MCID: LFT001
MIFTS: 31

Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Categories: Cardiovascular diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

MalaCards integrated aliases for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock:

Name: Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock 12 73
Left Bundle Branch Block 12 29 55
Left Bundle-Branch Block 73

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:10272
ICD10 33 I44.60
ICD9CM 35 426.2

Summaries for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

MalaCards based summary : Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock, also known as left bundle branch block, is related to arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, familial, 1 and progressive familial heart block, type ia. An important gene associated with Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock is NPPB (Natriuretic Peptide B). The drugs Bisoprolol and Candesartan cilexetil have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include heart, testes and prostate.

Related Diseases for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Diseases related to Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 43)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, familial, 1 11.2
2 progressive familial heart block, type ia 11.0
3 atrioventricular block 11.0
4 first-degree atrioventricular block 10.9
5 myocardial infarction 10.5
6 second-degree atrioventricular block 10.5
7 dilated cardiomyopathy 10.3
8 progressive familial heart block, type ib 10.3
9 right bundle branch block 10.3
10 ventricular septal defect 10.2
11 inferior myocardial infarction 10.2
12 arteries, anomalies of 10.1
13 acute myocardial infarction 10.1
14 coronary artery anomaly 10.1
15 atrial fibrillation 10.1
16 dextrocardia 10.1
17 systolic heart failure 10.1
18 hypoaldosteronism 10.1
19 hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism 10.1
20 atrial standstill 1 9.9
21 pulmonary hemosiderosis 9.9
22 wolff-parkinson-white syndrome 9.9
23 anorexia nervosa 9.9
24 myocardial infarction 2 9.9
25 peripartum cardiomyopathy 9.9
26 burns 9.9
27 congestive heart failure 9.9
28 left ventricular noncompaction 9.9
29 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 9.9
30 hemosiderosis 9.9
31 pancytopenia 9.9
32 cardiac sarcoidosis 9.9
33 sick sinus syndrome 9.9
34 squamous cell carcinoma 9.9
35 long qt syndrome 9.9
36 ischemia 9.9
37 lung squamous cell carcinoma 9.9
38 coronary stenosis 9.9
39 aortitis 9.9
40 posterior myocardial infarction 9.9
41 anteroseptal myocardial infarction 9.9
42 connective tissue disease 9.9
43 syncope 9.9

Comorbidity relations with Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show all 22)


Acute Cystitis Aortic Valve Disease 1
Bronchitis Chronic Myocardial Ischemia
Deficiency Anemia Esophagitis
Familial Atrial Fibrillation First-Degree Atrioventricular Block
Generalized Atherosclerosis Heart Disease
Hypertension, Essential Intermediate Coronary Syndrome
Ischemic Heart Disease Mitral Valve Disease
Peripheral Vascular Disease Postinflammatory Pulmonary Fibrosis
Progressive Familial Heart Block, Type Ia Prostatic Hypertrophy
Respiratory Failure Right Bundle Branch Block
Sinoatrial Node Disease Transient Cerebral Ischemia

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock:



Diseases related to Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Drugs & Therapeutics for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Drugs for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 176)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Bisoprolol Approved Phase 4 66722-44-9 2405
2
Candesartan cilexetil Approved Phase 4 145040-37-5 2540
3
Captopril Approved Phase 4 62571-86-2 44093
4
Carvedilol Approved, Investigational Phase 4 72956-09-3 2585
5
Enalapril Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 75847-73-3 5362032 40466924
6
Enalaprilat Approved Phase 4 76420-72-9 6917719
7
Eplerenone Approved Phase 4 107724-20-9 150310 443872
8
Lisinopril Approved, Investigational Phase 4 83915-83-7, 76547-98-3 5362119
9
Metoprolol Approved, Investigational Phase 4 37350-58-6, 51384-51-1 4171
10
Nebivolol Approved, Investigational Phase 4 152520-56-4, 99200-09-6, 118457-14-0 71301
11
Ramipril Approved Phase 4 87333-19-5 5362129
12
Spironolactone Approved Phase 4 1952-01-7, 52-01-7 5833
13
Valsartan Approved, Investigational Phase 4 137862-53-4 60846
14
Aspirin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 50-78-2 2244
15
Clopidogrel Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 120202-66-6, 113665-84-2 60606
16
Aripiprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3 129722-12-9 60795
17
Valproic Acid Approved, Investigational Phase 4 99-66-1 3121
18
Chromium Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable 7440-47-3 27668
19
Everolimus Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable 159351-69-6 6442177
20
Miconazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable 22916-47-8 4189
21
Sirolimus Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Not Applicable 53123-88-9 5284616 6436030 46835353
22
Ticlopidine Approved Phase 4,Phase 3 55142-85-3 5472
23
Chlorhexidine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 55-56-1 9552079 2713
24
Iodine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 7553-56-2 807
25
Povidone Approved Phase 4 9003-39-8
26
Povidone-iodine Approved Phase 4 25655-41-8
27
Salicylic acid Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 69-72-7 338
28
Ticagrelor Approved Phase 4 274693-27-5 9871419
29
Amlodipine Approved Phase 4 88150-42-9 2162
30
Hydrochlorothiazide Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 58-93-5 3639
31
Candesartan Experimental Phase 4 139481-59-7 2541
32 Adrenergic Agents Phase 4
33 Adrenergic Antagonists Phase 4
34 Adrenergic beta-Antagonists Phase 4
35 Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists Phase 4
36 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors Phase 4
37 diuretics Phase 4
38 Diuretics, Potassium Sparing Phase 4
39 HIV Protease Inhibitors Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
40 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 2
41 Hormones Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
42 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 2
43 Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists Phase 4
44 Mineralocorticoids Phase 4
45 Natriuretic Agents Phase 4,Phase 3
46 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
47
protease inhibitors Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
48 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
49 Analgesics Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
50 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 80)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Assessment of the Prognosis of Persistent Left Bundle Branch Block (LBBB)After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI ) by an Electrophysiological and Remote Monitoring Risk-adapted Algorithm Unknown status NCT02482844 Phase 4
2 Resynchronization in Paced Heart Failure Patients With Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) Indication Unknown status NCT01415024 Phase 4
3 Systematic Withdrawal of Neurohumoral Blocker Therapy in Optimally Responding CRT Patients Unknown status NCT02200822 Phase 4 beta blockers;RAAS blockers
4 Effect of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) on Skeletal Muscle Histology, Neuroendocrine Activation and Inflammatory Response Completed NCT01019915 Phase 4
5 High-sensitivity Troponin in Cardiac Surgery Completed NCT01913873 Phase 4
6 A Study of Aripiprazole (Abilify) in Patients With Bipolar Mania Completed NCT00261443 Phase 4 Lithium or Valproate with placebo (PBO);Lithium or Valproate with Aripiprazole
7 Comparison of Alcoholic Chlorhexidine 2% Versus Alcoholic Povidone Iodine for Infections Prevention With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Device Implantation Recruiting NCT01841242 Phase 4 alcoholic povidone iodine;alcoholic chlorhexidine
8 PROMUS Element Plus US Post-Approval Study Active, not recruiting NCT01589978 Phase 4 Aspirin;P2Y12 antagonist
9 Intervention for High-normal or Borderline-elevated Blood Pressure in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Not yet recruiting NCT03264352 Phase 4 Allisartan Isoproxil;Amlodipine 5mg;Hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg;Allisartan Isoproxil placebo;Amlodipine placebo;Hydrochlorothiazide placebo
10 PCI With AXXESS Biolimus A9 Eluting Bifurcation Stent in Treating Coronary Artery Bifurcation Disease Withdrawn NCT02384629 Phase 4
11 Melatonin and Cardiac Outcome After Major Surgery Completed NCT00315926 Phase 2, Phase 3 Melatonin;Placebo
12 Levosimendan in Patients With Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction Undergoing Cardiac Surgery On Cardiopulmonary Bypass Completed NCT02025621 Phase 3 Levosimendan;Placebo
13 Effects of Titrated Oral Tolvaptan 15-60 mg Once Daily (QD) on Cognitive and Neurological Function in Elderly Hyponatremic Patients Completed NCT00550459 Phase 3 Tolvaptan;Placebo
14 The PLATINUM Clinical Trial to Assess the PROMUS Element Stent System for Treatment of De Novo Coronary Artery Lesions Completed NCT00823212 Phase 3 Aspirin;Thienopyridine
15 The PLATINUM Clinical Trial to Assess the PROMUS Element Stent System for Treatment of Long De Novo Coronary Artery Lesions (PLATINUM LL) Completed NCT01500434 Phase 3 Aspirin;Thienopyridine
16 Aripiprazole for Schizophrenia Outpatients Completing BMS Clinical Trials Completed NCT00239356 Phase 3 Aripiprazole
17 PROMUS Element Japan Small Vessel Trial Completed NCT01080261 Phase 3
18 A Prospective, Multi-center Trial to Assess an Everolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent System (PROMUS Element™) Completed NCT00824434 Phase 3
19 Study to Assess the Effect of Treatment With Bendamustine in Combination With Rituximab on QT Interval in Patients With Advanced Indolent Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) or Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) Completed NCT01073163 Phase 3 Bendamustine;Rituximab
20 PLATINUM Trial to Assess the PROMUS Element Stent System for Treatment of De Novo Coronary Artery Lesions-Pharmacokinetics (PLATINUM PK) Completed NCT01510327 Phase 3 Aspirin;Thienopyridine
21 MADIT ASIA Cardiac Resynchronization Trial Terminated NCT01872234 Phase 3
22 Phase III Acute Coronary Syndrome Terminated NCT00831441 Phase 3 Apixaban;Placebo
23 Cardio‑Safety of Dihydroartemisinin‑Piperaquine and Pharmacokinetics of Piperaquine Amongst Pregnant Women in Tanzania Unknown status NCT02909712 Phase 2 sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP);dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHA-PQP)
24 Apixaban Versus Antiplatelet Drugs or no Antithrombotic Drugs After Anticoagulation-associated Intracerebral Haemorrhage in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Unknown status NCT02565693 Phase 2 Apixaban;Aspirin;Carbasalate calcium;Clopidogrel;Dipyridamole
25 Washington Study of Hemofiltration After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Completed NCT01509040 Phase 1, Phase 2
26 4 Week Switch Study in Hemodialysis-dependent Subjects With Anemia Associated With Chronic Kidney Disease Completed NCT01587924 Phase 2 GSK1278863;rhEPO
27 Study to Investigate the Effects of Orteronel on the QT/QTc Interval in Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Completed NCT01549951 Phase 2 Orteronel+Prednisone
28 Adenosine as an Adjunct to Blood Cardioplegia Recruiting NCT02681913 Phase 2 Adenosine
29 Trial to Evaluate the Effects of OPC-34712 on QT/QTc in Subjects With Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder Completed NCT01423916 Phase 1 OPC-34712 (4mg);Moxifloxacin;OPC-34712 (12mg);Placebo
30 Study to Assess the Effect of Macitentan on the Electrocardiogram (ECG) in Healthy Male and Female Subjects Completed NCT02050802 Phase 1 Moxifloxacin 400 mg;Macitentan 10 mg;Macitentan 30 mg
31 Management of Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Presence of Left Bundle Branch Block Unknown status NCT01494870 Not Applicable
32 HV Electrophysiology Study In Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Patients Unknown status NCT02659137
33 Selective Coronary Vein Sampling in Left Bundle Branch Block and CRT Unknown status NCT02396875 Not Applicable
34 Left Ventricular Function and Remodelling During Permanent Pacing Unknown status NCT00228241 Not Applicable
35 Effect of Bi-ventricular Pacing on Autonomous Nervous System Unknown status NCT00190138 Not Applicable
36 Prevalence of Chagas Disease in Immigrant Patients With Conduction Abnormalities on Electrocardiogram Unknown status NCT00453700 Not Applicable
37 High-sensitivity Troponin T in Acute Myocardial Infarction After Cardiac Valvular Surgery Unknown status NCT02518282
38 HELIox CardiOPlegia Trial During Cardiac surgERy Unknown status NCT02745951 Not Applicable
39 Evaluating Effects of a Left Bundle Branch Block Completed NCT00269659
40 Tailor-CRT: Better Application of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Completed NCT02326493 Not Applicable
41 QT Interval in Patients With Pacemaker Dependency Completed NCT01694550
42 Optimal Coronary Sinus Lead Implantation Using Intracardiac Impedography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Completed NCT01129635 Not Applicable
43 EP-Catheter Guided CS-Lead Implantation Completed NCT01922544
44 The Effect of Right Ventricular Pacing on Myocardial Oxidative Metabolism and Efficiency Completed NCT00704093 Not Applicable
45 Maximizing CRT Delivery by Using MultipolAr Coronary Sinus Lead FamiLy ACUITY® X4 - RALLY X4 Study Completed NCT02066467
46 The PLATINUM Clinical Trial to Assess the PROMUS Element Stent System for Treatment of De Novo Coronary Artery Lesions in Small Vessels Completed NCT01498692 Not Applicable
47 Leukocytes and Cardiovascular Perioperative Events-2 Completed NCT03105427
48 Prognosis of Patients With Compete Left Bundle Branch Block Recruiting NCT03096678
49 Ambulatory Electrocardiographic Monitoring for the Detection of High-Degree Atrio-Ventricular Block in Patients With New-onset PeRsistent LEft Bundle Branch Block After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation. The "MARE" Study Recruiting NCT02153307 Not Applicable
50 AdaptResponse Clinical Trial Recruiting NCT02205359 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Genetic Tests for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Genetic tests related to Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Left Bundle Branch Block 29

Anatomical Context for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock:

41
Heart, Testes, Prostate, Kidney, Skeletal Muscle, Bone, Brain

Publications for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Articles related to Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock:

(show top 50) (show all 120)
# Title Authors Year
1
A mutant HCN4 channel in a family with bradycardia, left bundle branch block, and left ventricular noncompaction. ( 29349559 )
2018
2
Managing chest pain in patients with concomitant left bundle-branch block. ( 28990972 )
2017
3
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and a left bundle branch block (LBBB) due to nitrofurantoin. ( 28536210 )
2017
4
Left bundle branch block: from cardiac mechanics to clinical and diagnostic challenges. ( 28444180 )
2017
5
[Changes in electrocardiographic parameters in children with complete left bundle branch block early after transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defect]. ( 28606233 )
2017
6
Aortic annulus to left coronary distance as a predictor for persistent left bundle branch block after TAVI. ( 27038099 )
2017
7
[Noninvasive Electrophysiological Mapping in Patients With Complete Left Bundle Branch Block and Different Modes of Biventricular Pacing]. ( 28762918 )
2017
8
Reversible left bundle branch block should be mentioned in cardiac resynchronization therapy; A clinical case report. ( 27752273 )
2016
9
[Left Bundle Branch Block in Unstable Angina. Mortality and Rate of Myocardial Infarction]. ( 28290858 )
2016
10
New-Onset Left Bundle Branch Block Induced by Transcutaneous Aortic Valve Implantation. ( 26742470 )
2016
11
Left Bundle Branch Block and Complete Heart Block Complicating Inferior Myocardial Infarction. ( 27411891 )
2016
12
Assessment of QT and JT Intervals in Patients With Left Bundle Branch Block. ( 26949694 )
2016
13
From left bundle branch block to Icelandic whales: the multiple perils of atrial fibrillation management in the elderly. ( 26319529 )
2016
14
Comparison of left ventricular torsion and strain with biventricular pacing in patients with underlying right bundle branch block versus those with left bundle branch block. ( 25779616 )
2015
15
A Wide Complex Left Bundle Branch Block Tachycardia in a Patient with Complete Right Bundle Branch Block: What is the Mechanism? ( 25777462 )
2015
16
Relation of New Permanent Right or Left Bundle Branch Block on Short- and Long-Term Mortality in Acute Myocardial Infarction Bundle Branch Block andA MyocardialA Infarction. ( 26253998 )
2015
17
Epidemiological and evolutionary characteristics of heart failure in patients with left bundle branch block - A Moroccan center-based study. ( 25544816 )
2015
18
Long-term outcome with cardiac resynchronization therapy in mild heart failure patients with left bundle branch block from US and Europe MADIT-CRT. ( 26216033 )
2015
19
Specificity for each of the 46 criteria of the Selvester QRS score for electrocardiographic myocardial scar sizing in left bundle branch block. ( 26265097 )
2015
20
Detailed analysis of ventricular activation sequences during right ventricular apical pacing and left bundle branch block and the potential implications for cardiac resynchronization therapy. ( 25285646 )
2015
21
Comparison of clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with left bundle branch block versus ST-elevation myocardial infarction referred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention. ( 25076359 )
2015
22
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in asymptomatic patients with connective tissue disease and recent onset left bundle branch block. ( 24331867 )
2014
23
Relationship between two-dimensional speckle-tracking septal strain and response to cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with left ventricular dysfunction and left bundle branch block: a prospective pilot study. ( 24513239 )
2014
24
A patient with lung squamous cell carcinoma presenting with severe cardiac dysfunction similar to dilated cardiomyopathy with left bundle branch block induced by myocardial metastasis. ( 25318802 )
2014
25
Novel dyssynchrony evaluation by M-mode imaging in left bundle branch block and the application to predict responses for cardiac resynchronization therapy. ( 24582308 )
2014
26
Cardiac memory during rather than after termination of left bundle branch block. ( 25172185 )
2014
27
QRS duration in left bundle branch block does not affect left ventricular twisting in chronic systolic heart failure. ( 25077412 )
2014
28
Left bundle branch block, atrioventricular block, torsade de pointes and long QT syndrome: is this too much for a rare cardiomyopathy? ( 23618687 )
2013
29
Left bundle branch block predicts better survival in women than men receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy: long-term follow-up of a81 145,000 patients. ( 24621876 )
2013
30
Is regadenoson an appropriate stressor for MPI in patients with left bundle branch block or pacemakers? ( 24132816 )
2013
31
Left bundle branch block without concordant ST changes is rarely associated with acute coronary occlusion. ( 22552171 )
2013
32
Left bundle branch block tachycardia in a case of dextrocardia: what is the mechanism? ( 24102917 )
2013
33
Intermittent left bundle branch block caused by coronary vasospasm. ( 23930243 )
2013
34
Left bundle branch block and suspected myocardial infarction: does chronicity of the branch block matter? ( 24222829 )
2013
35
Segmental myocardial velocities in dilated cardiomyopathy with and without left bundle branch block. ( 22987362 )
2013
36
Predictive factors and long-term clinical consequences of persistent left bundle branch block following transcatheter aortic valve implantation with a balloon-expandable valve. ( 23040577 )
2012
37
Bi-ventricular pacing improves pump function only with adequate myocardial perfusion in canine hearts with pseudo-left bundle branch block. ( 22715433 )
2012
38
Intermittent left bundle branch block. ( 23882376 )
2012
39
Rate dependent left bundle branch block: the pattern of myocardial perfusion SPECT. ( 22936510 )
2012
40
Cardiac resynchronization therapy for non-ischemic cardiomyopathy-immediate changes in QRS duration, with left bundle branch block pattern on electrocardiogram. ( 21823076 )
2011
41
Defining left bundle branch block in the era of cardiac resynchronization therapy. ( 21376930 )
2011
42
Left bundle branch block during pregnancy as a sign of imminent peripartum cardiomyopathy. ( 21228008 )
2011
43
Late complete left bundle branch block after transcatheter closure of a muscular ventricular septal defect. ( 20836201 )
2010
44
Ventricular dyssynchrony patterns in left bundle branch block, with and without heart failure. ( 20234808 )
2010
45
The relationship between intermittent left bundle-branch block and slow coronary flow in a patient presenting with acute coronary syndrome. ( 20479640 )
2010
46
Concordant versus discordant left bundle branch block in heart failure patients: novel clinical value of an old electrocardiographic diagnosis. ( 20350699 )
2010
47
Left bundle branch block as an electrocardiographic pattern at presentation of patients with Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy. ( 19708132 )
2009
48
Isolated left bundle branch block mimicking outflow ventricular septal defect in a fetus. ( 19629576 )
2009
49
Cardiac left bundle branch block and pancytopenia in anorexia nervosa: higher risk with mirtazapine and pantoprazole? Case report. ( 19308886 )
2009
50
Left bundle branch block-type ventricular tachycardia originating from the left ventricular septum in a patient with cardiac sarcoidosis. ( 19621252 )
2009

Variations for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Expression for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock.

Pathways for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

GO Terms for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

Sources for Left Bundle Branch Hemiblock

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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