MCID: MNT321
MIFTS: 23

Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

Categories: Genetic diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases, Mental diseases, Fetal diseases, Eye diseases, Cardiovascular diseases, Bone diseases, Metabolic diseases, Skin diseases, Gastrointestinal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

MalaCards integrated aliases for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37:

Name: Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37 57 75 29 6 73
Mrt37 57 75
Intellectual Disability-Hypotonia-Spasticity-Sleep Disorder Syndrome 59
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive, Type 37 40
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive, 37 57

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

59
intellectual disability-hypotonia-spasticity-sleep disorder syndrome
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: <1/1000000 (Worldwide); Age of onset: Childhood;

OMIM:

57
Inheritance:
autosomal recessive

Miscellaneous:
one family has been reported (last curated october 2013)


HPO:

32
mental retardation, autosomal recessive 37:
Inheritance autosomal recessive inheritance


Classifications:

Orphanet: 59  
Rare neurological diseases


Summaries for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 75 Mental retardation, autosomal recessive 37: A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRT37 patients manifest delayed global development with speech delay, hypotonia, spasticity, and a sleep disorder. Severe behavioral abnormalities include aggression, hyperactivity, and grinding of the teeth.

MalaCards based summary : Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37, is also known as mrt37, and has symptoms including muscle spasticity and sleep disturbances. An important gene associated with Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37 is ANK3 (Ankyrin 3). Affiliated tissues include brain, and related phenotypes are seizures and spasticity

Description from OMIM: 615493

Related Diseases for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

Diseases in the Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 20 family:

Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 2 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 5
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 22 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 14
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 7 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 15
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 16 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 18
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 10 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 11
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 31 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 29
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 27 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 33
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 30 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 19
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 23 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 24
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 25 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 28
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 13 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 18
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 19 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 35
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 36 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 21 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 38
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 39 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 40
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 41 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 23
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 42 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 43
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 24 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 26
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 27 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 44
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 45 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 29
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 30 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 46
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 31 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 47
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 32 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 48
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 49 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 33
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 34 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 35
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 36 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 38
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 50 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 39
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 40 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 51
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 52 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 53
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 41 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 42
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 43 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 54
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 55 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 44
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 56 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 57
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 58 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 59
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 60 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 45
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 46 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 47
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 48 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 49
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 61 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 50
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 51 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 52
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 53 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 54
Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 56 Autosomal Dominant Mental Retardation 55
Autosomal Dominant Mental Retardation 61

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

57
Muscle Soft Tissue:
hypotonia

Neurologic Behavioral Psychiatric Manifestations:
aggressive behavior
hyperactivity
teeth grinding

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
intellectual disability, moderate
spasticity
hypotonia
sleep disturbances
seizures (in 1 patient)


Clinical features from OMIM:

615493

Human phenotypes related to Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37:

32 (show all 7)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 seizures 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0001250
2 spasticity 32 HP:0001257
3 intellectual disability, moderate 32 HP:0002342
4 aggressive behavior 32 HP:0000718
5 hyperactivity 32 HP:0000752
6 generalized hypotonia 32 HP:0001290
7 bruxism 32 HP:0003763

UMLS symptoms related to Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37:


muscle spasticity, sleep disturbances

Drugs & Therapeutics for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

Genetic Tests for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

Genetic tests related to Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37 29 ANK3

Anatomical Context for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37:

41
Brain

Publications for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

Variations for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 ANK3 NM_020987.4(ANK3): c.10995delC (p.Thr3666Leufs) deletion Pathogenic rs879255535 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 61829644: 61829644
2 ANK3 NM_020987.4(ANK3): c.10995delC (p.Thr3666Leufs) deletion Pathogenic rs879255535 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 60069886: 60069886
3 ANK3 NM_020987.4(ANK3): c.2902G> C (p.Asp968His) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs730882195 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 60114271: 60114271
4 ANK3 NM_020987.4(ANK3): c.2902G> C (p.Asp968His) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs730882195 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 61874029: 61874029

Expression for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37.

Pathways for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

GO Terms for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

Sources for Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 37

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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