MCID: MTC062
MIFTS: 24

Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

Categories: Genetic diseases, Neuronal diseases, Metabolic diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

MalaCards integrated aliases for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2:

Name: Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2 57 12 75 29 13 6 73
Mtdps2 57 75
Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2 Myopathic Type 75
Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome, Myopathic Form 59
Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Myopathy, Tk2-Related 57
Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Myopathy Tk2-Related 75
Myopathic Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 75
Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome, Type 2 40
Mtdna Depletion Syndrome, Myopathic Form 59

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

59
mitochondrial dna depletion syndrome, myopathic form
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: <1/1000000 (Worldwide); Age of onset: Infancy,Neonatal;

OMIM:

57
Inheritance:
autosomal recessive

Miscellaneous:
variable severity
progressive disorder
later onset has been reported
onset usually by age 2 years


HPO:

32
mitochondrial dna depletion syndrome 2:
Onset and clinical course variable expressivity phenotypic variability infantile onset progressive
Inheritance autosomal recessive inheritance


Classifications:



Summaries for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

OMIM : 57 Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome-2 is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized primarily by childhood onset of muscle weakness associated with depletion of mtDNA in skeletal muscle. There is wide clinical variability; some patients have onset in infancy and show a rapidly progressive course with early death due to respiratory failure, whereas others have later childhood onset of a slowly progressive myopathy (Oskoui et al., 2006). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of autosomal recessive mtDNA depletion syndromes, see MTDPS1 (603041). (609560)

MalaCards based summary : Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2, also known as mtdps2, is related to tk2-related mitochondrial dna depletion syndrome, myopathic form. An important gene associated with Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2 is TK2 (Thymidine Kinase 2, Mitochondrial). Affiliated tissues include skeletal muscle, and related phenotypes are hearing impairment and irritability

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 75 Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 2: A disorder due to mitochondrial dysfunction characterized by childhood onset of muscle weakness associated with depletion of mtDNA in skeletal muscle. There is wide clinical variability; some patients have onset in infancy and show a rapidly progressive course with early death due to respiratory failure, whereas others have later onset of a slowly progressive myopathy.

Related Diseases for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

Diseases related to Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2 via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 tk2-related mitochondrial dna depletion syndrome, myopathic form 11.4

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

57
Laboratory Abnormalities:
aminoaciduria
increased serum creatine kinase

Muscle Soft Tissue:
inability to walk
limb muscle weakness
loss of ability to walk in early childhood
gowers sign
hypotonia
more
Head And Neck Face:
facial diplegia

Respiratory:
respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness

Metabolic Features:
lactic acidosis


Clinical features from OMIM:

609560

Human phenotypes related to Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2:

32 (show all 22)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 hearing impairment 32 HP:0000365
2 irritability 32 HP:0000737
3 seizures 32 HP:0001250
4 muscular hypotonia 32 HP:0001252
5 generalized hypotonia 32 HP:0001290
6 facial diplegia 32 HP:0001349
7 cerebral atrophy 32 HP:0002059
8 abnormality of the basal ganglia 32 HP:0002134
9 delayed gross motor development 32 HP:0002194
10 respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness 32 HP:0002747
11 lactic acidosis 32 HP:0003128
12 ragged-red muscle fibers 32 HP:0003200
13 elevated serum creatine phosphokinase 32 HP:0003236
14 aminoaciduria 32 HP:0003355
15 gowers sign 32 HP:0003391
16 emg 32 HP:0003458
17 limb muscle weakness 32 HP:0003690
18 generalized amyotrophy 32 HP:0003700
19 intellectual disability, progressive 32 HP:0006887
20 loss of ability to walk in early childhood 32 HP:0008945
21 decreased activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain 32 HP:0008972
22 depletion of mitochondrial dna in muscle tissue 32 HP:0009141

Drugs & Therapeutics for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

Genetic Tests for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

Genetic tests related to Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2 29 TK2

Anatomical Context for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2:

41
Skeletal Muscle

Publications for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

Articles related to Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2:

# Title Authors Year
1
TK2-Related Mitochondrial DNA Depletion Syndrome, Myopathic Form ( 23230576 )
1993

Variations for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2:

75
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 TK2 p.Ile53Met VAR_019419 rs137854432
2 TK2 p.Thr108Met VAR_019420 rs137854431
3 TK2 p.His121Asn VAR_019421 rs137854429
4 TK2 p.Ile212Asn VAR_019422 rs137854430
5 TK2 p.Thr64Met VAR_023790 rs281865487
6 TK2 p.Arg183Trp VAR_023791 rs137886900
7 TK2 p.Arg192Lys VAR_023792 rs281865496
8 TK2 p.Met117Val VAR_072789
9 TK2 p.Ala139Val VAR_072790 rs281865494

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2:

6
(show top 50) (show all 66)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.361C> A (p.His121Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137854429 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66565297: 66565297
2 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.361C> A (p.His121Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137854429 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66531394: 66531394
3 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.635T> A (p.Ile212Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137854430 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66547698: 66547698
4 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.635T> A (p.Ile212Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137854430 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66513795: 66513795
5 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.323C> T (p.Thr108Met) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137854431 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66565335: 66565335
6 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.323C> T (p.Thr108Met) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137854431 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66531432: 66531432
7 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.159C> G (p.Ile53Met) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137854432 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66575854: 66575854
8 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.159C> G (p.Ile53Met) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137854432 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66541951: 66541951
9 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.389G> A (p.Arg130Gln) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865492 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66562957: 66562957
10 TK2 NM_004614.4: c.-270+2561delins;7287-7335inv insertion Pathogenic
11 TK2 NM_001040138.2(CKLF): c.-7863_-2035delinsoAC010542.7: g.65062_65110 indel Pathogenic GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66578756: 66584584
12 TK2 NM_001040138.2(CKLF): c.-7863_-2035delinsoAC010542.7: g.65062_65110 indel Pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66544853: 66550681
13 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.129_132delAGAA (p.Lys43Asnfs) deletion Pathogenic rs281865500 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66582905: 66582908
14 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.129_132delAGAA (p.Lys43Asnfs) deletion Pathogenic rs281865500 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66549002: 66549005
15 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.133C> T (p.Gln45Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865486 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66582904: 66582904
16 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.133C> T (p.Gln45Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865486 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66549001: 66549001
17 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.142dupG (p.Glu48Glyfs) duplication Pathogenic rs281865503 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66582895: 66582895
18 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.142dupG (p.Glu48Glyfs) duplication Pathogenic rs281865503 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66548992: 66548992
19 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.150dupA (p.Ser51Ilefs) duplication Pathogenic rs281865504 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66582887: 66582887
20 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.150dupA (p.Ser51Ilefs) duplication Pathogenic rs281865504 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66548984: 66548984
21 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.156+2T> C single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865499 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66582879: 66582879
22 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.156+2T> C single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865499 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66548976: 66548976
23 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.173A> G (p.Asn58Ser) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs138439950 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66575840: 66575840
24 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.173A> G (p.Asn58Ser) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs138439950 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66541937: 66541937
25 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.191C> T (p.Thr64Met) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865487 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66575822: 66575822
26 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.191C> T (p.Thr64Met) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865487 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66541919: 66541919
27 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.198C> G (p.Cys66Trp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865488 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66575815: 66575815
28 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.198C> G (p.Cys66Trp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865488 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66541912: 66541912
29 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.218_219dupCG (p.Thr74Argfs) duplication Pathogenic rs281865505 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66575794: 66575795
30 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.218_219dupCG (p.Thr74Argfs) duplication Pathogenic rs281865505 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66541891: 66541892
31 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.268C> T (p.Arg90Cys) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs281865489 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66570884: 66570884
32 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.268C> T (p.Arg90Cys) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs281865489 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66536981: 66536981
33 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.278A> G (p.Asn93Ser) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs142291440 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66570874: 66570874
34 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.278A> G (p.Asn93Ser) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs142291440 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66536971: 66536971
35 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.334T> A (p.Tyr112Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865490 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66565324: 66565324
36 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.334T> A (p.Tyr112Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865490 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66531421: 66531421
37 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.335_336dupAT (p.Val113Metfs) duplication Pathogenic rs281865506 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66565322: 66565323
38 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.335_336dupAT (p.Val113Metfs) duplication Pathogenic rs281865506 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66531419: 66531420
39 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.360_361delGCinsAA (p.His121Asn) indel Pathogenic rs281865507 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66565297: 66565298
40 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.360_361delGCinsAA (p.His121Asn) indel Pathogenic rs281865507 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66531394: 66531395
41 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.373C> T (p.Gln125Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865491 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66565285: 66565285
42 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.373C> T (p.Gln125Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865491 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66531382: 66531382
43 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.388C> T (p.Arg130Trp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865493 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66562958: 66562958
44 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.388C> T (p.Arg130Trp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865493 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66529055: 66529055
45 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.389G> A (p.Arg130Gln) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281865492 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66529054: 66529054
46 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.416C> T (p.Ala139Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic rs281865494 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66562930: 66562930
47 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.416C> T (p.Ala139Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic rs281865494 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66529027: 66529027
48 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.547C> G (p.Arg183Gly) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137886900 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66551110: 66551110
49 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.547C> G (p.Arg183Gly) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137886900 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 66517207: 66517207
50 TK2 NM_004614.4(TK2): c.547C> T (p.Arg183Trp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137886900 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 66551110: 66551110

Expression for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2.

Pathways for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

GO Terms for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

Sources for Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 2

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