MCID: HYP083
MIFTS: 52

Hypopituitarism

Categories: Cardiovascular diseases, Endocrine diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Hypopituitarism

MalaCards integrated aliases for Hypopituitarism:

Name: Hypopituitarism 12 73 20 36 54 44 15 17 70 32
Pituitary Insufficiency 12 20
Pituitary Hormone Deficiency 12
Pituitary Hypofunction 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:9406
KEGG 36 H01700
MeSH 44 D007018
NCIt 50 C62591
SNOMED-CT 67 74728003
ICD10 32 E23 E23.0
UMLS 70 C0020635

Summaries for Hypopituitarism

KEGG : 36 Hypopituitarism is a chronic endocrine illness, and is the partial or complete insufficiency of anterior pituitary hormone secretion. Anterior pituitary is composed of five cell types that secrete growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and corticotropin hormone (ACTH). Clinical manifestations of hypopituitarism are variable, often insidious in onset and dependent on the degree and severity of hormone deficiency. However, it is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. A variety of diseases may cause hypopituitarism and, accordingly, this disorder can be divided into two types depending on its cause. Primary hypopituitarism is caused by disorders of the pituitary gland itself and may be due to the loss, damage, or dysfunction of pituitary hormone-secreting cells. On the other hand, secondary hypopituitarism is the result of diseases of the hypothalamus or pituitary stalk interrupting the nerve or vascular connections to the pituitary gland, thereby reducing the secretion of the pituitary hormones. Hypopituitarism can be easily diagnosed by measuring basal pituitary and target hormone levels. MR imaging of the hypothalamo-pituitary region may provide essential information. The most common causes of primary hypopituitarism are pituitary adenoma and complications from surgery or radiation therapy for the treatment of pituitary adenoma. In rare cases, hypopituitarism has been observed when the infection occurs. Sheehan's syndrome is hypopituitarism caused by the postpartum hemorrhage of the pituitary gland. In still rarer cases, solitary or complicated pituitary hormone deficiency syndromes may occur due to genetic causes and typically affect children. The treatment of hypopituitarism typically involves a replacement of the deficient hormone but care must be taken because several studies have reported an increased incidence of cardiovascular disorders and number of deaths among these patients.

MalaCards based summary : Hypopituitarism, also known as pituitary insufficiency, is related to congenital hypopituitarism and lymphocytic hypophysitis. An important gene associated with Hypopituitarism is PROP1 (PROP Paired-Like Homeobox 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. The drugs Testosterone and Epinephrine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include pituitary, thyroid and hypothalamus, and related phenotypes are Decreased viability and Decreased viability

Disease Ontology : 12 A pituitary gland disease characterized by the decreased secretion of one or more of the eight hormones normally produced by the pituitary gland.

GARD : 20 Hypopituitarism occurs when the body has low levels of certain hormones made by the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland normally makes several hormones (including growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, prolactin, follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone, vasopressin, and oxytocin). These hormones are important for directing body growth and development, and for regulating blood pressure and metabolism. Symptoms of this condition vary and depend on which hormones are affected. Treatment depends on the cause of this condition; once the cause is corrected, medication (hormone replacement therapy) must be taken to provide the body with the normal amount of hormones.

Wikipedia : 73 Hypopituitarism is the decreased (hypo) secretion of one or more of the eight hormones normally produced... more...

Related Diseases for Hypopituitarism

Diseases in the Hypopituitarism family:

Congenital Hypopituitarism

Diseases related to Hypopituitarism via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 859)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 congenital hypopituitarism 32.8 PROP1 LHX4 HESX1 GLI2 GHRH
2 lymphocytic hypophysitis 32.2 POMC GH1
3 combined pituitary hormone deficiencies, genetic forms 32.2 PROP1 POU1F1 LHX4 HESX1 GLI2
4 sheehan syndrome 31.7 TRH PROP1 PRL POMC LHX4 INS
5 growth hormone deficiency 31.7 SOX3 HESX1 GHRH GH1
6 hypothalamic disease 31.5 TRH PRL POMC INS GNRH1 GHRH
7 diabetes insipidus 31.4 PRL POMC INS GH1 CRH
8 pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 2 31.3 TRH SOX3 PROP1 PRL POU1F1 POMC
9 isolated growth hormone deficiency 31.3 SOX3 PROP1 POU1F1 POMC LHX4 LHX3
10 pituitary tumors 31.1 PROP1 PRL POMC IGF1 GH1
11 septooptic dysplasia 31.1 TRH SOX3 PROP1 PRL POU1F1 POMC
12 hypoglycemia 31.1 PRL POMC INS IGFBP3 IGF1 GH1
13 secondary adrenal insufficiency 31.0 INS IGFBP3 IGF1
14 hypogonadism 31.0 SHBG PROP1 PRL LEP INS IGF1
15 penis agenesis 30.9 IGFBP3 GNRH1
16 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 30.8 SHBG PRL LEP INS GNRH1
17 hypothyroidism, congenital, nongoitrous, 4 30.8 PROP1 PRL POU1F1 POMC GH1
18 pituitary hypoplasia 30.7 SOX3 PRL POU1F1 LHX4 LHX3 HESX1
19 pituitary apoplexy 30.7 PRL POMC INS IGF1 GNRH1 GH1
20 galactorrhea 30.6 PRL IGF1
21 isolated growth hormone deficiency, type ii 30.6 PROP1 POU1F1 IGF1 HESX1 GHRH GH1
22 gigantism 30.6 PRL GHRH GH1
23 hypoparathyroidism 30.5 SOX3 INS IGF1
24 adenoma 30.5 TRH PRL POU1F1 POMC IGF1 GHRH
25 holoprosencephaly 30.5 SOX3 PROP1 POU1F1 LHX4 LHX3 HESX1
26 gonadal dysgenesis 30.5 SOX3 SHBG GHRH
27 graves disease 1 30.5 TRH SHBG POMC INS
28 goiter 30.5 TRH PRL INS IGF1
29 pituitary adenoma 30.4 TRH PRL POU1F1 POMC IGF1 GNRH1
30 craniopharyngioma 30.4 TRH PROP1 PRL POU1F1 INS IGF1
31 lipid metabolism disorder 30.4 SHBG LEP INS HSD11B1
32 non-acquired panhypopituitarism 30.4 SOX3 PROP1
33 isolated growth hormone deficiency type iii 30.3 SOX3 IGF1 HESX1 GHRH GH1
34 slipped capital femoral epiphysis 30.3 IGFBP3 IGF1
35 hyperprolactinemia 30.3 TRH SHBG PRL POMC INS IGF1
36 impotence 30.3 SHBG PRL POMC INS GNRH1
37 borjeson-forssman-lehmann syndrome 30.2 SOX3 PROP1 POU1F1 LHX4 LHX3 HESX1
38 pituitary hormone deficiency, combined, 1 30.2 POU1F1 LHX4 LHX3 HESX1
39 insulin-like growth factor i 30.2 SHBG PRL LEP INS IGFBP3 IGF1
40 chromophobe adenoma 30.2 TRH PRL POMC GH1
41 empty sella syndrome 30.2 TRH PROP1 PRL POMC LHX3 INS
42 liver cirrhosis 30.2 LEP INS IGFBP3 IGF1 GHRH
43 amenorrhea 30.2 TRH SHBG PRL POMC LEP INS
44 type 1 diabetes mellitus 30.1 LEP INS IGFBP3 IGF1 GH1
45 pituitary adenoma, prolactin-secreting 30.1 TRH PRL POU1F1 POMC IGF1 GNRH1
46 hyperthyroidism 30.1 TRH SHBG PRL POMC LEP INS
47 acth deficiency, isolated 30.1 TRH PROP1 PRL POU1F1 POMC LHX4
48 sleep apnea 30.1 LEP INS IGF1
49 pituitary gland disease 30.0 TRH SOX3 PROP1 PRL POU1F1 POMC
50 kallmann syndrome 30.0 SOX3 SHBG PROP1 PRL POU1F1 LHX4

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hypopituitarism:



Diseases related to Hypopituitarism

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Hypopituitarism

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Hypopituitarism according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Decreased viability GR00221-A-1 9.4 GLI2
2 Decreased viability GR00221-A-2 9.4 GLI2
3 Decreased viability GR00249-S 9.4 GH1 IGFBP3
4 Decreased viability GR00386-A-1 9.4 GLI2 HESX1 LHX3 POMC TRH
5 Decreased viability GR00402-S-2 9.4 GHRH IGFBP3 PROP1

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hypopituitarism:

46 (show all 12)
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 endocrine/exocrine gland MP:0005379 10.41 CRH GHRH GLI2 GNRH1 HESX1 HSD11B1
2 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 10.34 CRH GHRH GLI2 GNRH1 HESX1 HSD11B1
3 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 10.33 CRH GHRH GLI2 GNRH1 HSD11B1 IGF1
4 behavior/neurological MP:0005386 10.27 CRH GHRH GLI2 HSD11B1 IGFBP3 INS
5 cellular MP:0005384 10.22 CRH GLI2 HSD11B1 IGF1 IGFBP3 INS
6 nervous system MP:0003631 10.21 CRH GHRH GLI2 GNRH1 HESX1 HSD11B1
7 adipose tissue MP:0005375 10.11 CRH GHRH HSD11B1 IGF1 IGFBP3 INS
8 integument MP:0010771 10.07 CRH GLI2 GNRH1 HSD11B1 IGF1 IGFBP3
9 liver/biliary system MP:0005370 9.97 CRH GHRH GNRH1 HSD11B1 IGFBP3 INS
10 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.9 GHRH GLI2 GNRH1 IGF1 INS LEP
11 respiratory system MP:0005388 9.56 CRH GLI2 HESX1 HSD11B1 IGF1 LEP
12 skeleton MP:0005390 9.36 CRH GHRH GLI2 GNRH1 IGF1 IGFBP3

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hypopituitarism

Drugs for Hypopituitarism (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 48)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Testosterone Approved, Investigational Phase 4 58-22-0 6013
2
Epinephrine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 51-43-4 5816
3
Racepinephrine Approved Phase 4 329-65-7 838
4
Hydrocortisone acetate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-03-3
5
Hydrocortisone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-23-7 5754
6
Cosyntropin Approved Phase 4 16960-16-0 16129617
7 Epinephryl borate Phase 4
8 Hydrocortisone 17-butyrate 21-propionate Phase 4
9 Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate Phase 4
10 Androgens Phase 4
11
Anastrozole Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 120511-73-1 2187
12 Insulin, Globin Zinc Phase 3
13 insulin Phase 3
14 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 2, Phase 3
15 Estrogens Phase 2, Phase 3
16 Estrogen Receptor Antagonists Phase 2, Phase 3
17 Estrogen Antagonists Phase 2, Phase 3
18 Aromatase Inhibitors Phase 2, Phase 3
19 Mitogens Phase 3
20
Methyltestosterone Approved Phase 2 58-18-4 6010
21
Testosterone undecanoate Approved, Investigational Phase 2 5949-44-0
22
Testosterone enanthate Approved Phase 2 315-37-7 9416
23 Anabolic Agents Phase 2
24 Testosterone 17 beta-cypionate Phase 2
25 Hormone Antagonists Phase 2
26 Hormones Phase 2
27
tannic acid Approved 1401-55-4
28
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational 1994-09-7, 94-09-7 2337
29
Acipimox Approved, Investigational 51037-30-0
30
Mannitol Approved, Investigational 69-65-8 6251 453
31
Oxytocin Approved, Vet_approved 50-56-6 53477758 439302
32 Prolactin Release-Inhibiting Factors
33 Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
34 Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
35 Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormones
36 beta-Endorphin
37 Lipid Regulating Agents
38 Antimetabolites
39 Hypolipidemic Agents
40 Hallucinogens
41 Neurotransmitter Agents
42 Vasopressins
43 Adrenergic Agents
44 Psychotropic Drugs
45 Arginine Vasopressin
46 N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine
47 Anti-Inflammatory Agents
48
Serotonin Investigational, Nutraceutical 50-67-9 5202

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 34)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Optimising Steroid Replacement in Patients With Adrenal Insufficiency Unknown status NCT03282487 Phase 4 Modified release hydrocortisone
2 Physiologic Testosterone Replacement in Women With Hypopituitarism Completed NCT00144391 Phase 4 Transdermal Testosterone gel
3 Comparison of an Incremental Weight-Based Dose Regimen With an Individualized Dosage Adjusted According to the IGF-I Response in Adults With Growth Hormone Deficiency Completed NCT00490191 Phase 4 Somatropin
4 A Randomised, Controlled, Crossover Study: Treatment With Thyroxin Compared to Thyroxin + Triiodothyronin in Patients With Secondary Hypothyroidism Completed NCT00360074 Phase 4 Thyroxin, Triiodothyronine
5 Endocrine Dysfunction and Growth Hormone Deficiency in Children With Optic Nerve Hypoplasia Completed NCT00140413 Phase 4 Nutropin AQ
6 Determination of Method-specific Normal Cortisol and Adrenal Hormone Responses to the Short Synacthen Test Completed NCT00851942 Phase 4 Synacthen (Tetracosactrin)
7 Double-blind Trial Investigating the Safety and Efficacy of the Inhibitor Anastrozole (ARIMIDEX) in Delaying Epiphyseal Fusion and Increasing Height Potential of Adolescent Males With Growth Hormone (GH) Deficiency Completed NCT00133354 Phase 2, Phase 3 Arimidex (Anastrozole);Placebo;Growth Hormone
8 Effects of Growth Hormone on Cognition and Cerebral Metabolism in Adults Completed NCT01007071 Phase 3 Human Growth Hormone (1-134);Placebo
9 Will Testosterone and Growth Hormone Improve Bone Structure? Completed NCT00080483 Phase 2 Testosterone plus somatropin;testosterone
10 Interventional Study of Growth Hormone Replacement Therapy in Retired Professional Football Players With Growth Hormone Deficiency Recruiting NCT04121780 Phase 2
11 CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN ADULT PATIENTS WITH MULTISYSTEM LANGERHANS-CELL HISTIOCYTOSIS: EVIDENCE OF GLUCOSE METABOLISM ABNORMALITIES Unknown status NCT00483925
12 Efficacy of Pulsatile GnRH Therapy on Male Patients With Pituitary Stalk Interruption Syndrome Unknown status NCT02705014 Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone
13 Prevalence of Hypopituitarism Following Combat-related Traumatic Brain Injury in a Military Population Unknown status NCT01666964
14 Next Day Early Morning Growth Hormone as Predictor of Pituitary Function After Transsphenoidal Adenomectomy Unknown status NCT03708523
15 Variability of Uterine and Breast Development in Response to Exogenous Oestrogen During Induction of Puberty in Individuals With Hypogonadism. Unknown status NCT02871986 Routine transdermal oestrogen patch
16 Central Hypothyroidism and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Completed NCT01574859
17 TheraDerm Administration in Women With Hypopituitarism Completed NCT00027430 TheraDerm
18 Hypopituitarism Following Traumatic Brain Injury or Spontaneous Subarachnoidal Haemorrhages Completed NCT00435006
19 Posttraumatic Hypopituitarism - Incidence, Predictors and Test Validity Completed NCT01028742
20 Effects of CRH on the Sleep in Patients With Hypopituitarism Completed NCT00666068
21 Phase 4 Study of Recombinant GH on Intima-Media Thickness at Common Carotids and on Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Hypopituitary Patients Completed NCT00462475 Recombinant Growth Hormone, Genotropin (Pfizer)
22 Effects of Acute Ghrelin Infusion to Growth Hormone Deficient Adults: Growth Hormone and Cortisol Interaction Completed NCT00139945 Human acylated ghrelin
23 Lipolytic Effects of GH in Hypopituitary Patients in Vivo: Molecular Mechanisms and Temporal Patterns. Completed NCT02782208 Acipimox;Placebo;GH substitution
24 The Global Hypopituitary Control and Complications Study Completed NCT01088399 Somatropin (rDNA origin)
25 Oestrogen Withdrawal in Hypopituitary Women Completed NCT00572390 oestrogen
26 The Effect of Pharmacological Antilipolysis on the Metabolic Effects of Ghrelin Completed NCT01209416 Acipimox;Ghrelin
27 Endocrine and Neuropsychological Changes After Aneurismal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Completed NCT00962559
28 Prospective Longitudinal Study on Pituitary Functions After TBI and/or SAH Completed NCT00507104
29 Registry of Patients Being Treated With Norditropin®, Recombinant Human Growth Hormone Completed NCT01009905 somatropin
30 Circulating Oxytocin Changes in Response to the Oxytocin System Stimulator MDMA in Patients With Diabetes Insipidus and Healthy Controls Recruiting NCT04648137
31 GROWing Up With Rare GENEtic Syndromes ….When Children With Complex Genetic Syndromes Reach Adult Age Recruiting NCT04463316
32 The Influence of Different Hydrocortisone Replacement Doses on the Partitioning and Flexibility of Ectopic Lipids (Intrahepatocellular IHCL and Intramyocellular IMCL) in Patients With Corticotropic Hypopituitarism, a Randomised Placebo-controlled Double-blind Trial Terminated NCT02360046 Hydrocortisone;Placebo
33 Detection and Treatment of Endocrine Abnormalities in Childhood Cancer Survivors and Hematopoitic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients Terminated NCT00504218
34 Baseline Sexual Function, Cognitive Function, Body Composition and Muscle Parameters and Pharmacokinetics of Transdermal Testosterone Gel in Women With Hypopituitarism Withdrawn NCT00144404

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hypopituitarism

Cochrane evidence based reviews: hypopituitarism

Genetic Tests for Hypopituitarism

Anatomical Context for Hypopituitarism

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hypopituitarism:

40
Pituitary, Thyroid, Hypothalamus, Bone, Endothelial, Pineal, Brain

Publications for Hypopituitarism

Articles related to Hypopituitarism:

(show top 50) (show all 5253)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Comparison of glucose and lipid metabolism and bone mineralization in patients with growth hormone deficiency with and without long-term growth hormone replacement. 54 61
19800640 2010
2
Congenital hypopituitarism: clinico-radiological correlation. 61 54
20020580 2009
3
Heterophilic antibodies may be a cause of falsely low total IGF1 levels. 61 54
19608715 2009
4
Pituitary tumours: pituitary incidentalomas. 61 54
19945030 2009
5
Age and sex as predictors of biochemical activity in acromegaly: analysis of 1485 patients from the German Acromegaly Register. 54 61
19226273 2009
6
Lack of regulation of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 during short-term manipulation of GH in patients with hypopituitarism. 54 61
19549748 2009
7
Hyperthyroidism unmasked several years after the medical and radiosurgical treatment of an invasive macroprolactinoma inducing hypopituitarism: a case report. 61 54
19829805 2009
8
Sex steroid replacement for induction of puberty in multiple pituitary hormone deficiency. 61 54
19337185 2009
9
Growth without growth hormone and similar dysmorphic features in three patients with sporadic combined pituitary hormone deficiencies. 54 61
19844116 2009
10
Deficiency of growth hormone in an adult man case of idiopathic adrenocorticotropin deficiency. 54 61
19367057 2009
11
[Diagnosis and treatment of adult growth hormone deficiency (aGHD) resulting from brain injury--role of aGHD]. 61 54
19110756 2008
12
A novel dominant negative mutation of OTX2 associated with combined pituitary hormone deficiency. 54 61
18728160 2008
13
Analysis of mouse models carrying the I26T and R160C substitutions in the transcriptional repressor HESX1 as models for septo-optic dysplasia and hypopituitarism. 61 54
19093031 2008
14
A simple and cost-effective approach to assessment of pituitary adrenocorticotropin and growth hormone reserve: combined use of the overnight metyrapone test and insulin-like growth factor-I standard deviation scores. 54 61
18664544 2008
15
Update on epidemiology, etiology, and diagnosis of adult growth hormone deficiency. 54 61
19020378 2008
16
Diagnostic usefulness of the growth hormone-releasing peptide-2 test as a substitute for the insulin tolerance test in hypopituitarism. 54 61
18493103 2008
17
Heterozygous mutation of HESX1 causing hypopituitarism and multiple anatomical malformations without features of septo-optic dysplasia. 61 54
18852528 2008
18
Novel mutations in LHX3 are associated with hypopituitarism and sensorineural hearing loss. 54 61
18407919 2008
19
Safety of GH replacement in hypopituitary patients with nonirradiated pituitary and peripituitary tumours. 61 54
18031317 2008
20
Diagnosis of adult GH deficiency. 61 54
17766155 2008
21
An audit of treatment outcome in acromegalic patients attending our center at Bergamo, Italy. 61 54
17690987 2008
22
[Problems typical for patients with hypopituitarism - a case presentation]. 61 54
18577349 2008
23
Diagnosis of adult GH deficiency. 61 54
18404387 2008
24
Administration route-dependent effects of estrogens on IGF-I levels during fixed GH replacement in women with hypopituitarism. 54 61
18057377 2007
25
Consensus guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of adults with GH deficiency II: a statement of the GH Research Society in association with the European Society for Pediatric Endocrinology, Lawson Wilkins Society, European Society of Endocrinology, Japan Endocrine Society, and Endocrine Society of Australia. 54 61
18057375 2007
26
Molecular analysis of PROP1, PIT1, HESX1, LHX3, and LHX4 shows high frequency of PROP1 mutations in patients with familial forms of combined pituitary hormone deficiency. 61 54
18157385 2007
27
Effects of testosterone therapy on cardiovascular risk markers in androgen-deficient women with hypopituitarism. 54 61
17426086 2007
28
Role of growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor 1 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 in development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. 54 61
19669352 2007
29
[Arterial stiffness in hypopituitary patients with life-long growth hormone deficiency]. 61 54
18030871 2007
30
Acquired prolactin deficiency in patients with disorders of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. 54 61
17556861 2007
31
GH response to ghrelin in subjects with congenital GH deficiency: evidence that ghrelin action requires hypothalamic-pituitary connections. 61 54
17389459 2007
32
HESX1 mutations are an uncommon cause of septooptic dysplasia and hypopituitarism. 61 54
17148560 2007
33
Hormonal, pituitary magnetic resonance, LHX4 and HESX1 evaluation in patients with hypopituitarism and ectopic posterior pituitary lobe. 61 54
17201807 2007
34
Polyalanine expansion mutations in the X-linked hypopituitarism gene SOX3 result in aggresome formation and impaired transactivation. 61 54
17127446 2007
35
Hypopituitarism oddities: congenital causes. 54 61
18174732 2007
36
Growth hormone levels in the diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency in adulthood. 61 54
17429591 2007
37
Effect of thyroxine replacement on serum IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and the acid-labile subunit in patients with hypothyroidism and hypopituitarism. 61 54
17121519 2006
38
Hypopituitarism in childhood and adolescence following traumatic brain injury: the case for prospective endocrine investigation. 61 54
17062881 2006
39
PROP1 gene analysis in Portuguese patients with combined pituitary hormone deficiency. 61 54
16984240 2006
40
A case of catecholamine and glucocorticoid excess syndrome due to a corticotropin-secreting paraganglioma. 61 54
17102072 2006
41
Serum ghrelin levels are suppressed in hypopituitary patients following insulin-induced hypoglycaemia irrespective of GH status. 61 54
16886962 2006
42
Conventional pituitary irradiation is effective in lowering serum growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I in patients with acromegaly. 54 61
16403824 2006
43
Clinical case seminar: a novel LHX3 mutation presenting as combined pituitary hormonal deficiency. 61 54
16394081 2006
44
Hypopituitarism. 61 54
17077946 2006
45
Hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction after irradiation of nonpituitary brain tumors in adults. 61 54
16144946 2005
46
[Standardization of DNA extraction with NaCl from oral mucosa cells: application in PROP1 gene study]. 61 54
16544023 2005
47
Duplication of Xq26.2-q27.1, including SOX3, in a mother and daughter with short stature and dyslalia. 61 54
16097007 2005
48
[Primary hypothyroidism associated with empty sella turcica and hypopituitarism]. 54 61
16296587 2005
49
Mutations within the transcription factor PROP1 are rare in a cohort of patients with sporadic combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD). 61 54
15963055 2005
50
Different degrees of GH deficiency evidenced by GHRH+arginine test and IGF-I levels in adults with pituritary disease. 61 54
15952410 2005

Variations for Hypopituitarism

Expression for Hypopituitarism

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hypopituitarism.

Pathways for Hypopituitarism

Pathways related to Hypopituitarism according to KEGG:

36
# Name Kegg Source Accession
1 Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction hsa04080

Pathways related to Hypopituitarism according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 12)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.36 TRH PRL POMC LEP GNRH1 GHRH
2
Show member pathways
12.25 PRL LEP INS GH1
3
Show member pathways
12.23 POU1F1 POMC IGFBP3 IGF1 GHRH GH1
4 11.79 LEP INS IGF1 GH1
5 11.71 INS IGFBP3 IGF1
6
Show member pathways
11.61 POMC LEP INS IGF1 GH1
7 11.55 PRL POU1F1 POMC
8 11.54 LEP INS IGFBP3 IGF1
9 11.28 PRL LEP INS
10
Show member pathways
10.97 TRH POMC LEP
11 10.28 POMC CRH
12 10.23 PRL POMC LEP INS

GO Terms for Hypopituitarism

Cellular components related to Hypopituitarism according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.85 PRL POMC LEP INS IGFBP3 IGF1
2 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.4 TRH SHBG PRL POMC LEP INS
3 insulin-like growth factor ternary complex GO:0042567 9.32 IGFBP3 IGF1
4 insulin-like growth factor binding protein complex GO:0016942 9.26 IGFBP3 IGF1
5 endosome lumen GO:0031904 9.13 PRL INS GH1

Biological processes related to Hypopituitarism according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 26)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 signal transduction GO:0007165 10.19 TRH PRL POMC LEP INS IGF1
2 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated GO:0006355 10.17 SOX3 PROP1 POU1F1 LHX4 LHX3 INS
3 positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:0045944 10.11 SOX3 POU1F1 POMC LHX4 LHX3 IGF1
4 negative regulation of apoptotic process GO:0043066 9.97 LHX4 LHX3 LEP IGF1 GNRH1 GLI2
5 cellular protein metabolic process GO:0044267 9.89 PRL INS IGFBP3 IGF1
6 lung development GO:0030324 9.79 LHX3 HSD11B1 GLI2
7 response to nutrient levels GO:0031667 9.77 PRL LEP GH1
8 cell-cell signaling GO:0007267 9.77 TRH POMC INS GNRH1 GHRH
9 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein GO:0042531 9.76 LEP IGF1 GH1
10 response to ethanol GO:0045471 9.76 TRH LEP GNRH1 CRH
11 positive regulation of MAPK cascade GO:0043410 9.73 LEP INS IGFBP3 IGF1
12 placenta development GO:0001890 9.7 LHX4 LHX3 LEP
13 positive regulation of cell proliferation GO:0008284 9.7 PRL LEP INS IGF1 GLI2 GHRH
14 positive regulation of JAK-STAT cascade GO:0046427 9.65 PRL LEP GH1
15 positive regulation of glycogen biosynthetic process GO:0045725 9.62 INS IGF1
16 JAK-STAT cascade involved in growth hormone signaling pathway GO:0060397 9.62 PRL GH1
17 female pregnancy GO:0007565 9.62 PRL LEP GNRH1 CRH
18 hypothalamus development GO:0021854 9.61 SOX3 CRH
19 adenohypophysis development GO:0021984 9.58 POU1F1 GHRH
20 negative regulation of feeding behavior GO:2000252 9.56 TRH INS
21 positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling GO:0014068 9.56 LEP INS IGF1 GH1
22 bone mineralization involved in bone maturation GO:0035630 9.55 LEP IGF1
23 negative regulation of glucagon secretion GO:0070093 9.51 LEP CRH
24 medial motor column neuron differentiation GO:0021526 9.4 LHX4 LHX3
25 positive regulation of insulin-like growth factor receptor signaling pathway GO:0043568 9.26 IGFBP3 IGF1 GHRH GH1
26 pituitary gland development GO:0021983 9.02 SOX3 PROP1 LHX3 HESX1 GLI2

Molecular functions related to Hypopituitarism according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific GO:0000981 9.8 SOX3 PROP1 POU1F1 LHX4 LHX3 HESX1
2 sequence-specific double-stranded DNA binding GO:1990837 9.63 SOX3 PROP1 POU1F1 LHX4 HESX1 GLI2
3 insulin-like growth factor receptor binding GO:0005159 9.37 INS IGF1
4 peptide hormone receptor binding GO:0051428 9.32 LEP GHRH
5 hormone activity GO:0005179 9.32 TRH PRL POMC LEP INS IGF1
6 prolactin receptor binding GO:0005148 8.96 PRL GH1

Sources for Hypopituitarism

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
20 GARD
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 05-Apr-2021)
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 Tocris
70 UMLS
71 UMLS via Orphanet
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