MCID: MLK006
MIFTS: 48

Milk Allergy

Categories: Gastrointestinal diseases, Immune diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Milk Allergy

MalaCards integrated aliases for Milk Allergy:

Name: Milk Allergy 12 15
Milk Hypersensitivity 44 73
Milk Allergic Reaction 12
Allergy Milk 55

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:4376
MeSH 44 D016269
UMLS 73 C0079840

Summaries for Milk Allergy

Disease Ontology : 12 A food allergy that results in adverse immune reaction to one or more of the proteins in cow's milk and/or the milk of other animals, which are normally harmless to the non-allergic individual.

MalaCards based summary : Milk Allergy, also known as milk hypersensitivity, is related to goat milk allergy and cow milk allergy. An important gene associated with Milk Allergy is RNASE3 (Ribonuclease A Family Member 3), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Allograft rejection and Th17 cell differentiation. The drugs Caseins and Chelating Agents have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include testes, small intestine and colon, and related phenotype is endocrine/exocrine gland.

Wikipedia : 76 Milk allergy is an adverse immune reaction to one or more proteins in cow''s milk. When allergy symptoms... more...

Related Diseases for Milk Allergy

Diseases related to Milk Allergy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 190)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 goat milk allergy 34.1 CSN1S1 LALBA
2 cow milk allergy 33.6 CD79A IL10 IL5 RNASE3
3 eosinophilic gastroenteritis 30.0 IL5 RNASE3
4 dermatitis, atopic 29.9 CSN1S1 IL10 IL4 IL5 RNASE3
5 celiac disease 1 29.8 CD79A IL10 LALBA
6 otitis media 29.8 CD79A IL10 IL4 RNASE3
7 sinusitis 29.7 IL5 RNASE3
8 asthma 29.7 IL10 IL4 IL5 RNASE3
9 egg allergy 29.6 IL4 IL5
10 gastroenteritis 29.5 IL10 IL4 IL5 RNASE3
11 rhinitis 29.4 IL4 IL5 RNASE3
12 tetanus 29.4 CD79A IL10 IL4 IL5
13 ige responsiveness, atopic 29.2 IL10 IL4 IL5 RNASE3
14 food allergy 29.1 CSN1S1 CSN3 IL10 IL4 IL5 RNASE3
15 skin disease 29.0 CD79A IL10 IL4 IL5 RNASE3
16 allergic hypersensitivity disease 28.9 CSN1S1 IL10 IL4 IL5 LALBA RNASE3
17 heiner syndrome 11.6
18 lactose intolerance 11.5
19 dermatitis 10.4
20 gastroesophageal reflux 10.3
21 enterocolitis 10.3
22 constipation 10.3
23 colitis 10.2
24 mycetoma 10.2 CSN1S1 IL10
25 trichuriasis 10.2 IL10 RNASE3
26 sporotrichosis 10.2 CD79A IL10
27 chronic graft versus host disease 10.2 CD79A IL10
28 clonorchiasis 10.2 CD79A IL10
29 anisakiasis 10.2 CD79A RNASE3
30 rickets 10.1
31 lipid-rich carcinoma 10.1 CSN2 LALBA
32 tuberculoid leprosy 10.1 IL10 TGFB2
33 tropical endomyocardial fibrosis 10.1 IL10 IL4
34 endomyocardial fibrosis 10.1 IL10 IL4
35 hyperlucent lung 10.1 IL10 IL4
36 tungiasis 10.1 IL10 IL4
37 retinitis pigmentosa 22 10.1 IL10 IL4
38 baylisascariasis 10.1 IL10 IL4
39 penicillin allergy 10.1 IL10 IL4
40 lipoid nephrosis 10.1 CD79A IL10
41 henoch-schoenlein purpura 10.1 CD79A RNASE3
42 beta-lactam allergy 10.1 IL10 IL4
43 blepharoconjunctivitis 10.1 IL4 RNASE3
44 autoimmune gastritis 10.1 IL10 IL4
45 giant papillary conjunctivitis 10.1 IL4 RNASE3
46 congenital hypogammaglobulinemia 10.1 CD79A IL4
47 diarrhea 10.1
48 buruli ulcer 10.1 IL10 IL4
49 bardet-biedl syndrome 15 10.1 IL10 IL4
50 primary systemic mycosis 10.1 IL10 IL4

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Milk Allergy:



Diseases related to Milk Allergy

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Milk Allergy

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Milk Allergy:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 endocrine/exocrine gland MP:0005379 9.1 CSN2 CSN3 IL10 IL4 LALBA TGFB2

Drugs & Therapeutics for Milk Allergy

Drugs for Milk Allergy (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 38)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Caseins Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable,Early Phase 1
2 Chelating Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable,Early Phase 1
3 Soy Bean Phase 4,Not Applicable
4
Omalizumab Approved, Investigational Phase 2,Early Phase 1 242138-07-4
5 Acidophilus Phase 2,Not Applicable
6 Vaccines Phase 2,Not Applicable
7 Antibodies, Monoclonal Phase 2
8 Anti-Asthmatic Agents Phase 2,Early Phase 1
9 Immunologic Factors Phase 2
10 Antibodies Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
11 Respiratory System Agents Phase 2,Early Phase 1
12 Immunoglobulins Phase 2,Phase 1,Not Applicable
13 Anti-Allergic Agents Phase 2,Early Phase 1
14 Immunoglobulin E Phase 1, Phase 2,Phase 2,Not Applicable
15 Whey Protein Phase 2,Not Applicable
16 Cassava Phase 1
17
Calcium Carbonate Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 471-34-1
18
Phytonadione Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 84-80-0 4812 5284607
19 tannic acid Approved Not Applicable
20
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 94-09-7, 1994-09-7 2337
21
Menadione Approved, Nutraceutical Not Applicable 58-27-5 4055
22 Calcium, Dietary Not Applicable
23 Complement System Proteins Not Applicable
24 Dermatologic Agents
25 Sulfalene Not Applicable
26 Bifidobacterium Not Applicable
27 Micronutrients Not Applicable
28 Menaquinone Not Applicable
29 Flax Not Applicable
30 Trace Elements Not Applicable
31 Vitamin K Not Applicable
32 Antifibrinolytic Agents Not Applicable
33 Vitamins Not Applicable
34 Coagulants Not Applicable
35 naphthoquinone Not Applicable
36 Vitamin K 2 Not Applicable
37 Vitamin MK 7 Not Applicable
38 Hemostatics Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 101)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Growth, Safety and Tolerance of a Rice Protein Hydrolysate Formula in Infants With Cow's Milk Protein Allergy Unknown status NCT02405923 Phase 4
2 Safety of Oral Immunotherapy for Cow's Milk Allergy in School-aged Children Completed NCT01361347 Phase 4
3 Basophil Activation Test (BAT) Sensitivity in Child Food Allergy Recruiting NCT01966640 Phase 4
4 Parmigiano-Reggiano Cheese as a Possible Strategy to Acquire Oral Tolerance in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02081651 Phase 3
5 Cow Milk Allergy: Evaluation of the Efficacy of a New Thickened Extensively Hydrolyzed Formula in Infants With Confirmed Cow Milk Allergy Completed NCT02351531 Phase 3
6 Evaluation of the Hypoallergenicity of an Extensively Hydrolyzed Formula Completed NCT02711163 Phase 3
7 Improving the Safety of Oral Immunotherapy for Cow's Milk Allergy Recruiting NCT02216175 Phase 2, Phase 3
8 Epigenetic Effects Elicited By Lactobacillus GG In Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02062476 Phase 2
9 Evaluation of the Efficacy of a New Infant Formula in Subjects With Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02149134 Phase 2
10 Study to Assess Hypoallergenicity of a New Amino-acid Based Infant Formula in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02414243 Phase 2
11 Efficacy and Safety of Viaskin Milk in Children With IgE-Mediated Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02223182 Phase 1, Phase 2
12 Therapeutic Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine on Food Allergy Unknown status NCT00602160 Phase 2 FAHF-2 (TM)
13 Milk ALLERGY ELIMINATION THROUGH NAET® (Nambudripad's Allergy Elimination Techniques). Completed NCT00328731 Phase 1, Phase 2
14 The Effect of Baked Milk on Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT02738060 Phase 2
15 OIT and Xolair® (Omalizumab) in Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT01157117 Phase 2 Milk powder
16 Study of Milk Allergy and Tolerance in Children Completed NCT00778258 Phase 2
17 A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Oral Milk Immunotherapy for Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT00465569 Phase 1, Phase 2 cow's milk powder
18 Free Amino Acid-based Formula to Treat Children Cow's Milk Protein Allergy Completed NCT02536482 Phase 2
19 The Safety and Efficacy of Sublingual/Oral Immunotherapy for the Treatment of Milk Protein Allergy Completed NCT00732654 Phase 1, Phase 2 Milk Protein Extract Immunotherapy goal of 4mg/day;Milk Protein Extract Immunotherapy goal of 7mg/day;Milk Powder Immunotherapy goal dose 2000 mg/day;Milk Powder Immunotherapy goal dose 1000mg/day
20 Tolerance of Infants With Cow's Milk Protein Allergy to Extensively Hydrolyzed Rice Protein or Casein Infant Formulas Completed NCT01909661 Phase 2
21 A Clinical Study to Investigate the Effects of an Infant Formula Containing Partially Hydrolysed Proteins on Growth, Safety and Tolerance in Healthy Term Infants Completed NCT03062761 Phase 2
22 Milk Patch for Eosinophilic Esophagitis Active, not recruiting NCT02579876 Phase 2 Viaskin Milk 500 mcg;Viaskin Placebo
23 Food Allergen OIT for Shrimp, Milk or Cashew Not yet recruiting NCT03504774 Phase 2
24 Impact of Infant Formula on Resolution of Cow's Milk Allergy Terminated NCT02719405 Phase 2
25 Baked Milk Oral Immunotherapy for Cow's Milk Allergy Enrolling by invitation NCT03462030 Phase 1 Baked non-fat cow's milk powder;Placebo: Tapioca Powder
26 Hypoallergenicity To Substitutive Formulas In Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Unknown status NCT02144428
27 Oral Tolerance in Cow’s Milk Allergy in the Infant Unknown status NCT00298376
28 Cow's Milk Allergy in Infants With Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) Unknown status NCT00659854 Not Applicable
29 Effect Of Lactobacillus GG on Atopic March Unknown status NCT01891916 Not Applicable
30 Nutrition in Children With Food Allergy Unknown status NCT01583907
31 Young Adults With Life Threatening Cow's Milk Allergy: Risks of Decrease Bone Mineralization and Methods of Calcium Supplementation Unknown status NCT01930266 Not Applicable
32 Use of Baked Milk in Oral Immunotherapy for Severe IgE-mediated Cow's Milk Protein Allergic Patients Unknown status NCT01968278 Not Applicable
33 Cow's Milk and Hen's Egg Hyposensitization in Adults Unknown status NCT02083471 Not Applicable
34 The Influence of Probiotics on the Immunologic Response to Vaccinations in Infants Unknown status NCT00645996 Not Applicable
35 Epigenetic Effects Involved in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy (EPICMA) Completed NCT02466035 Not Applicable
36 Prevention of Cow's Milk Allergy in Children Completed NCT00792090 Not Applicable
37 Effect of Therapy With Aminoacid Based Formula Versus Hydrolyzed Whey Proteins in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT02379598
38 Tolerance to a New Free Amino Acid-based Formula in Children With IgE or Non-IgE-mediated Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT01622426 Not Applicable
39 A Growth and Hypoallergenicity Study of a New Formula for Infants With Cow Milk Allergy Completed NCT00664768 Not Applicable
40 Cow's Milk Allergy and Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders Completed NCT01901380
41 Oral Immunotherapy in Cow's Milk Allergy (CMA) in Children : "Petit Lait" Study Completed NCT02465905 Not Applicable
42 Epigenetic Features of FoxP3 in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT02779881
43 Effects of Different Dietary Regimens on Tolerance Acquisition in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT01634490
44 An Interventional Study of Milk Allergy Completed NCT00578656 Early Phase 1
45 Camel's Milk as a Safe Alternative in Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT01223885 Not Applicable
46 Formula for Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT02317952 Not Applicable
47 Tolerability and Safety of An Infant Formula Completed NCT00938483 Not Applicable
48 Specific Oral Tolerance Induction to Cow's Milk Allergy Completed NCT01199484 Not Applicable
49 Polymerized Beta-lactoglobulin Comparative Immunoreactivity Completed NCT01589731
50 Isomil Post Marketing Observational Study Completed NCT01809951

Search NIH Clinical Center for Milk Allergy

Cochrane evidence based reviews: milk hypersensitivity

Genetic Tests for Milk Allergy

Anatomical Context for Milk Allergy

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Milk Allergy:

41
Testes, Small Intestine, Colon, T Cells, Skin, B Cells, Bone

Publications for Milk Allergy

Articles related to Milk Allergy:

(show top 50) (show all 766)
# Title Authors Year
1
Necrotizing enterocolitis in the setting of milk allergy after pediatric living donor liver transplantation. ( 29218832 )
2018
2
Nutritional management of cow's milk allergy in children: An update. ( 29576253 )
2018
3
The global impact of the DRACMA guidelines cow's milk allergy clinical practice. ( 29308116 )
2018
4
A Case of Work-Related Donkey Milk Allergy. ( 29939141 )
2018
5
Brazilian artisanal ripened cheeses as sources of proteolytic lactic acid bacteria capable of reducing cow milk allergy. ( 29654625 )
2018
6
Correction to: Better recognition, diagnosis and management of non-IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy in infancy: iMAP-an international interpretation of the MAP (Milk Allergy in Primary Care) guideline. ( 29416848 )
2018
7
Elevated serum adipsin may predict unsuccessful treatment for cows' milk allergy but other biomarkers do not. ( 29028118 )
2018
8
Tolerability and palatability of donkey's milk in children with cow's milk allergy. ( 29392769 )
2018
9
CD300c co-stimulates IgE-mediated basophils activation and its expression is increased in cowA's milk allergy. ( 29906528 )
2018
10
Children with cow's milk allergy following an elimination diet had normal growth but relatively low plasma leptin at age two. ( 29461665 )
2018
11
Shift from IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy to food protein induced enterocolitis syndrome in two infants. ( 29444343 )
2018
12
Component resolved diagnostic study of cow's milk allergy in infants and young children in northern China. ( 29859469 )
2018
13
Hypoallergenic casein hydrolysate for peptide-based oral immunotherapy in cow's milk allergy. ( 29704594 )
2018
14
Randomized Trial of a Yogurt-type Amino Acid-based Formula in Infants and Children With Severe Cow's Milk Allergy. ( 29095347 )
2018
15
Iberian consensus on cow's milk allergy: The CIBAL Study. ( 29477244 )
2018
16
Predictors of Persistent Milk Allergy in Children: A Retrospective Cohort Study. ( 29393170 )
2018
17
Bodybuilding protein supplements and cow's milk allergy in adult. ( 29350021 )
2018
18
Basophil activation test in a case report of cow's milk allergy may reveal a non-IgE mediated mechanism. ( 29369413 )
2018
19
Precision medicine in cow's milk allergy: proteomics perspectives from allergens to patients. ( 29408543 )
2018
20
PLGA nanoparticles loaded with beta-lactoglobulin-derived peptides modulate mucosal immunity and may facilitate cow's milk allergy prevention. ( 29079360 )
2018
21
Early-life gut microbiome and cow's milk allergy- a prospective case - control 6-month follow-up study. ( 30108435 )
2018
22
Author Correction: Oral immunotherapy combined with omalizumab for high-risk cow's milk allergy: a randomized controlled trial. ( 30127456 )
2018
23
Gut microbiota composition and butyrate production in children affected by non-IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy. ( 30131575 )
2018
24
Camel's milk allergy. ( 30153889 )
2018
25
Palatability of Hypoallergenic Formulas for Cow's Milk Allergy and Healthcare Professional Recommendation. ( 30192414 )
2018
26
A Structured Gradual Exposure Protocol to Baked and Heated Milk in the Treatment of Milk Allergy. ( 30270168 )
2018
27
Oral exposure to the free amino acid glycine inhibits the acute allergic response in a model of cow's milk allergy in mice. ( 30340819 )
2018
28
Independent predictive factors for the persistence and tolerance of cow's milk allergy. ( 30376614 )
2018
29
Early risk factors for cow's milk allergy in children in the first year of life. ( 30401328 )
2018
30
Cow's Milk-related Symptom Score as a predictive tool for cow's milk allergy in Indian children aged 0-24 months. ( 30402403 )
2018
31
The Basophil Activation Test reduces the need for a food challenge test in children suspected of IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy. ( 30408255 )
2018
32
Natural history of immunoglobulin E-mediated cow's milk allergy in a population of Argentine children. ( 28737860 )
2017
33
Oral immunotherapy combined with omalizumab for high-risk cow's milk allergy: a randomized controlled trial. ( 29234055 )
2017
34
Evidence that eating baked egg or milk influences egg or milk allergy resolution: a systematic review. ( 28516451 )
2017
35
Evidence for Involvement of IL-9 and IL-22 in Cows' Milk Allergy in Infants. ( 28934137 )
2017
36
Mechanistic correlates of clinical responses to omalizumab in the setting of oral immunotherapy for milk allergy. ( 28414061 )
2017
37
Prevention and Management of Cow's Milk Allergy in Non-Exclusively Breastfed Infants. ( 28698533 )
2017
38
The Efficacy of Oral Immunotherapy in Patients with Cow's Milk Allergy. ( 28732431 )
2017
39
Gastrointestinal Symptoms of Food Challenge-Proven Non-Ige Cow's Milk Allergy are Dissipated by Early School Age. ( 28922259 )
2017
40
Immunotherapy for cow's milk allergy. ( 28825866 )
2017
41
Is a slow-progression baked milk protocol of oral immunotherapy always a safe option for children with cow's milk allergy? A randomized controlled trial. ( 28875570 )
2017
42
Preventive effects of royal jelly against anaphylactic response in a murine model of cow's milk allergy. ( 28982287 )
2017
43
Altered miR-193a-5p expression in children with cow's milk allergy. ( 28857182 )
2017
44
Lactose intolerance and gastrointestinal cow's milk allergy in infants and children - common misconceptions revisited. ( 29270244 )
2017
45
Improved Efficacy of Oral Immunotherapy Using Non-Digestible Oligosaccharides in a Murine Cow's Milk Allergy Model: A Potential Role for Foxp3+ Regulatory T Cells. ( 29033945 )
2017
46
Anaphylactic shock with methylprednisolone sodium succinate in a child with short bowel syndrome and cow's milk allergy. ( 29149860 )
2017
47
Prognostic accuracy of clinical signs and diagnostic tests in cow's milk allergy in newborns. ( 28416249 )
2017
48
Oral Food Desensitization in Children With IgE-Mediated Cow's Milk Allergy: Immunological Changes Underlying Desensitization. ( 27826960 )
2017
49
Accuracy of serum IgE concentrations and papule diameter in the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy. ( 28963879 )
2017
50
Long-term outcomes following baked milk-containing diet for IgE-mediated milk allergy. ( 28583481 )
2017

Variations for Milk Allergy

Expression for Milk Allergy

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Milk Allergy.

Pathways for Milk Allergy

Pathways related to Milk Allergy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 19)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
12.59 IL10 IL4 IL5 RNASE3
2
Show member pathways
12.32 IL10 IL4 IL5 TGFB2
3
Show member pathways
12.16 IL10 IL4 IL5
4
Show member pathways
11.98 IL10 IL4 TGFB2
5
Show member pathways
11.97 IL10 IL4 IL5 TGFB2
6
Show member pathways
11.81 IL10 IL4 IL5 TGFB2
7 11.52 CSN2 IL4 IL5
8 11.48 IL10 IL4 IL5
9 11.4 IL10 IL4 TGFB2
10 11.3 IL10 IL4 IL5
11 11.24 IL10 TGFB2
12 11.1 IL10 IL4 IL5
13 11.09 IL4 IL5
14 11.06 IL4 IL5
15 10.99 CD79A IL10 IL4 IL5
16 10.93 IL10 IL4 IL5
17 10.79 IL10 IL4 IL5
18 10.71 IL10 IL4 IL5 TGFB2
19 10.55 IL10 IL4 IL5

GO Terms for Milk Allergy

Cellular components related to Milk Allergy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.61 CSN1S1 CSN2 CSN3 IL10 IL4 IL5
2 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.28 CSN1S1 CSN2 CSN3 IL10 IL4 IL5

Biological processes related to Milk Allergy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 14)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 defense response to bacterium GO:0042742 9.7 IL10 LALBA RNASE3
2 regulation of signaling receptor activity GO:0010469 9.67 IL10 IL4 IL5 TGFB2
3 lactation GO:0007595 9.54 CSN2 CSN3
4 positive regulation of B cell proliferation GO:0030890 9.51 IL4 IL5
5 negative regulation of endothelial cell apoptotic process GO:2000352 9.49 IL10 IL4
6 response to progesterone GO:0032570 9.48 CSN1S1 TGFB2
7 B cell proliferation GO:0042100 9.46 CD79A IL10
8 B cell activation GO:0042113 9.43 CD79A IL4
9 B cell differentiation GO:0030183 9.43 CD79A IL10 IL4
10 positive regulation of pri-miRNA transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:1902895 9.4 IL10 TGFB2
11 positive regulation of MHC class II biosynthetic process GO:0045348 9.32 IL10 IL4
12 regulation of isotype switching GO:0045191 9.16 IL10 IL4
13 type 2 immune response GO:0042092 8.96 IL10 IL4
14 regulation of complement-dependent cytotoxicity GO:1903659 8.62 IL10 TGFB2

Molecular functions related to Milk Allergy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine activity GO:0005125 9.26 IL10 IL4 IL5 TGFB2
2 growth factor activity GO:0008083 8.92 IL10 IL4 IL5 TGFB2

Sources for Milk Allergy

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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