LEPRD
MCID: LPT006
MIFTS: 40

Leptin Receptor Deficiency (LEPRD)

Categories: Endocrine diseases, Genetic diseases, Metabolic diseases, Rare diseases, Reproductive diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

MalaCards integrated aliases for Leptin Receptor Deficiency:

Name: Leptin Receptor Deficiency 58 26 76 38 30 6 74
Obesity, Morbid, Due to Leptin Receptor Deficiency 58 26 13
Obesity Due to Leptin Receptor Gene Deficiency 26 60
Obesity, Morbid, Nonsyndromic 2 58 26
Morbid Obesity Due to Leptin Receptor Deficiency 76
Congenital Deficiency of the Leptin Receptor 26
Leptin Receptor-Related Monogenic Obesity 26
Non-Syndromic Morbid Obesity 2 76
Deficiency, Leptin Receptor 41
Leptin Receptor 13
Leprd 76

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

60
obesity due to leptin receptor gene deficiency
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive;

Classifications:



Summaries for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Genetics Home Reference : 26 Leptin receptor deficiency is a condition that causes severe obesity beginning in the first few months of life. Affected individuals are of normal weight at birth, but they are constantly hungry and quickly gain weight. The extreme hunger leads to chronic excessive eating (hyperphagia) and obesity. Beginning in early childhood, affected individuals develop abnormal eating behaviors such as fighting with other children over food, hoarding food, and eating in secret.

MalaCards based summary : Leptin Receptor Deficiency, also known as obesity, morbid, due to leptin receptor deficiency, is related to body mass index quantitative trait locus 11 and obesity due to congenital leptin deficiency. An important gene associated with Leptin Receptor Deficiency is LEPR (Leptin Receptor), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction and Adipocytokine signaling pathway. The drugs Hormones and alpha-MSH have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include t cells, hypothalamus and ovary, and related phenotypes are obesity and decreased serum leptin

OMIM : 58 Leptin receptor deficiency is characterized by severe early-onset obesity, major hyperphagia, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and neuroendocrine/metabolic dysfunction (summary by Dehghani et al., 2018). (614963)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 76 Leptin receptor deficiency: A rare disease characterized by normal levels of serum leptin, hyperphagia and severe obesity from an early age. Additional features include alterations in immune function, and delayed puberty due to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.

Wikipedia : 77 Leptin receptor also known as LEP-R or OB-R is a Type I cytokine receptor, a protein that in humans is... more...

Related Diseases for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Diseases related to Leptin Receptor Deficiency via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 162)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 body mass index quantitative trait locus 11 29.0 LEPR LEPROT
2 obesity due to congenital leptin deficiency 11.2
3 lung cancer 10.7
4 breast cancer 10.4
5 diabetes mellitus, noninsulin-dependent 10.2
6 retinoblastoma 10.2
7 polycystic ovary syndrome 10.1
8 leukemia 10.1
9 sleep apnea 10.1
10 body mass index quantitative trait locus 1 10.1
11 liver disease 10.1
12 nonalcoholic fatty liver disease 10.1
13 fatty liver disease 10.1
14 hepatocellular carcinoma 10.1
15 leukemia, acute lymphoblastic 10.1
16 lymphocytic leukemia 10.1
17 apnea, obstructive sleep 10.0
18 anorexia nervosa 10.0
19 growth hormone deficiency 10.0
20 hypertension, essential 10.0
21 ovarian cancer 10.0
22 scoliosis, isolated 1 10.0
23 insulin-like growth factor i 10.0
24 endometrial cancer 10.0
25 acute lymphoblastic leukemia, childhood 10.0
26 scoliosis 10.0
27 idiopathic scoliosis 10.0
28 pre-eclampsia 10.0
29 fatty liver disease, nonalcoholic 1 9.9
30 colorectal cancer 9.9
31 renal cell carcinoma, nonpapillary 9.9
32 pancreatic cancer 9.9
33 osteoarthritis 9.9
34 lymphoma 9.9
35 gestational diabetes 9.9
36 nephrotic syndrome 9.9
37 thyroid cancer 9.9
38 endometriosis 9.9
39 adenoma 9.9
40 rere-related disorders 9.9
41 multiple sclerosis 9.8
42 systemic lupus erythematosus 9.8
43 prostate cancer 9.8
44 rheumatoid arthritis 9.8
45 thyroid cancer, nonmedullary, 1 9.8
46 asthma 9.8
47 prostate cancer, hereditary, 8 9.8
48 body mass index quantitative trait locus 10 9.8
49 myocardial infarction 9.8
50 prostate cancer, hereditary, 6 9.8

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Leptin Receptor Deficiency:



Diseases related to Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Human phenotypes related to Leptin Receptor Deficiency:

60 33 (show all 27)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 obesity 60 33 obligate (100%) Obligate (100%) HP:0001513
2 decreased serum leptin 60 33 obligate (100%) Obligate (100%) HP:0003292
3 aggressive behavior 33 obligate (100%) HP:0000718
4 abnormal hypothalamus morphology 33 obligate (100%) HP:0012286
5 primary amenorrhea 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000786
6 hyperinsulinemia 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000842
7 hypergonadotropic hypogonadism 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000815
8 absence of secondary sex characteristics 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008187
9 decreased testicular size 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008734
10 gynecomastia 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000771
11 polyphagia 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002591
12 decreased serum estradiol 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008214
13 decreased t cell activation 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0005419
14 decreased testosterone in males 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008230
15 hypoplasia of the ovary 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008724
16 decreased proportion of cd4-positive t cells 33 hallmark (90%) HP:0005407
17 emotional lability 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000712
18 hypertriglyceridemia 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002155
19 recurrent upper respiratory tract infections 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002788
20 accelerated skeletal maturation 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0005616
21 insulin-resistant diabetes mellitus 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000831
22 orthostatic hypotension due to autonomic dysfunction 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0004926
23 pituitary hypothyroidism 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0008245
24 delayed puberty 33 HP:0000823
25 decreased number of cd4+ t cells 60 Very frequent (99-80%)
26 growth hormone deficiency 33 HP:0000824
27 immune dysregulation 33 HP:0002958

Clinical features from OMIM:

614963

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Leptin Receptor Deficiency:

47
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 adipose tissue MP:0005375 8.62 LEPR LEPROT

Drugs & Therapeutics for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Drugs for Leptin Receptor Deficiency (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):


# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Hormones Phase 3,Phase 2
2 alpha-MSH Phase 3,Phase 2 581-05-5
3 Hormone Antagonists Phase 3,Phase 2
4 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 3,Phase 2

Interventional clinical trials:


# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Setmelanotide for the Treatment of LEPR Deficiency Obesity Recruiting NCT03287960 Phase 3 setmelanotide;Placebo
2 Setmelanotide Phase 2 Treatment Trial in Patients With Rare Genetic Disorders of Obesity Recruiting NCT03013543 Phase 2, Phase 3 Setmelanotide

Search NIH Clinical Center for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Genetic Tests for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Genetic tests related to Leptin Receptor Deficiency:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Leptin Receptor Deficiency 30 LEPR

Anatomical Context for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Leptin Receptor Deficiency:

42
T Cells, Hypothalamus, Ovary, Pituitary, Brain

Publications for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Articles related to Leptin Receptor Deficiency:

(show all 16)
# Title Authors Year
1
Leptin receptor deficiency induces early, transient and hyperglycaemia-independent blood-brain barrier dysfunction. ( 30814586 )
2019
2
MC4R agonism promotes durable weight loss in patients with leptin receptor deficiency. ( 29736023 )
2018
3
Potential role of gender specific effect of leptin receptor deficiency in an extended consanguineous family with severe early-onset obesity. ( 29545012 )
2018
4
Rodent models of leptin receptor deficiency are less sensitive to amylin. ( 30133304 )
2018
5
Validity of leptin receptor-deficiency (db/db) type 2 diabetes mellitus mice as a model of secondary osteoporosis. ( 27283954 )
2016
6
The daidzein- and estradiol- induced anorectic action in CCK or leptin receptor deficiency rats. ( 25765851 )
2015
7
Leptin receptor deficiency confers resistance to behavioral effects of fluoxetine and desipramine via separable substrates. ( 25463972 )
2014
8
Increased central and peripheral inflammation and inflammatory hyperalgesia in Zucker rat model of leptin receptor deficiency and genetic obesity. ( 22523380 )
2012
9
Haematopoietic leptin receptor deficiency does not affect macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue or systemic insulin sensitivity. ( 22194312 )
2012
10
Neuropeptide Y and agouti-related peptide mediate complementary functions of hyperphagia and reduced energy expenditure in leptin receptor deficiency. ( 21285324 )
2011
11
The effect of leptin receptor deficiency and fasting on cannabinoid receptor 1 mRNA expression in the rat hypothalamus, brainstem and nodose ganglion. ( 19596404 )
2009
12
Leptin receptor deficiency is associated with upregulation of cannabinoid 1 receptors in limbic brain regions. ( 18563836 )
2008
13
Swim training improves leptin receptor deficiency-induced obesity and lipid disorder by activating uncoupling proteins. ( 17603293 )
2007
14
Indirect effects of leptin receptor deficiency on lymphocyte populations and immune response in db/db mice. ( 16920925 )
2006
15
Transgenic complementation of leptin receptor deficiency. II. Increased leptin receptor transgene dose effects on obesity/diabetes and fertility/lactation in lepr-db/db mice. ( 14600075 )
2004
16
Transgenic complementation of leptin-receptor deficiency. I. Rescue of the obesity/diabetes phenotype of LEPR-null mice expressing a LEPR-B transgene. ( 11272157 )
2001

Variations for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Leptin Receptor Deficiency:

6 (show top 50) (show all 72)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.668A> G (p.Gln223Arg) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1137101 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66058513: 66058513
2 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.668A> G (p.Gln223Arg) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1137101 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65592830: 65592830
3 LEPR LEPR, IVS16, G-A, +1 single nucleotide variant Pathogenic
4 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.326A> G (p.Lys109Arg) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1137100 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66036441: 66036441
5 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.326A> G (p.Lys109Arg) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1137100 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65570758: 65570758
6 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.1968G> C (p.Lys656Asn) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs1805094 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66075952: 66075952
7 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.1968G> C (p.Lys656Asn) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs1805094 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65610269: 65610269
8 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.3417A> G (p.Ala1139=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs61781316 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66102617: 66102617
9 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.3417A> G (p.Ala1139=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs61781316 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65636934: 65636934
10 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.-161C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs372078226 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65420676: 65420676
11 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.-161C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs372078226 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 65886359: 65886359
12 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.-120C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs189950527 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65420717: 65420717
13 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.-120C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs189950527 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 65886400: 65886400
14 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.-20-15A> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs116571599 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65565531: 65565531
15 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.-20-15A> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs116571599 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66031214: 66031214
16 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.921G> C (p.Gln307His) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs531183918 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65598731: 65598731
17 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.921G> C (p.Gln307His) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs531183918 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66064414: 66064414
18 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.1246C> T (p.His416Tyr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs144710810 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65601643: 65601643
19 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.1246C> T (p.His416Tyr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs144710810 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66067326: 66067326
20 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.2103C> T (p.Phe701=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs755504289 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65616115: 65616115
21 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.2103C> T (p.Phe701=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs755504289 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66081798: 66081798
22 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.3078T> C (p.Asn1026=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs34130975 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65636595: 65636595
23 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.3078T> C (p.Asn1026=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs34130975 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66102278: 66102278
24 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.3479T> C (p.Met1160Thr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs145685060 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65636996: 65636996
25 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.3479T> C (p.Met1160Thr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs145685060 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66102679: 66102679
26 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.*112T> C single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886046506 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65637127: 65637127
27 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.*112T> C single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886046506 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66102810: 66102810
28 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.371A> G (p.Asp124Gly) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs35573508 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65572326: 65572326
29 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.371A> G (p.Asp124Gly) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs35573508 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66038009: 66038009
30 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.536G> A (p.Gly179Asp) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs151190195 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65592698: 65592698
31 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.536G> A (p.Gly179Asp) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs151190195 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66058381: 66058381
32 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.1166G> A (p.Ser389Asn) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs780534740 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65601563: 65601563
33 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.1166G> A (p.Ser389Asn) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs780534740 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66067246: 66067246
34 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.2698A> G (p.Ile900Val) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs142647085 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65636215: 65636215
35 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.2698A> G (p.Ile900Val) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs142647085 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66101898: 66101898
36 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.3019A> T (p.Ser1007Cys) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs145651189 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65636536: 65636536
37 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.3019A> T (p.Ser1007Cys) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs145651189 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66102219: 66102219
38 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.3114A> G (p.Ile1038Met) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886046505 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65636631: 65636631
39 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.3114A> G (p.Ile1038Met) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886046505 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66102314: 66102314
40 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.*188A> C single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886046507 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65637203: 65637203
41 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.*188A> C single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886046507 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66102886: 66102886
42 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.*362_*363delCA deletion Benign rs10552268 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65637377: 65637378
43 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.*362_*363delCA deletion Benign rs10552268 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66103060: 66103061
44 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.*403T> C single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs375886561 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65637418: 65637418
45 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.*403T> C single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs375886561 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 66103101: 66103101
46 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.-122T> C single nucleotide variant Benign rs3790435 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65420715: 65420715
47 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.-122T> C single nucleotide variant Benign rs3790435 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 65886398: 65886398
48 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.-92C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs13306523 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65425307: 65425307
49 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.-92C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs13306523 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 65890990: 65890990
50 LEPR NM_002303.5(LEPR): c.666C> G (p.Phe222Leu) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886046503 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 65592828: 65592828

Expression for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Leptin Receptor Deficiency.

Pathways for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Pathways related to Leptin Receptor Deficiency according to KEGG:

38
# Name Kegg Source Accession
1 Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction hsa04080
2 Adipocytokine signaling pathway hsa04920
3 JAK-STAT signaling pathway hsa04630
4 AMPK signaling pathway hsa04152
5 Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction hsa04060

GO Terms for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

Sources for Leptin Receptor Deficiency

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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