JBS
MCID: JHN001
MIFTS: 49

Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome (JBS)

Categories: Endocrine diseases, Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases, Skin diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome:

Name: Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome 57 12 75 53 59 74 37 29 13 6 15 40 72
Jbs 57 53 59 74
Nasal Alar Hypoplasia, Hypothyroidism, Pancreatic Achylia, and Congenital Deafness 57
Nasal Alar Hypoplasia, Hypothyroidism, Pancreatic Achylia and Congenital Deafness 53
Johanson Blizzard Syndrome 44

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

59
johanson-blizzard syndrome
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: 1-9/1000000 (Europe); Age of onset: Infancy,Neonatal; Age of death: infantile,stillbirth;

OMIM:

57
Inheritance:
autosomal recessive

Miscellaneous:
death in childhood secondary to malabsorption
incidence of 1 in 250,000 births


HPO:

32
johanson-blizzard syndrome:
Clinical modifier death in infancy death in childhood
Inheritance autosomal recessive inheritance


Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:14694
OMIM 57 243800
KEGG 37 H00571
MeSH 44 C535880
SNOMED-CT 68 75979009
MESH via Orphanet 45 C535880
ICD10 via Orphanet 34 Q87.8
UMLS via Orphanet 73 C0175692
Orphanet 59 ORPHA2315
MedGen 42 C0175692
UMLS 72 C0175692

Summaries for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

NIH Rare Diseases : 53 Johanson-Blizzard syndrome (JBS) is a very rare condition that affects multiple parts of the body. The severity, signs and symptoms of JBS may vary among affected individuals. Many symptoms are present at birth or early childhood. Characteristic features include intestinal malabsorption of fats and other nutrients due to abnormal development of the pancreas (pancreatic insufficiency); failure to thrive, contributing to short stature; abnormalities of permanent teeth; distinctive skull and facial features; and/or varying degrees of intellectual disability. JBS can be caused by changes (mutations) in the UBR1 gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner.The treatment focuses on the specific symptoms that are present in each individual and may include pancreatic enzyme supplements (e.g., oral pancreatin) and vitamin supplements.

MalaCards based summary : Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome, also known as jbs, is related to exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and jacobsen syndrome. An important gene associated with Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome is UBR1 (Ubiquitin Protein Ligase E3 Component N-Recognin 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are AMPK Enzyme Complex Pathway and Cardiac muscle contraction. Affiliated tissues include pancreas, skin and bone, and related phenotypes are failure to thrive and malabsorption

Disease Ontology : 12 An autosomal recessive disease that involves abnormal development of the pancreas, nose and scalp, with mental retardation, hearing loss and growth failure. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner.

OMIM : 57 Johanson-Blizzard syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by poor growth, mental retardation, and variable dysmorphic features, including aplasia or hypoplasia of the nasal alae, abnormal hair patterns or scalp defects, and oligodontia. Other features include hypothyroidism, sensorineural hearing loss, imperforate anus, and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (summary by Al-Dosari et al., 2008). (243800)

KEGG : 37
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome is a rare, sometimes fatal disorder that is inherited in autosomal recessive pattern. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency including decreased secretion of lipases and trypsinogen is the most consistent feature. Nasal wing hypoplasia, scalp defects, and sensorineural hearing loss are additional clinical features of the disease. The causative gene, ubiquitin-protein ligase E3 component N-recognin 1 (UBR1), is involved in protein destabilization.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 74 Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: This disorder includes congenital exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, multiple malformations such as nasal wing aplasia, and frequent mental retardation. Pancreas of individuals with JBS do not express UBR1 and show intrauterine-onset destructive pancreatitis.

Wikipedia : 75 Johanson-Blizzard syndrome is a rare, sometimes fatal autosomal recessive multisystem congenital... more...

Related Diseases for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

Diseases related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 72)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 exocrine pancreatic insufficiency 30.5 UBR1 COX4I2 CFTR
2 jacobsen syndrome 12.1
3 aplasia cutis congenita, nonsyndromic 11.8
4 aplasia cutis congenita 11.6
5 hypothyroidism 10.9
6 autosomal recessive disease 10.9
7 branchiootic syndrome 1 10.9
8 ataxia, combined cerebellar and peripheral, with hearing loss and diabetes mellitus 10.8
9 sensorineural hearing loss 10.7
10 anus, imperforate 10.6
11 hypopituitarism 10.6
12 microcephaly 10.6
13 diarrhea 10.6
14 ectodermal dysplasia 10.6
15 dwarfism 10.6
16 tooth agenesis 10.5
17 diabetes mellitus 10.5
18 alopecia 10.5
19 hypoglycemia 10.5
20 growth hormone deficiency 10.5
21 hypotonia 10.5
22 bladder cancer 10.4
23 anorectal anomalies 10.3
24 atrial standstill 1 10.3
25 obsessive-compulsive disorder 10.3
26 vesicoureteral reflux 1 10.3
27 congenital heart defects, hamartomas of tongue, and polysyndactyly 10.3
28 craniosynostosis with fibular aplasia 10.3
29 cystic fibrosis 10.3
30 holoprosencephaly 1 10.3
31 pancreatic agenesis 1 10.3
32 coffin-lowry syndrome 10.3
33 patent ductus arteriosus 1 10.3
34 deficiency anemia 10.3
35 congenital hypothyroidism 10.3
36 vitamin b12 deficiency 10.3
37 stickler syndrome 10.3
38 portal hypertension 10.3
39 hypospadias 10.3
40 bronchopneumonia 10.3
41 pancytopenia 10.3
42 dilated cardiomyopathy 10.3
43 diamond-blackfan anemia 10.3
44 thrombocytopenia 10.3
45 heart septal defect 10.3
46 atrial heart septal defect 10.3
47 pancreas disease 10.3
48 lipomatosis 10.3
49 hyperglycemia 10.3
50 pancreatitis 10.3

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome:



Diseases related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

Human phenotypes related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome:

59 32 (show top 50) (show all 75)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 failure to thrive 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001508
2 malabsorption 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002024
3 short nose 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0003196
4 short stature 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0004322
5 intrauterine growth retardation 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001511
6 alopecia 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001596
7 exocrine pancreatic insufficiency 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001738
8 underdeveloped nasal alae 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000430
9 abnormal hair pattern 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0010720
10 intellectual disability 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001249
11 delayed skeletal maturation 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002750
12 sensorineural hearing impairment 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000407
13 anemia 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001903
14 delayed eruption of teeth 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000684
15 microdontia 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000691
16 lacrimation abnormality 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000632
17 anal atresia 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002023
18 anteriorly placed anus 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001545
19 hypoproteinemia 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0003075
20 oligodontia 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000677
21 absent lacrimal punctum 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001092
22 abnormal vagina morphology 32 frequent (33%) HP:0000142
23 diabetes mellitus 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000819
24 muscular hypotonia 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001252
25 microcephaly 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000252
26 edema 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000969
27 hypospadias 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000047
28 hydronephrosis 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000126
29 hypoplasia of penis 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0008736
30 dextrocardia 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001651
31 abnormality of the nares 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0005288
32 dilated cardiomyopathy 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0001644
33 hepatic failure 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0001399
34 cholestasis 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0001396
35 abnormal cardiac septum morphology 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0001671
36 hypothyroidism 32 HP:0000821
37 abnormality of the dentition 59 Very frequent (99-80%)
38 abnormality of the nail 32 HP:0001597
39 generalized hypotonia 32 HP:0001290
40 malformation of the heart and great vessels 59 Occasional (29-5%)
41 strabismus 32 HP:0000486
42 death in infancy 59 Occasional (29-5%)
43 cryptorchidism 32 HP:0000028
44 atrial septal defect 32 HP:0001631
45 joint laxity 32 HP:0001388
46 clinodactyly of the 5th finger 32 HP:0004209
47 abnormality of the pancreas 59 Very frequent (99-80%)
48 micropenis 32 HP:0000054
49 abnormality of the cardiac septa 59 Occasional (29-5%)
50 ventricular septal defect 32 HP:0001629

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

57
Endocrine Features:
diabetes mellitus
hypothyroidism (30% patients)

Head And Neck Head:
microcephaly
midline skin dimples over anterior/posterior fontanelles

Head And Neck Eyes:
strabismus
cutaneolacrimal fistulae
lacrimal puncta aplasia

Cardiovascular Heart:
atrial septal defect
ventricular septal defect
dilated cardiomyopathy (rare)
situs inversus

Skeletal:
joint laxity
delayed bone age

Genitourinary Kidneys:
hydronephrosis
calicectasis

Abdomen Gastrointestinal:
anteriorly placed anus
imperforate anus

Muscle Soft Tissue:
anasarca
edema (hands and feet)

Skeletal Hands:
transverse palmar crease
fifth finger clinodactyly

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
hypotonia
mental retardation (2/3 patients)

Head And Neck Ears:
hearing loss, sensorineural
cystic dilatation of cochlea and vestibulum

Growth Weight:
low birth weight

Abdomen Liver:
liver failure (1 patient)
giant cell hepatocytes (1 patient)
cholestasis (1 patient)
fibrosis (1 patient)

Growth Other:
failure to thrive

Growth Height:
short stature

Genitourinary Internal Genitalia Male:
cryptorchidism

Abdomen Pancreas:
exocrine pancreatic insufficiency

Genitourinary External Genitalia Male:
hypospadias
micropenis

Laboratory Abnormalities:
hypocalcemia
low total serum protein

Genitourinary External Genitalia Female:
clitoromegaly

Genitourinary Internal Genitalia Female:
septate vagina
double vagina
urethrovaginal fistulae

Skin Nails Hair Skin:
transverse palmar crease
cafe-au-lait spots
scalp aplasia cutis congenita

Head And Neck Nose:
beaked nose
hypoplastic alae nasi

Chest Breasts:
small nipples
absent areolae

Head And Neck Teeth:
hypoplastic deciduous teeth
absent permanent teeth

Skin Nails Hair Hair:
blonde, sparse scalp hair
frontal upsweep
extension of lateral hairline onto forehead
'unruly' scalp hair

Clinical features from OMIM:

243800

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 9.76 ADAR CFTR CLPS COX4I1 COX4I2 SBDS
2 embryo MP:0005380 9.65 ADAR COX4I1 SBDS UBR1 UBR2
3 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 9.56 ADAR CFTR CLPS COX4I2 PDLIM1 SBDS
4 mortality/aging MP:0010768 9.17 ADAR CFTR CLPS COX4I1 SBDS UBR1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

Cochrane evidence based reviews: johanson blizzard syndrome

Genetic Tests for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

Genetic tests related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome 29 UBR1

Anatomical Context for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome:

41
Pancreas, Skin, Bone, Liver, Heart, Colon, Lung

Publications for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

Articles related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome:

(show top 50) (show all 100)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome caused by identical UBR1 mutations in two unrelated girls, one with a cardiomyopathy. 38 8 71
19006206 2008
2
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: report of a novel mutation and severe liver involvement. 38 8 71
18553553 2008
3
Deficiency of UBR1, a ubiquitin ligase of the N-end rule pathway, causes pancreatic dysfunction, malformations and mental retardation (Johanson-Blizzard syndrome). 38 8 71
16311597 2005
4
Pancreatitis Overview 38 71
24624459 2014
5
Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of a recurrent case of Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. 38 8
12725595 2003
6
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. a new case with autopsy findings. 38 8
11693787 2001
7
A case of Johanson-Blizzard syndrome complicated by diabetes mellitus. 38 8
8448911 1993
8
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: clinical spectrum and further delineation of the syndrome. 38 8
2185632 1990
9
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: clinical and pathological findings in 2 sibs. 38 8
2669481 1989
10
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. 38 8
2645405 1989
11
The Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: a second report of full autopsy findings. 38 8
3812553 1987
12
The Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: report of a new case with special reference to the dentition and review of the literature. 38 8
3536218 1986
13
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome with normal intelligence. 38 8
4050852 1985
14
The Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. 38 8
7120319 1982
15
Roentgencephalometric analysis of craniofacial growth in the Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. 38 8
7341643 1981
16
[Ectodermal dysplasia and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency--a familial syndrome]. 38 8
285801 1979
17
The Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: case report and autopsy findings. 38 8
474625 1979
18
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome in a large inbred kindred with three involved members. 38 8
709902 1978
19
A syndrome of congenital hypoplasia of the alae nasi, situs inversus, and severe hypoproteinemia in two siblings. 8
7310588 1981
20
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency with congenital anomalies. 8
978327 1976
21
Special female hermaphroditism associated with multiple disorders. 8
5066658 1972
22
A syndrome of congenital aplasia of the alae nasi, deafness, hypothyroidism, dwarfism, absent permanent teeth, and malabsorption. 8
5171616 1971
23
Proteolytic and lipolytic deficiency of the exocrine pancreas. 8
5795344 1969
24
Trypsinogen deficiency disease. 8
5006445 1967
25
Unusual case of XXY Klinefelter's syndrome with pancreatic insufficiency, hypothyroidism, deafness, chronic lung disease, dwarfism and microcephaly. 8
5914119 1966
26
Clinical Characteristics and Genetic Causes of Infantile Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency in Chinese Patients: Study From a Tertiary Care Center. 38
30308536 2018
27
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome with associated urogenital anomalies. 38
30097546 2018
28
A rare cause of pancreatic insufficiency; Johanson Blizzard Syndrome. 38
29885188 2018
29
Expanding the mutational spectrum in Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: identification of whole exon deletions and duplications in the UBR1 gene by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analysis. 38
29178640 2017
30
Bound Waters Mediate Binding of Diverse Substrates to a Ubiquitin Ligase. 38
28392261 2017
31
Bilateral cochlear implantation in a child with Johanson Blizzard Syndrome. 38
28576536 2017
32
Is a fatty pancreas a banal lesion? 38
27679730 2016
33
Variants in the UBR1 gene are not associated with chronic pancreatitis in Japan. 38
27397733 2016
34
A Case with Complete Pancreatic Aplasia Suggestive of Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome. 38
27656521 2016
35
Oblique facial clefts in Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. 38
26989884 2016
36
Two novel UBR1 gene mutations ın a patient with Johanson Blizzard Syndrome: A mild phenotype without mental retardation. 38
26149651 2015
37
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome presenting as chronic diarrhoea. 38
27522741 2015
38
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: expanding the phenotype of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. 38
25076350 2014
39
Case report. Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: a report of gender-discordant twins with a novel UBR1 mutation. 38
25036160 2014
40
Mutations in the human UBR1 gene and the associated phenotypic spectrum. 38
24599544 2014
41
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: hepatic and hematological features with novel genotype. 38
24052374 2014
42
[Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: audiological features and results of cochlear implantation]. 38
24781182 2014
43
Clinical utility gene card for: Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. 38
23652379 2014
44
Pancytopenia from severe cobalamin (vitamin B12) deficiency in Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. 38
23900243 2013
45
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: dental findings and management. 38
24172004 2013
46
Johanson-blizzard syndrome. 38
23778732 2013
47
Quantitative assessment of craniofacial morphology in Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. 38
23463671 2013
48
[Genetically determined pancreatic diseases]. 38
22410943 2012
49
Recurrent Johanson-Blizzard syndrome in a triplet pregnancy complicated by urethral obstruction sequence: a clinical, molecular, and immunohistochemical approach. 38
21711208 2012
50
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. 38
22072859 2011

Variations for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 UBR1 NM_174916.3(UBR1): c.407A> G (p.His136Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs119477054 15:43374846-43374846 15:43082648-43082648
2 UBR1 UBR1, IVS20DS, T-C, +2 single nucleotide variant Pathogenic
3 UBR1 NM_174916.3(UBR1): c.1537C> T (p.Gln513Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs119477055 15:43340592-43340592 15:43048394-43048394
4 UBR1 UBR1, IVS26DS, G-A, +5 single nucleotide variant Pathogenic
5 UBR1 UBR1, IVS12AS, G-A, -1 single nucleotide variant Pathogenic
6 UBR1 NM_174916.3(UBR1): c.4107T> A (p.Cys1369Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs797045112 15:43276138-43276138 15:42983940-42983940

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome:

74 (show all 18)
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 UBR1 p.His136Arg VAR_024741 rs119477054
2 UBR1 p.Gly1279Ser VAR_024742
3 UBR1 p.Val122Leu VAR_075179
4 UBR1 p.Cys127Phe VAR_075180
5 UBR1 p.His166Arg VAR_075181
6 UBR1 p.Leu217Arg VAR_075182
7 UBR1 p.Ile286Arg VAR_075183
8 UBR1 p.Leu317Pro VAR_075184
9 UBR1 p.Ala563Asp VAR_075187 rs768686147
10 UBR1 p.Ser700Pro VAR_075189
11 UBR1 p.Arg754Cys VAR_075190 rs138836735
12 UBR1 p.Arg754His VAR_075191
13 UBR1 p.Gln1102Glu VAR_075192
14 UBR1 p.Arg1242Gly VAR_075193 rs123554156
15 UBR1 p.Pro1426Leu VAR_075194
16 UBR1 p.Ser1427Phe VAR_075195 rs148093979
17 UBR1 p.Ser1431Pro VAR_075196 rs140972409
18 UBR1 p.Gly1661Arg VAR_075197

Expression for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome.

Pathways for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

Pathways related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
11.03 COX4I2 COX4I1 CFTR
2 10.89 COX4I2 COX4I1

GO Terms for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

Cellular components related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV GO:0005751 8.62 COX4I2 COX4I1

Biological processes related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 electron transport chain GO:0022900 9.4 COX4I2 COX4I1
2 protein catabolic process GO:0030163 9.37 UBR2 UBR1
3 generation of precursor metabolites and energy GO:0006091 9.32 COX4I2 COX4I1
4 negative regulation of TOR signaling GO:0032007 9.26 UBR2 UBR1
5 mitochondrial electron transport, cytochrome c to oxygen GO:0006123 9.16 COX4I2 COX4I1
6 cellular response to leucine GO:0071233 8.96 UBR2 UBR1
7 ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process via the N-end rule pathway GO:0071596 8.62 UBR2 UBR1

Molecular functions related to Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytochrome-c oxidase activity GO:0004129 8.96 COX4I2 COX4I1
2 leucine binding GO:0070728 8.62 UBR2 UBR1

Sources for Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 TGDB
71 Tocris
72 UMLS
73 UMLS via Orphanet
Content
Loading form....