MCID: NNT012
MIFTS: 52

Neonatal Jaundice

Categories: Fetal diseases, Skin diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Neonatal Jaundice

Summaries for Neonatal Jaundice

Disease Ontology : 12 A pigmentation disease characterized by a high level of bilirubin in the blood, causing a yellowing of the skin and other tissues of a newborn infant.

MalaCards based summary : Neonatal Jaundice, also known as hyperbilirubinemia, neonatal, is related to kernicterus and pyruvate kinase deficiency of red cells, and has symptoms including icterus and newborn physiological jaundice. An important gene associated with Neonatal Jaundice is G6PD (Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Glucose / Energy Metabolism and Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism. The drugs leucovorin and Pyrimethamine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include skin, eye and liver.

Wikipedia : 76 Neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the white part of the eyes and skin in a newborn baby... more...

Related Diseases for Neonatal Jaundice

Diseases related to Neonatal Jaundice via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 80)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 kernicterus 32.6 G6PD UGT1A1
2 pyruvate kinase deficiency of red cells 32.2 G6PD PKLR
3 bilirubin metabolic disorder 31.0 G6PD HMOX1 NR1I3 SLCO1B1 UGT1A1
4 glucosephosphate dehydrogenase deficiency 30.1 G6PD SLCO1B1 UGT1A1
5 gilbert syndrome 29.9 G6PD SLCO1B1 UGT1A1
6 cholestasis 29.7 NR1I3 SLCO1B1 UTP4
7 hereditary spherocytosis 29.6 G6PD PKLR SPTA1 UGT1A1
8 stomatin-deficient cryohydrocytosis with neurologic defects 11.1
9 bamforth syndrome 11.1
10 bile acid synthesis defect, congenital, 4 11.0
11 niemann-pick disease, type c1 11.0
12 sialuria 11.0
13 anemia, nonspherocytic hemolytic, due to g6pd deficiency 11.0
14 immunodeficiency 47 11.0
15 north american indian childhood cirrhosis 11.0
16 bile acid synthesis defect, congenital, 1 11.0
17 alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency 11.0
18 peroxisome biogenesis disorder 10b 11.0
19 hyperbilirubinemia, transient familial neonatal 10.5
20 congenital nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia 10.2 G6PD PKLR
21 irinotecan toxicity 10.1 SLCO1B1 UGT1A1
22 plasmodium vivax malaria 10.1 G6PD IL6
23 biliary atresia 10.1
24 arteriovenous fistula 10.1 HMOX1 IL6
25 autism 10.0
26 cystic fibrosis 10.0
27 toxoplasmosis 10.0
28 encephalopathy 10.0
29 congenital hemolytic anemia 9.9 G6PD PKLR SPTA1
30 hemolytic anemia 9.9 G6PD PKLR SPTA1
31 senile cataract 9.9 G6PD GSTM1
32 ischemic optic neuropathy 9.9 G6PD GSTM1
33 liver disease 9.9
34 acute cystitis 9.9
35 athetosis 9.9
36 cytomegalic inclusion disease 9.9
37 asbestosis 9.9 GSTM1 IL6
38 cleidocranial dysplasia 9.8
39 alpha-thalassemia 9.8
40 glutathione peroxidase deficiency 9.8
41 leukemia 9.8
42 epilepsy 9.8
43 dermatitis 9.8
44 hyperthyroxinemia 9.8
45 childhood leukemia 9.8
46 brainstem auditory evoked responses 9.8
47 seizure disorder 9.8
48 febrile seizures 9.8
49 malaria 9.8 G6PD HMOX1 IL6 PKLR
50 pneumoconiosis 9.8 GSTM1 IL6

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Neonatal Jaundice:



Diseases related to Neonatal Jaundice

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Neonatal Jaundice

UMLS symptoms related to Neonatal Jaundice:


icterus, newborn physiological jaundice

Drugs & Therapeutics for Neonatal Jaundice

Drugs for Neonatal Jaundice (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 73)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
leucovorin Approved Phase 4 58-05-9 6006 143
2
Pyrimethamine Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 58-14-0 4993
3
Sulfadoxine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 2447-57-6 17134
4
Folic Acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 59-30-3 6037
5 Mydriatics Phase 4
6 Parasympatholytics Phase 4
7 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4
8 Cholinergic Agents Phase 4
9 Cholinergic Antagonists Phase 4
10 Autonomic Agents Phase 4
11 Scopolamine hydrobromide Phase 4 114-49-8
12 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4
13 Anesthetics Phase 4
14 Adjuvants, Anesthesia Phase 4
15 Butylscopolammonium Bromide Phase 4
16 Muscarinic Antagonists Phase 4
17 Bromides Phase 4
18 Anticonvulsants Phase 4
19 Antiprotozoal Agents Phase 4
20 Folic Acid Antagonists Phase 4
21 Renal Agents Phase 4
22 Folate Phase 4
23 Vitamin B9 Phase 4
24 Antiparasitic Agents Phase 4
25 Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary Phase 4
26 Antimalarials Phase 4
27 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 4,Phase 2
28 Vitamin B Complex Phase 4
29 Fanasil, pyrimethamine drug combination Phase 4
30
Metformin Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 657-24-9 14219 4091
31
Zinc Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3,Phase 1,Not Applicable 7440-66-6
32
Oxytocin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 50-56-6 439302 53477758
33
Tranexamic Acid Approved Phase 3 1197-18-8 5526
34 Hypoglycemic Agents Phase 2, Phase 3,Not Applicable
35 Insulin, Globin Zinc Phase 2, Phase 3,Not Applicable
36 insulin Phase 2, Phase 3,Not Applicable
37 Tin mesoporphyrin Phase 3,Phase 2
38
Tin Phase 3,Phase 2 7440-31-5
39 Antifibrinolytic Agents Phase 3
40 Coagulants Phase 3
41 Oxytocics Phase 3
42 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 3,Not Applicable
43 Hemostatics Phase 3
44
Ceftriaxone Approved Phase 2 73384-59-5 5479530 5361919
45
Bilirubin Phase 1, Phase 2,Not Applicable 635-65-4 5280352
46 Protective Agents Phase 1, Phase 2,Not Applicable
47 Micronutrients Phase 1, Phase 2
48 Antioxidants Phase 1, Phase 2,Not Applicable
49 Trace Elements Phase 1, Phase 2
50 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 2

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 52)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Safety Study of Hyoscine N Butyl Bromide in Active Management of Labor Completed NCT02098889 Phase 4 hyoscine-N-butyl bromide(HBB);Saline
2 Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in HIV-Seropositive Pregnant Women in Zambia Completed NCT00270530 Phase 4 Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (Fansidar)
3 Metformin Treatment in Gestational Diabetes and Noninsulin Dependent Diabetes in Pregnancy in a Developing Country Unknown status NCT01855763 Phase 2, Phase 3 Metformin;Insulin
4 Efficacy and Safety of Stannsoporfin in Neonates Completed NCT02685137 Phase 3 stannsoporfin
5 Efficacy and Safety of Probiotics in Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia Recruiting NCT03266913 Phase 3 Probiotic
6 Efficacy of Tranexamic Acid in Preventing Postpartum Haemorrhage After Elective Caesarean Section Recruiting NCT03463993 Phase 3 Tranexamic Acid;Oxytocin
7 Treatment of Neonatal Jaundice With Filtered Sunlight Phototherapy: Safety and Efficacy in African Neonates Completed NCT01434810 Phase 1, Phase 2
8 Efficacy of Zinc in Reducing Hyperbilirubinemia Among High Risk Neonates - A Double Blind Randomized Trial Completed NCT00692224 Phase 1, Phase 2 zinc gluconate;placebo
9 Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Two Doses of Stannsoporfin in Combination With Phototherapy in Neonates With Hyperbilirubinemia Completed NCT01887327 Phase 2 stannsoporfin;Placebo
10 Filtered Sunlight Phototherapy to Treat Significant Jaundice: Safety and Efficacy in Neonates Completed NCT02612727 Phase 1, Phase 2
11 Effect of Timing of Umbilical Cord Clamping on Haematological and Clinical Outcomes of Infants Completed NCT01081977 Phase 2
12 Ceftriaxone and Jaundice in Neonates Recruiting NCT03133637 Phase 2 ceftriaxone
13 Resting State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study of Jaundice Infants Before and After Light Treatment. Unknown status NCT02224586
14 Measurement of Carboxyhemoglobin by Gas Chromatography as an Index of Hemolysis Unknown status NCT00917007
15 Cycled Phototherapy: A Safer Effective Treatment for Small Premature Infants? Unknown status NCT01944696 Not Applicable
16 Effect of Umbilical Cord Milking on Iron Related Health Outcomes for Cesarean-Delivered Infants Unknown status NCT02892461 Not Applicable
17 Neonatal Jaundice: Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Mothers and Medical Trainees and Providers in and Around Ogbomosho Completed NCT03306004
18 Implementation of a Transcutaneous Bilirubinometer Completed NCT01622699 Not Applicable
19 Comparison Between Turquoise and Blue Light in Treatment of Neonatal Jaundice Using Light Emission Diodes Completed NCT02154165 Not Applicable
20 Effectiveness, Safety and Perceptions With the Use of One LED Sleeping Bag Device in the Treatment of Neonatal Jaundice Completed NCT03570775 Not Applicable
21 Implementation of a Clinical Decision Rule for Treatment of Neonatal Jaundice in the Emergency Department Completed NCT02446951
22 Transcutaneous Screening for Risk of Severe Hyperbilirubinemia in South African Newborns Completed NCT02613676 Not Applicable
23 Effectiveness, Safety and Perceptions With the Use of One LED Blanket Device in the Ambulatory Treatment of Jaundice Completed NCT03569254 Not Applicable
24 BEST ABCs: Benefits and Effectiveness of Support Offered Through A Breastfeeding Clinic Study Completed NCT02043119 Not Applicable
25 The Risk of Hyperbilirubinemia in Term Newborns After Placental Transfusion Completed NCT02625688 Not Applicable
26 Does Maternal Instruction Prevent Kernicterus in Nigeria? Completed NCT02713464 Not Applicable
27 Transcutaneous Measurement of Jaundice in the Newborn Completed NCT01169740
28 Clinical and Developmental Outcomes of Babies Who Became Yellow in the First Month of Life Completed NCT02927093
29 The Relation Between Vitamin D and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Completed NCT03665974
30 Polygen Defi-Alpha: Genetic Polymorphisms Study in Children With Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Included in the DEFI-ALPHA Cohort Completed NCT01862211 Not Applicable
31 Glycerin Suppositories to Reduce Jaundice in Premature Infants Completed NCT01746511 Not Applicable glycerin suppository
32 Effects of Probiotics on Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia Completed NCT02807246 Not Applicable
33 Determining Prevalence of Acute Bilirubin Encephalopathy in Developing Countries Completed NCT01754688
34 Transcutaneous Bilirubinometers in the Community Completed NCT00735319 Not Applicable
35 Evaluating the Effects of SMS Text Messaging Support System Among Frontline Health Workers in Ghana Completed NCT02468310 Not Applicable
36 Glyburide and Metformin for the Treatment of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Systematic Review Completed NCT01998113 Glyburide vs Insulin trials;Metformin vs Insulin trials;Metformin vs Glyburide trials
37 Umbilical Cord Milking on the Reduction of Red Blood Cell Transfusion Rates in Infants Completed NCT01523769 Not Applicable
38 A Trial of the Irradiance Level of Phototherapy for Neonatal Jaundice Recruiting NCT03055481 Not Applicable
39 Comparison of the Efficacy of Phototherapy Using Blue LED's With Wavelength 478 vs. 459 nm. Recruiting NCT03183986 Not Applicable
40 Evaluation of a Smartphone Based Optical Diagnostic Tool for Neonatal Jaundice Recruiting NCT03007563 Not Applicable
41 Unbound Bilirubin Levels in Healthy Term and Late Preterm Infants Recruiting NCT03237715
42 The Prevalence of CTX Disorder in Juvenile Cataract Cases in Turkey Recruiting NCT03584893
43 Intrapartum Glucose and Insulin Compared to Glucose Alone in Diabetic Women Recruiting NCT03273881 Not Applicable glucose solution and Insulin;glucose solution only
44 Group Versus Traditional Prenatal Care for Diabetes Recruiting NCT03301792 Not Applicable
45 Blood Pressure, Antihypertensive Treatment and Preeclampsia in Pregnant Wom-en With Pre-existing Diabetes Recruiting NCT02890836 Antihypertensiva, mainly Metyldopa
46 Understanding Neonatal Jaundice in Rwanda Active, not recruiting NCT03184948 Not Applicable
47 Study on Newborn Babies With a Yellow Skin Color (Neonatal Jaundice Study) Active, not recruiting NCT02361788
48 Efficacy Study of the Draeger Jaundice Meter (JM-105) in Neonates of ≥ 24 Weeks of Gestational Age Active, not recruiting NCT02774434 Not Applicable
49 Effect of Timing of Umbilical Cord Clamping on Anaemia at 8 and 12 Months and Later Neurodevelopment Active, not recruiting NCT02222805 Not Applicable
50 Diabetes Mellitus With Pregnancy in Benisuef Localities Enrolling by invitation NCT03169205

Search NIH Clinical Center for Neonatal Jaundice

Cochrane evidence based reviews: jaundice, neonatal

Genetic Tests for Neonatal Jaundice

Anatomical Context for Neonatal Jaundice

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Neonatal Jaundice:

41
Skin, Eye, Liver, Bone, Breast, Brain, Testes

Publications for Neonatal Jaundice

Articles related to Neonatal Jaundice:

(show top 50) (show all 798)
# Title Authors Year
1
Direct bilirubin levels observed in prolonged neonatal jaundice: a retrospective cohort study. ( 29637188 )
2018
2
Neonatal Jaundice: Improved Quality and Cost Savings After Implementation of a Standard Pathway. ( 29467276 )
2018
3
Where do we stand in the field of neonatal jaundice? Commentary on the 2017 J. Donald Ostrow Trieste Yellow Retreat. ( 29718006 )
2018
4
Knowledge Level and Determinants of Neonatal Jaundice: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Effutu Municipality of Ghana. ( 29686715 )
2018
5
The Turkish Neonatal Jaundice Online Registry: A national root cause analysis. ( 29474382 )
2018
6
The Contribution of Neonatal Jaundice to Global Child Mortality: Findings From the GBD 2016 Study. ( 29305393 )
2018
7
The prevalence of neonatal jaundice and risk factors in healthy term neonates at National District Hospital in Bloemfontein. ( 29781686 )
2018
8
Outcomes of neonatal jaundice in Taiwan. ( 29472193 )
2018
9
Clinical and biochemical characteristics of infants with prolonged neonatal jaundice. ( 29807952 )
2018
10
Yinzhihuang oral liquid combined with phototherapy for neonatal jaundice: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. ( 30055615 )
2018
11
Optimal Thermal Control with Sufficient Nutrition May Reduce the Incidence of Neonatal Jaundice by Preventing Body-Weight Loss Among Non-Low Birth Weight Infants Not Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. ( 30134245 )
2018
12
Risk Factors Associated with Neonatal Jaundice: A Cross-Sectional Study from Iran. ( 30159062 )
2018
13
Sunlight phototherapy for neonatal jaundice-time for its day in the sun? ( 30170895 )
2018
14
Meconium microbiome associates with the development of neonatal jaundice. ( 30237489 )
2018
15
Does Urinary Tract Ultrasound Have Its Place in the Treatment of Early Neonatal Jaundice? Neonatal Bilateral Adrenal Hemorrhage: Case Report. ( 30256026 )
2018
16
Corrigendum to "Filtered sunlight, solar powered phototherapy and other strategies for managing neonatal jaundice in low-resource settings" [Early Hum. Dev. 114 (2017 Nov) 11-15]. ( 30292531 )
2018
17
A comparison of the effectiveness of three LED phototherapy machines, single- and double-sided, for treating neonatal jaundice in a low resource setting. ( 30308024 )
2018
18
Hereditary stomatocytosis: an unusual cause of severe neonatal jaundice. ( 30310921 )
2018
19
Maternal risk factors for neonatal jaundice: a hospital-based cross-sectional study in Tehran. ( 30344979 )
2018
20
Uniform national guidelines do not prevent wide variations in the clinical application of phototherapy for neonatal jaundice. ( 29119594 )
2017
21
Filtered sunlight, solar powered phototherapy and other strategies for managing neonatal jaundice in low-resource settings. ( 28919246 )
2017
22
Use of a Smartphone App to Assess Neonatal Jaundice. ( 28842403 )
2017
23
The lowering of bilirubin levels in patients with neonatal jaundice using massage therapy: A randomized, double-blind clinical trial. ( 28688960 )
2017
24
Ocular findings on follow-up in children who received phototherapy for neonatal jaundice. ( 28919296 )
2017
25
Point-of-care device to diagnose and monitor neonatal jaundice in low-resource settings. ( 29203650 )
2017
26
The influence of zinc sulfate on neonatal jaundice: a systematic review and meta-analysis. ( 28372469 )
2017
27
Burden of severe neonatal jaundice: a systematic review and meta-analysis. ( 29637134 )
2017
28
Neonatal jaundice: aetiology, diagnosis and treatment. ( 29240507 )
2017
29
Effectiveness of transcutaneous bilirubin measurement in managing neonatal jaundice in postnatal ward of a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. ( 29637112 )
2017
30
Probiotics Supplementation Therapy for Pathological Neonatal Jaundice: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. ( 28713275 )
2017
31
Nursing Diagnosis of Neonatal Jaundice: Study of Clinical Indicators. ( 29248302 )
2017
32
Clinical practices among healthcare professionals concerning neonatal jaundice and pale stools. ( 28083674 )
2017
33
Maternal detection of neonatal jaundice during birth hospitalization using a novel two-color icterometer. ( 28837635 )
2017
34
Neonatal jaundice: more than a number. ( 28343534 )
2017
35
Phototherapy is commonly used for neonatal jaundice but greater control is needed to avoid toxicity in the most vulnerable infants. ( 29119603 )
2017
36
Primary health workers' knowledge and practices relating to neonatal jaundice in Ibadan, Nigeria. ( 28155287 )
2017
37
Association Between Early Idiopathic Neonatal Jaundice and Urinary Tract Infections. ( 28469520 )
2017
38
Correspondence: Hordeum Vulgare in Neonatal Jaundice. ( 28969234 )
2017
39
Sensitivity, Specificity, and Accuracy of Kramer Examination of Neonatal Jaundice: Comparison with Total Bilirubin Serum. ( 29166181 )
2017
40
Umbilical cord bilirubin as a predictor of neonatal jaundice: a retrospective cohort study. ( 28931391 )
2017
41
Yinzhihuang oral liquid in the treatment of neonatal jaundice: a meta-analysis. ( 27937684 )
2017
42
The Association of Breastfeeding Practices with Neonatal Jaundice. ( 29911780 )
2017
43
Prolonged neonatal jaundice and urinary tract infection. ( 27989001 )
2016
44
Phototherapy for the Treatment of Neonatal Jaundice and Breastfeeding Duration and Exclusivity. ( 27057645 )
2016
45
Neonatal Jaundice in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Lessons and Future Directions from the 2015 Don Ostrow Trieste Yellow Retreat. ( 27172942 )
2016
46
Perceptions, practices, and traditional beliefs related to neonatal jaundice among Egyptian mothers: A cross-sectional descriptive study. ( 27603393 )
2016
47
A Pilot Metabolic Profiling Study of Patients With Neonatal Jaundice and Response to Phototherapy. ( 27306191 )
2016
48
The study on clinical value of the detection about serum and Unconjugated Bilirubin in diagnosis of neonatal jaundice. ( 27005510 )
2016
49
A Survey of Practice and Knowledge of Refugee and Migrant Pregnant Mothers Surrounding Neonatal Jaundice on the Thailand-Myanmar Border. ( 27576869 )
2016
50
Severe neonatal jaundice due to a de novo glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficient mutation. ( 26693676 )
2016

Variations for Neonatal Jaundice

Expression for Neonatal Jaundice

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Neonatal Jaundice.

Pathways for Neonatal Jaundice

Pathways related to Neonatal Jaundice according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 12)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 12.18 G6PD HMOX2 UGT1A1
2
Show member pathways
11.96 HMOX1 HMOX2 UGT1A1
3
Show member pathways
11.24 SLCO1B1 UGT1A1
4 11.18 HMOX1 HMOX2
5 11.09 G6PD GSTM1 HMOX1 UGT1A1
6
Show member pathways
11.04 SLCO1B1 UGT1A1
7 10.95 HMOX1 IL6
8
Show member pathways
10.9 GSTM1 UGT1A1
9 10.85 HMOX1 IL6
10 10.76 NR1I3 UGT1A1
11 10.43 HMOX1 IL6
12 10.19 NR1I3 SLCO1B1

GO Terms for Neonatal Jaundice

Cellular components related to Neonatal Jaundice according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 intracellular membrane-bounded organelle GO:0043231 9.26 G6PD HMOX1 HMOX2 UGT1A1
2 cytoplasmic side of plasma membrane GO:0009898 8.62 G6PD SPTA1

Biological processes related to Neonatal Jaundice according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cellular iron ion homeostasis GO:0006879 9.46 HMOX1 HMOX2
2 positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation GO:0048661 9.43 HMOX1 IL6
3 glutathione metabolic process GO:0006749 9.4 G6PD GSTM1
4 acute-phase response GO:0006953 9.37 IL6 UGT1A1
5 response to hypoxia GO:0001666 9.33 HMOX1 HMOX2 PKLR
6 iron ion homeostasis GO:0055072 9.32 HMOX1 HMOX2
7 regulation of angiogenesis GO:0045765 9.26 HMOX1 IL6
8 heme oxidation GO:0006788 8.96 HMOX1 HMOX2
9 heme catabolic process GO:0042167 8.8 HMOX1 HMOX2 UGT1A1

Molecular functions related to Neonatal Jaundice according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 heme oxygenase (decyclizing) activity GO:0004392 8.62 HMOX1 HMOX2

Sources for Neonatal Jaundice

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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