MCID: MNC002
MIFTS: 29

Munchausen by Proxy

Categories: Mental diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Munchausen by Proxy

MalaCards integrated aliases for Munchausen by Proxy:

Name: Munchausen by Proxy 12 15
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy 74 20
Münchausen Syndrome by Proxy 74
Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome 20

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0060045

Summaries for Munchausen by Proxy

Disease Ontology : 12 A factitious disorder that involves a care giver's deliberate exaggeration, fabrication, and/or induce physical, psychological, behavioral, and/or mental health problems in others.

MalaCards based summary : Munchausen by Proxy, also known as munchausen syndrome by proxy, is related to factitious disorder and insulinoma. An important gene associated with Munchausen by Proxy is GCK (Glucokinase), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Aldosterone synthesis and secretion and Potassium Channels. Affiliated tissues include brain and kidney.

Wikipedia : 74 Factitious disorder imposed on another (FDIA), also known as Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSbP), is a... more...

Related Diseases for Munchausen by Proxy

Diseases related to Munchausen by Proxy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 126)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 factitious disorder 30.4 KCNJ11 GCK ABCC8
2 insulinoma 29.9 GCK ABCC8
3 maturity-onset diabetes of the young 29.6 KCNJ11 GCK ABCC8
4 hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia 29.5 KCNJ11 GCK ABCC8
5 hypoglycemia 29.5 KCNJ11 GCK ABCC8
6 hyperinsulinism 29.4 KCNJ11 GCK ABCC8
7 body mass index quantitative trait locus 11 29.0 KCNJ11 GCK ABCC8
8 cystic fibrosis 10.2
9 congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform erythroderma and limb defects 10.2
10 cyanosis, transient neonatal 10.2
11 cardiac arrest 10.2
12 physical disorder 10.2
13 status epilepticus 10.2
14 tremor 10.2
15 diarrhea 10.2
16 seizure disorder 10.2
17 osteomyelitis 10.1
18 esophagitis 10.1
19 sleep disorder 10.1
20 atrial standstill 1 10.1
21 intussusception 10.1
22 otitis media 10.1
23 myeloma, multiple 10.1
24 abnormal hair, joint laxity, and developmental delay 10.1
25 ataxia and polyneuropathy, adult-onset 10.1
26 body mass index quantitative trait locus 9 10.1
27 body mass index quantitative trait locus 8 10.1
28 body mass index quantitative trait locus 4 10.1
29 body mass index quantitative trait locus 10 10.1
30 body mass index quantitative trait locus 7 10.1
31 hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 5 10.1
32 hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 4 10.1
33 body mass index quantitative trait locus 12 10.1
34 body mass index quantitative trait locus 14 10.1
35 myelodysplastic syndrome 10.1
36 body mass index quantitative trait locus 18 10.1
37 ataxia, combined cerebellar and peripheral, with hearing loss and diabetes mellitus 10.1
38 global developmental delay, absent or hypoplastic corpus callosum, and dysmorphic facies 10.1
39 body mass index quantitative trait locus 19 10.1
40 proteinuria, chronic benign 10.1
41 urinary tract infection 10.1
42 sensorineural hearing loss 10.1
43 parotitis 10.1
44 borderline personality disorder 10.1
45 cholesteatoma of middle ear 10.1
46 suppurative otitis media 10.1
47 conduct disorder 10.1
48 acute cystitis 10.1
49 somatization disorder 10.1
50 chronic purulent otitis media 10.1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Munchausen by Proxy:



Diseases related to Munchausen by Proxy

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Munchausen by Proxy

Drugs & Therapeutics for Munchausen by Proxy

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Munchausen by Proxy

Genetic Tests for Munchausen by Proxy

Anatomical Context for Munchausen by Proxy

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Munchausen by Proxy:

40
Brain, Kidney

Publications for Munchausen by Proxy

Articles related to Munchausen by Proxy:

(show top 50) (show all 450)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Medical Child Abuse Hidden in Pediatric Settings: Detection and Intervention. 61
31602528 2020
2
Fabricated or induced illness: From "Munchausen by proxy" to child and family-oriented action. 61
32805620 2020
3
Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP): a review regarding perpetrators of factitious disorder imposed on another (FDIA). 61
32772954 2020
4
Psychological Treatment of Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another/Munchausen by Proxy Abuse. 61
31089919 2020
5
Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome Associated with Fecal Contamination: A Case Report. 61
32978957 2020
6
Factitious Disorder Presented by Haematemesis / Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another (FDIA): A Case Report. 61
32594502 2020
7
Evaluation and Management of Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another. 61
31612305 2019
8
Unexplained destructive nasal lesions in half-brothers: A possible case of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. 61
31077906 2019
9
Fabricated or induced illness in twins associated with insertion of trocar needles into their bodies. 61
29882486 2019
10
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. 61
31334086 2019
11
Munchausen by proxy syndrome mimicking childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus. 61
30616452 2019
12
[Structured interviewing of children in suspected child endangerment cases: The German version of the revised NICHD Investigative Interview Protocol]. 61
30421289 2018
13
[Interviewing children in cases of suspected child endangerment: pitfalls and quality assurance]. 61
30421288 2018
14
Cutaneous Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: A Diagnostic Challenge for Dermatologist. 61
30505786 2018
15
An Overview of Munchausen Syndrome and Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. 61
30100003 2018
16
Munchausen by Proxy: A Qualitative Investigation into Online Perceptions of Medical Child Abuse. 61
28766877 2018
17
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: balancing ethical and clinical challenges for healthcare professionals Ethical consideration in factitious disorders. 61
29938745 2018
18
Obesity as a Presentation of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. 61
28419362 2018
19
Building Bridges between Clinical and Forensic Toxicology Laboratories. 61
29745329 2018
20
Don't Judge a Book by Its Cover: Factitious Disorder Imposed on Children-Report on 2 Cases. 61
29721488 2018
21
Munchausen syndrome by proxy and pediatric nephrology. 61
28606407 2017
22
Munchausen syndrome and Munchausen syndrome by proxy: a narrative review. 61
29364370 2017
23
The perpetrators of medical child abuse (Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy) - A systematic review of 796 cases. 61
28750264 2017
24
A Serial Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. 61
29200568 2017
25
Medical Child Abuse (Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy): Multidisciplinary Approach from a Pediatric Gastroenterology Perspective. 61
28374307 2017
26
Munchausen by proxy syndrome mimicking systemic autoinflammatory disease: case report and review of the literature. 61
28381287 2017
27
[Mixed Munchausen Syndrome with organic comorbidity]. 61
29522637 2017
28
Munchausen syndrome by proxy-illness fabricated by another in older people. 61
27856413 2017
29
Factitious Disorder Presenting with Stuttering in Two Adolescents: The Importance of Psychoeducation. 61
28566966 2017
30
[Apparent life threatening events in infants]. 61
30512856 2017
31
Alimemazine poisoning as evidence of Munchausen syndrome by proxy: A pediatric case report. 61
27567044 2016
32
The first investigative science-based evidence of Morgellons psychogenesis. 61
27269255 2016
33
Munchausen by proxy by internet and pets. 61
27339928 2016
34
Attempted Serial Neonaticides: Case Report and a Brief Review of the Literature. 61
26259153 2016
35
A Rare Reason of Hyperinsulinism: Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. 61
27221098 2016
36
Genetic differentials of child abuse: Is your case rare or real? 61
26513547 2015
37
Acute kidney injury in a child: A case of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. 61
26586073 2015
38
Think Again: First Do No Harm: A Case of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. 61
25856657 2015
39
[Munchausen by proxy syndrome]. 61
26372976 2015
40
Caregiver-fabricated illness in a child. 61
25900681 2015
41
Munchausen syndrome by adult proxy: a review of the literature. 61
25274180 2015
42
Munchausen syndrome by proxy: an alarming face of child abuse. 61
25722520 2015
43
[Attachment Quality of Young Children with Mentally Ill Parents on the Example of the Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome]. 61
26509970 2015
44
Malingering-by-proxy: need for child protection and guidance for reporting. 61
25236718 2014
45
Munchausen syndrome and Munchausen syndrome by proxy in dermatology. 61
24613506 2014
46
Munchausen syndrome by proxy presenting as hearing loss. 61
24849842 2014
47
Munchausen syndrome by proxy. 61
24848404 2014
48
Early recognition and management of fabricated or induced illness in children. 61
24612863 2014
49
Idiopathic recurrent stupor: Munchausen by proxy and medical litigation. 61
24470710 2014
50
Foamy discharge on the scalp of the infant: munchausen syndrome by proxy. 61
24082223 2013

Variations for Munchausen by Proxy

Expression for Munchausen by Proxy

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Munchausen by Proxy.

Pathways for Munchausen by Proxy

Pathways related to Munchausen by Proxy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
12.31 KCNJ11 GCK ABCC8
2
Show member pathways
11.6 KCNJ11 ABCC8
3
Show member pathways
11.46 KCNJ11 ABCC8
4
Show member pathways
11.21 MPI GCK
5
Show member pathways
11.11 KCNJ11 GCK ABCC8
6 11 KCNJ11 ABCC8
7 10.87 KCNJ11 ABCC8
8 10.44 KCNJ11 GCK ABCC8

GO Terms for Munchausen by Proxy

Cellular components related to Munchausen by Proxy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 sarcolemma GO:0042383 8.96 KCNJ11 ABCC8
2 inward rectifying potassium channel GO:0008282 8.62 KCNJ11 ABCC8

Biological processes related to Munchausen by Proxy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 potassium ion transport GO:0006813 9.4 ABCC8 KCNJ11
2 potassium ion transmembrane transport GO:0071805 9.37 ABCC8 KCNJ11
3 glucose metabolic process GO:0006006 9.32 GCK KCNJ11
4 negative regulation of insulin secretion GO:0046676 9.26 ABCC8 KCNJ11
5 cellular glucose homeostasis GO:0001678 9.16 ABCC8 GCK
6 inorganic cation transmembrane transport GO:0098662 8.96 ABCC8 KCNJ11
7 regulation of insulin secretion GO:0050796 8.8 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11

Molecular functions related to Munchausen by Proxy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 ion channel binding GO:0044325 9.16 KCNJ11 ABCC8
2 cation-transporting ATPase activity GO:0019829 8.96 KCNJ11 ABCC8
3 ATP-activated inward rectifier potassium channel activity GO:0015272 8.62 KCNJ11 ABCC8

Sources for Munchausen by Proxy

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
20 GARD
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 05-Mar-2021)
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 TGDB
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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