MCID: HYP034
MIFTS: 36

Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Categories: Cardiovascular diseases, Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

MalaCards integrated aliases for Hypertensive Encephalopathy:

Name: Hypertensive Encephalopathy 12 56 45 15 17 74

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:9427
ICD9CM 36 437.2
MeSH 45 D020343
NCIt 51 C3503
SNOMED-CT 69 50490005
ICD10 34 I67.4
UMLS 74 C0151620

Summaries for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

MalaCards based summary : Hypertensive Encephalopathy is related to malignant hypertension and stroke, ischemic. An important gene associated with Hypertensive Encephalopathy is EPO (Erythropoietin), and among its related pathways/superpathways is Renin secretion. The drugs Antihypertensive Agents and Hormones have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, eye and kidney.

Wikipedia : 77 Hypertensive encephalopathy (HE) is general brain dysfunction due to significantly high blood pressure.... more...

Related Diseases for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Diseases related to Hypertensive Encephalopathy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 105)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 malignant hypertension 30.3 ACE REN
2 stroke, ischemic 29.4 ACE DCX REN
3 renal hypertension 29.3 ACE EPO REN
4 lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia 29.2 CYP19A1 REN
5 encephalopathy 10.9
6 hypersensitivity vasculitis 10.1 ACE SLC26A5
7 headache 10.1
8 diabetic neuropathy 10.1 ACE EPO
9 end stage renal failure 10.1 ACE EPO
10 eclampsia 10.1
11 hypoaldosteronism 10.0 ACE REN
12 renal artery obstruction 10.0 ACE REN
13 hypertension, diastolic 10.0 ACE REN
14 hypertensive retinopathy 10.0 ACE REN
15 orthostatic proteinuria 10.0 ACE REN
16 malignant essential hypertension 10.0 ACE REN
17 anuria 10.0 ACE REN
18 fibromuscular dysplasia 10.0 ACE REN
19 hepatorenal syndrome 10.0 ACE REN
20 renal tubular dysgenesis 10.0 ACE REN
21 renovascular hypertension 10.0 ACE REN
22 pseudohyperkalemia, familial, 2, due to red cell leak 10.0 ACE REN
23 interstitial nephritis 10.0 ACE REN
24 heart valve disease 10.0 ACE REN
25 glomerulonephritis 10.0
26 guillain-barre syndrome 10.0
27 obstructive nephropathy 10.0 ACE REN
28 oligohydramnios 10.0 ACE REN
29 carotid artery disease 10.0 ACE REN
30 hypokalemia 10.0 ACE REN
31 pulmonary edema 10.0 ACE REN
32 renal dysplasia 10.0 ACE REN
33 iga glomerulonephritis 10.0 ACE REN
34 aortic valve disease 2 10.0 ACE REN
35 hydrocephalus 9.9
36 acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis 9.9
37 sleep apnea 9.9 ACE REN
38 myoma 9.9 CYP19A1 EPO
39 arteries, anomalies of 9.9 ACE REN
40 glucose metabolism disease 9.9 ACE REN
41 acquired metabolic disease 9.9 ACE REN
42 aortic valve disease 1 9.9 ACE REN
43 pheochromocytoma 9.9
44 arteriovenous fistula 9.9
45 nephrotic syndrome 9.9
46 dementia 9.9
47 severe pre-eclampsia 9.9
48 status epilepticus 9.9
49 epilepsy 9.9
50 arteriosclerosis 9.9

Comorbidity relations with Hypertensive Encephalopathy via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show all 23)


Acute Cystitis Acute Kidney Failure
Anxiety Benign Essential Hypertension
Cerebral Atherosclerosis Cerebrovascular Disease
Chronic Kidney Failure Chronic Myocardial Ischemia
Deficiency Anemia Epilepsy, Focal, with Speech Disorder and with or Without Mental Retardation
Familial Atrial Fibrillation Generalized Atherosclerosis
Heart Disease Hypertension, Essential
Intermediate Coronary Syndrome Ischemic Heart Disease
Malignant Essential Hypertension Malignant Renovascular Hypertension
Peripheral Vascular Disease Renal Artery Atheroma
Respiratory Failure Schizophreniform Disorder
Transient Cerebral Ischemia

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hypertensive Encephalopathy:



Diseases related to Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Drugs for Hypertensive Encephalopathy (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 30)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Antihypertensive Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
2 Hormones Phase 2, Phase 3,Not Applicable
3 Autonomic Agents Phase 2, Phase 3,Not Applicable
4 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 2, Phase 3,Not Applicable
5
Bevacizumab Approved, Investigational Phase 2 216974-75-3
6
Carboplatin Approved Phase 2 41575-94-4 10339178 38904 498142
7
Paclitaxel Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 33069-62-4 36314
8 Endothelial Growth Factors Phase 2
9 Antimitotic Agents Phase 2
10 Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological Phase 2
11 Immunoglobulins Phase 2
12 Angiogenesis Modulating Agents Phase 2
13 Antibodies Phase 2
14 Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic Phase 2
15 Antibodies, Monoclonal Phase 2
16 Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel Phase 2
17 Angiogenesis Inhibitors Phase 2
18 Mitogens Phase 2
19
Dexamethasone acetate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Not Applicable 1177-87-3
20
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Not Applicable 50-02-2 5743
21 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Not Applicable
22 Antiemetics Not Applicable
23 Gastrointestinal Agents Not Applicable
24 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Not Applicable
25 glucocorticoids Not Applicable
26 HIV Protease Inhibitors Not Applicable
27
protease inhibitors Not Applicable
28 BB 1101 Not Applicable
29 Hormone Antagonists Not Applicable
30 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:


# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Labetalol Versus Magnesium Sulfate (MgSO4) for the Prevention of Eclampsia Trial Withdrawn NCT00293735 Phase 2, Phase 3 labetalol (seizure prevention);MgSO4 (seizure prevention)
2 Effects of Saline on Circulation in Children Completed NCT01668277 Phase 2 7.2% NaCl;0.9% NaCl
3 Trial of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), Bevacizumab, in Combination With Cytotoxic Chemotherapy for Endometrial Cancer Completed NCT00879359 Phase 2 carboplatin, paclitaxel, and bevacizumab
4 Prognostic Observation of Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome Unknown status NCT02665598
5 The Effect of Pre-discharge Blood Pressure of Patients With Asymptomatic Severe Hypertension in Emergency Department Completed NCT02534324 Antihypertensive meds
6 Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in the Critically Ill Patients Recruiting NCT03470467
7 Eclampsia and Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES): Terminated NCT02027272 Not Applicable Dexamethasone

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Cochrane evidence based reviews: hypertensive encephalopathy

Genetic Tests for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Anatomical Context for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hypertensive Encephalopathy:

42
Brain, Eye, Kidney, Endothelial, Spinal Cord, Temporal Lobe, Heart

Publications for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Articles related to Hypertensive Encephalopathy:

(show top 50) (show all 272)
# Title Authors Year
1
Mineralocorticoid Receptors, Neuroinflammation and Hypertensive Encephalopathy. ( 30117098 )
2019
2
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17-alpha hydroxylase deficiency with hypertensive encephalopathy, hypoglycemic seizures and adrenal insufficiency. ( 30104848 )
2018
3
New Developments in Hypertensive Encephalopathy. ( 29480370 )
2018
4
In Response to: De Bernardo, M and Rosa, N. "Transorbital Sonography to Evaluate Optic Nerve in Hypertensive Encephalopathy". ( 29395651 )
2018
5
Transorbital Sonography to Evaluate Optic Nerve in Hypertensive Encephalopathy. ( 29284571 )
2018
6
Venous hypertensive encephalopathy secondary to venous sinus thrombosis and dural arteriovenous fistula. ( 28512209 )
2017
7
'Khatatonia' - cathinone-induced hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 29256414 )
2017
8
Clinical characteristics of hypertensive encephalopathy in pediatric patients. ( 29042869 )
2017
9
Hypertensive Encephalopathy: A Case of a Male Who Bit Off His Fingers. ( 28979829 )
2017
10
Hypertensive encephalopathy mimicking cerebral vasculitis with pontine oedema, cerebellar white matter lesions and multiple cerebral infarctions. ( 28724595 )
2017
11
A Case of Hypertensive Encephalopathy with Enlarged Optic Nerve Sheath Measured by Transorbital Sonography. ( 27838176 )
2017
12
Acute hypertensive encephalopathy presenting with a partial third nerve palsy: image findings. ( 27932433 )
2016
13
Allgrove Syndrome: Adrenal Insufficiency with Hypertensive Encephalopathy. ( 27671188 )
2016
14
Hypertensive encephalopathy: what's in a name? ( 27067368 )
2016
15
Does this patient have hypertensive encephalopathy? ( 26896240 )
2016
16
Risk of Stroke After the International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision Discharge Code Diagnosis of Hypertensive Encephalopathy. ( 26742804 )
2016
17
Hypertensive Encephalopathy and Renal Failure in a Young Man. ( 26597825 )
2016
18
Estrogens are neuroprotective factors for hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 24736028 )
2015
19
Hypertensive encephalopathy associated with anabolic-androgenic steroids used for bodybuilding. ( 25319132 )
2015
20
Hypertensive encephalopathy associated with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. ( 25638253 )
2015
21
Venlafaxine as single therapy associated with hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 25763307 )
2015
22
Increasing trend in admissions for malignant hypertension and hypertensive encephalopathy in the United States. ( 25801877 )
2015
23
Asymmetric posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome due to hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 25876591 )
2015
24
Magnetic resonance imaging appearance of hypertensive encephalopathy in a dog. ( 25949801 )
2015
25
Renal artery stenosis: An unusual etiology of hypertensive encephalopathy in a child with fanconi anemia. ( 26178556 )
2015
26
Hypertension and hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 24365295 )
2014
27
Severe hypertensive encephalopathy following percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty for aortic stenosis. ( 24377710 )
2014
28
Risk of subsequent dementia in patients with hypertensive encephalopathy: a nationwide population-based study in Taiwan. ( 24513673 )
2014
29
Hypertensive encephalopathy as a late complication of autonomic dysreflexia in a 12-year-old boy with a previous spinal cord injury. ( 24535713 )
2014
30
A case of Liddle's syndrome; unusual presentation with hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 24969204 )
2014
31
Serial MR spectroscopy in hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 25394908 )
2014
32
Hypertensive encephalopathy and cerebral infarction. ( 25932363 )
2014
33
Hypertensive encephalopathy as the initial manifestation of Guillain-Barré syndrome in a 7-year-old girl. ( 23545616 )
2013
34
Hypertensive encephalopathy as the initial manifestation of Guillain-Barre syndrome in a 7-year-old girl. ( 23887224 )
2013
35
Isolated brainstem involvement in a patient with hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 23533856 )
2013
36
Concealed primary aortic sarcoma induced hypertensive encephalopathy resulting from a thoracic aortic occlusion: a case report. ( 23597173 )
2013
37
Characteristic electrocardiographic repolarisation changes in a 9 year-old boy with hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 23788105 )
2013
38
Hypertensive encephalopathy following snake bite in a child: A diagnostic dilemma. ( 23983418 )
2013
39
Clinicopathologic and MRI characteristics of presumptive hypertensive encephalopathy in two cats and two dogs. ( 24051253 )
2013
40
Risks of subsequent epilepsy among patients with hypertensive encephalopathy: a nationwide population-based study. ( 24090775 )
2013
41
Hypertensive encephalopathy with reversible brainstem edema. ( 24175031 )
2013
42
Reversible obstructive hydrocephalus from hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 22234407 )
2012
43
Hypertensive encephalopathy presenting as status epilepticus in a three year old. ( 21903352 )
2012
44
Malignant hypertension with reversible brainstem hypertensive encephalopathy and thrombotic microangiopathy. ( 22418002 )
2012
45
Cyclophosphamide-induced hypertensive encephalopathy in a young girl with lupus. ( 22458753 )
2012
46
Neuroprotection and sex steroid hormones: evidence of estradiol-mediated protection in hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 22827218 )
2012
47
Pheochromocytoma: a rare cause of childhood hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 22868025 )
2012
48
Hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 24665265 )
2012
49
Prolonged enhancement of the subarachnoid space on FLAIR imaging in hypertensive encephalopathy. ( 21510244 )
2011
50
Reversible brainstem edema due to hypertensive encephalopathy in an 8-year-old girl. ( 21527395 )
2011

Variations for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Expression for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hypertensive Encephalopathy.

Pathways for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Pathways related to Hypertensive Encephalopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 10.46 ACE REN

GO Terms for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

Biological processes related to Hypertensive Encephalopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 kidney development GO:0001822 9.26 ACE REN
2 regulation of blood pressure GO:0008217 9.16 ACE REN
3 amyloid-beta metabolic process GO:0050435 8.96 ACE REN
4 angiotensin maturation GO:0002003 8.62 ACE REN

Molecular functions related to Hypertensive Encephalopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 endopeptidase activity GO:0004175 8.62 ACE REN

Sources for Hypertensive Encephalopathy

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
Content
Loading form....