipoprotein Pathophysiology - Subproject: Genetics of Familial Combined Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT00005313
25 Inflammatory Aspects of Glucose in Hyperlipidemia and Diabetes Completed NCT02130505
26 Genetic Susceptibility to Common Lipid Disorders in Mexico Completed NCT00365235
27 Effects of Activation of the Farnesoid X Receptor (FXR) on Hepatic Lipid and Glucose Metabolism in Patients With the Metabolic Syndrome and Familial Forms of Hypertriglyceridemia Completed NCT00465751 Early Phase 1 chenodeoxycholic acid;placebo capsules
28 Low Carbohydrate Diet - Effect on Plasma Lipids and Metabolic Markers Completed NCT01476436
29 Genetic Epidemiology of Hypertriglyceridemia Completed NCT00005368
30 Evaluation of Non-invasive Measurements of Atherosclerosis in Cardiovascular Risk Stratification: a Study in a Population-based Cohort and Familial Combined Hyperlipidemia Completed NCT01555294
31 Quantitative Genetic Analysis of Lipid Research Clinic Family Data Completed NCT00005188
32 Effect of Weight Loss on Lipids Concentration and Cholesterol Metabolism in Overweight and Obese Subjects With Primary Hypercholesterolemia. Completed NCT01995149
33 Identification of Genes Predisposing to Atherosclerosis Completed NCT00059098
34 A Multicenter, Open-label, 30-week Observational Clinical Study to Examine the Progress of Patients After Leaving the Cardiology Clinic or Unit Due to Acute Cardiovascular Event. Completed NCT01770210 Patients on atorvastatin treatment
35 Effect of Low-Fat Compared to Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Fasting Lipids and Metabolic Profile in Subjects With Multifactorial Chylomicronemia: A Randomized Crossover Study Recruiting NCT03898609
36 Genomic Dissection of a QTL Affecting the Lipid Profile Withdrawn NCT00064688

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 72 / NDF-RT 51 :


Bezafibrate

Cochrane evidence based reviews: hyperlipidemia, familial combined

Genetic Tests for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

Anatomical Context for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3:

41
Heart, Liver, Testes, Endothelial, Lung, Monocytes, Adipocyte

Publications for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

Articles related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3:

(show top 50) (show all 570)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Thioredoxin interacting protein in Dutch families with familial combined hyperlipidemia. 9 38 8
15368498 2004
2
A mutation in the promoter of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene in a patient with familial combined hyperlipidemia and low LPL activity. 9 38 8
7753827 1995
3
FAMILIAL COMBINED HYPERLIPIDEMIA: CURRENT KNOWLEDGE, PERSPECTIVES, AND CONTROVERSIES. 38 8
30307446 2018
4
APOE p.Leu167del-Related Lipid Disorders 38 71
24921113 2014
5
Biochemical and genetic association of plasma apolipoprotein A-II levels with familial combined hyperlipidemia. 38 8
12738753 2003
6
Combined analysis of genome scans of dutch and finnish families reveals a susceptibility locus for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol on chromosome 16q. 38 8
12638083 2003
7
Positional cloning of the combined hyperlipidemia gene Hyplip1. 38 8
11753387 2002
8
Identification of TNFRSF1B as a novel modifier gene in familial combined hyperlipidemia. 38 8
10958645 2000
9
A genome scan for familial combined hyperlipidemia reveals evidence of linkage with a locus on chromosome 11. 38 8
10417282 1999
10
A common genetic mechanism determines plasma apolipoprotein B levels and dense LDL subfraction distribution in familial combined hyperlipidemia. 38 8
9683593 1998
11
Families with familial combined hyperlipidemia and families enriched for coronary artery disease share genetic determinants for the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype. 38 8
9683614 1998
12
Evidence against linkage of familial combined hyperlipidemia to the apolipoprotein AI-CIII-AIV gene complex. 38 8
9484986 1998
13
A mouse model with features of familial combined hyperlipidemia. 38 8
8994037 1997
14
Inherited susceptibility determines the distribution of dense low-density lipoprotein subfraction profiles in familial combined hyperlipidemia. 38 8
8644746 1996
15
Genetic evidence from 7 families that the apolipoprotein B gene is not involved in familial combined hyperlipidemia. 38 8
1975179 1990
16
Detection and characterization of the heterozygote state for lipoprotein lipase deficiency. 38 8
2719595 1989
17
DNA polymorphisms in and around the Apo-A1-CIII genes and genetic hyperlipidemias. 38 8
2883893 1987
18
Low density lipoprotein metabolism in familial combined hyperlipidemia. Mechanism of the multiple lipoprotein phenotypic expression. 38 8
6508636 1984
19
Plasma lipoproteins in familial combined hyperlipidemia and monogenic familial hypertriglyceridemia. 38 8
6403642 1983
20
Myocardial infarction in the familial forms of hypertriglyceridemia. 38 8
1250165 1976
21
Hyperlipidemia in coronary heart disease. II. Genetic analysis of lipid levels in 176 families and delineation of a new inherited disorder, combined hyperlipidemia. 38 8
4718953 1973
22
Combined hyperlipidemia: familial but not (usually) monogenic. 8
26709473 2016
23
Evaluation and treatment of hypertriglyceridemia: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. 71
22962670 2012
24
Metabolic and genetic aspects of familial combined hyperlipidaemia with emphasis on low-density lipoprotein heterogeneity. 8
9373757 1997
25
Multilocus genetic determinants of LDL particle size in coronary artery disease families. 8
8644718 1996
26
Association between genetic variation at the APO AI-CIII-AIV gene cluster and familial combined hyperlipidaemia. 8
7889654 1994
27
Linkage of atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype to the low density lipoprotein receptor locus on the short arm of chromosome 19. 8
1731344 1992
28
Familial combined hyperlipidaemia linked to the apolipoprotein AI-CII-AIV gene cluster on chromosome 11q23-q24. 8
1670899 1991
29
Hypertriglyceridemia as a result of human apo CIII gene expression in transgenic mice. 8
2167514 1990
30
Strong association of a single nucleotide substitution in the 3'-untranslated region of the apolipoprotein-CIII gene with common hypertriglyceridemia in Arabs. 8
2914370 1989
31
Severe hypertriglyceridemia: role of familial and acquired disorders. 8
6827992 1983
32
Familial combined hyperlipoproteinemia: studies in 91 adults and 95 children from 33 kindreds. 8
4356145 1973
33
Inheritance of combined hyperlipoproteinemia: evidence for a new lipoprotein phenotype. 8
4346680 1973
34
Identification of two common variants contributing to serum apolipoprotein B levels in Mexicans. 9 38
19965785 2010
35
Upstream transcription factor 1 influences plasma lipid and metabolic traits in mice. 9 38
19995791 2010
36
Serum adiponectin is decreased in patients with familial combined hyperlipidemia and normolipaemic relatives and is influenced by lipid-lowering treatment. 9 38
19632099 2009
37
Functional variant disrupts insulin induction of USF1: mechanism for USF1-associated dyslipidemias. 9 38
20031629 2009
38
A systems genetics approach implicates USF1, FADS3, and other causal candidate genes for familial combined hyperlipidemia. 9 38
19750004 2009
39
Retinoid X receptor heterodimer variants and cardiovascular risk factors. 9 38
19672026 2009
40
Frequency of low-density lipoprotein receptor gene mutations in patients with a clinical diagnosis of familial combined hyperlipidemia in a clinical setting. 9 38
19007590 2008
41
Relationship between familial combined hyperlipidemia and insulin resistance. 9 38
19069677 2008
42
Adiponectin multimer distribution in patients with familial combined hyperlipidemia. 9 38
18762168 2008
43
Genetic variants in the USF1 gene are associated with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus in women: results from the MONICA/KORA Augsburg case-cohort study, 1984-2002. 9 38
18593823 2008
44
Insulin resistance and oxidative stress in familial combined hyperlipidemia. 9 38
18164710 2008
45
Paraoxonase (PON1) is associated with familial combined hyperlipidemia. 9 38
18096166 2008
46
Allelic variants of upstream transcription factor 1 associate with carotid artery intima-media thickness: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study. 9 38
18577828 2008
47
Upstream transcription factor 1 (USF1) in risk of type 2 diabetes: association study in 2000 Dutch Caucasians. 9 38
18445538 2008
48
Association analysis of allelic variants of USF1 in coronary atherosclerosis. 9 38
18276913 2008
49
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha is a marker of familial combined hyperlipidemia, independently of metabolic syndrome. 9 38
18328361 2008
50
Whole-genome maps of USF1 and USF2 binding and histone H3 acetylation reveal new aspects of promoter structure and candidate genes for common human disorders. 9 38
18230803 2008

Variations for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 LPL NM_000237.3(LPL): c.644G> A (p.Gly215Glu) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs118204057 8:19811733-19811733 8:19954222-19954222
2 LPL NM_000237.3(LPL): c.953A> G (p.Asn318Ser) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs268 8:19813529-19813529 8:19956018-19956018
3 LPL NM_000237.3(LPL): c.904T> C (p.Cys302Arg) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs1064797075 8:19813480-19813480 8:19955969-19955969

Expression for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3.

Pathways for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

Pathways related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 13)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.79 LPL LIPE LIPC LDLR LCAT CETP
2
Show member pathways
12.45 LPL LDLR APOC3 APOB APOA2 APOA1
3
Show member pathways
12.13 LPL LDLR APOC3 APOB APOA2 APOA1
4
Show member pathways
11.9 LPL LIPE LIPC LDLR LCAT CETP
5 11.81 RXRG LPL LIPE
6
Show member pathways
11.73 LPL LIPC LDLR LCAT CETP APOC3
7 11.51 RXRG LPL APOC3 APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
8
Show member pathways
11.48 LPL LIPE LIPC
9
Show member pathways
11.33 LPL LIPE LIPC
10 10.97 APOC3 APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
11 10.9 APOB APOA1
12 10.77 APOA2 APOA1
13 10.52 LIPE LIPC

GO Terms for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

Cellular components related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 12)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 endoplasmic reticulum lumen GO:0005788 9.85 LIPC APOB APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
2 early endosome GO:0005769 9.83 LDLR APOC3 APOB APOA2 APOA1
3 high-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034364 9.63 LIPC LCAT CETP APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
4 low-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034362 9.56 LDLR APOB APOA5 APOA1
5 spherical high-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034366 9.54 APOC3 APOA2 APOA1
6 clathrin-coated endocytic vesicle membrane GO:0030669 9.51 LDLR APOB
7 intermediate-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034363 9.5 APOC3 APOB APOA1
8 endocytic vesicle lumen GO:0071682 9.49 APOB APOA1
9 very-low-density lipoprotein particle GO:0034361 9.43 LPL APOC3 APOB APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
10 chylomicron GO:0042627 9.1 LPL APOC3 APOB APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
11 extracellular region GO:0005576 10.13 LPL LIPC LCAT CETP APOC3 APOB
12 extracellular space GO:0005615 10.06 LPL LIPC LCAT CETP APOC3 APOB

Biological processes related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 54)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cellular protein metabolic process GO:0044267 9.98 APOB APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
2 cholesterol metabolic process GO:0008203 9.97 LIPE LIPC LDLR LCAT CETP APOB
3 triglyceride metabolic process GO:0006641 9.95 LPL CETP APOC3 APOA5 APOA2
4 triglyceride homeostasis GO:0070328 9.95 LPL LIPC CETP APOC3 APOA5 APOA1
5 retinoid metabolic process GO:0001523 9.93 APOC3 APOB APOA2 APOA1
6 cholesterol efflux GO:0033344 9.91 APOC3 APOB APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
7 lipoprotein metabolic process GO:0042157 9.91 LDLR APOC3 APOB APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
8 regulation of lipid metabolic process GO:0019216 9.88 APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
9 low-density lipoprotein particle remodeling GO:0034374 9.88 LIPC CETP APOB APOA2
10 phospholipid efflux GO:0033700 9.88 APOC3 APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
11 high-density lipoprotein particle remodeling GO:0034375 9.88 LIPC LCAT CETP APOC3 APOA2 APOA1
12 phospholipid metabolic process GO:0006644 9.87 LPL LCAT APOA1
13 chylomicron assembly GO:0034378 9.86 APOC3 APOB APOA2 APOA1
14 chylomicron remodeling GO:0034371 9.85 LPL APOC3 APOB APOA2 APOA1
15 chylomicron remnant clearance GO:0034382 9.84 LIPC LDLR APOC3 APOB
16 phospholipid transport GO:0015914 9.83 LDLR CETP APOA1
17 phosphatidylcholine biosynthetic process GO:0006656 9.82 LCAT APOA2 APOA1
18 phosphatidylcholine metabolic process GO:0046470 9.81 LCAT CETP APOA5
19 high-density lipoprotein particle assembly GO:0034380 9.81 APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
20 high-density lipoprotein particle clearance GO:0034384 9.8 LDLR APOA2 APOA1
21 very-low-density lipoprotein particle remodeling GO:0034372 9.8 LPL LIPC LCAT CETP APOA5 APOA1
22 triglyceride catabolic process GO:0019433 9.8 LPL LIPE LIPC APOC3 APOB APOA5
23 positive regulation of cholesterol esterification GO:0010873 9.79 APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
24 lipoprotein biosynthetic process GO:0042158 9.78 LCAT APOB APOA1
25 regulation of intestinal cholesterol absorption GO:0030300 9.77 APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
26 negative regulation of very-low-density lipoprotein particle remodeling GO:0010903 9.77 APOC3 APOA2 APOA1
27 low-density lipoprotein particle clearance GO:0034383 9.72 LDLR APOB
28 positive regulation of macrophage derived foam cell differentiation GO:0010744 9.71 LPL APOB
29 positive regulation of lipid biosynthetic process GO:0046889 9.71 APOA5 APOA1
30 negative regulation of lipid catabolic process GO:0050995 9.71 APOC3 APOA2
31 very-low-density lipoprotein particle assembly GO:0034379 9.7 APOC3 APOB
32 phospholipid homeostasis GO:0055091 9.7 CETP APOA1
33 regulation of lipoprotein lipase activity GO:0051004 9.7 LPL LIPC
34 reverse cholesterol transport GO:0043691 9.7 LIPC LCAT CETP APOC3 APOA5 APOA2
35 regulation of cholesterol transport GO:0032374 9.69 APOA5 APOA1
36 regulation of Cdc42 protein signal transduction GO:0032489 9.69 APOC3 APOA1
37 positive regulation of lipid catabolic process GO:0050996 9.69 APOA5 APOA2
38 positive regulation of cholesterol storage GO:0010886 9.68 LPL APOB
39 peptidyl-methionine modification GO:0018206 9.68 APOA2 APOA1
40 negative regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response GO:0002740 9.68 APOA2 APOA1
41 cholesterol import GO:0070508 9.67 LDLR APOA1
42 protein oxidation GO:0018158 9.67 APOA2 APOA1
43 negative regulation of lipase activity GO:0060192 9.67 APOA2 APOA1
44 diacylglycerol catabolic process GO:0046340 9.66 LIPE APOA2
45 triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle remodeling GO:0034370 9.65 APOA5 APOA2
46 lipoprotein catabolic process GO:0042159 9.65 LDLR APOB
47 negative regulation of cholesterol import GO:0060621 9.64 APOC3 APOA2
48 cholesterol transport GO:0030301 9.5 LIPC LDLR LCAT CETP APOB APOA2
49 cholesterol homeostasis GO:0042632 9.32 LPL LIPC LDLR LCAT CETP APOC3
50 lipid metabolic process GO:0006629 10.18 LPL LIPE LIPC LDLR LCAT CETP

Molecular functions related to Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 21)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 heparin binding GO:0008201 9.83 LPL LIPC APOB APOA5
2 lipid binding GO:0008289 9.83 CETP APOC3 APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
3 phospholipid binding GO:0005543 9.72 APOC3 APOB APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
4 phosphatidylcholine binding GO:0031210 9.65 CETP APOA5 APOA2
5 triglyceride lipase activity GO:0004806 9.63 LPL LIPE LIPC
6 phospholipid transporter activity GO:0005548 9.6 CETP APOA1
7 low-density lipoprotein particle receptor binding GO:0050750 9.59 APOB APOA5
8 lipase activity GO:0016298 9.58 LIPE LIPC
9 apolipoprotein binding GO:0034185 9.58 LPL LIPC
10 phosphatidylcholine-sterol O-acyltransferase activator activity GO:0060228 9.58 APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
11 phospholipase activity GO:0004620 9.57 LPL LIPC
12 low-density lipoprotein particle binding GO:0030169 9.56 LIPC LDLR
13 lipid transporter activity GO:0005319 9.56 CETP APOB APOA2 APOA1
14 high-density lipoprotein particle binding GO:0008035 9.55 APOA2 APOA1
15 lipase binding GO:0035473 9.54 APOB APOA5
16 lipase inhibitor activity GO:0055102 9.54 APOC3 APOA2 APOA1
17 apolipoprotein receptor binding GO:0034190 9.51 APOA2 APOA1
18 triglyceride binding GO:0017129 9.49 LPL CETP
19 cholesterol binding GO:0015485 9.35 CETP APOC3 APOA5 APOA2 APOA1
20 high-density lipoprotein particle receptor binding GO:0070653 9.33 APOC3 APOA2 APOA1
21 cholesterol transporter activity GO:0017127 9.02 CETP APOB APOA5 APOA2 APOA1

Sources for Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined, 3

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 TGDB
71 Tocris
72 UMLS
73 UMLS via Orphanet
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