MCID: MNC002
MIFTS: 34

Munchausen by Proxy

Categories: Mental diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Munchausen by Proxy

MalaCards integrated aliases for Munchausen by Proxy:

Name: Munchausen by Proxy 12 15
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy 76 53
M´┐Żnchausen Syndrome by Proxy 76
Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome 53

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0060045

Summaries for Munchausen by Proxy

Disease Ontology : 12 A factitious disorder that involves a care giver's deliberate exaggeration, fabrication, and/or induce physical, psychological, behavioral, and/or mental health problems in others.

MalaCards based summary : Munchausen by Proxy, also known as munchausen syndrome by proxy, is related to hypoglycemia and diabetes mellitus. An important gene associated with Munchausen by Proxy is ALX3 (ALX Homeobox 3), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds and Aldosterone synthesis and secretion. Affiliated tissues include brain, kidney and pancreas, and related phenotype is endocrine/exocrine gland.

Wikipedia : 76 Factitious disorder imposed on another (FDIA or FDIoA), also known as Munchausen syndrome by proxy... more...

Related Diseases for Munchausen by Proxy

Diseases related to Munchausen by Proxy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 44)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hypoglycemia 29.6 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
2 diabetes mellitus 29.6 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
3 hyperinsulinism 29.5 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
4 epilepsy 10.2
5 factitious disorder 10.2
6 cystic fibrosis 10.1
7 myeloma, multiple 10.1
8 congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform erythroderma and limb defects 10.1
9 asthma 10.1
10 ataxia, combined cerebellar and peripheral, with hearing loss and diabetes mellitus 10.1
11 somatization disorder 10.1
12 gaucher's disease 10.1
13 conjunctivitis 10.1
14 celiac disease 1 10.0
15 sudden infant death syndrome 10.0
16 granuloma annulare 10.0
17 cicatricial pemphigoid 10.0
18 idiopathic recurrent stupor 10.0
19 pancreas disease 9.9 ABCC8 KCNJ11
20 cardiomyopathy, dilated, 1o 9.9 ABCC8 KCNJ11
21 epiphyseal dysplasia, multiple, with early-onset diabetes mellitus 9.9 ABCC8 KCNJ11
22 acute insulin response 9.9 ABCC8 KCNJ11
23 cantu syndrome 9.9 ABCC8 KCNJ11
24 usher syndrome, type ic 9.9 ABCC8 KCNJ11
25 maturity-onset diabetes of the young, type 14 9.9 ABCC8 GCK
26 thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome 9.8 ABCC8 KCNJ11
27 hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 3 9.8 ABCC8 GCK
28 diabetes mellitus, transient neonatal, 1 9.8 ABCC8 KCNJ11
29 seizures, sensorineural deafness, ataxia, mental retardation, and electrolyte imbalance 9.8 ABCC8 KCNJ11
30 gestational diabetes 9.8 GCK KCNJ11
31 insulinoma 9.7 ABCC8 GCK
32 maturity-onset diabetes of the young, type 1 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
33 maturity-onset diabetes of the young 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
34 maturity-onset diabetes of the young, type 13 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
35 endocrine pancreas disease 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
36 pancreatic agenesis 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
37 monogenic diabetes 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
38 hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
39 diabetes mellitus, permanent neonatal 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
40 glucose metabolism disease 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
41 neonatal diabetes mellitus 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
42 acquired metabolic disease 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
43 hyperglycemia 9.7 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
44 diabetes mellitus, noninsulin-dependent 9.6 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Munchausen by Proxy:



Diseases related to Munchausen by Proxy

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Munchausen by Proxy

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Munchausen by Proxy:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 endocrine/exocrine gland MP:0005379 8.92 ABCC8 ALX3 GCK KCNJ11

Drugs & Therapeutics for Munchausen by Proxy

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Munchausen by Proxy

Genetic Tests for Munchausen by Proxy

Anatomical Context for Munchausen by Proxy

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Munchausen by Proxy:

41
Brain, Kidney, Pancreas

Publications for Munchausen by Proxy

Articles related to Munchausen by Proxy:

(show top 50) (show all 322)
# Title Authors Year
1
Obesity as a Presentation of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. ( 28419362 )
2018
2
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: balancing ethical and clinical challenges for healthcare professionals Ethical consideration in factitious disorders. ( 29938745 )
2018
3
An Overview of Munchausen Syndrome and Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. ( 30100003 )
2018
4
Cutaneous Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: A Diagnostic Challenge for Dermatologist. ( 30505786 )
2018
5
Munchausen by Proxy: A Qualitative Investigation into Online Perceptions of Medical Child Abuse. ( 28766877 )
2017
6
Munchausen by proxy syndrome mimicking systemic autoinflammatory disease: case report and review of the literature. ( 28381287 )
2017
7
Munchausen syndrome by proxy-illness fabricated by another in older people. ( 27856413 )
2017
8
Medical Child Abuse (Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy): Multidisciplinary Approach from a Pediatric Gastroenterology Perspective. ( 28374307 )
2017
9
Munchausen syndrome by proxy and pediatric nephrology. ( 28606407 )
2017
10
The perpetrators of medical child abuse (Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy) - A systematic review of 796 cases. ( 28750264 )
2017
11
A Serial Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. ( 29200568 )
2017
12
Munchausen syndrome and Munchausen syndrome by proxy: a narrative review. ( 29364370 )
2017
13
A Rare Reason of Hyperinsulinism: Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. ( 27221098 )
2016
14
Munchausen by proxy by internet and pets. ( 27339928 )
2016
15
Alimemazine poisoning as evidence of Munchausen syndrome by proxy: A pediatric case report. ( 27567044 )
2016
16
Munchausen syndrome by proxy: an alarming face of child abuse. ( 25722520 )
2015
17
MÜNCHAUSEN SYNDROME BY PROXY: THE OVERLOOKED DIAGNOSIS. ( 26411148 )
2015
18
Acute kidney injury in a child: A case of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. ( 26586073 )
2015
19
Idiopathic recurrent stupor: Munchausen by proxy and medical litigation. ( 24470710 )
2014
20
Munchausen syndrome and Munchausen syndrome by proxy in dermatology. ( 24613506 )
2014
21
Munchausen syndrome by proxy. ( 24848404 )
2014
22
Munchausen syndrome by proxy presenting as hearing loss. ( 24849842 )
2014
23
A review of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. ( 23556520 )
2013
24
Foamy discharge on the scalp of the infant: munchausen syndrome by proxy. ( 24082223 )
2013
25
Munchausen syndrome by proxy presented as recurrent respiratory arrest and thigh abscess: a case study and overview. ( 24217085 )
2013
26
Munchausen by proxy in a family. ( 23075648 )
2012
27
Munchausen syndrome by proxy: an adult dyad. ( 22560647 )
2012
28
The role of nonperpetrating fathers in Munchausen syndrome by proxy: a review of the literature. ( 22703679 )
2012
29
Toxicological evaluation of two children diagnosed as Munchausen syndrome by proxy. ( 23094539 )
2012
30
An unusual case of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. ( 23372250 )
2012
31
Munchausen by proxy by Internet. ( 22074757 )
2011
32
A case with unexplained bleeding from multiple sites: munchausen syndrome by proxy. ( 21736476 )
2011
33
Munchausen syndrome by proxy in Mexican children: medical, social, psychological and legal aspects. ( 21888289 )
2011
34
Severe hypernatremia in a hospitalized child: munchausen by proxy. ( 20837306 )
2010
35
Anemia and neutropenic fever with high dose diazoxide treatment in a case with hyperinsulinism due to Munchausen by proxy. ( 20857844 )
2010
36
'Munchausen syndrome by proxy' presenting as battered child syndrome: a report of two cases. ( 20618475 )
2010
37
Pediatric condition falsification (Munchausen syndrome by Proxy) as a continuum of maternal factitious disorder (Munchausen syndrome). ( 20149125 )
2010
38
Munchausen by proxy: the dark side of parental investment theory? ( 20627598 )
2010
39
Munchausen syndrome by proxy mimicking as Gaucher disease. ( 20039062 )
2010
40
Caustic ingestion as a manifestation of fabricated and induced illness (Munchausen syndrome by proxy). ( 20627297 )
2010
41
Munchausen syndrome by proxy: ongoing clinical challenges. ( 20639771 )
2010
42
Monsters in the closet: Munchausen syndrome by proxy. ( 21123232 )
2010
43
Ultraorthodox Jews riot in Israel after mother arrested for Munchausen by proxy. ( 19617261 )
2009
44
Beyond Munchausen by proxy: a proposed conceptualization for cases of recurring, unsubstantiated sexual abuse allegations. ( 19306207 )
2009
45
"Munchausen syndrome by proxy": problems and possibilities. ( 19214814 )
2009
46
Recurrent caustic esophagitis: a clinical form of Münchausen syndrome by proxy. ( 19464734 )
2009
47
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: a pediatrician's observations. ( 19630451 )
2009
48
Munchausen syndrome by proxy. ( 19797487 )
2009
49
Further thoughts on "Beyond Munchausen by proxy: identification and treatment of child abuse in a medical setting". ( 18245436 )
2008
50
Expect the unexpected: favourable outcome in Munchausen by proxy syndrome. ( 17987314 )
2008

Variations for Munchausen by Proxy

Expression for Munchausen by Proxy

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Munchausen by Proxy.

Pathways for Munchausen by Proxy

Pathways related to Munchausen by Proxy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
12.76 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
2
Show member pathways
12.01 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
3
Show member pathways
11.79 ABCC8 KCNJ11
4
Show member pathways
11.57 ABCC8 KCNJ11
5
Show member pathways
11.43 ABCC8 KCNJ11
6
Show member pathways
11.11 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11
7 11.07 ABCC8 KCNJ11
8 10.97 ABCC8 KCNJ11
9 10.44 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11

GO Terms for Munchausen by Proxy

Cellular components related to Munchausen by Proxy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 sarcolemma GO:0042383 8.96 ABCC8 KCNJ11
2 inward rectifying potassium channel GO:0008282 8.62 ABCC8 KCNJ11

Biological processes related to Munchausen by Proxy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 potassium ion transport GO:0006813 9.37 ABCC8 KCNJ11
2 potassium ion transmembrane transport GO:0071805 9.32 ABCC8 KCNJ11
3 glucose metabolic process GO:0006006 9.26 GCK KCNJ11
4 negative regulation of insulin secretion GO:0046676 9.16 ABCC8 KCNJ11
5 cellular glucose homeostasis GO:0001678 8.96 ABCC8 GCK
6 regulation of insulin secretion GO:0050796 8.8 ABCC8 GCK KCNJ11

Molecular functions related to Munchausen by Proxy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 ion channel binding GO:0044325 8.96 ABCC8 KCNJ11
2 ATP-activated inward rectifier potassium channel activity GO:0015272 8.62 ABCC8 KCNJ11

Sources for Munchausen by Proxy

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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